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1. When was the first complete sentence ever transmitted by the
telephone?
a. 1860
b. 1876
c. 1892
d. 1905

2. Who invented the first practical system for the electrical switching
of calls installed in 1892?
a. Bell
b. Watson
c. Edison
d. Strowger

3. What part of the conventional telephone set the transmitter and
receiver unit are located?
a. Dial
b. Base
c. Keypad
d. Handset

4. The type of transmitter widely used in the conventional telephone
set
a. Carbon
b. Ceramic
c. Piezoelectric
d. Electromagnetic

5. Who invented the first carbon type transmitter?
a. Bell
b. Watson
c. Gray
d. Edison

6. The type of receiver widely used in the conventional telephone set
a. Electromagnetic
b. Ceramic
c. Carbon
d. Piezoelectric

7. How many unique tones are used for the 12-key dial-tone multi
frequency keypad?
a. 2
b. 4
c. 7
d. 12

8. In the telephone unit, what is produced when the balancing
network in a hybrid circuit is intentionally unbalanced slightly so
that the small amount of transmitted signal is fed to the receiver of
the talking phone?
a. Dial tone
b. Side tone
c. Echo
d. Singing

9. The type of dialing possible for telephone set with rotary dial.
a. Tone dialing
b. Pulse dialing
c. Loop dialing
d. e&m dialing

10. DTMF stands for
a. Digital telephone multimode function
b. Dual tone multifrequency
c. Dialing time made faster
d. Data transmission multiplex filter

11. The signal heard on the telephone line that indicates readiness of
the central office in receiving address or telephone number
a. Dial tone
b. Ringing tone
c. Busy tone
d. Congestion tone

12. The signal heard on the telephone line which indicates that the
called subscriber sets is in use
a. Dial tone
b. Ringing tone
c. Busy tone
d. Congestion tone

13. Dial tone, busy tone and ring back tone are examples of _____
signal.
a. Supervision
b. Address
c. Musical
d. Digital

14. Request for service from the telephone is detected at the Central
Office as
a. Dial pulses
b. Ringing signal
c. Flow of loop current
d. Battery reversal

15. The maximum length for 1300-ohm signaling or loop resistance
using AWG 26 wire with 133.9 ohms per kilometer
a. 5.2 km
b. 4.7 km
c. 7.5 km
d. 9.7 km

16. With attenuation loss limits at 6 dB, what it the length of cable
using gauge 26 with attenuation loss of 1.61 dB per kilometer?
a. 1.3 km
b. 2.5 km
c. 3.7 km
d. 4.9 km

17. The attenuation loss limit of the subscriber loop is set at 6dB. What
is the maximum length if a 26H88 loading coil with an attenuation
of 0.80 dB per kilometer is added?
a. 1.5 km
b. 3.5 km
c. 5.5 km
d. 7.5 km

18. The first number of the loaded cable designation 19H44 indicates
a. Spacing
b. Coil inductance
c. Wire gauge
d. Attenuation

19. The letter of the loaded cable designation 24B88 indicates
a. Spacing
b. Coil inductance
c. Wire gauge
d. Attenuation

20. The last two digit of the loaded cable designation 22E66 indicates
a. Spacing
b. Coil inductance
c. Wire gauge
d. Attenuation

21. The Strowger or step-by-step system falls under what type of
switching control system?
a. Manual
b. Progressive
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c. Common
d. Automatic

22. What type of control system Crossbar switches are operating?
a. Manual
b. Progressive
c. Common
d. Automatic

23. The kind of telephone system that require the incoming analog
signals to be converted to PCM words before being switched
a. Analog system
b. Digital system
c. Step-by-step
d. Crossbar system

24. A switching network capable of providing a path from every inlet
link to every outlet link in the absence of traffic
a. Concentration
b. Blocking
c. Full availability switch
d. Crosspoint

25. The inability to interconnect two idle lines connected to a switching
network due to all possible paths are in use
a. Concentration
b. Blocking
c. Full availability
d. Crosspoint

26. Line finder switches are found in what kind of telephone system?
a. Step-by-step
b. Crossbar
c. Digital exchange
d. Mobile telephone system

27. In the telephone industry, BORSCHT functions are performed by
a. Subscriber line interface
b. Crosspoint matrix
c. Switching network
d. Connector switch

