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MITRC REFRESHER COURSE MITRC REFRESHER COURSE MITRC REFRESHER COURSE MITRC REFRESHER COURSE ANSWER KEY Satellite

Communications


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1. The first passive satellite
a. Telstar
b. Early Bird
c. Sputnik I
d. Moon

2. The first active satellite
a. Sputnik I
b. Telstar
c. INTELSAT I
d. Explorer I

3. The first geostationary satellite launched in 1965 is
a. Syncom I
b. Sputnik I
c. Explorer I
d. Early Bird

4. The average lifetime of geosynchronous satellites is about
__________ years.
a. 5
b. 10
c. 15
d. 20

5. A communication satellite is a repeater between
a. A transmitting station and receiving station
b. Many transmitting stations and many receiving stations
c. A transmitting station and many receiving stations
d. Many transmitting stations and a receiving station

6. One of the main applications of satellite communications is
monitoring the ecological situation of the earth. This is known as
a. Navigation
b. Surveillance
c. Remote control
d. Remote sensing

7. What vacuum tube used to amplify RF signal for transmission
through the downlink to station receiver?
a. Magnetron
b. Klystron
c. Twystron
d. TWT

8. A high power tube used in transmission of RF signal uplink
a. Magnetron
b. Klystron
c. BWO
d. TWT

9. A stage in transponder and downlink system which amplifies the
signal and ensuring that noise is suppressed as possible
a. Mixer
b. Demodulator
c. LNA
d. IF amplifier

10. A transponder is a satellite equipment which
a. Receives a signal from earth station and amplifies it
b. Changes the frequency of the received signal
c. Retransmit the received signal
d. All of the above

11. Multiple repeaters in communications satellites are known as
a. Transponders
b. Detectors
c. Modulators
d. Transceivers

12. Satellite-to-satellite link is also called
a. Uplink
b. Downlink
c. Crosslink
d. Weakest link

13. The expression for satellite link frequencies such as 14/12 GHz
denotes that
a. 12 GHz is the uplink frequency and 14 GHz is the downlink
frequency
b. the system is operating at a mean frequency of 13 Ghz
c. 14 GHz is the uplink frequency and 12 GHz is the
downlink frequency
d. the 14 GHz frequency is backup for 12 GHz frequency or vice
versa

14. The most widely used microwave bands for commercial
applications are
a. C band and X band
b. X band and S band
c. C band and Ku band
d. S band and Ku band

15. At present, the RF band mainly used by most satellites is
a. EHF
b. UHF
c. SHF
d. VHF

16. The required antenna size __________ as the operating frequency
of a system increases, assuming that antenna gain remains
unchanged.
a. Remains the same
b. Increases
c. Decreases
d. All of the above

17. A 20-m antenna gives a certain up-link gain at frequencies of 4/6
GHz. For getting the same gain in 20/30 GHz band, antenna size
requires __________ meters.
a. 100
b. 4
c. 1
d. 10

18. Orbital disturbances of a geosynchronous satellite are caused by
a. Moon
b. Sun
c. Earth
d. All of the above

19. Geosynchronous satellites
a. Has the same period as that of the earth
b. Has a circular obit
c. Rotates in the equatorial plane
d. All of the above

20. To cover all inhabited regions of the earth, the number of
geosynchronous satellites required is
a. 5
b. 10
c. 2
d. 3

21. A geostationary satellite is one which
a. Hangs motionless in space about 36,000 km above the earth
b. Travels around the earth about 24 hrs.
c. Remains stationary above the earth
d. Appears stationary above the earth

MITRC REFRESHER COURSE MITRC REFRESHER COURSE MITRC REFRESHER COURSE MITRC REFRESHER COURSE ANSWER KEY Satellite Communications


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22. Geosynchronous Communication satellites travel around the earth
in circular orbits with forward speed of about __________km/hr.
a. 100,000
b. 36,000
c. 11,200
d. 22,800

