19 views

Uploaded by Muhammad Qasim

report on how ofdm is applied in WCDMA networks/ 802.11a standard

- IRJET-Low Complex Papr Reduction by Alternative Signal Method and Iterative Companding and Filtering Method in OFDM/OQAM Model
- Multi-Carrier Equalization by Restoration of RedundancY (MERRY) for Adaptive Channel Shortening in Multi-Carrier Systems
- Ofdm Simu Matlab Snrber
- Communications System Toolbox Getting Started Guide
- Nishantha Datacom assignmenet
- Lecture q Am
- Analysis of Phase Noise and Gaussian Noise in terms of Average BER for DP 16-QAM Optical Coherent Receiver using Digital Filters
- 5g Enabling Technologies
- Basics of Microwave Communication 1231
- Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line Applications
- Dynamic Power Allocation for Mc-Cdma System Using Iterative Water Filling Algorithm (Iwfa)
- Mapping DGPT Freq to RTN900 Subband V2
- PAPR Reduction in OFDM
- Hierarchical DVB
- blind mc_SP COM
- 2015 09 Rossiter LTE Mobile Offload
- single carrier.docx
- dsPICQEI_033005
- 7th Semester
- MDC-2016 Exam Solutions

You are on page 1of 4

Semester and Year:

8

th

Semester Final year

Name of Student:

Muhammad Ghous

Roll No:

2010-EE-48

Name of Lab Instructor:

Dr. Asim Loan

Date of Report Submitted:

01/05/2014

Simulate the 802.11a transmitter and plot the PSD of data.

Fig1: OFDM training Structure

PLCP PREAMBLE:

PLCP preamble field is used for synchronization. The PLCP preamble consists

of 10 short symbols and 2 long symbols.

A short training symbol consists of 12 subcarriers which are modulated by the

elements of a know sequence. Period of one short preamble is 0.8us so the total

interval of 10 short symbol is 0.8*10=8us. When we take the 64-point Inverse

Fourier transform of the know sequence, we can see than the resultant in

periodic with period 16(0.8us). So we need to repeat this so that we can have

160 points.

A long training symbol consists of 53 subcarriers (including a zero value at dc)

which are modulated with the elements of a known sequence. One long symbol

is 3.2us. We will use 2 long symbols to improve the channel estimation

accuracy. We will also put a guard interval (GI) between the short symbols and

the long symbols. One long symbol is 64 points so two long symbols and one

guard interval (32 points) gives us 160 points.

The total interval of PLCP preamble (training symbol) is 8+8=16us.

SIGNAL FIELD:

OFDM training symbols shall be followed by the SIGNAL field. It consists of

the RATE field and the LENGTH field. The RATE field conveys the

information about the coding rate and the modulation used in rest of the packet

to the receiver. The LENGTH field tells about the total length of packet (data to

be transmitted) in octets.

SIGNAL field consists of 24 bits. First 4 bits are RATE field. 5

th

bit is the

reserved bit (it should initialize to 0). Bit 6 to 17 are the LENGTH field. 18

th

bit

is the even parity bit.bit 19 to 24 are tail bits they shall be initialize to 0.

Using the rate (36 Mbps in our case), we will generate the SIGNAL field. We

dont scramble the SIGNAL field. We will encode this field with coding rate.

Then we will interleave the coded bits to get 48 bits. These 48 bits are BPSK

modulated to get frequency domain representation and then we will insert pilot

carrier at -21,-7, 7 and 21. The time domain representation is get by taking the

64 point IFFT. We also need to put a guard interval between the PLCP header

and the SIGNAL field. GI is of 16 points.

DATA FIELD:

The DATA field consists of SERVICE field, the data to be transmitted, the

TAIL bits and the PAD bits.

The SERVICE field consists of 16 bits out of which first 7 bits are set to all

0s and they are used to synchronize the descrambler at the receiver. The

remaining 9 bits are also set to 0s as they will be used in future.

The tail bit field consists of 6 bits which all are initialized to 0s. Main purpose

of this field is to return the convolutional encoder to all zero-state.

Total bits in the DATA field must be the multiple of Ncbps (coded bits in

OFDM symbol), for that purpose, we pad zero bits at the end of OFDM symbol.

PLCP DATA:

Our data (to be transmitted) is of the length of 800 bits (100 octets). After

prepending and appending different fields of DATA field, our total length of

DATA field is 864 bits.

First of all, we will scramble this data field. The generator polynomial is

known to us and we will generate a sequence of 127 bits. After that, we

will XOR this sequence with 127 bits blocks of DATA field.

The scrambled DATA field will be encoded with the help of

convolutional encoder. Encoder shall use the generator polynomial of

go=1011011 and g1=1111001 at the encoding rate of . But, we will

encode at the rate of so we shall use puncturing to get higher coding

rate.

The coded data bits must be interleaved with the help of interleaver

whose length is equal to Ncbps. It is defined by the two-step permutation.

The first permutation ensures that adjacent coded bits are mapped onto

non-adjacent carriers and the second permutation ensures that adjacent

coded bits are mapped onto less and more significant bits of the

constellation diagram.

