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UNIT 7

1. Complete these sentences about the vocabulary learnt in this lesson.


-

People who learn best by using the sense of sight learn ________________

People

who

learn

best

by

using

the

sense

of

hearing

have

developed

_________________ sense.
-

People who learn best by using the other senses are called _________________ learners.

2. Match words from column A with the correct meaning in column B.


Column A

Column B

obvious

smell

mark

not enough

despair

hopelessness

failure

clear, plain

lack of

remembering

quiz

being unsuccessful

tip

to become better

improve

a short test

recalling

a useful piece of advice

scent.

a n that shows how well you did in the


exam.

3- Phrasal verbs. Complete these sentences with the appropriate phrasal verb of GIVE.
in

up

away

out

back

I cant go to the concert tonight. I have to give ______________ my homework tomorrow.

The teacher is going to give ____________ the test results next week.

We could go to El Corte Ingles. They are giving ___________ free books.

He tried to do the exercise several times but he finally gave _______________ in despair.

Ok. Tell me the answer. I give _____________ !

I borrowed this book from the library last week. I have to give it ______________ today.

4- Fill in the blanks with musnt or dont have to/ neednt.


-

You _______________ play with matches! Youll burn yourself.

We ______________ pay this bill until the end of the month.

Whales are still being hunted and killed for their meat and oil. We ________________
allow this to continue.

You _______________ worry. Ill take care of everything.

Drivers ___________________ exceed the 90 kph speed limit.

Pupils ________________ go to school tomorrow. Workers are repairing the electrical


system.

We _______________ wear coats. Its warm outside.

Pupils _______________ watch this play. Its an optional activity.

5- Choose the correct answer.


1. You _____________ go to the cinema if you dont want to.
a. should

b. cant

c. must

d. dont have to

2. My sister _________________ get better marks if she doesnt go out everyday.


a. cant

b. will be able to

c. mustnt

d. were able to

3. My marks arent very good. I ____________ study harder.


a. shouldnt

b. mustnt

c. must

d. may

4. They have an important exam next week. They ______________ study hard for it.
a. will have to

b. mustnt

c. had to

d. couldnt

5. Peter eats too much sweets. He _____________ eat less because it is bad for the teeth.
a. mustnt

b. should

c. couldnt

d. will have to

UNIT 8
1. Write a word for the following definitions.
a. where there is no light =
b. happening quickly and unexpectedly =
c.

tell someone about danger or a bad thing that will perhaps happen =

d. with a sour , sharp taste =


e. sudden flash of bright light in the sky =
f.

not hurt, not in danger =

g. harm someone who has harmed you or your friends =


h. person whom you are going to marry =
i.

say that it is because of someone or something that something wrong happened =

j.

thread of metal =

2. Use when or after to make one sentence for each situation.


1. I wrote to my boyfriend. Then I watched television for an hour or so.
2. Everybody had a chance to say what they thought. Then we took a vote.
3. I posted the letter. Then I felt much better about everything.
4. She stopped trying to lose weight. She looked much healthier.
5. He bought presents for everyone in his family. Then he thought something for himself as
well.
3. Choose the correct tense (simple past or past perfect).
When I ______________ (go) to Paris last spring for a job interview. I _______________ (not
be) there for five years. I _______________ (arrive) the evening before the interview, and
________________ (spend) a happy hour walking round thinking about the good times I
___________________ (have) there as a student.
As I was strolling by the Seine, I suddenly __________________ (see) a familiar face it was
Nedjma, the woman I ______________________ (share) flat with when I was a student, and

whose address I ____________________ (lose) after leaving Paris. I could tell she
__________________(not see) me, so I ____________________ (call) her name and she
__________________ (look) up. As she __________________ (turn) towards me, I
_______________ (realise) that she __________________ (have) an ugly scar on the side of
her face. She

__________________(see) the

shock in my eyes,

and

her hand

________________ (go) up to touch the scar; she _________________ (explain) that she
__________________ (get) it when she was a journalist reporting on a war in Africa.
She _____________________ (not be) uncomfortable telling me this; we ________________
(feel) as if the years ______________________ (not pass), as if we _________________ (say)
goodbye the week before. She _________________ (arrive) in Paris that morning, and she
_________________

(have)

hospital

appointment

the

next

day.

The

doctors

_________________ (think) that they could remove the scar, but she would have to stay in
Paris for several months. Both of us __________________ (have) the idea at the same time: If I
_________________ (get) the job, we could share a flat again. And we could start by having a
coffee while we ____________________ (begin) to tell one another everything that
__________________ (happen) to us in the past five years.

ACTIVITIES FROM UNIT 6 TO 10


1- Fill in the blanks with the positive or negative form of can, could or be able to.
1. She .. leave the hospital next week, they say.
2. David play the piano and also the violin.
3. You .. drive. Its against law If you have no driving licence.
4. I see you tomorrow because Im going away.
5. The baby .. sleep because there were too much noise.
2- Fill in the blanks mustnt or dont have to.
-

You _______________ play with matches! Youll burn yourself.