23. The period of the satellite is
a. The amount of time it takes for a satellite to complete one
orbit
b. The point on an orbit where satellite to complete one orbit
c. The time it takes the satellite to travel from perigee to apogee
d. An orbital arc that extends from 60 degrees west longitude to
145 degrees west longitude

24. What is the satellite's period orbiting in a circular pattern with
elevation of 1000 km?
a. 1 hr 45 mins
b. 2 hrs 45 mins
c. 2 hrs 30 mins
d. 3 hrs

25. A satellite, orbiting in a circular orbit,
a. Has constant velocity
b. Has varying velocity
c. Is not moving at all
d. Both a and b

26. What is a descending pass for a satellite?
a. A pass from west to east
b. A pass from east to west
c. A pass from south to north
d. A pass from north to south

27. Satellite rotating in an orbit takes it over the north and south poles
is in
a. Inclined orbit
b. Polar orbit
c. Equatorial orbit
d. Declined orbit

28. The farthest point a satellite can reach is
a. Apogee
b. Perigee
c. Altitude
d. Attitude

29. Include all earth stations within line-of-sight path of a satellite
a. Satellite shadow
b. Earth shadow
c. Zonal
d. Global

30. The different multiple accesses which permit many satellite users
to operate in parallel through
a. A Single Transponder Without Interfering With Each other are
b. FDMA
c. TDMA
d. CDMA
e. All of the above

31. A digital technology that uses a low power signal spread across a
wide bandwidth. With this technology, a phone call is assigned a
code instead of a certain frequency. Using identifying code and a
low power signal, a large number of channels can used the entire
bandwith
a. TDMA
b. PCDMA
c. PMA
d. CDMA
32. The use of the same frequency on the same geographical area
a. Frequency reuse
b. Roaming
c. Homing
d. Cellular

33. In selecting a satellite system, the first determining factor is
a. Coverage area
b. EIRP
c. Antenna size
d. Antenna gain
34. The earth's area or region that the satellite can receive from or
transmit to
a. Footprint
b. Skip zone
c. Primary area
d. Finger print

35. Satellite radiation pattern that covers 1/3 of the earth's surface
a. Earth
b. Zonal
c. Spot
d. Global

36. A satellite position is measured by its _________ angle with
respect to the horizon.
a. Elevation
b. Depression
c. Azimuth
d. Incidence

37. The _________ angle measures the satellite position clockwise
from the direction of true North
a. Elevation
b. Depression
c. Azimuth
d. Incidence

38. GPS has a total number satellites equal to
a. 12
b. 24
c. 36
d. 48

39. How many elliptical orbits does Navstar GPS have?
a. 5
b. 6
c. 7
d. 8

40. What is the free space attenuation of a satellite system operating
at 36,000 km above the earth operating at 5 GHz?
a. 180 dB
b. 190 dB
c. 198 dB
d. 189 dB

41. The FDMA technique wherein voice band channels are assigned
on “as needed" basis.
a. PAMA
b. DAMA
c. SSMA
d. CDMA

42. A satellite equipped with electronic devices to receive, amplify,
convert, and retransmit signals.
a. Passive
b. Active
c. Uplink
d. Downlink
MITRC REFRESHER COURSE MITRC REFRESHER COURSE MITRC REFRESHER COURSE MITRC REFRESHER COURSE ANSWER KEY Satellite Communications


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43. An earth station transmits signal to a satellite 38,500 km, directly
overhead it. What is the propagation delay when the signal is
received back at the same earth station, in milliseconds?
a. 257
b. 200
c. 285
d. 185

44. A satellite communication link between Pinugay Earth Station,
Philippines and Mt. Fucino Earth Station, Italy is to be established.
If the assigned uplink frequency at Pinugay Earth Station is 6175
MHz, what is the downlink frequency at Mt. Fucino Earth Station,
in MHz?
a. 4545
b. 3950
c. 3789
d. 4200

45. "The orbit of any planet is an ellipse with the sun at one focus".
This is
a. Kepler's First Law
b. Kepler's Second Law
c. Kepler's Third Law
d. Law of universal Gravitation

