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LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

StoragePumps
&
ReversiblePumpTurbines
ScientificandTechnicalChallenges

Prof.FranoisAvellan,Dr.Eng.,
EPFLSchoolofEngineering
InstituteofMechanicalEngineering
Hongrin Dams
FMHL SA

RGIStorageWorkshop,Montreux Jan.27,2011

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

Scope

PumpedStoragePowerPlants

TodayTechnology

ScienceandTechnologyChallenges

Computing Domain of the


HYDRODYNA PumpTurbine

Introduction

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

SwissPowerGeneration
Swiss Electricity Data:2009Survey
70'000
[GWh]
60'000

Storage Hydropower Plants


AnnualPower
Generation

50'000

Annual Power
Consumption

Pumped Storage
Plants
40'000

Run-off Hydropower Plants


30'000

NuclearPower Plants

20'000

10'000

Fossil FuelPowerPlants

1970

1975

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

SwitzerlandtobeProudofaNearlyCO2FreePowerGenerationMix

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

PowerGenerationMixinSwitzerland
Fossil Fuel
Power Plants
5.1 %

Pumped
Storage
Power Plants
3.9 %

Nuclear
Power Plants
40.8 %

Storage
Hydropower
Plants
32.9 %

Run-off
Hydropower
Plants
25.2 %

63971GWh PowerGenerationin2009:
2009:11734MWHydropowerGeneratingCapacity;1699MWPumpingPowerCapacity

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

HongrinLman PSP

Hongrin Lake(1969):
52millionsm3 Capacity

Veytaux PowerStation
(1972)

4HorizontalTernaryUnits

Hongrin Lake

9 256MWPumpingPower
9 240MWGeneratingPower
9 850mWC Head
9 600min1
Lman Lake

EarlyDevelopments:Veytaux PumpedStoragePlant(FMHLsa)

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

Pumped StoragePowerPlants
Services

StorageofEnergyinExcess
9 AvailabilityofHVACGrid(220kV&380kVinCH)
9 Reservoirs
> 60 GW Wind Power in EU!

GridControl
9 GeneratingMode
9 PumpingMode

22 GW in Germany;

15 GW in Spain.

MitigatingtheFlow
Changes
9 Reservoirs
InternalRateofReturn:SpotMarketvs.ServicestotheGrid

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

LastOutstandingPumpedStoragePlants
Commissionedsince12Years
PumpedStorage
Unit
PowerPlant
Capacity Units Power
Owner
4
258MW
Yangyang 1'032MW
Kannagawa 2'820MW

470MW

Goldisthal 1'060MW

265MW

Kazunogawa 1'648MW

412MW

Tianhuangping 1'800MW
Guangzhou 2'400MW

300MW

Matanoagawa 1'200MW
Okutataragi 1'932MW

322MW

Country
KOMIPO SouthKorea
TEPCO Japan

VATTENFALLEurope Germany

Year
2006
2005
2002

TEPCO Japan

2001

China

2001

CLP,Guangdong China
ChugokuElectric Japan
Power
KEPCO Japan

2000

NeedsofStorageCapacity:ReversiblePumpTurbines

1999
1998

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

6PumpTurbines
@500rpm

500rpm,525,000kVA
MotorGenerator,Hitachi

9 2820MWCapacity
9 6PumpTurbines,470MWPumpingPower,625mWC Head
9 TEPCO,TokyoElectricPowerCo.
Kannagawa PSP:WorldwideLargestCapacityPumpedStoragePowerPlant

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

VerticalTernaryUnits:
PeltonM/GPump

MatchingbothPumpingand
GeneratingModes
9 LengthoftheRotatingTrain;
9 Speed;
9 RequiredSubmergence.

HighGradeControl
9 Pelton Turbine
9 HydraulicByPass

TurbineDriveforStartingUp

1DirectionofRotation

FMHL+

9 EfficientCooling

SafeTransients

2 Ternary Units
~850 mCE 120 MW @ 500 min-1

Technology ofTernary Units

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

HydraulicBypass

M G

P P
T

Technology:EnablingFastGridPrimaryControl

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

MixedIslandedNetwork
WindFarmSafetyTrippoff

200MWWindFarm

1'200MWNuclearPowerPlant

2x250MWPumpedStorage
Plant
http://simsen.epfl.ch/
9 C.Nicoletetal.,"StorageUnits
toStabilizeMixedIslanded
PowerNetwork:aTransient
Analysis".HYDRO2008,
Ljubljana,Slovenia.

