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Paper 1.

1(INT)
Preparing Financial
Statements
(International Stream)

PART 1

THURSDAY 8 JUNE 2006

QUESTION PAPER

Time allowed 3 hours

This paper is divided into two sections

Section A ALL 25 questions are compulsory and MUST be


answered

Section B ALL FIVE questions are compulsory and MUST be


answered

Do not open this paper until instructed by the supervisor

This question paper must not be removed from the examination


hall

The Association of Chartered Certified Accountants


Section A – ALL 25 questions are compulsory and MUST be attempted

Please use the Candidate Registration Sheet provided to indicate your chosen answer to each multiple choice question.
Each question within this section is worth 2 marks.

1 The plant and machinery cost account of a company is shown below. The company’s policy is to charge depreciation
at 20% on the straight line basis, with proportionate depreciation in years of acquisition and disposal.

Plant and machinery - cost

2005 $ 2005 $
1 Jan Balance 280,000 30 June Transfer disposal 14,000
1 Apr Cash 48,000
1 Sept Cash 36,000 31 Dec Balance 350,000
–––––––– ––––––––
364,000 364,000
–––––––– ––––––––
What should be the depreciation charge for the year ended 31 December 2005?
A $67,000
B $70,000
C $64,200
D $68,600

2 Which of the following are correct?


1. The balance sheet value of inventory should be as close as possible to net realisable value.
2. The valuation of finished goods inventory must include production overheads.
3. Production overheads included in valuing inventory should be calculated by reference to the company’s normal
level of production during the period.
4. In assessing net realisable value, inventory items must be considered separately, or in groups of similar items,
not by taking the inventory value as a whole.
A 1 and 2 only
B 3 and 4 only
C 1 and 3 only
D 2, 3 and 4

3 A business sublets part of its office accommodation.


The rent is received quarterly in advance on 1 January, 1 April, 1 July and 1 October. The annual rent has been
$24,000 for some years, but it was increased to $30,000 from 1 July 2005.
What amounts for this rent should appear in the company’s financial statements for the year ended 31 January
2006?
Income statement Balance sheet
A $27,500 $5,000 in sundry receivables
B $27,000 $2,500 in sundry receivables
C $27,000 $2,500 in sundry payables
D $27,500 $5,000 in sundry payables

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4 A trainee accountant has prepared the following receivables ledger total account to calculate the credit sales of a
business which does not keep proper accounting records (all sales are on credit):
Receivables ledger total account

$ $
Opening receivables 148,200 Credit sales 870,800
Cash received from customers 819,300
Discounts allowed to credit customers 16,200
Irrecoverable debts written off 1,500
Returns from customers 38,700 Closing receivables 153,100
–––––––––– ––––––––––
1,023,900 1,023,900
–––––––––– ––––––––––
The account contains several errors.
What is the sales figure when all the errors have been corrected?
A $848,200
B $877,600
C $835,400
D $880,600

5 Which of the following events after the balance sheet date would normally qualify as adjusting events according
to IAS 10 Events after the balance sheet date?
1 The bankruptcy of a credit customer with a balance outstanding at the balance sheet date.
2 A decline in the market value of investments.
3 The declaration of an ordinary dividend.
4 The determination of the cost of assets purchased before the balance sheet date.
A 1, 3, and 4
B 1 and 2 only
C 2 and 3 only
D 1 and 4 only

6 Ordan received a statement from one of its suppliers, Alta, showing a balance due of $3,980. The amount due
according to the payables ledger account of Alta in Ordan’s records was only $230.
Comparison of the statement and the ledger account revealed the following differences:
1 A cheque sent by Ordan for $270 has not been allowed for in Alta’s statement.
2 Alta has not allowed for goods returned by Ordan $180.
3 Ordan made a contra entry, reducing the amount due to Alta by $3,200, for a balance due from Alta in Ordan’s
receivables ledger. No such entry has been made in Alta’s records.
What difference remains between the two companies’ records after adjusting for these items?
A $460
B $640
C $6,500
D $100

3 [P.T.O.
7 A company’s trial balance failed to agree, and a suspense account was opened for the difference.
Subsequent checking revealed that discounts allowed $13,000 had been credited to discounts received account and
an entry on the credit side of the cash book for the purchase of some machinery $18,000 had not been posted to
the plant and machinery account.
Which two of the following journal entries would correct the errors?
Debit Credit
$ $
(1) Discounts allowed 13,000
Discounts received 13,000
(2) Discounts allowed 13,000
Discounts received 13,000
Suspense account 26,000
(3) Suspense account 26,000
Discounts allowed 13,000
Discounts received 13,000
(4) Plant and machinery 18,000
Suspense account 18,000
(5) Suspense account 18,000
Plant and machinery 18,000
A 1 and 4
B 2 and 5
C 2 and 4
D 3 and 5

