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1Page

The 14th Asian Congress of


Fluid Mechanics (14 ACFM)
October 15-19, 2013, Hanoi-Halong, Vietnam









PROGRAM
and
ABSTRACTS

Organizer







Institute of Mechanics, VAST
Co-Organizer:
Vietnam Association of Fluid Mechanics









ASIAN
CONGRESS
OF
FLUID
MECHANICS

VIN C HC

The 14th Asian Congress of
Fluid Mechanics (14 ACFM)
October 15-19, 2013, Hanoi-Halong, Vietnam









PROGRAM
and
ABSTRACTS




Organizer

VIN C HC

Institute of Mechanics, VAST
Co-Organizer:
Vietnam Association of Fluid Mechanics




ASIAN
CONGRESS
OF
FLUID
MECHANICS










VIN HN LM KHOA HC
V CNG NGH VIT NAM

Ministry of Science and Vietnam Academy Vietnam Association
Technology of Vietnam of Science and Technology of Mechanics


















Premium Gold



Silver Bronzer

Under the support of
Sponsors


CONTENTS
PREFACE .......................................................................................................................................... 1
Welcome Speech of Minister of MOST of Vietnam........................................................................... 3
Welcome Message from AFMC Chairman ......................................................................................... 5
Congress Information........................................................................................................................... 6
Program................................................................................................................................................ 7
Program at a glace.......................................................................................................................... 8
Detail Program............................................................................................................................. 12
Plenary Sessions..................................................................................................................... 13
Keynote Sessions ................................................................................................................... 15
Parallel Sessions..................................................................................................................... 16
Mini-Symposiums.................................................................................................................. 45
Invited Speakers................................................................................................................................. 50
Abstracts ............................................................................................................................................ 63
Plenary Lectures........................................................................................................................... 64
Keynote Lectures ......................................................................................................................... 68
Parallel Lectures........................................................................................................................... 70
Topic: Aeroacoustics and Aerodynamics .............................................................................. 70
Topic: Boundary Layer Flows ............................................................................................... 83
Topic: Compressible Flows and Gas Dynamics .................................................................... 91
Topic: Computational Fluid Dynamics.................................................................................. 98
Topic: Environmental and Natural Fluid Mechanics........................................................... 124
Topic: Flow Control and Measurement ............................................................................... 130
Topic: Flow Induced Noise and Vibration........................................................................... 141
Topic: Flow Visualization.................................................................................................... 143
Topic: Fluid Machinery and Industrial Fluid Mechanics .................................................... 145
Topic: Geophysical Fluid Mechanics .................................................................................. 148
Topic: Heat and Mass Transfer............................................................................................ 150
Topic: Hydrodynamics and Hydraulics ............................................................................... 156
Topic: Membrane and Porous Media Flows........................................................................ 161
Topic: Micro and Nano Fluid Dynamics ............................................................................. 162
Topic: Multi-Phase and Reacting Flows.............................................................................. 166
Topic: Non-newtonian Flows .............................................................................................. 168
Topic: Unsteady Flows and Rotating Flows........................................................................ 170
Topic: and others.................................................................................................................. 176
Mini-Symposiums...................................................................................................................... 178
Mini-Symposium 1: New Energy Sources: Nuclear, Solar, Wind, Tidal and Wave ....... 178
Mini-Symposium 2: Typhoon, Tsunami, Weather Simulation and Forecast................. 180
Mini-Symposium 3: Water Resources, Flooding and Coastal Management ................. 183
Necessary Information..................................................................................................................... 192
Venue ......................................................................................................................................... 193
Scheme of Floors at Ta Quang Buu Library (HUST)................................................................ 194
Transportation............................................................................................................................ 198
Tours .......................................................................................................................................... 199

1Page
PREFACE
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics (14-ACFM) is held in
Hanoi-Halong, Vietnam under the support of the Vietnam Academy of
Science and Technology (VAST), the Ministry of Science and Technology
and the Vietnam Association of Mechanics (VAM). This congress was
successfully organized the first time in 1980 in Bangalore, India.
The fluid flows are basic processes in many industrial and natural
phenomena. Action is now required for the investigation of complex
problems, for the development of new technologies. The slogan of the
14-ACFM is Future Earth, Future Asia Research for Global
Sustainability. The main goal of the congress is to review recent progress
achieved in the field of fluid mechanics to facilitate the exchange of results
and hold discussions on major fluid flow problems among scientists and
engineers in this field. The Congress organizers would like to promote a broad cooperation and
exchange of new ideas between specialists in order to consolidate recent advances in the
fundamental knowledge of fluid mechanics and the natural and industrial processes involved.
For Vietnam the fluid mechanics knowledge plays a significant role in many socio-economical areas
such as agriculture, transportation (automobiles, ship, aircraft, ...), chemical and energy, including
oil-gas, industries, safety for nuclear power plant (planed to be built), thermal and hydro power
plant construction, air quality control, water, lake and river management, forecast of climate change
effect and sea level raising, protection from and response to natural disasters in land and on the
ocean and etc.
At the 14-ACFM-2013, the main topics are: Aero-acoustics and aerodynamics; Astrophysical fluid
mechanics; Boundary layer flows; Compressible flows and gas dynamics; Computational fluid
dynamics; Environmental and natural fluid mechanics; Fluid machinery and industrial fluid
mechanics; Flow control and measurement; Flow induced noise and vibration; Flow visualization;
Geophysical fluid mechanics; Heat and mass transfer; Hydrodynamics and hydraulics; Membrane
and porous media flows; Micro- and nano-fluid dynamics; Multi-phase and reacting flows;
Non-Newtonian flows; Unsteady flows and rotating flows; Additionally at the congress there are
also mini-symposia: 1) New Energy Sources: Nuclear, Solar, Wind, Tidal and Wave; 2) Typhoon,
Tsunami, Weather Simulation and Forecast; and 3) Water Resources, Flooding and Coastal
Management.
It is our high honor and great pleasure to organize this congress with the plenary and keynote
lectures and hearty contribution from participants and with very nice collaboration from the
Institute of Mechanics, VAST, and Vietnam Association of Fluid mechanics, VAM. The
acknowledgement is also given to our sponsors. We do hope that this congress will bring a good
opportunity for researcher/practitioners to well-mutual understanding in the field of fluid
mechanics.
On behalf of the 14-ACFM Program and Local organizing committees, and the secretariat, sincere
appreciation is expressed to all authors contributing to the congress. Special thanks are also due to
the members of the Asian Fluid Mechanics Committee (AFMC), all invited (plenary and keynote)
speakers and chairpersons for the efforts in the congress preparation works, in preparing the
manuscripts and managing the sessions, respectively.
DUONG Ngoc Hai,
Prof., Dr.Sc., Vice-President of VAST,
Member of the AFMC,
Chairman of the Program Committee of 14-ACFM.
2Page
3Page

Welcome Speech of Minister of MOST of Vietnam
It is a great pleasure for me on behalf of the Vietnamese
Ministry of Science and Technology to send the warmest
welcome to distinguished guests, participants, colleagues and
friends from Asia and other countries to contribute to the 14th
Asian Congress on Fluid Mechanics (14-ACFM) held in
Hanoi-Halong, Vietnam October 15
th
- 19
th
, 2013.
The First Asian Congress on Fluid Mechanics was organized
in Bangalore, India in 1980. Since there, over more than thirty
years, twelve congresses more were held in Beijing, Tokyo, Hong Kong, Taejon, Singapore,
Chennai, Shenzhen, Isfahan, Peradeniya, Kuala Lumpur, Daejeon, and Dhaka. In the year 2013, the
Hanoi city, Vietnam has a high honor to host the 14-ACFM.
As we know, the fluid mechanics concerns not only fundamental knowledge of general laws,
features, and characteristics of gas-liquid motion with mass and energy transports and other relevant
effects, but this subject relates also to many applied topics such as energy utilization, environment
protection and public health, climate change and etc.
Vietnam is an agricultural country and is one of the ten most suffered from sea level raising and
climate change countries in the world. The measures of response to these complex processes have to
be discovered as soon as possible. To implementing the country strategy of nuclear energy use for
peaceful purpose, now we consider to cover the energy lack by nuclear energy utilization. In
accordance of the strategy, about year 2020 the 1
st
nuclear power plant will be built in Vietnam. For
understanding the fluid or gas and maybe mixture of fluid and gas flow behaviors and connected
phenomena of heat and mass transfer in the reactor core and all elements of plant it requires the
knowledge of fluid mechanics as the fundamental and applied science. Together with the country
development, in the near future we would like to have also the high speed modern means of
transport: cars, ships, trains, etc. So we well acknowledge the importance of the fluid mechanics. It
is difficult to list all areas where the knowledge of fluid mechanics plays significant role.
It is very pleased to know that in the congress more than 200 papers from about 20 countries
covered wide range of topics would be presented. Let me again thank you - the speakers, paper
presenters, participants, organizers, sponsors, and all others associated with the congress for their
initiative, contribution, efforts and support to make this a great occasion. Thank you for
contribution to the 14-ACFM and visit to Vietnam, Hanoi city and Halong bay.
I hope that 14ACFM will be a good opportunity for scientists and engineers to exchange of new
ideas, innovations and advancement of fluid mechanics.

Dr. Nguyen Quan
Minister of MOST of Vietnam
4Page
5Page

Welcome Message from AFMC Chairman
It is my great honor on behalf of AFMC to extend my sincere
welcome to all the distinguished guests and participants when
ACFM 14 is convened on Oct. 15~19, 2013 in Hanoi,
Vietnam. More than 250 participants from 18 countries and
regions all over the world including Australia Bangladesh,
China, Germany, Hong Kong, France, India, Iran, Japan,
Korea, Norway, Pakistan, Russia, Singapore, Sri Lanka,
Thailand, USA and Vietnam take part in the meeting. The
primary objective of ACFM is to provide a platform for
researchers and engineers to exchange their ideas and latest
advances in science frontiers and technology application.
As a classic subject, fluid dynamics has created a brilliant space epoch in the 20
th
century by
exploring behaviors of real viscous and compressible fluids. Since mass and energy transports in
fluids in the form of macroscopic vortices, waves and turbulence or of microscopic particle, cell
and molecular interactions are commonly occurring, fluid dynamics still exhibits wide applications
in the fields of interdisciplinary science and advanced technology. No doubt, fluid dynamics
remains a branch full of vitality in the new century.
At this meeting, well have a number of well-known experts to give invited lectures on frontier
topics in fluid mechanics. Technical sessions shall cover aerodynamics and compressible flows,
hydrodynamics and hydraulics, multiphase flow and flows in porous media, astrophysical and
geophysical fluid dynamics, environmental and industrial fluid mechanics, micro- and nano-fluid
mechanics etc. A few mini-symposia are especially organized to address topics on renewable energy,
water resources and environmental issues. Actually, these problems are closely related to the
research of global sustainability: Future Earth, which turns out a 10 years initiative organized by
ICSU, ISSC, UNESCO, UNDP, UNEP and WMO to cope with challenge for changing environment
and satisfying needs for food, water, energy and health. Hence, Future Earth and Future Asia seem
to be an appropriate theme for the symposia.
In closing, I would like to thank all the invited speakers and participants for your enthusiasm and
cooperation, in particular, thank LOC chaired by Professor D. N. Hai and AFMC members for your
common efforts and dedications. The hospitality of Vietnamese friends is deeply impressed each of
us. The sponsorships of VAST, MOST and other organizations/institutions are highly appreciated.
In this golden season, participants come to beautiful Hanoi by Red River. Also, nearby Halong Bay
is a wonderful scenic attraction well known for its magnificent limestone. We wish all of you enjoy
your stay in Vietnam during the meeting.

Professor Jiachun Li
Chairman of AFMC
6Page
Congress Information
Asian Fluid Mechanics Committee
Chairman: J. Li (China).
Vice-Chairman:
G.S. Bhat (India), Y. Fukunishi (Japan).
Honorary members:
H. Sato (Japan), R. Narasimha (India), M. Kiya (Japan).
Members: Andonowati (Indonesia), Y.T. Chew (Singapore),
M.S. Chong (Australia), S. Fu (China),
Duong Ngoc Hai (Vietnam), F. Hussain (USA),
J.A. Khan (Pakistan), A.K.M. V.V. Kozlov (Russia),
S.J. Lee (Korea), S. Majumdar (India),
O. Mochizuki (Japan), C.S. Ow (Malaysia),
P. Promvonge (Thailand), A.K.M. Sadrul Islam (Bangladesh),
E. Shirani (Iran), R.M.C. So (China, Hong Kong),
M. Sun (China), H.J. Sung (Korea),
C.P. Tso (Malaysia), S.B. Weerakoon (Sri Lanka).
14
th
ACFM Program Committee
Chairman: Prof. Duong Ngoc Hai (VAST).
Members: Prof. Ngo Huy Can (IMech), Prof. Nguyen Duc Cuong (VAM),
Prof. Nguyen Van Diep (IMech), Prof. Bui Van Ga (MOET),
Dr. Nguyen Thuc Khang (VSP), Assoc. Prof. Hoang Van Huan (ICOE),
Assoc. Prof. Dinh Van Manh (IMech), Assoc. Prof. Tran Van Nam (UD),
Prof. Nguyen An Nien (SIWRR), Prof. Vu Duy Quang (HUST),
Dr. Tran Chi Thanh (VINATOM), Prof. Tran Thuc (IMHEN),
Assoc. Prof. Bui Dinh Tri (IMech), Prof. Dinh Van Uu (HUS),
Assoc. Prof. Nguyen Vu Viet (VAWR).
Organizing Committee
Chairman: Assoc. Prof. Bui Dinh Tri (IMech).
Vice Chairman: Assoc. Prof. Ha Ngoc Hien (IET).
Members: Assoc. Prof. Nguyen Phi Khu (VNU-HCM), Assoc. Prof. Ho Viet Hung (WRU),
Assoc. Prof. Hoang Duc Lien (HUA), Assoc. Prof. Nguyen Thi Viet Lien (IMech),
Assoc. Prof. Nguyen Van Que (MTA), Assoc. Prof. Nguyen Van Tuan (TNUT),
Assoc. Prof. Nguyen Minh Tuan (VMAST), Assoc. Prof. Tran Van Tran (VNU-HN),
Dr. Phan Ngoc Trung (VPI), Assoc. Prof. Luong Quang Xo (SIWRP).

Website: http://www.14acfm.ac.vn
Program
7Page





Program
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
8Page
Program at a glace
Monday, October 14
th
2013
16:00-19:00 Registration at Hoa Binh and Trade Union hotels
18:00-21:00 AFMC meeting
Venue: Hoa Binh Hotel - Members only

Tuesday, October 15
th
2013
8:00-9:00 Registration at Ta Quang Buu Library, HUST
Venue: Auditorium 10
th
Floor
9:00-9:45 Opening Ceremony
Venue: Auditorium 10
th
Floor
9:45-10:30 Plenary Session 1
Plenary Lecture 1: Multiphase and multiscale in oceanology, climatology and economics by
Prof. Robert I. Nigmatulin (Russia)
Venue: Auditorium 10
th
Floor
Chairman: Prof. Jiachun Li
10:30-11:00 Group Photo and Tea Break
11:00-12:30 Plenary Session 2
Plenary Lecture 2: Dielectric-Barrier-Discharge (DBD) Plasma Induced Wall Jet and Its
Application in Flow Control by Prof. J.J. Wang (China)
Plenary Lecture 3: Study of Inner Ledge Effect on the Aerodynamic Noise Generation from a
Deep Cavity by Prof. Yu Fukunishi (Japan)
Venue: Auditorium 10
th
Floor
Chairman: Prof. G.S. Bhat
12:30-13:30 Lunch Break
13:30-15:15 Parallel Session 1
Computational
fluid dynamics I:
6.01-6.07
Venue:
Auditorium 10
th

Floor
Chairman: Prof.
N. Wang
Parallel Session 2
Aeroacoustics and
aerodynamics I:
3.01-3.07
Venue: Room 923
Chairman: Prof.
Masahito Asai
Parallel Session 3
Environmental
and natural fluid
mechanics I:
7.01-7.07
Venue: Room 902
Chairman: Prof.
Q.Q. Liu
Parallel Session 4
Flow control and
measurement I:
8.01-8.07
Venue: Room 702
Chairman: Prof.
Y.T. Chew
Parallel Session 5
Boundary layer
flows I: 4.01-4.07
Venue: Room 303
Chairman: Prof.
J.J. Wang
15:15-15:30 Tea Break
15:30-17:30 Parallel Session 6
Computational
fluid dynamics II:
6.08-6.15
Venue:
Auditorium 10
th

Floor
Chairman: Prof.
H.Q. Zhang
Parallel Session 7
Aeroacoustics and
aerodynamics II:
3.08-3.15
Venue: Room 923
Chairman: Prof.
Vu Duy Quang
Parallel Session 8
Environmental
and natural fluid
mechanics II:
7.08-7.12
Geophysical fluid
mechanics:
12.01-12.03
Venue: Room 902
Chairman: Prof.
D.Z. Wang
Parallel Session 9
Flow control and
measurement II:
8.08-8.15
Venue: Room 702
Chairman: Prof.
G.X. Cui
Mini-Symposium
1: New Energy
Sources: Nuclear,
Solar, Wind, Tidal
and Wave
Chairman: Prof.
Osamu Sano
Mini-Symposium
2: Typhoon,
Tsunami, Weather
Simulation and
Forecast
Chairman: Prof.
H. Liu
Venue: Room 303
17:30-21:00 AFMC meeting
Venue: Room 303 (HUST) - Members only
Dinner at Dinh Lang Restaurant
Program
9Page
Wednesday, October 16
th
2013
8:30-9:00 Registration at Ta Quang Buu Library, HUST
Venue: Auditorium 10
th
Floor
9:00-10:30
Plenary Session 3
Plenary Lecture 4: Satish Dhawan Lecture Search for the ultimate regime in turbulent free
convection: Rayleigh-Benard convection and axially homogenous convection in a vertical tube
by Prof. J.H. Arakeri (India)
Plenary Lecture 5: New methods for sensitivity analysis and uncertainty quantification of
tsunamis by Prof. Frederic Dias (Ireland & France)
Venue: Auditorium 10
th
Floor
Chairman: Prof. Yu Fukunishi
10:30-10:45 Tea Break
10:45-12:30
Parallel Session
10
Computational
fluid dynamics III:
6.16-6.22
Venue:
Auditorium 10
th

Floor
Chairman: Prof.
Dinh Van Uu
Parallel Session
11
Aeroacoustics and
aerodynamics III:
3.16-3.22
Venue: Room 923
Chairman: Prof.
Seiichiro Izawa
Parallel Session
12
Flow induced
noise and
vibration:
9.01-9.03
Flow
visualization:
10.01-10.03
Venue: Room 902
Chairman: Prof.
Hitoshi Ishikawa
Parallel Session
13
Flow control and
measurement III:
8.16-8.22
Venue: Room 702
Chairman: Dr.
Tran Chi Thanh
Parallel Session
14
Boundary layer
flows II: 4.8-4.14
Venue: Room 303
Chairman: Prof.
Ayumu Inasawa
12:30-13:30 Lunch Break
13:30-14:50
Keynote Session 1
Keynote Lecture 1: Some experiments in
turbulent wall-bounded flows by Prof. O.N.
Ramesh (India)
Keynote Lecture 2: The Unified Transition
Stages in Linearly Stable Shear Flows by Prof.
Jianjun Tao (China)
Venue: Auditorium 10
th
Floor
Chairman: Prof. Victor V. Kozlov
Keynote Session 2
Keynote Lecture 3: Wake behind flexible and
permeable body by Prof. Hitoshi Ishikawa
(Japan)
Keynote Lecture 4: Proper Orthogonal
Decomposition and its Applications by Prof.
Sanjeev Sanghi (India)
Venue: Room 923
Chairman: Prof. Song Fu
14:50-15:00 Tea Break
15:00-17:30
Parallel Session
15
Computational
fluid dynamics
IV: 6.23-6.32
Venue:
Auditorium 10
th

Floor
Chairman: Prof.
Nguyen Duc
Cuong
Parallel Session
16
Aeroacoustics and
aerodynamics IV:
3.23-3.25
Fluid machinery
and industrial
fluid mechanics:
11.01-11.06
Venue: Room 923
Chairman: Prof.
Subrata Sarkar
Parallel Session
17
Micro and nano
fluid dynamics:
16.01-16.08
Venue: Room 902
Chairman: Prof.
Osamu Mochizuki
Parallel Session
18
Hydrodynamics
and hydraulics:
14.01-14.09
Venue: Room 702
Chairman: Prof.
Kim Dan Nguyen
Mini-Symposium
3: Water
Resources,
Flooding and
Coastal
Management I:
23.01-23.10
Venue: Room 303
Chairman: Prof.
Nguyen Van Diep
18:00 Congress Banquet at Sen Tay Ho Restaurant
(pick up buses will depart at 17:40 at Ta Quang Buu Library entrance)
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
10Page


Thursday, October 17
th
2013
8:30-9:00 Registration at Ta Quang Buu Library, HUST
Venue: Auditorium 10
th
Floor
9:00-10:30 Plenary Session 4
Plenary Lecture 6: A Particle-Based Modeling of Multiphase Fluids by Dissipative Particle
Dynamics (DPD) by Prof. Nhan Phan-Thien (Singapore)
Plenary Lecture 7: Physics of Transitional Shear Flows by Prof. V. V. Kozlov (Russia)
Venue: Auditorium 10
th
Floor
Chairman: Prof. Duong Ngoc Hai
10:30-10:45 Tea Break
10:45-12:30 Parallel Session 19
Computational
fluid dynamics V:
6.33-6.39
Venue:
Auditorium 10
th

Floor
Chairman: Prof.
J.J. Tao
Parallel Session 20
Unsteady flows
and rotating flows
I: 19.01-19.07
Venue: Room 923
Chairman: Prof.
Katsuya Hirata
Parallel Session 21
Heat and mass
transfer I:
13.01-13.07
Venue: Room 902
Chairman: Prof.
Jaywant H.
Arakeri
Parallel Session 22
Compressible
flows and gas
dynamics I:
5.01-5.07
Venue: Room 702
Chairman: Prof.
V. Kumaran
Mini-Symposium
3: Water
Resources,
Flooding and
Coastal
Management II:
23.11-23.17
Venue: Room 303
Chairman: Prof.
J.F. Zhou
12:30-13:30 Lunch Break
13:30-14:15 Plenary Session 5
Plenary Lecture 8: CFD and HPC for modeling sediment-transport in geophysical flows by Prof.
Kim Dan Nguyen (Vietnam)
Venue: Auditorium 10th Floor
Chairman: Prof. Sang Joon Lee
14:20-15:20 Parallel Session 23
Computational
fluid dynamics
VI: 6.40-6.43
Venue:
Auditorium 10
th

Floor
Chairman: Prof.
Sanjay Mittal
Parallel Session 24
Unsteady flows
and rotating flows
II: 19.08-19.11
Venue: Room 923
Chairman: Prof.
Shohei Takagi
Parallel Session 25
Heat and mass
transfer II:
13.08-13.11
Venue: Room 902
Chairman: Prof.
Sanjeev Sanghi
Parallel Session 26
Compressible
flows and gas
dynamics II:
5.08-5.11
Venue: Room 702
Chairman: Prof.
Y.X. Ren
Parallel Session 27
Boundary layer
flows III: 4.15
Multi-phase and
reacting flows:
17.01-17.03
Venue: Room 303
Chairman: Prof.
Nhan Phan-Thien
15:20-15:35 Tea Break
15:35-16:35 Parallel Session 28
Computational fluid
dynamics VII:
6.44-6.47
Venue: Auditorium
10
th
Floor
Chairman: Prof.
Sang-Wook Lee
Parallel Session 29
and others:
20.01-20.03
Aeroacoustics and
aerodynamics V: 3.26
Venue: Room 923
Chairman: Prof.
Nguyen Vu Viet
Parallel Session 30
Computational fluid
dynamics VIII:
6.48-6.49
Heat and mass transfer
III: 13.12
Membrane and porous
media flows: 15.01
Venue: Room 902
Assoc. Prof. Dinh Van
Manh
Parallel Session 31
Compressible flows
and gas dynamics III:
5.12
Non-newtonian flows:
18.01-18.03
Venue: Room 702
Chairman: Prof. J.K.
Prasad
16:40-17:30
Closing Ceremony
Venue: Auditorium 10
th
Floor

Program
11Page

Friday, October 18
th
2013
7:00 Halong tour
8:00 Hanoi City tour (transport and lunch are covered by Local Organization Committee)





Saturday, October 19th 2013
Departure

The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
12Page
Detail Program

Monday, October 14
th
2013
16:00 - 19:00 Registration at Hoa Binh and Trade Union hotels
18:00 - 21:00 AFMC meeting
Venue: Hoa Binh Hotel - Members only

Tuesday, October 15
th
2013
8:00 - 9:00 Registration at Ta Quang Buu Library, HUST
Venue: Auditorium 10th Floor
9:00 - 9:45 Opening Ceremony
Venue: Auditorium 10th Floor
a) Welcome speeches of 3 supporters-organizations:
- Vietnam Ministry of Science and Technology;
- Vietnam Academy of Science and Technology;
- Vietnam Association of Mechanics.
b) Opening speech of the Chairman of AFMC, Prof. J. Li.


Program
13Page
Plenary Sessions

ID
Plenary Session 1
Tuesday, October 15
th
, 2003, 9:45-10:30
Venue: Auditorium 10th Floor
Chairman: Prof. Jiachun Li Page

1.01 Multiphase and multiscale in oceanology,
climatology and economics
Robert I.
Nigmatulin
Russia 64


ID
Plenary Session 2
Tuesday, October 15
th
, 2003, 11:00-12:30
Venue: Auditorium 10th Floor
Chairman: Prof. G.S. Bhat Page

1.02 Dielectric-Barrier-Discharge (DBD) Plasma Induced
Wall Jet and Its Application in Flow Control
J.J. Wang,
L.H. Feng

China 64

1.03 Study of Inner Ledge Effect on the Aerodynamic
Noise Generation from a Deep Cavity
Y. Fukunishi, Y.
Nishi, M. Shigeta
and S. Izawa
Japan 65






ID
Plenary Session 3
Wednesday, October 16
th
, 2003, 9:00-10:30
Venue: Auditorium 10th Floor
Chairman: Prof. Yu Fukunishi Page

1.04 Satish Dhawan Lecture: Search for the ultimate
regime in turbulent free convection:
Rayleigh-Benard convection and axially
homogenous convection in a vertical tube
J.H. Arakeri and
S.S. Pawar
India 65

1.05 New methods for sensitivity analysis and
uncertainty quantification of tsunamis
Frederic Dias,
S. Guillas,
N. Vayatis,
A. Sarri,
T. S. Stefanakis,
E. Contal,
C. E. Synolakis

Ireland &
France
66

The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
14Page

ID
Plenary Session 4
Thursday, October 17
th
, 2003, 9:00-10:30
Venue: Auditorium 10th Floor
Chairman: Prof. Duong Ngoc Hai Page

1.06 A Particle-Based Modeling of Multiphase Fluids by
Dissipative Particle Dynamics (DPD)
N. Phan-Thien,
B.C. Khoo and
N. Mai-Duy
Singapore 67

1.07 Physics of Transitional Shear Flows A.V. Boiko,
A.V. Dovgal,
G.R. Grek,
V.V. Kozlov
Russia 67








ID
Plenary Session 5
Thursday, October 17
th
, 2003, 13:30-14:15
Venue: Auditorium 10th Floor
Chairman: Prof. Sang Joon Lee Page

1.08 CFD and HPC for modeling sediment-transport in
geophysical flows
Kim Dan
Nguyen, Damien
Pham-Van-Bang
, Miguel Uh and
Quoc Lan Phan
Vietnam 67


Program
15Page
Keynote Sessions

ID
Keynote Session 1
Wednesday, October 16
th
, 2003, 13:30-14:50
Venue: Auditorium 10th Floor
Chairman: Prof. Victor V. Kozlov Page

2.01 Some experiments in turbulent wall-bounded
flows
O.N. Ramesh,
S.A. Dixit and
V. Dhamotharan
India 68

2.02 The Unified Transition Stages in Linearly
Stable Shear Flows
Jianjun Tao and
Xiangming Xiong
China 68








ID
Keynote Session 2
Wednesday, October 16
th
, 2003, 13:30-14:50
Venue: Seminar Room 923
Chairman: Prof. Song Fu Page

2.03 Wake behind flexible and permeable body Hitoshi Ishikawa Japan 69

2.04 Proper Orthogonal Decomposition and its
Applications
Sanjeev Sanghi and
Nadeem Hasan
India 69


The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
16Page
Parallel Sessions

ID
Parallel Session 1
Computational fluid dynamics I: 6.01-6.07
Tuesday, October 15
th
, 2003, 13:30-15:15
Venue: Auditorium 10th Floor
Chairman: Prof. N. Wang Page

6.01 Aerodynamic analysis of a probe
entering Martian atmosphere with
chemical non-equilibrium effect
L.V. Jun-ming, GUAN
Fa-ming, CHENG Xiao-li,
WANG Qiang
China 98

6.02 Preconditioning method based on the
unstructured Cartesian grid
Y.L. He, D. Li, and
H.D. Ma
China 98

6.03 Simulation of Flow past a Double
Slotted Aerofoil using Multiblock
Structured Grid
Chethan K.S.,
Dileep Kumar S.C.,
Nuthan Prasad B.S. and
Sekhar Majumdar
India 99

6.04 A Simple Algorithm for Grid
Generation Based on Laplace Equations
P.M. Craig and
Dang Huu Chung
Vietnam 99

6.05 A Hybrid Numerical Method for Elliptic
Equations with Immersed Interfaces
Using a Local Filter
Yongsong JIANG,
Le FANG, Xiaodong JING,
Xiaofeng SUN,
Francis LEBOEUF
China 100

6.06 A SPH model for simulation of Seepage
flow through rigid porous media
C.T. Nguyen, H.H. Bui,
L.V. Hoang and
R. Fukagawa
Vietnam 100

6.07 Numerical Simulation of Shielding Gas
Flow in Arc Welding System Using
SPH Method
Masumi Ito, Masaya
Shigeta, Seiichiro Izawa,
and Yu Fukunishi
Japan 101

Program
17Page

ID
Parallel Session 2
Aeroacoustics and aerodynamics I: 3.01-3.07
Tuesday, October 15
th
, 2003, 13:30-15:15
Venue: Seminar Room 923
Chairman: Prof. Masahito Asai Page

3.01 Experimental Study of Aerodynamic
Damping of an Elastic Launch Vehicle
in the First Free-Free Bending Mode
Chen Ji, Feng Li, Ziqiang
Liu, Kui Bai
China 70

3.02 Prediction of Launch Vehicle Noise
during Lift-off using a Modified
Eldred's Method
S. Ashwin Kumar and
N. Karthikeyan
India 70

3.03 Surface pressure fluctuations over a
typical launch vehicle configuration in
transonic regime
Rajan Kurade,
Buddhadeb Nath,
D.B. Singh,
A.E. Sivaramakrishnan,
V.R. Ganesan
India 71

3.04 Design of End Plates for a Six Inch
Fixed Wing Micro Air Vehicle
Hemant Sharma
*
,
V. Murari,
Prasobh Narayanan,
Dinesh Sain, C.S. Suraj

India 71

3.05 Experimental Investigation of
Aerodynamic Forces generated by the
Flapping Wing Micro Air vehicle
Parag Deshpande, Roshan
Antony, S.P. Das, Krishna
Veera, Anirudh
Rajaseshan, Deepali Singh
and G. Ramesh
India 72

3.06 Lateral Jet Interaction on a Slender
Body in Supersonic Flow
Shijie Luo, Yaofeng Liu,
Ning Cao
China 72

3.07 Experimental study on sound radiation
from a rectangular cylinder at low Mach
numbers
Ressa Octavianty,
Ayumu Inasawa and
Masahito Asai
Japan 73

The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
18Page

ID
Parallel Session 3
Environmental and natural fluid mechanics I: 7.01-7.07
Tuesday, October 15
th
, 2003, 13:30-15:15
Venue: Seminar Room 902
Chairman: Prof. Q.Q. Liu Page

7.01 Development of Modeling System to
Simulate Hydrodynamic and
Environmental Quantities in the Hai
Phong Estuary, Vietnam
Dinh Van Uu,
Ha Thanh Huong,
Pham Van Tien
Vietnam 124

7.02 Studying the water quality in the Dong
Nai River estuary
Nguyen Thanh Co,
Dinh Van Manh
Vietnam 124

7.03 Study of the climate change impacts on
water quality in upstream part of Cau
river basin
Dao Thi Thu Huong and
Ha Ngoc Hien
Vietnam 125

7.04 Analysis of Sea Level Rise Impacts on
Negombo Lagoon Hydrodynamics
P.K.P. Pushpakumara,
S.B. Weerakoon, K.D.W.
Nandalal, R. Ranasinghe
Sri Lanka 125

7.05
Study on the transpiration in leaf
mesophyll cells using hydrogel models
with nano/micro porous structures

Hyejeong Kim and
Sang Joon Lee
Korea 126

7.06 Pattern formation due to a vortex ring
colliding to a granular layer and its
dependence on the granular properties
Junya Yoshida,
Osamu Sano
Japan 126

7.07 A Simplified Model of Mat-shape Algae
Horizontal Drift
Yuanying Chen,
Qingquan Liu
China 127

Program
19Page

ID
Parallel Session 4
Flow control and measurement I: 8.01-8.07
Tuesday, October 15
th
, 2003, 13:30-15:15
Venue: Seminar Room 702
Chairman: Prof. Y.T. Chew Page

8.01 Experimental investigation of a round
jet instability in a cross -flow
Kozlov V.V.,
Litvinenko M.V.,
Litvinenko Yu.A., Grek G.R.
Russia 130

8.02 Wake Structures behind a Circular Disk Seiji Ichikawa,
Shou Nakamura,
Hitoshi Ishikawa
Japan 130

8.03 Turbulence statistics and coherent
structures of channel flow with the
dielectrics barrier discharge plasma
actuator
Shilong Lan and
Junji Huan
China 131

8.04 Suboptimal Control of Wall Turbulence
with Moving Dimples
Wei-Xi Huang, Wu-Yang
Zhang, Chun-Xiao Xu
China 131

8.05 Active Control of Flow Separation using
Electro-Active Polymer-based Dimple
Actuators
Ravi Dodamani,
P. Chowdhury, Dinil
Divakaran, K.T. Madhavan
India 132

8.06 Control of Separated Flow in Diffuser at
Low Reynolds Number by Active
Dimple
Yuta YOSHINARI,
Junki HAMADA,
Masahiro MOTOSUKE,
Shinji HONAMI
Japan 132

8.07 Flow patterns over dimple arrays of
different dimple depths
C.M.J. Tay, Y.T. Chew,
B.C. Khoo
Singapore 133

The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
20Page

ID
Parallel Session 5
Boundary layer flows I: 4.01-4.07
Tuesday, October 15
th
, 2003, 13:30-15:15
Venue: Seminar Room 303
Chairman: Prof. J.J. Wang Page

4.01 Flat plate boundary layer transition
induced by a controlled near-wall
circular cylinder wake
He Guosheng, Wang Jinjun China 83

4.02 Measurement of hypersonic boundary
layer transition on a flat plate
Shaofei Xie, Jian Gong,
Feng Ji, Qing Shen
China 83

4.03 Receptivity to Localized Freestream
Disturbances Generated by an Airfoil
with Jet Ejections outside the Flat Plate
Boundary Layer
Seiichiro Izawa,
Tasuku Kato,
Masaya Shigeta and
Yu Fukunishi
Japan 84

4.04 Wake induced unsteadiness on flat plate
boundary layer
Sanchita Amin,
Dipak Kanti Das, and
Arif Hasan Mamun
Bangladesh 84

4.05 Perturbations to a boundary layer over a
plate with constant sweep of the
free-stream
J. Dey and P. Phani Kumar India 85

4.06 Relation between Deformations of
Wall-normal Vortices and Leading Edge
Receptivity
Yu NISHIO, Masaya
SHIGETA, Seiichiro
IZAWA, Yu FUKUNISHI
Japan 85

4.07 Stability analysis of hypersonic
boundary layer over a cone at angle of
attack
Feng Ji, Shaofei Xie,
Xunhua Liu, Xiangjiang
Yuan and Qing Shen
China 86

Program
21Page

ID
Parallel Session 6
Computational fluid dynamics II: 6.08-6.15
Tuesday, October 15
th
, 2003, 15:30-17:30
Venue: Auditorium 10th Floor
Chairman: Prof. H.Q. Zhang Page

6.08 Prototype Manufacturing Tolerance
Zone Implementation for the Efficient
Aerodynamic Analysis of the Very
Light Aircraft (VLA Configuration)
Moses Sitio, Sangho Kim,
and Jae-Woo Lee
Korea 101

6.09 A research on the Influence of surface
heat exchange to wing's aerodynamic
characteristics
Vu Thanh Trung Vietnam 102

6.10 Studies on the effects of flow control
devices on the aerodynamic
performance at various flow regimes
Prakash S. KULKARNI India 102

6.11 Application of An Improved TVD
Scheme in Hypersonic Heat-flux
Simulation
A. LIU Chuanya,
B. Wu Songping and
C. WANG Chao
China 103

6.12 Application of Multigrid Method in
Lateral Jet Interaction Flowfield
Simulation
Jinglong Bo, Yaofeng Liu
and Ning Cao
China 103

6.13 Numerical Simulation of Supersonic
Flows Using the Immersed Boundary
Method
GUO Yong Xiang,
WANG Bing,
ZHANG Hui Qiang
China 104

6.14 Effects of baffle configuration on
supersonic mixing
Ren Zhao-Xin, Wang Bing,
Zhang Hui-Qiang
China 104

6.15 A new sampling method of adiabatic
boundary condition in DSMC
under thermodynamic non-equilibrium
Fei Huang, Bo Zhao,
Xiao-li Cheng, Qing Shen
China 105

The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
22Page

ID
Parallel Session 7
Aeroacoustics and aerodynamics II: 3.08-3.15
Tuesday, October 15
th
, 2003, 15:30-17:30
Venue: Seminar Room 923
Chairman: Prof. Vu Duy Quang Page

3.08 New method for measuring Mach
number distribution of hypersonic
complex flow
Tiejin Wang, Feng Li China 73

3.09 Self- sustained cavity oscillation for a
wide range of Mach numbers
K.M. Nair and S. Sarkar India 74

3.10 Experimental investigation of
fluctuating pressure over a double delta
wing at transonic Mach number
M. Prasath, Vinay Kumar
Srivastava, V.R. Ganesan,
M.M. Patil,
A.E. Sivaramkrishnan,
Rajan Kurade and
G.K. Suryanarayana
India 74

3.11 Research on the Effects of Wing
Camber on Supersonic Wing and
Airplane Aerodynamic Performance
X.L. Wang, A.L. Gong,
J.H. Li, P. Bai
China 75

3.12 Calculating aerodynamic characteristics
of swept-back wings
Nguyen Manh Hung,
Hoang Thi Bich Ngoc,
Nguyen Hong Son
Vietnam 75

3.13 The selection of scaling velocity for
aerodynamic forces of
three-dimensional flapping wings
K.B. Lua, T.T. Lim,
K.S. Yeo
Singapore 76

3.14 Study of Wing Flutter by a Coupled
Fluid-Structure Method
Hoang Thi Kim Dung,
Nguyen Phu Khanh,
Tran Minh Ngoc
Vietnam 76

3.15 Numerical Investigation of PGMM
Shell with Pin-Protuberance in Subsonic
Flight
Salimuddin Zahir and
Jameel Ahmad Khan
Pakistan 77

Program
23Page

ID
Parallel Session 8
Environmental and natural fluid mechanics II: 7.08-7.12
Geophysical fluid mechanics: 12.01-12.03
Tuesday, October 15
th
, 2003, 15:30-17:30
Venue: Seminar Room 902
Chairman: Prof. D.Z. Wang Page

7.08 A Two-Dimensional Study on
Wind-Driven Ventilation of Buildings
Truong H.T. Thao,
Tran Q. Duc, Than N. Hai,
Nguyen Q. Y
Vietnam 127

7.09 The Relation between Petal Surface Cell
Shape and Fluid Flow
Maki Sato, Seiichi Sudo Japan 128

7.10 On some problems of sediment transport
in rivers
Christian Licht,
Tran Thu Ha
Vietnam 128

7.11 Study of the Tide at Hondau Area,
Doson, Haiphong, Vietnam and
Application
Tran Thi Ngoc Duyet,
Do Ngoc Quynh, Nguyen
Van Moi, Pham Thi Minh
Hanh, Do Thi Thu Ha
Vietnam 129

7.12 Some Initial Rudiment Results on
Hydrodynamic - Wave - Deposition /
Erosion Processes in the Coastal
Southern Vietnam
Hoang Van Huan,
Phan Manh Hung,
Nguyen Thi Phuong Thao
Vietnam 129

12.01 Data Assimilation for the River Flood
Routing Modeling
Dang The Ba and
Pham Thi Minh Hanh
Vietnam 148

12.02 Calibration of relative permeability
curves and permeability anisotropy of
oil-gas reservoir hydrodynamic model
from production data
Nguyen The Duc,
Phan Ngoc Trung,
Le Ngoc Son
Vietnam 148

12.03 Numerical modeling and validation of
tide and the tidal-induced residual
current in the Gulf of Tonkin

Nguyen Nguyet Minh,
Marchesiello Patrick,
Ouillon Sylvain, Dinh Van
Uu, Lyard Florent,
Cambon Gildas
Vietnam 149

The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
24Page

ID
Parallel Session 9
Flow control and measurement II: 8.08-8.15
Tuesday, October 15
th
, 2003, 15:30-17:30
Venue: Seminar Room 702
Chairman: Prof. G.X. Cui Page

8.08 Effect of Leading edge tubercles on
flow field over NACA-4415 airfoil at
low Reynolds number
S. Sudhakar and
N. Karthikeyan
India 133

8.09 Numerical study of active flow control
on a pitching NACA 0015 airfoil
Liang Wang, Liying Li,
Song Fu
China 134

8.10 Active control of flow separation on an
airfoil wing with the use of a row of
vortex generators
S. Takagi, and Y. Ueda Japan 134

8.11 Streamwise Vortex Pairs induced by
Counter Type Plasma Jet
Shunsuke. FUNAOKA,
Shunsuke YAMADA,
Seiji ICHIKAWA and
Hitoshi ISHIKAWA
Japan 135

8.12 Flow past circular cylinder with forward
splitter plate
P. Suriynarayanan,
Kiran Chutkey and
L. Venkatakrishanan
India 135

8.13 Study of plasma-assisted combustion
through laser diagnostics
Shaohua Zhang,
Lihong Chen, Xilong Yu,
Xinyu Zhang
China 136

