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IBM 3584 R11 (Bxxx Code)

Update Service Training



(Course code SE358409)
Self-Study Booklet
ERC 1.0

MTS Training & Development
V5.4.0.3
cover
Front cover
Self-Study Booklet
June 2011 edition
The information contained in this document has not been submitted to any formal IBM test and is distributed on an as is basis without
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Copyright International Business Machines Corporation 2011.
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Trademarks
IBM is a registered trademark of International Business Machines Corporation.
The following are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation in the United
States, or other countries, or both:
Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States, other countries, or
both.
Windows is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States, other countries, or
both.
UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other
countries.
Java and all Java-based trademarks and logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of
Oracle and/or its affiliates.
Linear Tape-Open and LTO are trademarks of HP, IBM Corp. and Quantum in the U.S. and
other countries.
Other product and service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies.
AIX Redbooks RS/6000
System Storage Tivoli
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TOC
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Copyright IBM Corp. 2011 Contents iii
Contents
Trademarks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . v
Course description . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . vii
Topic 1. 3584 R11A Code enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-1
1.1. R11A microcode enhancements . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-3
1.2. 3592-E07 overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-7
1.3. 8GB FC switch support . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-11
Checkpoint questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-13
Topic summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1-14
Topic 2. 3584-SC1 Shuttle complex introduction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-1
2.1. Shuttle complex overview . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-3
Checkpoint questions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-9
Topic summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2-10
Course summary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Sum-1
Appendix A. Checkpoint solutions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A-1
Bibliography. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . X-1
Glossary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . X-3
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iv 3584 R11 Update Copyright IBM Corp. 2011
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Trademarks
The reader should recognize that the following terms, which appear in the content of this
training document, are official trademarks of IBM or other companies:
IBM is a registered trademark of International Business Machines Corporation.
The following are trademarks of International Business Machines Corporation in the United
States, or other countries, or both:
Linux is a registered trademark of Linus Torvalds in the United States, other countries, or
both.
Windows is a trademark of Microsoft Corporation in the United States, other countries, or
both.
UNIX is a registered trademark of The Open Group in the United States and other
countries.
Java and all Java-based trademarks and logos are trademarks or registered trademarks of
Oracle and/or its affiliates.
Linear Tape-Open and LTO are trademarks of HP, IBM Corp. and Quantum in the U.S. and
other countries.
Other product and service names might be trademarks of IBM or other companies.
AIX Redbooks RS/6000
System Storage Tivoli
Self-Study Booklet
Course materials may not be reproduced in whole or in part
without the prior written permission of IBM.
vi 3584 R11 Update Copyright IBM Corp. 2011
Self-Study Booklet
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Copyright IBM Corp. 2011 Course description vii
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pref
Course description
IBM 3584 R11A (Bxxx Code) Update Service Training
Duration: 1 Hour
Purpose
The intent of this course is to prepare the SSR to provide maintenance
for 3584 enhancements incorporated into R11 (Bxxx) code. These
enhancements include support for the shuttle complex (3584-SC1),
3592-E07, and 8GB FC switches.
Audience
This course is designed as an update for IBM Service Representatives
who have prior 3584 and 3592 training.
Prerequisite skills
Students should possess the following prerequisite skills prior to taking
this course:
IBM 3584 hardware training
IBM 3592 hardware training
Skills above can be obtained by successfully completing the following
course(s):
S9E3E - IBM 3584 Ultra Scalable Tape Library
S9S01 - 3590 / 3592 Tape Subsystem Maintenance
Reference material
The student will use the following as reference:
3584 Maintenance Information
3592 Models J1A, E05, E06, and EU6 Maintenance Information
The latest version of the reference material is available at the following
Web sites:
http://snjlnt02.sanjose.ibm.com/tape/tapetec.nsf
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Objectives
After completing this course, you will be able to:
Describe the features and functions of the 3584 R11 (Bxxx) code
Describe the purpose and capability of the shuttle complex
(3584-SC1)
Identify the training required to install and maintain the shuttle
complex (3584-SC1)
Identify the requirements of the 3584 to support the 3592-E07 tape
drive
Identify the requirements of the 3584 to support the 8GB FC
switches for the TS7700 and enterprise tape controller
Course completion criteria
Successful completion of this course requires demonstrated mastery
of course objectives through successful completion of a final online
assessment with instructions on accessing provided in the course
summary. Specific passing criteria will be identified at the beginning of
the measurement.
