TRADUCERE DOCUMENTAR - THE HEROES’ PATH - HORIA MUNTENUŞ

Form 1

In 1980, near the Danube River , in the Hinova region, Mehedinți County, not far from the
Drobeta-Turnu Severin municipality, archaeologists discovered the largest autochthonous
treasure in Romania , consisting of over nine thousand six hundred thirty-nine gold pieces
weighing approximately five kg and dating from the second century BC. The treasure consists of
a tiara, several bracelets, sleeves and rings, and also a necklace containing hundreds of pieces
and thousands of small beads of rhombohedral shape made of gold foil.

Surprisingly, Constantin Brâncuşi will name the rhombohedral elements of the Endless Column
(in Romanian: Coloana fără sfârşit) after the beads. Inspired by the discovery, he envisions the
Column as a necklace of eternity and as a column uniting earth to heaven. The rhombehedral
shape found in the traditional house porch pillar is without a doubt another source of inspiration
for Brâncuşi. He uses this porch pillar model and projects it in his sculpture as a universal pillar.

The link between Brâncuşi’s sculpture and the visions of Antiquity makes of this funeral
monument a monument of primordial tradition as well. The Endless Column is indeed a column
of infinity, a cosmic pillar, a symbol of dignity and human greatness, a symbol of eternity, a
sacred symbol of the being. Brâncuşi accomplishes a huge restoration of tradition and brings
the medieval man and the Edenic man to an encounter with the Pauline man.

The Column germinates from a single element – the “seed”, which represents the shape of the
hourglass found in the stone stools from the Chairs Alley ( in Romanian:
Aleea Scaunelor - another monument of Brancusi ’s sculpture assembly).

Brâncuşi said that the Column is ascending from a blade of grass.

The Column , as he enjoyed calling it, is the soul itself – the pulse of life, which can be felt not
only in this reiterative, infinite rhombohedral element, but also in the lisp of the leafs and the
swaying of the flowers in the park. It is the Column of the world’s infinity and of God’s, whose
time can only be measured through man’s breaths. It is the Column of the sun, the Column of
light - the liberating soul-uplifting flow.

Form 2

From the depths of the archetype comes forth the relevance of mythological time, ancestral
time, symbolic time, which the primordial tradition carries within.

The Endless Column is a flowering of life’s quintessence, of the primordial ancient wisdom and
of our spiritual life. It is a column of eternal gratitude and of perpetual remembrance of the
freedom fighters, a column of the ancestry which imbues the wisdom of the Carpathian-BalkanMediterranean space, and a column of man’s history and of his humanity. In this context, it is a
column of humaneness.

Having arrived in Târgu Jiu from Paris at the request of the Women’s League in Gorj, Brâncuşi
comes with the idea of implementing this rhomboedral element as an obelisk in the monument
that he has been requested to build. He asks for total creative freedom and assembles the
monument on the site of the old hay fair.

As it happens, the young engineer Ștefan Georgescu Gorjan, son of Ion Georgescu
Gorjan, the old protector of Brâncuşi during his studies in the country, is the assistant to the
director of the Central Workshop in Resiţa , where the Endless Column is to be cast in iron and
steel.

For the pedestal of the Column, Brâncuşi, together with the carpenter foreman CAROL FLISEC,
prepares a lime wood module, like the statue of a man, with a height of 180 centimeters , the
high side being 90 centimeters and the short one, 45 centimeters . The Column will be built to a
height of 29.35 meters . It consists of 15 stacked octahedral modules, whose top and bottom
halves, when joined, form an open chain structure uniting the sky to the earth.

As early as 1907, Brâncuşi had “a project for a column which once enhanced could sustain the
sky”. This project will be implemented technically by the engineer Ștefan Georgescu Gorjan,
based on resistance calculations made by engineer Nicolae Hasnaș. An entire team of the
Central Workshop is dedicated to the exceptional engineering project. Among the workers are
Romanians, Hungarians, Germans and Jews.