28. BORSCHT stands for
a. Battery, over-voltage protection, ringing, supervision,
coding, hybrid and testing
b. Battery, on-hook, regulator, surge protect, circuit, hybrid and
test
c. Name of a leading manufacturer of telephone system
d. Acronym for the developers of computer

29. The location where all subscriber lines are terminated and
switching equipment facility is installed
a. Central office
b. Toll office
c. Gate way
d. Tandem

30. A series of numbers dialed from the telephone in order to use the
telecom service such as direct distance dialing
a. Zip code
b. Access code
c. Address
d. Exchange code

31. The three-digit code used in long distance dialing that is assigned
to toll center
a. Zip code
b. Area code
c. Exchange code
d. Country code

32. The three digits following the area code
a. Zip code
b. Bar code
c. Exchange code
d. Country code

33. Generically refers to any switching system owner or leased by a
business or organization to provide both internal switching function
and access to the PSTN
a. Private branch exchange
b. Public telephone carrier
c. Local exchange carrier
d. Inter-exchange carrier

34. The point where signals are conveyed from one
telecommunication network of a telecom operator to another
a. Point of interconnection
b. Signal transfer point
c. Originating point
d. Point-to-point

35. A private line communications channel of the type provided by
communication common carrier for linking two or more points
together
a. Party line
b. Tie line
c. DID line
d. Trunk line

36. The class of exchange with the primary function is to connect
between central offices when a direct trunk is not available
a. Local
b. Gate way
c. Toll
d. Tandem

37. That part of central office or local exchange which refers to all
cables and wires extending outward including supporting
structures and associated apparatus connected to the subscriber
telephone
a. Outside plant
b. Power plant
c. Inside plant
d. Tandem

38. Trunk signaling within the operative voice-band spectrum
a. In band
b. Out of band
c. Channel associated
d. Common channel

39. Type of channel signaling where signal travels with the voice
channel
a. In band
b. Out of band
c. Channel associated
d. Common channel

40. Type of channel signaling where a completely independent
channel carry signals of many traffic channels
a. In band
b. Out band
c. Channel associated
d. Common channel

41. Transmission term corresponding to E & M signals
a. 2 wire
b. 4 wire
c. 8 wire
d. 16 wire
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42. E & M stands for
a. Ear and mouth
b. Encode and match
c. Electricity and magnetism
d. Expander and multiplexer

43. E & M is for interoffice trunk while _____ is for subscriber line
a. Loop
b. 4 wire
c. Tone
d. Data

44. It is the means of transferring line or network related control
information between telephone and central office or between
central office
a. Signaling
b. Dialing
c. Switching
d. Multiplexing

45. A common channel signaling system for use between stored
program controlled exchanges, designed for use in digital
environment
a. Signaling system no. 4
b. Signaling system no. 5
c. Signaling system no. 6
d. Signaling system no. 7

46. To interconnect system of different characteristics by resolving
their incompatibilities
a. Boundary
b. Interface
c. Converter
d. End office

47. Sampling theorem states that the rate of sampling must at least be
_____ the highest frequency component
a. Half
b. Twice
c. Equal
d. Ten times

48. Sampling theorem is also known as
a. Shannon
b. Nyquist
c. Norton
d. Thevenin

49. A process in which more than one signal at a time is translated
over a signal link, route or channel
a. Synchronization
b. Multiplexing
c. Concentration
d. Encoding

50. The modulation technique where signals are sampled periodically
and each sample is quantized and transmitted as a digital binary
code
a. TDM
b. PCM
c. PAM
d. PPM

51. What multiplexing technique is used in PCM?
a. TDM
b. PCM
c. PAM
d. PPM

52. Geographic area in which telephone services, numbering
assignments and rates are the same
a. Exchange area
b. City block
c. Regional area
d. Country

53. When a modulation signal is periodically sampled, a _____ wave is
produced
a. TDM
b. PCM
c. PAM
d. PPM

54. What is the sampling rate used in PCM
a. 3.4 kHz
b. 4.0 kHz
c. 8.0 kHz
d. 64 kHz

55. The process of assigning discrete value to a PAM signals in PCM
a. Sampling
b. Quantization
c. Equalization
d. Multiplexing