8.14 Measurements of bubbly
counter-current two-phase flow in a
vertical pipe using ultrasonic Doppler
method (UDM) and ultrasonic time
domain cross-correlation (UTDC)
method
Tat Thang Nguyen,
Hiroshige Kikura,
Ngoc Hai Duong,
Hideki Murakawa and
Nobuyoshi Tsuzuki
Vietnam 136

8.15 Flow Characteristics of Supercritical
Kerosene through Orifice Flow-meter
Fengquan Zhong, Guoxin
Dang, Yongjiang Zhang,
Lihong Chen, Xinyu Zhang
China 137

Program
25Page

ID
Parallel Session 10
Computational fluid dynamics III: 6.16-6.22
Wednesday, October 16
th
, 2003, 10:45-12:30
Venue: Auditorium 10th Floor
Chairman: Prof. Dinh Van Uu Page

6.16
Numerical Simulation of flowfield
round Morphing Aircraft
Dun Li, Yuelong He,
Peng Bai, Bingyan Chen
and Guowu Xu
China 105

6.17 Numerical simulation and experiment of
wing in ground effect
Hoang Son Pham and
Quoc Huy Vu
Vietnam 106

6.18 Delayed Detached Eddy Simulation for
Static and Forced Oscillating Airfoil at
High Angle of Attack
LIU Zhou, YANG Yunjun,
ZHOU Weijiang,
GONG Anlong
China 106

6.19 Flow Past a High Performance Thin
Airfoil with Corrugations
Ajinkya Desai, Sambhav
Jain, Sanjay Mittal
India 107

6.20 Simulation of Flow over Flat Plate
Using Correlation Based Transition
Model
A. Rajesh, D.S. Kulkarni,
B.N. Rajani
India 107

6.21 Effects of Stochastic Cube-Roughed
Wall on Turbulent Channel Flows
Lu Hao, Wang Bing,
Zhang Hui-qiang,
Wang Xi-lin
China 108

6.22 Initial studies on the sediment transport
models in shallow water and numerical
approach by finite volume methods in
Vietnam
Nguyen Thanh Don,
Monnier Jerome, Dartus
Denis, Ouillon Sylvain,
Nguyen Hong Phong,
Nguyen Quang Minh
Vietnam 108

The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
26Page

ID
Parallel Session 11
Aeroacoustics and aerodynamics III: 3.16-3.22
Wednesday, October 16
th
, 2003, 10:45-12:30
Venue: Seminar Room 923
Chairman: Prof. Seiichiro Izawa Page

3.16 Analysis on the Trim Characteristic
Impact of Recession on the re-entry
capsule
XU Guowu, ZHOU
Weijiang, CHEN Bingyan,
ZHAN Huiling
China 77

3.17 Experimental Study on the
Aerodynamics of a Rugger Ball in Spin
Pass
Hajime Nakano, Kouichiro
Takamure, Hiroaki
Mihara, Jiro Funaki, and
Katsuya Hirata
Japan 78

3.18 Pressure Measurements on a Landing
Gear Bay Cavity Model
Anand R. Rao, Bhikshapati
M., Gopinath N. and
D. Koner
India 78

3.19 Numerical simulation of aerodynamic
performance for a quadrotor UAV
HOANG Thanh Tung,
NGUYEN Phu Hung
Vietnam 79

3.20 High-Speed Type Selection DPIV
Experiment of Aircraft Nose
Zhan Huang, Hong Wei
Wang, Jiang Zhang,
Tao Mao and Lang Li
China 79

3.21 The Application of DPIV in Internal
Drag Measurement of Hypersonic
Flow-Through Model
Zhan Huang, Hong Wei
Wang, Yan Zhang and
Lang Li
China 80

3.22 Numerical Simulation Unsteady Flow
and Research on Dynamic
Characteristics of an Airfoil By RANS
Based CFD
Chao Wang, Peng-ju Hu,
Feng Li, Yun-jun Yang
China 80

Program
27Page

ID
Parallel Session 12
Flow induced noise and vibration: 9.01-9.03
Flow visualization:10.01-10.04
Wednesday, October 16
th
, 2003, 10:45-12:30
Venue: Seminar Room 902
Chairman: Prof. Hitoshi Ishikawa


9.01 Stall flutter of turbo-machinery blades S.K. Jha, S.S. Bhat,
R.N. Govardhan
India 141

9.02 Wavelet coherent structure of turbulence
and pressure on rectangular cylinders
Thai-Hoa Le Vietnam 141

9.03 Turbulent Structure Behind Rectangular
Plate with Flow Induced Vibration
Siti Saerah binti Shuaibon,
Hitoshi Ishikawa,
Seiji Ichikawa
Japan 142

10.01 Drag Characteristic and Wake Structure
of Accelerated Circular Disk
Seiji ICHIKAWA and
Hitoshi ISHIKAWA
Japan 143

10.02 Application of Pressure Sensitive Paint
Measurement to Transonic Cascade
Xiaoguang Ma, Ming
Zhao, Xue Zhang, Jinkui
Shang and Hongjie Zhong
China 143

10.03 Application of PSP technique for
determining aerodynamic loads on delta
wing model
Xiang Xingju,
LANG Weidong,
XIONG Hongliang
China 144

The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
28Page

ID
Parallel Session 13
Flow control and measurement III: 8.16-8.22
Wednesday, October 16
th
, 2003, 10:45-12:30
Venue: Seminar Room 702
Chairman: Dr. Tran Chi Thanh Page

8.16 Bubble Induced Turbulence in Bubble
Plumes
Qingqing Pan, Stein T.
Johansen, Mark Reed,
Lars Stran
Norway 137

8.17 Integral kinetic energy budgets in a
particle-laden channel flow
Qingqing Pan, Lihao Zhao,
Stein T. Johansen
Norway 138

8.18 Drag reduction in turbulent flows over
superhydrophobic surfaces with
micro-nano textures
Zhang Jinxian,
Yao Zhaohui, Lu Si, Hao
Pengfei, Fu Chengsong
China 138

8.19 Flow pattern around two circular
cylinders in open channel: PIV
measurement compared with CFD
simulation
Van Thang Nguyen,
Dinh Tri Bui and
Tien Vinh Ha
Vietnam 139

8.20 Experiments on Round Turbulent Jet
using PIV
Sunil Bharadwaj,
Bhuvneswar Gera, Pavan
Sharma, Meheboob Alam
India 139

8.21 Latest developments in fluid dynamics
instrumentation
Hoang Duc Bang,
Martin Thalbitzer
Andersen
AIE
Representati
ve of Dantec
Dynamics
Vietnam
140

8.22 Continuous Innovation of Laser Imaging
Systems
Carsten Meier LaVision
GmbH
140

Program
29Page

ID
Parallel Session 14
Boundary layer flows II: 4.08-4.14
Wednesday, October 16
th
, 2003, 10:45-12:30
Venue: Seminar Room 303
Chairman: Prof. Ayumu Inasawa Page

4.08 Reversal of roughness-induced
transition by a mesh in the outer
boundary layer
P. Phani Kumar,
A.C. Mandal and J. Dey
India 86

4.09 Skin Friction Coefficient of turbulence
boundary layer over smooth and rough
surface
Jun Yoshida, Tomonori
Yamakita, Takahiro Ito,
Hideki Kawashima, and
Yoshiyuki Tsuji
Japan 87

4.10 An experimental investigation of the
secondary instability in a boundary layer
on the three-dimensional surface
corrugation
Mochamad Dady Mamun,
Masahito ASAI and
Ayumu INASAWA
Japan 87

4.11 Experimental study on sound radiation
from a protuberance in boundary layer
flows
Masashi KOBAYASHI,
Ayumu INASAWA and
Masahito ASAI
Japan 88

4.12 Experimental Investigation on the
Interactions of Separation Bubble with
Injected Jets in the Downstream
A. Samson, K. Anand,
S. Sarkar
India 88

4.13 An experimental investigation of
boundary layer transition on rotating
cones in axial flow
Ali Kargar,
Kamyar Mansour
Iran 89

4.14
The small aperture beam jittering
characteristics of the hypersonic
transitional boundary layer on the flat
plate
Ruiqu Li, Jian Gong,
Zhixian Bi and
Handong Ma
China 89

The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
30Page

ID
Parallel Session 15
Computational fluid dynamics IV: 6.23-6.32
Wednesday, October 16
th
, 2003, 15:00-17:30
Venue: Auditorium 10th Floor
Chairman: Prof. Nguyen Duc Cuong


6.23 Simulation of a supercritical water flow
issuing from a hydrothermal vent in the
deep sea
Satoko Komurasaki Japan 109

6.24 Vorticity dynamics and control of
self-propelled swimming of the 3D rays
XIN ZhiQiang and
WU ChuiJie
China 109

6.25 Parallel Performance of GPU and CPU
in Computational Fluid Dynamics
P. Srinivasa Murthy,
M.R. Muralidharan,
U. Sriramachandra Rao,
T. Prasanti
India 110

6.26 A Deformation Gradient Based
Formulation For Incompressible
Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics
Prapanch Nair,
Adithya Vijaykumar,
Gaurav Tomar
India 110

6.27 Numerical Simulation of Two-Phase
Free Surface Flows with a Coupling
Explicit - Implicit Method
Phan Hoang Nam,
Nguyen The Hung
Vietnam 111

6.28
MILES Study on Base Flow Structure
of a Circular Cylinder at an Angle of
Attack
Chen Zhi, Pan Honglu,
Cheng Xiaoli
China
111

6.29 Multi-objective Design Optimization
Study of Capsule Configuration Based
on CFD
Wang Rong,
Chen Bing-yan
China 112

6.30 Numerical methodology for simulating
flows over turbine blades
Rajesh Ranjan,
S.M. Deshpande,
Roddam Narasimha
India 112

6.31 Influence of Different Degrees of
Stenosis and Time Period on the Flow
Behavior Through Affected Artery and
Stress Distribution on VesselWall
K.M. Rafidh Hassan,
Mohammad Arif Hasan
Mamun
Bangladesh 113

6.32 A Numerical Study on Flow Behavior
Through A Model Eccentric Stenosed
Artery for Variable Pulsatile Flow Wave
Forms
Md. Rezwanul Haque,
A.B.M. Toufique Hasan,
A.K.M. Sadrul Islam
Bangladesh 113

Program
31Page

ID
Parallel Session 16
Aeroacoustics and aerodynamics IV: 3.23-3.25
Fluid machinery and industrial fluid mechanics: 11.01-11.06
Wednesday, October 16
th
, 2003, 15:00-17:30
Venue: Seminar Room 923
Chairman: Prof. Subrata Sarkar


3.23 Calculating shock wave angles and
drags of supersonic flows through cones
and wedges
Hoang Thi Bich Ngoc,
Nguyen Manh Hung
Vietnam 81

3.24 Optimization of lateral jet position of the
lateral-jet controlled missile in
supersonic flow
Jingzhe Si, Gang Sun,
Yujiang Sun
China 81

3.25 The Wave-Current Forces On Pile
Groups
Ting Huang,
Guo-liang Dai,
Jin-hai Zheng
China 82

11.01 Determination of Optimal Operational
Parameters of Biogas Engines
Converted from Diesel Engines by
Modeling and Experimental Studies
Bui Van Ga, Tran Van
Nam, Truong Le Bich
Tram, Le Minh Tien,
Le Xuan Thach
Vietnam 145

11.02 Numerical Simulations of Flow over a
Film Cooled Semi-Circular Leading
Edge
Harish Babu and S. Sarkar India 145

11.03 Computational Studies of Turbulent
Flow in a Rotating Curved Square
Channel
Nitheesh George and
Govardhan M
India 146

11.04 Using SysML-Modelica Transformation
to Implement the Ship Motions
Controller
Nguyen Hoai Nam,
Ngo Van Hien and
Vu Duy Quang
Vietnam 146

11.05 Development of Small-sized
Aerodynamic Brake for High-speed
Railway
Hajime TAKAMI Japan 147

11.06 Reducing the Mass of the Refrigerant in
the Capillary Tube of a Propane
Air-Conditioner
Jeri Tangalajuk Siang,
Ahmad Sharifian
Australia 147

The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
32Page

ID
Parallel Session 17
Micro and nano fluid dynamics: 16.01-16.08
Wednesday, October 16
th
, 2003, 15:00-17:30
Venue: Seminar Room 902
Chairman: Prof. Osamu Mochizuki Page

16.01 Flow over Patterned Superhydrophobic
Surface in a Microchannel
D. Dilip, R.N. Govardhan
and M.S. Bobji
India 162

16.02 Flow of Nanopowders New
Continuum
S.P. Bardakhanov Russia 162

16.03 Three Dimensional Numerical
Simulation Of Droplet Passive Breakup
In T-Shaped Micro-Fluidic chip using
VOF method
Bin Chen, Weimeng Wang,
Yiping Ma, Peng Wang
China 163

16.04 Impact and spreading of graphene
suspension droplets on a solid substrate
H.K. Huh, D.H. Kwon,
S.J. Lee
Korea 163

16.05 Visualization of cytoplasmic streaming Kenji KIKUCHI,
Narihisa SUZUKI and
Osamu MOCHIZUKI
Japan 164

16.06 Microchannel Flows with
Superhydrophobic Surfaces: Effects of
Phase Shift of Wall Patterns
Chiu-On Ng, Bo Chen Hong Kong 164

16.07 Immiscible two-phase micro Fluid
Flows and Application
Phi Khu Nguyen Vietnam 165

16.08 Vibration Characteristics of Micro
Magnetic Fluid Bridge Subject to
Alternating Magnetic Field
Seiichi Sudo,
Hiroki Takamatsu,
Kunio Shimada
Japan 165

Program
33Page

ID
Parallel Session 18
Hydrodynamics and hydraulics: 14.01-14.09
Wednesday, October 16
th
, 2003, 15:00-17:30
Venue: Seminar Room 702
Chairman: Prof. Kim Dan Nguyen Page

14.01 3D Simulation of Flows Around
Hydraulic Structures
Tran Ngoc Anh, Shinichiro
Onda, Nguyen Duc Hanh
and Nguyen Thanh Son
Vietnam 156

14.02 Study on Cloud Cavity around
Axisymmetric Projectile by Large Eddy
Simulation
Xianxian YU, Yiwei
WANG, Letian YANG,
Chenguang HUANG,
Tezhuan DU, Lijuan LIAO,
Xiaocui WU1
China 156

14.03 Modeling of Flow in the Mekong Delta LE Song Giang,
TRAN Thi My Hong
Vietnam 157



14.04 Applying energy balance conditions for
estimating local scour depths at bridge
piers
Dang Viet Dung,
Nguyen Xuan Truc,
Nguyen The Hung
Vietnam 157

14.05 The third invariant form of hydraulic
equation and application to definition of
water hammer characteristic in pipe
Nguyen An Nien,
Nguyen Binh Duong
Vietnam 158

14.06 Numerical analysis of the risk of
anomalous water level in Harbor
Nguyen Ba Thuy, Vu Hai
Dang, Do Dinh Chien,
Nguyen Thanh Trang,
Nguyen Manh Dung
Vietnam 158

14.07 A semi-relative reference frame method
for maneuvering simulation in
hydrodynamics
Wu Xiaocui,
Huang Chenguang,
Yang Letian, Hu zhiqiang,
Wang Yiwei, Liao Lijuan
China 159

14.08 Investigation of sediment transport
under asymmetric waves by LES
J.F. Zhou, J.L. Liu,
S.H. Yang
China 159

14.09 Nonlinear Stability and Shearbanding in
a Granular Fluid
Meheboob Alam and
Priyanka Shukla
India 160

The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
34Page

ID
Parallel Session 19
Computational fluid dynamics V: 6.33-6.39
Thursday, October 17
th
, 2003, 10:45-12:30
Venue: Auditorium 10th Floor
Chairman: Prof. J.J. Tao Page

6.33 Numerical Study on Free Surface Flows
of a Container Ship with Various
Transom Configurations
Nguyen Duy Trong and
Hino Takanori
Japan 114

6.34 Computational Fluid Dynamics studies
on cavity flow around the ship propeller
Le Thi Thai, Le Quang Vietnam 114

6.35 A Numerical Model For 3D
Hydrodynamics And Substance
Transports In Fluid Environment
Dang Huu Chung,
Nguyen Thi Kieu Duyen
Vietnam 115

6.36 Large Eddy Simulation of Flow over a
Backward Facing Step using Fire
Dynamics Simulator (FDS)
Md. Mahfuz Sarwar,
Khalid A.M. Moinuddin,
G.R. Thorpe
Australia 116

6.37 Urban RANS flow validation against the
Michel-Stadt case
Jrg Franke, Aniko Rakai Germany 116

6.38 Interaction modes of fish schooling in a
viscous flow
Emad Uddin, Wei-Xi
Huang and Hyung Jin Sung
Korea 117

6.39 Simulation of the Transport of Mixed
Solid - Liquid (Salt Brine) in Pump
Salt Applied in Salt Producing Line in
Industrial Salt Fields
Bui Thi Thu,
Hoang Duc Lien
Vietnam 117

Program
35Page

ID
Parallel Session 20
Unsteady flows and rotating flows I: 19.01-19.07
Thursday, October 17
th
, 2003, 10:45-12:30
Venue: Seminar Room 923
Chairman: Prof. Katsuya Hirata Page

19.01 Investigation of Unsteady Lateral Jet
Interaction Effect uder Different Inflow
Conditions
Yaofeng Liu, Jinglong Bo China 170

19.02 Low Mach Number Preconditioning for
Unsteady Flow in General ALE
Formulation
Ning Cao, Yaofeng Liu,
Shijie Luo
China 170

19.03 Unsteady Lift Generation by a
Two-Dimensional Wing in Flapping
Motion
Tomoharu Dengo,
Takayuki Aoki,
Futoshi Tanaka
Japan 171

19.04 Effect of Flap Geometry on Lift
Characteristics of a 60 deg. Delta
Wing-Body
N. Gopinath India 171

19.05 Analysis of a rotor-stator system with
axial superposed flow and radial
outflow
Zhe Jiao, Haixin Chen,
Song Fu,
Tomoki Kawakubo,
Satoshi Ohuchida and
Hideaki Tamaki
China 172

19.06 Effect of Swirling Flow on the Orifice
downstream in a Straight Pipe

Masashi Kano, Feng Shan,
Atsushi Fujishiro,
Akira Watanabe and
Yoshiyuki Tsuji
Japan 172

19.07 Turbulent flow over a Backward-facing
step: Shedding from the recirculation
region
P.M. Nadge,
R.N. Govardhan
India 173

The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
36Page

ID
Parallel Session 21
Heat and mass transfer I: 13.01-13.07
Thursday, October 17
th
, 2003, 10:45-12:30
Venue: Seminar Room 902
Chairman: Prof. Jaywant H. Arakeri Page

13.01 Performance Evaluation of Concentrated
Ventilation in a Tunnel Fire
Futoshi Tanaka, Shohei
Majima, Masahiro Kato
and Nobuyoshi Kawabata
Japan 150

13.02 Study of Mixed Convection in a
Ventilated Square Enclosure with a
Heated Hollow Cylinder
Mohammad Arif Hasan
Mamun, Mohammad Jane
Alam Khan
Bangladesh 150

13.03 Analytical Study for Natural Convection
in a Circular Cavity with Linear
Volumetric Heat Generation
Kamyar Mansour Iran 151

13.04 Unsteady natural convection in a
nanofluid-filled square cavity with a
heat source at the bottom using
characteristic-based split scheme
Minh Tuan Nguyen,
Abdelraheem M. Aly and
Sang-Wook Lee
Korea 151

13.05 Studies on Thermocapillary Migration
of Droplet
Zuo-Bing Wu China 152

13.06 Temperature/Heat flux Measurements
Using Embedded thermocouples
Zhao xuejun, Guo xiaoguo,
Ma yuanhong, Shen qing
China 152

13.07 Moisture diffusion in composite
sandwich plate: Modeling and
experiment
Tran Van Luan,
Tran Thanh Hai Tung
Vietnam 153

Program
37Page

ID
Parallel Session 22
Compressible flows and gas dynamics I: 5.01-5.07
Thursday, October 17
th
, 2003, 10:45-12:30
Venue: Seminar Room 702
Chairman: Prof. V. Kumaran Page

5.01 Transition and turbulent flow in a
compressible lid-driven cavity
S. Pradhan, V. Kumaran India 91

5.02 Effects of Step Height on Supersonic
Flows over a Backward Facing Step
Haixu Liu, Bing Wang,
Yincheng Guo, Huiqiang
Zhang, Wenyi Lin
China 92

5.03 Characterization of Strut-mounted
Through Cavity for Scramjet
Applications
Tahzeeb Hassan Danish,
Sathiyamoorthy K.,
Pratheesh Kumar P.,
Manjunath P.
India 92

5.04 Steady and unsteady flow over a spiked
blunt body at supersonic speed
D. Sahoo, S. Das, P.Kumar
and J. K. Prasad
India 93

5.05 On the geometry of large-scale
structures in compressible channel flow
Jun Chen, Jie Pei, Fazle
Hussain, Zhen-Su She
China 93

5.06 A Numerical Investigation of Jet/Lifting
Surfaces Interaction on a Revolution
Body
Yuwei Liu, Zhaoyong Ni
and Yaofeng Liu
China 94

5.07 A Numerical Investigation on Transonic
Flow around a Biconvex Circular Arc
Airfoil in a Channel
Md. Abdul Hamid,
Sk. Md. Alimuzzaman,
Md. Mostaqur Rahman,
A.B.M. Toufique Hasan
Bangladesh 94

The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
38Page

ID
Parallel Session 23
Computational fluid dynamics VI: 6.40-6.43
Thursday, October 17
th
, 2003, 14:20-15:20
Venue: Auditorium 10th Floor
Chairman: Prof. Sanjay Mittal Page

6.40 Kinetics Calculation of Spray Jet Flow
of Pesticides by Hydro-aerodynamics
Calculation Software
Hoang Duc Lien,
Le Vu Quan, Bui Thi Thu
Vietnam 118

6.41 Vortex dynamics in cardiovascular
flows: Insights from numerical
simulations
Trung Bao Le and
Fotis Sotiropoulos
USA 118

6.42 Drag variation at the onset of vortex
shedding
S. Jain, N. Agrawal,
Navrose, S. Mittal
India 119

6.43 Analysis of Flow Field and Heat
Transfer of a Fan-Shaped Pin-Fin
Mi-Ae Moon and
Kwang-Yong Kim
Korea 119






ID
Parallel Session 24
Unsteady flows and rotating flows II: 19.08-19.11
Thursday, October 17
th
, 2003, 14:20-15:20
Venue: Seminar Room 923
Chairman: Prof. Shohei Takagi Page

19.08 Experimental Study of Drag
Characteristic and Vortex Structure of
Accelerating Cylinder from a Rest
Yusuke NITA,
Seiji ICHIKAWA and
Hitoshi ISHIKAWA
Japan 173

19.09 Direct numerical simulation of turbulent
flows through concentric annulus with
the inner wall periodically oscillating
around its axis
Chun-Xiao Xu,
Yi-Chen Yao,
Wei-Xi Huang,
Gui-Xiang Cui
China 174

19.10 Study on the Dynamic Stall control of
the Pitching Wavy Leading-Edge Wing
Shidong Zhang,
Wenrong Hu
China 174

19.11 Effect of Nozzle Shape on the
Formation and Propagation of Vortex
Ring
S.M. Tabirul Hassan,
S.M. Rakibul Hassan,
Mohammad Ali
Bangladesh 175

Program
39Page

ID
Parallel Session 25
Heat and mass transfer II: 13.08-13.11
Thursday, October 17
th
, 2003, 14:20-15:20
Venue: Seminar Room 902
Chairman: Prof. Sanjeev Sanghi Page

13.08 Flow Control of a Plane Jet by a
Nozzle's Lip
Yuya OTOMINE, Yusuke
SHOKI, Hiroaki MIHARA,
Jiro FUNAKI and
Katsuya HIRATA
Japan 153

13.09 Studies on heat transfer and friction
factor characteristics of turbulent flow
through a round tube with perforated
helical twisted-tape inserts
K. Yongsiri, K. Nanan,
P. Promvonge and
S. Eiamsa-ard
Thailand 154

13.10 Investigation of heat transfer and
friction behaviors in a tube fitted with
double helically twisted-tapes
turbulators
S. Eiamsa-ard,
V. Kongkaitpaiboon,
K. Nanan and
P. Promvonge
Thailand 154

13.11 Numerical simulation of laminar
periodic flow and heat transfer in tube
with 45 inclined U-baffles
S. Sripattanapipat,
S. Eiamsa-ard, K. Yongsiri
and P. Promvonge
Thailand 155

The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
40Page

ID
Parallel Session 26
Compressible flows and gas dynamics II: 5.08-5.11
Thursday, October 17
th
, 2003, 14:20-15:20
Venue: Seminar Room 702
Chairman: Prof. Y.X. Ren Page

5.08 CFD Study on Shock-Boundary Layer
Interaction Characteristics over a Rough
Wall
Arun K.R., Kim H.D. and
Setoguchi T.
Korea 95

5.09 A CFD study on the gas solid two phase
flow for needle-free injection system
Md. Alim Iftekhar Rasel and
H.D. Kim
Korea 95

5.10 Experimental Investigation of the
Unsteady Flow Characteristics in a
Micro Shock Tube
Jin-Ouk Park,
Heuy-Dong Kim,
Toshiaki Setoguchi
Korea 96

5.11 Experimental and Computational Study
of Multiple jets in Crossflow on a Flat
Plate
Pei Chen, Suxun Li,
Yaofeng Liu, Zhaoyong Ni
China 96


ID
Parallel Session 27
Boundary layer flows III: 4.15
Multi-phase and reacting flows: 17.01-17.03
Thursday, October 17
th
, 2003, 14:20-15:20
Venue: Seminar Room 303
Chairman: Prof. Nhan Phan-Thien Page

4.15 Horizontal velocity field near the hot
plate in turbulent natural convection
K. Vipin and
Baburaj A. Puthenveettil
India 90

17.01 Chemical kinetics of combustible
materials - is the single effective
reaction kinetics the best practice?
Lucie Hasalov,
Khalid A. M. Moinuddin,
Ariza S. Abu-Bakar
Australia 166

17.02 Auto Ignition Characteristics of a
Binary Droplet inside a RCM Chamber
Hyemin Kim, Seungwook
Baek and Daejun Chang
Korea 166

17.03 A Front-tracking Method for
Computations of Containerless
Solidification
Truong V. Vu,
G. Tryggvason, S. Homma,
John C. Wells, H. Takakura
Japan 167

Program
41Page

ID
Parallel Session 28
Computational fluid dynamics VII: 6.44-6.47
Thursday, October 17
th
, 2003, 15:35-16:35
Venue: Auditorium 10th Floor
Chairman: Prof. Sang-Wook Lee Page

6.44 Aero-optic Analysis For Unsteady
Mixing Layers
Pan Honglu, Shi Ketian,
Ma Handong
China 120

6.45 Numerical Analysis of
Three-Dimensional Unsteady Flows
Around Oscillating Cascades Using
Harmonic Balance Method
Shi Yongqiang,
Yang Qingzhen,
Huang Xiuquan
China 120

6.46 Numerical Investigation of Aerocraft
Dynamic Stability on Cartesian Grid
Xiao-wen Liu, Wei-jiang
Zhou, Chun-qun Ji
China 121

6.47 Modeling a Multi-Orifice High Pressure
Water-Mist Nozzle Spray
HM Iqbal Mahmud,
Khalid A.M. Moinuddin
and Graham R. Thorpe
Australia 121

The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
42Page

ID
Parallel Session 29
and others: 20.01-20.03
Aeroacoustics and aerodynamics V: 3.26
Thursday, October 17
th
, 2003, 15:35-16:35
Venue: Seminar Room 923
Chairman: Prof. Nguyen Vu Viet Page

20.01 Scientific and practical basis for
developing operation rules for reservoir
system on Ba River
Luong Huu Dung Vietnam 176

20.02 Simulation for object drift forecast in
the Eats Vietnam sea by the leeway
numerical method
Nguyen Quoc Trinh,
Nguyen Minh Huan, Phung
Dang Hieu, Du Van Toan
Vietnam 177

20.03 Impacts of inundation on land use under
climate change context in Cuu Long
Delta
Tran Hong Thai, Luong
Huu Dung, Hoang Minh
Tuyen, Nguyen Thanh Son
Vietnam 177

3.26 Study of Shock Wave during Transonic
Flow over NACA 0012 Using
Favre-averaged Navier-Stokes equations
Toukir Islam,
Aminur Rahman and
Mohammad Ali
Bangladesh 82

Program
43Page

ID
Parallel Session 30
Computational fluid dynamics VIII: 6.48-6.49
Heat and mass transfer III: 13.12
Membrane and porous media flows: 15.01
Thursday, October 17
th
, 2003, 15:35-16:35
Venue: Seminar Room 902
Chairman: Assoc. Prof. Dinh Van Manh Page

6.48
A Numerical Study on Aerodynamic
Effects in the Break-up of Liquid Sheet
Mohammad Ali and
M. Quamrul Islam
Bangladesh 122

6.49 A Computational Study on Fluid
Structural Interaction for Flow through a
Model Arterial Stenosis
A.B.M. Toufique Hasan,
Md. Rejaul Haque and
Md. Emran Hossain
Bhuiyan
Bangladesh 123

13.12 Numerical study of laminar flow and
heat transfer in square duct with 45
V-ribs
V. Kongkaitpaiboon,
S. Eiamsa-ard,
K. Yongsiri,
P. Promvonge and
S. Tamna
Thailand 155

15.01 Dynamic performance of a solid oxide
fuel cell working with hydrogen
Thinh Xuan Ho,
Tranh Manh Vu and
Ngo Khanh Hieu
Vietnam 161


The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
44Page

ID
Parallel Session 31
Compressible flows and gas dynamics III: 5.12
Non-newtonian flows: 18.01-18.03
Thursday, October 17
th
, 2003, 15:35-16:35
Venue: Seminar Room 702
Chairman: Prof. J.K. Prasad Page

5.12 A Numerical Investigation on Transonic
Flow around a Converging-Diverging
Nozzle Considering External Stream
Interaction
A.B.M. Toufique Hasan,
Swarna Saha,
Md. Ashiqur Rahman
Bangladesh 97

18.01 Combined Pressure-Driven and
Electroosmotic Flow of Casson Fluid
through a Slit Channel
Chiu-On Ng Hong Kong 168

18.02 Stability of Viscoelastic Plane Poiseuille
Flow using Lambda Matrix
Priyanka Shukla India 168

18.03 Morphological features of xylem vessels
of motile Mimosa pudica
Kahye Song and
Sang Joon Lee
Korea 169

Program
45Page
Mini-Symposiums

ID
Mini-Symposium 1: New Energy Sources: Nuclear, Solar, Wind, Tidal and
Wave: 21.01-21.03
Tuesday, October 15
th
, 2003, 15:30-16:15
Venue: Seminar Room 303
Chairman: Prof. Osamu Sano Page

21.01 A Simple Semi-Empirical Model to
Predict Flowrate through Vertical Solar
Chimneys
Nguyen Quoc Y,
Deguchi Kiyokata
Vietnam 178

21.02 Computational Modeling of Design of
Low Cost Windmills for Sustainable
Energy Applications in the Rural Sector
R. Prasad, T. Shah,
M. Damodaran
India 178

21.03 Experimental and Numerical Studies on
Vertical-axis Type Wind Turbine
Y. Fukunishi, S. Shoda,
Y. Konishi, M. Shigeta and
S. Izawa
Japan 179

The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
46Page

ID
Mini-Symposium 2: Typhoon, Tsunami, Weather Simulation and Forecast:
22.01-22.05
Tuesday, October 15
th
, 2003, 16:15-17:30
Venue: Seminar Room 303
Chairman: Prof. H. Liu Page

22.01 In-homogeneity of wind field caused by
local terrain conditions and its influence
on surface flow in lakes
Bo Yao, Qingquan Liu China 180

22.02 Large eddy simulation of turbulence
over building clusters at high Reynolds
number
Bobin Wang,
Guixiang Cui,
Zhaoshun Zhang
China 180

22.03 Model Experiment on Wind Damage in
Forest: Considering the Effect of
Atmospheric Boundary Layer
Toshihiro Nakano,
Mohamad Nor Hafidz Arif
Bin Razali, Seiji Ichikawa,
Hitoshi Ishikawa
Japan 181

22.04 Jet and Mixing Characteristics in Single
Raindrop Splash Problem
An Yi, Liu Qingquan China 181

22.05 Climate Change: Precipitation Projection
for Vietnam Simulated by a
Super-high-resolution Model
Tran Dinh Trong,
Hoang Duc Cuong,
Nguyen Thanh Son
Vietnam 182

Program
47Page

ID
Mini-Symposium 3:
Water Resources, Flooding and Coastal Management I: 23.01-23.10
Wednesday, October 16
th
, 2003, 15:00-17:30
Venue: Seminar Room 303
Chairman: Prof. Nguyen Van Diep Page

23.01 Anomalous nature of sea-air temperature
difference during the summer monsoon
G S. Bhat India 183

23.02 Flood risk analysis under the impact of
climate change; A case study
in Kelani River basin, Sri Lanka
M.M.G.T. De Silva,
S.B. Weerakoon,
Srikantha Herath
Sri Lanka 184

23.03 Particle Method Simulation of Solid
Body Washed Away by Flood
S. Izawa, T. Hara, M.
Shigeta and Y. Fukunishi
Japan 184

23.04 Water source components computation
and its applications
Nguyen An Nien,
Tang Duc Thang
Vietnam 185

23.05 Using 1-2D coupling model to assess
impact of mean sea level rise due to
climate change on water level and
salinity at river mouths of the Mekong
Delta
Nguyen Tat Dac, Luong
Quang Xo
Vietnam 186

23.06 Mechanism of effect of sediment on
water environment in estuary area
Wang Daozeng,
Chen Hongxun and
Zhong Baochang
China 186

23.07 Resuspension of bottom sediment on
Inner Shelf - A case study of
North-Western coast of Taiwan
Anh Hoang, Hwa Chien,
Hao-Yuan Cheng
Vietnam 187

23.08 Monte Carlo approach to total storm-tide
water levels for sea dyke engineering of
Vietnam
Dinh Van Manh,
Le Nhu Nga,
Nguyen Thi Viet Lien
Vietnam 187

23.09 Numerical Simulation of Seepage
Failure of Levee Foundation
Peng Bo, Zhang Zhen China 188

23.10 Sensitivity analysis of water content on
landslide stability during porous flow
process
Zhang Zhen, Peng Bo China 188

The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
48Page

ID
Mini-Symposium 3:
Water Resources, Flooding and Coastal Management II: 23.11-23.17
Thursday, October 17
th
, 2003, 10:45-12:30
Venue: Seminar Room 303
Chairman: Prof. J.F. Zhou Page

23.11 Onset of Landslides due to the
Flow-Induced Waterway Formation in
Three-Dimension in a Granular Material
O. Sano, N. Sano,
Y. Takagi and Y. Yamada
Japan 188

23.12 Simulation of snowdrift over complex
underlying surfaces
Guang Li, Renke Wang,
Ning Huang
China 189

23.13 Study on operation of Hoa Binh
reservoir for downstream safety in the
hypothetical case of Son La dam-break
Luong Tuan Anh,
La Van Chu,
Tran Hong Thai
Vietnam 189

23.14 Application of RKDG Method to
Dam-break Simulation
Junwu Tian,
Xiangjiang Yuan
China 190

23.15 Study on the Automatic Operation
Procedure of Nhieu Loc Thi Nghe tidal
control sluice in Ho Chi Minh City
Vo Khac Tri, Truong Dinh
Chau, Nguyen Minh Trung,
Pham Khac Thuan
Vietnam 190

23.16 Test study on infiltration characteristics
of slurry in the sand
Fanlu Min, Daiwei Wei,
Rui Wang
China 191

23.17 Measurements and computational
simulations of the effects of sand-fixing
forest on the wind flow over two
underlying surface
Ke Jie Zhan, Ning Huang China 191


Program
49Page

Thursday, October 17
th
2013
16:40 - 17:30 Closing Ceremony
Venue: Auditorium 10th Floor
- Closing speech of the Chairman of AFMC, Prof. J. Li.
- Thanks of the Local Organization Committee, Assoc. Prof. Bui Dinh Tri




Friday, October 18
th
2013
7:00 Halong tour
8:00 Hanoi City tour (transport and lunch covered by LOC)




Saturday, October 19th 2013
Departure

The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
50Page




Invited Speakers
Invited Speakers
51Page

Invited Speaker
Plenary Session 1, Tuesday, October 15
th
2013, 9:45-10:30, Auditorium 10th Floor
Chairman: Prof. Jiachun Li




Prof. Robert I. Nigmatulin
Title of the Lecture:
Multiphases and Multiscale Phenomena and Real Sense (Physics,
Economics and Oceanology)


Personal Profile

Prof. Robert I. NIGMATULIN is a Real Member of Russian Academy of Sciences, Academy of
Sciences of Republic of Bashkortostan, Academy of Natural Sciences of Russian Federation,
Academy of Central Asia Academy (Uzbekistan), International Eastern Petroleum Academy
(Azerbaijan), He is also member of Editorial Advisory Board of various journals published by
renowned publishers such as Pergamon Press, Elsevier, Kluwer Academic Publishers, Begell House
Inc., Siberian Branch of Nauka (Novosibirsk, Russia), Tekhnika (Minsk, Belorussia).
Professor achieved many awards as Lenin Komsomol Prize Laureate (1973), USSR State Prize
Laureate (1983), Gold Medal of USSR Economical Achievement Exhibition (1989), First Prize of
Siberian Branch of USSR Academy of Sciences (1990), Makeev Gold Medal of Russian Federation
of Astronautica (1996), Tsiolkovski Gold Medal of the Russian Federation of Astronautics (2000),
Order of Honor (Decree of the President of Russian Federation, 2000).
He is the author of 8 books, has published more than 200 papers, 20 preprints and has owned 16
patents. He advised 39 PhD and 24 Dr. Sc (full doctor degree).
The current scientific interests are Mechanics and Thermophysics of Multiphase Systems,
Combustion and Explosion, Acoustics, Nuclear & Chemical Engineering, Petroleum Industry,
Safety.
Robert I. NIGMATULIN, Professor
Academician of Russian Academy of Sciences
Member of Presidium of Russian Academy of Sciences
Director of P.P. Shirsov Institute of Oceanology
Professor of Moscow State University named by M.V. Lomonosov
Scientific Chief of the Institute of Mechanics, Ufa Branch of Russian Academy of Sciences
P.P. Shirshov Institute of Oceanology, Russian Academy of Sciences,
36 Nakhimovsky ave, 119997, Moscow, Russia.
Email: nigmar@ocean.ru.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
52Page
Invited Speaker
Plenary Session 2, Tuesday, October 15
th
2013, 11:0-12:30, Auditorium 10th Floor
Chairman: Prof. G.S. Bhat



Prof. Jinjun Wang
Title of the Lecture:
Dielectric-Barrier-Discharge (DBD) Plasma Induced Wall Jet and Its
Application in Flow Control


Personal Profile

Prof. Wang grew up in China and obtained his BSc and MSC degrees from Wuhan University
(1979-1986) and PhD degree from Tsinghua University (1986-1990). He joined Beijing University
of Aeronautics and Astronautics in 1990, where he was Dean of School of Aeronautical Science and
Engineering from 1997 to 2003. He is currently the Director of Fluid Mechanics Institute at Beijing
University of Aeronautics and Astronautics.
Professor Wangs research revolves around experimental fluid mechanics, especially in flow
control, boundary layer transition, turbulence and vortex flow. He is Associate Editor of the Journal
of Aircraft and invited Editor of Science in China-Technological Sciences.

J. J. Wang, Professor,
Fluid Mechanics Key Laboratory of Education Ministry,
Beijing University of Aeronautics and Astronautics, Beijing 100191, China.
Email: jjwang@buaa.edu.cn.
Invited Speakers
53Page

Invited Speaker
Plenary Session 2, Tuesday, October 15
th
2013, 11:0-12:30, Auditorium 10th Floor
Chairman: Prof. G.S. Bhat



Prof. Yu Fukunishi
Title of the Lecture:
Study of Inner Ledge Effect on the Aerodynamic Noise Generation from a
Deep Cavity



Personal Profile

Fukunishi was born and grew up in Japan, and obtained his BSc, MSc and PhD degrees all from
University of Tokyo (1973-1982). His research advisor through the graduate school was Hiroshi
Sato, who is one of the founders of ACFM. After working in several institutions including
NASA/Ames (1984-1986), he joined Tohoku University in 1989, and is a professor since 2000.
Fukunishi's research fields cover experimental works on turbulent boundary layers,
laminar-turbulent transitions, flow controls, and CFD using a particle method.
Fukunishi serves as a vice-chairman of Asian Fluid Mechanics Committee, and a chairman of the
Fluids Engineering Division of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers. He is a Fellow of the
Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers and a Fellow of Japan Society of Fluid Mechanics.

Yu Fukunishi, Professor,
Department of Mechanical Systems and Design,
Graduate School of Engineering, Tohoku University, Japan.
Email: fushi@fluid.mech.tohoku.ac.jp.

The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
54Page
Invited Speaker
Plenary Session 3, Wednesday, October 16
th
2013, 9:00-10:30, Auditorium 10
th
Floor
Chairman: Prof. Yu Fukunishi


Prof. J.H. Arakeri
Title of the Lecture:
Satish Dhawan Lecture: Search for the ultimate regime in turbulent free
convection: Rayleigh - Benard convection and axially homogenous
convection in a vertical tube


Personal Profile

Prof Jaywant H Arakeri obtained his BTech from Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, in 1979,
ME from the Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, in 1981, and PhD from the California Institute
of Technology in 1987. All his degrees are in Aeronautics.
Jaywant H Arakeri has been in the faculty in the India Institute of Science since 1988. He is
currently a professor in Mechanical Engineering and Centre for Product Design and Manufacture.
He was chairman of the Mechanical Engineering department from 2005 to 2011. His research
interests are in Fluid Mechanics and Heat Transfer, in particular stability, transition and turbulence,
unsteady flows, turbulent natural convection, solar energy and ventilation.
He was awarded the Balhaus prize for best doctoral thesis in GALCIT in 1987 and for the best ME
student in Aeronautics at IISc in 1981. He is fellow of the Indian National Academy of Engineering
and India Academy of Sciences.

Jaywant H. Arakeri, Professor,
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560012, India.
E-mail: jaywant@mecheng.iisc.ernet.in.
Invited Speakers
55Page
Invited Speaker
Plenary Session 3, Wednesday, October 16
th
2013, 9:00-10:30, Auditorium 10
th
Floor
Chairman: Prof. Yu Fukunishi




Prof. Frederic Dias
Title of the Lecture:
New methods for sensitivity analysis and uncertainty quantification of
tsunamis


Personal Profile

Frederic Dias graduated from Ecole Centrale de Paris, a French engineering school, in 1984. He
received a PhD in Civil and Environmental Engineering from the University of Wisconsin,
Madison, USA, in 1986. He started his career in the US before coming back to France to join CNRS
in 1990. In 2000, he moved to Ecole Normale Superieure de Cachan and has been a Professor of
Applied Mathematics since. In 2009, he went to University College Dublin for a 5 year leave to
work on wave energy converters in close collaboration with industry. He is now leading a team of
15 people at UCD. In 2012, he received an advanced grant from the European Research Council
(ERC) to work on extreme wave events.
Frederic Dias is co-chief editor of the European Journal of Mechanics B/Fluids and Secretary
General of the International Union of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics (IUTAM).
Board appointments include: Scientific Council of the Fondation des Treilles, Technical Committee
of Eurogia+, the EUREKA Cluster for low-carbone energy technologies.