This process is coordinated by the foreman chief Ion Romoan. are to be displayed along the steel axis. finally. The elements of the Column are rasped on the joints and then grouted with metallic dust. Ultimately.the octahedral elements. The Women’s League in Gorj persuades the Government to allocate significant funds and. After the assembly. over ten million lei are committed. like beads on a string.The beads . The sum is to cover the cost of the entire project and also the enhancement of the old street. he is the only one capable of creating a monument in memoriam of the heroes of the Jiu River . when sculptor Milița Pătrașcu. Each module is assembled with the help of wooden scaffolding and some handspikes and pulleys. eventually accepts the proposal. Grigore Săftoiu. with a large square base of 4. They are then pulled along the steel axis. For resistance. In the concrete block a special structure – a crossed gantry of 3 meters – is inserted. The sculptor. a team led by the foreman Augustin Perini lays the foundation of the monument in the shape of a truncated pyramid. In her opinion. the Column is transported module by module to Târgu Jiu with a specially constructed iron cart carried along two-car tracks. The history of the construction of this monument begins in1934. In October 1937. Corrosion protection of the steel is achieved with a minimum of three layers of leadbased paint. The angle profiles and steel plates are specially laminated with increased resistance at Reșița. . denies her own competence and invokes the name of her master Brâncuși. Constantin Brâncuși is present and is assumed to be the person sitting in the park near the Column wearing a grey coat and fedora. including compensation for the demolition of some buildings. Their lateral displacement is secured with thin metallic wedges. starting from east to west. Madam Arethia Tãtărăscu visits the sculptor in Paris and carries out a long conversation with him. who is asked by Arethia Tãtărăscu to build it. who has been wishing for a long time to create something significant in Gorj. the interior of the module at the base of the construction is also cemented. Seventy-five cubic meters of concrete is poured. At the assembly of the first two modules. The Heroes’ Path (in Romanian: Calea Eroilor) is to transect the town in two halves. they are sandblasted and coated using a thermal brass spraying process. which is fixed to the base of the block with rag bolts of 2 meters .5 meters and a depth of 5 meters. whose kernel is made of a square cross section. at a distance of 1759 meters .

Bounded by thirty stools. . The upper portion of the portal looks like a hope chest and is projected like a triumphal arch of the young who have gone to war. and in the chirping of birds. he imagines a complex plan consisting of a meditation table. the path represents the corresponding ritual in an Orthodox funeral. like the stone tables in the front of traditional house porches. in the rustling of willow branches and wild grass. Portal of Great Silence – The Gate of the Kiss. prolonging the symbol in the hourglass chairs.Initially. round. the murmur of their thoughts is to be heard in the rippling of water.a place of spiritual victory and a place of committing to the Holy Communion. merging with death. the funeral convoy walks on the path to Saints Peter and Paul Church (in Romanian: Biserica Sfinţii Petru si Pavel) for the last church service and passes through a portal. Form 3 It is the path of heroes’ souls who reach the church . each consisting of three hourglass stools on each side. It is a triumph of life against death. The path is “watched over” by five groups of chairs.a Jacob’s ladder on which they will climb to heaven. From the church they will proceed to the funeral pillar . Near the gate two simple benches are placed to symbolize the contemplation before The Last Judgment. Surrounded by twelve chairs. which depicts the ritual of The Last Supper. a path of liberation. but also the place from which the heroes depart towards the high path. He envisions a table consisting of two millstones. a number which represents the symbol of a sacred meditation. the table embodies the capsule of time that flows like the water of the Jiu River . the millstone symbolizing time and destiny. It is a table of the the Holy Communion. right on the sit where battles had been fought for the town’s safety. Brâncuși comes with the idea of creating the Endless Column before the other monuments. of eternal life. At this table the heroes introspect. From the table of remembrance. But during his meditations on the bank of the Jiu River .

Brâncuși searches everywhere and for a long time for the stone from which the table. accompanied by his entourage. For the stools on the Chairs Alley. with a length of 5. the family table. at Viștea. choosing at last the limestone he finds in Transylvania . the shades table. the chairs.15 meters and a thickness of 43 centimeters and of a base in travertine brought from Câmpu-Lung. Around the table are placed twelve hourglass chairs and another thirty chairs watch over an alley of time which leads to the gate between. wants to climb down the scaffolding and grate the prince. prince Mihai of Hohenzolern arrives. the gate of death’s kiss that the soldiers receive. Brâncuși will develop in the Public Garden of the city. Brâncuși will choose this sit to build a table of celebration – the table of silence. He searches the country’s quarries. the table of The Last Supper. a structural complex of limestone brought from Banpotoc. in the Public Garden pre-existed few sculptural works such as this one which was destroyed by communists in 1944. solemnly. The young stone sculptor Ion Alexandrescu. in Hundoara County . but the sculptor stops him: “keep working!” . Of course. which has a diameter of 2 meters with a thickness of 45 centimeters . In that summer. Mircea Eliade says that: “The Gate watches over the marriage. Due to economical reasons. the round table.” In 1938. near Hunedoara. the future king. near Cluj and at Banpotoc. the gate and the two benches will be made.45 meters . Brâncuşi chooses identical dimensions: 55 centimeters height with a square side of 45 centimeters .69 meters . and under the gate the dead went. he chooses the limestone from Banpotoc. and the traditional table. on the bank of the Jiu River . with a diameter of 2. The Table of Silence (in Romanian: Masa Tăcerii) consists of a stone table top in travertine brought from Banpotoc. at the sit of the construction. after the construction of the Endless Column.13 meters . On the stanchions which sustain the upper section is graven the symbol of kiss. The Gate of The Kiss (in Romanian: Poarta Sărutului) has a height of 5. and the props have the side of 1. the table of the starving. each having a diameter of 45 centimeters and a height of 55 centimeters . who helps Brâncuşi. The table is surrounded by twelve stone chairs with round seat. the apostles’ table. to the one's last resting place.