We ______________ pay this bill until the end of the month.

Whales are still being hunted and killed for their meat and oil. We ________________
allow this to continue.

You _______________ worry. Ill take care of everything.

Drivers ___________________ exceed the 90 kph speed limit.

Pupils ________________ go to school tomorrow. Workers are repairing the electrical


system.

We _______________ wear coats. Its warm outside.

Pupils _______________ watch this play. Its an optional activity.

3- Choose the correct answer.


1. You _____________ go to the cinema if you dont want to.
a. should

b. cant

c. must

d. dont have to

2. My sister _________________ get better marks if she doesnt go out everyday.


a. cant

b. will be able to

c. mustnt

d. were able to

3. My marks arent very good. I ____________ study harder.


a. shouldnt

b. mustnt

c. must

d. may

4. They have an important exam next week. They ______________ study hard for it.
a. will have to

b. mustnt

c. had to

d. couldnt

5. Peter eats too much sweets. He _____________ eat less because it is bad for the teeth.
a. mustnt

b. should

c. couldnt

d. will have to

4- Choose the correct sentences:


1. Brian (won, had won) two silver medals before he finally (had won, won) a gold.
2. Why (hadnt you told, didnt you tell) me that you (had written, wrote) the letter?
3. After they (had recruited, recruited) thousand of women in Kenya, they (began, had begun)
planting ten million trees.
4. Ships and aircraft (rescued, had rescued) many of the passengers and crew after their ship
(sank, had sunk)
5. By the time I (got, had got) into the house, the phone (stopped, had stopped) ringing.

5- Fill in the blanks with the Past Perfect Simple, Past Perfect Continuous or Past
Simple form of the verbs in brackets.
Last night my boyfriend and I . (go) to see a new film called Shakespeare in
Love. We (talk) about going to see the film for several days. We
(speak) on the phone the previous night and .
(decide) to meet in the park at 730 p.m. I . (wait) for a couple of
minutes when my boyfriend .. (arrive). We . (go) into the
cinema and . (sit) and five minutes later the film
(begin). It was a very good film and we ... (spend) a good time together. After
the film . (finish), we . (decide) to go to McDonalds.
We (take) the bus home at 1130. It was wonderful!
6- Join the following pair of sentences using the word or words in brackets. Change one
of the verbs into the Past Perfect Simple.
1. Theresa went out. His husband returned to his house. (by the time)
.
2. She did her homework. She went for a walk with his mum. (after)

3. My sister realised she made a mistake. She saw the results of the exam. (as soon as)

4. The film began. I got to the cinema. (already, when)


..
5. He finished his homework. His sister arrived. (before)
.
7- Put the following sentences into the passive.
1. The UN is sending food to the starving refugees.

2. They will bury the climber at the foot of Mount Everest.


..
3. IBM has sold computer all over the world.

4. You must sterilise a babys bottle to kill germs.

5. They first developed the VCR in the early 1980s

6. Several Middle Eastern countries are considering joint water projects.

7. Harvard University will offer him a scholarship.


...
8. They have sent the surgeon to America to learn a new surgical technique.
.

9. The insurance company paid me the money for my car.

10. A taxi driver gave me a free ride to town.

11. We have reserved a table for dinner at the Hilton.


..
12. They were selling tickets for the concert all morning.
..
13. Are all the students registered before the school year starts?
..
14. I will have finished this report by next Wednesday.
..
15. Art thieves have looted temples in Cambodia.
..
16. They had invented the camera before the end of the 19 th century.
.
17. After he had designed the special effects, they started making them.

18. Many students in my class have already passed this exam.


.
8- Choose the correct answer:
11. By next year, the new hospital .
a. has been completed
b. will have been completed
c.

had been completed.

12. Her keys before she left the pub.


a. Have been found.
b. Will have been found.
c.

Had been found

13. I loved the song which .. for the festival.


a. has been sung
b. will have been sung.
c.

Had been sung.

14. The meeting .. because the spokesman is ill.


a. has been cancelled
b. will have been cancelled
c.

had been cancelled

PASSIVE
1- Change these sentences from the active to the passive and vice versa.
- Someone gave the Director a report on the matter.
________________________________________________________
- We have eaten this kind of fish in China.
________________________________________________________
- They didnt allow him visits from other people.
_____________________________________________________
- The exhibition will be opened by the Minister for Art.
_____________________________________________________
- People have given George a lot of presents this year.
_____________________________________________________
- This picture was painted by a famous artist.
_____________________________________________________
- Des the girl ring the bell?
_____________________________________________________
- The programme is not being broadcast by the BBC.
_____________________________________________________
- His parents will leave John a small fortune.
_____________________________________________________
- You have to fill in all these forms before they can give you a passport.
_____________________________________________________
- Theyre considering your application for the job.
_____________________________________________________
- No one asked you to come.
_____________________________________________________
- We were shown photographs of the criminal by the police.
_____________________________________________________
- You can make orange paint by mixing red and yellow .
_____________________________________________________
2- Put the following sentences into the passive.
The UN is sending food to the starving refugees.

