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SCHOOL OF ENGINEERING

(Common to ECE third year A,B,C !e"tion! and third year EEE#

SUB CO$E% &'CBEC()*&'CBEE()

SUB NA+E% $IGITAL SIGNAL ,ROCESSING

SE+% V

UNIT-I-$ISCRETE FOURIER TRANSFOR+

,art-A

1. List any two properties of Fourier Transform.

2. Draw the basic butterfly diagram for the computation in the radix 2 decimation-in-frequency

FFT algorithm.

. Distinguish between Discrete time Fourier transform and Discrete Fourier transform.

!. "hat are the differences and similarities between D#F and D#T algorithms$

%. "hat is FFT$

&. 'ow many multiplications and additions are required to compute ( point DFT using radix 2

FFT$

). "hat are the applications of FFT algorithm$

*. +i,e the formula for DFT and #DFT.

-. .tate the property for con,olution theorem.

1/. 0ompute the number of multiplications needed in the FFT computation of DFT of a 2 point

sequence.

11. .tate 1arse,al2s relation for DFT.

12. Describe twiddle factor with equation.

.

,ART B

1. i3 0ompute the ! point DFT of the following sequence using D#F- FFT algorithm

x4n3561717171 8 41/3

ii3 .tate and explain any two properties of DFT. 4&3

2. For the gi,en sequence x4n356/717278 Find 94:3 using D#T-FFT algorithm.

41&3

. Determine the ! point DFT of the signal x4n3561717/7/8 41&3

!. 4i3 0ompute ! point DFT using D#F FFT radix 2 algorithm

x4n35;/.%7/.%7/.%7/.%8 4*3

4ii3 "hat are the differences and similarities between D#T and D#F algorithms. 4*3

%. Draw the butterfly diagram and compute the D#T-FFT of the following sequence

<sing decimation in time algorithm x4n3561717171717171718 41&3

UNIT-II% INFINITE I+,ULSE RES,ONSE $IGITAL FILTERS

,art-A

1. "hat is meant by prewarping in the design of digital filters$

2. "hat is :nown as +ibbs phenomenon$

. "hat is Frequency warping$

!. .tate any two properties of =utterworth filter.

%. .tate any two properties of 0hebyshe, filter.

&. .tate the ad,antages and disad,antages of bilinear transformation.

). >xplain the warping effect.

*. .tate the relationship between analog and digital frequency in impulse in,ariant

transformation

-. 0ompare the properties of =utterworth and 0hebyshe, filters.

1/. "hat are the limitations of impulse in,ariant mapping$

11. +i,e the relationship between ?nalog and Digital frequency in =ilinear transformation.

12. +i,e the equation for the order of ( and cutoff frequency

c

of the =utterworth filter.

,art-B

1. For the analog transfer function '4s35 determine the '4@3 using #mpulse in,ariance

method. ?ssume T51 s. 41&3

2. <sing bilinear transformation7 design a high pass filter7 monotonic in pass band with cutoff

frequency of 1/// '@ and down 1/d= at %/ '@. The sampling frequency is %/// '@ .

41&3

.4i3 .how that a stable analog filter is mapped to a stable digital filter using bilinear transform.

4*3

4ii# ?n analog filter has a transfer function

'4s3 5 1/

4s

2

A)sA1/3

Design a digital filter equi,alent to this using impulse in,ariant method for

T5/.2 sec. 4*3

!. 4i3 Design a digital =utterworth filter that satisfies the following constraints

/.)/) B' 4 3 B 17 for /

' 4 3 B /.27 for

with T51 s using bilinear transformation method. 41&3

%. >xplain in detail the steps in,ol,ed in the design of ##C filter using bilinear transformation.

41&3

&. Dbtain the direct form # 7cascade reali@ation for the system

y4n35 -/.1y4n-13A/.2y4n-23Ax4n3A.&x4n-13A/.&x4n-23. 41&3

UNIT-III% FINITE I+,ULSE RES,ONSE $IGITAL FILTERS

,art-A

1. "hat are the ad,antages of F#C filters$

2. "hy is F#C filter always stable$

. .tate the characteristic of F#C filter designed using window functions.

!. .tate the Eaiser "indow function.