the prevailing sentiment of the time incites the Târgu-Jiu City Council to request to the Committee of Arts the demolition of the Endless Column. under Bolshevik occupation.Year 1938 . can be used in other . his letter. like all the others European artists. In the letter. he is incriminated and labeled an enemy of the regime. In the document. Form 4 Inaugurated in 1938. ……………………………………………………………………………………………… In 1949. it is completely abandoned and deteriorates. is thrown in the trash. through the materials resulting from its demolition. ……………………………………………………………………………………………… Year 1951: The Romanian Academy shows its contempt for the works of Brâncuși. according to this unpublished document. And on March 7. Attacks against the sculptor are permitted. the Communists make a request: “Taking into account the fact that this Column. the work of Brâncuși is called a “metallic column embed in a concrete base without any aesthetics”. At the initiative of George Oprescu and Mihail Sadoveanu. maybe as a warning against the war that is imminent. through which he donates his works from the Parisian Workshop to the Romanian State . 1951. Brâncuși. decadent and bourgeois. Therefore. After the war. feels the dawn of war and raises the monument in Târgu Jiu as a memorial for the fallen of World War One and as a protest against the war which is to follow. is reckoned by Joseph Goebels as “degenerate”. Barlach and Lehbruch. the first attempt of the Communists to demolish the Endless Column takes place. the same City Council of Târgu Jiu sends a letter to the Local Industry and Utility Department (today’s Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs) to demand approval to demolish the Column . the Heroes’ Path is soon considered valueless.the year when the Nazi regime is at its apogee in Europe and when in Germany the art of Brâncuși and of his apprentices. Consequently.

The miners come out of the shift and drink brandy there to clean their throats. another attempt to demolish the Endless Column takes place. In the park. Gvasniewschi. and parceled it out to the citizens in exchange for expropriated lands from the neighborhood situated to the south of the tubular area. The Communist Party finds out about this deed and the activists are required to take them out of the river. . However. This time. On November 21. appropriated these lots and parceled out this land to citizens for building. But the tavern doesn’t have sanitation installed and the people. This action produces nothing but contempt for the Assembly. the Târgu-Jiu City Council requests approval from the competent authorities to parcel out the park area where the Column is placed for individual housing. in a report prepared by the Section of Architecture and Systematization of the Regional City Council of Craiova. In the same year. touched by spirits. In their valiant efforts. archival documents disclose the fact that the Târgu-Jiu City Council legally abolished the park area of the Column. relieve themselves on the sculptures. Tănăsie Lolescu from Hobiţa is given approval to demolish the Column . But in 1953. please give us the rightful approval to demolish it. In that dark decade. near the monuments. signed by the engineer T. a group of nomads is given permission by the authorities to set up their tents in the area of the Endless Column. a tavern is established. Contradictions and personal conflicts between the Communists from Gorj and those from Craiova save the Column’s Park from being parceled out. the request is not approved by the State Committee for City Building and Architecture.urban public works indispensable for the city. Some party activists even throw two chairs into the waters of the Jiu River .” The reason why the Column hasn’t been demolished is unknown. 1956. The miners organize competitions and challenge themselves to move the chairs as far as they can from the Sculptural Ensemble. the following: “More critical is the fact that the Târgu-Jiu City Council abolished the park area of the Endless Column. and parceled it out to the citizens in exchange for expropriated lands from the neighborhood situated to the south of the tubular area.” The severity lies in the fact that the City Council didn’t take into account the previous decree through which the abolishment of the park was forbidden. Fortunately. The world does not understand the purpose of the artistic pieces and the sculptures are called stones. some of the miners drop and chip them.

The monographs of Brâncuși start to appear. V. Surprisingly. engineer Ștefan Georgescu Gorjan. At the hundred-year celebration of the birth of the sculptor. succeed in persuading the party to organize an international symposium at Târgu Jiu. the funeral column undergoes a re-metallization under the coordination of its technical director.G. the second re-metallization takes place.G. During 1975-1976. another re-metallization will take place In 1984. an official recognition plaque is installed with an endorsement in Romanian. the water does not flow because the base was filled by the workers with concrete. Tretie Paelolog. who is released from prison at this time. V. Barbu Brezianu. Micu Marc. Ștefan Georgescu Gorjan and Dr. and Ștefan Georgescu Gorjan. . ……………………………………………………………………………………………… Between 1965 -1966. Form 5 Released from prison. they bore a hole in the module at the base of the monument. In 1976. friends of Brâncuşi. INCERC (the National Institute for Building Research) allows the re-metallization of the Column under the guidance and direct supervision of engineer Ștefan Georgescu Gorjan. curiosity drives the Communists to study the composition of the Column and. ……………………………………………………………………………………………… At the entrance to the Endless Column’s Park. Paleolog starts the battle for the vindication of Brâncuși in România. Paleolog. Russian and French. with the excuse of wanting to make an outlet water flow. In 1964.All of Constantin Brâncuși’s friends are arrested: Petre Pandrea.