8 Which of the following statements about accounting concepts and conventions are correct?
(1) The money measurement concept requires all assets and liabilities to be accounted for at historical cost.
(2) The substance over form convention means that the economic substance of a transaction should be reflected in
the financial statements, not necessarily its legal form.
(3) The realisation concept means that profits or gains cannot normally be recognised in the income statement until
realised.
(4) The application of the prudence concept means that assets must be understated and liabilities must be overstated
in preparing financial statements.
A 1 and 3
B 2 and 3
C 2 and 4
D 1 and 4.

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The following information is relevant for questions 9 and 10
A company’s draft financial statements for 2005 showed a profit of $630,000. However, the trial balance did not agree,
and a suspense account appeared in the company’s draft balance sheet.
Subsequent checking revealed the following errors:
(1) The cost of an item of plant $48,000 had been entered in the cash book and in the plant account as $4,800.
Depreciation at the rate of 10% per year ($480) had been charged.
(2) Bank charges of $440 appeared in the bank statement in December 2005 but had not been entered in the
company’s records.
(3) One of the directors of the company paid $800 due to a supplier in the company’s payables ledger by a personal
cheque. The bookkeeper recorded a debit in the supplier’s ledger account but did not complete the double entry
for the transaction. (The company does not maintain a payables ledger control account).
(4) The payments side of the cash book had been understated by $10,000.

9 Which of the above items would require an entry to the suspense account in correcting them?
A All four items
B 3 and 4 only
C 2 and 3 only
D 1, 2 and 4 only

10 What would the company’s profit become after the correction of the above errors?
A $634,760
B $624,760
C $624,440
D $625,240

11 Which of the following statements are correct?


1 A company might make a rights issue if it wished to raise more equity capital.
2 A rights issue might increase the share premium account whereas a bonus issue is likely to reduce it.
3 A bonus issue will reduce the gearing (leverage) ratio of a company.
4 A rights issue will always increase the number of shareholders in a company whereas a bonus issue will not.
A 1 and 2
B 1 and 3
C 2 and 3
D 2 and 4

5 [P.T.O.
12 Which of the following statements are correct?
(1) Contingent assets are included as assets in financial statements if it is probable that they will arise.
(2) Contingent liabilities must be provided for in financial statements if it is probable that they will arise.
(3) Details of all adjusting events after the balance sheet date must be given in notes to the financial statements.
(4) Material non-adjusting events are disclosed by note in the financial statements.
A 1 and 2
B 2 and 4
C 3 and 4
D 1 and 3

13 At 1 January 2005 a company had an allowance for receivables of $18,000


At 31 December 2005 the company’s trade receivables were $458,000.
It was decided:
(a) To write off debts totalling $28,000 as irrecoverable;
(b) To adjust the allowance for receivables to the equivalent of 5% of the remaining receivables based on past
experience.
What figure should appear in the company’s income statement for the total of debts written off as irrecoverable
and the movement in the allowance for receivables for the year ended 31 December 2005?
A $49,500
B $31,500
C $32,900
D $50,900

14 The following payables ledger control account contains some errors.


All goods are purchased on credit
Payables ledger control account

$ $
Purchases 963,200 Opening balance 384,600
Cash paid to suppliers 988,400
Discounts received 12,600 Purchases returns 17,400
Contras with amounts
receivable in receivables ledger 4,200
Closing balance 410,400
–––––––––– ––––––––––
1,390,400 1,390,400
–––––––––– ––––––––––
What should the closing balance be when the errors have been corrected?
A $325,200
B $350,400
C $358,800
D $376,800

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15 What journal entry is required to record goods taken from inventory by the owner of a business?
A Debit Drawings
Credit Purchases
B Debit Sales
Credit Drawings
C Debit Drawings
Credit Inventory
D Debit Purchases
Credit Drawings

16 The following information is available about the transactions of Razil, a sole trader who does not keep proper
accounting records:
$
Opening inventory 77,000
Closing inventory 84,000
Purchases 763,000

Gross profit as a percentage of sales 30%


Based on this information, what is Razil’s sales revenue for the year?
A $982,800
B $1,090,000
C $2,520,000
D $1,080,000