AdvancedNumericalSimulation:EnablingFastGridControl

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

GridPrimaryControl
thruHydraulicBypass
200 MW Wind Farm Safety Tripp off
SIMSEN Numerical Simulation

250 MW Hydraulic Bypass

http://simsen.epfl.ch/
AdvancedNumericalSimulation:EnablingFastGridControl

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

ReversiblePumpTurbineUnits
TechnologyChallenges

StartUpProcedures
9 StaticFrequencyConverterofLimited
Power
9 BacktoBackarrangement
9 TurbineorPonyMotorDrive
9 Dewatering/WateringProcess

BidirectionalMotorGeneratorSpeed
9 AirCoolingvs.WaterCooling

Pumping&GeneratingOperating
RangesMatching
9 Efficiency
9 Cavitation
9 Transients:Startup&LoadRejection

GridPrimaryControl
9 Variablespeed
9 DoubleRegulatedStages

Yang Yang (ALSTOM Hydro)

800 mWC

4 x 258 MW 600 min-1

Double Regulated Stages (nq 38)

ReversiblePumpTurbineTechnology

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

620MWNant deDrance PSPProject(VS)


Commissioningin2015

210106 m3 Capacity

EmossonLake

VieilEmossonLake

250to390mWC HeadRange

4x155MWSingleStagePumpTurbines

428.6min1 7%VariableSpeedDrive

11106 m3 Capacity

VARSPEEDTechnologyEnablingPumpingPowerControl

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

1GWLinthal PSPProject(GL)
Commissioningin2015

Limmern

92106 m3 Capacity

Mutt

25106 m3 Capacity

560mWC to724mWC HeadRange

4x250MWSingleStagePumpTurbines

500rpm 6%VariableSpeedDrive
VARSPEEDTechnologyEnablingPumpingPowerControl

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

VARSPEEDTechnology

StaticFrequency
Converter
9 VoltageSourceInverter

DoubleFeed
AsynchronousMachines
9 CylindricalRotorwith
ThreePhasesWinding
9 SlipRingsforExcitation

Reversible
PumpTurbine
VARSPEEDTechnologyEnablingPumpingPowerControl

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

NumericalSimulationoftheVeryFast
ChangeofthePowerSetPoint

Varspeed

Synchronous
Machine

http://simsen.epfl.ch/

YvesPannatier :"Optimisationdesstratgiesderglage
d'uneinstallationdepompageturbinagevitesse
variable",Thse EPFLN 4789,2010.

VARSPEEDTechnologyEnablingPumpingPowerControl

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

Sciencesand
TechnologyChallenges

Safety,ReliabilityandFlexibility
9 MeetingDemandofPeakingPower
9 GridPrimaryControl
ShortTimeResponse

9 FrequentStarts&Stops
9 ExtendingOperatingRanges
KnowledgeDevelopmentinHydrodynamics

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

RotorStatorInteractions
inGeneratingMode

HYDRODYNA
CaseStudy
zo =20,zb =9
9 Experimental
Investigations
9 ValidationofUnsteady
NumericalSimulations
HYDR

DYNA
"Dynamic"BehaviorofPumpTurbines

Unsteady Pressure Field


in Generating Mode
Max Discharge

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

Experimental
Infrastructure
Research
Education
Experimental
Validation

EPFLTesting Facilities
Complying IEC 60193 Standards
Max Head:
Max Discharge:
Generating Power:
Max Speed:
Pumping Power:

Efficiency Uncertainty <2


PF 1
PF 2
PF 3
100 mCE
120 mCE
100 mCE
1.4 m3/s
1.4 m3/s
1.4 m3/s
< 300 kW
< 300 kW
< 300 kW
1'500 rpm 2'500 rpm 2'500 rpm
900 kW
1000 kW
2 x 400 kW

WorldClassResearchFacilities:3TestRigsforHydraulicTurbines,PumpsandPumpTurbines

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

IEC60193PumpTurbineModelTesting
PumpedStorage
PowerPlant
Ludington

Country

Owner/Manufacturer

Capacity

Year

MI,USA

Consumers Energy

6x312MW

2010

XIANYOU

China

DONGFANGElectricalMachineryLtd

1'200MW

2009

XIANSHUIJAN

China

HARBINElectricalMachineryLtd.