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Topic 1. 3584 R11A Code enhancements
What this topic is about:
This topic introduces enhancements of the R11A (Bxxx) 3584 tape
library microcode including Linear tape file system, new functions in
ALMS library error log view and auto eject expired cleaning cartridges,
and support for the 3592-E07 tape drive and 8GB FC switches for the
TS7700 enterprise tape controller
What you will be able to do:
After completing this topic you will be able to:
Describe the features and functions of the 3584 R11A (Bxxx) code
Identify the requirements of the 3584 to support the 3592-E07 tape
drive
Identify the requirements of the 3584 to support the 8GB FC
switches for the TS7700 and enterprise tape controllers
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TS3500 R11A (Bxxx code) features and functions
The R11A (Bxxx) version of 3584 microcode, includes the following
enhancements along with various fixes.
LTFS
IBM Linear Tape File System (LTFS) is the first file system to set a new
standard for ease of use and portability for open systems tape storage.
With LTFS, accessing data stored on an IBM tape cartridge became
as easy and intuitive as using a USB Flash drive. With LTFS and the
operating systems graphical file manager, reading data on a tape
cartridge is as easy as dragging and dropping. Users can run any
application designed for disk filesagainst tape data without concern for
the fact that the data is physicallystored on tape. LTFS will be covered
later in this topic.
Advanced Library Management System (ALMS) new functions
Two new functions that were added to ALMS are a modified library
error log view that shows multiple entries instead of having to page
through the log entries one at a time. The other ALMS new function is
for auto eject of expired cleaning cartridges which will automatically
eject a cleaning cartridge when it reaches the end of its clean cycles.
Both of these new functions will be covered in this topic.
TS1140 (3592-E07)
Library Models L23 and D23 now integrate and support the IBM
System Storage TS1140 Tape Drive Model E07 with its enhanced
native data rate of up to 250 MB/sec and 4 TB native 3592 format
advanced data cartridge physical capacity. Existing TS3500 Tape
Libraries Models L22 and D22 also support the new TS1140 Tape
Drive. An overview of the 3592-E07 will be presented later in this topic.
Support for 8GB FC switch
New 8GB FC switches to support the TS7740 Virtualization Engine
using 3592-E07 backend tape drives will be covered in more detail in
this topic.
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Support for legacy x22 frame models
Continued support for x22 3584 library frames that have Enhanced
node cards installed.
3584-SC1 Shuttle Complex
The new 3584-SC1 shuttle enables scalability of over 300,000
cartridges (or over 900 PB of uncompressed TS1140 data) in a single
library image by supporting transport of cartridges from one 3584
library string to another 3584 library string. Application software
supporting this new capability can move tape cartridges directly from
its home logical library to the destination logical library. Shuttle
connections will span High Density TS3500 S24 or S54 frames from
different TS3500 library strings. The 3584-SC1 shuttle supports new
and existing TS3500 tape library installations. The 3584-SC1 will be
covered in topic 2.
LTFS
Since the invention of disk storage, tape has been viewed as complex
and difficult to use since, until now, it has required tape device specific
software to read, write and manage data stored on tape cartridges in
tape libraries. Even with tape management software, file access was
not intuitive since it required knowledge of what cartridge volume
contained the file you needed. And, the standard disk interfaces of
operating systems did not enable direct reading and writing to tape
cartridges stored in tape libraries. Operating systems were not
typically shipped with 'built-in' tape library support.
IBM recognizes that in order to be an attractive, more widely usable
storage medium, tape must be as easy to use as the other storage
media like disk and removable flash media. This requires a file system
interface that behaves like disk, as well as the flash drive-like ability to
share data without regard to platform.