17 Which of the following statements are correct?


(1) All non-current assets must be depreciated.
(2) If goodwill is revalued, the revaluation surplus appears in the statement of changes in equity.
(3) If a tangible non-current asset is revalued, all tangible assets of the same class should be revalued.
(4) In a company’s published balance sheet, tangible assets and intangible assets must be shown separately.
A 1 and 2
B 2 and 3
C 3 and 4
D 1 and 4

7 [P.T.O.
The following information is relevant for questions 18 and 19

Extracts from a company’s financial statements for 2005 are given below:

Balance sheet
as at 31 December 2005
$m

Non-current assets 90
Current assets 80
––––
170
––––

Ordinary share capital 40


Share premium account 25
Retained earnings 35
––––
100
10% Loan notes 50
Current liabilities 20
––––
170
––––

Income statement
for the year ended 31 December 2005
$m
Profit before finance costs 20
Finance costs (5)
––––
Profit before tax 15
––––

18 What is the company’s return on total capital employed?


A 20/150 = 13·3%
B 15/150 = 10%
C 20/100 = 20%
D 15/100 = 15%

19 What is the company’s return on shareholders’ equity?


A 15/40 = 37·5%
B 20/100 = 20%
C 15/100 = 15%
D 20/150 = 13·3%

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20 The following bank reconciliation statement has been prepared by an inexperienced bookkeeper at 31 December
2005.
Bank reconciliation statement
$
Balance per bank statement (overdrawn) 38,640
Add: lodgements not credited 19,270
–––––––
57,910
Less: unpresented cheques 14,260
–––––––
Balance per cash book 43,650
–––––––
What should the final cash book balance be when all the above items have been properly dealt with?
A $43,650 overdrawn
B $33,630 overdrawn
C $5,110 overdrawn
D $72,170 overdrawn

21 Which of the following items must be disclosed in a company’s published financial statements?
1 Authorised share capital
2 Movements in reserves
3 Finance costs
4 Movements in non-current assets
A 1, 2 and 3 only
B 1, 2 and 4 only
C 2, 3 and 4 only
D All four items

22 On 1 January 2005 a company purchased some plant.

The invoice showed


$
Cost of plant 48,000
Delivery to factory 400
One year warranty covering breakdown during 2005 800
–––––––
49,200
–––––––
Modifications to the factory building costing $2,200 were necessary to enable the plant to be installed.
What amount should be capitalised for the plant in the company’s records?
A $51,400
B $48,000
C $50,600
D $48,400

9 [P.T.O.
23 A business had an opening inventory of $180,000 and a closing inventory of $220,000 in its financial statements
for the year ended 31 December 2005.
Which of the following entries for these opening and closing inventory figures are made when completing the
financial records of the business?
Debit Credit
$ $
A Inventory account 180,000
Income statement 180,000
Income statement 220,000
Inventory account 220,000
B Income statement 180,000
Inventory account 180,000
Inventory account 220,000
Income statement 220,000
C Inventory account 40,000
Purchases account 40,000
D Purchases account 40,000
Inventory account 40,000

The following information is relevant for questions 24 and 25

24 On 1 January 2001 H acquired 80% of the share capital of S for $1,100,000.


The share capital and reserves of the two companies were:

At 1 January At 31 December
2001 2005
$000 $000
Share capital H 1,000 1,200
S 400 400

Retained earnings H 800 1,300


S 500 800

What was the goodwill arising on H’s acquisition of S?


A $200,000
B $780,000
C $380,000
D $880,000

25 What should the minority interest figure be in the group’s consolidated balance sheet at 31 December 2005?
A $240,000
B $80,000
C $180,000
D $140,000
(50 marks)

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Section B – ALL FIVE questions are compulsory and MUST be attempted

1 The following balances are in the accounting records of a partnership as at 31 December 2005:
$
Capital accounts Leon, as at 1 January 2005 400,000
Mark, introduced 1 July 2005 200,000

Drawings Leon 160,000


Mark 80,000

Notes
(1) Until 30 June 2005, Leon had run the business as a sole trader. Mark joined him on 1 July 2005 introducing
capital of $200,000.
(2) The following profit-sharing arrangements were agreed from that date:
(i) Both partners to receive interest on their capital account balances at 5% per year
(ii) Mark to receive a salary of $20,000 per year
(iii) Balance of profit to be shared – Leon 60%, Mark 40%.
(3) The profit for the year ended 31 December 2005 was $250,000. It was agreed that this profit had accrued one
third in the six months ended 30 June 2005 and two thirds in the six months ended 31 December 2005, except
for an irrecoverable debt of $20,000 charged in arriving at the profit which was to be regarded as occurring in
the six months ended 30 June 2005.

