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THE FVE PILLARS OF ISLAM.

Ashadu anna Muhammadan Rasūlullāh – 2 times
1. Bare witness (Kalimatu-Shahadah) Hayya a’las-Salāh - 2 times
Ashhadu an la ilaha ill-Allah, wa ashhadu anna Hayya a’lal Falāh - 2 times
Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa Rasuluhu. Qad qamati-s-salāh - 2 times
“I bear witness that there is no god but Allah, and I bear Allāhu Akbar - 2 times
witness that Muhammad is His Servant and Messenger.” Lā ilāha ill-Allāh - 1 times
2. pray the five daily prayers (Salāt),
3. fast the month of Ramadan (Sawm), God is Greatest, God is Greatest,
4. give poor due (Zakat) I assert that there is no god but Allah,
5. perform the pilgrimage to Makkah (Hajj). I assert that Muhammad is the Messenger of God,
Allah Almighty has ordered us to perform Fard of the five Come to the prayer,
daily prayers and Muhammad (s) recommended for us to Come to salvation,
perform the Sunnah prayers. Stand for prayer
SOME CONDITIONS FOR THE PRAYERS God is Greatest, God is Greatest,
1. To have clean body, clothes, and place where prayer There is no god but Allah
is to be established. 2. Perform wudu’ (ablution), and/or if needed, NIYYAH (intention to pray)
perform ghusul (ritual bath) 3. appropriately dressed, 4. perform Nawaytu an usalliya lillâhi ta'âla salâta_________
prayer (salāt) on time. 5. face towards Qiblah (Ka’aba). 6. make adâan mustaqbil al-qiblati, Allâhu Akbar.
intention for specific prayer. “I intend to pray ___________ in the name of Allah,
WUDU’ (Ablution): turning to the Qiblah, God is Greates.
Before performing the prayer, we must make intention wudu’: In the blank space we have to add a specific salât. For an example: if
I am intending to take wudu’ to purify myself and prepare we want to pray FAJR, we have to add “sunnati-l-fajri” or “fardi-l-
for the prayer, seeking Allah’s nearness. fajri”. For DHUHR we will add “sunnati-dhuhrii, fardi-dhuhri or sun-
1. Wash both of your hands up to your wrists. Make sure that the water goes sunnati-dhuhri. For ASR we’ll add sunnati-l-‛asri or fardil-‛asri. For
between your fingers (3 times), 2. Take water into your mouth three times, MAGHRIB we’ll add fardi-l-maghribi or sunnati-l-maghribi, and for
using your ’ISHA we’ll add sunnati-l-`išāi, fardi-l-‘išāi, sun-sunnati-l-‘išāi or
right hand. Rinse your mouth well each time before spitting out the water (3 salāte-l-witri.
times), There are 6 parts of the prayer: 1. Beginning Takbir, 2.
3. Take water slightly up into your nostrils by sniffing, once again three Standing, 3. Reciting of the Qur’an, 4. Bowing (ruku’), 5. Prostrating
times, using (sajdah), 6. Final sitting at the end of prayer.
your right hand (3 times), 4. Bring your two hands together and use a
Standing, reciting, bowing, prostrating and sitting makes
handful
of water to wash your face three times from your forehead to the bottom of
one Raka’at.
your chin, and then along the sides up to your ears (3 times), 5. Wash your
HERE’S HOW TO EASILY PERFORM THE PRAYER:
right and left arms, each up to your elbow (3 times), 7. Wet your right
1. Takbir (Allahu Akbar)
hand, and wipe at least one fourth of your head with it (1 time), 8. Wipe the
After making the intention for specific prayer, men raise their hands
nape and the sides of your neck with the back of your wet hands, 9. Wet
with their palms facing the Qiblah (forward) tumbs touching the
your hands and wipe the inside of your ears with the tips of the little finger, earlobes. Women raise their hands in the same motion positioning
and wipe the back of your ears from bottom to top with your thumbs (1 them at their shoulder level. Both then say the beginning takbir
time) and 10. Wash both feet, starting with the right one, including the (Allahu Akbar).
ankles, with the help of your left hand. Make sure that the water goes 2. and 3. Standing in the prayer (Qiyam) and reciting the
between your toes. (three times). Qur’an
Your wudu’ will be annulled if: bowel movement or urinate, if we We stand calmly and humbly (reciting the Qur’an) looking at the spot
bleed any amount of blood or puss. If we fall asleep, vomit or pass where our forehead will touch on sajdah. Our feet are 10 inches
gas. apart and our right hand is over the left; men hold their hands at
IQAMAH (recited before Fard prayer – only for men) their belly button and women hold their hands on their chest.