Built on the Linear Tape-Open (LTO) Ultrium5 format standard, IBM
Linear Tape File System (LTFS) provides direct, intuitive, graphical
access to data stored in IBM tape drives and libraries using LTO
generation 5, and the new enhanced 3592 cartridges.
Some of its features include:
Makes tape appear and work like removeable media like USB or
removeable drives
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- Directories and files show up on desktop
- Eliminates the need for any additional tape management
software
- Files can be dragged and dropped to and from tape
- Run any application written to use disk files
Uses partitioning function
- Large data partition contains all the data files
- Small index partition contains an index file
Index file maintains structure of the directories and files
recorded on the cartridge
The index file is duplicated, an extra copy resides in the data
partition
Tape is self contained and portable
- File index on tape
Hierarchical directory structure
Cross platform, designed for Mac/Linux/Windows portablilty
Supports standalone drives and now IBM tape libraries
- Library mode allows listing of contents and searching of all
volumes in library without mounting
LTFS is expected to be the new industry standard for linear tape
- Future LTFS format will be managed by a group of multi
vendors similar to LTO consortium
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ALMS new function modified library error log view
Advanced Library Management System (ALMS) has been updated
with a new modified library error log view at R11A (Bxxx) code.
From the system summary screen, service pulldown, select view
library error log
Note the view is different showing multiple entries instead of one
log at a time in prior versions
ALMS new function auto eject expired cleaning cartridges
Another new function added to ALMS is a selection to eject expired
cleaning cartridges. In the past when a cartridge expired the customer
would not find out till a cleaning tape was loaded and a flag was set
indicating the cartridge had reached the end of its useable cleaning
cycles. Then the cartridge would have to be manually replaced. With
this new function when the cartridge expires it will be automatically
ejected from the 3584 library.
From the system summary screen from the library pulldown, select
library preferences
Place a check in the auto-eject expired cleaning cartridges box,
then click apply
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Uempty 1.2. 3592-E07 overview
The IBM System Storage TS1140 (machine type 3592, model E07)
offers higher capacity and performance over the prior generation 3592
model E06.
3592 E07 highlights
The TS1140 E07 is the next generation of the 3592 enterprise tape
drive family. When installed in a TS3500 (3584) library the 3592-E07
requires a minimum library microcode level of R11A (Bxxx code).
Some of the 3592 capabilities include:
Native data rate performance of up to 250 MB/sec (up to 650
MB/sec compressed) versus 160 MB/sec of the TS1130
(3592-E06)
8 Gbps dual fibre channel interface
Encryption designed to work with the IBM Tivoli Key Lifecycle
Manager
The high reliability of the 3592 tape drive and media is maintained and
improved with these features:
Same form factor as 3592 J1A, E05, and E06
Larger firmware image of ~ 11mb on 3592-E07 versus ~ 6mb on
3592-E06 results in longer drive power on, drive reset, and code
update times
Giant Magneto Resistive (GMR) 32-channel head technology
Media partitioning capability for improved tape data management
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Head overcoat technology into tape offers improved head
protection and wear characteristics
Standby power management improvements that automatically
reduce fan speed when idle to lower power dissipation and reduce
the risk of airborne debris contamination over extended idle
periods
New cartridge types
The TS1140 is designed to provide up to 4.0 TB uncompressed
capacity with the new IBM tape cartridge 3592 (Type JC) media.
JC, advanced data cartridge
JK, advanced economy cartridge
JY, advanced worm cartridge
Compatible with E05 and E06 drives, new firmware required for
drives to recognize the new cartridges
New JK type diagnostic cartridge for use only in 3592-E07 drives
3592-E06 to E07 model conversion
The 3592-E06 is upgradeable to a model 3592-E07 by System Service
Representatives in the field at the customers site. It requires replacing
the following components in the drive cannister assembly:
Drive brick
DCJ card (and card brackets)
Drive brick to DCJ card cables
Ferrite core
Labels
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The SSR can only upgrade a 3592-E06 (factory built), not a 3592-EU6
drive. There is not an EU7 model designation. A field upgraded
3592-E07 has the same functionality of a factory built 3592-E07.