After many failed attempts. ……………………………………………………………………………………………… Admiring Brâncuşi’s monuments. one experiences the feeling that space breeds from them. The young architect. In 1974. appointed head of cultural administration in Gorj who will become an important follower of Brâncuşi. listens to “Europa liberă” radio and to Rock music. Alexandru Teofil Magoş. Youth yearn for freedom. The Assembly and the two parks are renovated thanks to a young communist intellectual. Brâncuşi worships space. Here. and his friend. he succeeds in imigrating to Venzuela. submits a project to Ceauşescu different from those of the communist regime. and liberation. Its flour is white. In the same period the civic center is architecturally enhanced. Ion Mocioi. emotion. Aurel Antonie. because his sculptures express detachment. Hence. the Assembly from Târgu Jiu benefits from clemency and tolerance. the kitsch resulting from ideological improvisations is blended with authentic manifestations that miraculously escape censorship. Milu Udrea. The cultural blossoming offers people a gateway to Europe . The Table of Silence ( in Romanian: Masa Tăcerii) is a flour mill of life. In Târgu Jiu.In the middle of the 1970’s. like the snows of wisdom. The time which flows from it is as infinite as the lives from the here and now collected with the lives of the Afterlife. . wears braids and flared pants and admires the occidental Beat generation. cultural values lie under the mass phenomenon “Ode to Romania ”. but also to those who were sacrificed and died in battles. that they emit an energy which seems to lead us to a condition of zero-gravity. the studio technician Alexandru Sahia is charged with casting a documentary about Brâncuşi’s monument. It belongs equally to all of us. trips for children are organized. an event organized on a national scale. The same happens to a young writer from Jiu. He is refused and bears the adversity of the regime.

AN ENERGOBT PRODUCTION – 2012 AN ARTISTIC DOCUMENTARY FILM BY HORIA MUNTENUŞ FIFTY-FIVE YEARS SINCE CONSTANTIN BRÂNCUŞI’S DEATH (FEBRUARY 19. The Heroes’ Path ( in Romanian: Calea Eroilor) is a funeral monument. with carnal passions and solemnity – the arch of triumph of the pure ones. The souls float about the church for the farewell ritual and then head to the funeral pillar .MARCH 16.the ascension scale. It is the story. a memorial conceived by Brâncuşi as a path. HOBIȚA . with a glance. like a hope chest. 1957. the Monumental Assembly in Târgu Jiu from 1936 until our days. confessions and undiscovered documents. Form 6 SYNOPSIS The documentary film THE HEROES’ PATH – THE HISTORY OF A MASTERPIECE covers the history of Brâncuşi’s sculptural masterpiece. 1876. like a wingbeat of the Holy Spirit.Jacob’s Ladder . throughout different regimes. like a flight. Its architrave. of the most outstanding symbol of Romania illustrated in photographic images. From west to east. The path is like a current. It is an innovative approach to the only public-space monument created by Constantin Brâncuși – a monument which has withstood the test of time despite the contempt of history. a pilgrimage for the souls of those fallen in battle. PARIS) PART I . often sad and morbid.Passing through the Gate of The Kiss (in Romanian: Poarta Sărutului) we experience a transition towards a portal of being. is propped on the two pillars of Genesis: man and his woman. It is the portal of tradition.

MIRCEA SUCHICI. FLORIN RAUL MARIAN Head of Production . just like I met him while he was working hypnotically on this film. CRISTIAN CIOMU. VIORELA GROFU.CONSTANTIN BRÂNCUȘI “THE ENDLESS COLUMN OF CONSTANTIN BRÂNCUȘI REPRESENTS THE AXIS MUNDI OF MODERN ART. investigating the offense in 1996 against the Endless Column and against the other monuments from Târgu-Jiu left in legacy by Constantin Brâncuşi. made holy by birds.Chapter I – The GENESIS (76 minutes) Chapter II – The GUIDE (45 minutes) PART II Chapter III – The SACRILEGE (65 minutes) Chapter IV – YEAR 2000.AUREL MARIAN Montage . GEORGE DRÃGHESCU.HORIA MUNTENUS “YOU ARE UNAWARE OF THE LEGACY I LEFT TO YOU!” . COSMIN BREHUȚÃ. MILLENIA CROSS (34 minutes) Chapter V – BETWEEN MOMENTS (36 minutes) Screenplay with commentary directed by – HORIA MUNTENUS Narrator’s voice . ȘTEFAN POPESCU.VASILE TOMOIAGÃ Music . CRISTIAN NAUM. NUCU PANDREA.” (SIDNEY GEIST) “I am honored to state about Horia Muntenus that he dwells under the spell of heaven. DELIA CRÃCIUN CONSTANTIN ISTICI accompanied by the ENSAMBLE “SOMEȘUL NAPOCA” CAST – NICU PANDREA. .