Frederic Dias, Professor,
University College Dublin, Belfield, Dublin 4, Ireland, and
CMLA, ENS Cachan, CNRS, 94230 Cachan, France.
Email: frederic.dias@ucd.ie.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
56Page
Invited Speaker
Plenary Session 5, Thursday, October 17
th
2013, 13:30-14:15, Auditorium 10th Floor
Chairman: Prof. Sang Joon Lee




Prof. Nhan PHAN-THIEN
Title of Keynote:
A Particle-Based Modeling of Multiphase Fluids by Dissipative Particle
Dynamics (DPD)


Personal Profile

Nhan Phan-Thien began his academic career after obtaining his PhD (Sydney University, Australia,
1978) at the University of Newcastle, Australia. In 1991 he was appointed a Personal Chair in
Mechanical Engineering at the University of Sydney. He was the Founding Chair in Bio
Engineering at the National University of Singapore from 2000-2004. Together with his wife, they
formed five private investment limited liability companies incorporated in California from
2004-2007. He was elected to the Australian Academy of Science in 1999. Currently, he is a
Professor in Mechanical Engineering and Bio Engineering.
His major awards include the 2003 Centenary Medal (by the Australian Governor General, for
service to Australian society and science in Mechanical Engineering), the 1997 Gordon Bell Prize
(for Parallel Algorithm in the Price-Performance category, by the Computer Division IEEE), the
1997 Australian Society of Rheology Medal (by the Australian Society of Rheology for
distinguished contributions to Rheology), and the 1982 Edgeworth David Medal (by the Royal
Society of New South Wales, for distinguished researches in science amongst younger workers in
Applied Mechanics). His research interest is in the broad areas of rheology, including multiphase
fluid; he has published more than 300 papers and five books, with an H-index of 44.

N. Phan-Thien, Professor,
Department of Mechanical Engineering,
National University of Singapore, Singapore 117575.
Email: nhan@nus.edu.sg.

Invited Speakers
57Page
Invited Speaker
Plenary Session 4, Thursday, October 17
th
2013, 9:00-10:30, Venue: Auditorium 10th Floor
Chairman: Prof. Duong Ngoc Hai




Prof. V.V. Kozlov
Title of the Lecture:
Physics of Transitional Shear Flows



Personal Profile

Prof. V.V. Kozlov is the Head of Laboratory of Aero-Physical Studies of Subsonic Flows at the
Khristianovich Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics SB RAS. Basically, he focuses on
hydrodynamic instability, the origin of turbulence, physics of separated flows, and separation
control being the author and co-author of more than 160 publications and 7 full-weight monographs.
Prof. V.V. Kozlov is a member of the International Steering Committees of the Asian Symposia on
Visualization since 1994, the International Conferences on the Methods of Aerophysical Research
since 1998, was the Chairman of two IUTAM Symposia in 1984 and 1990. Also he is a member of
the Russian National Committee of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics, European Mechanics
Society, and the European Conference for Aero-Space Sciences. Among his scientific awards are
the Silver Zsukovskij Medal for great contribution to the aviation theory from the Russian Academy
of Sciences and the Petrov Medal for great contribution to the hydrodynamic instability.
When training scientific personnel Prof. V.V. Kozlov was a supervisor of about 20 post-doc
students succeeded in their PhD. At present, he is a Full Professor at the Novosibirsk State
University presenting undergraduate courses in fluid dynamics and experimental methods in fluid
mechanics.

Victor V. Kozlov, Professor,
Institute of Theoretical and Applied Mechanics,
Russian Academy of Sciences, Siberian Branch, 630090 Novosibirsk, Russia.
Email: kozlov@itam.nsc.ru.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
58Page
Invited Speaker
Plenary Session 4, Thursday, October 17
th
2013, 9:00-10:30, Auditorium 10th Floor
Chairman: Prof. Duong Ngoc Hai





Prof. Kim Dan Nguyen
Title of the Lecture:
CFD and HPC for modeling sediment-transport in geophysical flows



Personal Profile
Kim Dan Nguyen was born and grew up in Hanoi (Vietnam). He was awarded a PhD by the
University Pierre and Marie Curie (Paris) in 1988 and a Doctor Habilit Diriger de Recherche
by the University of Lille I in 1993. From 1989 to 1993, he was appointed Associate Professor at
the University of Lille I and became a full Professor in September 1, 1993 at the University of Caen.
From August 2001 to July 2002, he was a visiting professor in the National Center for
Computational Hydro-sciences and Engineering (University of Mississippi, USA). Since 2008, he
has joined the Laboratory for Hydraulics Saint-Venant, Universit Paris-Est as Professor. In 2013,
He has been elected as Director Executive of the GIS HEDD (Group for Scientific Interest:
Hydraulics for Environment and for Sustainable Development), which groups 32 research
laboratories from French Universities, National Institutes in Hydraulics Research. He has been the
founder and the chairman of the IAHR-Symposiums THESIS (Two-pHase modeling for Sediment
dynamIcS) in 2011, 2013 and 2015 and member of the international Scientific Committee of a lot of
international conferences (IAHR, ICHE, ICEC, etc.). He has been guest-editor of the Journal
Advances in Water Resources, member of the Editorial board of the International Journal of
Sediment Research and Associate Editor of La Houille Blanche. K. Dan Nguyen has more than 30
years of experience on modeling for shallow water flows, for sediment transport by single- and
two-phase approaches. He has been coordinator of several regional and national European projects
in environment protection and flood management such as the FP4-Cuu-Long Project and
FP5-FLOCODS project. He has been a consulting engineer for several RTD Companies in
Computational Fluid Dynamics. He is the author of more than 150 publications. In 2002,
Vietnamese Minister of Researches and Technology granted award for his outstanding contribution
for the scientific development in Vietnam.

Kim Dan Nguyen, Professor,
Universit Paris-Est, Laboratory for Hydraulics Saint Venant,
ENPC, EDF R&D, CETMEF, 78400 Chatou, France.
Email: kimdan_nguyen@yahoo.fr.
Invited Speakers
59Page
Invited Speaker
Keynote Session 1, Wednesday, October 16
th
2013, 13:30-14:50, Auditorium 10
th
Floor
Chairman: Prof. Victor V. Kozlov





Prof. O.N. Ramesh
Title of the Lecture:
Some experiments in turbulent wall-bounded flows



Personal Profile

O.N. Ramesh got his Ph.D in Aerospace Engineering from the Indian Institute of Science in 1997.
During 1997-2000, he was a research associate at the Department of Engineering (Whittle
Laboratory), Cambridge University, England. He joined the Department of Aerospace Engineering,
Indian Institute of Science as a faculty member in 2000 where he is presently as Associate
Professor. His areas of research interest are: transitional and turbulent flows, vortex dynamics and
turbomachinery.

O.N. Ramesh, Professor,
Department of Aerospace Engineering,
Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore-56001, India.
Email: onr@aero.iisc.ernet.in.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
60Page

Invited Speaker
Keynote Session 1, Wednesday, October 16
th
2013, 13:30-14:50, Auditorium 10
th
Floor
Chairman: Prof. Victor V. Kozlov





Prof. Jianjun Tao
Title of the Lecture:
The Unified Transition Stages in Linearly Stable Shear Flows


Personal Profile

Tao Jian-Jun is a professor at the Department of Mechanics and Aerospace Engineering, Peking
University. He obtained his PhD in 1999 (Peking University, China), and his research interests
include natural convection, hydrodynamic instability, laminar-turbulent transition and flow control.
He was an A. v. Humboldt Fellow in 2004-2005, and a recipient of the Distinguished Young
Scholar Award (National Natural Science Foundation of China) in 2012.

Jianjun Tao, Professor,
SKLTCS and CAPT, Department of Mechanics and Engineering Science,
College of Engineering, Peking University, Beijing 100871, China.
Email: jjtao@pku.edu.cn.
Invited Speakers
61Page
Invited Speaker
Keynote Session 2, Wednesday, October 16
th
2013, 13:30-14:50, Seminar Room 923
Chairman: Prof. Song Fu





Prof. Hitoshi Ishikawa
Title of the Lecture:
Wake behind flexible and permeable body



Personal Profile

Prof. Ishikawa was born in Japan. He obtained his BSc, MSc and PhD degrees from Hokkaido
University, Japan (1992-1997). He worked in Hokkaido University as a research associate. He
joined the Department of Mechanical Engineering, Tokyo University of Science in 2003.
Professor Ishikawa's research interests are the turbulence, wake and flow control in fluid mechanics.
He is a member of the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers and the Japan Society of Fluid
Mechanics. He is on a board of the Visualization Society of Japan. One of his awards is JSME
Young Engineers Award (from the Japan Society of Mechanical Engineers).

H. Ishikawa, Professor,
Tokyo University of Science, Dept. of Mechanical Engineering,
Niijuku 6-3-1, Katsushika-ku, Tokyo, 125-8585 Japan.
Email: ishi@rs.tus.ac.jp.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
62Page

Invited Speaker
Keynote Session 2, Wednesday, October 16
th
2013, 13:30-14:50, Seminar Room 923
Chairman: Prof. Song Fu




Prof. Sanjeev Sanghi
Title of the Lecture:
Proper Orthogonal Decomposition and its Applications



Personal Profile

Sanjeev Sanghi is Professor in the Applied Mechanics Department at the Indian Institute of
Technology, Delhi. Having obtained his Bachelors degree in Mechanical Engineering from I.I.T.
Kanpur, he worked with John Lumley in turbulence modeling for his M.S. from Cornell University.
He got his Ph.D. from the Levich Institute of the City College of City University of New York. His
research interests include turbulence modeling, CFD, low dimensional dynamical systems,
non-linear dynamics and chaos. He has been a recipient of the Ralph Boliagno award for being the
most distinguished Teaching assistant at Cornell University and the Excellence in Teaching Award
at I.I.T. Delhi. He is also the Head for Educational technology Centre at I.I.T. Delhi.

Sanjeev Sanghi, Professor,
Department of Applied Mechanics,
Indian Institute of Technology Delhi, New Delhi, India.
Email: sanghi@am.iitd.ac.in



Abstracts
63Page





Abstracts
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
64Page
Plenary Lectures
ID 1.01
Multiphase and multiscale in oceanology, climatology and economics
R.I. NIGMATULIN
*
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: nigmar@ocean.ru
Climate change, global warming, possible anthropogenic effects on climate processes due to a rapid
growth of industry and agriculture are the most popular themes under discussion among the
ecological problems. One of the most important issues in climatology yet undecided is whether the
recent climate warming affects the deep ocean which may become the major long-term incoming
heat flux from the atmosphere? After all, the state of the atmosphere depends to a great extent on
the ocean the mass of which is 270 times as great as the mass of the atmosphere and heat capacity is
1,000 times as great. Hence, the ocean is the basic heat, greenhouse gas and moisture source and
flux for the atmosphere.
ID 1.02
Dielectric-Barrier-Discharge (DBD) Plasma Induced Wall Jet and
Its Application in Flow Control
J.J. Wang
*
, L.H. Feng
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: jjwang@buaa.edu.cn
The dielectric-barrier-discharge (DBD) plasma actuator is a recently developed active flow control
technique which attracts worldwide interests, and it is the basic characteristics of the DBD plasma
actuator that can induce a starting vortex and a wall jet. This paper will introduce some novel flow
control conceptions of the DBD plasma actuators based on the induced wall jet, such as plasma
synthetic jet actuator, plasma jet vectoring, three-dimensional plasma actuator, plasma vortex
generator, plasma circulation control, plasma Gurney flap, plasma spanwise oscillation, and plasma
spanwise travelling-wave. Moreover, the application of DBD plasma flow control in aeronautical
engineering is also addressed.
Keywords: Dielectric-Barrier-Discharge (DBD) plasma, wall jet, flow control, applications.

Abstracts
65Page
ID 1.03
Study of Inner Ledge Effect on the Aerodynamic Noise Generation from a Deep
Cavity
Yu Fukunishi*, Yoichiro Nishi, Masaya Shigeta and Seiichiro Izawa
*e-mail address of presenting authors: fushi@fluid.mech.tohoku.ac.jp
Experimental and numerical studies are performed to investigate a sound emitting laminar
separating flow over a deep cavity with a tiny ledge on the cavity sidewall. When a thin square bar
is attached on the downstream sidewall, the cavity noise is suppressed up to 20dB, which
corresponds to 50% of the peak value at the dominant frequency. In contrast, the cavity noise
becomes slightly louder when the bar is placed on the upstream sidewall. Three-dimensional
incompressible numerical simulations are also carried out under the same condition. No significant
differences are found in the flow structures whether the bar is present or not on the upstream
sidewall of the cavity. However, when the bar is installed on the downstream side, the separating
shear layer and the recirculating flow inside the cavity are change. In this case, a phenomenon of
the vortices rolled-up from the shear layer sometimes passing above the downstream cavity edge
without colliding is observed, which may result in weakening the feedback loop. These numerical
results are consistent with the experiment.
Keywords: Cavity Noise, Passive Control, square bar, recirculating flow.
ID 1.04
Satish Dhawan Lecture: Search for the ultimate regime in turbulent free
convection: Rayleigh-Benard convection and axially homogenous convection in a
vertical tube
Jaywant H. Arakeri
*
and Shashikant S. Pawar
*e-mail address of presenting author: jaywant@mecheng.iisc.ernet.in
We consider two types of turbulent free convection. One is the classical Rayleigh-Benard (R-B)
convection, i.e., the convection of unstably stratified fluid between two horizontal plates, and the
other the convection of unstably stratified fluid in a long vertical tube (tube convection). In R-B
turbulent convection, most experiments, even at the highest Rayleigh number (Ra) achieved so far
seem to show the classical Nu~Ra
1/3
scaling. The so called ultimate scaling Nu~Ra
1/2
predicted by
Kraichnan seems to be elusive. However, in tube convection this regime is easily achieved. Besides
much higher fluxes and Reynolds numbers are possible in tube convection than in R-B convection,
making it an attractive flow to study.
Keywords: turbulent free convection, Rayleigh-Benard convection, ultimate regime, tube
convection.

The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
66Page

ID 1.05
New methods for sensitivity analysis and uncertainty quantification of tsunamis
F. Dias*, S. Guillas, N. Vayatis, A. Sarri, T.S. Stefanakis, E. Contal, C.E. Synolakis
*e-mail address of presenting author: frederic.dias@ucd.ie
In recent years, developments in computer science and increases of computational power have
further reduced the cost of numerical compared to physical experiments. However, each simulation
has computational cost, which increases with model complexity and spatio-temporal resolution.
Therefore, a series of experiments with a specific objective, such as maximization / minimization of
an output, needs to be carefully designed, in order to reach the desired conclusion with the least
number of experiments. Thus, finding the argmaxx f(x) where f(x) is the output of the experiment is
not trivial, since the analytical expression of f(x) is not known a priori; x is a ndimensional vector,
where n is the number of parameters on which the output depends. The difficulty of the problem
increases with n. The direct approach which involves creating regular grids and testing all possible
reasonable combinations of the n parameters is prohibitively expensive.
For this reason, sampling techniques have been developed which aim to reduce the number of
numerical experiments by finding a representative sample in the input space. These techniques are
commonly referred to as experimental design and are static, meaning that the design (sampling) is
made initially, before the execution of the experiments, and the selection of the future query points
is not guided by the experimental results. In this procedure, all such designed points are queried.
This has been a substantial advancement, compared to the regular grids approach, but still involves
massive computations. More recently, adaptive design and machine (or statistical) learning
algorithms have been developed for the active experimental design. They use already computed
results as a guide to select future query points. To achieve this, a statistical model of the experiment
is built, and is constantly updated as new results arrive. Using the predictions of this statistical
model (emulator), future query points are selected according to the objective of the experiment,
until the objective has been achieved.
This dynamic approach further reduces the computational costs and allows investigation of larger
parameter ranges. Moreover, building such an emulator has further advantages, the most important
one being the ability to use it instead of the actual simulator, since it is much less computationally
demanding to evaluate, and thus can be applied very rapidly. This can be a substantial advantage in
tsunami prediction, when a quick forecast is needed. Depending on the emulator, it is also possible
to perform a sensitivity analysis of the model output to the several input parameters. A recent and
likely the first example of an emulator built in the context of tsunami research is that of Sarri et al.,
who emulated landslidegenerated tsunamis on a plane beach, based on the theoretical model of
Sammarco & Renzi. A second example is that of Stefanakis et al., who studied tsunami run-up on a
plane beach behind a small conical island, compared to an adjacent lateral location on the beach,
not directly influenced by the presence of the island.
Abstracts
67Page
ID 1.06
A Particle-Based Modeling of Multiphase Fluids by Dissipative Particle
Dynamics (DPD)
N. Phan-Thien
*
, B.C. Khoo and N. Mai-Duy
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: nhan@nus.edu.sg
In this talk, we review the Dissipative Particle Dynamics (DPD), a promising particle-based method
that satisfy conservation laws, discuss some past and recent issues, including dynamic response,
compressibility and low Reynolds number flows, and introduce a new suspension model, where the
suspended particles are modeled by just a few DPD particles. Viscometric results for the reduced
viscosity and normal stress differences show some degrees of shear thinning for the viscosity,
positive first and then negative first normal stress difference, and negative normal stress difference,
consistent with published data. Results of the reduced viscosity (at low shear rate) versus volume
fraction agree well with well-known empirical data.
Keywords: Dissipative Particle Dynamics, DPD, Multiphase Flow Modeling, Suspensions.
ID 1.07
Physics of transitional shear flows
A.V. Boiko, A. V. Dovgal, G. R. Grek, V. V. Kozlov
*
*e-mail address of presenting author: kozlov@itam.nsc.ru
A summary of recently published book on hydrodynamic stability and transition phenomena in
incompressible shear layers with the same title as that of the present contribution to the EUCASS
proceedings is given. The objective is to emphasize the milestones of the edition which is aimed,
most of all, at university and postgraduate students starting with the problem and may be of interest
for the experienced transition community, as well.
Keywords: shear flows, flow visualization, instability, transition phenomena, hot-wire anemometry.
ID 1.08
CFD and HPC for modeling sediment-transport in geophysical flows
Kim Dan Nguyen
*
, Damien Pham-Van-Bang, Miguel Uh and Quoc Lan Phan

*
e-mail address of presenting authors: kimdan_nguyen@yahoo.fr
This paper presents a brief review on the CFD techniques and HPC for sediment transport modeling
by two approaches: single and two-phase ones. The physical concept and the mathematical
background of numerical models for sediment transport and turbidity maximum using the both
approaches are given. The numerical results obtained from modeling of sediment transport and
turbidity maximum using both approaches are presented to illustrate the ideas presented
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
68Page
Keynote Lectures
ID 2.01
Some experiments in turbulent wall-bounded flows
O.N. Ramesh*, S.A. Dixit and V. Dhamotharan
*
e-mail address of presenting author: onr@aero.iisc.ernet.in
We present the results from experiments conducted in two different configurations of wall bounded
turbulent flows. The two configurations are turbulent boundary layers under zero and favorable
pressure gradients and the so-called turbulent wall jet evolving over a smooth wall.
Keywords: turbulent boundary layer, zero pressure gradient, sink flow, wall jet, counter-gradient
diffusion, structure.
ID 2.02
The Unified Transition Stages in Linearly Stable Shear Flows
Jianjun Tao* and Xiangming Xiong
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: jjtao@pku.edu.cn
Abrupt transition to turbulence may occur in pipe and channel flows at moderate flow rates, an
unexpected event according to linear stability theory, and the transition scenario has been an open
problem in fluid dynamics for more than a century. By extensive numerical simulations and
statistical analysis of the plane-Poiseuille flow, a sequence of transition stages, which includes the
equilibrium localized turbulence, the temporally persistent turbulence and the uniform turbulence,
is identified. The spread of turbulent band is mainly caused by an oblique extension at moderate
Reynolds numbers and band splitting at high Reynolds numbers. The small scale regime of a
turbulent band coincides with the oblique swirl region of the mean flow in planes parallel to the
walls. Furthermore, this transition scenario is shown quantitatively to be universal for channel and
pipe flows in terms of a locally defined Reynolds number.
Keywords: plane-Poiseuille flow, transition, localized turbulence.
Abstracts
69Page
ID 2.03
Wake behind Flexible and Permeable Body
Hitoshi ISHIKAWA*
*e-mail address of presenting author: ishi@rs.tus.ac.jp
In the flow passing through the permeable hollow cylinder, which was made of porous materials
like a wire net, the recirculation region in the wake was observed in not directly behind the body
but in further downstream region. This was because velocity gradient between the wake center
region which flow passed through the permeable body and the main flow was small. Therefore, the
roll-up of shedding vortices was retarded compared with the case of a normal circular cylinder.
Fluid force acting on the flexible body deforms the body's shape. The wake structure around the
flexible body became similar to the of a streamline shape body. The live tree in nature, which has
both the permeability and the flexibility, is one of smart body in fluid dynamics. The wake structure
behind the body which has the flexibility and the flow permeability was investigated by the wind
tunnel experiment.
Keywords: Wake, Natural Live Tree, Flexibility, Flow Permeability.
ID 2.04
Proper Orthogonal Decomposition and its Applications
Sanjeev Sanghi* and Nadeem Hasan
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: sanghi@am.iitd.ac.in
The Proper Orthogonal Decomposition (POD) has become a very useful tool in the analysis and low
dimensional modeling of flows. It provides an objective way of identifying the coherent structures
in a turbulent flow. In this paper we discuss the different applications of POD in fluid flows with
and without heat transfer.
The first case discussed is the near wall turbulent boundary layer where experimental data is used to
generate the POD eigen functions. Low dimensional models based on POD mimic the flow and
incorporate features like the bursting of streaks.
The application of POD to the case of a thermally driven two-dimensional flow of air in a
horizontal rotating cylinder, subject to Boussinesq approximation, is presented in details. The data
for the POD analysis is obtained by numerical integrations of the governing equations of mass,
momentum and energy. The decomposition based on POD modes or eigen functions is shown to
converge to within 5% deviation of the computational data for a maximum of 15 modes for the
different cases. The translational symmetry in both space and time of the pair of modes having
degenerate (equal) eigen values confirms the presence of travelling waves in the flow for several
cases of Ra

. The shifts in space and time of the structure of the degenerate modes, is utilized in the
estimation of wave speeds in a given direction. The low-dimensional models are constructed
employing a Galerkin procedure. For each of the five cases of Ra

, the low-dimensional models


yield accurate qualitative as well as quantitative behavior of the system. Not more than 20 modes
are required in the low-dimensional models to accurately model the system dynamics. The ability of
low-dimensional models to accurately predict the system behavior for the set of parameters
different from the one they were constructed from is also examined.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
70Page
Parallel Lectures
Topic: Aeroacoustics and Aerodynamics
ID 3.01
Experimental Study of Aerodynamic Damping of an Elastic Launch Vehicle in
the First Free-Free Bending Mode
Chen Ji
*
, Feng Li, Ziqiang Liu and Kui Bai
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: jichen167@sina.com
The aerodynamic damping of a launch vehicle with boosters was measured at Mach numbers from
0.70 to 1.05 in transonic wind tunnel. The scaled aeroelastic model was designed to simulate the
full-scale vehicle mass ratio parameter and reduced frequency. The elastic model was supported on
a sting by leaf springs at the node points of the first free-free mode. The aerodynamic damping in
each mode was determined by measuring the total damping with the wind on and subtracting from
that value the structural damping ratio determined with the wind off. ERA method was used to
identify the damping of each mode with or without wind on. The experimental results showed that
near Mach 0.90 the aerodynamic damping became lower than the results of the Mach numbers
nearby. The effects on the aerodynamic damping of the first free-free mode nature frequency were
also investigated.
Keywords: Aerodynamic Damping; Aeroelasticity; Launch Vehicles; Transonic Speed; Wind
Tunnel Test.
ID 3.02
Prediction of Launch Vehicle Noise during Lift-off using
a Modified Eldreds Method
S. Ashwin Kumar and N. Karthikeyan
*e-mail address of presenting author: ashwinkumar@nal.res.in
The jet noise is the main cause of the vibro-acoustic loading and internal noise (noise felt by the
payload and critical launch vehicle systems) experienced by the launch vehicle during lift-off phase.
Techniques such as water injection are being attempted to reduce the launch vehicle noise during
lift-off and its impact on the sensitive payload and sub-systems of the launch vehicle are yet to be
studied. The current work deals with estimation of noise levels on the entire launch vehicle using a
modified version of Eldred's method. The prediction algorithm takes into account the three
dimensional nature of jet deflector and consequent distribution of noise sources. Effect of water
injection on the lift-off noise levels is also attempted. Results show that due to the three
dimensional nature of the sources, the noise levels on the front side is higher (~1dB) than on the
umbilical tower side. Employment of water injection is found to decrease the noise levels up to
1.5dB at high frequencies.
Keywords: Launch Vehicle Noise, Water Injection, Noise suppression.
Abstracts
71Page

ID 3.03
Surface pressure fluctuations over a typical launch vehicle configuration in
transonic regime
Rajan Kurade
*
, Buddhadeb Nath, D. B. Singh, A. E. Sivaramakrishnan, V. R. Ganesan
*
e-mail address of presenting author: rajankurade@nal.res.in
Experiments were carried out investigating the features of unsteady surface pressure fluctuations on
a scaled launch vehicle configuration in transonic regime. The tests were performed in 1.2m trisonic
wind tunnel in the Mach number range of 0.8 to 1.8. The angle of incidence is varied in the range of
-4
0
to +4
0
. Flow visualization studies employing shadowgraph technique were carried out to infer
features like separation, reattachment, and shock waves in the flow. Inter-skirt downstream region
experiences highest overall unsteady pressure fluctuations which increases with Mach number
reaching the maximum at M = 1.1 and subsequently reduces for the higher Mach numbers. Angle of
incidence has insignificant effect on unsteady pressure fluctuations

elsewhere

except behind the
inter-skirt region. A typical amplitude spectra of pressure fluctuations and cross correlation show
the existence of a normal shock oscillating at a low frequency in the inter-skirt downstream region
at Mach number of 1.05 and the same is confirmed through the shadowgraph image.
Keywords: Unsteady pressure fluctuations, Transonic flows, Shock oscillation
ID 3.04
Design of End Plates for a Six Inch Fixed Wing Micro Air Vehicle
Hemant Sharma
*
, V. Murari, Prasobh Narayanan, Dinesh Sain, C.S. Suraj

*
Email address of presenting author: hemantsh.aero@gmail.com
The design of fixed wing micro air vehicles with a maximum span of six inches requires careful
design/selection of the airfoil for low pitching moment and better aerodynamic efficiency at low
Reynolds numbers, low pressure drag by blended wing body design and optimal design of end
plates for reduced zero-lift drag and better lateral-directional stability. In this paper, results of an
experimental study to optimize the end plates in order to reduce the induced drag and increase the
lateral-directional stability have been reported. Two end plates were placed to observe the
aerodynamic performance compared with the baseline configuration (without end plates). It was
found that with a variation in the height of the end plates, the aerodynamic parameters (C
L
, C
D
and
C
L
/C
D
) does not increase or decrease in a straight-forward manner. The aerodynamic efficiency is
however found to substantially increase (a maximum of 234%) in the presence of end plates. The
Lift and Drag are found to increase and decrease respectively for all the angles of attack tested.
Keywords: MAV, End Plates, Winglets, Induced Drag, Aerodynamic Efficiency, Low Aspect Ratio,
Low Reynolds Number.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
72Page

ID 3.05
Experimental Investigation of Aerodynamic Forces generated by the Flapping
Wing Micro Air vehicle
Parag Deshpande*, Roshan Antony, S.P. Das, Krishna Veera, Anirudh Rajaseshan, Deepali
Singh and G. Ramesh
*e-mail address of presenting authors: p_j_deshpande@yahoo.com
An experimental study was conducted to understand the effect of different wing planform shapes on
the generation of the aerodynamic forces in flapping wing MAV. It is found that in general there is
an increasing trend of lift and thrust force with increase in the frequency of flapping on in wind-off
condition. However, in wind-on condition, the thrust becomes drag force and it increases with the
increase in the flapping frequency. Rectangular wing planform found to have better aerodynamics
characteristics as compared to elliptical and semi-elliptical wing planforms.
Keywords: Flapping frequency, aerodynamic forces, leading edge vortex.
ID 3.06
Lateral Jet Interaction on a Slender Body in Supersonic Flow
Shijie Luo*, Yaofeng Liu, Ning Cao
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: lord.p@163.com
The lateral jet interaction on a slender body with rudders in supersonic flow was investigated by
numerical simulation, when the lateral jet is not in the longitudinal symmetry plane. The Surface
and space flow features of jet interaction flowfield with different angles of attack was analyzed. As
a result, the jet interaction destroys pressure distributions of the slender body, and causes normal
and lateral loads. With angle of attack, the pressure distributions of the after body and rudders
surfaces are change tempestuously, the lateral load occurs positive interaction and negative
interaction. The results show that the far-field interference played a major role in the lateral jet
interaction. Besides, the force/moment amplification factors present highly nonlinear with angle of
attack.
Keywords: slender body, lateral jet interaction, near-field interaction, far-field interaction
Abstracts
73Page
ID 3.07
Experimental study on sound radiation from a rectangular cylinder at low Mach
numbers
Ressa Octavianty*, Ayumu Inasawa and Masahito Asai
*e-mail address: ressa@aero.sd.tmu.ac.jp
Vortex shedding and associated sound radiation from a rectangular cylinder with the aspect ratio
from AR=0.3 to 4 are examined experimentally at Reynolds number Re=710
4
and Mach number
M=0.15, where the lift-dipole generated sound dominated the acoustic field. The intensity of the
sound becomes the strongest at AR=0.75, in which vortex formation occurred immediately
downstream the cylinder, and decreases monotonically with increasing the aspect ratio up to
AR=2.5. The sound becomes pronounced again when the flow separated at the upstream corners
reattaches to the surface at AR3.
Keywords: aerodynamic sound, vortex shedding, rectangular-cylinder wake
ID 3.08
New method for measuring Mach number distribution of hypersonic complex
flow
Tiejin Wang*, Feng Li
*email address: tiej701@163.com
A new method for measuring the Mach number distribution of the hypersonic complex flow is
presented. In the method, the relation of flow densities before and after a normal shock wave is
utilized as an equation of the local Mach number of the flow field in the calculation of measurement
results. The ratio of densities upstream and downstream the normal shock wave induced by a Pitot
probe is measured through an optical method and the feasibility of the optical method is testified in
details. The error of the new method is analyzed, and the possible application to the hypersonic
complex flow with unknown specific heat ratio is also discussed.
Keywords: measurement method, Mach number, hypersonic, complex flow, density ratio, optical
method.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
74Page
ID 3.09
Self- sustained cavity oscillation for a wide range of Mach numbers
K.M. Nair and S. Sarkar*
*e-mail address of presenting authors: subra@iitk.ac.in
Flow past an open cavity has been analyzed to understand the flow instability and influence of
acoustic waves in sustaining oscillations for a wide range of Mach numbers. Unsteady compressible
Navier-Stokes equations are solved directly (without model) following AUSM+up algorithm. The
present study illustrates formation of shear layer, its rollup and shock-shear layer interactions as the
Mach number increases. Hydrodynamic instability, rather than the acoustic wave, is the cause of
self-sustained oscillation for subsonic flow, whereas, shock and expansion waves dictate the cavity
oscillation and thus, the sound pressure level for supersonic flow. The present numerical simulation
resolves well shock structures, their convection and impingement with aft wall generating acoustic
waves.
Keywords: Cavity Oscillations, Mach number, AUSM+up, shock waves, acoustic feedback.
ID 3.10
Experimental investigation of fluctuating pressure over a double delta wing at
transonic Mach number
M. Prasath, Vinay Kumar Srivastava, V.R. Ganesan, M.M. Patil, A.E. Sivaramkrishnan, Rajan
Kurade & G. K. Suryanarayana
*
e-mail address of presenting author: m_prasath@vssc.gov.in
Fluctuating pressure measurements have been carried out on double delta wing of a generic winged
body configuration at transonic Mach numbers of 0.8 to 1.2. The angle of attack was varied from
-5 to 24. The variation of fluctuating pressure co-efficient (Cp
rms
) on double delta wing for angles
of attack -5 to 5 is very minimal compared to higher angles of attack. It is also found out that the
variation of Cp
rms
with Mach numbers is almost constant for the port on the wing at angles of attack
ranging from -5 to 5. The variation in Cp
rms
is strongly felt at all Mach numbers at higher angles
of attack () for the port on the wing. To understand the surface pressure fluctuations, oil flow
visualization studies have been carried out at selected Mach numbers.
Keywords: Fluctuating pressure, Winged-body, Transonic, double delta wing.
Abstracts
75Page
ID 3.11
Research on the Effects of Wing Camber on Supersonic Wing and Airplane
Aerodynamic Performance
X. L. Wang*, A. L. Gong, J. H. Li, P. Bai
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: wangxl@buaa.edu.cn
Wing aerodynamic design is very important to airplane design. Symmetrical airfoils with zero
camber were usually selected for supersonic wing based on the theory that the camber leads no lift
but drag on supersonic condition, and camber are used for improving taking off and landing
performance. Camber effects were analyzed on supersonic cruise condition. The quasi YF-23
airplane is selected as base airplane. Results show that certain camber could be benefit for
supersonic cruise performance.
All cases were computed on Ma=3.5. CFD method based on Euler equations was proposed for lift
and pressure drag coefficients, and engineering method was proposed for friction drag coefficient
respectively. Internal flow was omitted by setting the inlet entrances as solid walls.
The effect of camber on wing and airplane aerodynamic coefficients were analyzed, pressure
contour distribution were also presented. It is shown that the wing CAp is more sensitive to camber,
the airplane CN and CL are oppositely. Camber has certain effect on lift-to-drag (L/D) ratio.
Results show that 1.5% camber could lead to about 1% L/D improvement on design condition.
Keywords: Supersonic wing design, Wing camber, Aerodynamic design, Euler equations.
ID 3.12
Calculating aerodynamic characteristics of swept-back wings
Nguyen Manh Hung, Hoang Thi Bich Ngoc*, Nguyen Hong Son
*e-mail address of presenting authors: hoangthibichngoc@yahoo.com
The aerodynamic shape of the wing is corresponding to the movement speed of the aircraft. The
sweep angles of wing are important parameters to determine the form of wings and they directly
influence wing aerodynamic characteristics. The report presents numerical results of aerodynamic
characteristics depending on the sweep angles of the leading edge and the trailing edge. In this
work, we use the singularity method of doublet distribution on 3D wing for potential flows that
satisfies the conditions of wake in cases of steady and unsteady flows. In order to consider the
effect of viscosity, the calculation uses the built code and Fluent software. From the analysis results,
we can determine the range of high performance applications of rectangular and trapezoidal wings
for subsonic flows.
Keywords: 3D wing, singularity method, sweep angles
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
76Page

ID 3.13
The selection of scaling velocity for aerodynamic forces of three-dimensional
flapping wings
K. B. Lua*, T. T. Lim and K. S. Yeo
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: mpelkb@nus.edu.sg
The study of unsteady aerodynamics of flapping wing has attracted considerable attention in recent
years. To facilitate meaningful comparison of research data from various research groups,
aerodynamic forces are scaled with the square of some reference velocity. The most commonly
used reference velocity is the average wing tip velocity ( ) or the average velocity at the location
of second moment of area ( ). Due to dissimilar experimental setups and computational
configurations used by various research groups, the question arises as to which scaling velocity is
more appropriate to facilitate meaningful comparison of results. This paper is an attempt to address
this issue. Three geometrically similar rigid fruitfly wing of different sizes were tested. Results
show that aerodynamic forces scaled by gives a significantly better convergence of force
coefficient data than those scaled by , which displays distinct discrepancies and deviations. This
finding suggests that is a more appropriate scaling velocity for aerodynamics forces if
meaningful comparison is to be made of results from various research groups. It is further supported
by comparison with computational and experimental results obtained in open literature.
Keywords: Flapping wing, Unsteady aerodynamics, Force Measurement, Scaling velocity
ID 3.14
Study of Wing Flutter by a Coupled Fluid-Structure Method
T. K. D. Hoang
*
, P. K. Nguyen and M. N. Tran
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: dunghtk.dase@gmail.com or khanhnp.hust@gmail.com
Airplane structures are not completely rigid, and aeroelastic phenomena arise when structural
deformations induce changes on aerodynamic forces. The additional aerodynamic forces cause an
increase in the structural deformations, which leads to greater aerodynamic forces in a feedback
process. These interactions may become smaller until a condition of equilibrium is reached, or may
diverge catastrophically if resonance occurs. Flutter is an instability phenomenon of aeroelasticity
which is the most difficult to predict. An integrated computational fluid dynamics and
computational structural dynamics method (FSI) is developed for the simulation and prediction the
limit of flutter. Flutter boundary predictions by FSI method are compared with experimental data
for a three-dimensional AGARD 445.6 wing
[1]
.
Keywords: Aeroelasticity; Flutter; FSI.
Abstracts
77Page
ID 3.15
Numerical Investigation of PGMM Shell with Pin-Protuberance in Subsonic
Flight
Salimuddin Zahir*

and Jameel Ahmad Khan
*e-mail address of presenting authors: cfdpak@apollo.net.pk
A sensitivity analysis was performed for a deployable pin mounted on a Precision Guided Mortar
Munition (PGMM) shell, in subsonic flight for its directional control. Results of computational
aerodynamic study are presented for use of a mechanical device as a short pin-protuberance
attached to the shell for its effectiveness in controlling the projectile trajectory. Obstacles as short
pins, provides a source of complex flow interactions, creating a strong asymmetric aerodynamic
normal force used in its directional control through an induced pitching moment. Pressure
distribution along the projectiles longitudinal direction in presence of the pin-protuberance was
studied using numerical simulations through varying pin extension. For shells flight at Mach 0.6
with an angle of incidence of -4 to 6 degrees, static aerodynamic coefficients were computed. The
validated numerical results was used to investigate the flowfield interactions by correctly captured
dominant pressure peaks location and its strength, regions of separated flow associated with the
upstream flowfield of the pin and location of the zone of influence of low pressures, in the pins aft.
With an altered pressure distribution, a net increase in the aerodynamic force is obtained which
potentially can get optimized through pin-height adjustments as per required flight control and
pitch-divert maneuver of the projectile.
Keywords: Subsonic flow, PGMM, Jet Interaction (JI), Pin-protuberance, CFD, Axial pressure
distribution, Circumferential pressure distribution, Static aerodynamic coefficients, Mach number,
Static stability.
ID 3.16
Analysis on the Trim Characteristic Impact of Recession on the re-entry capsule
XU Guowu ZHOU Weijiang CHEN Bingyan ZHAN Huiling
*e-mail address of presenting authors: elexgw@163.com
Numerical simulation is using to analyze the trim characteristic of the Soyuz re-entry capsule. Also
the aerodynamic characteristic especially the trim characteristic is researched on the aerodynamic
shape which is changed due to the recession of thermal protection thickness. The result indicates
that absolute value of the trim angle of attack and trim L/D is decreasing with mach number
increasing in hypersonic flow(Ma>8), and the shape change due to the recession of thermal
protection thickness makes absolute value of the trim angle of attack increasing, while makes the
trim L/D decreasing. These results tally with the conclusion in reference [2]. The research in this
paper fills the blank of inland research in the area, and also offers reference for the aerodynamic
layout design and improves of the Soyuz re-entry capsule.
Keywords: re-entry capsule, trim angle of attack, trim L/D, recession
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
78Page

ID 3.17
Experimental Study on the Aerodynamics of a Rugger Ball in Spin Pass
Hajime Nakano, Koichiro Takamure, Hiroaki Mihara, Jiro Funaki and Katsuya Hirata
*e-mail address of presenting author: khirata@mail.doshisha.ac.jp
To reveal the aerodynamic characteristics of such a prolate-spheroid ball used on rugby football and
American football, the authors conduct field observations and wind-tunnel experiments. In the field
observations, the authors carry out three-dimensional measurements using a pair of synchronized
high-speed video cameras. Referring to the field observations, the authors carry out the wind-tunnel
experiments, where a simple prolate-spheroid model fixed in a uniform mainstream at a Reynolds
number Re = 2.1105 and a tip-speed ratio
*
= 0 0.55 and attack angle = 0. As a result, the field
observations reveal that Remean and
*
mean (temporally-averaged Re and
*
over one flight) of a
rugger ball in spin pass varies between 2.1105 and 2.9105 and between 0.30 and 0.55,
respectively. When the flight path is over the parabolic orbit,
*
EA (ensemble-average
*
mean) = 0.44.
On the other hand, when the flight path is under the parabolic orbit
*
EA = 0.34. The wind-tunnel
experiments reveal that the wake tends to become the narrowest at
*
= 0.5, and that the momentum
deficit attains the maximum at
*
= 0.5 as well.
Keywords: Rugby, American Football, Aerodynamics, Spin Pass, Spiral Kick.
ID 3.18
Pressure Measurements on a Landing Gear Bay Cavity Model
Anand R. Rao*, Bikshapathi M., Gopinath N. and D. Koner
*e-mail address of presenting author: anand_rr@nal.res.in
Opening bay doors at high aircraft speeds can result in extreme flow instabilities and associated
severe aero acoustic phenomena can compromise the aircraft structure and crew. To understand the
internal flow in open bay cavities, tests were conducted on a scaled landing gear bay model in the
Mach number range of 0.5 to 1.30, and = 0 deg in 0.6m wind tunnel of NAL, Bangalore. The
planform of the cavity is trapezoidal. Investigations were carried out on four different
configurations to find the effect of opening and closing the front and (aft) cover plates/doors on the
steady, unsteady pressures and the flow structures in the cavity. Correlating pressure data with oil
flow visualization it can be concluded high unsteady pressures are due to (a) separation of flow
nearer to the rear cavity wall and (b) presence of cover plate which acts as a resonant column. In the
absence of cover plate, the unsteadiness decreases. In general, presence or absence of cover plate
causes the unsteadiness also to vary accordingly.
Keywords: flow separation, pressure fluctuation, cavity flows, steady pressure, unsteady pressure
etc.
Abstracts
79Page

ID 3.19
Numerical simulation of aerodynamic performance for a quadrotor UAV
HOANG Thanh Tung, NGUYEN Phu Hung
*

*
e-mail address of presenting authors: hung.nguyenphu@hust.edu.vn
In recent years, quadrotor Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) were widely developed thanks to
many advantages of this kind of UAV in vertical take-off and landing, hovering ability and
maneuverability in a narrow area. The characteristics of flight dynamic and control of
quadrotor were reported in several studies [1, 2]. The considered object in this paper is a V-1
quadrotor that has useful payload of 2 kg, ceiling of 300 m and operation range of 5 km. The study
on aerodynamic characteristic is an important stage in the design process of the V-1 quadrotor that
allows optimizing the flight performance as well as evaluating the stability of the UAV. The CFD
simulations were carried out with the UAVs 3D full scale model in order, deeply, to understand the
streamlines pattern and the aerodynamic interaction between four propellers. The aerodynamic
analysis of the rotary wing in take-off/hovering was performed using the Multiple Reference Frame
(MRF) model of Ansys Fluent software. The obtained results about aerodynamic forces, interaction
among the propellers are the basis for the detailing design of V-1.
Keywords: Quadrotor, Aerodynamic, CFD
ID 3.20
High-Speed Type Selection DPIV Experiment of Aircraft Nose
Zhan Huang
*
, Hong Wei Wang, Jiang Zhang, Tao Mao and Lang Li
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: xunfang05@sohu.com
In the 1.2m transonic wind tunnel of CAAA, a DPIV experiment of certain aircraft nose high-speed
type selection was completed. Through the experiment, the flow field characteristics of two aircraft
nose models were obtained. When cruising flight, flow field of aircraft nose is smooth, and it dont
exist both flow separation and supersonic domain. During fast cruising flight, local and weak
supersonic domain exists on the top of aircraft nose but flow separation doesnt exist. The
experiment data accord with the aerodynamic law and can be regarded as the aerodynamic design
foundation.
Keywords: aircraft nose; DPIV; high-speed type selection; wind tunnel test.