Further required training
This was a brief introduction to the 3952-E07 tape drive. SSRs that will
be installing and servicing the the 3592-E07 should take course
number SE3592E5 which is a in depth self study course.
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Uempty 1.3. 8GB FC switch support
The new 8GB FC switches for the TS7740 Virtualization Engine using
3592-E07 backend tape drives introduced at R11A are only supported
in L23 and D23 frames. An L22 or D22 frame would have to be
upgraded to an L23 or D23 as part of the installation. The 8GB FC
switches are installed in the bottom of the library frame similar to the
current 4GB FC switches. Feature code 4875 is an 8GB FC switch
with power cords.
The 8GB FC switch has 3 sets of LEDs to indicate switch, port, and
power supply fan status as shown in the following diagrams:
System LEDs - 3 system LEDs indicating switch status
Port LEDs - 1 multicolored LED per port indicating port status
Power supply/fan LEDs - 1 LED per power supply/fan module
indicating power supply/fan status
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The next chart shows more detail on the system LEDs and their
meanings:
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Checkpoint questions
1. Which is NOT a capability of the 3592-E07 tape drive
a. Dual 8GB FC interface
b. Uses a smaller firmware image than the E06
c. Encryption capable
d. Native data rate of up to 250mb/sec
2. (True / False) Using LTFS eliminates the need for any additional tape management
software.
3. The 3592-E06 drives can be __________ in the field to a model E07.
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Topic summary
This topic covered enhancements that were released with the R11A
(Bxxx) version of 3584 microcode. An introduction to the Linear tape
file system (LTFS) and noted some of its main features including
making tape appear and work at the host like a removeable drive.
Advantages include the elimination of any additional tape
management software, directories and files show up on the desktop,
and files can easily be dragged and dropped to and from the tape.
LTFS was designed to be cross platform for easy portability on Mac,
Linux, or Windows hosts. The partitioning scheme uses a small
partition to hold the index file and a large partition for all the data files.
LTFS is a multi vendor effort and expected to become and industry
standard.
New ALMS functions were added for a modified library error log view
which has a new view showing multiple log entries in a list that are
selectable instead of showing the log entries one at a time in earlier
versions. The other ALMS function introduced was for auto eject of
expired cleaning cartridges.
Highlights of the 3592-E07 and the comparisons made to the prior
generation model E06 included native data rate of up to 250mb/sec,
8GB dual FC interface, encryption capability, same form factor as
earlier generation drives, new head technology, media partitioning
capability, improved head protection, and standby power management
improvements. New cartridge types and the 3592-E06 to E07
conversion process was introduced. Course number SE3592E5 is
required training for SSRs that will be servicing 3592-E07 tape drives.
The new 8GB FC switches introduced at R11A are only supported in
L23, and D23 frames. The 8GB FC switch like the prior 4GB FC switch
has 3 sets of LEDs; system, port, and power supply/fan LEDs that
show the status of the switch.
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Topic 2. 3584-SC1 Shuttle complex introduction
What this topic is about:
This topic introduces a major enhancement of the R11A (Bxxx) release
of 3584 Tape Library microcode, the 3584-SC1 shuttle complex. The
3584-SC1 shuttle complex allows the customer flexibility to grow their
libraries on the z-axis for layouts that may have run out of room on the
x-axis or have exceeded the maximum cartridge count of a TS3500
tape library string. The 3584-SC1 allows cartridges to move from one
logical library in a library to another logical library in a different library
string with an available tape drive when the home logical library does
not have a drive available.