46. When a satellite orbits in the opposite direction as the earth's
rotation with an angular velocity less than that of the earth
a. Orbital
b. Prograde
c. Retrograde
d. Geostationary

47. The actual user information conveyed through the satellite system
a. Bus transmission
b. Payload
c. Prograde
d. Retrograde

48. The spatial separation between geosynchronous satellites
a. 1-3 degrees
b. 3-6 degrees
c. 6-8 degrees
d. 8-10 degrees

49. The footprint which covers a very small geographical area.
a. Spot coverage
b. Zonal coverage
c. Earth coverage
d. Regional coverage

50. The satellite frequency reuse method which sends different
information signals using vertical or horizontal electromagnetic
polarization
a. Multiple coverage areas
b. Dual polarization
c. Spatial separation
d. Spread spectrum

51. __________ detects the satellite signal relayed from the feed and
converts it to an electric current, amplifies and lower its frequency.
a. Feedhorn
b. Satellite dish
c. Satellite receiver
d. LNA

52. Satellites used for intercontinental communications are known as
a. Comsat
b. Domsat
c. Marisat
d. Intelsat

53. What is the basic function of a communications satellite?
a. To act as a receiving antenna for broadcast FM
b. To compensate for the antenna limitations
c. To eliminate aerodynamic drag
d. To act as a receiving antenna for broadcast AM

54. What do you call of a satellite used to provide satellite services
within a single country?
a. Orbital satellite
b. Geostationary satellite
c. Non-synchronous satellite
d. Domestic satellite

55. A satellite beam that covers almost 42.5% of the earth's surface.
a. Zone beam
b. Hemispheric beam
c. Spot beam
d. Global beam
56. The first Philippine satellite has how many channels?
a. 30
b. 24
c. 48
d. 50

57. Aguila I has how many transponders?
a. 36
b. 48
c. 24
d. 12

58. How many satellite orbital slots were requested by the Philippine
Government from ITU?
a. 2
b. 4
c. 6
d. 8

59. The most common device used as an LNA is
a. Zener diode
b. Tunnel diode
c. IMPATT diode
d. Shockley diode

60. The radiation patterns of earth coverage antennas have a
beamwidth of approximately
a. 21degrees
b. 5 degrees
c. 17 degrees
d. 35 degrees

61. The main power sources for satellites are
a. Batteries
b. Solar cells
c. Fuel cells
d. Thermoelectric generators

62. What is the common up-converter and down-converter IF?
a. 36 MHz
b. 40 MHz
c. 70 MHz
d. 500 MHz

63. When the satellites are spaced 4 degrees of the 360 degrees
complete circle, how many parking spaces or orbit slots are
available?
a. 90
b. 85
c. 95
d. 80
MITRC REFRESHER COURSE MITRC REFRESHER COURSE MITRC REFRESHER COURSE MITRC REFRESHER COURSE ANSWER KEY Satellite Communications


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64. The first satellite launched for a geosynchronous orbit but
unfortunately lost during orbit injection.
a. Syncom I
b. Telstar I
c. Sputnik I
d. Early Bird

65. Geostationary satellites are located _______ with respect to the
equator.
a. 0 deg longitude
b. 0 deg latitude
c. 90 deg latitude
d. 45 deg latitude

66. Incidentally proposed the geostationary scheme or orbit of
satellites in 1940's.
a. Clarke
b. Gauss
c. Morse
d. Gray

67. The control routine necessary to keep the satellite in position is
referred to as
a. Station keeping
b. Station tracking
c. Station monitoring
d. Station maintenance

68. A satellite which simply reflects the signal without further
amplification.
a. Passive
b. Active
c. Geostationary
d. Posigrade

69. What is the line joining the ascending and descending nodes
through the center of the earth?
a. Line of apsides
b. Line of nodes
c. Line of shoot
d. Line of sight

70. The line joining the perigee and apogee through the center of the
earth.
a. Line of sight
b. Line of nodes
c. Equatorial belt
d. Line of apsides