The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
80Page
ID 3.21
The Application of DPIV in Internal Drag Measurement of Hypersonic
Flow-Through Model
Zhan Huang
*
, Hong Wei Wang, Yan Zhang and Lang Li
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: xunfang05@sohu.com
To obtain aerodynamic characteristics of hypersonic vehicle with air-breathing inlet, internal drag
measurement of hypersonic flow-through model is usually required. But being the asymmetry of
scramjet nozzle, it is difficult to measure outlet flow of hypersonic flow-through model, and there is
large error problem in internal drag measurement. In this paper, through the combination of DPIV
and total pressure rake which were applied to measure velocity vector field and total pressure field
of outlet flow from scramjet nozzle, mean Mach number and mean static pressure could be
computed indirectly, and internal drag measurement of hypersonic flow-through model was
achieved. The results show that particle images of DPIV can clearly display the interface between
internal and external flow and the wakes of boundary layer. DPIV can supply accurate velocity
vector fields which possess more and more information than measurement result of traditional test
technique. As a powerful test tool, DPIV can play an important role in the research of hypersonic
air vehicle.
Keywords: DPIV; flow-through model; hypersonic vehicle; internal drag measurement; scramjet
nozzle.
ID 3.22
Numerical Simulation Unsteady Flow and Research on Dynamic Characteristics
of an Airfoil by RANS Based CFD
Chao Wang
*
, Peng-ju Hu, Feng Li, Yun-jun Yang
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: caaawangchao@163.com
The purpose of this paper is to simulate the unsteady aerodynamics of a moving airfoil with the use
of an advanced structured time-accurate Navier-Stokes equation. Dual time-step approach in
conjunction with LU-SGS implicit method was utilized. Roe scheme was brought in for space
discretization, in combined with stiff moving grid generation technology. The S-A and BL
turbulence model were used to test the CFD method. Results have shown that low mean incidence
angles and subsonic Mach numbers this method perform well when compared to experimental data.
Finally the effect of reduced frequency and Mach number of the unsteady aerodynamic is studied.
Keywords: Unsteady flow simulation, Oscillating airfoil aerodynamics, Dual time-step.
Abstracts
81Page

ID 3.23
Calculating shock wave angles and drags of supersonic flows through cones and
wedges
Hoang Thi Bich Ngoc*, Nguyen Manh Hung
*E-mail address of presenting authors: hoangthibichngoc@yahoo.com
The aerodynamic shape of cone and wedge are used for supersonic flow in order to reduce the
energy loss caused by shock waves. The determination of shock wave angle for supersonic flow
passing through cones needs to solve the differential equations of motion. In this paper we
implement solving differential equations for irrotational flows through the cone by a finite
difference method. Numerical results calculated for cone flows with the variation of cone angle and
free Mach number will be compared with results of wedge flow to draw the effective range of
applications of each for the aerodynamic shape of the flying object nose, as well as engine nozzle of
supersonic aircraft.
Keywords: Supersonic flow, shock wave, finite difference method.
ID 3.24
Optimization of lateral jet position of the lateral-jet controlled missile in
supersonic flow
Jingzhe Si
*
, Gang Sun and Yujiang Sun
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: 12210290014@fudan.edu.cn
A computational study on the lateral-jet controlled missile has been performed. A
three-dimensional NavierStokes code has been developed and case studies have been performed
by comparing with previously published experiment results about the force amplification factor K
and the interaction moment center Xcpi of a missile body with lateral jet. In the trajectory of a
missile, the operation conditions are changed in different aerodynamic circumstances. Different jet
flow conditions including flow Mach number, the attack angle of the missile and jet position in the
axis direction have been incorporated into the case studies. From the detailed flow field analyses, it
has been verified that different jet position has an impact on the jet control efficiency in different
conditions. With a surrogate model to save the computation time, the jet positions in the axial
direction are optimized by the improved particle swarm optimization (PSO) method. The
optimization results show that higher control efficiency is achieved in the considered condition.
Keywords: missile, missile control, lateral jet, computational fluid dynamics, Kriging surrogate
model, Particle Swarm Optimization algorithm
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
82Page

ID 3.25
The Wave-Current Forces on Pile Groups
Ting Huang
*
, Guo-liang Dai, Jin-hai Zheng
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: huangting@hhu.edu.cn
The wave-current forces on pile and pile groups were studied by model tests. The model pile was
simulated by aluminum pipe. And the pile groups consist of four piles in two rows, placed at 0 or
45 to the current direction. The lift and the wave force of single pile and pile groups under
varieties of wave-current combinations were measured. This paper mainly researches the
interference effect between the piles, which is relevant to pile spacing and pile arrangement.
Keywords: model test; pile groups; wave-current forces; wave force; lift; KC number; Morison
equation.
ID 3.26
Study of Shock Wave during Transonic Flow over NACA 0012 Using
Favre-averaged Navier-Stokes Equations
Toukir Islam*, Aminur Rahman and Mohammad Ali.
*e-mail address of presenting author: toukir.buet07@gmail.com
Transonic flow occurs where there is mixed subsonic and supersonic local flow in the same flow
field; typically with free stream Mach number from 0.7 to 1.2. The supersonic region of local flow
field is terminated by a shock wave, allowing the flow to slow down to subsonic and this
transformation occurs within small chord length of the airfoil. Moreover bow shock wave occurs at
the vicinity of the leading edge at some free stream supersonic Mach number. Computations and
wind tunnel testing are more complicated and very little analytical theory is available to back up the
physical phenomena of transonic flow. Here in this article, the transonic flow over a simple
symmetric airfoil NACA 0012 is studied numerically using Favre-averaged Navier-Stokes
equations with k- turbulence model and finite volume method for analyzing the consequences and
relative position of shock wave, pressure distribution over the surfaces etc. at different free stream
Mach number and angle of attack (AOA) 0,1 and 2. With increasing Mach number at a definite
AOA, the shock travels towards trailing edge with increased strength. At a definite Mach number,
with increasing positive AOA, the behavior of shock at upper at lower surface seems different from
each other by position and strength. Drag divergent Mach number is found to be around 0.8 at 0
AOA and dramatic lift reduction is observed in the range of Mach number 0.7 to 0.8.
Keywords: Transonic flow, shock wave, bow shock wave, coefficient of pressure, NACA 0012.
Abstracts
83Page
Topic: Boundary Layer Flows
ID 4.01
Flat plate boundary layer transition induced by a controlled near-wall circular
cylinder wake
He Guosheng*, Wang Jinjun
*e-mail address of presenting author: hgs_05@sina.com
The flat plate boundary layer transition induced by the wake of a circular cylinder close to the wall
is experimentally investigated using both hydrogen bubble visualization and particle image
velocimetry techniques. The wake is controlled by a slot synthetic jet at the rear stagnation point of
the circular cylinder. It is found that when the synthetic jet is absent, the antisymmetrical Karman
vortices can induce spanwise secondary vortices in the boundary layer. The formation frequency of
the secondary vortices is the same as the shedding frequency of the Karman vortices. After the
synthetic jet is introduced into the flow, the wake of the circular cylinder can be greatly modified.
When the excitation frequency of the synthetic jet is at the natural shedding frequency, the upper
and lower wake vortices form a symmetrical pattern. Secondary vortices can still be induced in the
boundary layer. While the excitation frequency increases to twice the natural shedding frequency,
the wake appears to be antisymmetrical again, but with the shedding frequency locked onto half the
excitation frequency. By investigating the disturbance growth inside the boundary layer, it is
revealed that the synthetic jet can cause the disturbance growth initiates earlier, thus promoting the
transition process of the boundary layer.
Keywords: boundary layer transition, circular cylinder wake, synthetic jet.
ID 4.02
Measurement of hypersonic boundary layer transition on a flat plate
Shaofei Xie*, Jian Gong, Feng Ji, Qing Shen
*e-mail address of presenting author: flying_1125@126.com
Laminar-Turbulent transition in hypersonic boundary layers is one of the major problems which
hypersonic vehicles designers consider. To improve understanding and prediction of hypersonic
boundary layers transition, measurements of boundary layer transition on a flat plate have been
conducted in CAAAs piston gun wind tunnel at Mach 6. The measurements were performed using
thin film sensors, Kulite pressure sensors and PCB high-frequency pressure sensors. They are
applied to measure heat flux distribution, pressure fluctuations and unstable wave respectively. The
heat flux distribution in the streamwise direction gives the transition onset and transition peak.
During transition, there is a pressure fluctuation peak, whose position agrees well with the heat flux
results. Power spectral densities (PSD) of the Kulite pressure data shows the different frequencies
contribution to the pressure fluctuations during transition. The second mode waves were
successfully detected at x=160mm by PCB pressure sensors at different free stream unit Reynolds
numbers. Their frequencies consistent with the results predicted by LST (Linear Stability Theory),
and increase with free stream unit Reynolds numbers.
Keywords: Boundary layer transition; pressure fluctuations; second mode waves.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
84Page

ID 4.03
Receptivity to Localized Freestream Disturbances Generated by an Airfoil with
Jet Ejections outside the Flat Plate Boundary Layer
S. Izawa
*
, T. Kato, M. Shigeta and Y. Fukunishi
*e-mail address of presenting authors: izawa@fluid.mech.tohoku.ac.jp
The effect of localized freestream disturbances on the growth of fluctuations inside a flat plate
boundary layer was investigated using an airfoil-shaped disturbance generator in a wind tunnel
experiment. The generator was numerically designed to reduce the undesirable pressure gradient at
the wall surface. Steady and pulsating jets were used to compensate the velocity defect in the wake.
The velocity fluctuations inside the boundary layer were found to be larger when the pulsating
frequency lies in the unstable region of the neutral stability curve of the Blasius boundary layer.
Keywords: Receptivity, Boundary Layer, Localized Freestream Disturbances.
ID 4.04
Wake induced unsteadiness on flat plate boundary layer
A. Sanchita*, D. Dipak K. and H. M. Arif
*
Sanchita Amin, e-mail address: sanchita@me.buet.ac.bd
The present numerical study has been conducted to observe the unsteady boundary layer
characteristics on a flat plate induced by a von Karman vortex street wake. This flow situation is an
idealization of that occurring on turbomachinery blades where unsteady wakes are generated by the
preceding row of blades. In this research, the boundary layer is developed under zero pressure
gradients while the vortex street is generated by an elliptic cylinder positioned in the free stream.
The minor-major axes ratio of the elliptic cylinder is taken as 0.6 with an angle of attack 0
0
. The
investigation has been performed for different cylinder-to-plate relative position and a Reynolds
number of 500 based on the focal distance of the elliptic cylinder and free stream velocity. The time
dependent, two dimensional flow is simulated numerically. The consequent mathematical model is
governed by the coupled equations of mass, and momentum and solved by employing Galerkin
weighted residual method of finite element formulation. The development of the flow field up to
certain time period is considered. Instantaneous streamlines of the disturbed flow field,
instantaneous velocity field, boundary layer integral parameters, and skin friction on different
streamwise locations on the plate are presented in this paper. The result shows that the wake
vortices strongly affect the boundary layer over the flat plate.
Keywords: Wake, Boundary Layer, Separation Bubble, Skin Friction
Abstracts
85Page

ID 4.05
Perturbations to a boundary layer over a plate with constant sweep of the
free-stream
J. Dey* and P. Phani Kumar.
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: jd@aero.iisc.ernet.in.
Using the boundary layer equations, the flow over a plate that is under a constant sweep of the
free-stream has been perturbed by three-dimensional disturbances. A particular choice of these
disturbances seems to reduce the linearized disturbance equations to that of a Blasius flow with
two-dimensional perturbations.
Keywords: Perturbations, sweep, instability.
ID 4.06
Relation between Deformations of Wall-normal Vortices and Leading Edge
Receptivity
Yu Nishio, Masaya Shigeta, Seiichiro Izawa and Yu Fukunishi
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: nishio-yu@sd.tmu.ac.jp
Simulations of the flow around a flat plate are carried out to investigate its leading edge receptivity
to freestream vortical disturbances whose axes are normal to the plate surface. Pairs of vortices
aligned in the spanwise direction successively collide with the leading edge of the flat plate. The
rotational directions of the pair vortices are opposite. Streamwise vortices can be found in the
boundary layer downstream. The original vortices are deformed when they hit the leading edge of
the plate, but their deformations are limited only to the region very close to the wall. In order to find
out the mechanism which generates the streamwise vortices, another calculation, where a single
pair of vortices is introduced into the freestream, is carried out. The result shows that the
combination of the spanwise velocity induced by the original vortices outside the boundary layer
and the no-slip condition is responsible for the generation of the streamwise vortices in the
boundary layer.
Keywords: Leading edge receptivity, Vortical disturbances, Boundary layer.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
86Page
ID 4.07
Stability analysis of hypersonic boundary layer over a cone at angle of attack
Feng Ji*, Shaofei Xie, Xunhua Liu, Xiangjiang Yuan and Qing Shen
*e-mail address of presenting authors: jifeng815@sohu.com
An investigation on the stability of hypersonic boundary layer over a cone at small angle of attack
has been performed by linear stability theory (LST). The free stream Mach number is 6.0 and the
unit Reynolds number is 1.0E+7/m. The length of the cone is 500mm, half-angle is 5, nose radius
is 1mm and the angle of attack is chosen 0 1 and 2. After obtaining the steady flow, LST analysis
has been made. The growth rates of the second mode and first mode waves at different azimuthal
angles are calculated. The most unstable wave maximum growth rate on the leeward is larger than
that on the windward. And it doesnt vary monotonely from the windward ray to leeward ray. The
stability characteristics at azimuthal angle around 150 is different, there is a valley region around
150 meridian in the maximum growth rates curve. These results may give a reasonable explanation
for the transition shape obtained by DiCristians experiment.
Keywords: cone, stability, angle of attack, hypersonic
ID 4.08
Reversal of roughness-induced transition by a mesh in the outer boundary layer
P. Phani Kumar, A. C. Mandal and J. Dey
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: phani@aero.iisc.ernet.in
DNS and experimental studies of bypass transition have established that, precursor to turbulent spot
formation or breakdown may be the oscillation of lifted-up high shear layer and vortex shedding
from it in the outer boundary layer region. An experimental study has been carried out with a small
mesh placed in the high shear region of transition induced by a roughness element. Results clearly
show that several transitional events can be suppressed or delayed.
Keywords: Roughness, shear layer, transition reversal, mesh, streaks.
Abstracts
87Page
ID 4.09
Skin Friction Coefficient of turbulence boundary layer over smooth and rough
surface
* Jun Yoshida, Tomonori Yamakita, Takahiro Ito, Hideki Kawashima, and Yoshiyuki Tsuji
*e-mail address of presenting authors: yoshida-jun12@ees.nagoya-u.ac.jp
The fluid frictional resistance increases if the surface is rough. In this research, we measure the
velocity profiles in zero-pressure-gradient boundary layer over the two dimensional rough surface,
and calculate the friction coefficient. We have three roughness pitches, they are 2.1mm, 2.7mm, and
6.1mm but the same height. The Reynolds number is changed from R

=1500 to 7000. The frictional


resistances are calculated by the momentum equation. The difference from the resistance of smooth
surface is discussed. We report how the roughness affects on the frictional resistance and the
velocity profile.
Keywords: skin friction coefficient, rough.
ID 4.10
An experimental investigation of the secondary instability in a boundary layer
on the three-dimensional surface corrugation
Mochamad Dady Mamun*, Masahito ASAI and Ayumu INASAWA
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: dady@aero.sd.tmu.ac.jp
Three-dimensional growth of Tollmien- Schlichting (T-S) wave in a zero-pressure gradient
boundary layer with three-dimensional surface corrugation was examined experimentally. A
three-dimensional wave was generated and developed by a nonlinear interaction between the
two-dimensional T-S wave and the corrugation-induced mean-flow distortion. The magnitude of the
three-dimensional wave thus generated was linearly proportional to that of the two-dimensional T-S
wave when the amplitude of the T-S wave was below a threshold value, about 0.6% of U

in terms
of the R.M.S. value of streamwise velocity fluctuation. When the T-S amplitude exceeded the
threshold, the three-dimensional wave started to be amplified, leading to development of -shaped
vortices. The threshold amplitude of T-S wave for the secondary instability was almost the same as
that in the smooth wall case.
Keywords: Boundary layer, Tollmien-Schlichting waves, Secondary Instability, Surface
Corrugations.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
88Page

ID 4.11
Experimental study on sound radiation from a protuberance in boundary layer
flows
Masashi KOBAYASHI*, Ayumu INASAWA and Masahito ASAI
*e-mail address of presenting authors: kobayashi-masashi@sd.tmu.ac.jp
Sound radiation from a two-dimensional protuberance glued on the wall in a Blasius boundary layer
was examined experimentally at low Mach numbers below 0.17. When the height of protuberance
was larger than a critical value of the order of the boundary-layer thickness at the protuberance
location, tonal sound occurred by acoustic feedback mechanism between the excitation of
instability waves in the upstream boundary layer and acoustic disturbance radiated from the
protuberance. The critical height scaled with the local boundary-layer thickness decreased with
increasing the Reynolds number for low Mach numbers. The frequencies of radiated sound were
very close to those of the instability waves on the upper branch of the neutral stability curve of the
Blasius flow. Occurrence of a small separation bubble immediately upstream of the protuberance
also played important roles in the evolution of strong vortices leading to sound generation.
Keywords: Sound generation, Protuberance, Acoustic feedback, Boundary layer instability
ID 4.12
Experimental Investigation on the Interactions of Separation Bubble with
Injected Jets in the Downstream
A. Samson, K. Anand and S. Sarkar*
*
e-mail address of presenting author: subra@iitk.ac.in
This paper elucidates the aerodynamic interactions of a separated flow under the influence of
continuous inclined jets ejecting in the vicinity of reattachment: a scenario that may occur near the
leading-edge of a turbine blade. In the present study a thick semi-circular leading edge of a flat
plate induces flow separation at the blending point owing to sudden change in geometry. The
time-averaged velocity and turbulence quantities are measured using Laser-Doppler Anemometry
(LDA) at different streamwise locations in the vertical plane along the centre line of the jet while
the instantaneous flow filed is obtained using Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV). Measurements
reveal that the flow separates as laminar and undergoes rapid transition due to amplification of
disturbances and reattaches as turbulent. The presence of bubble influenced the outer shear layer
activity with high turbulence generation. Injected jet affect the transition of the upstream separated
layer changing length of separation, while the downstream flow filed is characterized by enhanced
turbulence stress along the trajectory of the jet.
Keywords: Separated Shear Layer, Transition, Turbulent flow, Inclined Jet.
Abstracts
89Page
ID 4.13
An experimental investigation of boundary layer transition on rotating cones in
axial flow
A. Kargar, K. Mansour
*e-mail address of presenting authors: mansour@aut.ac.ir
This paper includes some experimental data about transitional Reynolds number on rotating cones
in axial flow. The experimental datas are obtained through in a wind tunnel with hot wire
anemometer and smoke visualization. We did build this wind tunnel especially for studying flow
around rotating bodies (Mansour et. al, 2013). Two cones we use for this work, first cone has apex
angle 30 degrees and its diameter of the base of the cone is 5 cm and the second cone has 45
degrees apex angle and 4 cm diameter of the base. The results are compared with some other
experimental works for 30 degrees cone and it was validated with especially some other
experiments. We compare our results by linear stability theory which was done by (Garret et al.,
2000). We just emphasis, also we compare visualization and hot wire anemometer results
graphically, our goal in this paper is to check reliability of using hot wire anemometer and smoke
visualization in stability problem and check reliability of linear stability theory for this two cases
and compare our results with some trusty experimental works.
Keywords: Rotating cone, Visualization, Experiment
ID 4.14
The small aperture beam Jittering characteristics of the hypersonic transitional
boundary layer on the flat plate
Ruiqu Li*, Jian Gong, Zhixian Bi and Handong Ma
*e-mail address of presenting authors: lirq995688@126.com
Jittering as the small-aperture laser beam goes through the hypersonic flows is one of the most
important details in the aero-optics investigation. As all known, transition often occurs in the
hypersonic boundary layer flows. Thus, how these various flow states in the transition affect the
small-aperture laser beam, is the question that is regarded and solved in this paper. Optical and
thermal measurements are performed in the FD-20 gun tunnel of CAAA, with the free stream Mach
number of 8, and the unit Reynolds number of 1.010
7
(1/m). The thermal measurement gives out
the heat transfer distribution on the centerline of the flat plate, which implies that the transition
exists on the flat plate. On the other hand, the optical measurements supply the time series of the
deflection angle of the small-aperture laser beam and theirs standard deviation distribution is
statistically estimated. The comparison of those two curves shows that there is similar feature
between those two distributions derived from aerothermodynamics and aero-optics, that is to say,
the affection of the transitional boundary layer to the small-aperture laser beam or aero-heating is
similar.
Keywords: Hypersonic, Aero-Optics, Transition, Small-aperture laser beam, Wind tunnel.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
90Page

ID 4.15
Horizontal velocity field near the hot plate in turbulent natural convection
Vipin Koothur
*
, Baburaj A. Puthenveettil
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: vipink159@gmail.com
We study the velocity field in a horizontal (x-y) plane 1.5 mm above the hot plate in turbulent
natural convection using PIV at a Rayleigh number Ra
w
=10
6
and Prandtl number Pr=5.2. The plane
of measurement is inside the velocity boundary layer estimated from the natural convection
boundary layer equations[7] as well as inside the velocity boundary layer due to the large scale
flow[2, 5].The boundary layer comprises of line plumes with sinking fluid between them. The
instantaneous velocity variation from the center of the sinking fluid to the line plumes is found to
deviate with the classical Prandtl-Blasius laminar boundary layer profile, which is assumed to be
the nature of boundary layer by the GL theory [2, 5]. Our results agree well with the natural
convection boundary layer profile. The time averaged mean velocity variation deviates from both
natural convection and Blasius type profiles as expected as it depends on the orientation of the line
plumes. Our measurement result is a proof to the theory of the presence of a natural convection
boundary layer on both sides of a line plume [10].
Keywords: line plumes, boundary layer, natural convection, PIV.
Abstracts
91Page
Topic: Compressible Flows and Gas Dynamics
ID 5.01
Transition and turbulent flow in a compressible lid-driven cavity
S. Pradhan and V. Kumaran
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: sahadev@chemeng.iisc.ernet.in
The flow in a 2D and 3D lid-driven cavity, with two opposite walls moving in opposite directions
with equal velocity, simulated using the direct simulation Monte Carlo (DSMC) method, has been
used as a test bed for examining different aspects of transition and turbulence at high Mach M =
(U
w
/(k
B
T
w
/m)) and Reynolds numbers Re = (
av
U
w
L
y
/
w
). Here, L
y
is the smallest box
dimension, U
w
and T
w
are the wall velocity and temperature, and
av
is the volume-averaged gas
density and
w
is the gas viscosity at the temperature corresponding to the wall temperature.
The transition is found to be highly sub-critical in 2D even at high Mach number, with
well-separated lower and upper critical Reynolds numbers for the transition from turbulent-laminar
and laminar-turbulent transitions. The transition Reynolds number increases faster than linearly
with Mach number. This implies that the Knudsen number at transition (ratio of mean-free-path and
system size, also proportional to the ratio of Mach and Reynolds numbers) passes through a
maximum as the Mach number is increased. This maximum value is small, less than 0.025,
indicating that transition is a continuum phenomenon even at high Mach numbers. The transition to
turbulence is sub-critical in 3D as well. The transition Reynolds number does increase with Mach
number, and the Knudsen number increases monotonically with Mach number over the parameter
range studied here.
In a compressible turbulent flow, we examine the result that the ratio of the mean free path () and
Kolmogorov scale () increases proportional as (M/Re
1/4
), and it increases asymptotically with
Mach number in the high Mach number limit. The simulation show that the ratio does decrease as
Re
1/4
, but it does not increase linearly with Mach number. The resolution suggested by our
simulation is that even though the Mach number based on the wall velocity and temperature is large,
the local Mach number based on the local dissipation velocity in regions of high shear decreases
due to an increase in temperature. Due to this, the ratio of the mean free path and Kolmogorov scale
appears to taper off in the high Mach number limit.
An important finding is that the ratio of the mean free path and Kolmogorov scale shows very little
variation across the domain, even though the mean free path and Kolmogorov scale individually
show larger variations. The ratio of the mean free path and Kolmogorov scale was also shown to be
equal to the local Mach number based on the local dissipation velocity, and can also be interpreted
as the square root of the ratio of the strain rate and collision frequency. All of these quantities are
remarkably invariant across the domain, indicating a coupling between the local temperature and
the dissipation rate in a high Mach number turbulent flow.
Keywords: Transition and turbulence, Compressible flows, Lid-driven cavity, DSMC simulation.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
92Page

ID 5.02
Effects of Step Height on Supersonic Flows over a Backward Facing Step
Haixu Liu*, Bing Wang, Yincheng Guo, Huiqiang Zhang and Wenyi Lin
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: liuhx10@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn
The backward facing step is practically implicated in many devices, encountered the massive
separation flows. In the present study, simulations of supersonic flow over a backward facing step
(BFS) have been carried out employing both RANS and LES. The simulated results are validated
against the previous experimental data. The results of RANS and LES show a good comparison
with the experiment results. Different inflow Mach numbers and expansion ratios are also
investigated. The reattachment length decreases with the increase of inflow Mach number. The duct
height has a great effect on the flow patterns. The present conclusions are helpful to understand the
physics in supersonic separation flows and also provide theory basis for engineering applications.
Keywords: Backward Facing Step; RANS; LES; Mach Number; Step Height
ID 5.03
Characterization of Strut-mounted Through Cavity for Scramjet Applications
Tahzeeb Hassan Danish*, Sathiyamoorthy K*, Pratheesh Kumar P, Manjunath P
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: thdanish@nal.res.in, sathy_cim@nal.res.in
In a Scramjet combustor, since the flow is supersonic, the residence time available is of the order of
1 millisecond. So the available time for fuel-air mixing, atomization, vaporization and combustion
is very low. Wall mounted cavity has proven to be a capable candidate for fuel air mixing and flame
stabilization for scramjet. Because of inherent advantages like symmetric flow, avoidance of base
wall cooling, symmetric fuelling feasibility etc exploration of strut-mounted through cavity has
been done. It is a novel configuration formed in the space between two struts immersed in a
supersonic flow in tandem. Two variants of the cavity, formed by using rectangular and ramp strut
as the rear strut and plug nozzle acts as the forward strut, have been used. Experimental
characterization is carried out by unsteady pressure measurement inside the cavity for different
aspect ratios.
Keywords: Scramjet, Strut-mounted through cavity
Abstracts
93Page
ID 5.04
Steady and unsteady flow over a spiked blunt body at supersonic speed
D. Sahoo, S. Das, P. Kumar and J. K. Prasad
*

*
e-mail address of presenting authors: jkprasad.1@gmail.com
Experimental and computational studies have been made to obtain the effect of a spike on the flow
over blunt body with different shapes at supersonic speed of Mach number of 2. The spike used had
sharp tip, spherically blunt tip, and flat aerodisk tip. The study has been made at zero angle of
attack. It is observed that use of a sharp spike leads to reduction in drag by about 31 %, whereas
blunt or aerodisk leads to 46% reduction. Unsteadiness in the flow field has been captured through
computation and experiments. Unsteadiness increases with the adoption of spike in the zone
between the spike and body, where the flow is separated. In general, the agreement between the
computed result and experimental result is in good.
Keywords: Drag reduction, spike, supersonic speed, unsteady flow field.
ID 5.05
On the geometry of large-scale structures in compressible channel flow
Jun Chen
*
, Jie Pei, Fazle Hussain, Zhen-Su She
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: jun@pku.edu.cn
By using a velocity-vorticity correlation structure (VVCS), defined by high correlation regions in a
field of two-point cross-correlation coefficient between a velocity component at a fixed location
and a vorticity component in the flow field (Pei et al., 2012; Chen et al., 2011), we measured the
scale of coherent structures (CS) in the compressible channel flows of direct numerical simulations
(DNS) with the Mach number (M) up to M=3 (Li et al., 2001). The streamwise length scale of the
VVCS increases with increasing M, but its topology keeps invariant. In the log layer, the change of
the lateral spacing of the VVCS with respect to the wall distance is consistent with the previously
observed linear growth. In the bulk region, the growth of the spacing, however, exhibits a log-law
in contrast. More importantly, under the semi-local scaling (Huang et al., 1995), the spacing growth
to the wall distance is found to be M-invariant. The geometrical invariance after the semi-local
transformation substantiates Morkovins hypothesis for the geometrical characteristics of turbulent
structures. Although the underlying mechanisms of the growth of the spanwise spacing need further
study, the VVCS has provided a method to investigate the characteristics, including scales, of flow
structures even in the bulk region of the compressible channel flow.
Keywords: Correlation structure, compressible channel flow, Morkovins hypothesis.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
94Page

ID 5.06
A Numerical Investigation of Jet/Lifting Surfaces Interaction on a Revolution
Body
Yuwei Liu
*
, Zhaoyong Ni and Yaofeng Liu
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: lyw642@126.com
A numerical investigation has been conducted to analyze jet/lifting surfaces interaction
characteristics of the flowfields with sonic air injection into a Mach 4.5 crossflow on a revolution
body. Surface and space flow features of jet interaction flowfields are presented quantitatively when
lifting surfaces are mounted in different locations. The conditions of positive interaction and
negative interaction are analyzed by normal force amplification factor and the interaction pitch
moment coefficient. As a result, when lifting surfaces are mounted in the vicinity jet exit, the jet
wrap-around effects are restrained and the remarkable positive interaction occurs, when lifting
surfaces are mounted in the region of the jet wake, there is a negative interaction.
Keywords: Super/hypersonic flow, Lateral jet, Shock wave/boundary layer interaction.
ID 5.07
A Numerical Investigation on Transonic Flow around a Biconvex Circular Arc
Airfoil in a Channel
Md. Abdul Hamid*, Sk. Md. Alimuzzaman, Md. Mostaqur Rahman and A.B.M. Toufique
Hasan
*e-mail address of presenting authors: ahamid@me.buet.ac.bd
Shock wave boundary layer interactions (SWBLI) are not only fundamental research topics of
aerodynamics but are observed in practical high-speed internal flows. Shock induced oscillations
(SIO), aerodynamics instabilities (buffet), high cycle fatigue failure (HCF), nonsynchronous
vibration (NSV), flutter and so on are detrimental consequences of this unsteady interaction. In the
present study, a numerical computation has been performed to investigate the transonic flow around
a biconvex circular arc airfoil in a two dimensional channel. Reynolds averaged Navier-Stokes
equations with k- shear stress transport (SST) two equation turbulence model has been applied for
computational analysis. The behavior of the flow field has been studied from pressure ratio (ratio of
back pressure to inlet total pressure) of 0.75 to 0.65 with decreasing the downstream pressure.
Several points have been set over both the upper and lower surfaces of the airfoil to investigate the
static pressure history with time. The result shows that the flow field, shockwave type and its
movement as well as frequency of movement vary with pressure ratio. For computational validation,
obtained results have been compared with available experimental data.
Keywords: Transonic flow, Shock wave, Boundary layer separation.
Abstracts
95Page
ID 5.08
CFD Study on Shock-Boundary Layer Interaction Characteristics over a Rough
Wall
Arun K. R, Kim. H.D* and Setoguchi. T
*e-mail address of presenting authors: kimhd@andong.ac.kr
Many high speed engineering devices are often encountered with shock wave boundary layer
interaction and cause many salient features on the local as well as the whole flow field. In past few
decades, much understanding has been obtained on the major characteristics of the shock wave
boundary layer interaction such as boundary layer separation, reattachment, shock unsteadiness, the
interaction length, etc. In this paper a 2-D CFD study was carried out to simulate the experimental
study of Inger and to explore the effect of surface roughness on the shock boundary layer
interaction flow field such as separation point, interaction length etc, which was not sufficiently
studied in the past. The accuracy of different turbulence model in predicting the flow physics were
also compared. It can be observed that the omega based model predicts the shock interaction under
roughness effect more accurately compared to the wall function based k-epsilon and Reynolds
stress model. From the results it can also be observed that as the wall surface roughness increases
the upstream influence increases and the shock strength decreases. The separation zone decreases
with increase in surface roughness due to the reduction in shock strength.
Keywords: Boundary Layer, Separation, Shock Wave, Transonic Flow.
ID 5.09
A CFD study on the gas solid two phase flow for needle-free injection system
Md. Alim Iftekhar Rasel
*
and H.D. Kim
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: alim16@anuis.andong.ac.kr
Transdermal powdered drug delivery is a unique drug delivery system which is capable of
delivering drug particles to the human skin without using any external needle. The key feature for
this kind of the drug delivery is delivering drug particles with uniform velocity and spatial
distribution. Different systems have been tried and tested over the years to fulfill these conditions.
The basic principle is to accelerate the particle stream with a high speed gas flow through a shock
tube. Particles can be placed between a set on bursting diaphragm which initiates the gas flow upon
actuation. Among all the available drug delivery systems we are particularly interested in the
Contoured Shock Tube (CST) as it seems to offer better performance. Contoured Shock Tube
consists of a rupture chamber, a shock tube and a supersonic nozzle. An unsteady flow is initiated
after the diaphragm rupture through the shock tube which accelerates the drug particle to a very
high velocity. In the present study, computational fluid dynamics has been employed to simulate
and analyze the flow field. The DPM (discrete phase method) is used to model the unsteady flow
with fine particles. The static pressure histories in different sections are investigated to analyze the
flow field. Particle velocity and distributions are also investigated. The important features of the gas
and particle dynamics in the shock tube are discussed and analyzed in details.
Keywords: Two phase flow, Shock wave, Needle-free drug delivery, transient flow, contoured
shock tube.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
96Page

ID 5.10
Experimental Investigation of the Unsteady Flow Characteristics in a Micro
Shock Tube
Jin-Ouk Park
*
, Heuy-Dong Kim

and Toshiaki Setoguchi
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: jopark@anuis.andong.ac.kr
Micro shock tubes are used in various engineering applications and have widespread potential in
the field of aerospace, combustion technology and drug delivery systems. Owing to very small flow
dimensions, the flow characteristics exhibited by micro shock tube shows a significant deviation
compared to that of well established macro shock tube theories. In the present study, experiments
were carried out to investigate shock wave propagation and flow characteristics with two different
tubes of diameter 3mm and 6mm. High pressure air was supplied to the driver section using
compressor and the driven section pressure was maintained at atmospheric conditions. The
diaphragm was ruptured using a hand operated needle system. Experimental studies at various
pressure ratios were also carried out. Time dependent static pressures at 8 different locations were
measured to monitor the shock propagation characteristics. The results obtained show that as the
tube diameter reduces, shock wave velocity and expansion wave velocity decreases.
Keywords: Shock Wave, Expansion Wave, Diaphragm, Rupture Pressure
ID 5.11
Experimental and Computational Study of Multiple Jets in Crossflow on a Flat
Plate
Pei Chen*, Suxun Li, Yaofeng Liu, Zhaoyong Ni
*e-mail address of presenting authors: contactchenpei@sina.com
An experimental and computational study of gaseous triple in-line jets interaction with a thick
turbulent boundary layer hypersonic crossflow over a flat plate was presented. Schlieren
photography, surface oil flow visualization and static pressure measurement were employed in the
experiments to investigate the spatial and surface structures of the interaction flowfield. Numerical
simulation using RANS equations coupled with Baldwin-Lomax turbulence model was conducted
to complement more detailed information of spatial vortex structures evolution and flowfield
parameter distribution characteristics. The general flow features and vortex systems, spatial shock
wave structures, surface flow patterns as well as pressure distribution on the flat plate were
discussed. Numerical prediction exhibited a fair agreement with the experiments, although
quantitatively differences occur in the separation zone.
Keywords: Jet in crossflow, multiple jets interaction, numerical simulation, wind tunnel test.
Abstracts
97Page
ID 5.12
A Numerical Investigation on Transonic Flow around a Converging-Diverging
Nozzle Considering External Stream Interaction
A. B. M. Toufique Hasan
*
, Swarna Saha and Md. Ashiqur Rahman
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: toufiquehasan@me.buet.ac.bd
This study numerically investigates the aerodynamic properties of a converging-diverging in
transonic flow field considering the external stream interaction. Finite volume method is used for
the numerical computation and k- SST model is used to model the turbulence in the flow field.
Computation on converging-diverging nozzle had been performed at free stream Mach numbers
ranges from 0.6 to 1.2 driven by nozzle pressure ratios (NPR) from 2.9 to 5.0 and at angle of attack,
AOA = 0. Obtained results had been validated with reference calculation and experimental results.
Using the same flow parameters and turbulence modeling the computational analysis is also been
done with angles of attack of 5,10 and 15. With the increase of AOA, the change in different
aerodynamic properties were captured and analyzed. It is found that with an increase of angle of
attack the position and size of the lambda shock, flow angle, the separation point, and amount of
flow separation of the nozzle are changed significantly.
Keywords: Transonic flow, Lambda shock wave, flow separation, numerical simulation.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
98Page
Topic: Computational Fluid Dynamics
ID 6.01

Aerodynamic analysis of a probe entering Martian atmosphere with chemical
non-equilibrium effect
LV Jun-ming*, GUAN Fa-ming, CHENG Xiao-li, WANG Qiang
*e-mail address of presenting authors: junminglv@gmail.com
CFD work has been carried out on Mars Science Laboratory entering Martian atmosphere to study
the chemical non-equilibrium effect on aerodynamic force and aerodynamic heating in the
hypersonic entry regime. The three-dimensional full Navier-Stokes equations coupling chemical
reaction kinetics model are solved by a parallel code. The flow field structures around the capsule
are compared under different gas models. The aerodynamic force and heating with perfect gas
model and chemical reaction gas model are obtained under typical atmosphere conditions at several
angles of attack. The results show that large number of CO
2
is dissociated behind the strong shock
in front of the forebody; with chemical non-equilibrium effect, the shock layer is strongly
compressed. the vortexes in wake flow are reduced for real gas. Impacted by chemical
non-equilibrium effect, the pitching moment coefficient becomes larger than that for perfect gas,
consequently the trim angle are respectively -16.1 and -18 degrees for perfect gas and real gas, the
difference value is 1.9 degrees. The peak heat flux occurs at stagnation point when AoA equals 0
degree and at the upper shoulder when AoA equals -20 degree.
Keywords: Martian atmosphere; Hypersonic entry; Chemical non-equilibrium; Aerodynamic force,
Aerothermodynamics environment
ID 6.02
Preconditioning method based on the unstructured Cartesian grid
Yuelong He*, Dun Li and Handong Ma
*e-mail address of presenting author: aia741@163.com
The preconditioning method that based on unstructured Cartesian grid was developed in current
research. The preconditioning method extends the well-developed numerical algorithm for
compressible flow to incompressible flow simulation, which is suitable for low-mach number
flowfield simulation. To combine the preconditioning method with Cartesian grid, the expression of
the reference velocity should be modified, especially in the near wall zone during viscous flow
simulating. Several low-speed benchmark problems were numerical simulated by the new method.
The result show that the method could well simulate these problems and the problems with complex
configurations could be simulated efficiently due to the advantages of the Cartesian grid.
Keywords: Preconditioning method; Cartesian Grid; Low-Mach Flow.
Abstracts
99Page

ID 6.03
Simulation of Flow past a Double Slotted Aerofoil using Multiblock Structured
Grid

Chethan K.S, Dileep Kumar S C, Nuthan Prasad B.S, and Sekhar Majumdar

*
e-mail address of presenting authors: essem17@gmail.com
Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes (RANS) simulation has been carried out for turbulent flow
(chord-based Reynolds number of six million) past a three-element NACA 1410 Aerofoil consisting
of the main element followed by one short fore-flap and a long flap. Eddy viscosity based k-
turbulence model with standard logarithmic wall function has been used. The prediction results are
validated against wind tunnel measurement data on the aerodynamic coefficients for the
multielement configuration.
Keywords: Multielement Aerofoil, Finite Volume RANS Solver, Multiblock Boundary Fitted Grid,
k- Turbulence Model
ID 6.04
A Simple Algorithm for Grid Generation Based on Laplace Equations
P.M. Craig and D.H. Chung
*

*
e-mail address of presenting authors: dhchung@ds-intl.biz
Grid generation is a necessary requirement for numerical modeling on problems related to partial
differential equations, such as Navier-Stokes equations when the computation domain is complex. It
is clear that in such cases the curvilinear grid is better than rectangular grid in Cartesian coordinates
for discretization of the governing equations. In this paper, a simple algorithm for curvilinear grid
generation will be presented, in which Laplace equations are used. Significantly, the orthogonality
of the grid is considerably improved after just a few steps. This comes as a result of adjustment of
the locations of grid points on the four boundaries of the domain together with smoothing of the
borders. The algorithm is simple, but the expected orthogonality of the grid is achieved very
rapidly.
Keywords: Curvilinear grid, Laplace equations, Algorithm dealing with boundary.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
100Page
ID 6.05
A Hybrid Numerical Method for Elliptic Equations with Immersed Interfaces
Using a Local Filter
Y.S. JIANG, L. FANG
*
, X.D. JING, X.F. SUN, F. LEBOEUF
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: le.fang@zoho.com
A hybrid numerical method for elliptic equations with immersed interfaces using a local kernel
filter is introduced. In this method, the discontinuous equation due to singular sources located on
immersed interfaces is transformed to a continuous one by a filter operation with a kernel function.
This continuous equation is then discretized at the points near the immersed interface, while for the
other points a traditional central difference scheme is retained. 1D and 2D examples are tested to
validate this hybrid numerical method. Comparing to the immersed boundary method with smooth
delta function, the present method leads to a higher order of accuracy; comparing to other
high-order approaches, it avoids the requirement of jump conditions, and also has a simple formula
that can be easily extended to high dimensional cases and complex geometry. The present method
will be verified in future engineering applications especially in the problems of aerodynamics.
Keywords: Computational aerodynamics; Immersed boundary method; Immersed interface method;
Kernel filter; Singular source).
ID 6.06

