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Heat Exchanger design

Process design
is
is
4.186 KJ/kg K ratio
46.2 KJ/kg K CS
2
0.27723872
1.04 KJ/kg K CO 0.72276128
Overall Heat capacity of gas mixture 13.5601 KJ/kg K

flow rate on tube side 1518.213244 kg/h
Tube side
Shell side
38.8296984 C
R
S
0.81
heat capacity of water
heat capacity of CS
2
Heat capacity of CO
100
LMTD
Heat Load ((flowrate *heat capacity of CS2(inlet - oulet))/(3600))
Flow of water Heat load/ (Heat capacity of methanol(outlet-inlet))
Use one shell pass and two tube pass
(0-40)/(25-100)
Tube side fluid mixture of Carbon monoxide and carbon disulfide
Shell side fluid
Outlet temp Inlet temp
water
25
Inlet temp Outlet temp
10 20
0.133333333
(25-100)/(40-100)
0.9375
From the below graph we obtain Ft
428.8984163
10.24602046
C
450 W/m2 K U
Provsional Area A Heat load/((Delta Tm)*U)
30.30350707 m2
Choose 20 mm O.D. and 16 mm I.D. with 4.88
0.02 m 0.016 m
Allowing for tube length thickness use length 4.83 m

Area of one tube 4.83*20* Pi * (10^(-3)) = 0.303324
No of tube are provisional area/area of one tube 99.9047457
Db
= mm
= mm
= 55 mm
= 310+55 = 365 mm
= (Inlet+Outlet)/2 = 62.5
= (pi/4)*(16)^2 = 200.96
Tubes per pass = 100/2 = 50 tubes
Total Flow area = tubes per pass * tube cross sectional area in m2
= 0.010048 m2
Delta Tm LMTD * Ft
31.45205568
Overall Heat Transfer coeff of the process
As the shell side fluid are relatively clean use 1.25 triangular pitch
Bundle diameter 20*(146/.249)^(1/2.207)
Tube side co-efficient
Mean CS2+CO temperature
Tube cross sectional area
302.5672122
310
Use split ring floating heat type
From the below figure, bundle diametrical clearance
Shell diameter
= Flow of methanol / total flow area
= 1019.7074 Kg/m2 s
= 1.1813834 kg/m3 1.2632
1.15
= gas mass velocity/density
863.14691 m/s
Reynold number =
=
0.0029
= (Cp* viscosity )/Kf

Using the above equation and neglecting the (Mu/Mu w)
hi = 985.5636342 W/m2 C
= Ds/5 73 mm
= 1.25*20 25 mm
= ((25-20)/20)*(365)*(73*(10^(-6)))
= 0.0066613 m2
=
Kg/m2 s
de =
= 14.201 mm
(10.246/0.006661)
1538.152818
Shell side co-efficient
Choose baffle spacing
Tube pitch
Cross Flow area As
Mass Velocity Gs
(Density* velocity*diameter)/viscosity
9.07E+05
Heat transfer factor from the graph
Prandtle number
0.013020268
Gas mixture mass velocity
Density of gas mixture
Gas mixture linear velocity
Equivalent Diameter
= (10+20)/2 15 C
= 998 kg/m3
= 1.084 mNs/m2
= 4.186 KJ/kg C
= 0.592 W/m C
= (Gs*de)/mu
= 20150.653
= (Cp*mu)/Kf
= 7.6649054
jh = 0.0042
hs = 2201.7354 W/m2 C
= 62.5-15
= 47.5
= (U/h0)*(delta T)
= 9.70825 C
Mean wall temperature =
= C
= 50 W/m C
= 5000 W/m2 C
= 4000 W/m2 C
so 1/U0 =
= 0.002139511
U0 = 467.3966288 W/m2 C
The assumed value was 450 W/m2 c
Little above the assumed value
Mean Shell Side temperature
Density of water
Viscosity
heat capacity
across the water film
thermal conductivity
Reynold number
Prandtle number
Choose 25 % baffle cut, from graph find jh
Fouling co-efficient of gas mixture
37.79174905
(47.5)-(9.708251)
Overall HT Coefficient
Thermal Conductivity of cupro-nikle alloy
Fouling co-efficient of water
Without the viscosity correction term, find hs
Estimate the wall temperature
mean temperature difference across all resistence
From the graph Re = 9.07E+05
So friction factor is jf = 0.0029
Neglecting the viscosity term
delta Pt =
= 8364575.2 N/m2
= 8364.5752 K Pa
Linear velocity = Gs/ rho
= 1.541235288
jf = 0.0046
Delta Ps
= 74179.6 N/m2
= 74.1796 K Pa
Neglect the correction factor
Pressure Drop
Tube Side
Shell Side
From the figure, at Re at 20150.15
27722677 j/kmol
27722.68 KJ/Kmol
364.0057 kj/kg
KW
Kg/s
((flowrate *heat capacity of CS2(inlet - oulet))/(3600))
Heat load/ (Heat capacity of methanol(outlet-inlet))
heat of vaporization of CS2
m long tube of cupper-nikle
CU-ni Long tube length 4.88 m long tube of cupper-nikle
m2
= 100 Tubes
C
mm2
CS2
CO
Density
co 1.15
so2 2.71
Overall 1.58 kg/m3
Velocity 863 m/s
viscosity 0 Pa.s
Diameter 0.02 m
Thermal
conductivity 0.03 W/m C
C
1 2 3 4 5
0.001 0 4.46287E-05 0.000313 0.000568
c1 c2 c3 c4 Tr tc t
3.496 0.2986 0 0 0.540127 552 298.15
34960000

m long tube of cupper-nikle