Allāhu Akbar - 4 times
Ashadu an lā ilāha ill-Allāh – 2 times

al-Fatiha and one surah. al-Fatiha and surah. In the name of Allah. that is. . and then Guide us to the straight path. Utmost High is Your Grandeur. and then we raise both hands as in the A`ūdhu billāhi mina-sh-shaytāni-r-rajīm beginning of prayer reciting the Takbir and we also recite the Kunut Bismillahir-Rahmanir-Rahim Du’a. a moment and say: “Rabbana laka-l-hamd”. we recite: the most Merciful “Subhana rabbiya-l-‘azim”. (Amin!) the completion of the recitation of the Qur’an.” Bismillāhir-Rahmānir-Rahīm. * While standing on the second raka’at (unit) in all the prayers. First we fall on the groud with our knees. Basmala. surah. Al-Falaq. He begets not. wa lā ilāha ghayruka. Iyyaka na’abudu wa iyyaka Bowing down in such a manner that the head and the hips are on nasta’in. (Who is) the Unique One of Absolute Oneness. say takbir and perform the sajdah (prostration). we only recite Subhanaka basmala and al-Fatiha. Al-Kawthar. I seek refuge in Allah from the Satan. Ruku’: bowing in the prayer. After this recitation we The Master of the Day of Judgment. Ar-Rahmnanir-Rahim. In the name of Allah the most Gracious the most Merciful “Allahumma rabbana atina fi-d-dunya hasanatan wa Surah Al-Fatiha fil-akhireti hasanatan wakina azaba-n-nar. In the name of Those who haven’t learned Kunut du’a can recite: Allah. etc) For an example: Surah Al-Ikhlas Bismillāhir-Rahmānir-Rahīm. Qul huwa-llahu ahad. then we pause for The All-Merciful. You alone do we worship. which is the same as and there is no the second raka’at. we get up and begin the second raka’at. al-Fatiha. Blessed is Your same as in the beginning of each prayer. we recite: Isti’adha and Basmala Basmala. Name. O Allah! Praise is to You. Al-hamdu-lillahi Rabbil ‘alamin 4. not the path of we recite: those who “Subhana rabbiyal-a’ala” three times. Allahus-Samad. Isti’adha. we recite: Basmala. wa tabāra * While standing on the third raka’at of sunnah in ‘Asr and ‘Isha. * While standing on the third and fourth raka’at of sunnah in Dhuhr. we recite: “Sami’ Allahu liman hamidah”. Lam yalid wa lam yulad. between our palms we lower our forehead and nose. God – (God is He Who is) the Eternally-Besought-of-All (Himself is in no need of anything). we perform the second sajdah. In the name of Allah the most Gracious ruku’. recite: Subhanaka. and from You alone do we seek 5. Sajdah: prostration to God help. wa ta’ālā jadduka. we kasmuka. the accursed. al-Fatiha and one surah. Having completed who are astray. doing same nor those prostration. Ihdinas-Siratal Mustaqim. (Your Glory is very High5). While performing In the name of Allah. the Lord of the worlds. “Subhānaka Allāhumma wa bi hamdika. God but You. Coming back to the standing All praise and gratitude are for God.” * While standing on the third raka’at of salât-al-witr. an equal level. we recite basmala. Wa lam yakullahu kufuwan ahad. Whoever for whatever reason And comparable to Him there is none. nor is He begotten. Standing in the prayer we call Qiyam. Surah of your choice: (Al-Ikhlas. Maliki Yawmid-Din. Siratalladhina an ’amta ‘alayhim. position. Reciting the Takbir we come have incurred (Your) wrath (punishment and condemnation).” cannot stand can perform the prayer sitting on the chair. the All-Compassionate. from the sajdah into a sitting position and then. * In the first reka’at we always recite: * While standing on the third and fourth raka’at. act that is done from the standing position upon Ghayril maghdubi ‘alayhim walad-dâllin. (Amin!) sajdah. While on sajdah The path of those whom You have favored. In the name of Allah the most Gracious the most Merciful Say: “He – (He is) God. “Glorified are You. three times. then our palms.