What you will be able to do:
After completing this topic you will be able to:
Describe the purpose and capability of the Shuttle Complex
3584-SC1
Identify the training required to install and maintain the Shuttle
Complex 3584-SC1
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In order to meet the needs of large data center archives that have to
store increasing amounts of data, the TS3500 Tape Library offers
shuttle technology that enables flexible library growth on a z-axis. This
growth flexibility enabled by shuttle connections between HD libraries
allows a higher maximum capacity for a single library image of multiple
TS3500 library strings. This flexibility also accommodates constrained
data center layouts that do not have room to expand on the x-axis, as
well as data centers with large archives that exceed the maximum
cartridge count of an individual TS3500 Tape Library string. In a
TS3500 Tape Library shuttle complex, if the home logical library does
not have a drive available, cartridges can be moved to a logical library
in a different library string that has an available drive.
The 3584-SC1 transports tape cartridges in shuttle cars that pass over
the tops of the libraries. This method of transporting cartridges is
called direct flight. With direct flight capability the cartridge is moved
from its home logical library across a shuttle connection to the
destination logical library. These interconnected parallel library strings
are called a shuttle complex.
3584-SC1 features
The features of the 3584-SC1 include:
Expanding libraries on the z-axis and flexibility in configurations that
do not have room to expand on the x-axis (reference the following
figure)
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A shuttle complex is comprised of between 2 and 15 parallel library
strings that are interconnected by shuttle connections between HD
frames. Each library string in a shuttle complex has access to one or
more shuttle cars that each provide at least one direct route to each of
the remote library strings. (At least two direct routes are recommended
for redundancy.)
A shuttle complex supports library strings with varying numbers of
frames to the left or right of each connection. A shuttle complex also
supports shuttle connections with varying numbers of spans. This
support enables flexible shuttle complex configurations in order to
accommodate most data center arrangements. It is required that the
front doors of each library string in the shuttle complex face the same
direction.
3584-SC1 feature codes
The prerequisites and feature codes for the 3584-SC1 shuttle complex
include:
Library firmware must be at current recommended Bxxx version
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Libraries at both ends of the span must be at the same level of
firmware
Advanced Library Management System (ALMS) required
FC 9050 Sx4 high density frames, the shuttle connects only to HD
frames
FC 2720, 2722, 2730, or 2732 TSSC must be installed and
operational
FC1530 Web camera mounting hardware, this provides mounting
brackets for attaching a customer provided video camera with
tripod mount. For use at either end of the library string
FC 1850 Short span feature (30-63 inches) includes station
components and Shuttle Management card (SMC)
FC 1851 Long span feature (60-105 inches) includes station
components and SMC
FC 9441 1st Span installed, this feature represents the 1st span
installed, it is ordered with FC 1850 or 1851, no charge feature
FC 9442 2nd Span installed, this feature represents the 2nd span
installed, it is ordered with FC 1850 or 1851, no charge feature
FC 9443 3rd Span installed, this feature represents the 3rd span
installed, it is ordered with FC 1850 or 1851, no charge feature
FC 1855 Shuttle complex service kit, includes ladder and
installation tools
3584-SC1 shuttle components
3584 Sx4 high density frame (as shown below)
Required for shuttle complex attachment
Model S24 supports up to 1000 3592 cartridges
Model S54 supports up to 1320 LTO cartridges
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Shuttle station
The shuttle station mounts on top of Sx4 high density frames
through a special cutout. It consists of a base pad and a shuttle
slot. The shuttle slot docks into the base pad. When the shuttle slot
is all the way down into the frame station it can accept or deliver a
cartridge.
Shuttle car
A shuttle car is the component that carries one tape cartridge at a
time through the shuttle connection to another library string.
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Shuttle span
One of more shuttle spans are linked together to form a shuttle
connection between HD frames in parallel library strings. Shuttle
spans are available in two different lengths:
- Short span FC1850 from 30-63
- Long span FC1851 from 60-105
Shuttle connection
A shuttle connection is one shuttle car, two or more shuttle
stations, and one or more spans between the shuttle stations. Each
shuttle connection supports one shuttle car. The following graphic
shows a top view of three separate shuttle connections across the
three libraries.
