# MITRC REFRESHER COURSE MITRC REFRESHER COURSE MITRC REFRESHER COURSE MITRC REFRESHER COURSE ANSWER KEY ANSWER

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1. A system of conductors used to convey electric power or signal
between two or more points
a. Channels
b. Optical cables
c. Transmission lines
d. Waveguides

2. These conductors are uniformly spaced by insulators. They have
low losses at low and medium frequencies and are economical to
construct and maintained
a. Coaxial cables
b. Open-wire transmission lines
c. Optical cables
d. Waveguides

3. To prevent radiation losses and interference from external
sources, the inner conductor of this transmission line is completely
enclosed with a metal sheath or braid
a. Coaxial cables
b. Open-wire transmission line
c. Optical cables
d. Waveguides

4. The term “balance line” means that
a. Both conductors carry currents that flow in opposite directors
b. Conductors present equal capacitance to ground
c. One conductor is connected to ground
d. A and B above

5. The characteristic impedance of a transmission line is determined
by:
a. Its operating frequency
b. Its length
c. Its physical size and arrangement
d. The signal applied at the input terminal

6. The distributed parameters of the transmission line are: the series
resistance; the series inductance; the shunt capacitance and the
shunt conductance. What parameter was determined due to
dielectric losses?
a. Series resistance
b. Series inductance
c. Shunt capacitance
d. Shunt conductance

7. Shunt capacitance was determined due to:
a. Conductors were closed to each other
b. The length and diameter of the conductors
c. Dielectric losses

8. Series resistance was determined due to:
a. Conductors were closed to each other
b. The length and diameter of the conductors
c. Dielectric losses

9. At radio frequencies, a line is considered lossless because:
a. Characteristic impedance is determined by its physical
structure
b. Inductive reactance is much more than the resistance
c. Capacitive reactance is much larger then the shunt
conductance
d. B and C above

10. Determine the characteristic impedance of a transmission line
which has a capacitance of 30pF/m and an inductance of 75nH/m
a. 5 Ω
b. 50 Ω
c. 500 Ω
d. 5 KΩ

11. The characteristic impedance of an open-wire balance line is
determined from its physical structure. [ Zo = 276 log (2S/d) where
S is the center-to-center distance of the conductors and d is the
diameter of the conductor ]. At what condition is the characteristic
impedance minimum?
a. S = d
b. S = 2d
c. d = 2S
d. S >> d

12. If a change in the dielectric material decreases the capacitance,
the characteristic impedance is:
a. Kept constant
b. Decreased
c. Increased
d. Halved

13. All power applied at the input of the line will be absorbed by the
a. ZO > ZL
b. ZO < ZL
c. ZL = ZO
d. ZO = ZL

14. When ZL ≠ ZO, the power sent down the line toward the load is
called the
a. The incident power
b. The reflected power
c. The power dissipation
d. The carrier power

15. When mismatch is great, this power actually cause damage to the
transmitter or the line itself.
a. The incident power
b. The reflected power
c. The power dissipation
d. The carrier power

16. A resultant wave due to the combination of incident and reflected
wave
a. Electromagnetic wave
b. Sine wave
c. Standing wave
d. Current

17. If the load impedance matches the characteristic impedance of the
line, there are _____ standing waves
a. More
b. Less
c. No
d. Ten (10)

18. A measure of the mismatch between line and load impedance is
called as
a. Reflection coefficient
b. Standing wave ratio
c. Loss
d. Standing waves

19. At matched condition, SWR is equal to
a. Zero
b. One
c. 100
d. Infinite

20. The ratio of the reflected voltage to the incident voltage on the
transmission line is termed as
a. Reflection coefficient
b. Standing wave ratio

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c. Loss
d. Standing waves

21. A shorted or opened line will have a reflection coefficient of
a. Zero
b. One
c. 100
d. Infinite

22. The minimum voltage along a transmission line is 260V, while the
maximum voltage is 390V. The SWR is
a. 0.67
b. 1.0
c. 1.2
d. 1.5

23. At UHF and microwave frequencies, transmission lines are
commonly used as
a. Antenna
b. Coupler
c. Resonant circuit
d. Transformer

24. The time required for a wave to propagate on a transmission line
will depend on the value of its
a. Series resistance and shunt conductance
b. Series inductance and shunt capacitance
c. Series resistance and series inductance
d. Shunt conductance and shunt capacitance

25. The current (and voltage) distribution along a matched line vary
_____ with distance
a. Linearly
b. Inversely
c. Exponentially
d. Logarithmically

26. a measure of how the voltage or current decreases with distance
along the line
a. Propagation constant
b. Attenuation constant
c. Phase constant
d. SWR

27. The value remains constant for any length of wire
a. Characteristic impedance
b. Inductance
c. Capacitance
d. Propagation constant

28. A measure of the difference in phase between the input and output
current or voltage
a. Attenuation constant
b. Reflection constant
c. Phase constant
d. Characteristic impedance

29. To match a 300Ω transmission line to a 100Ω load, the impedance
of the quarter-wave transformer is
a. 1.732 KΩ
b. 20 Ω
c. 200 Ω
d. 173.21 Ω

30. An attenuation of 1 Neper is equal to _____ dB
a. 8.686 x 10
-3

b. 8.686
c. 4.343
d. 0.115

31. Characteristic impedance and load impedance must be matched in
order to transfer
a. Maximum power to the load
b. Maximum current to the load
c. Maximum voltage to the load
d. Maximum standing waves

