# Beams On Elastic Foundations.

There are many problems in which a beam is supported on a compressible
foundation which exerts a distributive reaction on the Beam of intensity
proportional to the compressibility.
In some cases the foundations can only exert upward forces and the beam may,
if it is sufficiently long, lose contact with the foundation. In other cases pressure
may be exerted either way. Again the support may not be truly continuous( eg.
the support of railway lines) but can be replaced by an euivalent distributed
support.
If is the upward deflection of the foundation at any point, then the rate of upward
reaction is ! .
A beam is a hori"ontal structural element that is capable of withstanding load primarily
by resisting bending. The bending force induced into the material of the beam as a result
of the external loads, own weight, span and external reactions to these loads is called a
bending moment.
#sing the theory shown in \$Bending of Beams %art &\$
'r
(1)
where
Three standard are now considered(
Example - Example 1
%roblem
A steel railway trac) is supported on timber sleepers which exert an euivalent
load of *++lb.,in. length of rail per inch deflection from its unloaded position. -or
each rail and .
If a point load of &+ tons acts on each rail, find the length of rail over which the
sleepers are depressed and the maximum Bending Stress in the rail.
.or)ings
/ach rail can be considered to be an infinitely long beam for which the length
over which the downward deflection occurs is given by euation (0)
And the 1aximum Bending 1oment is given by(
And the maximum 2tress is(
2olution
• The length is
• The maximum Bending Stress in the rail is