You are on page 1of 3

Harshal Page 1 11/14/2009

Sound
The sound is not just the sound!
The atmosphere around us is made up of minute air
particles. These air particles vibrate at certain speed due to
some collision of two things. This creates the sound. This
vibrating particle goes to some level up, come to original
position, then goes to some level down, and then again
come back to original position. This is called one cycle.

These vibrating particles collide on the neighboring group of
particles, and thus the sound propagates. These vibrating
particles, when are near to our ears, our ears can sense
these vibrations & you search for the source of the sound!
But then how can we distinguish between sound of
Guitar? Song of Lata Didi? Song of Britany Spears? Speech
of Bill Clinton? Voice of your father and mother? Sa, Re, Ga
and Ma?

Properties of sound
1) Frequency: Frequency is the number of cycles per
second. The frequency of each Swar is different, and that
is why we can identify Sa, Re, Ga, etc. The frequency of
Sa is 240, while that of Re is 270.
2) Volume: The volume is the altitude of sound. If volume
is lower, the sound is week.

depending on its parent (“Shuddha”(in Hindi)/Pure(in English) ) note. This much basic introduction is sufficient for the time being! Origin of 7 Swars Long Long ago. we added 5 more notes. Due to it. So 4 new Swars were added & named as “Pa Dha Ni Sa” ( This “Sa” is of double frequency of the previous “Sa” ). Ideally. we added: Komal Re ( between Sa and Re ) => Lower than Re Komal Ga ( between Re and Ga ) => Lower than Ga Tivra Ma ( between Ma and Pa ) => Higher(Sharper) than Ma Komal Dha ( between Pa and Dha ) => Lower than Dha Komal Ni ( between Dha and Ni ) => Lower than Ni Octave is called as “Saptak” in Hindi. And after that few more Swars were get added. it sound a bit higher pitch(frequency) than the male singer’s “Sa Re Ga Ma”. Sa. or 380 and 383 ). Ga and Ma. Tabala. Re. called either “Komal”(in Hindi)/Flat(in English) or “Tivra”(in Hindi)/Sharp(in English). etc. or 240 and 241. Michel Jackson. So we created “Swars” at specific frequencies only. we can distinguish sounds from Guitar. So. our ears can not differenciate clearly between the closer notes ( eg 20 and 22. we can have Swas of each frequency ranging from 20 to 20000 ( audible to Humans ). But. But friends. do not go into deep of these properties. the music consisted of only 4 Swars viz.Harshal Page 2 11/14/2009 3) Type: The type of sound is very peculiar property of it. Harmonium. Later all these Swars got combined into 1 octave. But. Lata Didi. So in addition to these 7 Swars. some Gurus found that when a female singer sings “Sa Re Ga Ma”. There are 3 types of octaves: 1) Lower octave 2) Middle octave: Used very often .

Harshal Page 3 11/14/2009 3) Higher octave While singing or playing any instrument. the more lower or more higher octaves! . He can also use. . depending upon his/her capabilities.Harshal. the performer uses these 3 octaves.