56. Continuous one hour period which has the maximum average
traffic intensity
a. Busy hour
b. Traffic quantity
c. Grade of service
d. Erlang

57. The aggregate engagement time or occupancy time of one or
more traffic paths
a. Busy hour
b. Traffic quantity
c. Grade of service
d. Erlang

58. A measure of the probability that a call offered to a group of trunks
or circuits will fail to find idle circuit at the first attempt
a. Busy hour
b. Traffic quantity
c. Grade of service
d. Erlang

59. The consultative body with the primary purpose of promoting
compatibility between communications practices and performance
standards of various nations in the field of telephony and
telegraphy
a. CCITT
b. CCIR
c. FCC
d. IEEE

60. Using a cellular phone outside your home service area
a. Long Distance Communications
b. Roaming
c. Global Communications
d. Jamming

61. What is the meaning of AMPS which is the standard for analog
cellular telephones?
a. Advanced Mobile Phone Service
b. Automatic Mobile Phone System
c. Analog Mobile Passband System
d. Amplitude Mixing Phone Standard

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62. The time spent on a cellular phone which is usually billed to the
subscriber on a per minute system.
a. Time division system
b. Airtime
c. Duration
d. Interval

63. Channel is known as the width of the spectrum band taken up by a
radio signal which is measured in kilohertz (kHz). What is the width
of the channel used by most analog cellular phones?
a. 50 kHz
b. 60 kHz
c. 40 kHz
d. 30 kHz

64. A digital technology that uses a low power signal spread across a
wide bandwidth. With this technology, a phone call is assigned a
code instead of a certain frequency. Using the identifying code and
a low power signal, a large number of callers can use the same
group of channels.
a. Time Division Multiple Access
b. Pulse Code Division Multiplexing
c. Pulse Multiple Access
d. Code Division Multiple Access

65. A central computer that connects a cellular phone call to the public
telephone network. It controls the entire system’s operation,
including monitoring calls, billing and handoffs.
a. Personal Communications Services
b. Wide Area Network Computer
c. Mobile Telephone Switching Office
d. International Standards Organization


66. What is the meaning of IS-54 which is the dual mode (analog and
digital cellular standard in North America? In the analog mode, this
conforms to the Advanced Mobile Phone Service.
a. Interim Standard Number 54
b. International Standard Number 54
c. Integrated Systems Number 54
d. Industry Standard Number 54

67. A phone that operates on both analog and digital networks.
a. Dual system
b. Coupled system
c. Paired-mode system
d. Dual-mode system

68. The geographic area by a single low-power transmitter/receiver. It
categorizes a cellular system’s service area.
a. Channel
b. Service area
c. Site
d. Cell

69. Radio frequencies assigned in one channel in a cellular system are
limited to boundaries of a signal cell because of their low power.
The carrier is free to use the frequencies again in other cells in the
system without causing interference. What do you call this
method?
a. Frequency assignment
b. Channel utilization
c. Frequency reuse
d. Optimum frequency assignment

70. A loosely defined future universal telecommunications service that
will allow “anytime, anywhere” voice and data communication with
personal communication devices.
a. Personal Communications System
b. Universal Telephone Service
c. Personal Handy Phone
d. Nationwide Communication Services

71. A special fee that local telephone companies are allowed to charge
all telephone customers for the right to connect with the local
phone network.
a. Airtime fee
b. Access fee
c. Connection fee
d. Mandatory fee

72. A means of increasing the capacity of a cellular system by
subdividing or splitting cells into two or more smaller cells.
a. Spectrum allocation
b. Cell allocation
c. Channel splitting
d. Cell splitting

73. A process that provides security for wireless information.
Information is encoded so that it can be ready by a device with a
matching decoding procedure.
a. Wireless decoder
b. Cellular decoder
c. Encryption
d. Decoder

74. An important safety feature that’s included with most of today’s car
phones. It permits the driver to use his cellular car phone without
lifting or holding the handset to his ear.
a. Hands-free
b. Hands-off
c. Handy phone
d. Safety phone

75. A cellular phone feature that automatically blows the car’s horn if a
call comes in, alerting the recipient standing nearby.
a. Alert mode
b. Warning horn
c. Call horn
d. Alert mode