%. <nder what condition a F#C filter will exhibit linear phase response$

&. "hat are the properties of F#C filter$

). .tate the condition satisfied by linear phase F#C filter.

*. 0ompare F#C and ##C filters.

-. Define 'anning "indow functions.

1/. Define =lac:mann "indow functions.

11. "hat are the design techniques of designing F#C filters$

12. Discuss the stability of F#C filters.

,art-B

1. Design an ideal 'ilbert transformer ha,ing frequency response

'4 3 5 FG for HI J J /

5-FG for / J J I.

<sing 4i3 Cectangular window for (511. 41&3

2. 4i3 Find the frequency response of linear phase F#C filter with symmetric impulse response and

(-odd. 4*3

4ii3 Design a F#C filter approximating the ideal frequency responseK

'

d

4 3 5 forL LLLMMJ

5 / for J MMJI.

Determine the filter coefficient of (51. 4*3

. Design the F#C filter with '

d

4 3 56 - JJ

6/ NMMJI

<sing a 'anning window with (5). 41&3

!. Dbtain a direct form reali@ation for a linear phase F#C system for (-odd and (-e,en. 41&3

%. Design a F#C low pass filter ha,ing following specificationsK

'

d

4 3 5 1 for J MMJ

5 / for otherwise

?nd gi,en that (5) using

4i3 'anning window

4ii3 'amming window

4iii3 =lac:man window. 41&3

&. The desired response of a low pass filter is

'

d

4 NJ

5 6 / NMMJI

Determine '4 3 for O5) using a 'amming window. 41&3

UNIT . IV FINITE /OR$ LENGTH EFFECTS

,art . A

1. Define sampling rate con,ersion.

2. "hat is the need for signal scaling$

. Define product quanti@ation error$

!. "hat is meant by 4Pero input3 limit cycle oscillations$

%. "hat is meant by o,erflow oscillations$

&. Define QDead bandR.

). 0ompare fixed point and floating point arithmetic.

*. "hat are the three types of quanti@ation errors due to finite word length registers in digital

filters$

-. "hat are the ?d,antages of floating point arithmetic$

1/. "hat is the range of quanti@ation error when truncation is performed7 while representing

positi,e numbers$

11. List the different types of quanti@ation effects on D.1 system design.

12. Distinguish between rounding and truncation.

,art B

1. i3Ceali@e the first order transfer function '4@35 and draw its

quanti@ation model. find the steady state noise power due to product round off 4*3

4ii3 >xplain in detail about the @ero-input limit cycle oscillations due to finite word length of

registers. 4*3

2 .Discuss about product quanti@ation7 input quanti@ation and co-efficient quanti@ation errors

in D.1 system design. 41&3

. i3 >xplain in detail about binary floating point representation of numbers. 4*3

ii3 Deri,e the equation for quanti@ation noise power. 4*3

!. Find the steady state ,ariance of the noise in the output due to quanti@ation of input for the

first order filter.

S4n35ay4n-13 A x4n3 41&3

%. 0onsider a second order ##C filter with '4@35

Find the effect on quanti@ation on pole location of the system function in direct and in

cascade form. 4*A*3

UNIT . V-+ULTIRATE SIGNAL ,ROCESSING

,ART . A

1. "hat are the two techniques of sampling rate con,ersion$

2. "hat are the necessities of multistage approach$

. "hat is o,ersampling$

!. +i,e any two applications of sub band coding.

%. Define sub band coding.

&. .tate the expression for interpolation.

). .tate the principle of interpolation by factor #.

*. "hat are the applications of sampling rate con,ersion$

-. "hat are the disad,antages of DT? con,ersion and resampling at required rate$

1/. "hat are the ad,antages of multi-rate processing$

,ART . B

1. 4i3 >xplain o,ersampling ?TD and DT? con,ersion with the bloc: diagram. 41/3

4ii3 "rite the necessity of multistage approaches for sampling rate con,ersion. 4&3

2. >xplain sampling rate con,ersion by a rational factor #TD. 41&3

. >xplain Oultirate digital signal processing. 41&3

!. "hat is sub band coding$ Discuss about its applications of sub band coding$ 42A1!3

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