Wa min sharrin-naffa-thati fil-‘uqad. Surely You are All-Praiseworthy. Ibrahim. to be performed in congregation on Friday in place of the noon “O my Allah! Send mercy to the Prophet Muhammad and to prayer (dhuhr). Say: “I seek refuge in the Lord of the daybreak. The sunnah prayer of four raka’at s prayed just like the four Glorious. Fasalli li Rabbika wanhar. Salawat Say: “I seek refuge in the Lord of the humankind.” SELECTION OF SHORT SURAHS: 1 Akhir-i Dhuri is prayed in case Salat al-Jumu’ah is not accepted (in absence of the Surah Al-Kawthar Khalifa) . a female. sharri hasidin idha hasad. And from the evil of the Ash’hadu an la ilaha ill’Allah. the All-Merciful. Allahu Akbar. I bear witness that there is no god but Allah. Muhammad is His slave and messenger. And I wasil-khan-nas. the All-Merciful. Afte every second raka’at and at the end of the prayer we sit on our Inna a’atayna kal-Kawthar. Qu a’udhu bi Rabbil-falaq. min al-jinnati wan- bear witness that nas. Peace be upon us and on the Bismillâhir-Rahmânir-Rahîm. “Salawats” and “Du’a” and at the end we Bismillâhir-Rahmânir-Rahîm. family of Muhammad as You have blessed Abraham and the 2. Glorious. Who whispers ‘ala Ibrahima wa ‘ala ali Ibrahima innaka hamidun majid. min sharril was- Allah. Surely You are All.6. hipbones while placing both of the feet out on the right side.” raka’ats of sunnah in Dhuhr prayer. the All-Compassionate. the All-Compassionate. Min sharri ma khalaq. alladhi yuwaswisu fi sudurin-nas. As-salamu ‘alayka ayyu hannabiyyu wa Rahmatullahi wa In the name of God. Malikin-nas. On the unceasinggood. Among jinns and among men.” and the mercy Surah An-Nas and blessings of Allah. including posterity). Greeting is to thee.” Allahuma barik ‘ala Muhammadin wa ‘ala ali Muhammad. Tashahhud: sitting during the prayer Bismillahi-r-Rahmani-r-Rahim. In the qa’da al-akhirah (last sitting). O Prophet evil of the envious one when he envies. Surely it is the one who offends you who is cut off (from Prayers which have 3 or 4 raka’ats will have 2 sittings. delivers a sermon. The Deity of humankind. kama Sovereign of humankind. Wa min sharri At-Tahiyyat ghasiqin idha waqab. From the As-Salamu ‘alayna wa ‘ala ‘ibadillahis-salihin.Wa min At-tahiyyatu-lillahi-was’salawatu-wat-tayyibatu. as You have granted mercy to 4 raka’at sunnah (sunnatil-jumu’ati). All. and sits on it while propping up the right foot with the toes We have surely granted you (unceasing) abundant good. barakatuhu. The Allahumma salli ‘ala Muhammadin wa ‘ala ali Muhammad. huwal-abtar. After the first four sunnah raka’at. righteous slaves of Qul a’udhu bi Rabbin-nas. the All-Merciful. Ilahin-nas. sits on her pray to your Lord. finish with “Salam”. 2 raka’at sunnatil-waqti – a total of 16 raka’ats. However.1 to the members of the family Ibrahim. evil of what He has created. the supplication of Tashahhud. the Muadhdhin calls the second members of Adhan and Imam goes up on the mimbar (podium) from which he the family of Ibrahim. All. So pointing to the direction of Qiblah. And from the evil of ‘abduhu wa Rasuluhu. Praiseworthy. 1. the members Salat al-Jumu’ah has 16 raka’ats: of the family of Muhammad. and sactifice (for Him in thankfulness). the witches who blow on knots (to cast a spell). into the hearts of humankind. and 4 raka’at sun-sunnah (sun-sunnatil jumu’ati). the All-Compassionate. From the sallayta evil of the sneaking whisperer (the Satan). 2 raka’at fard (fardil-jumu’ati). first sitting we only recite “at-Tahiyyat” and on the last sitting we Surah Al-Falaq recite “at-Tahiyyat”. 4 raka’at akhiri dhuhri. And from the All worship belongs to Allah. Intention is as follows: “O my Allah! Send blessings upon Muhammad and the Nawaytu an usalliyya lillahi ta’ala salata sunnati-l-Jumu’ati ada an members of the mustaqbil al-qiblati. kama SALAT AL-JUM’UAH (Friday Prayer) barakta The assembly prayer (Salat al-Jumu’ah) is obligatory (Fard) that is ‘ala Ibrahima wa ‘ala ali Ibrahima inake hamidun majid. Wa ash’hadu anna Muhammaden darkness (of night) when it overspreads. In the name of God. Inna shani’aka knees and recite “at-Tahiyyat”. a male turns his left foot in In the name of God.

iktadaytu bi hadha-l-imami. . After the congregational prayer (fard). As Imam completes the khutbah (sermon). Sunnati-l Waqti: Nawaytu an usalliyya lillahi ta’ala salata sunnati-l- waqti ada an mustaqbil al-qiblati. Allahu Akbar. Allahu Akbar. 4. Intention is as follows: Nawaytu an usalliyya lillahi ta’ala salata fardi-l-Jumu’ati ada an mustaqbil al-qiblati. Allahu Akbar. everyone individually prays the rest 10 raka’ats. Allahu Akbar. Intention for each prayer is as follows: Sun-Sunnati-l Jumu’ati: Nawaytu an usalliyya lillahi ta’ala salata sun-sunnati-l-Jumu’ati ada an mustaqbil al-qiblati. Muadhdhin recited the iqamah and attendees stands up for the congregational prayer (fard).3. Akhiri-Dhuhri: Nawaytu an usalliyya lillahi ta’ala salata akhiri- dhuhri ada an mustaqbil al-qiblati.