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TA:Zara Tabi(ztabi(&uoEd,edu) BICD120:Dr.

Crawford
AI Mz: t a b i 0 6OH :B ye ma i l A p p t. Week7
PlantNutrition
-Nutrients essentialfor life> Found inthe
dissolved andtakenupbytheroots
.TheMacronutrients: _, _, .TheMicronutrients:
_, _, _, _, otn
v\v
-t -t

+" !'

(1 ) Siteofcelldivision (5) - Middlelayerofroot
(2) - Canconsist
ofoneor manylayersdependingon
Protects fromdamaoe
rootmeristem theolant
(3) - Outermost ofa root (6)
layer - Surrounds
vascular
tissue
- Reponsible forHzOabsorbtion (7)
(4) impermeable
endodermis bylonsandHzO
e o i d e rma l ce l l s (B) - Regionofvascular
tissue
- Increased surface areaforHzO/ion
absorbtion phloem)
(xylem,

tt0i
NutrientUptake
- lonscantravel2 waysthrougha root:
1) - System ofcytoplasm viaplasmodesmata
connected
2) - System ofcellwalls
- CANNOT reachthesteleof a rootthrouqh transport
oftheendodermis
actsasa block
needtocrossa plasma
- lonseventually membranetoenterthesymplasm l[tPArrqnl+nP
. Activetransport
>
- Uses
. Canbypass stripbyplasmodesmata
theCasparian
, '0 HowHzO& Salts
Transpiration: travelfrom
-v?
fromthestomata
- HzOevaporation "pulls"
waterupshoot>
- H-Bondingbetweenwatermolecules
allows H2Ocolumntostayintact>
llrL
-Controlled
bytheopening& closing
of
| ,t e . \A/hen
Y Open,allOws in(forPhotosynthesis)
and out

,,n]il10
- LoNH2D prtenml
- ioittl
higlr
I
-oPen: Light'
Lowoz -Close:
n.--.^. |
Dark,HighTemp,
:_L1 | - ...
HighCOz,LowHzO(ABA)
/

- ,^- leow
O iorns
il
€Srut rK X --+
* -_L-e
t \ lJ
shnnh \1,/./\
- }lqr't'lroPrlenirol .-r-t-
.\
- 0i'rr[) qitng 0sr'Ylosis
Otlro{o,nl r4a'
€) l,|rorntefsvrod6lt'losi5

Needs Fe& Mo> Sensitive to J Energy andProper supplied environment by I The '1)Plants release compounds bacteria toattract 2)Bacteria roothairto attachto roots./ ttl (- t + u! \ - /r -ie+€ oo.etog' /\ 4*a q.causing genesinbacteria areactivated to nitrogenase synthesize Af \. the Occurs andcanbemultidirectional ateTransoort: Source: photosynthate Where is produced photosvnthate orstored Sink:Where is needed a a o a a (inSummer) a (inSummer) a a a a (inSpring) a (inSpring) . based onsucrose [ ]. Energy process Intensive > Needs t _ .CanNOLONGER DIVIDE . [r entertheplantviaan 3) Bacteria 4) Newplant .Siteoffutur rren0 is protected . ph.Osmotic FlowTheory- Pressure Useofosmoticpressure.Bacteria fromplantdefense systems F ? ) -/ \ 5) Bacteria terminally to differentiate 6) Nodule formation iscomplete! . totransport Nitroqen Fixation: of Theconversion form( intoa usable Relationship ) > Symbiotic .rrobiowt A \*"j" .KeyEnzyme: > Provided (_) bytheBacteria .

(Psylid) SDCitrusQuarantine .PlantStresses: thetwoandknowexamples! between thedifference of bioticattack: . Alkaloids Tanins.) cellwall Ex. andDefense PlantPatholoqv . .pruning. similar to antibiotics .) fungi.Waxcuticle.Predators -Plants PlantDefense-Howdothevprotect themselves? MicrobeAttack-Howdotheyqetpastthesedefenses? 1) Defense. wounding . CellInfection--gain to access ) (bacteria.GreatPotato Blight(Phytoptera).Breakdown cellwall metabolites Secondary . (auxin.Phenolics. -1 ) Signalmolecule (protein) t .Onlywoundedplantscanproduce signal . vs.r\/ lvLlr' d{ /* .orspecialized until .canbestored in safely between microbes different vacuole. : Lectins protease bacteria)or .Bark.Plant of ina largeamount Epidemics-Result and lost .Simple induces intheherbivore's digestion thiseffect stomach ispossible + U tr 4 ' 2') communication .Transported throughthe alsopossible communication ) Signalmolecule (volatile) "n4nomn6n4.lf a general toxin. Toxins:Small phytohormones organics. . (Pl's) are fPr disrupting released. Mosttoxinsare 3) : candiffer .. Whenattacked. etc. gibberellin) cytokinin. / t \( // . structures cellwall. Chanceofepidemicisgreater with overa largearea ) useofonevariety orBiotic) understand CanbeAbiotic . Ex.Methods a -+atingofplant ) Performed tissue by and .Specific Herbivory Case: inPotato Defense . inhibitors animals) .Thebreakingdownof 2) Defense protective ortoxins layerswithenzymes (fungi. entryinto Protect 1) .lnfectatwoundsites cytoplasm alreadypresent (duetoherbivory. . Ex. etc. Enzymes are : Hydrolases (insects.Entrance through (stomates) naturalopenings needed ..