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Further required training
This was a brief introduction to the 3584-SC1 shuttle complex. SSRs
that will be installing and servicing the shuttle complex should attend
course number S9S03 which is a 2 day instructor led course where
you will learn more detail about what was presented here as well as
hands on exercises to familiarize you with the components of the
3584-SC1 shuttle complex.
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Checkpoint questions
1. The 3584-SC1 shuttle complex allows the customer to expand a library on the following
axis.
a. c
b. x
c. z
d. y
2. (True / False) Each shuttle station can be assigned to multiple logical libraries?
3. A shuttle station attaches to the ________ of a _______________ frame.
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Topic summary
The 3584-SC1 shuttle complex is a method of transporting cartridges
from one library to another in shuttle cars that pass over the tops of the
libraries. The features include allowing the customer to expand their
libraries on the z-axis in configurations that may no longer be able to
expand on the x-axis due to room constraints.
Shuttles are attached only to High Density frames and can have a
minimum of 1 span and a maximum of 224. The shuttles can be
assigned to one logical library or remain unassigned.
Various feature codes and prerequisites are needing to be at the
current recommended level of Bxxx code on all libraries attached to a
span, ALMs and TSSC are both required, and the short and long span
features that allow the customer to install with libraries between 30
and 105 apart.
Shuttle components include the shuttle shuttle station, shuttle car,
shuttle span, and shuttle connection. The shuttle station can only be
installed on a 3584-Sx4 high density frame. If an SSR needs to get
trained on the shuttle complex there is a 2 day instructor led course
that the SSR would need to attend (course number S9S03).
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Copyright IBM Corp. 2011 Course summary Sum--
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Course summary
This completes the information presented in this self-study course.
Review the course objectives at the beginning of this course to ensure
that you have learned each item to the level stated. If not, retake the
appropriate section of the course. If so, then you are ready to take the
course quiz.
You must successfully complete an online end of course quiz to
receive course completion status in your training record.
Refer to instructions in the SE358409 course description in
Learning@IBM for appropriate directions to access the online
assessment.
Successful completion of the assessment will update your training
record - no other action is required.
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without the prior written permission of IBM.
Sum--2 3584 R11 Update Copyright IBM Corp. 2011
Self-Study Booklet
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Copyright IBM Corp. 2011 Appendix A. Checkpoint solutions A-1
V5.4.0.3
AP
Appendix A. Checkpoint solutions
Topic 1
1. B
2. True
3. converted or modified
Topic 2
1. C
2. False
3. top, 3584 Sx4 (or 3584 high density)
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Self-Study Booklet
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Copyright IBM Corp. 2011 Bibliography X-1
V5.4.0.3
bibl
Bibliography
Booklets:
P/N 46X9895 IBM System Storage TS3500 3584 Maintenance Information,
24th edition
GA32-0560-04 IBM System Storage TS3500 Tape Library Operator Guide
GA32-0594-05 IBM System Storage TS3500 Tap Library w/ALMS Operator
Guide
Redbooks:
SG24-6789-03 IBM TS3500 Tape Library with System Z attachment, A
Practical Guide to Enterprise Tape Drives and TS3500 Tape
Automation
Web URLs:
http://www-03.ibm.com/systems/storage/tape/
IBMs Tape Systems Web site
http://snjlnt02.sanjose.ibm.com/tape/tapetec.nsf/
RMSS PFE Home Page
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X-2 3584 R11 Update Copyright IBM Corp. 2011
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Copyright IBM Corp. 2011 Glossary X-3
V5.4.0.3
glos
Glossary
A
ACC. Accessor control card
Advanced Interactive Executive (AIX). IBMs
implementation of the UNIX operating system. The
RS/6000 system, among others, uses AIX as its
operating system.
B
bar code. A code representing characters by sets of
parallel bars of varying thickness and separation
which are read optically by transverse scanning.
bar code reader. A laser device specialized for
scanning and reading bar codes and converting
them into either the ASCII or EBCDIC digital
character code.
base frame. The first frame in a multiple string of
frames, or the one and only frame in a one-frame
library. The base frame contains the accessor, frame
control assembly, storage cells, tape drives, I/O
station, and operator panel. The 3584 Model Lxx is a
base frame.
bezel. Decorative and safety cover.
