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T A'.ZaraTabi(ztabi@icsd.edu) BICD120:Dr.

Crawford
AIM:ztabi06OH:ByemailAppt, Week6

Phgohormones-Small
Introducinq... molecule made
signals by1group
andreleased ofcellsinresponse
tothe
)
environment meant
to bereceived
by group
another ofcells
toproduce
a (growth,
response movement, etc,)

{atphvsioloqical
hormonre requlator
conditions){rowth
Structure Common Stimulates Represses
Locations
. Phototropism;CellElongation bud
.Young
Leaves . CellDivision "apical
growth- dominance"
. Embryos . Development:
-- Root
lnitiation

culture
tissue &shoot
Derivative (adventitious
cuttings roots)
. Inplants,
canbe tissue
- Vascular formation
derivedfromtrporindole

canbepositive
- Phototropism: (towards (awayfromlight)
light)ornegative
. Auxinis produced
inthe andistransported
topromotecellelongation
. Bending a lightsource
towards dueto ofauxin
delivery
ononesideis morerapid
- Elongation
-'!..J-=
'f..
(Auv') .^. \ higncrourinlJ'ltrt#t,
*ffir#u:fu]ffit
N{asftrc'|onprion
- Auxin
transport
. Usesactive
. Transport
(ATP)
hansport tomoveauxin (apical)
fromshoot toroot(basal) :Jil}}
6fiN!)
proteins tokeepflowmoving
areneeded downwards

Growth
Hormone-Promotes andCellDivision
Structure Common Stimulates Represses
Locations
. RootTips . CellDivision
. Seeds O
Differentiation(plantaging/ripening/death)
Growth

. Adenine
Derivative

inthe
Produced
Transport:
- Cytokinin andissentuptotheshoots
Promotes
Hormone andCellDivision
Growth
Stimulates
(Bolting)
growth
offlowers
- Production
. CellDivision
& ExPansion

Aletnfie -GAinseedgermination
. TheplantembrYo waitsuntilthe
temp)beforeproducing
ire met(light,moisture, GA
-tronrnt - lnduces
- 1ipld: - Inducesproduction
of bythe
- (vbs
ffiteins, carbs)canbebroken
metabolites plant!
intousable
down forthe
tnbvt4o endawerm
) No
areaffected plants
Stemelongation
-GAMutants- andbolting ,0[
. Howtoobtainthesetypesofmutants?
) Can'tmakeGAProPerlY
mutant
GA
) Can'tdetecUPerceive
mutant
. Howtodistinguish
btwthetwo?)

Prevents
hormone SeedGermination
Common Location Qtimrletaq Represses
Hesponses. GAresponses
Stress
. Seeds . Closing of Growth
- Embryo
during drought - ofHydrolases
Release
. ColdHardening
- Productionof
lipids
- sYnthesize
Proteins

Structure a I nnalinnq I Stimulates


. Fruits . Fruit
. Germinating
seeds . Senescence
ttil ' l
. "

seeds
germinating
. Disease
Resistance
. Derived
from
methionene
with
fordealing
seed'smechanism
- TripleResponse-Young towards
soil'ssurface
. Three
features:
1) ofthehypocotyls
zl ofhypocotyls
?\
el HookCurvature

h,1:ur\,
\pc \ ruutartc
no obsrrclc-- €-JJ(, J -
. Response
t )),
bypresence
triggered of
Yt''
in
- Canbereoroducedthelabtolookformutants
. TheETR1 Gene) Codes foranETRIProtein
- Protein
domain-Regionofprotein
witha
F - Structure Protein:
of ETR1
I
'c Z L 'U' ,@
,
</ ,[ i tfldine
tl
i-FO
inpvt +ranswrilfer
CIPL ?ftte\YL

. ETR1partof mechanism
similarto inbacteria
system
Steps: 1)Binding
ofsignal (i.e.ethylene)
byan
2)Transfer
ofa group
from_ ofthe
domain
totheAspofthe
domain
3)Responseistriggered
trZr 4 Cfp
g (/,/7t7'tti1{ /;' 4 Stl l-
erLt crR €. EespovrSe- lZ (f///tt 'y'Y t7 t,t//.',t r i
/{i{t!,"}}iL
"t
{'t!$tgf : frzt +, crl -Xl kqonl* >
e