A SPH model for simulation of Seepage flow through rigid porous media
C.T. Nguyen
*
, H.H. Bui
,
L.V. Hoang

and R. Fukagawa
*e-mail address of presenting authors: ntcuong@imech.ac.vn
Smoothed particle hydrodynamics (SPH) meshfree particle method was introduced by Lucy,
Gingold and Monaghan in 1977. In recent time many scientists are interested in studying and
applying this method in computational fluid dynamics. In this paper we present some our results in
construction of a SPH model and application of this model for simulation of seepage flow through
rigid porous media. The SPH method in our study has some advantages in comparison to the well
known finite element method for the problem of seepage flow through the rigid porous media. The
SPH model in this paper can be used in simulation of seepage flow through rock (or gravel) fill
dams or apply to simulate oil flow in oilfield with high pressure in the oil and gas exploration, etc.
Keywords: Rigid porous, SPH method, Seepage flow, Meshfree method.
Abstracts
101Page
ID 6.07
Numerical Simulation of Shielding Gas Flow in Arc Welding System Using SPH
Method
Masumi Ito,* Masaya Shigeta, Seiichiro Izawa, and Yu Fukunishi
*e-mail address of presenting authors: masumi@fluid.mech.tohoku.ac.jp
A shielding gas flow in an arc welding system is simulated by an incompressible SPH (Smoothed
Particle Hydrodynamics) method. Large variations of temperature and density of the gas flow are
modeled by adjusting the diameter of each particle depending on its temperature. The particles are
also merged or divided based on their volumes. It is shown that reasonable temperature and velocity
fields can be obtained using the present thermal expansion model.
Keywords: SPH, Arc Welding, Shielding Gas Flow, GTA Welding

ID 6.08
Prototype Manufacturing Tolerance Zone Implementation for the Efficient
Aerodynamic Analysis of the Very Light Aircraft (VLA) Configuration
Moses Sitio, Sangho Kim
*
, and Jaewoo Lee
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: kimsh85@konkuk.ac.kr
In this research the development of unstructured grid discretization study solution techniques is
presented. The purpose is to describe such a conservative discretization scheme applied for
experimental validation work. The objective of paper is to better establish the effects of mesh
generation techniques and grid convergence on velocity fields and particle deposition patterns to
determine the optimal aerodynamic characteristics. In order to achieve the objective, the mesh
surface discretization approaches are using the VLA prototype manufacturing tolerance zone of the
outer surface. A grid convergence was conducted with a different growth factor and cell spacing,
the amount of mesh can be controlled. With several amount of mesh we can get the converged
amount of mesh compared to experimental data. The densities around surface model can be
calculated by controlling the number of element in every important and sensitive surface area of the
model. The convergence approach result indicates that the aerodynamic characteristic was captured
smooth enough compared with the experimental data. During the surface tolerance scheme, it can
catch the aerodynamics data of the experiment data. The surface tolerance studies make the
validation work more efficient way to achieve the purpose of this paper.
Keywords: grid discretization, grid convergence, surface densities, unstructured grid
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
102Page
ID 6.09
A research on the influence of surface heat exchange to wings aerodynamic
characteristics
Vu Thanh Trung
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: trung0903@yahoo.com
Paper represents the results of parametric calculations of the influence of the surface heat exchange
on the wing airfoil integral aerodynamic characteristics at subsonic speeds. Qualitative estimations
were received in some region of oncoming parameters and surface temperature. It is obtained that
specially organized heat exchange may be used for increasing the aerodynamic efficiency of the
wing airfoil and its lifting properties.
ID 6.10
Studies on the effects of flow control devices on the aerodynamic performance at
various flow regimes
Prakash S. KULKARNI
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: psk@aero.iisc.ernet.in
The flow control leading to the manipulation of the flow field in order to achieve the optimum
performance like maneuverability, affordability, increased range and payload among the others of
aerospace vehicles is very critical in the design of such vehicles. The devices used for flow control
which are classified as passive and active categories show different effects depending on the type,
shape, size and location on the optimization parameters. The improved performance is obtained
through the physics of the fluid flow involving delay/advance in Transition, suppress/enhance
Turbulence and/or prevent/promote Separation. In the present study various types of passive
devices like Gurney flaps, winglets and tubercles have been considered. Different shapes and sizes
and their locations have yielded better control over the flow to obtain the optimum performance like
maximizing L/D ratio. Numerical simulations have been carried out using an industry standard NS
solver. A thorough verification studies involving grid independent solution (for obtaining optimum
grid size), iterative convergence and intercode comparison apart from validating numerical solution
with experimental data have been carried out. A detailed comparative study has been carried out to
assess the performance of these different devices for a wide spectrum of Mach numbers and angles
of attack.
Keywords: Numerical simulation, Flow Control, Passive devices, Drag, Lift, Mach number, Angle
of attack.
Abstracts
103Page
ID 6.11
Application of an Improved TVD Scheme in Hypersonic Heat-flux Simulation
A. LIU Chuanya
*
, B. Wu Songping and C. WANG Chao
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: liuchuanya@gmail.com
Numerical schemes play an important role on the calculation of aerodynamic heating in hypersonic
flows. An appropriate scheme can effectively distinguish shock, and reduce numerical dissipation to
improve numerical resolution near the wall. In this paper the second order TVD (total variation
diminishing) scheme was improved to automatically adjust the numerical viscosity, which can
appease the above requirements. In this paper two numerical experiments indicated that the
numerical method was effective.
Keywords: aerodynamic heating; heat-flux; TVD; numerical scheme; numerical viscosity
ID 6.12
Application of Multigrid Method in Lateral Jet Interaction Flowfield Simulation
Jinglong Bo
*
, Yaofeng Liu and Ning Cao
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: shixuansky@gmail.com
A robust and efficient multigrid method (2-level, V-cycle) for hypersonic lateral jet interaction
flowfield simulations is proposed. To overcome the stability problem in applying the multigrid
method to hypersonic lateral jet interaction flows, some modifications are carried out to the
restriction and prolongation operators. The modified multigrid scheme is applied to the divert
control jet interaction flowfield calculation for cone-cylinder-flare configuration. The results reveal
the robustness of the modified multigrid scheme and substantial speed-up in hypersonic lateral jet
interaction flowfields simulations.
Keywords: Multigrid method, Hypersonic, Lateral jet interaction.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
104Page
ID 6.13
Numerical Simulation of Supersonic Flows Using the Immersed Boundary
Method
Guo Yong-Xiang, Wang Bing
*
and Zhang Hui-Qiang
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: wbing@tsinghua.edu.cn
This paper presents an investigation of the Immersed Boundary Method (IBM) for the compressible
viscous supersonic flows. The distance-weighting interpolation algorithm is adopted to resolve
complex smooth geometries. The values of the fluid variables at the ghost-cells are obtained using a
quadratic scheme which involves the adjacent fluid nodes. The method is applied to a
characteristic-wise hybrid compact-WENO scheme to simulate the flows around triangular prism.
Excellent agreement between the numerical results and the theoretical results verifies the
effectiveness of the Immersed Boundary Method in supersonic flows.
Keywords: Immersed Boundary Method (IBM), supersonic flow, triangular prism.
ID 6.14
Effects of baffle configuration on supersonic mixing
Ren Zhao-Xin, Wang Bing
*
and Zhang Hui-Qiang
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: wbing@tsinghua.edu.cn
In order to study the mechanism of supersonic mixing process, the large eddy simulation with
higher-resolution numerical schemes was employed to numerically simulate the plane mixing layer
flows, which were formed to segregate two airstreams by a shaped baffle. The baffles were set in
four configurations to simulate different flow conditions in the combustor of scramjet. The
influence of the baffle's configurations on the mixing enhancement was then analyzed in
comparisons of the development of the mixing layer thickness and the total-pressure loss. The
recirculation zones induced by the baffles contributed to the enhancement of mixing efficiency. In
addition, the shock/expansion waves affected the development of eddies, causing the variations of
the mixing of the fluid. The discipline of the mixing enhancement in supersonic combustor was
revealed further. The physical variables of fluid in different computational cases were also made
into statistics to indicate the influence of baffles on the mixing enhancement more clearly. The
results are helpful to get a better understanding of the mixing process of airflow and fuel in the
combustor of scramjet.
Keywords: supersonic mixing layer; baffle; large eddy simulation (LES); scramjet
Abstracts
105Page
ID 6.15

A new sampling method of adiabatic boundary condition in DSMC under
thermodynamic non-equilibrium
Fei Huang*, Bo Zhao, Xiao-li Cheng, Qing Shen
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: huang05013@163.com
A new sampling solution method of adiabatic boundary condition based on iterative process in
DSMC was introduced in this paper with thermal non-equilibrium effect, which can be done by
analyzing the implementing process of DSMC method. Statistical error about this method was
investigated by comparing blunt cone aerodynamics under different boundary conditions. The
results show that this method is available for estimating adiabatic wall temperature. Statistical error
of heat transfer rate decrease sharply as sampling steps increasing, and ultimately it is within 0.5%.
Keywords: DSMC; Adiabatic boundary condition; Error analysis
ID 6.16
Numerical Simulation of flowfield round Morphing Aircraft
Dun Li*, Yuelong He, Peng Bai, Bingyan Chen and Guowu Xu
*E-mail address of presenting author: ld1010@tom.com
The new numerical grid generation method that based on the fast and effective unstructured
Cartesian grid, combined with the self-adaptive technology and spring method for dynamic grid,
could simulate the 6DOFs movement easily. Base on this grid system, the N-S flow solver, that
coupled the 6DOFs trajectory equations, was developed for the flowfield round the moving bodies.
The new numerical method realized the simulation of the unsteady flow round the morphing aircraft
during the transferring process. The character of the unsteady process was analyzed in this research
and the influence to the whole craft while morphing was investigated.
Keywords: Morphing Aircraft; Cartesian Grid; Dynamic Grid.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
106Page
ID 6.17
Numerical simulation and experiment of wing in ground effect
H. S. Pham and Q. H. Vu
*

*
e-mail address of presenting authors:

huy.vuquoc@hust.edu.vn
Wing-in-ground effect (WIG effect) is the phenomenon caused by the near-ground flight of a wing.
In this phenomenon, the lift of the wing is increased and the drag of the wing is reduced. In this
study, numerical simulations are carried out on a Clark-Y airfoil. Two dimensional CFD
simulations are performed at different Reynolds numbers ranging from 5x10
4
to 10
6
, various
heights to chord ratios, (h/c) ranging from 0.05 to 1 and different angles of attack (AOA), varying
from 0 to 10. The obtained results about aerodynamic coefficients and aerodynamic efficiency are
in good agreement with the experimental results reported in literature.
Keywords: wing in ground, CFD simulation, Clark-y airfoil.
ID 6.18
Delayed Detached Eddy Simulation for Static and Forced Oscillating Airfoil at
High Angle of Attack
LIU Zhou
*
, YANG Yunjun, ZHOU Weijiang, GONG Anlong
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: zhou_liu@foxmail.com
The unsteady dynamic aerodynamic characteristics at high angle of attack are an important aspect
for modern high performance aircrafts. To reliably and efficiently simulate the massively separation
flow at high angle of attack, some hybrid RANS-LES method is proposed. LES is applied for large
separation region of flow while RANS for flow region near the wall boundary in hybrid method.
Cases show that the hybrid method is better than the uniform unsteady RANS. DDES method
which is a kind of hybrid RANS-LES method is proposed for static and oscillating NACA 0015
airfoil and the results are compared with the experiment data. The vortex shedding phenomenon on
leeward of airfoil at high angle of attack was captured by DDES, which is ignored in unsteady
RANS simulation. The unsteady aerodynamic loads in forced oscillation at high angle of attack
agree with the experiment data better than unsteady RANS results, and the step jump of the drag
and pitch moment at the maximum angle of attack is described accurately.
Keywords: Hybrid RANS-LES Method; Detached Eddy Simulation; Flow Separation; Vortex
Shedding; Forced Oscillation; Aerodynamic Loads.
Abstracts
107Page
ID 6.19

Flow Past a High Performance Thin Airfoil with Corrugations
Ajinkya Desai, Sambhav Jain, Sanjay Mittal*
*email address of presenting author: smittal@iitk.ac.in
The effect of corrugations on the aerodynamic performance of a Mueller airfoil is investigated via
2D computations. The flow is governed by incompressible Navier Stokes equations. A stabilized
finite element method is employed. The Mueller airfoil is placed at an angle of attack () of 5o. The
Reynolds number based on the chord length of the airfoil and free stream speed of the flow is
10,000. First, computations are carried out for different height (h), location and number (n) of
corrugations to design an airfoil with improved aerodynamic performance. Under this condition, the
lift-to-drag ratio of the Mueller airfoil is 16.21. Next, an optimal set of corrugations on the Mueller
airfoil are computed via aerodynamic shape optimization for minimized Cd/Cl. The lower average
coefficient of pressure on the upper surface of a corrugated airfoil leads to increase in lift. The first
corrugation is found to cause an increase in lift and drag. The corrugations downstream contribute
to a decrease in drag. The Cl/Cd of the optimal airfoil shape is 7.42% higher than that on the
Mueller airfoil.
Keywords: Corrugations, Mueller, finite element method, lift-to-drag ratio, optimization.
ID 6.20
Simulation of Flow over Flat Plate Using Correlation Based Transition Model
A. Rajesh, D. S. Kulkarni
*
and B. N. Rajani
*email address of presenting author: kulkarni@cftd.cmmacs.ernet.in
The accurate prediction of laminar to turbulent phenomenon is one of the major stumbling blocks in
the development of general purpose CFD tools. The correlation based transition modeling is one of
the commonly used approaches to predict transition, as these can be easily adopted into any general
CFD code. In this approach, empirical correlations are used which are functions of free-stream
turbulence intensity and/or pressure gradient to find the onset and length of transition along with the
intermittency factor. These correlations based approaches do not model the physics of the transition
process but mimic the effects of transition by relating data obtained from the experiments carried
out to understand the process of transition as well as on some intuition based on the physics of
transition. In the present study, Abu-Ghannam and Shaw (AGS) empirical correlation based
transition model available in the literature, has been successfully implemented in the in-house code
3D-PURLES (Three Dimensional Pressure based Unsteady RANS LES Solver) developed at the
CTFD Division, CSIR-NAL Bangalore. The AGS correlation based transition model coupled to SA
turbulence model available in 3D-PURLES has been validated for flat plate with zero, adverse and
favorable pressure gradients for which extensive measurement data are available.
Keywords: Flat plate, intermittency, correlation based transition modeling, Abu-Ghannam and
Shaw correlation, SA turbulence model
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
108Page
ID 6.21
Effects of Stochastic Cube-Roughed Wall on Turbulent Channel Flows
Lu Hao
*
, Wang Bing, Zhang Hui-qiang, Wang Xi-lin
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: luhao578@163.com
Turbulent flows over cube-roughed walls with different roughness heights are investigated using
large eddy simulation coupled with immersed boundary method. The heights of cubes are specified
uniformly in a range of realistic roughness. The mean streamwise velocities, Reynolds shear
stresses and fluctuating velocities as well as turbulent structures for smooth and rough walls are
compared. The variations of mean streamwise velocities in rough wall cases are shifted downward
and the Reynolds shear stresses are increased by wall roughness. The roughness elements decrease
the streamwise fluctuating velocity, but increase the fluctuating levels in the other two directions.
The low speed streaks are locally interrupted, and stronger motions of fluid elements are induced by
roughness in the wall-normal and spanwise directions. The roughness elements destroy the
quasi-streamwise vortices. The influences of roughness elements become stronger with increase of
roughness heights.
Keywords: stochastic roughness; large eddy simulation; immersed boundary method
ID 6.22

Initial Studies on the Sediment Transport Models in Shallow Water and
Numerical Approach by Finite Volume Methods in Vietnam
Nguyen Thanh Don
*
, Monnier Jerome, Dartus Denis, Ouillon Sylvain, Nguyen Hong Phong,
Nguyen Quang Minh
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: ntdon@imech.ac.vn
This paper is concerned with our initial studies on the numerical estimation of bed load sediment
transport in rivers. For the hydrodynamical component, the Shallow Water equations are solved.
The morphodynamical component is defined by a continuity equation and involves the solid
transport discharge. We present a deterministic, the most popular and simplest model such as Grass
model. We dont try to compare the Grass model with other model which is more complicated and
more reasonable physically. Here we would like to apply the theoretical framework developed by
Dal Maso et al. (1995) and further the data assimilation to identifier the entry parameters.
The use of Grass convenient to rewritten Saint Venant-Esner system as a non conservative
hyperbolic system, and apply the theoretical framework developed by Dal Maso et al. (1995). This
theory allows extending some general concepts related to the numerical approximation of 1D
conservation laws to the more general case of first order quasi linear hyperbolic systems. The Saint
Venant-Esner system will be discretized using the finite volume method extended Roe method.
Finally we present one test case, and our results are compared to those of the literature. The
computation software DassFlow (developed by IMT) was used in this study.
Keywords: Sediment transport, Grass model, Shallow water equations, finite volume, Roe method,
Dassflow
Abstracts
109Page
ID 6.23
Simulation of a Supercritical Water Flow Issuing from a Hydrothermal Vent in
the Deep Sea
Satoko Komurasaki
e-mail address of presenting authors: satoko@math.cst.nihon-u.ac.jp
Eruption of geothermally heated water from the hydrothermal vent in deep oceans of depth over
2000m is numerically simulated. It is assumed that the hydrostatic pressure of water is over 20MPa,
and temperature of heated water occasionally exceeds 400 C

. Under these conditions, a part of


heated water can be in the supercritical state, and the physical properties can significantly change
by the temperature. To simulate the supercritical water flow, the compressible Navier-Stokes
equations are solved using a method designed for the incompressible equations under the
assumption that the pressure is almost constant at the hydrostatic pressure and the density is a
function of the temperature. The equations are approximated by the multidirectional finite
difference method, and for the highly-unsteady-flow computation, KK scheme and a hybrid upwind
scheme are used to stabilize the high-accuracy computation. Computational results show that
complexity and the unsteadiness of the flow are significantly influenced by whether the issuing high
temperature water is in the supercritical state or not.
Keywords: Incompressible Flow Simulation, Thermal Convection, Supercritical Water,
Hydrothermal Vent.
ID 6.24
Vorticity dynamics and control of self-propelled swimming of the 3D rays
Zhi-Qiang XIN
*
and Chui-Jie WU
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: xinzhiqiang@hhu.edu.cn
The self-propelled swimming of the 3D rays is investigated by combining the control strategy of
fish swimming and unsteady computational fluid dynamics numerical algorithm with moving
boundary in this study. The 3D computational fluid dynamics software package contains the
immersed boundary method, volume of fluid method and the adaptive multi-grid finite volume
method. Through the flow control of the 3D travelling wave, the three-dimensional large-scale
vortex structures in the wake of the undulation rays are eliminated, and the fluid mechanisms of
self-propelled swimming of the 3D undulation rays are analyzed in depth. The impacts of the
waveform, wave frequency, wavelength and amplitude of the 3D travelling wave on the force
applied on body and wake structure are also studied.
Keywords: adaptive multi-grids, immersed boundary method, travelling wave, self-propelled
swimming, eliminate wake vortices
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
110Page
ID 6.25
Parallel Performance of GPU and CPU in Computational Fluid Dynamics
P. Srinivasa Murthy, M.R. Muralidharan*, U. Sriramachandra Rao, T. Prasanti
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: murali@serc.iisc.in
An investigation has been carried out on open source CFD code OpenFoam after offloading most
compute intensive matrix solver for P equation in incompressible flow domain to GPU. Results are
obtained for the Cavity and E-387 Airfoil. Both the results are obtained by running in multi CPU
and single GPU processors. It has been found that there is a super linear performance of CPUs for
E-387 Airfoil problem and single GPU performance is giving comparable 4 CPU performance for
2D cavity flow problem.
Keywords: Unsteady flow, Airfoil, Cavity, MAV, parallel performance, Navier Stokes Solvers
ID 6.26
A Deformation Gradient Based Formulation for Incompressible Smoothed
Particle Hydrodynamics
Prapanch Nair*, AdithyaVijaykumar, Gaurav Tomar

*
e-mail address of presenting authors: prapanj@mecheng.iisc.ernet.in
In Incompressible Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (ISPH), incompressibility is achieved by
employing a projection algorithm similar to the Eulerian CFD algorithms. We propose some
modifications to the ISPH algorithm to enhance its stability. Our observations point to the fact that
SPH is a Lagrangian solver and therefore solving pressure for a divergence free velocity field, due
to particle approximation, may not necessarily result in an incompressible flow field. We propose a
formulation for the pressure equation based on the deformation gradient of the particle
configuration that takes into account the moving particle configuration. The modification allows
simulations with time-step as large as that suggested by the CFL criterion and thereby improves
computational efficiency. ISPH is widely used for free surface flow simulations where Dirichlet
boundary condition for pressure is applied at the free surface. But, the identification of free surface
has been dealt with heuristically in literature. We propose a more general formulation that naturally
captures the free surfaces in a flow. This avoids unphysical spraying of particles. Modified ISPH
shows appreciable improvement in the smoothness of the free surface and the particle
configuration. In particular, the jet emerging from the reflected gravity wave is accurately captured.
Keywords: ISPH, isochoric deformation, free surface, dam break.
Abstracts
111Page
ID 6.27
Numerical Simulation of Two-Phase Free Surface Flows with a Coupling
Explicit - Implicit Method
P.H. Nam
*
, N.T. Hung
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: phnam@dut.udn.vn
The developments of a Finite Volume Method (FVM) for 2-D incompressible Navier-Stokes on
Cartesian coordinate system to model free surface flows are presented. A Split Lagrangian
Advection (SLA) scheme for Volume-Of-Fluid (VOF) method is implemented in this article. The
SLA scheme is developed based on an algorithm of Piecewise Linear Interface Calculation (PLIC).
The coupling between the continuity and momentum equations is affected by using a well-known
Semi-Implicit Method for Pressure-Linked Equations (SIMPLE) algorithm. While the momentum
equations are solved implicitly, an explicit time split scheme is used for volume fraction equations.
Two test cases of dam-breaking problem are examined. There is a good agreement between the
numerical results and the analytical solutions as well as experimental results, so the reliability of the
new numerical simulation algorithm is validated.
Keywords: Free Surface Flows, Incompressible, Navier-Stokes Solver, SIMPLE Algorithm,
Lagrangian Advection, VOF Method, Dam-breaking.
ID 6.28
MILES Study on Base Flow Structure of a Circular Cylinder at an Angle of
Attack
Chen Zhi, Pan Honglu, Cheng Xiaoli
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: chenzhi110@gmail.com
The base flow structure of a circular cylinder at 10 degrees angle of attack in a Mach 2.5 flow is
studied with the means of Monotonically Integrated Large Eddy Simulation (MILES) method. The
base flow shock structure, velocity field and base pressure are presented and compared to the
experiment measurements of Dutton and RANS simulation of Gaitonde. The analysis of vortex
structure indicates that the base vortex shedding pattern is responsible for the non-circular density
distribution at x slice plane of the base.
Keywords: Monotonically Integrated Large Eddy Simulation, Base Flow, Vortex Shedding
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
112Page


ID 6.29
Multi-objective Design Optimization Study of Capsule Configuration Based on
CFD
Wang Rong
*
, Chen Bing-yan
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: dilect@126.com
Aerodynamic static longitudinal stability characteristics, hypersonic lift-to-drag ratio characteristics
under trim angle of attack and off-set location placement of gravity center of capsule configuration
were studied through Multi-point/objective Design Optimization technique combined numeric
parallel simulation methods. Conflict relations are presented between the aerodynamic static
longitudinal stability and the other two characteristics: Aerodynamic static longitudinal stability is
improved conditioned that decreased trimmed lift-drag ratio and increased offset location of gravity
center, whereas, increasing trimmed lift-drag ratio or decreasing offset location of gravity center
means worse static stability.
Keywords: Multi-objective, Design optimization, Capsule, Numeric simulation.
ID 6.30
Numerical methodology for simulating flows over turbine blades
Rajesh Ranjan
*
, S.M. Deshpande, Roddam Narasimha
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: rajesh@jncasr.ac.in
A3D parallel finite volume cell-centered based DNS code has been developed to simulate flow past
a complicated geometry like a turbine or compressor blade. Unlike many other similar work where
DNS past blades have been performed solving incompressible Navier-Stokes equations on elliptic
grids, the current code solves Navier-Stokes in compressible form on unstructured grids.
Compressible simulation is more suitable for detailed heat-transfer studies. Unstructured grids offer
greater flexibility compared to elliptic grids if the geometry shapes are complex.
Second order kinetic energy preserving central scheme that has no numerical dissipation, is used for
flux calculation. Time marching is done using explicit Runge-Kutta 3 scheme and characteristics
based boundary condition is employed at inlet and outlet. The code has been tested against
robustness and accuracy for various benchmark problems. Results are presented for Taylor-Green
vortex flow simulated with the developed code. Preliminary results for flow past a typical low
pressure turbine (LPT) blade passage at low Reynolds number is presented.
Keywords: DNS, Kinetic Energy preserving scheme, Gas turbine, Separated Flow, Taylor-Green
vortex
Abstracts
113Page
ID 6.31
Influence of Different Degrees of Stenosis and Time Period on the Flow Behavior
through Affected Artery and Stress Distribution on VesselWall
KM. Rafidh Hassan*, M.A. H. Mamun
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: rafidh.06@gmail.com
In order to prevent, diagnose and treat vascular diseases detailed knowledge of blood flow and the
response of blood vessel is essential. In the present computational analysis, pulsatile flow and
vessel wall behavior in a simplified model of a stenosed vessel has been investigated.
Hemodynamic factors and biomechanical forces play key roles in initiation, development and
finally rupture of plaques. In this paper we investigated the flow pattern and stress field for different
degrees of stenoses at different time period under physiological conditions. Diseases are modeled as
semicircular shape stenoses with varying diameter reductions of 40% and 80%, respectively. A
simulation model that is governed by the couple of equations of mass and momentum and solved by
employing Galerkin weighted residual method of finite element formulation which incorporates
fluid-structure interaction and realistic boundary conditions with sinusoidal inlet condition and wall
boundary with no slip and no viscous stress have been developed. A sinusoidal inflow waveforms
were simulated considering the fluid as Newtonian and incompressible. The hemodynamic
parameter like wall shear stress (WSS) fluctuates during the pulse period and this fluctuation
increases with an increase of degree of stenosis. Mean flow characteristics such as Time Average
Wall Shear Stress (TAWSS) shows that both wall is also affected by the interaction of shear layer
and vortex rings.
Keywords: Degree of stenosis, wall shear stress, Interaction of shear layer, vortex rings.
ID 6.32
A Numerical Study on Flow Behavior through a Model Eccentric Stenosed
Artery for Variable Pulsatile Flow Wave Forms
Md. Rezwanul Haque, A.B.M Toufique Hasan* and A.K.M. Sadrul Islam
*e-mail address of presenting authors: toufiquehasan@me.buet.ac.bd
A numerical simulation is carried out to investigate the effect of the variation of pulsating flow
wave forms on the flow behavior through an arterial stenosis. A semicircular eccentric stenosis is
considered which is more relevant in cardiovascular system rather than symmetric one. The degree
of stenosis has been considered as 50% (by area). The Reynolds number is varied from 200 to 970
during the pulsation while the Womersley number has been kept fixed at 7.12 for the time period
0.7s. Results show significant variation of flow behavior due to the variation of pulsatile flow wave
forms. Moreover vortex rings are developed asymmetrically and the post stenotic areas are severely
affected by the vortex rings and a significant variation of wall shear stress has been observed.
Keywords: Stenosis, Pulsatile flow, Flow wave form, Wall shear stress, numerical simulation
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
114Page

ID 6.33
Numerical Study on Free Surface Flows of a Container Ship with Various
Transom Configurations
Nguyen Duy Trong*, Takanori Hino
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: nguyen-trong-vm@ynu.ac.jp
Flow fields behind a transom of a ship are extremely complicated due to influences from transom
configurations, viscous flow, free surface and propeller interactions. Study on effects of transom
configurations on hydrodynamic characteristics and flow fields of stern waves, therefore, is
important and useful for stern optimization. In this paper, transom shape of a ship model is
modified in both of breadth and depth. The computational results show that changing breadth of
ship does not affect much on flow fields and resistance. However, flow fields and hydrodynamic
resistances of ship models change much with the depth modification.
Keywords: CFD, Transom configurations, Stern waves.
ID 6.34
Computational Fluid Dynamics studies on cavity flow around the ship propeller
Thai. Le Thi
*
, Quang. Le
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: thai.lethi@hust.edu.vn
The paper presents the numerical investigation of the cavity flow around the ship propeller. This
numerical study was done at a grace of a commercial Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD) code,
ANSYS-FLUENT with the viscous and disphase fluid was computed with different initial
conditions.
We used discrete lattice model, model k- and turbulent model line mixed (mixture model). The
viscous flow analysis based on three dimensional incompressible Reynolds Averaged Navier-stokes
equations was performed to predict an apparition of cavity sheet on propeller. The propeller
selected for our calculation is the model propeller which was experimented at NTOU. The
comparison of the cavity form between calculation and experiment show and confirmed the
effectiveness of our method.
Keywords: Cavitation, propeller, RANS.
Abstracts
115Page


ID 6.35
A Numerical Model for 3D Hydrodynamics and Substance Transports in Fluid
Environment
D.H. Chung
*
and N.T.K. Duyen
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: dhchung@imech.ac.vn
FSUM (Flow with Substances Transport and Morphology), a 3D numerical model, is developed as
a tool to solve the problems on hydrodynamics together substances transports in fluid environment.
Its mathematical base consists of 3D Navier-Stokes equations, advection-diffusion equations for
substances and Exners equation for bed update in case of sediment transport. Recently, two
modules for Lagrangian particle tracking and turbulent flow have been added. Numerical solutions
are carried out by using finite difference method with semi-Lagrange method. Especially, the
parallel technique with OpenMP was used.
The application field of the model is the problems related to flood propagation in river system, plan
flood, wind-induced flows in lakes, tidal flows and sediment transport in estuaries and coastal zones,
salinity intrusion, heat transfer, toxics propagation and oil slick, etc.
However, in this paper two typical and effective applications of the model in practice are presented,
namely prediction on sediment transport in Strait of Johor (Malaysia) and prediction on pollution
due to toxic waste from the sewers in West Lake.
Through the computed cases it shows that the numerical scheme and algorithm used in FSUM are
quite stable. In addition, the high possibilities of multiform applications in simulation and
prediction for the different problems related fluid environment in practice have been verified.
Keywords: Numerical model, RANS, Substance transport, LPT and Turbulence.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
116Page
ID 6.36
Large Eddy Simulation of Flow over a Backward Facing Step using Fire
Dynamics Simulator (FDS)
Md. Mahfuz Sarwar*, Khalid A. M. Moinuddin, G. R. Thorpe
*
e-mail address of presenting authors
:
mdmahfuz.sarwar@live.vu.edu.au
Flow over a backward-facing step is a widely used benchmark case in the field of Computational
Fluid Dynamics (CFD). This paper presents the numerical simulation of backward-facing step using
Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS), open source software CFD developed by National Institute of
Standards and Technology (NIST), US. Large Eddy Simulation (LES) is the default mode of its
operation. In this paper, the latest version, FDS 6, is used for the numerical simulation of turbulent
flow over a backward-facing step. This recent version of FDS incorporates four different eddy
viscosity models namely a Constant Coefficient Smagorinsky model, a Dynamic Smagorinsky
model, Deardroffs and Vremans Models. The principal objective of this paper is to compare these
turbulence models with a proposed benchmark case. Moreover, these simulated results are
compared with standard experimental results of Jovic and Driver to assess the accuracies of the
various models.
Keywords: Computational Fluid Dynamics (CFD), Fire Dynamics Simulator (FDS), Large Eddy
Simulation (LES), Benchmark Solution
ID 6.37
Urban RANS flow validation against the Michel-Stadt case
Jrg Franke
*
and Anik Rkai
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: joerg.franke@vgu.edu.vn
The spatial discretization uncertainty of statistically steady Reynolds Averaged Navier Stokes flow
simulations is estimated for the validation test case Michel-Stadt, a complex, generic European city
center that was experimentally investigated in a wind tunnel. The uncertainty estimate is based on
generalized Richardson extrapolation (RE) and performed for two mesh types, one with tetrahedral
cells and one with polyhedral cells. For both mesh types three systematically refined meshes are
used and three different uncertainty estimation methods. It is shown that for both grid types
monotonic convergence of the RE is obtained on less than 50% of the measurement locations, a
typical value for uncertainty estimates in urban flow simulations. Correspondingly the uncertainties
on the fine meshes are large, independent of the uncertainty estimation method. Therefore the
differences between fine grid numerical solution and experimental data for the mean velocities are
at most locations smaller than the validation uncertainty, not allowing definite statements about
possible improvements of the basic mathematical model. However, for the root mean square
velocity components more positions with larger differences between numerical and experimental
values than the validation uncertainty exist, showing that the turbulence modeling must be
improved to improve the quality of the numerical results.
Keywords: Urban flows, solution verification, spatial discretization uncertainty, validation, RANS.
Abstracts
117Page

ID 6.38
Interaction modes of fish schooling in a viscous flow
Emad Uddin, Wei-Xi Huang and Hyung Jin Sung*
*e-mail address of presenting authors: hjsung@kaist.ac.kr
Fish schooling is not merely a social behavior. Schooling improves the efficiency of movement
within the fluid environment. Inspired by the hydrodynamics of schooling, a group of aquatic
animals was modeled as a collection of individuals arranged in a combination of tandem and
side-by-side formations. The downstream bodies were strongly influenced by the vortices shed from
an upstream body. To investigate the interactions between flexible bodies and vortices, the present
study examined flexible filaments in a viscous flow using numerical simulations with an improved
version of the immersed boundary method. Three different filament formations were modeled to
cover the basic structures involved in fish schooling, including triangle, diamond, and conical
formations were examined in detail under various conditions as a model of fish schooling. The drag
variations were influenced by the interactions between vortices shed from the upstream flexible
filaments and those surrounding the downstream filaments. The interactions of the flexible
filaments were investigated as a function of the gap distance between the filaments and the bending
coefficients. The maximum drag reduction and the trailing fish position were calculated for
different sets of conditions.
Keywords: Immersed boundary method, fluid structure interaction, fish schooling, diamond
formation, conical formation
ID 6.39
Simulation of the Transport of Mixed Solid - Liquid (Salt - Brine) in Pump Salt
Applied in Salt Producing Line in Industrial Salt Fields
Bui Thi Thu, Hoang Duc Lien
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: buithucd@gmail.com
The determination of basic parameters of mixtures pump for solid liquid (salt brine), in the
transport system, washing unrefined salt in the hydraulic piping is very important; it greatly
determines output productivity of the whole system. The capacity of the pump will determine the
mix of salt - brine transporting in the hydraulic pipe 100m long, diameter 110mm that salt is not
blocked but gain the highest output.
This paper presents a process simulation of the mixed salt and water transport in the pump with the
different rates of solid/liquid to determine the output of the pump pressure to ensure a mixture of
salt - water transport in the pipe does not blocked but get the highest efficiency, from which create
the basis for making salt pump, applied in salt producing line in industrial salt fields.
Keywords: simulation, calculation, pump, transport, salt, brine.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
118Page
ID 6.40
Kinetics Calculation of Spray Jet Flow of Pesticides by Hydro-aerodynamics
Calculation Software
Hoang Duc Lien
*
, Le Vu Quan, Bui Thi Thu
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: hdlien@hua.edu.vn
The use of pesticides, in reasonable dosage, spraying at the right time and right way is to not only
improve positive effects of pesticides in repelling the harmful effects of epidemic, but also
minimize possible negative effects of pesticides to humans, plants, useful creature and the living
environment.
In this paper, to present the application of hydro - aerodynamics calculation software to simulate
two - phase fluid flow (pesticides are mixed with water) in pesticide spray, thereby define kinetic
parameters (pressure, velocity, flow...) to improve productivity, quality, efficient in using of
pesticide in agricultural production, reduce environmental pollution.
Keywords: Simulation calculation, kinetics, spray jet, pesticides.
ID 6.41
Vortex dynamics in cardiovascular flows: Insights from numerical simulations
Trung B. Le

and Fotis Sotiropoulos
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: lebaotrung@wru.edu.vn
Cardiovascular flow is regulated by many chemical, physical and biological processes, which
ensure the normal functionality of human health. Understanding this type of flow will open new
pathways for diagnosing and treating cardiovascular diseases. In this work, vortex formation
phenomena are investigated in cardiovascular flows using numerical simulation. Patient-specific
data are used to provide realistic boundary conditions for the simulations. Our numerical method is
based on the curvilinear immersed boundary method approach and is able to simulate pulsatile flow
in complex anatomical geometries. The ability of the method to resolve and illuminate the physics
of dynamically rich vortex phenomena is demonstrated by carrying out simulations in: 1) vortex
formation and wall shear-stress dynamics inside an intracranial aneurysm; 2) the hemodynamics of
early diastolic filling in a patient-specific left ventricle (LV); and 3) and fluid-structure interaction
of a tri-leaflet heart valve implanted in the aortic position of a patient-specific left ventricle. For all
cases the computed results yield new insights into the underlying vortex phenomena in
cardiovascular flows and underscore the potential of the numerical method as a powerful tool for
obtaining high-resolution data in patient-specific anatomic geometries.
Keywords: Vortex dynamics, cardiovascular flows, vortex rings, heart valve
Abstracts
119Page
ID 6.42
Drag variation at the onset of vortex shedding
S. Jain, N. Agrawal, Navrose and S. Mittal*
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: smittal@iitk.ac.in
The variation of the drag coefficient near the onset of vortex shedding for flow past a circular
cylinder is investigated. The flow for Re=46 to 54 is studied numerically, by solving the
in-compressible two dimensional Navier Stokes equations via a stabilized finite element
formulation. It is observed that as the flow becomes unsteady for Re47, the drag variation
becomes non monotonic. The viscous component of drag decreases monotonically with Re. On the
other hand, the pressure component of drag decreases with Re for Re < 47 and increases for Re >47.
Further, variation in viscous

and pressure drag

with Re are explained using variation of separation
angle and base suction with Re curves.
Keywords: Critical Re (Re
c
), Drag coefficient (C
D
), Pressure drag coefficient (C
Dp
), Viscous drag
coefficient (C
Dv
), Separation angle (
sep
), Base suction coefficient (-C
pb
), Mean recirculation length
(L
w
).