The Endless Column expresses this serene feeling and also the determination of the spirit: that’s why the man was given a spine: to keep his back straight and his forehead in the heaven’s azure – Horia Muntenus. full of pranks and flagrant inaccuracies.” Alex Gregora. Varia is sumptuous. Sidney Geist considered that “what is written in this book is so whopping that it cannot be compared with another. to prevent its destruction. just like in this film. weights five kg.” On his arrival in Târgu Jiu. and then in Paris by the famous Gallimard Publishing House in 1989 – a book considered by some critics to be full of fanciful suppositions. Radu Varia takes on a messianic initiative for the salvation of Constantin Brâncuși’s Assembly from Târgu Jiu.”Gorjnews”. Dali dedicates a poem to Varia. The poem is published in the collection “Brâncuși” in New York by Rizzoli Publishing in 1986. 2012. without bringing any serious contribution to the work of Brâncuși. was born in Iasi in 1940 with French citizenship. and from a scientific point of view is null. He befriends Salvador Dali. However. Eric Shanes stated: “the book of Radu Varia is ridiculous and I gave it a rough review in the magazine <<Apollo>> in September 1988. I am indignant by the way this impostor intends to deceive the world. has many reproductions. and its effect is paralyzing.And those birds. with serenity. Brâncuşi’s follower Ionel Jianu stated that “the work of Mr. when I classified it as intellectually worthless”. to fly. In 1972.” Also. being too big. is not tractable. with whom he collaborated in 1974 and managed to open the Theater and the museum Dali in Figueras. Top of Form 1 Radu Varia. invited him. . February 16. He received a degree in Philology from the University of Bucuresti and a doctorate in Art and Civilization History from the University of Paris. owner of many art stores in New York.

in that year as in the following ones. During 1990-1998. 1992. signs a protocol with the local authorities in Târgu-Jiu.On the TV show “Wide-awakeness” (in Romanian: “Starea de veghe”) on July 31. segment by segment. who was married to soprano Mariana Nicolescu. Radu Varia. 127/1992. he confesses: “my father told me eight years ago while I was in Paris :<< it is written in the press that the Endless Column will fall. The Endless Column is to be demolished module by module and sent for restoration to laboratories in the West. On February 28. through the foundation of a subsidiary of this organization in Bucuresti. Radu Varia persuades the Parliament to grant Law no. The Saints Apostles church is to be taken off the axis through displacement or through demolition.” The foundation “will hold actions in Romania with the purpose of restoration. . the Stolojean government.” Through pressure. enhancement and preservation of Brâncuși’s Monumental Assembly from Târgu-Jiu. through which he is re-empowered to restore and preserve the Heroes’ Path Assembly. local administrations and the current president of the Republic to adhere to and approve the project of restoration of THE HEROES’ PATH Monumental Assembly. which abolishes Târgu-Jiu municipality‘s ownership of the Assembly. because I am sure that nobody would want to venture in such a risky battle. >>” Indeed. established on the strength of the Donation Act from 1938. channel Prima TV. Form 8 On May 26. persuades the Romanian official authorities. Think a little bit whether you can do something about this. in order to be transported for <<heavy repair>> in the United States of America. 1998. the media writes insane ads regarding the imminent fall of the Endless Column and suggests its “removal. including politicians of the time. Radu Varia. 281. 1994. authorizes “the functioning within the territory of Romania of <<The International Foundations Constantin Brâncuși >> private practice of law belonging to Radu Varia. through Decree no.

