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Canal University

Faculty of engineering
Course Specification
A- Affiliation
B- Basic Information
C- Professional Information
1- Course Learning Objectives
A study of this course will enable the student to
* learn the theoretical principles and current state of the art of switchgear and
protection engineering.
* Study the Circuit interruption and protection.
* Study the Control systems of Circuit Breaker. Selection criteria. Testing.
* Study the Arc extinction
* Study the Recovery voltage
* Study the Air, oil, air blast, vacuum, SF6 and HVDC circuit breakers.
* Selection criteria. Testing.
* Study of Digital protection of power system.
* Study of Fuses.
* Study of protection against over voltages due to lightning.
2- Intended Learning Outcomes (ILOS)
A Knowledge and understanding
By the end of the course the student should be able to
A1 Know the principles of switchgear and protection schemes.
A2 Understand the Circuit interruption and protection.
A3 Understand the basic structure of protection schemes.
A4 Understand all types of Circuit Breakers.
A5 Understand the Analog and digital protection of power system components.
Analyse the operation and state the application of protection schemes.
B Intellectual skills
By the end of the course the student should be able to
B1 Analyse various circuit breakers.
B2 Describe the characteristics of various power system protection relays.
B3 Differentiate between analogue and digital protection schemes.
B4 Design protection schemes for power system components
Relevant Program : B.Sc Degree
Department Offering the Program : Electrical engineering
Department Offering the Course : Electrical engineering
Academic Year/level : 4
year / 1
Date of Specification Approval : 2002
Title : Switch gear and Protection Engineering 2 Teaching Hours
Code : EPM425 Lecture 2
Year : 4
year Tutorial
Level : 1
term Practical 2
Total 4
C Professional and practical skills
By the end of the course the student should be able to
C1 Measurement testing of differential Protection of a three-phase transformer .
C2 Overcurrent protection of a three-phase induction motor.
C2 Implement Switchgear and protection circuits on breadboard and test them.
D General and transferable skills
By the end of the course the student should be able to
D1 Design of protection zones against faults, lightning impulse, and over voltage for
his own use.
D2 Teach the others to implement switchgear and protection as hobby
3- Content
4- Teaching and learning methods
4-1 Blackboard – Whiteboard and chalk
4-2 OHP and Power point data show
4-3 Workshop training
4-4 Library visit and research papers
5- Students ' assessment methods
5-1 Tools
Written exam to measure : Knowledge and understanding, Intellectual skills,
Professional skills.
Term papers to measure : Intellectual skills, Professional skills, General skills.
Practical exams to measure : Professional skills, Knowledge and understanding.
5-2 Time schedule
Mid-term exam : After 7 weeks.
Week Topic Lecture
1 Basic theoretical principles of of switchgear and
protection engineering.
2 2
2 Circuit interruption and protection 2 2
3 Control systems of Circuit Breaker. 2 2
4 Selection criteria. Testing. 2 2
5 Arc extinction 2 2
6 Recovery and Transient recovery voltages 2 2
7 Types of Circuit Breakers 2 2
Mid-term exam
8 Analog and digital protection 2 2
9 Generator protection 2 2
10 Transformer protection 2 2
11 Bus-bars protection 2 2
12 Transmission line protection. 2 2
13 Over voltage protection 2 2
14 Protection against lightning 2 2
15 Applictions 2 2
Final Exam
Total hours
Final exam : Week no. 15.
Problems : Weeks no. 3 and 6.
Assignments : Week no. 9.
5-3 Grading system
Mid-term exam : 30 % 30
Final exam : 70 % 70
Total : 100 % 100 Degree
6- Teaching and learning methods for distinguished
6-1 Open discussions for practical problems
6-2 Solving difficult and complicated examples for them
6-3 Asking them to find solutions to some complicated problems
7- List of references
7-1 Course notes : Lecture notes and handouts
7-2 Required books :
 Helmut Ungrad, Wilibald Winkler and Andrzej Wiszniewski, "Protection Techniques in
Electrical Energy Systems", Marcel Dekker, Inc., 1992.
 Y G Paithankar, “Transmission Network Protection – Theory and Practice”, Marcel
Dekker, Inc., 1997.
 Switching Phenomena in High Voltage Circuit Breakers”, edited by Kunio Nakanishi,
Marcel Dekker, Inc., 1991.
 Badri Ram and D N Visawakarma, “Power System Protection and Switchgear”, Tata
McGraw Hill, 1995.
7-3 Recommended books :
7-4 else :
8- Facilities required for teaching and learning
8-1 Class room for lectures and tutorials 8-2 High voltage and Power lab for
Practical experiments
8-3 Library 8-4 Internet
Course Coordinator Head of the Department Date