The interleaved data bits are divided into group of 4 bits and they are 16-

QAM modulated. 4 bits blocks are converted to complex numbers

representing 16-QAM constellation points. The SIGNAL field was BPSK

modulated and now the DATA field is 16-QAM modulated so we will

divide the 16-QAM modulated data with a normalization factor Kmod (it

is 1/sqrt(10) here) to get the same average power for all the mappings.

After modulation, we will have one OFDM symbol. In each OFDM

symbol, we will insert 4 pilot carriers at the location of -21,-7, 7 and 21.

To get the time domain representation, we will pad zeros and take the 64-

point IFFT. We will also append the guard at the start of each symbol (16

points).

In our example, we will have 6 OFDM symbols (total 480 points). We

will plot the PSD of this data field.

- IRJET-Low Complex Papr Reduction by Alternative Signal Method and Iterative Companding and Filtering Method in OFDM/OQAM ModelUploaded byIRJET Journal
- Multi-Carrier Equalization by Restoration of RedundancY (MERRY) for Adaptive Channel Shortening in Multi-Carrier SystemsUploaded byAIRCC - IJNSA
- Ofdm Simu Matlab SnrberUploaded byhafosaamr
- Communications System Toolbox Getting Started GuideUploaded byWilliam H. Coral
- Nishantha Datacom assignmenetUploaded bylikehemantha
- Lecture q AmUploaded byFahad Rizwan
- Analysis of Phase Noise and Gaussian Noise in terms of Average BER for DP 16-QAM Optical Coherent Receiver using Digital FiltersUploaded byIRJET Journal
- 5g Enabling TechnologiesUploaded byasr
- Basics of Microwave Communication 1231Uploaded byGossan Anicet
- Asymmetric Digital Subscriber Line ApplicationsUploaded byA. Villa
- Dynamic Power Allocation for Mc-Cdma System Using Iterative Water Filling Algorithm (Iwfa)Uploaded byinventionjournals
- Mapping DGPT Freq to RTN900 Subband V2Uploaded bygrendyeki
- PAPR Reduction in OFDMUploaded byIRJET Journal
- Hierarchical DVBUploaded byMax Power
- blind mc_SP COMUploaded byPriti Phookan
- 2015 09 Rossiter LTE Mobile OffloadUploaded byerdemsecen
- single carrier.docxUploaded byOmair Mir
- dsPICQEI_033005Uploaded bybittudor
- 7th SemesterUploaded byDivay Sawhney
- MDC-2016 Exam SolutionsUploaded bynannurah
- Selective laser meltingUploaded byOniga Livia
- 03_UMTS Radio Path and TransmissionUploaded byOlu Adesola
- FSW K10x LTE DL UserManual en 07Uploaded bychuzv11
- 4g Communications Rajendar BitsUploaded bysaddamhussainmd
- 4Uploaded byHasnain Arshad
- GKGP_WC09Uploaded bydgunduz
- finaldeoceditedon3othAPRILUploaded bysandeepkarnati11
- 1570347646Uploaded byhendra lam
- 5GBootCamp7KeyMeasurementChallengesandCaseStudies(1).pdfUploaded byahmedmoibraim
- Mimo Ofdmfor4gnetwork 141213074140 Conversion Gate01Uploaded byNebiye Solomon

- Exploration_LAN_Switching_Chapter1.pptUploaded byReymond D. Se
- 4GUploaded byShreya Sharma
- Canon IR 2230Uploaded byqinq.ieee481
- Network Ass KomalUploaded byvorakomal10
- ARRIS_AndinaLink2019_Marroquin_EasyMesh.pdfUploaded byDario Estupiñan
- Entone User GuideUploaded bylucasj218
- Desktop PolicyUploaded byNavneet Singh
- AOS11 2 Release Notes v4Uploaded by12chains
- DocumentsUploaded byBoity-Mellow Mabizelah Kate
- Cisco SBA BN WANDesignOverview-Feb2013Uploaded byNirina_2013
- HCNA-HNTD Intermediate Lab Guide V2.2Uploaded byPrimitivo López García
- userguide_AE_C6802-C6833-C6806-C6843_5_Android4.4Uploaded byamitd010
- SPD-SX_OMUploaded bycoldplayer99
- 09-fram.pptxUploaded byarc
- Microtek 5950pro Supplement UsUploaded byHarry Lee
- DAV-TZ200Uploaded byLeonardo Ho
- Digital ModulationUploaded byMohammad Mustafa Mahameed
- ISDN1Uploaded bysectiona
- System Vue Lte UplinkUploaded byMahesh Sukhariya
- Wi-Fi Range Increment using Mobile HotspotsUploaded byIRJET Journal
- CodecsUploaded byIvan Carlos Montero Rojas
- Bulletine 1Uploaded byDZSSALES
- PelcoUploaded byDitu Daniel
- Roland XP 30 TurboStartUploaded byssiibert
- OYO XE.imagesetterUploaded byLuis A Guevara
- Multi Streamer DIG IP DatasheetUploaded bydrakeq
- TV Panasonic Viera Tx40cs520eUploaded byatb
- [eBook] CCNA Practical Cisco Routers - QueUploaded byDragos Coman
- ctp2006Uploaded bykinanta gunawan
- Ettercap Readme PDFUploaded byCarrie