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DivisionofTechnicalEducationandManagementStudies

AppliedEngineeringScience ESC103

PassExamQuestion Spring2009
OpticalInstruments





You are given two lens A and B of power 20 Diopters and 2.5 Diopters respectively to form a
simple microscope.
a) Draw a diagram showing how these lenses may be arranged to form the microscope,
clearly explain its operation.
b) Assuming normal operation and that the length of the barrel of the microscope is 60 cm,
calculate the magnification of the final image.
c) Explain what is meant by the resolution of an optical instrument.
d) What is Rayleigh Criteria for the limits of resolution and what factors determine the
limits of resolution of an optical instrument?

Spring2004
You are given four lenses A, B, C and D of power 20, 12, -3, and 2.5 Diopters respectively.
Draw a diagram showing how these lenses may be arranged to form telescope. Your
diagram must show clearly the following:

i. Which lens is selected as the eyepiece and which is the objective
ii. The distance between the objective lens and the eyepiece
iii. The location of the object relative to the objective lens
iv. The formation of the intermediate image
v. The location of the intermediate image relative to the eyepiece
vi. The formation of the final image
vii. The relative orientation of the final image
viii. The magnification of the final image
ix. State one disadvantage of this telescope.
x. How can the disadvantage stated above can be corrected
xi. What factors determine the resolution of this telescope
Note: Accurate ray construction is not necessary but your ray diagram must
convey a clear sense of how the final image is formed.





Fall2006
a) A converging lens is to be used as a simple magnifier.
i. Calculate the power of the lens to be used if a magnification of 5.5 is required when
the eye is relaxed.
ii. What would be the magnification using this lens when the eye is focused at the near
point?

b) Two lens of power 5 Diopters and 20 Diopters are to be assembled as a simple
microscope.
i. Draw a diagram showing how the final image will be produced.
ii. Show clearly which lens is to be used as the eyepiece and which is the objective
lens
iii. Explain the relative positions of the lenses so that the final image is produced.
iv. If the final magnification of this instrument is to be 10, what should be the
distance between the lenses?





Summer2003
The diagram below shows two lens arranged to form a microscope.

Draw the ray diagram to show how the final image is formed. Your diagram must show the
following:
i. The location of the object relative to the objective lens.
ii. The formation of the intermediate image
iii. The location of the intermediate image relative to the eyepiece
iv. The formation of the final image
The relative orientation and size of the final image