ID 6.43
Analysis of Flow Field and Heat Transfer of a Fan-Shaped Pin-Fin
Mi-Ae Moon
*
and Kwang-Yong Kim
*
e-mail address of presenting author: miae@inha.edu
This paper presents a numerical analysis of the flow field and heat transfer of a novel fan-shaped
pin-fin in comparison with a circular pin-fin. The fan-shaped pin-fin enhances the heat transfer and
reduces the friction loss in the cooling channel compared to the circular one. The heat transfer
performance of the fan-shaped pin-fin is evaluated in a range of Reynolds number from 5,000 to
100,000. The numerical analyses are performed using three-dimensional Reynolds- averaged
Navier-Stokes analysis. The low-Re SST model is used as a turbulence closure model through the
turbulence model test. The numerical results of the area-averaged Nusselt number for a circular
pin-fin show good agreements with the experimental data. The fan-shaped pin-fin shows higher
heat transfer enhancement than the circular pin-fin over the whole range of Reynolds number. The
flow structure which promotes the heat transfer is analyzed and discussed.
Keywords: Fan-shaped pin-fin, Heat transfer, Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes analysis.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
120Page

ID 6.44
Aero-optic Analysis for Unsteady Mixing Layers
Pan Honglu, Shi Ketian*, Ma Handong
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: honglu-pan@163.com
A high Reynolds number, unsteady compressible mixing layer turbulent flow has been investigated
for aero-optic analysis. Elaborate turbulent coherent structures have been captured with a large
eddy simulation (LES) method. Aero-optic effects due to density pulse have been predicted use
physical optics method. The results indicate that the LES method can capture the transition process
and unsteady turbulent structures development of mixing layer flows. The LES vortex structures
consist with experiment data. Optic transfer effects computed with LES density pulse data can
reveal the characteristics of optics aberration distribution.
Keywords: Aero-Optic; Turbulence; Unsteady; Large eddy simulation
ID 6.45
Numerical Analysis of Three-Dimensional Unsteady Flows around Oscillating
Cascades Using Harmonic Balance Method
Shi Yongqiang
*
, Yang Qingzhen and Huang Xiuquan
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: yqshi@nwpu.edu.cn
In the present paper, a harmonic balance method for the computation of periodic nonlinear unsteady
flows is developed and validated. A code based on harmonic balance approach, is developed for
numerical computation of three-dimensional unsteady flow around cascade. The 3rd order accuracy
NND scheme is applied to pursuing numerical approximation of the spatial derivative, and implicit
LU-SGS scheme is used for temporal discretization. Moreover, in order to improve the computation
efficiency, the pseudo-boundary shape correction method is applied to deal with periodic boundary.
So the full implicit harmonic balance method is established and applied to solve unsteady Navier-
Stokes equations. The unsteady flow around flat plate linear cascade and a transonic fan are
numerical simulated. The results are compared with semi-analytical solution and the results
obtained with time domain method respectively, and it validates the computation method.
Furthermore, it also indicates that, the position and intensity of shock can be correctly solved by
harmonic balance approach, and the efficiency is evidently higher than dual-time stepping method.
The example just in a single blade passage computation shows 5~10 times computational efficiency
by present method in comparison with that by dual-time stepping method.
Keywords: Harmonic balance method, unsteady flow, oscillating cascades, turbomachinery,
dual-time stepping method.
Abstracts
121Page

ID 6.46
Numerical Investigation of Aerocraft Dynamic Stability on Cartesian Grid
Xiao-wen LIU*, Wei-jiang ZHOU, Chu-qun JI
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: liu xiaowen_1982@126.com
Numerical simulation technique was developed for the calculation of aerocraft dynamic stability,
highly-accurate method of multisystem coupling calculation between the fluid dynamics and
geostatics was presented. Validity about present method was investigated by comparing unsteady
aerodynamics both hypersonic blunt cone flow and finer missile by present method with those by
experimental method. Results show that present dynamic method for Cartesian grid system is valid
and credible for analyzing dynamic stability.
Keywords: Cartesian grid; tightly coupled; dynamic stability
ID 6.47
Modeling a Multi-Orifice High Pressure Water-Mist Nozzle Spray
H.M. I. Mahmud*, K.A.M. Moinuddin and G.R. Thorpe
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: hm.mahmud@live.vu.edu.au
The extinguishment of fire by water sprays is strongly influenced by the characteristics of the
sprays which include the spray angle, droplet velocity, flow rate and drop size distribution. This
paper reports research on the characterization of water mists produced by a high-pressure jet
multi-orifice nozzle, and the spray is modeled using computational fluid dynamics (CFD) software.
Volume flux density distribution of the spray is determined by specific spray parameters of spray
angle, droplet velocity, flow rate and drop size distribution. The effect of boundary conditions on
the spray is evaluated. Numerical modeling is also performed to investigate the capability of the
model in predicting the distribution behavior of the spray. A CFD model, Fire Dynamic Simulator
(FDS), is used to simulate a water-mist spray. The flux density distribution of the spray is computed
using the same input parameters of the experiment and the results are compared with those obtained
experimentally
Keywords: Water-mist, Flux density distribution, FDS.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
122Page
ID 6.48
A Numerical Study on Aerodynamic Effects in the Break-up of Liquid Sheet
Mohammad Ali
*
and M. Quamrul Islam
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: mali@me.buet.ac.bd
The disturbances on the surface of a moving liquid sheet in a co-flowing gaseous medium are
studied to analyze the aerodynamic effects on the breakup processes of the liquid sheet. The
problem, composed of the Navier-Stokes systems associated with surface tension forces, is solved
by the Volume of Fluid (VOF) technique with a Continuum Surface Force (CSF) manner artificially
smoothing the discontinuity present at the interface. A simulation code based on VOF method has
been developed and used to observe the insight phenomena of the processes. The code is then
validated by comparing the simulation results with the published experimental data. It can be found
that the prediction of the computation agrees well with the experiment and the code is capable of
capturing the capillary phenomena. After being confident, the simulation model is applied for the
investigation of liquid sheet disintegration and capillary instabilities on the liquid surface. The inlet
velocities of liquid and gas are determined by liquid and gas Weber number, respectively. It is
found that the disturbances occurred by the gas controls the instability process for the liquid sheet
breakup. Two modes of forces for liquid stretching can be found; one is shear force causing the
stretching of liquid by shear velocity and the other is normal force causing the stretching of liquid
by gas velocity ahead the tip of the liquid sheet. Stretching of liquid by shear force causes the
protrusion of liquid from the tip of liquid sheet at initial stage. The surface tension force causes the
tip of the sheet to become round and gradually the aerodynamic normal force at the tip of the sheet
plays an important role to continue the stretching of sheet and controls the formation of droplet and
occurrence of sheet breakup.
Keywords: Liquid sheet, surface tension, aerodynamic effect, capillary wave, VOF method.
Abstracts
123Page
ID 6.49
A Computational Study on Fluid Structural Interaction for Flow through a
Model Arterial Stenosis
A.B.M. Toufique Hasan
*
, Md. Rejaul Haque and Md. Emran Hossain Bhuiyan
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: toufiquehasan@me.buet.ac.bd
The study of blood flow through a stenosed artery is very important because of the fact that the
cause and development of many cardiovascular diseases are related to the nature of blood flow and
the mechanical behavior of the blood vessel. In the present study, the interaction of blood flow with
plaque (stenosis) was numerically modeled. A sinusoidal flow wave form was used to mimic the
phasic blood flow through the artery. The degree of stenosis has been varied from 10% to 70% (by
area) and the fibrous cap thickness was varied from 0.1 mm to 2.0 mm. Vortex rings are observed to
develop at the pre- and post-stenotic region in the stenosed artery. It is found that the deformation
of stenosis, wall shear stress (WSS), peak principle stress and Vonmises stress increase with
increasing the degree of stenosis. Moreover, the peak principle stress was found to be maximum
(2000 Pa) at the instant of peak velocities of the phasic flow for the case of 70% stenosis with 0.1
mm fibrous cap thickness.
Keywords: Stenosis, fluid-structure interaction, fibrous cap, principle stress, Vonmises stress.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
124Page
Topic: Environmental and Natural Fluid Mechanics
ID 7.01
Development of Modeling System to Simulate Hydrodynamic and
Environmental Quantities in the Hai Phong Estuary, Vietnam
DINH Van Uu
*
, HA Thanh Huong, PHAM Van Tien
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: uudv@vnu.edu.vn
In this study, a couple hydrodynamic and Environmental Modeling System MDEC-HUS was
developed to simulate water circulation, suspended sediment, oil pollutants and other environmental
qualities in the Hai Phong coastal estuarine region, Vietnam under tide, wind and river discharge
variables. Three-dimensional thermo-dynamic primitive equations were used to investigate current
velocity, water level, suspended sediment, and the environmental qualities. The impacts of surface
wave have included in the atmospheric and bottom boundary layer sub-models to take a count the
interaction surface wave - wind and bottom stress. In addition, the Smagorinsky scheme was used
to parameterize horizontal subgrid processes. A special computing procedure was applied to the
river boundaries because the tidal range in the area is approximately 4 m. We tested the effects of
each quantity against the observed data during the dry and wet seasons. The deposited and
resuspended rates were confirmed by analytical shear stress solution in the wave-current coexisting
field. The simulated results of the MDEC-HUS help to understand the erosion and depression
mechanism on the sea bottom and to interpret turbidity in the Do Son beach area.
Keywords: MDEC-HUS modeling system, Hai Phong coastal estuarine region.
ID 7.02
Studying the water quality in the Dong Nai River estuary
Nguyen Thanh Co
*
, Dinh Van Manh
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: thanhcoz@yahoo.com
Dong Nai River estuary is an important marine economic area of Vietnam. Specially, in this area
there is the Can Gio mangrove forest, that is not only national ecological tourism area but also the
worlds biosphere reservation with an unique, typical biodiversity of mangrove forest. However, in
the recent years, the sea water quality is being affected strongly due to the waste load from the
rivers.
In order to study water quality and evaluate the main elements that affect on concentration
distribution and spread of pollutants in this sea area, a numerical model was set up based on the
basis of the Mike21FM software which was developed by the Danish Hydrodynamic Institute
(DHI) to simulate present state and forecast for year 2020 scenarios for DO and BOD concentration.
The numerical model has been calibrated and validated against the measurement data at the some
measurement stations in the study area.
Abstracts
125Page

ID 7.03
Study of the climate change impacts on water quality in upstream part of Cau
river basin
Dao Thi Thu Huong
*
and Ha Ngoc Hien
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: daothuhuong6883@yahoo.com
Floods, droughts and other abnormal weather phenomena are main impacts of climate change on
water resources. Not only affecting water availability, climate change also affects water quality:
raising flood intensity increases the likelihood of runoff pollutants and sediment to water; a rise in
temperature also increases the solubility and the chemical reaction rate of pollutants in water.
Meanwhile, in the dry season, low flow in the rivers, lakes may increase the concentration of
pollutants.
This paper presents the research results of climate change impacts on water quality in upstream part
of Cau river basin. GIBSI model was used to calculate hydrological processes, pollutant and
sediment runoff, processes of pollutant transport and transformation in the river basin. Research
results showed detail changes of water quality in this region based on different climate change
scenarios by 2050.
Keywords: climate change, runoff, water quality, climate change scenarios.
ID 7.04
Analysis of Sea Level Rise Impacts on Negombo Lagoon Hydrodynamics
P.K.P. Pushpakumara*, S.B. Weerakoon, K.D.W. Nandalal and R. Ranasinghe
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: pushpakumarapkp@gmail.com
This paper presents an analysis of climate change induced sea level rise (SLR) impacts on the
hydrodynamic behaviour in the Negombo lagoon situated in the west coast of Sri Lanka. A
hydrodynamic model was set up for the Negombo lagoon using the modelling suite Delft3D and the
depth of the entire model domain was increased by 71 cm to characterize the SLR within the 21
st

century anticipated for the A2 emission scenario by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate
Change (2007). The model was run under the present and future sea levels with stream flows of dry
(3.52 m
3
s
-1
) and wet (57.03 m
3
s
-1
) months. The results reveal that the monthly mean instantaneous
lagoon-sea water exchange rate is increased by 65% in response to the SLR. The SLR does not
impact significantly on the circulation pattern in the lagoon whereas flow velocity increases as a
result of surplus lagoon-sea water exchange. The salinity level in the lagoon will increase in future
by 3% and 63% during dry and wet months respectively. The impact of SLR on the vertical salinity
gradient in the lagoon is insignificant. The overall result indicates that the Negombo lagoon
hydrodynamics is affected by the climate change induced SLR to cause changes in the lagoon
productivity.
Keywords: Sea level rise, Modelling, Hydrodynamics, Delft3D, Negombo lagoon.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
126Page
ID 7.05
Study on the transpiration in leaf mesophyll cells using hydrogel models with
nano/micro porous structures
Hyejeong Kim
*
and Sang Joon Lee
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: carpediem7@postech.ac.kr
Leaves are not only the main pumps for water transport in plants, but also a major resistor in whole
plant hydraulic system (Tyree, Vargas et al. 2002). In this study, the inner morphological structure
of a plant leaf was observed using synchrotron x-ray micro computed tomography (SR- CT). Based
on this 3D structural information, the spatial distributions of mesophyll cells inside the plant leaf
were visualized. To study the structural effect on water transport in a plant, we observed the water
transport through agarose gel(AG) and agarose-based cryogel(AC), which are nanoporous
hydrogel and macroporous hydrogel, respectively. The experimental results would be used for
developing a new-concepted pump by bio-inspiring plant leaf transpiration.
Keywords: Leaf conductance, Synchrotron x-ray computed tomography, Mesophyll cells,
Substomatal air space, Agarose gel, Cryogel

ID 7.06
Pattern formation due to a vortex ring colliding to a granular layer and its
dependence on the granular properties
Junya Yoshida, Osamu Sano
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: 50012834102@st.tuat.ac.jp
When a vortex ring collides on a granular layer, characteristic erosion patterns, called circular
crater and dimple are formed. In order to clarify the mechanism of these pattern formations, we
measured the temporal variation of the layer thickness by means of the transmitted light intensity,
as well as the velocity field using particle image velocimetry (PIV). According to our results,
circular crater on the granular layer is associated at the radial engraving by the primary vortex ring
which impacts on a granular layer. After that, dimples are formed by the deformed secondary vortex
ring which is generated on the granular layer. These erosion patterns vary with the Reynolds
number of the vortex ring and the properties of the granular material.
Keywords: vortex ring, granular material, collision
Abstracts
127Page
ID 7.07
A Simplified Model of Mat-shape Algae Horizontal Drift
Chen Yuan-ying, Liu Qing-quan*
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: qqliu@imech.ac.cn
Wind can lead to large-scale heterogeneity in the horizontal distribution of phytoplankton in lakes.
By analyzing the stress mechanism of the mat-shape algae on the surface of water, we treat the
algae layer as a kind of liquid and establish a two-layer fluid model. A basic relationship between
wind speed and algae moving velocity is deduced theoretically, which indicates that the drift
velocity of mat-shape algae changes with wind speed in a quadratic function. Finally, the theoretical
result is examined by the observation data and fits well.
Keywords: mat-shape algae, drift velocity, wind speed, two-layer fluid model.
ID 7.08
A Two-Dimensional Study on Wind-Driven Ventilation of Buildings
Truong H. T. Thao
*
, Tran Q. Duc, Than N. Hai, Nguyen Q. Y
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: truonghuutamthao@gmail.com
Natural ventilation of buildings can be made by employing pressure difference among different
parts of buildings induced by external wind. Wind-catching parts have positive pressure while lee
parts have negative one. When there are openings on both sides, airflow is induced through the
building.
In this study, experiments and numerical computations were conducted to study wind-driven
ventilation through two-dimensional scaled models of buildings. The purpose is to examine effects
of: 1) pitch angle (p) of the roof, and 2) relative positions of openings on both sides on induced
flow-rate through the building. The experiments were performed in the wind tunnel at the
Laboratory of Fluid Mechanics of Ho Chi Minh City University of Technology. The scaled models
of buildings had dimensions of order of 10cm. Velocities of wind passing the model and induced
airflow through the models were measured with a hot-wire anemometer.
The computations were made by a CFD (computational fluid dynamics) technique. Governing
equations were discretized with Finite Volume Method. Standard - model was used for
turbulence. Computed domain included both the buildings and appropriate extended space.
Reasonable agreement was seen between the measured and computed induced velocity in similar
conditions of wind. From the results, optimal pitch angle and relative positions of the openings
were found.
Keywords: wind tunnel, CFD, roof pitch, natural ventilation.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
128Page

ID 7.09
The Relation between Petal Surface Cell Shape and Fluid Flow
Maki Sato* and Seiichi Sudo
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: m15a003@akita-pu.ac.jp
This paper is concerned with the plant fluid mechanics. The petal surface cell shape in the folding
and unfolding of dandelion flower head was measured with the confocal laser scanning microscope.
Non-contact measurement of surface roughness on the petal with laser acquisition of
three-dimensional data was conducted over a long period of time. Surface cells showed expansion
and contraction through the opening and closing of flower head. The common walls of two adjacent
cells permit fluid to pass between them. Fluid flow in petal cells with the flower head movements
was discussed.
Keywords: Plant movement, Petal surface, Surface roughness, Surface cells, Biofluid, Water
potential.
ID 7.10
On some Problems of Sediment Transport in Rivers
Christian Licht*, Tran Thu Ha

*
e-mail address of presenting authors: christian.licht@univ-montp2.fr

In this paper the problems of sediment transport in rivers are studied by semi-group methods. The
problems are studied with some suitable coefficients so that they can be solved by this method.
Conditions for existence, uniqueness and stability are given.
Keywords: Saint-Venant, Sediment and concentration equation, semi group operator method


Abstracts
129Page
ID 7.11
Study of the Tide at Hondau Area, Doson, Haiphong, Vietnam and Application
Tran Thi Ngoc Duyet, Do Ngoc Quynh, Nguyen Van Moi, Pham Thi Minh Hanh and Do Thi
Thu Ha
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: ngocduyet@gmail.com
The tide at Hondau area has been studied by different methods. Among them, they are measuring,
calculating from tidal harmonics constituents and using the numerical model - Software
TIDEFLOW-2D (provided by HR Wallingford, UK). A comparison of the results between
measured and computed water level shows that tide level in Hondau could be well calculated from
13 harmonics constituents: M
2
, S
2
, K
1
, O
1
, M
4
, MS
4
, M
6
, N
2
, K
2
, P
1
, Q
1
, Sa, Ssa. So that Hondau
island should be chosen for scientific research on physical oceanography, for setting up a scale
model for tidal power-station as well as for convalescence and tourism purposes.
Keywords: Hondau island, tidal constituent, tidal harmonics constant, four most important
constituents.
ID 7.12
Some initial rudiment results on hydrodynamic wave deposition/erosion
processes in the coastal southern Vietnam
Hoang Van Huan, Phan Manh Hung, Nguyen Thi Phuong Thao
*e-mail address of presenting authors: hvhuan54@yahoo.com.vn
The Mekong Delta is the heart of the rice producing region of the country where water, boats,
houses and markets coexist to produce a generous harvest of rice. Within the delta system
dominated by rice, now the farming system in coastal zone also includes activities related to
aquaculture, rearing of animals, cash crops and fruit trees. Under aquaculture fresh and saline water
shrimp are raised within the paddy rice fields. As a further environmental zoning of the delta,
mangrove forests are also developed.
However, coastal zone in the southern Viet Nam recently takes place erosion/deposition
phenomenon considerably, especially under climate change condition. This paper presents the
rudiment results of study on the hydrodynamic wave deposition/erosion phenomenon in the
coastal southern Viet Nam. Hydrodynamic, wave and sediment transport modules in Mike 21/3 FM
modeling software are used to give initial general picture on erosion/deposition process in coastal
southern Viet Nam. Based on these results of paper, the manager is able to propose feasible
measures to reduce negative impacts as well as promote exploitation of positive aspects for the
sustainable development in the southern Viet Nam.


The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
130Page
Topic: Flow Control and Measurement
ID 8.01
Experimental investigation of a round jet instability in a cross -flow
Kozlov V.V., Litvinenko M.V.
*
, Litvinenko Yu.A., Grek G.R
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: litmar@itam.nsc.ru

Results of the experimental and numerical investigations of the characteristics of the evolution of a
round jet with the parabolic mean velocity profile in the cross shear flow are presented. The
instability of the round jet with the parabolic mean velocity profile is found to lead to its
deformation in the form of tangential bursts of a gas from the jet periphery by the cross flow into
the ambient space, to their folding into a pair of counter rotating vortices, and, therefore, to the
reduction of the jet core.
Keywords: round jet, shear flow, flow visualization, jet instability, hot-wire anemometry.
ID 8.02
Wake Structures behind a Circular Disk
S. Ichikawa, S. Nakamura* and H. Ishikawa
*e-mail address of presenting authors: s_ichikawa@rs.tus.ac.jp
It is important to study vortex structure in the wake behind three dimensional bluff bodies. The aim
of this study is to educe vortex structure in the wake behind a circular disk which is a typical three
dimensional buff body. Three velocity components, streamwise, radial and circumferential velocity
behind the disk were measured by X-type hot wire measurement. Phase averaged method provided
the result that staggered-type vortex structure was a dominant vortex structure at Re=10,000.
Keywords: Vortex Structure, Wake, Circular Disk, Hot-wire Measurement, Phase averaged method
Abstracts
131Page
ID 8.03
Turbulence statistics and coherent structures of channel flow with the dielectrics
barrier discharge plasma actuator
Shilong Lan*, Junji Huang
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: lanshilong@buaa.edu.cn
The objective of this work is to study the effect of plasma actuators in a turbulent channel flow. The
plasma induced-flow is numerically investigated based on a phenomenological electromagnetic
model, the region of plasma operation is considered as the body force field, which is introduced in
the Navier-Stokes equations. The numerical simulations are performed using a pseudospectral
method, a Chebychev-tau formulation in the wallnormal direction and a Fourier representation in
the horizontal direction. Both plasma induced flow and base flow are investigated. Turbulence
statistics such as mean velocity profile, turbulent fluctuation intensity and wall friction are obtained
from the DNS data, in addition, Reynolds stress balance are also examined, the effect of the plasma
is quantitatively shown in comparison with the base flow. The coherent structures near the wall are
studied to explore the mechanism on the plasma control. Finally, the ability of plasma control to
manipulate the flow structures that contribute to the Reynolds stresses in the wall-bounded flow is
briefly discussed.
Keywords: Channel flow, Plasma actuator, Direct numerical simulation, Reynolds stress,
Turbulence.
ID 8.04
Suboptimal Control of Wall Turbulence with Moving Dimples
Wei-Xi Huang
*
, Wu-Yang Zhang and Chun-Xiao Xu
*
e-mail of the presenting author: hwx@tsinghua.edu.cn
Direct numerical simulation of a turbulent channel flow with moving dimples at the bottom wall
was carried out using the spectral method in the curvilinear coordinates. Suboptimal control based
on the wall information of the spanwise wall shear stress was applied for skin-friction drag
reduction. The average reconstruction scheme together with the spanwise stripped truncation of the
weighting function was adopted for realization of the control law in physical space. Low-pass
filtering of the wall shear stress was additionally implemented for the control input to eliminate the
fluctuations due to the presence of dimples. Drag reduction was successfully obtained under the
present control strategy by reducing the pressure form drag as compared with the original
suboptimal control.
Keywords: suboptimal control, wall turbulence, dimple
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
132Page
ID 8.05
Active Control of Flow Separation using Electro-Active Polymer-based Dimple
Actuators
Ravi Dodamani
*
, P. Chowdhury, Dinil Divakaran, K.T. Madhavan
*e-mail address of presenting authors: ravidodamani@nal.res.in, raviuvce@gmail.com
A recent advancement in the field of flow control is the development of active dimples using smart
materials. Dimples induce transition of the boundary layer by generating streamwise vortices,
leading to the alleviation of boundary layer separation. Studies carried out earlier by the authors at
NAL using simulated dimples have demonstrated their effectiveness in separation control. Dimple
actuators, based on Electro-Active Polymers, have been developed and applied successfully for
control of flow separation on a low Reynolds number airfoil. This paper describes the design,
fabrication and the wind tunnel characterization of airfoil with dimples at low Reynolds number. It
has been demonstrated that EAP-based dimple actuators can very effectively control the laminar
separation bubble resulting in enhanced performance of the airfoil.
Keywords: Active flow control, Dimple actuators, Electro-active polymer, NACA4415 airfoil,
Laminar separation bubble, Particle Image Velocimetry, Wind tunnel tests.
ID 8.06
Control of Separated Flow in Diffuser at Low Reynolds Number by Active
Dimple
Yuta YOSHINARI*, Masahiro MOTOSUKE, and Shinji HONAMI
*e-mail address of presenting author: j4512663@ed.tus.ac.jp
An active dimple with an oscillating bottom surface was developed for low separation control of a
low Reynolds number diffuser flow. The active dimple can provide a periodic disturbance into the
flow by means of an amplified piezoelectric actuator. In the present study, basic characteristics of
the active dimple were obtained by measuring an induced flow around the dimple using dynamic
PIV. The dimple dimension was 5 and 10 mm in diameter, 0 and 0.5 mm in depth and 0.1 ~ 0.5 mm
in amplitude, respectively. Reynolds number of the main flow based on the channel height was 650.
The influences of the dimple actuation on separated flow in a diffuser were evaluated by the
pressure recovery. Effect of different oscillation modes with sinusoidal, triangle and trapezoidal
forms were also examined.
Keywords: Active dimple, Separation flow control, Induced flow, Dynamic PIV, Pressure recovery.

Abstracts
133Page

ID 8.07
Flow patterns over dimple arrays of different dimple depths
C. M. J. Tay
*
, Y. T. Chew and B. C. Khoo
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: mpetcmj@nus.edu.sg
Hot wire velocity measurements are carried out over two dimple arrays with different dimple depth
to diameter ratios (d/D) of 5% and 1.5%. The dimple arrays are located within a channel and the
study is conducted for a range of Reynolds numbers from 20000 to 70000. The velocity
measurements conducted with the dimple arrays show that the mean flow is highly repetitive over
each dimple in the array, with the mean flow pattern being the same over each dimple and
independent of its spatial position. The measurements also show that the mean streamwise velocity
patterns for the deeper dimples do not change significantly within this Reynolds number range and
both the mean velocity and contours of its fluctuations remain largely similar. The suggested
pattern in fact is similar to what is reported of much deeper dimples with depth to diameter ratios of
20%. For very shallow dimples with depth to diameter ratios of 1.5%, the flow pattern changes
significantly with Reynolds numbers. Flow structures within these shallow dimples intensify in
relative strength as the Reynolds number increases.
Keywords: Dimple, hot-wire, channel flow.
ID 8.08
Effect of Leading edge tubercles on flow field over NACA-4415 airfoil at low
Reynolds number
S Sudhakar
*
and N Karthikeyan
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: ssudha@nal.res.in
An experimental study was carried out to investigate the effect of sinusoidal leading (tubercles) on
flow field over NACA-4415 airfoil at a Reynolds number of 120,000. The wave length and
amplitude of the sinusoidal leading edge is 0.25c and 0.025c respectively. The global effect of
sinusoidal leading edge on the flow field was assessed through pressure measurement and surflow
visualization and compared with base airfoil. The airfoil with modified leading edge shows better
pressure recovery compared to the baseline airfoil. However, the inclusion of the tubercles causes
spanwise flow with complex features compared to a simple 2-dimensional flow over the baseline
airfoil.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
134Page
ID 8.09
Numerical study of active flow control on a pitching NACA 0015 airfoil
L. Wang
*
, L.Y. Li, and S. Fu.
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: wangliang12@mail.tsinghua.edu.cn
This study conducted Detached-Eddy Simulations of the actively controlled flow over a 0.35 m
chord NACA0015 airfoil at an incidence angle of 11
o
and a chord Reynolds number of 1 million.
Both pulsed blowing and a harmonic actuation (zero-net-mass flux) were used and compared. Flow
separation can be delayed by both excitation mechanisms through a slot positioned at 30% of the
chord length. By simulating different excitation frequencies and intensities, an optimum flow
control condition was identified, which agreed well with the one in experiment.
Keywords: active flow control, Detached-Eddy Simulation, stall
ID 8.10
Active control of flow separation on an airfoil wing with the use of a row of
vortex generators
S. Takagi, and Y. Ueda
*

*
e-mail address of presenting authors: s2022005@mmm.muroran-it.ac.jp
Vortex generators (VG) on airplane wings are quite useful in practice to abate flow separation;
however their deployment when unnecessary can result in large aerodynamic drag. A new method
is proposed whereby a row of VGs are activated in oscillatory or unsteady motion on demand. The
proposed method was evaluated for flow separation over a typical radio- controlled airplane wing in
wind-tunnel experiments. The experimental results show that higher oscillation is more effective in
the delay of flow separation.
Keywords: Vortex generator, Active control, Separation.
Abstracts
135Page
ID 8.11
Streamwise Vortex Pairs induced by Counter Type Plasma Jet
Shunsuke FUNAOKA*, Shunsuke YAMADA, Seiji ICHIKAWA and Hitoshi ISHIKAWA
*e-mail address of presenting authors: j4508085@ed.kagu.tus.ac.jp
Streamwise vortex pairs induced by counter type plasma jet were introduced into the boundary
layer and separated shear layer from flat plate wing. The electrodes of the plasma actuator on the
surface of the wing were arranged in the spanwise direction. Plasma jets injected from the adjacent
plasma electrodes collided with each other, and then were rolled up into the streamwise vortex
pairs. The interaction of streamwise vortex pair with the boundary layer developed on the flat plate
was visualized by high speed video camera. The steamwise velocity distribution was measured by
hot-wire anemometer. The results provided that the distance of plasma electrodes affected the
formation of roll-up vortex pair.
Keywords: Flow control, Plasma actuator, Flat plate wing, Wake, Streamwise vortex
ID 8.12
Flow past circular cylinder with forward splitter plate
P. Suriyanarayanan*, Kiran Chutkey and L. Venkatakrishanan
*e-mail address of presenting authors: suriya@nal.res.in
Drag reduction is of more importance on bodies like circular cylinders. Majority of the studies
focused on the modification of the wake region while little effort has gone into the nose
streamlining of such bluff body. In this study, experiments were carried out on a circular cylinder of
40 mm diameter with different forward splitter plates at a Reynolds number of 5.33 x 104. Planar
PIV, surface pressure and hot wire measurements were carried out to understand the flow field
around the cylinder for different splitter plate geometries. The splitter plates at the front end of the
cylinder modify the flow field near the stagnation region which in turn modifies the flow in the
cylinder wake.
Keywords: Circular cylinder, Shedding frequency, splitter plate
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
136Page
ID 8.13
Study of plasma-assisted combustion through laser diagnostics
Shaohua Zhang, Lihong Chen
*
, Xilong Yu, Xinyu Zhang
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: lhchen@imech.ac.cn
Using dielectric barrier discharges (DBD), the investigation of plasma-assisted combustion on the
CH
4
/air Bunsen flame through laser based diagnostics have been carried out. The burning velocities
of premixed methane/air flames and its enhancement by plasma were all experimental measured
from the drifts of radicals location in the flame before and after the discharges, with the transient
CH-PLIF and OH-PLIF techniques. The results show that the flame speeds have been markedly
enhanced (15% at least) by DBD. Meanwhile, the spectroscopic measurements of the Bunsen
flames with and without DBD revealed that the concentrations of the crucial radicals (like
C
2
,CH,OH etc.) in combustion were all densified greatly by the discharges, and the appearance of
excited spectral bands of N
2
and N
2
+
during discharge indicates that the premixed gas was heated
and ionized partially by DBD.
Keywords: dielectric barrier discharges (DBD), plasma-assisted, OH/CH-PLIF, velocity
ID 8.14
Measurements of bubbly counter-current two-phase flow in a vertical pipe using
ultrasonic Doppler method (UDM) and ultrasonic time domain cross-correlation
(UTDC) method
Tat Thang Nguyen
*
, Hiroshige Kikura, Ngoc Hai Duong, Hideki Murakawa and Nobuyoshi
Tsuzuki
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: ntthang@imech.ac.vn; ntthang_imech@yahoo.com
Measurements of instantaneous velocity profiles of both liquid and gas have been carried out for
bubbly counter-current two-phase flow in a vertical pipe of 50 mm inner diameter (liquid flowing
downwards and gas upwards). The measurement methods used include the ultrasonic Doppler
method (UDM) and the ultrasonic time domain cross-correlation (UTDC) method. Using each
method, measurements have been conducted simultaneously for both phases using a multi-wave
ultrasonic transducer (TDX) that is able to emit and receive ultrasound of two different center
frequencies of 2 MHz and 8 MHz at the same measurement position. 2 MHz frequency is exploited
for measurement of gas. 8 MHz one is used for liquid. Based on the measured results, assessment of
each method, when they are applied to this particular case of two-phase flow, is clarified. Moreover,
measured results of two-phase flow (both instantaneous and time-average velocity profiles) can be
used to derive multi-dimensional characteristics of bubbly counter-current flow, and to contribute to
experimental database of two-phase flows.
Keywords: velocity measurement, non-contact measurement, UVP, two-phase flow, pipe flow,
bubbly flow, UDM, UTDC
Abstracts
137Page

ID 8.15
Flow Characteristics of Supercritical Kerosene through Orifice Flow-meter
Fengquan Zhong, Guoxin Dang, Yongjiang Zhang, Lihong Chen, Xinyu Zhang
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: fzhong@imech.ac.cn
Kerosene flow through an orifice flow meter at varied inlet temperatures is numerically studied.
With a 10-species surrogate for kerosene and the extended corresponding state method, the present
developed numerical method integrates complex thermal and transport properties of kerosene into
methods of turbulence simulation. Based on the numerical results, a pressure drop is found across
the orifice and its value increases with the inlet temperature. The flow field indicates that the
pressure drop is caused by significant flow separation and vortical structure formed downstream of
the orifice. As the inlet temperature rises and kerosene becomes supercritical, the orifice flow
coefficient C decreases considerably due to the physical change of kerosene.
Keywords: orifice flow meter, supercritical, kerosene, numerical simulation.
ID 8.16
Bubble Induced Turbulence in Bubble Plumes
Qingqing Pan*, Stein T. Johansen, Mark Reed, Lars Stran
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: qingqing.pan@ntnu.no
In bubbly flow, bubbles and the surrounding fluid interact through both force and turbulence
coupling. The effects of flow turbulence on bubble trajectory are reflected in turbulent dispersion.
Bubbles will introduce extra turbulence into the fluid through wake effects (so-called pseudo
turbulence). The single phase k-epsilon model does not incorporate the bubble-induced turbulence
[1]. This study aimed to develop and implement a model to account for these effects. The
gas-stirred-ladle experiments of [10] and [1] were employed for validation. The model framework
combines a volume of fluid (VOF) and discrete phase model (DPM). VOF is used to capture the
fountain shape formed by the bubble plume reaching the surface, while DPM is a parcel-based
Lagrangian approach to track bubbles.
Keywords: bubble plume, bubble induced turbulence, pseudo turbulence.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
138Page
ID 8.17
Integral kinetic energy budgets in a particle-laden channel flow
Qingqing Pan, Lihao Zhao, Stein T. Johansen
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: qingqing.pan@ntnu.no
In the present work, the integral kinetic energy budgets in a turbulent particle-laden channel flow
are investigated by direct numerical simulation (DNS). The two-way coupled Eulerian-Lagrangian
approach method is implemented. In order to study the turbulence modulations by particles, the
kinetic energy budgets are compared with clean channel flow. It was found that, in the unladen case,
roughly 56% of the energy input was drained directly by dissipation in the mean flow, whereas 37%
was converted to heat by turbulent dissipation. By contrast, in the laden case, the mean dissipation
accounted for 57% of the budget, which is comparable with the clean one. However the turbulent
dissipation reduced to 19%. It was concluded that the particle work on the fluid is the other sink
term, which is responsible for the imbalance of the total kinetic energy budget.
Keywords: integral kinetic energy, mean dissipation, particle-laden channel flow, particle
dissipation, turbulent dissipation.
ID 8.18
Drag reduction in turbulent flows over superhydrophobic surfaces with
micro-nano textures
Jingxian Zhang, Zhaohui Yao
*
, Si Lu, Pengfei Hao, Chengsong Fu
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: yaozh@tsinghua.edu.cn
The superhydrophobic surfaces will have a very wide range of potential applications in the modern
life and industrial production for their excellent properties. In the paper, a kind of superhydrophobic
surface was fabricated by sticking micro-nano particles onto an aluminum or PMMA substrate. The
micro-nano particles were obtained by carbon nanotubes winding technology and hydrophobic
processing. The pressure drop measurements were carried out in the channel with two-sided
superhydrophobic surfaces. Compared with the common surface channel, the flow resistance
decreases approaching 22.8% at most in the laminar flow. In the turbulent flow, the drag reduction
can reach to 53.3%. The velocity field in the channel with such superhydrophobic surfaces was
measured by Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) technology. Through the slip velocities over the
superhydrophobic surface and the turbulent fluctuations information field, the physical mechanism
of the turbulent friction reduction effect more apparent than laminar can be obtained.
Keywords: Superhydrophobic surface, micro-nano dual-scale structures, turbulent flow, drag
reduction, slip velocity
Abstracts
139Page
ID 8.19
Flow pattern around two circular cylinders in open channel: PIV measurement
compared with CFD simulation
Van Thang Nguyen*, Dinh Tri Bui and Tien Vinh Ha
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: nguyenvthang@imech.ac.vn
Fluid flow past two side-by-side and tandem circular cylinders with various ratios of the
center-to-center gap spacing between cylinders S and the diameter of cylinder D in the range 1.05 <
S/D < 4.0 is conducted by experiment using PIV (Particle Image Velocity). Experimental results are
compared with numerical simulation ones using ANSYS CFD for Re = 20 and Re = 200.
Characteristics of steady and unsteady flows around two circular cylinders are estimated. By
varying S/D, flow characteristics behind two circular cylinders (small S/D) or behind each circular
cylinder (large S/D) are changed.
Keywords: PIV, CFD, ANSYS Fluent, flow pattern, two circular cylinders.
ID 8.20
Experiments on Turbulent Round Jet using PIV
Sunil Bharadwaj, Bhuvaneswar Gera, Pavan K Sharma and Meheboob Alam

*
e-mail address of presenting authors: sunilvb@jncasr.ac.in
The mean-flow characteristics and large-scale vortical structures of a turbulent round jet is analyzed
using planar and volumetric particle image velocimetry (PIV). The method of snapshots is used to
construct the POD (proper orthogonal decomposition) basis that helped to identify
energy-containing large-scale structures of the jet. Two different vorticity detection criteria have
been used to correlate the underlying vortical structures with POD-modes. Preliminary data on
three-dimensional particle tracks are also discussed.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
140Page
ID 8.21
Latest developments in fluid dynamics instrumentation
Hoang Duc Bang and Martin Thalbitzer Andersen (Dantec Dynamics A/S)
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: mta@dantecdynamics.com
Dantec Dynamics portfolio and recent developments of instruments for fluid dynamics applications.
ID 8.22

Continuous Innovation of Laser Imaging Systems
Carsten Meier (LaVision GmbH)
Not only the well-established flow field analysis technique of PIV benefits from advancing
technology in hardware components and the implementation of new software algorithms but also
other laser-based imaging diagnostics do. Several of the algorithms introduced by LaVision in the
past have become a de-facto scientific and industry standard and encourage continuing this path to
drive innovation further. Having extended laser imaging from a planar to a volumetric method by
tomographic PIV gives new possibilities for digital imaging of physical properties in complete
volumes. An overview of the possibilities for 3D measurements is given.
Abstracts
141Page
Topic: Flow Induced Noise and Vibration
ID 9.01
Stall Flutter of Turbo-Machinery Blades
S. K. Jha, S. S. Bhat and R. N. Govardhan*
*e-mail address of presenting author: raghu@mecheng.iisc.ernet.in
Flow past an oscillating turbo-machinery blade at high mean angles of attack is experimentally
investigated at low Reynolds numbers (Re ~3 x 104). A regime is observed based on reduced
frequency, k, where the mean energy transfer per cycle is from the flow to the blade, indicating that
self-induced blade oscillations are possible even at these low Re. We calculate the energy transfer
from the flow to the blade using the measured unsteady moments to characterize this regime. The
effect of oscillation parameters such as mean angle of attack and amplitude of oscillation on this
regime is also studied.
ID 9.02
Wavelet coherent structure of turbulence and pressure on rectangular cylinders
Le Thai Hoa
*e-mail address of presenting authors: thle@vnu.edu.vn
Paper presents new approach of using a wavelet transform-based coherence for investigating
coherence structure of surface pressure fields on some fundamental rectangular cylinders with more
focus on an analysis of time-frequency resolution and an effect of time-frequency resolution on the
pressure coherence. Wavelet coherence advantages to investigate the coherence structure and high
coherence events in the simultaneous time-frequency plane. Especially, intermittent distribution and
localized high coherence events in the time domain has been investigated and considered as a
specific characteristic of the pressure coherence. Modified complex Morlet wavelet function has
been used in computing the wavelet coherence for better flexibility and adjustment on the analysis
of time-frequency resolution. Time-frequency resolution has significantly influenced the wavelet
coherence, furthermore, the central frequency parameter of the wavelet function plays more
important role on the time-frequency resolution. Physical measurements of the surface pressures
have been carried out by wind tunnel tests on rectangular cylinders with slenderness ratios of
B/D=1 and B/D=5 in turbulence flows.
Keywords: Pressure fields; Wavelet transform; Morlet wavelet; Wavelet coherence; Coherent
structure.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
142Page

ID 9.03
Turbulent Structure Behind Rectangular Plate with Flow Induced Vibration
Siti Saerah binti Shuaibon*, Hitoshi Ishikawa and Seiji Ichikawa
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: j4512631@ed.tus.ac.jp
An experimental investigation of the turbulent structure of a swaying and vibrating rectangular
plate was conducted by using two-dimensional Particle Image Velocimetry (PIV) measurement.
The rectangular plate was swayed to the downstream direction, producing flow induced vibration
after reaching the maximum sway angle. To investigate the effect of inline vibration on the
turbulent structure in the wake, a pliant rectangular plate with flow induced vibration and a curved
plate with no flow induced vibration were used. By using the distributions of three component
velocities, vorticity and flow pattern, and three-dimensional flow structures were evaluated. In
order to obtain more descriptive turbulent structure in the wake behind the plate, turbulent energy
dissipation and production were calculated using the velocity components obtained from PIV
measurement. The difference and characteristic of turbulence in the wake structure of pliant plate
and curved plate is described in details in this paper.
Keywords: Rectangular plate, Flow induced vibration, PIV, Flow structure, Turbulent structure,
Dissipation
Abstracts
143Page
Topic: Flow Visualization
ID 10.01
Drag Characteristic and Wake Structure of Accelerated Circular Disk
S. Ichikawa* and H. Ishikawa
*e-mail address of presenting authors: s_ichikawa@rs.tus.ac.jp
The purpose of this study is to understand the relation between the drag characteristic and wake
structure of accelerate motion of circular disk from the stop condition. The wake flow of circular
disk was visualized by fluorescent dye technique, and tracer method. The drag was also measured
by using load-cell. As the result, the development process of a vortex ring was shown during
accelerated motion, and the relation between changing drag and acceleration of circular disk. A
circulation of vortex ring was compared with acceleration of circular disk from the experimental
result.
Keywords: Drag Characteristic, Wake Structure, Vortex Ring, Accelerate Motion, Circular Disk,
Fluorescent Dye Technique.
ID 10.02
Application of Pressure Sensitive Paint Measurement to Transonic Cascade
Xiaoguang Ma, Ming Zhao, Xue Zhang, Jinkui Shang and Hongjie Zhong*
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: hj.zhong@139.com
Steady pressure measurement of transonic plane cascade with pressure sensitive paint (PSP) was
conducted and compared with pressure tap measurement. The flow structures such as plane shock
on the blade can be visualized by the surface pressure distribution. The Comparisons between the
PSP and pressure taps measurements have been made at various Mach numbers and entry angles.
The typical error is less than 1000 Pa. The results indicate the possibility of using PSP as a routine
technique in high speed cascade wind tunnel.
Keywords: turbine, cascade, PSP measurement.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
144Page
ID 10.03
Application of PSP Technique for Determining Aerodynamic Loads on Delta
Wing Model
Xiang Xingju, LANG Weidong, XIONG Hongliang
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: 15901287499@126.com
Experiment of pressure sensitive paint (PSP) on delta wing in supersonic wind tunnel was
introduced. The aerodynamic load obtained based on PSP measurement on delta wing model
compared with balance measurement result was presented. The difference between the two methods
was less than 4%. Physical principle of PSP, image processing method and experiment setup were
described in detail. A comparison between the PSP result and the numerical simulation result was
presented.
Keywords: Pressure Sensitive Paint; balance; delta wing; aerodynamic load; image data processing.
Abstracts
145Page
Topic: Fluid Machinery and Industrial Fluid Mechanics
ID 11.01
Determination of Optimal Operational Parameters of Biogas Engines Converted
from Diesel Engines by Modeling and Experimental Studies
Bui Van Ga
*
, Tran Van Nam, Truong Le Bich Tram, Le Minh Tien, Le Xuan Thach

*
e-mail address of presenting authors: gatec@dongcobiogas.com
The paper presents some results of simulation and experiment studies of effects of compression
ratio and advanced ignition angle to performance of biogas engine. The results show that at small
advanced ignition angle, indicating work of engine increases with compression ratio. With
appropriate advanced ignition angle, indicating work reaches it maximum value at optimal
compression ratio which is in range from 11.5 to 12.5 at engine speed of 2200 rpm. At normal
speed, the optimum advanced ignition angle of biogas engine converted from diesel ZH1115 engine
is 40. Optimum ignition angle decreases with decreasing engine speed or/and with increasing of
CH
4
concentration of biogas.
Keywords: spark ignition engine, biogas engine, renewable energy, combustion simulation.
ID 11.02
Numerical Simulations of Flow over a Film Cooled Semi-Circular Leading Edge
Harish Babu and S. Sarkar
*


*
e-mail address of presenting author: subra@iitk.ac.in
The unsteady flow physics due to the interaction between a separated shear layer and film cooling
jet are studied using Large Eddy Simulation (LES). A flat plate with rounded leading edge induced
flow separation, while film cooling jets were injected normal to the cross flow a short distance
downstream of the blend point. This setup is a simplified representation of film cooling near the
leading edge of a gas turbine blade. The various vortical structures viz, horseshoe vortex, roller
vortex, upright wake vortex, counter rotating vortex pair (CRVP) and DSSN (Downward Spiral
Separation Node) vortex associated with film cooling are resolved. The results of numerical
simulation further elucidate three-dimensional flow structures, their convection and breakdown
associated with the highly anisotropic flow due to discrete film cooling.
Keywords: LES, flow separation, film cooling, IB method
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
146Page