They will bury the climber at the foot of Mount Everest.


..
IBM has sold computer all over the world.

You must sterilise a babys bottle to kill germs.

They first developed the VCR in the early 1980s

Several Middle Eastern countries are considering joint water projects.

Harvard University will offer him a scholarship.


...
They have sent the surgeon to America to learn a new surgical technique.
.
The insurance company paid me the money for my car.

A taxi driver gave me a free ride to town.

We have reserved a table for dinner at the Hilton.


..
They were selling tickets for the concert all morning.
..
Are all the students registered before the school year starts?
..
I will have finished this report by next Wednesday.
..
Art thieves have looted temples in Cambodia.
..
They had invented the camera before the end of the 19 th century.
.
After he had designed the special effects, they started making them.

Many students in my class have already passed this exam.


.
3- Choose the correct answer:
1. By next year, the new hospital .
a. has been completed
b. will have been completed
c.

had been completed.

2. Her keys before she left the pub.


a. Have been found.
b. Will have been found.
c.

Had been found

3. I loved the song which .. for the festival.


a. has been sung
b. will have been sung.
c.

Had been sung.

4. The meeting .. because the spokesman is ill.


a. has been cancelled
b. will have been cancelled
c.

had been cancelled


REPORTED SPEECH

1- Put the following into indirect speech.


1

I have something to show you, I said to her.

_________________________________________________________________
2

Nothing grows in my garden. It never gets any sun. She said.

_________________________________________________________________
3

Im going away tomorrow, mother. He said.

_________________________________________________________________
4

I have been in London for a month but I havent had time to visit the tower, said John.

_________________________________________________________________
5

It isnt so foggy today as it was yesterday I remarked.

_________________________________________________________________
6

We have moved into our new flat. We dont like it nearly so much as our last one said my
aunt.

_________________________________________________________________
7

we have a lift but very often it doesnt work , they said.

_________________________________________________________________
8

I have no idea what time is but Ill dial 123. said his daughter.

_________________________________________________________________
9

Ill come with you as soon as I am ready, she replied.

_________________________________________________________________
10 From one of the windows of my flat I can see the Eiffel Tower, said my friend.
_________________________________________________________________
11 I have an English lesson this afternoon and I havent done my homework yet, said the
small boy.
_________________________________________________________________
2- Change into reported speech.
-

If you want to smoke youll have to go upstairs, said the bus driver.

__________________________________________________________________
-

The lake will probably freeze tonight, said John.

__________________________________________________________________
-

Do you recognise her?, she said to me.

________________________________________________________________
-

Dont go to park, children! , the woman said.

________________________________________________________________
-

Where is my brother?, I asked him.

________________________________________________________________
-

He said: Follow this car.

________________________________________________________________
-

We have never been to Rome, they said.

________________________________________________________________
-

Will I feel better soon?, she asked the doctor.

________________________________________________________________
-

I cant go because Im doing my homework now, Helen said.

________________________________________________________________
-

Open your books at page 13, the teacher said to his pupils.

________________________________________________________________
-

I will wait for you here, James told me.

________________________________________________________________
-

Has my sister already arrived?, my mother asked me.

________________________________________________________________
-

Ill be going on holiday on the 23rd September, Sarah said.

________________________________________________________________
-

We have a lift but very often it doesnt work , they said.

________________________________________________________________
-

It isnt so rainy today as it was yesterday I remarked.

________________________________________________________________
-

From one of the windows of my flat I can see the Tower of London, said my friend.

________________________________________________________________
3- Write these sentences into the reported speech.
1. Please sit down now and make yourselves comfortable the secretary said.
2. Would you like to join us for supper next week? we asked our guests.
3. I might come to the party tomorrow Judy said.
4. I left my books here yesterday David said.
5. You shouldnt play with matches the teacher tells the pupils.

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6. Did anyone try to call an ambulance? she asked.


7. Havent you ever used a computer before? he asked.
8. Which hotel do you think is best? he asked.
9. Who was playing the piano just now? she enquired.
4- Write the following sentences in direct speech.
1. She said that he hadnt arrived on time once the previous week.
2. We wondered if people still played croquet.
3. Andrew asked his mother if she would let him stay out late that night.
4. The librarian ordered us not to make a noise in the library.
5. She suggested not arguing about it anymore.
1. Rewrite these sentences using modal verbs of deduction and speculation so that
they mean the same as the original.
-

I am sure that Sherlock Holmes had incredible powers of deduction.

Sherlock Holmes ..
-

It is possible that Agatha Christie disappeared because she simply wanted to be alone.

Agatha Christies
-

It is possible that Shakespeare didnt write all his plays, at the moment, there isnt enough
evidence to prove this.

Shakespeare
-

You certainly didnt enjoy the book if you didnt even finish it.

You
-

It was definitely a very sad film because most of the audience were in tears at the end.

It .

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