1995. the Minister of Culture. Marin Sorescu. Ion Mocioi declares to the daily Gorjanul that “as a consequence of the cutting of trees in the Central Park of Târgu Jiu. and later it is discovered that the file has been destroyed. after the dissolution of Constantin Brâncuşi Complex. Actually. the National Cultural Complex Constantin Brâncuşi. 1995. gives a green light to the project of Radu Varia. Radu Varia assumes it can only be the result of a media campaign of denigration against the National Cultural Complex “Constantin Brâncuşi” in Târgu Jiu and against the minister of Culture. In fact. On June 7. on June 5. who firmly opposed Radu Varia‘s project. which gives him the authority to get involved in the restoration of the Assembly. Brâncuşi’s Monument should have gone to the city hall. Form 9 In 1992. According to the donation letter from 1938.” The investigation opened by the Prosecution ends. In this accident four chairs from the Alley are damaged. and other two chairs were chipped in the night when the accident occurred”. the poet Marin Sorescu is dismissed from the function of Head of the Ministery of Culture and in his place the painter Viorel Mărginean is appointed who. with the occassion of his visit to Târgu Jiu. the alienation of Varia’s Foundations from the restoration plan of the Endless Column is planned by the poet Marin Sorescu and supported by the poet Nicolae Diaconu. but the mayor Victor Murea. . Marin Sorescu. 1995. in questionable haste. with the permission of Andrei Pleșu (as minister of Culture) abolishes. an accident is feigned in the Central Park of Târgu Jiu. halving it. starts an institution in Târgu Jiu. the National Heritage Act. three chairs were broken in half and a fourth was chipped. on July 25. Under the circumstances. one of the trees collapsed on a chair.Furthermore. But Ion Mocioi explains clearly and rather hilariously that the “vibrations made from the fall of some of the trees that were cut highlight the hidden cracks of a few pieces. the Parliament. Consequently. the director of the Constantin Brâncuşi Centre.

to eradicate the National Cultural Complex „Constantin Brâncuşi”. whose chief adviser he was. the president of Romania arrives in Târgu Jiu accompanied by the senator Vasile Văcaru. the monuments are left without protection. and to dismiss from the function of chief adviser of the Inspectorate for Culture in Gorj. Viorel Mărgineanu. he will commence preparations for the restoration of the assembly. During the symposium in Targu Jiu. 1996 a new accident is planned. On October 3. it is decided to demolish the Endless Column. Nicolae Diaconu. The accident accelerates the preparations for beginning the restoration work and the Commission of Historical Monuments approves urgently the project Varia. So. As a consequence of the dissolution of the National Cultural Complex Constantin Brancusi. according to the decree 72/12 February 1996. assuring them that the “subject Varia is under control”. based on article 25 in Law no. Radu Varia assures Brâncuşi followers that with the coming of warmer weather. Despite the six-seven files representing fraud and damages caused by him during 1991-1994 to the budget of the Inspectorate of Culture. the Table of Silence and three stools from the Alley of Chairs are damaged by unknown perpetrators through impact with an alloy. On this ocassion.” The press release states the statement: “That the person in question ordered the Column’s disassembling without legal authorization.observing the shadyness of the whole business. but the press does not publish it. organized with the purpose of celebrating 120 years since the birth of Constantin Brancusi. and the reason why Marin Sorescu dismissed him from the function in July 1994”. by the minister of Culture. the daily “Ora” publishes a press release from the County Police Inspectorate of Gorj that announces the prosecution’s opening statement against architect Sion “for executing the statutory offense regarding authorization to build. 1997.125/1996. In February 1996. At the end of March. the obedient Ion Sandu is reappointed to the function. refuses to sign the readmission Protocol for the administration of the Monumental Assembly THE HEROES’ PATH.” . and by Radu Varia. Then the followers sign a protest and submit it to the President of Romania and to the central press.

Through this permit the exclusive restoration of the monument is allowed. but rather. on the strength of which the County Hall of Târgu-Jiu issues building permit no. Varia starts arranging the building site that is indispensable for the restoration of the Column. the governors support and sustain the destructive project.M. C. But then notwithstanding the many controversies and illegalities surrounding Radu Varia. the investigation drags on and the record is again destroyed. 319/19 August. In collaboration with Citex Company from Targu Jiu. including which includes its disassembly. its restoration in situ. Based on the results of the investigation.I. the liability will also be extended to other involved persons.N. the law is revoked and the necessary documentation is set. Top of Form 6 .” Despite the promising start. authorizes the replacement of the propping pillar of the Endless Column’s modules on the condition that it hasn’t been demounted already. as expected. Form 10 In May 1996. The decision is taken without the slightest conducting analysis on the central pillar. RENEL offers the money necessary for the restoration. But he has not organized a prior bid for the designation of the company which will effect the arrangement of the building site. In the same period. the minister of Culture rejects the restoration project offered by the Electricity Autonomous Administration-RENEL and signed by engineer Doina Frumuselu.Subsequently. Along with the project. and everything transpires in such a questionable haste that the press makes no mention of it. 1997. The project proposed by RENEL does not include the removal of the Column.