4x370MW

2009

R&D/ALSTOMHydro

20078

ROCKYMOUNTAIN

GA,USA

OglethorpePower/AmericanHydro

3x370MW

20056

BLENHEIMGILBOA

NY,USA

Rev.Eng.&ImpellerModelNYPA

4x260MW

2003

SouthKorea

KoreaWesternPowerCo/GEHydro

2x350MW

2003

R&D/ALSTOMHydro

2002

VENDANOVEII

Portugal

EDP/VOITHHydro

2x98MW

2001

ALQUEVA

Portugal

EDIAoperatedbyEDP/ALSTOMHydro

2x130MW

1999

TAUMSAUK*

MO,USA

UnionElectricCompany/AmericanHydro

2x220MW

1997

VeryHighHead

CHEONSONG
Nq45

EPFL:aKeyResearchCenterforHydropowerDevelopment

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

HYDR

DYNA ResearchProject

PumpTurbineHydrodynamics

Investigating,ModelingandHarnessingUnsteadyFlows;

FluidStructureCoupling;

RotorStatorInteractions;

Cavitation;

PerformanceCurve
Stability
PompeturbineHYDRODYNAzo =20,zb =9

Sciencesand Technology Challenges

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

HYDRODYNAPumpTurbine
Scale Model

HYDR

DYNA

ExperimentalInvestigations

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

ComputingDomain
HYDR

DYNA

FlowNumericalSimulations

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

RotorStatorInteraction
GeneratingMode@FullLoad

HYDR

DYNA

PressureFieldattheSpiralCasingWall

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

K=2Modeof9x20RSI

ExperimentalValidationofRSINumericalSimulations

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

ImpellerModalAnalysis:2DMode

HYDRODYNAImpellerFluidStructureCoupling

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

TowardaSustainableCO2Free
PowerGenerationSystem

RenewingAvailableHydropowerSchemeswithPumped
StoragePowerPlantsforMaximizingValueoftheAvailable
StorageCapacities
9 MinimizingEnvironmentalImpacts;
9 IncreasingPowerCapacityandEfficiency;
9 DevelopingPowerControlCapability;
9 EnhancingRobustness,Availability,Maintainability&Safety.

InterconnectedElectricityNetworksOpportunities
9 EnablingNewRenewableEnergyDevelopment;
9 PeakPowerGeneration;
9 GridPowerControlServices:PrimaryControl(frequency).
StrategicIssuesforDevelopingPumpedStoragePowerPlants

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

Conclusions

PumpedStoragePlants(PSP)arethekeycomponentfor
enablingthedevelopmentandtheoptimumuseofprimary
renewableenergy.

Thebusinessmodelisdrivenbytheenergyspotmarket,the
servicestothegridandthepublicpolicy.

Thepumpturbinetechnologyneedstobefurtherdeveloped
tomeetthemarketneedsandtoensureandenhance,
reliabilityavailabilitymaintainabilityandsafetyofthepower
plants.Attentionmustbepaidwhenutilizingexisting
hydraulicinfrastructure,e.g.penstock.

TheongoingSwissprojectsofPSPareanopportunityfor
furtherinvestigationsinthefieldofenablingenergy
technology.
EPFLSchoolofEngineering

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

EPFLDoctoralTheses

NicolasRUCHONNET:"Multiscale ComputationalMethodologyAppliedto
Hydroacoustic ResonanceinCavitating PipeFlow", EPFLDoctoralThesis
N4778,2010.

Berten STEFAN:HydrodynamicsofHighSpecificPowerPumpsatOff
DesignOperatingConditions,EPFLDoctoralThesisN4642,2010.

PhilippeAUSONI:"TurbulentVortexSheddingfromaBluntTrailingEdge
Hydrofoil", EPFLDoctoralThesisN4475,2009.

OlivierBRAUN:"PartLoadFlowinRadialCentrifugalPumps",EPFL
DoctoralThesisN4422,2009.

AlirezaZOBEIRI:"InvestigationsofTimeDependentFlowPhenomenaina
TurbineandaPumpTurbineofFrancisType:RotorStatorInteractionsand
Precessing VortexRope",EPFLDoctoralThesisN4272,2009.

AdvancedEducationinHydrodynamicsofTurbomachines

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

ThanksforyourKindAttention-

RGIStorageWorkshop,Montreux Jan.27,2011

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

GrandeDixence HydropowerScheme

400Millionsm3 ReservoirStorageCapacity:MaximumValue

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

GrandeDixence HydropowerScheme:

GeneratingPowerStation: CollectingWaterfrom35
SeasonalOperation
Glaciers
9 1'269MWBieudron
9 685MWNendazFionnay
9 100MWChandoline

9 170MWPumpingPower

400Millionsm3 ReservoirStorageCapacity:MaximumValue

LMH Laboratory for Hydraulic Machines

1'269MWBieudron PowerPlant
3Pelton Turbines

500MVAGenerators
9 428.5min1
9 14poles,35.7MVA/pole
9 WaterCooled

423MWPelton
Turbines,5injectors
9 1'883mWC Head
9 25m3/sDischarge
9 D1 =3.993m
9 ~28tRunnerMass
Bieudron PowerPlantEnablingRhDix StoragePumpedProject