BPC. Bulk Power Card assembly. This is the power
supply structure for x23 and x53 frames with
Enhanced FCA. There are two BPCs per x23 and
x53 frame.
BPS. Bulk Power Supply. This is the 12v power
supply housed within a BPC for x23 and x53 frames
with Enhanced FCA. There is one BPS per BPC for
x23 and x53 frames.
browser. A client program that initiates requests to
a Web server and displays the information that the
server returns.
C
capacity. The amount of data that can be contained
on storage media and expressed in bytes of data.
cartridge storage slot. Individual slot located within
a magazine that is used to house tape cartridges.
cleaning cartridge. A tape cartridge that is used to
clean the heads of a tape drive. Contrast with data
cartridge.
compression. The process of eliminating gaps,
empty fields, redundancies, and unnecessary data
to shorten the length of records or blocks.
concurrent. Refers to diagnostic procedures that
can be run on one control unit while the rest of the
subsystem remains available for customer
applications.
controller. A device that provides the interface
between a system and one or more tape drives.
D
data. Any representations such as characters or
analog quantities to which meaning is or might be
assigned.
data cartridge. A tape cartridge dedicated to storing
data. Contrast with cleaning cartridge.
device. Any hardware component or peripheral,
such as a tape drive or tape library, that can receive
and send data.
device driver. A file that contains the code needed
to use an attached device.
download. (1) To transfer programs or data from a
computer to a connected device, typically a personal
computer. (2) To transfer data from a computer to a
connected device, such as a workstation or
microcomputer.
E
EIA rack unit. A unit of measurement within a
storage rack that meets the Electronic Industries
Association standards.
eject. To remove or force out from within.
encryption. A method of storing data in a format
that helps protect data from inadvertent or deliberate
compromise.
encryption key manager (EKM). A Java software
program that assists IBM-encrypting tape drives in
generating, protecting, storing, and maintaining
encryption keys that encrypt information written to
and decrypt information read from tape media.
equipment check. An asynchronous indication of a
malfunction.
Error log. A dataset or file in a product or system
where error information is stored for later access.
F
FC. Feature Code
field replaceable unit (FRU). An assembly that is
replaced in its entirety when any one of its
components fails.
file. A named set of records stored or processed as
a unit. Also referred to as a dataset.
file protection. The processes and procedures
established in an information system that are
designed to inhibit unauthorized access to,
contamination of, or deletion of a file.
file transfer protocol (FTP). In the Internet suite of
protocols, an application layer protocol that uses
TCP and Telnet services to transfer bulk-data files
between machines or hosts.
firmware. Proprietary code that is usually delivered
as microcode as part of an operating system.
Firmware is more efficient than software loaded from
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an alterable medium and more adaptable to change
than pure hardware circuitry. An example of
firmware is the Basic Input/Output System (BIOS) in
read-only memory (ROM) on a PC motherboard.
format. The arrangement or layout of data on a data
medium.
functional microcode. Microcode that is resident in
the machine during normal customer operation.
G
gigabyte (GB). 1 000 000 000 bytes.
H
HBA. Host Bus Adapter
hot pluggable. Synonym for hot pluggable
hot swap. Describes the capability of a component
to be replaced while the library is powered on and
running.
HVD. High voltage differential
I
I/O station. The assembly that provides inputting
and outputting of tape cartridges into the library
L
Local area network (LAN). A computer network
within a limited area.
liquid crystal display (LCD). A low-power display
technology used in computers and other I/O
devices.
loadable. Having the ability to be loaded.
LVD. Low voltage differential
M
MAP. Maintenance analysis procedure
magnetic tape. A tape with a magnetic surface
layer on which data can be stored by magnetic
recording.
