Answers

Part 1 Examination – Paper 1.1(INT) Preparing Financial Statements (International Stream) Section A 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 A A B D C D B A D D D C C D A D A C B D B C C A B

December 2005 Answers

17

SECTION B 1 Airn Income statement for the year ended 30 June 2005 $ Sales revenue (Working 1) Opening inventories Purchases (Working 2) less: Closing inventories Gross profit Wages Rent and general expenses (49,200 + 7,400 – 12,500 + 13,000) Depreciation: shop fittings (45,000 x 10%) motor van (22,000 x 20%) Profit on sale of van (4,500 – 4,000) Net profit Workings (1) Calculation of sales Receivables ledger total account $ 44,700 517,200 –––––––– 561,900 –––––––– (2) Calculation of purchases Payables ledger total account $ Cash paid for purchases Closing balance 316,300 24,200 –––––––– 340,500 –––––––– 320,900 13,700 –––––––– 334,600 –––––––– Opening balance Purchases $ 19,600 320,900 –––––––– 340,500 –––––––– Closing balance 48,600 –––––––– 561,900 –––––––– $ 418,200 95,100 74,000 57,100 4,500 4,400 (500) –––––––– 58,900 334,600 –––––––– 393,500 63,200 –––––––– 330,300 –––––––– 186,900 $ 517,200

139,500 –––––––– $47,400 ––––––––

Opening balance Sales

Cash banked Payments out of takings

Credit purchases Cash purchases Total purchases

18

2 2004 1 Jan Balance 30 June Cash 31 Dec Revaluation reserve

Land – cost/valuation $000 400 200 300 ––––– 900 ––––– 2004 30 Sept 31 Dec $000 100 800 ––––– 900 –––––

Disposal Balance

Buildings – cost/valuation 2004 1 Jan Balance 30 June Cash 31 Dec Revaluation reserve $000 800 500 200 ––––– 1,500 ––––– 2004 30 Sept 31 Dec $000 100 1,400 ––––– 1,500 –––––

Disposal Balance

Buildings – accumulated depreciation 2004 30 Sept Disposal 31 Dec Revaluation reserve $000 20 204 ––––– 224 ––––– 2004 1 Jan 31 Dec $000 200 24 ––––– 224 –––––

Balance Income statement depreciation 2% x 1,200

Land and Buildings – disposal 2004 30 Sept Land Buildings Income statement – profit $000 100 100 320 ––––– 520 ––––– 2004 30 Sept $000 20 500 ––––– 520 –––––

Depreciation Cash

3

Goodwill $ 260,000 –––––––– 260,000 –––––––– $ 80,000 144,000 36,000 –––––––– 260,000 ––––––––

Investment in Rye

Share capital 80% Retained earnings 80% Goodwill-retained earnings

Minority interest $ 72,000 –––––––– 72,000 –––––––– $ 20,000 52,000 –––––––– 72,000 ––––––––

Balance to CBS

Share capital 20% Retained earnings 20%

Retained earnings $ Cost of control 80% x $180,000 Goodwill Minority interest 20% Balance to CBS 144,000 36,000 52,000 508,000 –––––––– 740,000 –––––––– Balances Kye Rye $ 480,000 260,000

–––––––– 740,000 ––––––––

19

Kye group Balance sheet as at 30 September 2005 $ 780,000 –––––––– 200,000 508,000 –––––––– 708,000 72,000 –––––––– 780,000 ––––––––

Sundry net assets (420, 000 + 360,000) Share capital Retained earnings Minority interest

4

(1) The factory was in good condition at 30 June 2005, and thus the fire is a non-adjusting event according to IAS 10 Events after the balance sheet date. Details of the fire and an estimate of the loss suffered should be disclosed by note. (2) According to IAS 37 Provisions, contingent liabilities and contingent assets, contingencies such as this are to be provided for as soon as it becomes probable that a liability will arise. A provision should therefore be made for the best estimate of the loss that will arise. (3) This constitutes a ‘probable’ contingent asset under IAS 37, and thus should be disclosed by note, explaining the nature of the contingent asset and, if possible, an estimate of the financial effect. (4) It is incorrect to include the revaluation gain in the income statement, because the gain is unrealised. It should be credited to revaluation reserve and shown in the balance sheet. The gain should also be shown in the statement of changes in equity (IAS 16 Property, Plant and Equipment and IAS 1 Presentation of Financial Statements).

5

Four accounting concepts needed for full marks. Examples: (i) Accruals concept The accruals concept is that transactions are reflected in the accounting period in which they occur, rather than the period in which any cash involved is received or paid. If this concept is not followed, expenses, income, assets and liabilities are all liable to be misstated and fair presentation will not be achieved. Going concern concept The going concern concept is that financial statements should be prepared on the basis that the business will continue for the foreseeable future. If this concept is not followed, assets and liabilities, and hence income and expenses, will be distorted, except, of course, in the rare case that the business is in fact no longer a going concern.

(ii)

(iii) Prudence concept Prudence means that a degree of caution should be exercised in making estimates of figures for the financial statements, so that assets are not overstated and liabilities are not understated. If the prudence concept is not followed, fair presentation is unlikely to be achieved because assets and liabilities may be shown at unrealistic values. (iv) Neutrality Neutrality means that information in financial statements should be free from deliberate or systematic bias. If this concept is not followed, information may be presented in a misleading way and a fair presentation will not result. (v) Substance over form The legal form of a transaction may not represent the true nature of that transaction. The concept of substance over form is that, whenever legally possible, the substance or reality of a transaction should be accounted for rather than its legal form.

Other concepts considered on their merits.

20

Part 1 Examination – Paper 1.1(INT) Preparing Financial Statements (International Stream) Section B 1 Heading Sales revenue Opening inventories Purchases Closing inventories Wages Rent and general expenses Depreciation: shop fittings motor van Profit on sale of van

December 2005 Marking Scheme

1 2 1/ 2 2 1/ 2 1/ 2 2 1 1 1 ––––– 1/ 11 2 21/2 21/2 31/2 21/2 –––––

max 11

2

Land – cost/valuation Buildings – cost/valuation Buildings – accumulated depreciation Land and buildings – disposal

11

3

Goodwill Minority interest Retained earnings Heading Sundry net assets Share capital Minority interest in B/S

11/2 1 21/2 1 1 1/ 2 1/ 2 ––––– 8

4

(1) IAS 10 Non-adjusting Details in note 2 x 1/2 (2) IAS 37 Provide for

1 1 1 ––––– 3 1 1 ––––– 2 1 1 ––––– 2 1 1 1 1 ––––– 4 ––––– 11 4 8 ––––– 12

(3) IAS 37 Disclose by note 2 x 1/2 (4) IASs 16/1 Must not be in income statement Include as revaluation reserve in balance sheet Include in statement of changes in equity

max 10

5

Concepts stated explained

4x1 4x1

max 10

21

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.