signals that a little stone in the way can cause great wain to overturn. and a national conscience of an authentic School of Brâncuşi to awaken. he is forced to bear the distress of an incurable disease and of Radu Varia‘s opposition. For the first time. . Viorel Dumitrescu. Nicolae Diaconu. and organizes symposiums and debates with international audiences to focus public attention on Brâncuşi and on his masterpiece. Marielle Tabart. 2005. not quite robust. 1947. Doina Lemny. Jonathan Wood. The Foundation “Constantin Brâncuşii” edits the cultural magazine “Brâncuşi”. Supporting himself and the top cultural and research personalities of Brâncuşi. along with scholars from Romanian and the West preoccupied with the life and work of the great sculptor: Nina Stãnculescu. Pavel Șușarã. Matei Stârcea Crãciun. Romanian and foreign scholars unite to debate the rehabilitation and preservation of the Assembly in Targu Jiu and to decipher the ensemble’s meanings and value. in a Hellenistic Hall. a graduate of philology from Cluj and a Neo-Expressionist poet for the magazine Echinox. Nicolae Diaconu. who is known for his cultural tenacity. Sanda Tãtãrãscu Negropontes. Doina Frumușelu. and against the press and public opinion. Târgu-Jiu becomes a true European capital with events dedicated to Brancusi’s research. Zenovie Cârlugea. Born on November 12. Horia Muntenus. Ioan Viorel Bãdicã. Gheorghe Grigurcu. Eric Shanes. Isabelle Monod-Fontaine. Dumitru Daba and Nicolae Diaconu and reunites with them in Targu Jiu. Grigore Zmeu. spreading creative energies of resistance against the many pressures Radu Varia exercised against the Gorj administration. Nadia Marcu Pandrea. Sorana Georgescu Gorjean. Constantin Zãrnescu. Runa Petringenaru. in situ.At the beginning. in Ticleni. Serge Fauchereau. Gorj County. gets himself noticed by firmly opposing the project of Radu Varia. Nicolae Diaconu mobilizes the multitude of Brâncuşi followers in Romania and abroad. In the end he is struck down. Vasile Blendea. Ioana Dinulescu. against the Romanian Government. Vasile Vasiescu. compounding the efforts of Romanian specialists. Sidney Geist. Radu Bogdan. Cecilia Latiș. dying on July 26. During 1996-2000. But the appearance of a man. in the end. and books by Brancusi scholars. He manages to form and consolidate a true army and. For eight years during these battles. Lucian Gruia Andrei Paleolog. the battle of Radu Varia for the Endless Column seems to be anticipated. Diaconu calls on the support of Barbu Brezianu. Ion Pogorilovschi. to ensure the restoration of the Endless Column in the country.

In my soul. the tranquil passion and the serene stuborness with which he had to fight for the security and secure rehabilitation of Brâncuşi’s Monumental Aseembly cannot be underestimated. assumed and especially applied for many years. in the year 2000. I will always burn a candle for Nicolae Diaconu. where a common effort to alter the personality of this country between two jaws of ridicule is made. The firmness of mind. He knew how to combine the most powerful energies and the most wellknown names to serve the work of the greatest sculptor of Gorj. The tenacity with which he fought to extend the culture in Târgu Jiu cannot be forgotten as well.The obituary written by the sculptor Vlad Ciobanu states: “We often hear the affirmation that nobody is irreplaceable. With the same courage and with the same calm determination. and with an ardent and reliable calm. tenacity. he fought with a cruel disease. where misery has been installed and good has been forgotten. Maybe this is true in another planet where rules have been clear. . Nicolae Diaconu was just such a respectable personality in Târgu Jiu. where people are so disoriented. He believes that maybe his great victory can also be a eulogy for this scholar and art historian and sometimes close friend of Salvador Dali. He made an icon of Constantin Brâncuşi and his work. He has been for so long the fire from Gorj’s cultural hearth and will remain a benchmark for all Brâncuşi’s commentators and art lovers. Radu Varia. and forgives the excesses of poisonous surealism manifest in his desire to demolish the Column. He imagines that Varia has involuntarily borrowed from the arrogance and from the megalomania of the great art genius. Salvador Dali. In our world. at the end of his life Nicolae Diaconu decides to forgive his detractor. where fast-food and musical kitch are common phenomena. which he polished with modesty.” After the triumph of justice and the success of the Column’s restoration from The Milenia Cross. to a table of silence. I am sure that when he ascends to heaven. the personality has and should have an enhanced role. he will be embraced by Constantin Brâncuşi himself. contamined by a Cyclopean adventure.

The two fiece enemies say to each other. on the Day of the Holy cross in the Orthodox calendar. Forever. now in the position of two great camarades. . the building of the Endless Column starts under the supervision of Constantin Brâncuşi. 1937. the day of the Holy Cross. Form 13 Access to the excavation site of the Column in Târgu Jiu isn’t allowed even for Brâncuși specialists. Radu Varia demands with no authorization the demolition of modules sixteen and seventeen of the Column. all the modules are disassembled from the axis without authorization. 1996. Between October 28 to November 1. During this brutal dismantling. On September 14. Ion Sandală. Bottom of Form 4 On September 14. the fixing metal struts are destoyed and a few modules are cracked. how can you take apart the Infinite without destroying yourself? Radu Varia knows his opponent and perhaps realizes that Nicolae Diaconu’s lesson from the end of the his’s life defines him after all. based on a protocol concluded between him and the culture territorial chief inspector in Gorj County.In fact. adieu.