76. An important feature of a cellular phone subscribing of a voice mail
which indicates a light or other indicator announcing that a phone
call came in.
a. Alert mode
b. Call alert
c. Message alert
d. Voice mail alert

77. A sophisticated service provided by a cellular carrier that
automatically transfers an incoming cellular call to another phone
number if the cellular subscriber is unable to answer.
a. Call forwarding
b. Call transfer
c. Call waiting
d. No-answer transfer

78. The periods of time during which the carriers offer discounted
airtime charges, usually available after 10 p.m. and before 6 a.m.,
on weekends and holidays.
a. Night time
b. Lean time
c. Off-peak
d. peak

79. The standard cellular antenna for a car which prefers to the spring-
like section in the lower third of the antenna known as a phasing
coil.
a. Pigtail antenna
b. Omnidirectional antenna
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c. Whip antenna
d. Flexible antenna

80. The type of cellular phone which is installed in a car or truck. This
unit is attached to the vehicle, draws its power from the vehicle’s
battery and has an external antenna.
a. Mobile or car phone
b. Portable
c. Electronic phone
d. Enhanced cellular phone

81. A protected database that holds a copy of the secret key stored in
each subscriber’s SIM card
a. HLR
b. VLR
c. AuC
d. EIR
82. The time which a cellular subscriber uses a carrier’s service
charged per unit time of call
a. Talk time
b. Air time
c. Stand-by time
d. Hand off time

83. The Subscriber’s Identity Module (SIM) Card for GSM contains a/n
_____ number that identifies the user to the network along with
other user and security information.
a. IMEI
b. IMSI
c. ESN
d. MIN

84. The modulation technique in cellular communications wherein
each message is assigned with a frequency, which is unique to a
particular cell.
a. NBFM
b. NBDT
c. PCM
d. Modem

85. A channel used for the transmission of supervisory information
from a cell site to a mobile station or vice versa.
a. Speech
b. Control
c. Common
d. Voice

86. The database for good and known IMEI’s
a. White
b. Black
c. Grey
d. red

87. A means of increasing the capacity of a cellular system by
subdividing cells into two or more smaller cells.
a. Spectrum allocation
b. Cell allocation
c. Channel splitting
d. Cell splitting
88. A database used for management of mobile subscriber.
a. HLR
b. VLR
c. MSC
d. EIR
89. The following are the supervisory audio tones used in cellular
phones except
a. 5970 Hz
b. 6000 Hz
c. 6030 Hz
d. 3925 Hz
90. A special signal tone that is transmitted to the cell site to free the
voice channel when the mobile terminates a cell.
a. 10 KHz
b. 20 KHz
c. 30 KHz
d. 25 KHz
91. In the CDMA Cellular technology, the signal meant for a given user
is tagged with a distinctive _____ pattern that only the user’s
receiver can recognize.
a. PIN Code
b. PN Code
c. SIM
d. IMSI
92. In a Cellular network, if you split a cell originally containing a
maximum of 20 channels into two cells, the theoretical total
channel capacity is
a. 10
b. 20
c. 30
d. 40
93. In wireless communications, a radio channel consists of _____
frequencies within the RF spectrum, which allow a cell site and a
wireless phone to transmit and receive signals simultaneously.
a. 2
b. 3
c. 4
d. 5
94. A GSM security measure which is designed to prevent
eavesdropping of user data on the radio path
a. IMSI
b. TMSI
c. IMEI
d. MSRN
95. The uplink frequency range for GSM900
a. 935 – 960 MHZ
b. 890 – 915 MHz
c. 935 – 960 MHz
d. 890 – 915 MHz
96. The geographic area served a single-power transmitter/receiver. It
categorizes a cellular system’s service area.
a. Channel
b. Service area
c. Site
d. cell
97. Best described as an amplifier used in radio telephony.
a. Class A
b. Class B
c. Class C
d. Magnifier
98. This is the Nordic analog mobile radio telephone system originally
used in Scandinavia.
a. NMT
b. GSM
c. PCN
d. PCS
99. It is a one-way wireless messaging which allows continuous
accessibility to someone away from the wired communications
network.
a. Paging
b. Trunked Radio
c. Cellular Telephony
d. Text Messaging
100. The following are parts of the Trunked Radio System except
a. Channels
b. Central controller
c. Antenna and tower
d. 48 volts power supply