ID 11.03
Computational Studies of Turbulent Flow in a Rotating Curved Square Channel
Nitheesh George
*
and Govardhan M

*
e-mail address of presenting authors: nitheeshaesi@gmail.com
Computational study is carried out in a curved square channel rotating about the axial direction.
Centrifugal and Coriolis forces which are developed due to the rotation affect the secondary flows
and flow pattern inside the channel. Two Reynolds numbers, namely Re=15000 and Re=30000 with
Rotation numbers between 0.0 and 0.32 are chosen for investigation. The variation of velocity and
turbulence intensity is studied at several angular locations of the curved channel. Results show that
on increasing the rotation, the velocity peaks shifted towards the convex side. The intensity of
turbulence was found to be more at higher Reynolds numbers. However, the rotation number have
significant role on the turbulence intensity. In the curved region, the centrifugal force and the
Coriolis force have a noticeable effect on the flow.
Keywords: Rotating channel, Rotation number, Coriolis force, Centrifugal forces, Turbulence
intensity, Reynolds number
ID 11.04
Using SysML-Modelica Transformation to Implement the Ship Motions
Controller
Nguyen Hoai Nam
*
, Ngo Van Hien
*
and Vu Duy Quang

*
e-mail address of presenting authors: hien.ngovan@hust.edu.vn, nhnam@uneti.edu.vn
This paper shows out an object-oriented model, which is based on the System Modeling Language
(SysML) - Modelica transformation with hybrid automata to quickly analyze and implement the
ship motions controller. This model also permits us to easily identify design control elements, and
to optimize the control performance of system. The paper firstly brings out the overview of SysML
and Modelica specifications and the ship dynamic models. The analysis and implementation model
of the developed ship motions controller is then carried out by specifying SysML-Modelica
transformation. Transformation rules are indicated that permits the defined SysML analysis
elements to be converted into Modelica models in order to quickly implement and effectively
simulate the control performance of this control system. Finally, this model is applied to
retro-design and simulates the performance control of a course-tracking controller for a ship model.
Keywords: Marine Vehicle Control, Ship Motion Control, SysML-Modelica Integration.
Abstracts
147Page
ID 11.05
Development of Small-sized Aerodynamic Brake for High-speed Railway
Hajime Takami*
*e-mail address of presenting authors: takami@rtri.or.jp
In order to ensure a high deceleration for more than 300 km/h train running, additional brake
system guaranteeing a stable braking force without use of a friction between rail and wheel is
required. In this study, we have developed an aerodynamic brake system using small-sized air drag
panels. Based on the fluid dynamics calculation and the wind tunnel experiment, the suitable shape
of air drag panels and their appropriate arrangement have been made clear, and an opening and
closing mechanism of the panel have been developed. In addition, a full-scale prototype
aerodynamic brake device was designed and manufactured. Its aerodynamic characteristics were
examined in a large wind tunnel experiment with high Reynolds number. It was proven that the
target braking force can be obtained by the appropriate arrangement of the small-sized aerodynamic
brakes placed into a thick turbulent boundary layer around the train running.
Keywords: Flow Drag, Boundary Layer, Fluid Force, Railway, Air Brake
ID 11.06
Reducing the Mass of the Refrigerant in the Capillary Tube of a Propane
Air-Conditioner
Jeri Tangalajuk Siang, Ahmad Sharifian
*


*
e-mail address of presenting authors: AhmadSeyed.Sharifian_Barforoush@usq.edu.au
Hydrocarbon refrigerants are environmentally friendly and many countries have started using them
in refrigeration and air-conditioner systems. Use of propane as a refrigerant is gaining favor,
especially in systems designed for R-22. The main drawback of using propane as a refrigerant is its
flammability. To reduce the risk posed by propane, the total mass of propane in the system should
be minimized without degrading the system performance. This work deals with how the mass of
propane within a capillary tube can be reduced without compromising the system performance. A
parametric code was developed to determine the required length and volume of capillary tubes, and
the velocity and mass of the propane within the tubes. The script was run for sixteen common types
of capillary tubes, including the one in our laboratory. According to the results, it is possible to
considerably reduce the propane mass within the capillary tube using a small inside diameter helical
capillary tube with a decreased coil diameter. However, the results should not be extended to an
air-conditioner in which the distance between the outlet of the condenser and the inlet of evaporator
is fixed and longer than the calculated length.
Keywords: split air-conditioner, propane, massreduction, capillary tube.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
148Page
Topic: Geophysical Fluid Mechanics
ID 12.01
Data Assimilation for the River Flood Routing Modeling
Dang The Ba
*
and Pham Thi Minh Hanh
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: badt@vnu.edu.vn
Muskingum model has been widely used for modeling the river flood routing. However, there are
some difficulties in forecasting operation for a system because of determining models parameters,
lack and inaccuracy of input data. In this paper, Muskingum model was developed for the flood
routing in a river system; To determine the models parameters, Variational Data Assimilation
method was applied; To overcome the lack and inaccuracy input data, the outflow of each reach
were updated and corrected by Kaman Filter with the help of observed elevation data in
downstream. Model was tested for some cases study and shown the good results. This paper
presented the Red river case study, the results demonstrated that the flood routing forecasted from
the model in 24, 48 and 72 hours were agreeable to what happened at Sontay and Hanoi stations.
Keywords: Variational Data Assimilation, Muskingum model, Kalman filter.
ID 12.02
Calibration of relative permeability curves and permeability anisotropy of
oil-gas reservoir hydrodynamic model from production data
Nguyen The Duc
*
, Phan Ngoc Trung, Le Ngoc Son
*e
-mail address of presenting authors: ducnt@vpi.pvn.vn
Calibration of reservoir model parameters for agreement of simulation with measurement is very
important with parameters having high uncertainty. It is common knowledge that the relative
permeability curves and permeability anisotropy are very difficult to be exactly determined with
fractured basement reservoirs of Vietnam. A methodology to calibrate relative permeability curves
and permeability anisotropy has been developed in our study. The developed methodology and
accompanied computer tools are validated by applying to history matching a fractured basement
reservoir hydrodynamic model of Bach Ho field.
Keywords: Reservoir hydrodynamic model, History matching, Relative permeability curve,
Permeability anisotropy.
Abstracts
149Page
ID 12.03
Numerical modeling and validation of tide and the tidal-induced residual
current in the Gulf of Tonkin
Nguyen Nguyet Minh
*
, Marchesiello Patrick, Ouillon Sylvain, Dinh Van Uu, LyardFlorent,
CambonGildas
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: minh.nguyen.hus@gmail.com
The Regional Oceanographic Modeling System (ROMS, AGRIF version developed at IRD France)
is used to compute the tides in the Gulf of Tonkin. The results (amplitude, phase of each
component) are validated using tidal gauge measurements and analysis of coastal satellite altimetry
provided by CTOH service at LEGOS (France). The tidal residual flow in both Eulerian and
Lagrangian frameworks are evaluated.
Keywords: Tides; Gulf of Tonkin; residuals
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
150Page
Topic: Heat and Mass Transfer
ID 13.01
Performance Evaluation of Concentrated Ventilation in a Tunnel Fire
Futoshi Tanaka
*
, Shohei Majima, Masahiro Kato and Nobuyoshi Kawabata
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: f-tanaka@u-fukui.ac.jp
We examined the exhaust performance of a concentrated ventilation strategy for maintaining a safe
evacuation environment for tunnel users in a tunnel fire. The strategy is a simplified version of the
transverse ventilation strategy. In this study, a fire experiment was performed by using a model
tunnel scaled to 1/5 the size of a full-scale tunnel based on Froude's law of similarity. The heat
release rate of the fire and the ventilation flow rate of the concentrated ventilation system were
selected as parameters. The results showed that the smoke density distribution up to a height of 0.7
m hardly changed as the smoke extraction rate of the concentrated ventilation system increased.
The increase of the dimensionless smoke extraction rate from the vent tended to make the height of
smoke ranging from the fire to the vent fall slightly for the same dimensionless heat release rate.
We consider that this was because a large smoke extraction rate made smoke diffuse more inside
the tunnel. Thus, an optimum smoke extraction rate may exist for each fire situation.
Keywords: concentrated ventilation, tunnel fire, fire experiment, longitudinal ventilation
ID 13.02
Study of Mixed Convection in a Ventilated Square Enclosure with a Heated
Hollow Cylinder
M. A. H. Mamun
*
, M. J. Alam Khan
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: mahmamun1@gmail.com
The present work is focused on the study of mixed convection heat transfer characteristics within a
ventilated square enclosure having a centered heated hollow cylinder. The inlet is at the bottom of
the left wall and exit is at the top of the right wall of the enclosure. The wall of the enclosure was
considered to be adiabatic. Fluid was forced through the inlet and the isotherms and streamlines
inside the enclosure were studied for mixed convection characteristics. The present study simulates
a practical system like an air- cooled electronic equipment with a heat generating component or an
oven with heater. The present study was aimed to understand the influences of the Reynolds
number and the Prandtl numbers inside the cavity. The consequent mathematical model is governed
by the coupled equations of mass, momentum and energy and solved by employing Galerkin
weighted residual method of finite element formulation. Various results such as the streamlines,
isotherms, heat transfer rates in terms of the average Nusselt number and average fluid temperature
in the enclosure are presented for different Reynolds number, Prandtl number etc. It is experiential
that the Reynolds and Prandtl numbers has significant effect on both the flow and thermal fields.
Keywords: Ventilated cavity, Galerkin weighted residual method, hollow cylinder, mixed
convection.
Abstracts
151Page

ID 13.03
Analytical Study for Natural Convection in a Circular Cavity with Linear
Volumetric Heat Generation
K. Mansour
*

*
e-mail address of presenting authors: mansour@aut.ac.ir
We consider the two-dimensional problem of steady natural convection in a circular cavity with
linear volumetric heat generation filled with viscous fluid subject to constant temperature variation
on the boundary. The solution is expanded for low Rayleigh number and extended to 16 terms by
computer. Analysis of these expansions allows the exact computation for arbitrarily accuracy up to
50000 figures. Although the range of the radius of convergence is small but pade approximation
leads our result to be good even for higher value of the similarity parameter.
Keywords: Natural Convection, Symbolic Calculation, Nonlinear Equation.
ID 13.04
Unsteady natural convection in a nanofluid-filled square cavity with a heat
source at the bottom using characteristic-based split scheme
Minh Tuan Nguyen, Abdelraheem M. Aly and Sang-Wook Lee
*

*
e-mail address of presenting authors: leesw@ulsan.ac.kr
In this study, characteristic-based split scheme (CBS) in FEM method is introduced to study the
unsteady natural convection within a heat source at the bottom of a nanofluid-filled a square cavity.
In the current CBS scheme, the pressure is evaluated implicitly by solving the pressure Poisson
equation. The heat transfer and fluid flow due to buoyancy forces in a heat source at the bottom of a
square cavity using nanofluid is carried out using different types of nanoparticles. Calculations are
performed for different values of Rayleigh number (
7 3
10 10 Ra
), solid volume fraction of
nanoparticle, length and location of the heat source. The results are introduced in tabular and
graphical forms for the streamlines, isotherms, velocity and pressure profiles. The thermo physical
properties of the nanofluid proved to significantly affect on the percentages of the maximum
temperature and pressure distribution. The present results are validated by favorable comparisons
with the previously published results.
Keywords: Natural convection; Nanofluid; Characteristic-based split scheme; Heat source; Square
cavity.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
152Page
ID 13.05
Studies on Thermocapillary Migration of Droplet
Zuo-Bing Wu
*e-mail address of presenting author: wuzb@lnm.imech.ac.cn
Thermocapillary migration of a planar droplet in a uniform temperature gradient at large Marangoni
numbers is studied numerically by using the front tracking method. It is investigated that the
thermocapillary motion of the planar droplet in the uniform temperature gradient is unsteady. For a
fixed migration distance, the instantaneous thermocapillary droplet migration speed decreases as
Marangoni number increases in the range of large Marangoni numbers. The result of above
numerical simulation is qualitatively agreement with to those of experimental investigations. By
using the asymptotic expansion method, a nonconservative integral thermal flux across the surface
is identified in the steady thermocapillary droplet migration at large Marangoni numbers. This
nonconservative flux may well result from the invalid assumption of quasi-steady state, which
indicates that the thermocapillary droplet migration at large Marangoni numbers cannot reach
steady state and is thus a unsteady process.
Keywords: Droplet; Surface tension; Thermocapillary migration; Marangoni numbers; Microgravity
ID 13.06
Temperature/Heat flux Measurements Using Embedded thermocouples
Zhao xuejun
*
, Guo xiaoguo, Ma yuanhong, Shen qing
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: zhaoyanziqi@yahoo.com
This paper proposed a temperature/heat flux measurements methodology. In the wind tunnel testing,
we used the embedded thermocouples to measure temperature at the positioned points in the flat
plate. Then by inverse heat conduction problem analysis, we obtained surface temperature and heat
flux of one dimension half space plate in time domain point of view. This approach does not require
the specification of the imposed surface boundary condition. By the testing results, we gave heat
flux distribution on the flat plate with and without trips. And by comparing the testing results, we
showed transition effects on the heat flux.
Keywords: Heat flux, embedded thermocouples, time domain, flat plate, wind tunnel test
Abstracts
153Page
ID 13.07
Moisture diffusion in composite sandwich plate: Modeling and experiment
Tran Van Luan
*
, Tran Thanh Hai Tung
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: tvluan@ud.edu.vn

One of the ways to optimize the spending energy in the naval structures is to decrease their weight.
Thus, sandwich plates, consisting of a core covered by face sheets, are frequently used instead of
solid plates because of their high bending stiffness-to-weight ratio. The mechanical properties of
these materials can be significantly reduced by presence of moisture inside them when they are
exposed to a wet environment during long time service. In order to study the effects of moisture
absorption on mechanical properties of these materials, moisture absorption characteristic was
investigated for specimens of balsa core and sandwich structure composed of E-glass/polyester face
sheets bonded to a balsa core. These specimens were immersed in distilled water at 40C, and the
weight gain was measured. The diffusive behavior experimentally observed to identify the
parameters controlling the diffusion process such as the diffusion coefficients and the water content
at saturation. A new analytical solution for the effective diffusivities was proposed by solving the
homogeneous problem. A hygroscopic finite element model has been built and was used to simulate
the moisture diffusion in composite sandwich plate. As expected, the theory and experiments are
agreed well. The obtained results allow predict a multi-layer internal appearance stresses to
comprehend the geometrical stability of the sandwich.
Keywords: Moisture diffusion, Water content, Composite sandwich
ID 13.08
Flow Control of a Plane Jet by a Nozzles Lip
Yuya OTOMINE
*
, Yusuke SHOKI, Hiroaki MIHARA, Jiro FUNAKI and Katsuya HIRATA
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: khitara@mail.doshisha.ac.jp
The authors research the jet from an asymmetrical two-dimensional nozzle, especially concerning
the effect of the lip length of the nozzle. Experiments are conducted at a Reynolds number of 6000.
The aspect ratio of the nozzle exit is fixed to 300. And, the lip length is 0, 2.0h, 3.3h, 4.0h, 5.0h,
6.0h, 7.3h, 8.0h and 10h, where h denotes the height of the nozzle exit. The authors show
mean-velocity and turbulence-intensity profiles at various downstream sections, in order to reveal
fundamental characteristics of the jet. Furthermore, in the near downstream, the authors visualize
the flow, and perform the dominant-frequency measurements to reveal flow-instability
characteristics.
Keywords: Jet, Turbulent Mixing, Two-Dimensional Flow, Nozzle, Air Conditioning, Air Curtain.

The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
154Page

ID 13.09
Studies on Heat Transfer and Friction Factor Characteristics of Turbulent Flow
through a Round Tube with Perforated Helical Twisted-Tape Inserts
K. Yongsiri
*
, K. Nanan, P. Promvonge and S. Eiamsa-ard
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: kittisak@mut.ac.th
The enhancements of heat transfer characteristic in a uniform heat flux round tube with perforated
helical twisted-tape inserts are studied. In this paper, the perforated helical twisted-tape, assumed as
a turbulator are placed along the test tube which air as working fluid is passed. Three different
diameter ratios of perforated helical twisted-tape are introduced with d/w = 0.2, 0.4 and 0.6 in each
run. From the experimental results it is found that perforated helical twisted-tapes can help to
considerably increase the heat transfer rate over the plain tube. The use of the perforated helical
twisted-tape leads to maximum heat transfer rate up to 101%.
Keywords: Heat transfer enhancement, Friction, Turbulence flow, Turbulator
ID 13.10
Investigation of Heat Transfer and Friction Behaviors in a Tube Fitted with
Double Helically Twisted-Tapes Turbulators
S. Eiamsa-ard
*
, V. Kongkaitpaiboon, K. Nanan and P. Promvonge
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: smith@mut.ac.th
The influences of double helically twisted-tapes inserts on heat transfer enhancement and pressure
drop behaviors in a uniform wall heat flux tube are reported. Three different tape width ratios (w/D
= 0.1, 0.15 and 0.2) of double helically twisted-tapes in the test tube are introduced. From the
experimental results it can be observed that using double helically twisted-tapes with the largest
tape width ratio, w/D = 0.2, can help to increase considerably the heat transfer rate at about 117.4%
over the plain tube.
Keywords: Heat transfer, Turbulator, Double helically twisted-tapes, Heat exchanger
Abstracts
155Page
ID 13.11
Numerical Simulation of Laminar Periodic Flow and Heat Transfer in Tube with
45 Inclined U-Baffles
S. Sripattanapipat
*
, S. Eiamsa-ard, K. Yongsiri and P. Promvonge
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: somchai@mut.ac.th
The paper presents a numerical investigation on laminar periodic flow and heat transfer
characteristics in a three-dimensional isothermal-wall tube fitted repeatedly with 45 inclined
U-baffles. The computations are based on the finite volume method, and the SIMPLE algorithm has
been implemented. The fluid flow and heat transfer characteristics are presented for Reynolds
numbers ranging from 200 to 2000. To generate vortex flows through the tube, U-shaped baffles
with an attack angle of 45 are mounted periodically in the tube. Effects of different flow blockage
areas with a single pitch length on heat transfer and friction loss are investigated. It is apparent that
the main vortex flows created by the 45 U-baffle exist and help to induce impinging flows on the
wall of the baffle cavity leading to drastic increase in heat transfer rate over the tube. In addition,
the rise in the baffle height results in the increase in the Nusselt number and friction factor values.
Keywords: Laminar flow, Baffle, Heat transfer, Periodic flow
ID 13.12
Numerical Study of Laminar Flow and Heat Transfer in Square Duct with 45
o

V-Ribs
V. Kongkaitpaiboon, S. Eiamsa-ard
*
, K. Yongsiri and P. Promvonge
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: smith@mut.ac.th
The article deals with a three-dimensional numerical simulation to investigate a periodic laminar
flow and heat transfer characteristics in an isothermal-walled square duct fitted repeatedly with 45
V-ribs. The computations based on a finite volume method with the SIMPLE algorithm for
handling the pressure-velocity coupling in the governing equations, have been conducted for the air
flow in terms of Reynolds numbers ranging from 200 to 2000. The V-ribs with attack angle of 45
mounted periodically on the upper and lower walls are used to generate streamwise-vortex flows
through the tested duct. Effects of five different rib height ratios (BR) at one axial pitch length ratio
(PR) on heat transfer and flow behaviors in the square duct are examined. The computation
revealed that the vortex flows created by the ribs exist and induce impingement/attachment flows
on both sidewalls leading to substantial increase in heat transfer rate over the test duct. The
increment in the BR results in the considerable increase of Nusselt number and friction factor
values.
Keywords: Laminar flow, Rib/Baffle, Heat transfer, Periodic flow
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
156Page
Topic: Hydrodynamics and Hydraulics
ID 14.01
3D Simulation of Flows around Hydraulic Structures
Tran Ngoc Anh, Shinichiro Onda, Nguyen Duc Hanh
*
and Nguyen Thanh Son
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: hanhnd.vnu@gmail.com
Hydraulic structures have become popular tools for river training and bank protection. In many
cases, groins or spur-dykes have had impressive effects on controlling sediment deposition for bank
protection, or increasing water depth for navigation channels. Spur-dyke designs have generally
been based on 2D calculations of flow structure and sediment transport. In some rivers where flood
surge could make a significant difference in water level resulting in an over-topping phenomenon,
these 3D aspects of flow structure may also cause additional harmful effects such as local scouring
at the abutment, or river bank collapse. In these cases the 3D simulation of flow structure is needed
to provide fundamental information for sediment transport and in order to examine solutions for
these problems.
This study deals with an application of a 3D hydraulic model based on RANS equations with
turbulent closure using a non-linear k- model, to simulate the flow structure around hydraulic
structures. Basic flow equations with contravariant velocity in a generalized curvilinear coordinate
system are solved and a moving coordinate technique for vertical direction is used to calculate
water surface variation. The simulation results were then compared with previous experimental
results in the laboratory to show that this model is reasonably capable of reproducing results
obtained in the field.
Keywords: 3D flow simulation, hydraulic modeling, submerged spur-dykes/groins
ID 14.02
Study on Cloud Cavity around Axisymmetric Projectile by Large Eddy
Simulation
Xianxian YU, Yiwei WANG
*
, Letian YANG, Chenguang HUANG, Tezhuan DU, Lijuan
LIAO, Xiaocui WU1
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: wangyw@imech.ac.cn
Cavitation generally occurs where the pressure is lower than the saturated vapor pressure. Based on
Large Eddy Simulation (LES) methodology, an approach is developed to simulate dynamic
behaviors of cavitation, using transport equation for sub-grid terms combined with volume of fluid
(VOF) description of cavitation and the Kunz model for mass transfer. The computation model is
applied in a 3-D field with an axisymmetric projectile at cavitation number =0.65. Evolution of
cavitation in simulation is consistent with the experiment. Clear understanding about cavitation can
be got from the simulation in which much details and mechanism are present. The phenomenon of
boundary separation and re-entry jet are observed. Re-entry jet plays an important role in the bubble
shedding.
Keywords: cloud cavity, Large Eddy Simulation, re-entrant jet, shedding bubble
Abstracts
157Page

ID 14.03
Modeling of Flow in the Mekong Delta
G. Lesong
*
and T.M.H. Tran
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: lsgiang@hcmut.edu.vn
Flow in Mekong delta is quite complex. In rivers and channels, the flow is one-dimensional while
on the plain (when flooded) flow is two-dimensional. These flows link each to other mainly at river
banks. For calculation of flow in this delta, a numerical model was developed. In the model, the
flow in channels was solved from Saint Venant equations while the flow on the land was solved
from shallow water equations. Finite-volume method was used. Influenced factors such as sluices,
dikes and roads ware also modeled. The model was tested with the field data of 2011.
Keywords: Mekong delta, integrated 1D 2D model.
ID 14.04
Applying energy balance conditions for estimating local scour depths
at bridge piers
Dang Viet Dung, Nguyen Xuan Truc, Nguyen The Hung
*
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: hungnt@ud.edu.vn, profhungthenguyen@gmail.com
The failures of bridge due to local scour at piers have been studied for quite long time. However,
most of scour-estimation-formulas are empirical (i.e. based on measurement data or experimental
data with certain conditions). The calculated results are, therefore, varied significantly amongst
distinct formulas, or different from measured values.
Based on recent studies of local scour of bridge piers, the analysis of hydraulic mechanism of flow
when confronting bridge piers, with a supposition that the bridge piers are circular column located
far enough away each other, i.e. the impositions of one on the others are negligible; the riverbed
texture at bridge piers is sand; the flow is potential and one dimension. This paper proposes a new
theoretical approach for establishment the scour equation by applying balance of energy of
downflow along column of bridge piers and the one that moves material particulates out of scour
holes.
Keywords: Energy balance, local scour, bridge piers, theoretical formula, depth of local scour at
bridge piers.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
158Page
ID 14.05
The third invariant form of hydraulic equation and application to definition of
water hammer characteristic in pipe
Nguyen An Nien
*
, Nguyen Binh Duong
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: annien.hcm@gmail.com
The third invariant form of hydrodynamic equations is one for the dimensions of spaces. For this
goal the hyper quantities (space and physics) are introduced. Then these are created we can
particularly apply to water hammer problem and receive immediately celerity and pression of the
event.
Keywords: Hydrodynamic Equations, Invariant form, Water
ID 14.06
Numerical analysis of the risk of anomalous water level in Harbor
Nguyen Ba Thuy
*
, Vu Hai Dang, Do Dinh Chien, Nguyen Thanh Trang, Nguyen Manh Dung
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: thuybanguyen@gmail.com
A numerical model based on the two-dimensional nonlinear long wave equations was applied to
study the anomalous water level oscillation in the semi-enclosed seas, harbors. Test calculations
with the different conditions of the period and the direction of wave propagation have been applied
at Tuy Hoa harbor, where many times observed the phenomenon of anomalous high water level.
Calculation results and analysis show that amplification factor of water level oscillation in harbor
depends strongly on both the period and the direction of long wave propagation from offshore. In
range of wave periods in these calculations, there are always two peaks in variation of the
amplification factors. At some points in harbor, water level can be 16 times higher than the water
level at harbor mouth.
Keywords: anomalous water level, Tuy Hoa
Abstracts
159Page
ID 14.07
A semi-relative reference frame method for maneuvering simulation in
hydrodynamics
Wu Xiaocui, Huang Chenguang, Yang Letian, Hu zhiqiang, Wang Yiwei
*
, Liao Lijuan
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: wangyw@imech.ac.cn
A semi-relative reference frame method is proposed in this paper which combines the rotating
reference frame and added momentum source method. The computational domain is separated into
two parts, one part is adopted the rotating reference frame and the other part is set an inertial frame.
With the coordinate transformation of the rotation center from the rotating arm tank to the
underwater vehicle, just one mesh is needed with different angle, drift and rotating arm tank radius.
SUBOFF with sterns is computed with the new method. It shows that the stability derivative of
yawing moment and yawing force meet well with the experiment results. The error got from the
present method is 0.62% and 10.2%, respectively.
Keywords: maneuvering characteristics, rotating arm test, a semi-relative reference frame method,
numerical simulation
ID 14.08
Investigation of sediment transport under asymmetric waves by LES
J. F. Zhou
*
, J.L. Liu, S.H. Yang
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: zhoujf@imech.ac.cn
Nonlinearity often makes asymmetric waves which deviate from the sine or cosine ones. It is of
great significance for coastal engineering to manifest the impact of asymmetric waves on sediment
transport. In the present paper, the boundary layer of asymmetric waves is simulated by means of a
non-harmonically oscillating plate in quiescent water. Large eddy simulation approach is adopted to
capture the instantaneous bed shear stress, which is then applied to quantify sediment transport rate.
The approach is verified by comparing typical experimental data and simulation results of sediment
transport rate. Based on this approach, we studied how sediment transport rate is influenced by free
stream velocity process, and obtained the relationship between sediment transport rate and velocity
skewness.
Keywords: nonlinear waves, large eddy simulation (LES), sediment transport rate.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
160Page

ID 14.09
Nonlinear Stability and Shearbanding in Sheared Granular Fluid
Meheboob Alam and Priyanka Shukla
*

*
e-mail address of presenting authors: meheboob@jncasr.ac.in
In many complex fluids of particulate suspensions or polymers, it is difficult to maintain
homogeneous shearing: the flow breaks into alternate regions of low and high shear rates along the
gradient direction when the applied shear rate exceeds a critical value and this is known as
gradient banding. On the other hand, if the applied shear stress exceeds a critical value, the
homogeneous flow separates into bands of different shear stresses along the vorticity direction and
the resulting pattern is dubbed vorticity banding. Here we provide a brief overview of our recent
work on nonlinear order-parameter theory to describe various pattern formation scenarios in a
sheared granular fluid, with a specific focus on the vorticity banding phenomena. The analysis
holds for any general constitutive model, but the results are presented for a kinetic-theory
constitutive model of rapid granular flows. Our theory predicts that the vorticity banding can occur
via supercritical/subcritical pitchfork and subcritical Hopf bifurcations in dilute and dense flows,
respectively, resulting in an inhomogeneous state of shear stress and pressure.
Keywords: nonlinear instability, bifurcation, shear banding, pattern formation.
Abstracts
161Page
Topic: Membrane and Porous Media Flows
ID 15.01
Dynamic performance of a solid oxide fuel cell working with hydrogen
Thinh Xuan Ho
*
, Tranh Manh Vu and Ngo Khanh Hieu
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: hxthinh@hcmut.edu.vn
This work presents the development of a non-isothermal numerical model for predicting the
transient behavior of an anode-supported solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC). The model is three
dimensional, which takes into account heat and mass transport, chemical and electrochemical
processes taking place in the cell. A repeating unit of the cell with planar design is investigated.
Step changes of the working voltage and the gas flow rate are applied to the unit cell. Results of the
temporal variations of the temperature and the current density are presented and discussed.
Keywords: SOFC, dynamic performance, simulation.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
162Page
Topic: Micro and Nano Fluid Dynamics
ID 16.01
Flow over Patterned Superhydrophobic Surface in a Microchannel
D. Dilip, R. N. Govardhan and M.S Bobji
*

*
e-mail address of presenting authors: bobji@imecheng.iisc.ernet.in
Super hydrophobic surfaces are capable of providing substantial amount of drag reduction in
laminar flow situations when air trapped is in a Cassie state on the surface. The amount of drag
reduction achievable depends on the amount of shear free area on the composite surface. In this
work we experimentally study the drag reduction capability of a patterned surface containing a
regular array of blind holes of diameter 300 m and pitch 380 m, made by photo etching of brass
and rendered hydrophobic through a self assembled monolayer. Such a surface is capable of
trapping large pocket of air inside the holes, thereby increasing the shear free area required for drag
reduction. Pressure drop measurements across the surface were carried out in a micro channel with
a large aspect ratio of 30. The solubility of air in water is controlled by controlling the absolute
pressure within the channel. Visualization of the air bubbles using the principle of total internal
reflection indicate that the bubbles shrink in size and eventually disappear. By proper control of air
solubility in water the bubbles can be sustained which will help in maximizing and maintaining
drag reduction over long periods of time
Keywords: Textured hydrophobic surface, air bubbles, Total internal reflection, micro channel.
ID 16.02
Flow of Nanopowders New Continuum
S.P. Bardakhanov
*

*e-mail address of presenting authors: bard@itam.nsc.ru
The clear mechanical analysis of powder behavior is significant to practical applications for
decades. And the formulation of constitutive laws for nanopowder flow is a new future, which
would allow solving a cardinal problem of their transportations and other mechanical problems. We
suggest the nanopowder is a new kind of continuum which can be called as light liquid or heavy gas.
The number of nanoparticles in such a continuum is only two orders smaller then number of gas
molecules. A new technique, the hot-wire anemometry, is introduced also to nanopowders and is
found to be a viable experimental method for velocity-field measurements in flow of fine granular
systems of alumina and silica of Aerosil and Tarkosil powders. Experiments were realized for
nanopowders with size ranges 7-30 nm. Velocity and granular temperature profiles have been
estimated for the different flows. The boundary layer in chute flow has been discovered. The
standing and travelling waves have been discovered in pipe flow under acoustic excitation. The
results suggest that the hot-wire anemometry is a favorable option for the measurements of
nanopowder continuum.
Keywords: granular media, nanopowder, continuum, hot-wire anemometry.
Abstracts
163Page
ID 16.03
Three Dimensional Numerical Simulation of Droplet Passive Breakup in
T-Shaped Micro-Fluidic Chip Using VOF Method
Bin Chen, Weimeng Wang, Yiping Ma and Peng Wang
*e-mail address of presenting author: chenbin@mail.xjtu.edu.cn
Three dimensional numerical simulation of micro-droplet breakup in a T-shaped micro-fluidic chip
was carried out using VOF method. There exists a critical Capillary number used to describe the
breakup and non-breakup regimes for a droplet. Micro-droplet will break up at high Capillary
number and turn into two daughter droplets, while non-breakup of droplets will occur at small
Capillary number and droplets will flow into either side of the micro-channel randomly. Three
types of breakup of droplets were investigated. The breakup with tunnels was controlled by the
viscous force and the breakup with discontinuous wall obstruction was controlled by both pressure
and the viscous force. The breakup with permanent wall obstruction occurred due to the
accumulated pressure and an empirical formula of droplet extension was extended and showed good
agreement with the experiments results. Flow field of droplet was obtained and the streamlines
shows the development of the vortex rings. A power-law correlation is extended to predict the
transitions between the neighboring regimes. Finally, the effect of viscosity ratio on the breakup
was discussed and it was found that the higher the viscosity of continuous phase is, the higher the
Capillary number needed to break up the droplets will be.
Keywords: Micro-fluidic, Droplet, Passive breakup, VOF
ID 16.04
Impact and spreading of graphene suspension droplets on a solid substrate
H. K. Huh
*
, D. H. Kwon, and S. J. Lee
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: hkhuh@postech.ac.kr
The Impact and spreading behaviors of GNP (graphene nanoplatelets) suspended colloidal droplets
were quantitatively visualized using a high-speed imaging system. Micro-sized GnP droplets were
ejected by a piezoelectric inkjet system while millimeter-scaled GnP droplets were generated by
syringe pump and a needle. Droplets of different size were impacted on a hydrophilic or
hydrophobic (self-assembled monolayer treated) surface. Images were consecutively recorded using
a CMOS high-speed camera at 5000 and 250000 frames per second. From sequential images, the
temporal variations of droplet diameter, droplet velocity and maximum spreading diameters were
evaluated. The impact and spreading dynamics of GNP suspension droplets were experimentally
investigated with varying Reynolds number, Weber number and surface property of substrate. The
maximum spreading factors were measured and compared with the theoretical predictions and
experimental results for pure water droplets.
Keywords: Inkjet printing, graphene suspension, droplet impact, high-speed imaging
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
164Page

ID 16.05
Visualization of Cytoplasmic Streaming
Kenji Kikuchi
*
, Narihisa Suzuki and Osamu Mochizuki
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: kenji@toyo.jp
We performed to confirm the inhibition of Cytoplasmic streaming (CPS) in plant cell of Nitella by
needle stimulation and photo-bleaching of chloroplasts. The CPS was visualized by microscopic
observation and measured by motion capture method. In needle stimulation the CPS was inhibited
transiently just after stinging glass needle into the cell, but recovered gradually till reaching initial
its speeds. It was seen as well in case of drawing needle. In photo-bleaching of chloroplasts the CPS
decreased proportionally in increasing of photo-bleached area. When more than 25 % area was
bleached, the CPS was completely inhibited and never recovered its speed.
Keywords: Cytoplasmic streaming; Plant cell, Nitella; Physical stimulation, Chloroplast.
ID 16.06
Microchannel Flows with Superhydrophobic Surfaces: Effects of Phase Shift of
Wall Patterns
Chiu-On Ng
*
and Bo Chen
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: cong@hku.hk
This paper aims to point out that, for flow through a narrow plane channel bounded by two
patterned superhydrophobic surfaces, the effective slip of the channel is affected in a different
manner by the phase shift of the wall patterns, depending on the flow direction and the Reynolds
number.
Keywords: Microchannel flow; superhydrophobic surfaces; effective slip length.
Abstracts
165Page
ID 16.07
Immiscible two-phase micro Fluid Flows and Application
Phi Khu, Nguyen
*

*
e-mail address of presenting authors: khunp@uit.edu.vn
In this paper, an immiscible two-phrase uid flow is considered in a microchannel. The governing
equations in case of steady state, two dimensions for both phases are formulated and solved using
the nite volume method. Based on this two-phase modeling results, the problem of cooling an
isothermally heated microchannel using a metal-water nano-fluids, e.g. copper or alumina, can be
solved by considering this mixture of water and metal nano-particles as two-phase nano-fluid flow.
A case study shows that the two-phase modeling results are higher heat transfer enhancement in
comparison to the single-phase model and heat transfer increases with nano-particle concentration
in mixture.
Keywords: Nanoparticles, nanofluids, immiscible two phrase fluid flow, heat transfer.

ID 16.08
Vibration Characteristics of Micro Magnetic Fluid Bridge subject to Alternating
Magnetic Field
Seiichi Sudo
*
, Hiroki Takamatsu and Kunio Shimada
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: sudo@akita-pu.ac.jp
This paper describes the vibration characteristics of magnetic fluid bridge formed between two
needle-shaped permanent magnets in alternating magnetic field. Harmonic surface motions of
magnetic fluid were observed when the amplitudes of external alternating magnetic field were
lower. A thin magnetic fluid thread was formed repeatedly through the bridge surface oscillation.
Surface disintegration of the fluid bridge occurred when the amplitudes of alternating field were
larger. The formation of the micro satellite droplet was also observed sometimes during surface
disintegration. Effects of the amplitudes of the alternating magnetic field on the break-up of
magnetic fluid bridge were revealed experimentally.
Keywords: Magnetic fluids, Micro fluid dynamics, Magnetohydrodynamics, Liquid bridge, Fluid
vibration, Alternating magnetic field.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
166Page
Topic: Multi-Phase and Reacting Flows
ID 17.01

Chemical kinetics of combustible materials is the single effective reaction
kinetics the best practice?
Lucie Hasalov
*
, Khalid Moinuddin and Ariza S. Abu-Bakar
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: Lucie.Hasalova@vscht.cz
Pyrolysis (gasification prior to taking part in combustion process) of solid combustible building
material is an important phenomenon in predicting fire growth and development. In this study, a
non-charring sample has been tested with the TGA at a heating rate of 20K/min and kinetics values
are determined using an analytical method and various optimization algorithms. Although multiple
pyrolysis reactions have been observed in the test data, single effective reaction kinetics still
appears to be the best practice for numerical simulations of pyrolysis process.
Keywords: Pyrolysis, Optimization, Genetic Algorithm, Shuffled Complex Evolution, Fire
Dynamics Simulator, Gpyro.
ID 17.02
Auto Ignition Characteristics of a Binary Droplet inside a RCM Chamber
Hyemin Kim
*
, Seungwook Baek and Daejun Chang
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: enok2695@kaist.ac.kr
The main goal of the study is to identify the auto ignition characteristics of a binary fuel droplet in
transient condition by using the Rapid Compression Machine (RCM). When the RCM operates
compression stroke, temperature and pressure inside the chamber increase. After the piston reaches
Top Dead Center (TDC), temperature and pressure start to decease due to the heat loss through the
chamber wall. In this circumstance, a fuel droplet evaporates and mixture of fuel/oxidizer vapor is
generated around the droplet surface. Auto ignition occurs if the energy from ambient gas exceeds
activation energy. In present study, ignition behaviors of a binary fuel droplet were observed in
various droplet diameters and different fuel mixing ratio. A droplet was installed at the center of the
reaction chamber by using the fine thermocouple (50m). Temporal variation of pressure and
droplet temperature was measured, and high speed camera was utilized for observing the change of
droplet. Ignition delay was compared in each case.
Keywords: Rapid compression machine, Auto ignition, Binary fuel droplet, Transient condition.
Abstracts
167Page

ID 17.03
A Front-tracking Method for Computations of Containerless Solidification
Truong V. Vu
*
, G. Tryggvason, S. Homma, John C. Wells and H. Takakura
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: vvt_gago@yahoo.com
We present a front-tracking/finite difference method for simulating containerless solidification,
where the melt is confined by its own surface tension. The problem includes temporal evolution of
three interfaces, i.e. solidliquid, solidair, and liquidair, that are explicitly tracked under the
assumption of axisymmetry. The solidliquid interface is propagated with a normal velocity that is
calculated from the normal temperature gradient across the front and the latent heat. The liquidair
front is advected by the velocity interpolated from nearest bulk fluid flow velocities. Accordingly,
the evolution of the solidair front is simply the temporal imprint of the triple point at which simple
and straightforward conditions are imposed. The governing NavierStokes equations are solved for
the whole domain, setting the velocities in the solid phase to zero and with the non-slip condition
on the solidliquid interface. Method validation is carried out by comparing computational results
with exact solutions for two-dimensional Stefan problems. We also verify the numerical method by
studying the case of equal densities of the solid and liquid. We then use the method to investigate
solidification of a silicon (Si) droplet.
Keywords: Front-tracking, Containerless solidification, Volume change, Solid, Liquid, Gas, Triple
point.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
168Page
Topic: Non-newtonian Flows
ID 18.01
Combined Pressure-Driven and Electroosmotic Flow of Casson Fluid through a
Slit Channel
Chiu-On Ng
*

*
e-mail address of presenting authors: cong@hku.hk
Analytical solutions are developed for steady electroosmotic (EO) flow of a Casson fluid through a
parallel-plate microchannel. The flow is driven by electric as well as pressure forcings. A very thin
electric double layer is assumed, and the Debye-Hckel approximation is used. A first step of the
analysis is to locate the yield surface, which divides the flow section into sheared and unsheared
regions. Different combinations of the electric and pressure forcings can lead to different types of
distribution of stress relative to the yield stress. In this study, integrals of the nonlinear coupling
terms of the two forcings are analytically expressed by uniformly valid approximations derived
using the boundary-layer theory. It is shown that even a small value of the Casson yield stress can
considerably reduce the rate of flow of the fluid through a microchannel by electroosmosis. The
decreasing effect of the yield stress on the flow is intensified by the presence of a pressure gradient,
whether favorable or adverse.
Keywords: Electroosmotic flow; electric double layer; Casson fluid; viscoplastic yield stress.
ID 18.02
Stability of Viscoelastic Plane Poiseuille Flow using Lambda Matrix
Priyanka Shukla
*

*
e-mail address of presenting authors: priyankashuk@gmail.com
The linear stability of viscoelastic plane Poiseuille flow for Maxwell fluid is revisited. The stability
problem is reduced to Orr-Sommerfeld equation that leads to nonlinear eigenvalue problem. The
problem is solved numerically using a globally convergent matrix method in terms of Lambda
matrix. Most of the existing numerical methods for Orr-Sommerfeld equation, of viscoelastic fluid,
have used shooting method with orthonormalization. In these methods an initial guess is made for
the eigenvalue to start integration. The guessed value is then updated using Newton-Raphson
method until the boundary conditions at the end point match with the computed solution. A good
initial guess for the eigenvalue is required for the convergence of shooting method whereas Lambda
matrix method converges globally without any guess. It is found that the plane Poiseuille flow of
Maxwell fluid is stable at low Reynolds number, which agrees with existing results.
Keywords: Viscoelastic flows, Orr-Sommerfeld equation, extrusion instability, Lambda matrix,
companion matrix.
Abstracts
169Page