In August 12. Ion Caramitru. which raises a question of a juridical and moral nature. visits the building site of the Column and concludes that "the demolition of the Column was an immense error made by Radu Varia and the former government".” . This is what is written in the letter: the disassembling of the Column was not necessary. 1997.a function that he is not qualified for . Bogdan Vancea. affecting the resistant structure of the Column.Between the 13th and the 16th of March. The Column was locked in the bedrooms of Mister Varia with seven bolts. 1997. visits the Column’s building site and notices that "some barbaric excavations were made at the base of it. C. the pillar is covered with foil.” After the visit. In this article. to the Prime-Minister and to the Minister of Culture. Stanescu one of the most famous reporters of the newspaper of "Adevarul". an expert in Brâncuși's work. Also. The foundation of the piller was scrached by the claws of the excavator. the steel pillar is not appropriately anchored and is moving to and fro when the winds blows. “Adevărul” publishes an article written by Sidney Geist. the administration of the monument is handed over to a private foundation.which has proved to be the biggest threat that the Column has ever faced. which causes condensation. Form 14 In July 1997. he demands the removal of Radu Varia “from the position of unique person in charge of the restoration . emphasizes "the inexplicably rude manner in which a few foreign specialists. are received in Târgu-Jiu.” On October 30. 1997. accompanied by a team of experts. a brutal intervention was made upon the sixteenth module. bringing attention to a series of negative conclusions. chief inspector of the Ministry of Construction and Public Works. the participants of the symposium address a letter to the President. who came to see the wreckage of the Column. on the occasion of the symposium “a double requiem is commemorated: 40 years since the death of the sculptor and almost 6 months since the demolition of the Column.” Similarly. the Minister of Culture.

.” ....... declares in a press conference that "the team Varia had other interests and that the restoration of the Column was not their doing........... Fifty-five million alone were spent to develop a plating project for the Column...... 1998. 1997... The company that offered the services is CITEX S..... and it had received until that moment 1.000.A.. tripling it in the Romanian banks where he deposited it.... 1998.." In addition... He is a kind of cultural playboy. If his name is mentioned among competent Brâncuşi followers. an open ditch was noticed in which the river water gathered... Ion Mocioi again comes to public attention with a disclosure published in „Gorjeanul”: „Radu Varia received a half billion lei from the National Bank of Romania and from the Internation Bank of Religions. even though Brâncuşi insisted that it should not be coated with gold plating....... Petrică Nanu...200........ the mayor of Târgu-Jiu.... affecting the stability of the foundation...... In June 5.... the former possibility is ignored..... it can only be a practical joke... On June 29......Even though a manual excavation isn’t that expensive compared to the sums of money needed to pay for a mechanical excavation.................... ……………. Form 15 On December 3.000 lei......” The International Council for Science denies Radu Varia’s professionalism... Eric Shanes states that he „has no competence.. we find out from the daily "Gorjeanul” that work crane services from the building site cost 30 milion lei per month.......... neither with restoration projects nor in the domain of art history......... He used this money for self-interest..” ……………………………………………………………………………………………… In the press it is announced that the amount of money spent on the demolition of the Column is six billion lei.....

The fire brigade captain declares that the fire might have been set from a candle. In the Report it is stated that „the solution to change some of the original elements is wrong because the purpose of restoration is to preserve as much as possible the authentic elements in situ. 1998. the weekly „Obiectivul gorjean” reports a fire at the Saints Apostles church. The specialist is known as the Pearl of the Desert. 1999. The UNESCO report from December 1998 approves the restoration of the project.2 million is intended for the restoration of the Assembly. 1999.2 million that the Romanian State is obliged to add. The engineer Virgil Călea. convinced by the professionalism of Doina Frumuşelu’s documentation in restoration and corrosion. ……………………………………………………………………………………………… . the Endless Column stands once again. Ion Caramitru. is brought to attend and repair the PUMA helicopters belonging to the American army. The pressures on the Romanian State continue. The act of a mischievous person is not excluded. The restoration work comes to the company Turbomecanica. suspends the rights of Radu Varia to deal with the restoration of the Column and organizes the restoration.On the day of December 29. plus the 1. Old Monuments Found releases an amount of 600 thousands dolars and <<American Express>> contributes to this project with 5 million dollars over a period of 5 years. a loan agreement is announced by which 5 milions dollars is lent. 2000. produced during the night between January 31 and February 1. On February 6. Almost half of this amount (2.” In 1999. Minister of Culture. ……………………………………………………………………………………………… On December 14.” In January 1999. from the United Arab Emirates. and by the resistance of the Romanian and foreign followers of Brâncuşi coordinated by Nicolae Diaconu against Radu Varia. His team has been working day and night like a true special service. by the visit of UNESCO specialists.

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