MB. Megabyte (one million bytes)
MCA. Media Changer Assembly used in x23 and
x53 frames only. The MCA controls the
drive-to-library communications, provides two
Ethernet ports, and controls other external
communications.
MCP. Media changer pack, which controls the
drive-to-library communications, as well as other
external communications.
media capacity. The amount of data that can be
contained on a storage medium, expressed in bytes
of data.
microcode. (1) Synonymous with firmware. (2) One
or more micro instructions (3) A code representing
the instructions of an instruction set, implemented in
a part of storage that is not program-addressable (4)
To design, write, and test one or more micro
instructions.
mount a device. To assign an I/O device with a
request to the operator.
O
offline. Pertaining to the operation of a functional
unit without the continual control of a computer.
Contrast with online.
online. Pertaining to the operation of a functional
unit that is under the continual control of a computer.
Contrast with offline.
P
peta. Prefix for quadrillion (10
15
).
pick. Pertaining to the library, to remove, by means
of a robotic device, a tape cartridge from a storage
slot or drive.
picker. A robotic mechanism located inside the
library that moves cartridges between the cartridge
storage slots and the drive.
port. A physical connection for communication
between the 3590 and the host processor. The 3590
has two SCSI ports.
P/N. Part number
R
rack. A unit that houses the components of a
storage subsystem, such as the library.
rack mount kit. A packaged collection of articles
used to install the rack mounted version of the
library.
Random access memory (RAM). A storage device
into which data is entered and from which data is
retrieved in a nonsequential manner.
recoverable error. An error condition that allows
continued execution of a program.
robot. Picker.
robotics. Picker assembly.
RS-422. A communications network between the
tape drives and the MCP.
S
scratch cartridge. A data cartridge that contains no
useful data, but can be written to with new data.
Serial Attached SCSI (SAS). A drive sled with a
SAS interface can be linked directly to controllers.
SAS is a performance improvement over traditional
SCSI because SAS enables multiple devices (up to
128) of different sizes and types to be connected
simultaneously with thinner and longer cables; its
full-duplex signal transmission supports 3.0 GBs. In
addition, SAS drives can be hot-plugged.
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Copyright IBM Corp. 2011 Glossary X-5
Small Computer Systems Interface (SCSI). A
standard used by computer manufacturers for
attaching peripheral devices (such as tape drives,
hard disks, CD-ROM players, printers, and
scanners) to computers (servers). Pronounced
scuzzy. Variations of the SCSI interface provide for
faster data transmission rates than standard serial
and parallel ports (up to 160 megabytes per
second). The variations include:
Fast/Wide SCSI: Uses a 16-bit bus, and
supports data rates of up to 20 MBps.
SCSI-1: Uses an 8-bit bus, and supports data
rates of 4 MBps.
SCSI-2: Same as SCSI-1, but uses a 50-pin
connector instead of a 25-pin connector, and
supports multiple devices.
Ultra SCSI: Uses an 8- or 16-bit bus, and
supports data rates of 20 or 40 MBps.
Ultra2 SCSI: Uses an 8- or 16-bit bus and
supports data rates of 40 or 80 MBps.
Ultra3 SCSI: Uses a 16-bit bus and supports
data rates of 80 or 160 MBps.
Ultra160 SCSI: Uses a 16-bit bus and supports
data rates of 80 or 160 MBps.
subsystem. A secondary or subordinate system,
usually capable of operating independently of, or
asynchronously with, a controlling system.
T
tape cartridge. A container holding magnetic tape
that can be processed without separating it from the
container.
TCP/IP. Transmission Control Protocol/Internet
Protocol. A communication protocol standard for
transmitting data over networks with internet uses.
U
unload. Prepare the tape cartridge for removal from
the drive.
utilities. Utility programs.
utility programs. A computer program in general
support of the processes of a computer; for
instance, a diagnostic program.
V
volume. A certain portion of data, together with its
data carrier, that can be handled conveniently as a
unit.
vital product data. The information contained
within the tape drive that requires non volatile
storage used by functional areas of the drive, and
information required for manufacturing, RAS, and
engineering.
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