ID 18.03
Morphological features of xylem vessels of motile Mimosa pudica
Kahye Song
*
and Sang Joon Lee
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: kahye@postech.ac.kr
Mimosa pudica moves its branches and leaves response to an external stimulation. Pulvinus,
secondary pulvinus and pulvinule are the important constituent components of Mimosa pudica for
control such a responsive movement. The pulvinus mainly controls the z-axis direction of branch
and its angle. This kind of movement related to water transport in xylem vessels. So, in this study,
the internal structure of pulvinus was detected using X-ray CT technique. The three-dimensional
morphological structures were clearly reconstructed and it revealed some unique xylem structure of
the pulvinus. And these data analyzed focus on hydraulic conductance. This kind of structural
analysis opens new insight to understand the hydraulic mechanism of dynamics movement of
Mimosa pudica.
Keywords: Mimosa pudica, xylem vessel, X-ray CT, hydraulic conductance
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
170Page
Topic: Unsteady Flows and Rotating Flows
ID 19.01
Investigation of Unsteady Lateral Jet Interaction Effect under Different Inflow
Conditions
Yaofeng Liu
*
and Jinglong Bo
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: lyf545@sohu.com
The numerical method of unsteady lateral jet interaction is established. The divert control jet
interaction flowfields for cone-cylinder-flare configuration are simulated numerically with different
inflow parameters. Detailed transient jet interaction flowfield structure is obtained. Variation
characteristics of normal force amplification factor and the additional pitching moment coefficient
(Cmz) with time under different Mach numbers (6.0~8.0) and angles of attack (-10~10) are
analyzed.
Keywords: Numerical simulation, Lateral jet interaction, Unsteady flows, Dual-time stepping.
ID 19.02
Low Mach Number Preconditioning for Unsteady Flow in General ALE
Formulation
Ning Cao
*
, Yaofeng Liu and Shijie Luo
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: cnbuaa@sina.cn
Preconditioning techniques have become established as a useful technique for optimizing accuracy
and efficiency of CFD solutions over a range of flow conditions. Specifically, at low Mach numbers,
it is well known that the standard physical time derivatives lead to an ill-conditioned system due to
the stiffness between the acoustic and particle wave speeds, which in turn results in degraded
convergence and inaccurate discretization. With preconditioning, the pseudo-time derivatives scale
the acoustic speeds so that they remain well conditioned at all Mach numbers. The purpose of this
work is to present the efforts to extend a low diffusion preconditioning method for low Mach
number flows to unsteady viscous flow calculations in the Arbitrary Largangian-Eulerian (ALE)
formulation. The objective is to preserve the solution accuracy over various low Mach number
conditions. The method is applied to the low mach/low Reynolds number (M=0.001, Re=200)
unsteady flowfield of viscous flow past a circular cylinder and the low mach/low Reynolds number
(M=0.001, Re=200) unsteady flowfield of viscous flow past a in-line oscillating circular cylinder.
All the results show the efficiency of the proposed method and demonstrate that the low diffusion
preconditioning method is very useful for the low speed unsteady flows.
Keywords: Preconditioning, low-speed flows, Unsteady Flow, Numerical Simulation, dual-time
algorithm
Abstracts
171Page
ID 19.03
Unsteady Lift Generation by a Two-Dimensional Wing in Flapping Motion
Tomoharu Dengo*, Takayuki Aoki and Futoshi Tanaka
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: jm120224@u-fukui.ac.jp
In this study, we examined the flight performance of a flapping wing of a Hawk moth by model
experiment. We let the Reynolds number and non-dimensional frequency of the wing correspond
with those of the flapping wing of the moth. The heaving length of the flapping motion was selected
as 160 (case 1) and 80 (case 2) mm. The lift and drag produced by the wing were measured, and the
flow field around the wing was visualized. Based on the experimental results, we investigated the
generation mechanism of the unsteady lift. We focused on the effect of added mass and the vortex
lift generated by the leading edge of the wing. When the heaving length during the flapping stroke
was long (not less than twice the chord length), the novel lift generation at the beginning stroke was
thought to be due to added mass. In contrast, when the heaving length was short (not more than
twice the chord length), vortex lift generation at the latter half stroke was thought to be caused by
the leading edge vortex.
Keywords: flapping wing, unsteady lift, added mass, vortex lift, wake capture
ID 19.04
Effect of Flap Geometry on Lift Characteristics of a 60 Delta Wing- Body
N. Gopinath
*

*
e-mail address of presenting authors: gopinath@nal.res.in
On a delta wing, the flaps, when deflected alter the vortex flow and the dynamics of flow
interactions between primary vortex and the inboard attached flow. This affects vortex breakdown
characteristics which in turn influences lift characteristics. To study the effect of geometry of
flaps/elevons on these aspects investigations were conducted on a tailless delta wing fixed with
flaps/elevons on lift characteristics. A flat plate cropped 60 delta wing/ body with sharp leading
edge was fitted with part span flaps with three different types of geometries. Ratio of area of the
wing to the flaps area was kept constant around 4.4.Tests were conducted in the 0.6 m wind tunnel
at N.A.L in the Mach Number range of 0.3 to 1.2 The flaps were deflected through 0to 25. Force
and moments were measured using a six-component balance. The results show that for flap
deflections up to 15 the difference in the lift between swept flap and rectangular flaps is negligible.
The swept flap gives rise to higher lift compared to rectangular flap at higher flap deflections up to
25. Correlating the forces with the surface oil flow pictures show that on the wing and the swept
flap there is an attached vortex flow at flap deflection of 25. The flow structure does not indicate
vortex breakdown corresponding to kink on the lift curve. Surface oil flow picture on wing with
rectangular flap shows separation of primary vortex and inboard attached flow beyond the flap
hinge line. On the flap, oil flow features show counter rotating vortices corresponding to kink on
the lift curve. These above mentioned flow features cause decrease in the lift and also the kink in
the lift curve leading to pitch up. Higher lift in case of swept flap is due to the attached vortex flow.
Main paper will discuss effect of different flaps at different Mach numbers.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
172Page

ID 19.05
Analysis of a rotor-stator system with axial superposed flow and radial outflow
Zhe Jiao
*
, Haixin Chen, Song Fu, Tomoki Kawakubo, Satoshi Ohuchida and Hideaki Tamaki
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: jz06@mails.tsinghua.edu.cn
This work introduces the numerical study of the flow between a rotor-stator disk systems studied
experimentally by Chen et al (1996). The flow enters the disk system through a co-axial pipe
connected to the disk and leaves the disks through a slot at their outer radius. The present results
show that there is a large recirculation between the disks in contrary to some of the existing study
but consistent with the experiment. It is illustrated that this recirculation significantly affects the
distribution of the velocities and temperature. Especially, the so-called core rotation coefficient
exhibited a linear behavior in the swirling velocity along the radius as expected for the flow in the
finite cavity disks. The present work also compared the effect of different turbulence models.
Keywords: rotor-stator disk system, axial superposed flow.
ID 19.06
Effect of Swirling Flow on the Orifice downstream in a Straight Pipe
Masashi Kano
*
, Feng Shan, Atsushi Fujishiro, Akira Watanabe and Yoshiyuki Tsuji
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: kano-masashi12@ees.nagoya-u.ac.jp
The swirling is one of the commonly observed flows in piping systems of power plants and various
machineries. This flow is easily generated after passing a combination of a few bents, which may
not only cause the pressure loss but also accelerate the pipe wall thinning. It is required that we
have to clarify the flow field and the interaction with other structures such as a bend, an orifice and
T-junction for the safe operation and management.
We often use the orifice for the flow rate measurement. It is desirable that the flow entering the
orifice is fully developed. In a complex piping system, the swirling flow is generated through the
bends and then enters the orifice. Thus, the complicated flow is generated in the downstream of the
orifice. When the swirling flow enters the orifice, it makes a rocking. In this study, we focus on the
effect of interaction of swirling flow with orifice.
Keywords: swirling flow, orifice, pipe wall thinning.
Abstracts
173Page
ID 19.07
Turbulent flow over a Backward-facing step: Shedding from the recirculation
region
P. M. Nadge
*
, R N. Govardhan
*
e-mail address of presenting authors:
*
pankaj.nadge@gmail.com
The turbulent flow over a backward-facing step is known to exhibit quasi-periodic shedding from
the recirculation region/mean separation bubble downstream of the step. In the present work, a
small amplitude sinusoidal forcing at the shedding frequency (St= fh/U= 0.08) is given to the flow
to make the quasi-periodic shedding more regular. Since the amplitude of perturbations is small,
this has a negligible effect on the mean reattachment length and structure of the mean separation
bubble. The phase-averaged velocity fields from the phase locked PIV measurements hint at the
shedding of large structures from the recirculation region. The reattachment length increases slowly
followed by a relatively fast retraction caused by the slow bulging and sudden shedding from the
recirculation region. The periodic component of the velocity field, evaluated using the
decomposition given in Reynolds & Hussain (1972) for periodic flows, clearly shows the formation
and shedding of large-scale structures from the recirculation region.
Keywords: Backward-facing step, vortex shedding, forcing.
ID 19.08
Experimental Study of Drag Characteristic and Vortex Structure of Accelerating
Cylinder from a Rest
Yusuke NITA, Seiji ICHIKAWA and Hitoshi ISHIKAWA
*e-mail address of presenting authors: s_ichikawa@rs.tus.ac.jp
Drag characteristic and vortex structure of a circular cylinder accelerated from a rest were
investigated by drag measurement and flow visualization. The circular cylinder submerged in a
water tank was moved with a constant acceleration by using a linear-motor actuator system. The
drag was measured by using a load cell. The vortex structure in the cylinder wake was visualized by
using dye and particles method. The formation process of the twin vortex during accelerated motion
was observed. The twin vortex behind the cylinder showed bilaterally symmetric at initial stage,
and collapsed afterwards. The secondary vortex formed near the separation point. The vorticity flux
of twin vortex was calculated by using the photographs of flow visualization. These results
provided the effect of the wake structure on time evolution of the drag.
Keywords: Drag Measurement, Flow Visualization, Unsteady Flow Structure, Twin Vortex,
Circular Cylinder, Accelerated Motion
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
174Page
ID 19.09
Direct numerical simulation of turbulent flows through concentric annulus with
the inner wall periodically oscillating around its axis
Chun-Xiao Xu
*
, Yi-Chen Yao, Wei-Xi Huang, Gui-Xiang Cui
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: xucx@tsinghua.edu.cn
It is known that periodic lateral wall oscillation can greatly reduce the friction drag in turbulent
channel or pipe flows. In concentric annulus, the constant rotation of the inner cylinder can
intensify turbulence fluctuations and enhance skin friction due to the centrifugal instability. In the
present study, the effect of the periodic oscillation of the inner wall on turbulent flows through
concentric annulus is investigated by direct numerical simulations. The radius ratio of the annulus is
0.1, and the Reynolds number based on bulk mean velocity Um and the half annulus gap H is 2225.
Different oscillation periods are considered, and drag reduction performances vary attributed to the
different vortex structures near the inner wall. Investigation into the flow field shows that at short
forcing periods, the Stokes layer formed by the oscillating wall can effectively intervene the
near-wall coherent motions of the turbulent flow and hence cause the turbulence suppression and
skin friction reduction; but at longer periods, the centrifugal instability has enough time to develop
and forms Taylor vortices, resulting in the enhancement of turbulence intensity and increase of
friction drag.
Keywords: wall oscillation; turbulence drag reduction; centrifugal instability; Taylor vortex;
concentric annulus
ID 19.10
Study on the Dynamic Stall control of the Pitching Wavy Leading-Edge Wing
ShidongZhang, Wenrong Hu
*

*
e-mail address of presenting authors: mailto:wrhu@sjtu.edu.cn
Inspired by the humpback whale, the performance of the wavy leading-edge wing and the smooth
leading-edge wingpitching at constant rates are investigated. The study is employed by solving the
Unsteady Reynolds Averaged Navier-Stokes equations with k- SST turbulent model. Mechanism
of performance improvement is analyzed and the effect of different rotating rates is discussed. It
was found that the wavy leading-edge can increase the lift of the pitching wing. High rotating rates
can cause higher maximum lift coefficient for wavy leading-edge wing compared to the baseline
wing.
Keywords: pitching, high Reynolds number, wavy leadingedge wing, identical pitching
Abstracts
175Page

ID 19.11
Effect of Nozzle Shape on the Formation and Propagation of Vortex Ring
S.M. Tabirul Hassan, S.M. Rakibul Hassan* and Mohammad Ali
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: rakibulhassan21@gmail.com
The effect of nozzle shape and time dependent piston speed on the formation and propagation of
vortex ring is studied numerically. Vortex ring is generated by the piston cylinder vortex ring
generator. Shapes of the nozzle considered are straight pipe and converging (conical). For time
dependent piston speed both square (impulsive) and trapezoidal techniques are applied. The
variations of vortex ring translational velocity with travelled distance are studied and analyzed.
Empirical equations are developed relating vortex ring velocity, travelled distance and time. The
results show that formation and shape of the vortex ring greatly depend on both the nozzle
geometry and time dependent piston speed. During propagation of vortex ring it can be observed
that with the increase of time the diameter of fully formed ring increases linearly and the
translational velocity decreases asymptotically.
Keywords: Vortex ring, Nozzle, Propagation, Formation time, Pinch-off, Trailing jet.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
176Page
Topic: and others
ID 20.01
Scientific and practical basis for developing operation rules for reservoir system
on Ba River
Luong Huu Dung
*

*
e-mail address of presenting authors: lhdung@imh.ac.vn
Operation rules of reservoir system are effective tools in water resources management of river
basins. Ba River basin is one of the most river basins which have high potential for extreme flood.
The basin covers an area of 13,900 km2 from the west to the east side of Truong Son mountain
range. There are many large reservoirs built on Ba river system such as An Khe Kanak, Krong
Hnang, Ayun Ha, Ba Ha and Hinh. Most of them are hydropower reservoirs mainly for electricity,
flood control and water supply purposes. However, in some actual cases, conflicts have occurred
between water users. In flood season, due to the reservoir system did not have flood capacity, the
effectiveness of the system is insignificant causing inundation in Ayun Pa-Phu Tuc-Gia Lai in
downstream of An Khe Kanak and Ayun Ha dams. In dry season, because there is not a document
to operate hydropower plant combining to ensuring water demand in downstream, this causes
conflicts between generation and irrigation. In addition, the transfer of water from An Khe
hydropower to Kone River impacts on hydrological regime and assurance of water supply on Ba
River. Thus, It is very important to develop an appropriate operating rule addressing these conflicts
and maintaining the sustainable water exploitation. This paper concerns scientific and practical
basis for developing operation rules for reservoir system on Ba River.
Abstracts
177Page
ID 20.02
Simulation for Object Drift Forecast in the East Vietnam Sea by the Leeway
Numerical Method
Nguyen Quoc Trinh
*
, Nguyen Minh Huan
*
, Phung Dang Hieu, Du Van Toan
*e-mail address of presenting authors: maitrinhvinh@gmail.com; nmhuan61@gmail.com;
Drift of objects in the ocean is potentially dangerous for human activities and marine ecosystems,
The motion of a drifting object on the sea surface is the net result of a number of forces acting upon
it (water currents due to tide wave, atmospheric wind, wave motion, wave induced currents,
gravitational force and buoyancy force). It is possible to estimate the drift trajectory given
information on the local wind, the surface current, and the shape and the buoyancy of the object. In
this paper, we present the leeway numerical method and some forecast results the drift of objects in
the Vietnam coastal and the Eats Vietnam Sea. The approach consists in estimating the probability
of events linked to the drift using Monte Carlo simulations and in computing the object trajectories
corresponding to a number of monthly marine meteorological and hydrological data series
representative of the climatology on the search and rescue areas of Vietnam and the Eats Vietnam
Sea.
Keywords: numerical method, drift motion, leeway trajectory, Monte Carlo simulation.
ID 20.03
Impacts of inundation on land use under climate change context in Cuu Long
Delta
Tran Hong Thai, Luong Huu Dung, Hoang Minh Tuyen, Nguyen Thanh Son
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: lhdung@imh.ac.vn
Cuu Long Delta is a fertile delta with comprehensive river and canal system having great potential
for the development in agriculture, industry, fisheries and ecotourism. The delta plays an extremely
important role in the national economy of Vietnam, contributing more than 50% of food
productivity and 65% of fish productivity. Its territory covers 13 provinces with the total natural
area of 3.96 million hectares and a population of about 18 million people. Under irrigation
development planning of Cuu Long Delta in 2012-2020 period and orientations to 2050 in terms of
climate change and sea level rise approved by Prime Minister in 2012 has set a target of 2050 to0
ensure the safety of people's life, production and infrastructure for 32 million people and to respond
to climate change, sea level rise and salinity intrusion. Therefore, assessment of impact of climate
change on water resources in Cuu Long Delta has been becoming imperative. This paper presents
results of study on impact of climate change on population distribution and land use in Cuu Long
Delta. The results are part of state-level research project Assessing impact of climate change on
Water resources in Cuu Long Delta under Science and Technology Program for the National
Target Program to respond to climate change.
Keywords: Cuu Long Delta, Mekong River Delta, inundation, climate change, landuse.

The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
178Page
Mini-Symposiums
Mini-Symposium 1: New Energy Sources: Nuclear, Solar, Wind,
Tidal and Wave
ID 21.01
A Simple Semi-Empirical Model to Predict Flowrate through Vertical Solar
Chimneys
Y Q. Nguyen* & Kiyokata Deguchi
*e-mail address of presenting author: nguyenquocy@hcmut.edu.vn
This paper presents a simple mathematical model to predict induced flowrate through a vertical
solar chimney, a device using solar radiation heat to naturally ventilate buildings. The model
included relationships among transmission and absorption of solar radiation heat of the chimney,
heat transfer from the chimney to air, and induced air flowrate through the chimney. To calibrate
the model, an empirical coefficient was introduced into one of its equations. The coefficient was
determined by comparing induced flowrate predicted by the model and one obtained from a CFD
(Computational Fluid Dynamics) model for one test case. Performance of the proposed model was
then validated by both the CFD results for many other test cases of different chimney dimensions
and by literature results.
Keywords: Solar chimney, mathematical model, flowrate, CFD.
ID 21.02
Computational Modeling of Design of Low Cost Windmills for Sustainable
Energy Applications in the Rural Sector
R. Prasad, T. Shah and M. Damodaran*
*e-mail address of presenting author: murali@iitgn.ac.in
Computational modeling of flowfields in the vicinity of this low cost horizontal axis wind turbine
(HAWT) for supporting an efficient design, to assess its performance and to analyze the wake
patterns in its vicinity owing to changing wind speed magnitudes and direction is presented in this
study. In order to understand the flowfield and wake structures generated by the low cost horizontal
axis wind mill and to lay the base for performance optimization of the windmill, a time accurate
unsteady flow past a CAD model of the HAWT with a directional vane fitted to the turbine and
mounted on a structural framework is computed using a finite volume Navier-Stokes solver. The
model also lays the basis for future investigations on the optimal layout of a network of HAWTs in
a wind farm to mitigate impact of the wind farm on the environment.
Keywords: CFD, HAWT, Reciprocating Pump, Yawing of windmill.
Abstracts
179Page

ID 21.03
Experimental and Numerical Studies on Vertical-axis Type Wind Turbine
Y. Fukunishi
*
, S. Shoda, Y. Konishi, M. Shigeta and S. Izawa
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: fushi@fluid.mech.tohoku.ac.jp
A wind tunnel experiment and a numerical simulation are carried out to investigate the highly
unsteady flow around a straight-wing vertical-axis wind turbine (SW-VAWT). It is found that the
flow field is quite sensitive to the tip speed ratio. It is also found that the torque acting on the blade
strongly depends on the effective angle of attack of the blade. Also, a higher torque is generated
when the blade is at the downstream side.
Keywords: SW-VAWT, Flow Measurement, Discrete Vortex Method, Tip Speed.

The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
180Page
Mini-Symposium 2: Typhoon, Tsunami,
Weather Simulation and Forecast
ID 22.01
In-homogeneity of wind field caused by local terrain conditions and its influence
on surface flow in lakes
Bo Yao*, Qingquan Liu
*e-mail address of presenting authors: yaobo@imech.ac.cn
A CFD-based wind flow model and a hydrodynamic model were coupled to investigate the
influence of in-homogeneity of wind field caused by local terrain on the surface flow in Lake
Fuxian. And the results indicated that the surface flow directions and circumfluence in the lake
showed some changes under the in-homogeneous wind condition. And different changes could be
found in the northern and southern half-lake as different terrain conditions. These changes may to
some extent affect the transportation process of mud and contaminant in the lake, and thus should
be taken into account in precise modeling.
Keywords: hydrodynamics, wind, terrain, CFD.
ID 22.02
Large eddy simulation of turbulence over building clusters at high Reynolds
number
Bobin Wang*, Guixiang Cui, Zhaoshun Zhang
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: eugene_wbb@163.com
In this paper, the dynamic characteristics of building cluster are simulated by large eddy simulation
at high Reynolds number for both homogeneous and heterogeneous building clusters. A
channel-like flow model is applied to the urban canopy with free slip condition at the upper
boundary. The results show that the domain height is an important parameter for correct evaluation
of the dynamic characteristics. The domain height must be greater than 8h

( h is the average
building height) in order to obtain correct roughness height while displacement height is less
sensitive. The Reynolds number effects on the dynamic characteristics and flow patterns are
investigated. The turbulence intensity is stronger inside building cluster at high Reynolds number
flow while almost unchanged above the building cluster. Roughness height increases monotonously
with Reynolds number by 20% from
3
*
Re 10 = to
5
*
Re 10 = but displacement height is almost
unchanged. Within the canopy layer of heterogeneous building cluster, flow structures vary
between buildings and turbulence is more active at high Reynolds number.
Keywords: building array, high Reynolds number, large eddy simulation.
Abstracts
181Page

ID 22.03
Model Experiment on Wind Damage in Forest: Considering the Effect of
Atmospheric Boundary Layer
T. Nakano, M. N. H. A. B. Razali, S. Ichikawa and H. Ishikawa
*

*
e-mail address of presenting authors: ishi@rs.tus.ac.jp
The purpose of this study is to investigate wind damage within forest stand in the atmospheric
boundary layer by model experiment. Atmospheric boundary layer on flat ground plate in wind
tunnel was realized to adjust the velocity defect by cylinder grid and a screen. Two vegetation types,
5x5 staggered and 5x5 in-lines arrangements in the model forest, were adopted of the configuration
of tree planting. The shape of model trees was employed since its shapes were similar with
Japanese conifer cedara. A comparison for drag and wind damage was made between the
atmospheric boundary layer and the uniform flow profile.
Keywords: Wind Damage, Forest Resources Management, Drag, Velocity Profile, Atmospheric
Boundary Layer
ID 22.04
Jet and Mixing Characteristics in Single Raindrop Splash Problem
Y. An*, Q.Q. Liu
*e-mail address of presenting authors: anyi@imech.ac.cn
The raindrop impact is very important in soil erosion problems on hill slopes, while the splash
characteristics (especially the jet and mixing) are crucial in raindrop impact processes. Focusing on
the jet and mixing features in this process, a series of numerical experiments and discussion are
conducted in this study. The meshless Smoothed Particle Hydrodynamics (SPH) method is
employed and validated with the theoretical solution and experimental data. Two groups of
numerical experiments, focusing on the jet around the rigid surface and the mixing between the
drop and different underlain water layers respectively, are carried out. In the first group of
numerical experiments, the effect of incidence angle of the drop is discussed. A high speed jet strip
is found near the rigid surface and varied with incidence angle of the raindrop. In the second group
of numerical experiments, it is found that full mixing between drop and water layer only happened
in a very close range around the impact zone while the outer zone is just simply driven away. Two
kinds of mechanism on jet occurrence and mixing are proposed and explained based on the
simulated results.
Keywords: erosion, drop impact, splash, SPH, mixing, inclined impact, jet stripe.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
182Page
ID 22.05
Climate Change: Precipitation Projection for Vietnam Simulated by a
Super-high-resolution Model
Tran Dinh Trong, Hoang Duc Cuong, Nguyen Thanh Son
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: hdcuong@imh.ac.vn
Climate change is generally recognized as a serious threat to the society driven from human
activities. Global warming and many changes in the global climate system during the 21st century
are unavoidable. To estimate and reduce risks and impacts of climate change, it is necessary to
study and project how the climate will be in the future. This paper aims to present a future
precipitation scenario for Vietnam by extracting and analyzing the results of the MRI-AGCM with
20 km-mesh. Under the A1B emission scenario of IPCC, super high-resolution future scenario for
the Vietnam climate shows an overall pattern of precipitation with spatially and temporally varying
projection. In the rainy season, an increase of precipitation by 10-20% was projected in a large area
in the Red River delta and the Mekong River Delta. The remaining area including the Central
highland, the South Central coast is projected to decrease with the profound in Phu Yen, Khanh
Hoa, Ninh Thuan and Binh Thuan provinces (in the South Central coast). The increase in the two
mentioned biggest river deltas where floods often occurring and the decrease in the South Central
coast where is considered as the driest area in Vietnam make precipitation more uneven and
variable over time and space.
Keywords: climate change, precipitation scenarios, MRI-AGCM.
Abstracts
183Page
Mini-Symposium 3: Water Resources, Flooding
and Coastal Management
ID 23.01
Anomalous nature of sea-air temperature difference during the summer
monsoon
G. S. Bhat
*e-mail address of presenting author: bhat@caos.iisc.ernet.in
The magnitude and direction of interfacial energy flux depend on the temperature difference (T)
between the surface and that of overlying air. Therefore, it is an important parameter in weather and
climate studies. T is generally positive over vast areas of open tropical oceans and atmosphere
receives heat from the underlying surface. North Indian Ocean during the summer monsoon season
shows the opposite episodically. Detailed analysis shows that compensating heat energy has to be
extracted from a higher entropy, stable layer aloft the atmospheric boundary layer (ABL) at values
of bulk Richardson number (Ri) above 0.25, the critical value based on linear stability theory. Using
field data collected from a ship, here I show that cases with 0.25<Ri<1 do occur over the North
Indian Ocean when instances of T<0 occur. Here the upper limit corresponds to the critical value
derived on energy consideration. The present climate models often specify Ri~0.2-0.3 to distinguish
between turbulent and molecular diffusion. Field data point to the need to reexamine the mixing
schemes in climate models.
Keywords: Air sea interaction, vertical diffusion, atmospheric boundary layer, surface fluxes.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
184Page
ID 23.02
Flood risk analysis under the impact of climate change; A case study in Kelani
River basin, Sri Lanka
M. M. G. T. De Silva
*
, S. B. Weerakoon, Srikantha Herath
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: gouri1981@gmail.com
Extreme precipitation events are becoming more frequent all over the world including tropical
countries like Sri Lanka and are attributed to climate change. Frequent severe floods are caused due
to these frequent heavy rainfalls. The Kelani basin is one of the most vulnerable river basins for
floods in Sri Lanka and the losses and damages are high as the river flows through the commercial
capital. Therefore, it is a timely requirement to understand of future extreme events to prepare for
necessary adaptation.
Inundations along the lower Kelani basin under extreme rainfall were estimated by applying
FLO-2D model. Inflow from the upper basin was estimated by applying the Hydrologic
Engineering Center Hydrologic Modeling System (HEC-HMS) model to the upper basin with
future extremes. Extreme rainfall events were identified from the daily rainfall downscaled by
Statistical Downscaling Model (SDSM 4.2) up to 2099 under the A2 and B2 scenarios. Risk factors
of each Divisional Secretariat division were calculated for selected future extremes.
Accordingly, the DS divisions with high risk of inundation under rainfalls of 50 year and 100 year
return periods under both A2 and B2 scenarios were identified. The findings are useful to plan
adaptation strategies to minimize flood risk and damages in the lower Kelani River basin under
potential climate change impacts.
Keywords: risk analysis, flood, climate change, Kelani river basin
ID 23.03
Particle Method Simulation of Solid Body Washed Away by Flood
S. Izawa
*
, T. Hara, M. Shigeta and Y. Fukunishi
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: izawa@fluid.mech.tohoku.ac.jp
Numerical simulation of a solid body washed away by sudden flood is carried out by an
incompressible SPH method. The effects of the friction and the buoyancy are taken into account in
the computation in addition to the fluid-body interaction. An experiment is also performed and the
result are compared. The numerical result shows that the solid body's speed depends on the flow
velocity, and the agreement between the computation and the experiment is good.
Keywords: Fluid-Body Interaction, Sudden Flow, Incompressible SPH
Abstracts
185Page

ID 23.04
Water source components computation and its applications
Nguyen An Nien, Tang Duc Thang
*

*
e-mail address of presenting authors: tdthang-siwrr@hcm.vnn.vn
Water Sources are identified as the Water Masses (in space and time) with some common
characters: from upper flows, sea water, waste water, etc. Distributions of these sources are
governed as passive constituents and in first glance it is very simple problem. But the new founded
problem of the water source components brings out more question: boundary conditions, especially
in the tidal river system; inserted so called marked water mass as polluted water (from the accident
release, water with decease component, and so on); water mass released from reservoir for flood
decrease or for detecting saline intrusion; distinguish of portions from different upper flows or from
each river mouth; etc. From the portion of water source, it is easily to determine concentration of
mass if concentration of constituent in initial source has been known. For active constituent with
especially marked initial some volume via determine of so call age of water source, it is possible to
compute variation of the constituent in time.
When application for flood in Long Xuyen Quadrangle (in the Mekong Delta), more information of
portions of floods water are shown such as water from main river, from over flows across different
interval of border, from local precipitation and the roll of West sea. As for the Camau Peninsula in
dry season, there are detected several water sources such as the limit of fresh water from the Bassac
River, salt water of East and West sea respectively, water from each river mouths, etc. Concern
about the Dong Nai river basin, water portions of Dong Nai, Sai Gon, Vai Co Rivers, sea and waste
water are given. This estimation is very useful for water resources and environment managements
Keywords: Water resources, water source component, mass transmission, river system.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
186Page
ID 23.05
Using 1-2D coupling model to assess impact of mean sea level rise due to climate
change on water level and salinity at river mouths of the Mekong Delta
Nguyen Tat Dac*, Luong Quang Xo
*e-mail address of presenter: tatdac45@ymail.com
Changes of water level and salinity at river mouths of the Mekong Delta depend on upstream flow
at Kratie, water demand in the Delta and on changes in open sea connected to the Delta. So far, for
planning purpose the 1D model has been widely used and boundaries of the model are inflow at
Kratie, measured salinity and water level at river mouths. Due to climate change and development
activities inside the delta water level and salinity at river mouths will be changed and those will
affect the accuracy of calculated salinity and water level inside the Delta. It is noted that in open sea
water level can be predicted with an accepted accuracy by the method of harmonic analysis and
from collected data salinity can also be considered seasonal constant, namely, 34-36g/L. With those
in mind an 1-2D coupling model has been developed by the authors and the model has been applied
successfully for prediction of water level and salinity at sea boundaries of the 1D model, especially
in case of mean sea level rise (MSLR). The basis and application of the model will be presented in
this paper. For numerical procedure the 4 point Preissmann implicit finite difference has been
applied to solve the customary 1D Saint-Venant equation while the triangular finite element has
been applied for the 2D-H Saint-Venant equation. The coupling condition of 1D and 2D boundary
is conservation of mass. An entire Delta model has already been developed and calibrated with data
of 1994 and 2004. Some qualitative features of the model have also been considered and then used
to predict water levels and salinity at the river mouths of the Mekong Delta corresponding to
medium emission scenario reported by Vietnam Ministry of Natural Resources and Environment
(MONRE).
Keywords: Climate change, Mean sea level rise, Salinity, Modeling, Mekong Delta
ID 23.06
Mechanism of effect of sediment on water environment in estuary area
Wang Daozeng*, Chen Hongxun & Zhong Baochang
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: dzwang@staff.shu.edu.cn
The complex hydrodynamic factors in estuary lead to the frequent settlement and re-suspension of
the sediment. More and more attention has been attached to the river sediment performance and the
pollution influence from sediment in estuary area. The actions of sediment particle adsorption and
desorption for contaminant and the influence of contaminated bed bottom sediment on the overlying
water quality were experimentally studied in the paper. Laboratory test was used to study the effect
of river sediment on water environment. According to the experimental results some conclusions
can be obtained, that the mechanism of the contaminant release can be divided into two types, static
releasing and dynamic releasing.
Keywords: Estuary; sediment; hydrodynamic condition; contaminant; water quality
Abstracts
187Page
ID 23.07
Resuspension of bottom sediment on Inner Shelf - A case study of North-western
coast of Taiwan
Anh Hoang
*
, Hwa Chien, Hao-Yuan Cheng
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: hohoangtenanh@gmail.com
Factors that affect the resuspension of bottom sediment in the coastal zone of North-western coast
of Taiwan were investigated. The temporal variation of SSC is decomposed into several Intrinsic
Mode Functions (IMFs) using Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD). All the low-frequency IMFs
are composed and referred as long-term Suspended Sediment Concentration (SSC) while all the
high-frequency IMFs are composed and referred as short-term SSC. Observed current is
decomposed into tidal current and non-tidal current using Harmonic Analysis. Stokes drift which
represents for wave-induced current were finally estimated using Ardhuins formula. The
non-Stokes residual current is regarded as induced by wind. Inter-comparisons of the decomposed
SSCs with tidal currents, wave-induced currents, non-Stokes residual currents were made. A high
correlation is found between long-term SSC and wave while short-term SSC and tidal current are
also in a good agreement. It is noted that, a semi-diurnal oscillation of water density is identified
synchronized with the enhancement of SSC. These oscillations might owe to the fluctuation of river
plume or the internal wave, but more observation is needed for further study to consolidate the
presence of internal wave in this coastal region.
Keywords: Resuspension, SSC, Empirical Mode Decomposition, Harmonic Analysis, Stokes drift.
ID 23.08
Monte Carlo approach to total storm-tide water levels for sea dyke engineering
of Vietnam
Dinh Van Manh*, Le Nhu Nga, Nguyen Thi Viet Lien
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: dvmanh@imech.ac.vn
Vietnam has a long coastline of about 3,200km and more than half of the countrys important
socio-economy, natural resources located on the coastal area and exposes the most vulnerability by
sea-side hazards in the World. In order to protect the coastal area from these very frequency and
extreme threats, a proper sea-dyke system has been proposed as a good measure. The most
important boundary condition for the dyke and other construction engineering is the sea water level
which mostly contributed from the tide and the storm surge in Vietnam.
In this study, a thousand-year artificial typhoons dataset is simulated on the basic of 57-year
historical one (from 1951 to 2007) for the storm surge model by using GIS and probability
approaches. Then, two independent phenomena of the tide and the storm surges are calculated by
two separated numerical models. Lastly, 10,000-year total tide-storm water levels are combined to
build annual exceedance probability charts for 235 locations along the whole Vietnams coastline.
Keywords: storm surge, storm tide, Monte Carlo
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
188Page
ID 23.09
Numerical Simulation of Seepage Failure of Levee Foundation
Peng Bo
*
, Zhang Zhen
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: pengbo@imech.ac.cn
This paper provides a new method considering coupling interaction between seepage and soil
erosion processes to simulate the seepage failure of double-layer dike foundation. Numerical
examinations show that present model performs well in comparison with Blighs theory. Finally
effects of water levels, distance between levee toe and exit point, fine particle content on seepage
failure are analyzed.
Keywords: Seepage failure, Levee, Suffusion, Backward erosion
ID 23.10
Sensitivity analysis of water content on landslide stability during porous flow
process
Zhang Zhen*, Peng Bo
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: zhangzhen@imech.ac.cn
Increment of water content can cause variation of many mechanical and physical parameters of
landslide body which are harmful to the stability of landslide. The paper firstly depicts the
relationship between water content and soil shear strength according to the experimental data. Then
effect of water content on slope stability is analyzed. Finally sensitivity analysis method is used to
quantitatively evaluate the dominant and secondary factors affecting slope stability by comparing
the orders of all sensitivity factors.
Keywords: water content, landslide stability, shear strength, sensitivity analysis
ID 23.11
Onset of Landslides due to the Flow-Induced Waterway Formation in
Three-Dimension in a Granular Material
O.Sano*, N. Sano, Y. Takagi and Y. Yamada
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: sano@cc.tuat.ac.jp
In a heterogeneous granular material, viscous flow concentrates to regions with lower particle
number density, or higher permeability region, denoted here by macroscopic cavity. This in turn
enhances the normal stress toward the fluid region on the upstream boundary, which destroys its
boundary if the local stress exceeds a certain magnitude. The latter may further enhance the
concentration of flow into the cavity region, which is repeated to form a large-scale fluidized region
toward upstream direction. These processes have been elucidated in our previous experiment, as
well as numerical simulation in the two-dimensional configuration. Our study is extended to more
general configuration of cavities, including three-dimensional ones, which may predict the
formation of long underground waterways and the onset of landslides.
Keywords: Landslide, Collapse, 3D Macroscopic Cavity, Viscous Flow, Granular Material.
Abstracts
189Page

ID 23.12
Simulation of snowdrift over complex underlying surfaces
G. Li
*
, R.K. Wang, N. Huang
*
E-mail address of presenting authors: lig07@lzu.edu.cn
In this paper, a snowdrift model over complex underlying surfaces is established. Then the number
of snow particles in the air, the snow transport rate, the snow flux with height, as well as the
concentration of suspending snow particles over different underlying surfaces are calculated. The
results show that both the number of snow particles in the air and the snow transport rate increase
with the time first. Then they will attain to dynamic stability. Compared to that over flat surface, the
time snow drift over slope attains to dynamic stability is longer than that of snow drift over flat
surface. And when it attains to stable, the number of saltation snow particles in the air, the snow
transport rate, as well as the concentration of suspending snow particles are less than that of flat
surface.
ID 23.13
Study on operation of Hoa Binh reservoir for downstream safety in the
hypothetical case of Son La dam-break
Luong Tuan Anh*, La Van Chu and Tran Hong Thai
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: lanh@imh.ac.vn
In recent years, the phenomenon of dam-break occurred in a number of constructions in the United
States and some other countries, so study the impact of the dam-break phenomenon on downstream
is necessary to propose measures to prevent incidents and develop plans to respond when incidents
may be occurred. This paper presents the results of applying U.S. National Weather Service
FLDWAV model for estimation of initial conditions and operation of movable gates of the Hoa
Binh reservoir to ensure the downstream safety in the hypothetical case of Son La dam- break
during the flood season and the last period of the flood season.
Keywords: Dam-break, FLDWAV, Son La-Hoa Binh reservoirs, Downstream safety
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
190Page
ID 23.14
Application of RKDG Method to Dam-break Simulation
J.W. Tian*, X.J. Yuan
*
e-mail address of presenting author: tianjw5@sina.com.cn
A Runge-Kutta discontinuous Galerkin(RKDG) method has been developed to solve shallow water
equations to simulate the classic dam-break problem. 2
nd
, 3
rd
and 4
th
order accurate RKDG schemes
are tested in 1D case, and numerical results show that the RKDG method is a time and spatial high
order accurate scheme and can capture the rarefaction wave and shock wave accurately, while the
increase of the scheme's order can not evidently improve the resolution. Numerical results of 2D
case show that the method can model the evolvement of water surface discontinuities and other
phenomenon caused by dam-break like choking flow and vortex.
Keywords: RKDG Method, Dam-break, High Order Accurate.
ID 23.15

Study on the Automatic Operation Procedure of Nhieu Loc Thi Nghe tidal
control sluice in Ho Chi Minh City
Vo Khac Tri*, Truong Dinh Chau, Nguyen Minh Trung, Pham Khac Thuan
*
e-mail address of presenting authors:
Nhieu Loc Thi Nghe (NLTN) basin covers about 33.93 km2 which includes a main drainage NLTN
canal flowing into the Saigon River. The entire route of NLTN canal and its branches influenced by
the semi-diurnal tide regime of the East Sea, so flooded the low lands occurs in high tide. When
canal becames dry, it created odors due to the decomposition of mud and waste, polluted
environment, restricting the local waterway as well as bad landscape along the canal.
NLTN systems relatively completed and closed, so to improve the management and exploitation of
the system's capacity need for research to formulate the procedure for operation automatically the
headwork. The water level automatic monitoring network will gather real time data and forecast of
rainfalls, the flow at positions to help authorities make decisions on the operation of the headwork
to control flood for a relatively large residential area of the HCM City. This is the first system
which applied the automation technology combined with GIS and mathematical models to propose
a procedure of operating automatically the system of works in Vietnam, so the problem is addressed
to research the procedure of management and operation to maximize the efficiency of economic and
technical solution.
Keywords: tidal sluice, automatic operation procedure, SCADA.
Abstracts
191Page

ID 23.16
Test study on infiltration characteristics of slurry in the sand
Fanlu Min*, Daiwei Wei, Rui Wang
*
e-mail address of presenting authors: minfanlu@126.com
Slurries had been widely applied in the fields of engineering, such as diaphragm walls, bored piles,
and slurry shield tunneling. Supporting the excavation face was the main role of slurry in these
construction methods. The essence of supporting the excavation face was slurry infiltrated in the
stratum. However, the infiltration characteristics of slurry in the sands were still unclear. To reveal
the phenomena and lows of slurry infiltrated into the soils, a series of slurry infiltration tests were
carried out on sand samples with different permeability. Basing on the test results, three typical
infiltration curves were discovered, and the shapes of slurry grains accumulated on the ground
surface were also divided into three types: mud membrane, mud membrane with an infiltrated zone,
and only an infiltrated zone without mud membrane. Meanwhile, a corresponding relationship was
discovered between the types of slurry infiltration curves with the shapes of slurry grains
accumulated on the surface. In addition, the discharged water during slurry infiltrated into the sand
could be used as a criterion to determine whether a mud membrane was formed on the surface.
Keywords: Slurry; sand; infiltration curve; discharged water; mud membrane.
ID 23.17
Measurements and computational simulations of the effects of sand-fixing forest
on the wind flow over two underlying surfaces
Kejie Zhan, Ning Huang
*

*
e-mail address of presenting authors: huangn@lzu.edu.cn
The sand-fixing forest and windbreak forest shelterbelt in the arid and semiarid desert region are
remarkable instruments that protect and improve the ecological environment. In this work, the wind
flows over and through the sand-fixing forest or shelterbelts on complex underlying surface in the
050 m range have been monitored by two 50 m high observation towers and simulated using
FLUENT. The simulation results and field test data during sandstorm processions have good
consistency. By analyzing the results, we conclude that: (1) The underlying surface can
significantly change the wind profile. (2) The wind velocity, especially at the relatively high
altitude, decreased gradually with the addition of sand-fixing forest and windbreak forest
shelterbelts array. The scope of sheltering effect of the relatively lower sand-fixing forest
concentrated in the 030 m range. The individual scope of sheltering effect of the windbreak forest
shelterbelt can reach about 50 m. (3) The profiles of the turbulent kinetic energy at all sites had
obviously peak values. The height of the peak value in the sand-fixing forest increased with the
addition of sand-fixing forest arrays. The height of the peak value was fixed around 20 m height for
the windbreak forest shelterbelt.
Keywords: Computational simulation; wind flow; the sand-fixing forest.
The 14
th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
192Page




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October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
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th
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th
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th
Asian Congress of Fluid Mechanics - 14ACFM
October 15 - 19, 2013, Hanoi and Halong, Vietnam
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