Required:
Prepare a statement showing the division of the profit and prepare the partners’ current accounts for the year
ended 31 December 2005.
(9 marks)

11 [P.T.O.
2 The draft financial statements of Rampion, a limited liability company, for the year ended 31 December 2005
included the following figures:
$
Profit 684,000
Closing inventory 116,800
Trade receivables 248,000
Allowance for receivables 10,000
No adjustments have yet been made for the following matters:
(1) The company’s inventory count was carried out on 3 January 2006 leading to the figure shown above. Sales
between the close of business on 31 December 2005 and the inventory count totalled $36,000. There were no
deliveries from suppliers in that period. The company fixes selling prices to produce a 40% gross profit on sales.
The $36,000 sales were included in the sales records in January 2006.
(2) $10,000 of goods supplied on sale or return terms in December 2005 have been included as sales and
receivables. They had cost $6,000. On 10 January 2006 the customer returned the goods in good condition.
(3) Goods included in inventory at cost $18,000 were sold in January 2006 for $13,500. Selling expenses were
$500.
(4) $8,000 of trade receivables are to be written off.
(5) The allowance for receivables is to be adjusted to the equivalent of 5% of the trade receivables after allowing for
the above matters, based on past experience.

Required:
(a) Prepare a statement showing the effect of the adjustments on the company’s net profit for the year ended
31 December 2005. (5 marks)

(b) Show how the adjustments affect:


(i) Closing inventory;
(ii) Receivables, showing separately the deduction of the allowance for receivables. (6 marks)

(11 marks)

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3 The summarised financial statements of Ganda for 2004 and 2005 are given below:
Balance sheets as at
Reference 31 December 31 December
to notes 2005 2004
$000 $000 $000 $000
Non-current assets: cost 1 3,400 2,100
less Accumulated depreciation (720) 2,680 (550) 1,550
–––––– ––––––
Current assets
Inventory 600 400
Receivables 1,500 1,700
Cash 80 2,180 50 2,150
–––––– –––––– –––––– ––––––
4,860 3,700
–––––– ––––––
Equity and liabilities
Ordinary share capital 900 600
Share premium account 500 320
Retained earnings 2 920 1,420 500 820
–––––– –––––– –––––– ––––––
2,320 1,420
Net current liabilities
10% loan notes 1,200 1,000

Current liabilities
Bank overdraft 140 280
Trade payables 900 800
Current tax payable 300 1,340 200 1,280
–––––– –––––– –––––– ––––––
4,860 3,700
–––––– ––––––
Notes
(1) Non-current assets that had cost $200,000 with a written down value of $60,000 were sold for $80,000 during
the year.
(2) The increase in the retained earnings is made up as follows:
$000 $000
Opening balance 500
Operating profit 1,090
less: Finance costs paid (120)
––––––
Profit before taxation 970
Income tax expense (300)
Dividends paid (250)
Retained profit for year –––––– 420
––––––
Closing balance 920
––––––

Required:
Prepare a cash flow statement for Ganda for the year ended 31 December 2005, using the format in
IAS 7 Cash flow statements.
(12 marks)

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4 (a) Explain the meaning of the term ‘working capital cycle’ for a trading company. (4 marks)

(b) Calculate the working capital cycle in days from the information below.
$000 $000
Sales (all on credit) 1,000
less: Cost of goods sold
Opening inventory 100
Purchases (all on credit) 800
––––
900
less: Closing inventory (200) 700
–––– ––––
Gross profit 300
––––
Closing receivables 250
Closing payables 150
(4 marks)

(c) State one advantage to a business of keeping its working capital cycle as short as possible.
(2 Marks)

(10 marks)

5 At 31 December 2005 the capital structure of Ambia, a limited liability company, was as follows:
$
1,000,000 ordinary shares of $1 each 1,000,000
Share premium account 200,000
Revaluation reserve 100,000
Retained earnings 50,000
The authorised share capital of the company was $1,000,000.
The directors of the company are considering the following proposals. None of them is a qualified accountant:
(a) Making a bonus issue of one ordinary share for every two held, in order to raise $500,000 for the company.
(4 marks)

(b) Paying a dividend of 10c per share (1 mark)

(c) Increasing the revaluation reserve to $300,000 by revaluing goodwill from $800,000 to $1,000,000.
(1 mark)

(d) Combining all reserves into a single figure. (2 marks)

Required:
Comment on the validity of these proposals. (The mark allocation is shown against each of the four proposals).
(8 marks)

End of Question Paper

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