32. The ratio of reflected voltage to the forward or incident voltage is
termed as
a. Reflection coefficient
b. SWR
c. VSWR
d. Propagation constant

33. A more common method of expressing the degree of mismatch
between Zo and ZL is return loss. [Return Loss = 20 log (1/
reflection coefficient)]. Echoes may result if return loss is
a. Too high
b. Too low
c. Zero
d. Infinite

34. The points along the line where the incident and reflected voltages
are in phase are points of
a. Maximum voltage and maximum current
b. Minimum voltage and minimum current
c. Maximum voltage and minimum current
d. Minimum voltage and maximum current

35. When incident and reflected voltages are out of phase, the
voltages are
b. Neutralized
c. Multiplied
d. Divided

36. If the distance of separation between centers of two parallel wires
is increased, the characteristic impedance will
a. Increased
b. Decreased
c. Be the same
d. Doubled

37. Which statement is true?
a. Increasing the length of the wire will increase the SWR
b. Decreasing the length of the wire will increase the SWR
c. Increasing the length of the wire will decrease the SWR
d. Changing the length of the wire will have no effect on the
SWR

38. The characteristic impedance of balance wire varies from
a. 150 to 600 Ω
b. 40 to 150 Ω
c. 75 to 400 Ω
d. 75 to 600 Ω

39. The characteristic impedance of coaxial cable varies from
a. 150 to 600 Ω
b. 40 to 150 Ω
c. 75 to 400 Ω
d. 75 to 600 Ω

40. Often inserted in telephone lines at spacing as close as 1 (1.6km),
to counteract the capacitance of the line and thus make the line
impedance more closely equivalent to a pure resistance
a. Amplifiers
b. Transformer
c. Equalizer

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41. When the receiving end of the wire is an open circuit, it is a point of
a. Maximum current and zero voltage
b. Maximum voltage and zero current
c. Zero current and zero voltage
d. Maximum voltage and maximum current

42. If a wire is terminated on a short circuit, the end of the wire is a
point of
a. Maximum current and zero voltage
b. Maximum voltage and zero current
c. Zero current and zero voltage
d. Maximum voltage and maximum current

43. The principal method of reducing noise and crosstalk to low value
on open-wire lines
a. Filter method
b. Scrambling
c. Feedback
d. Transposing

44. Used for VHF antennas
a. RG-214/U
b. RG-59/U
c. RG-11/U
d. RG-58/U

45. Which transmission line has the highest attenuation?
a. RG-214/U
b. RG-59/U
c. RG-11/U

46. Which transmission line has the lowest attenuation?
a. RG-214/U
b. RG-59/U
c. RG-11/U

47. A widely used transmission line, in which two stranded wires are
separated by a flat continuous plastic insulators
a. RG-214/U
b. RG-59/U
c. RG-11/U

48. Used for TV antennas; cable TV; and HF antennas
a. RG-214/U
b. RG-59/U
c. RG-11/U
d. RG-58/U

49. An open-wire line has an attenuation of 2.4 dB per 100 ft. The
attenuation for 275 ft is
a. 2.4 dB
b. 3.3 dB
c. 4.8 dB
d. 6.6 dB

50. The ratio of velocity of propagation in the transmission line and the
velocity of propagation in free space
a. Wavelength constant
b. Propagation constant
c. Velocity factor
d. Velocity of light

51. This transmission line is used in microwave circuit. It consists of a
narrow, flat conductor sandwiched between dielectric boards
whose outside surfaces are coated with conductor
a. Stripline
b. Microstrip
c. Waveguide
d. Coax

52. Is a narrow, flat conductor on a single dielectric board whose
opposite face is metallized, much like an ordinary printed-circuit
board. It is also used in microwave circuits
a. Stripline
b. Microstrip
c. Waveguide
d. Coax

53. Can be placed at either end of a transmission line to convert
between 72-Ω unbalanced line to a 300-Ω balance line
a. Stub
b. Resonant circuit
c. Balun
d. Coupler

54. Power loss due to increased effective resistance of a conductor at
microwave frequencies due to skin effect.
a. Conduction loss
c. Dielectric loss
d. Corona

55. When does a transmission line terminated in a short look like a
short to the source?
a. At quarter-wavelength
b. At half-wavelength
c. At less than λ/5
d. At less than λ/4

56. How many cycles of a 1 MHz wave can a 6=mile transmission line
accommodate?
a. 60 cycles
b. 6 cycles
c. 16.67 cycles
d. 32.26 cycles

57. A transmission line has a capacitance of 25 pF / ft. and an
inductance of 0.15 µh / ft. Determine the characteristic impedance
of the line.
a. 77.5 Ω
b. 50 Ω
c. 75 Ω
d. 100 Ω

58. For a transmission line giving a maximum rms voltage reading of
50 V at one point and a minimum rms voltage reading 25 V at
another point. What is the VSWR of the line?
a. 2
b. 4
c. 1
d. 5

59. Two 2-mm-diameter wires held 6cm apart center-to-center has a
characteristic impedance of______.
a. 500 Ω
b. 250 Ω
c. 491 Ω
d. 75 Ω

60. Does minimum or maximum VSWR indicate best matching of
antenna to transmission line?
a. Minimum
b. Maximum
c. Either a or b
d. Neither a or b

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61. If two towers of a 1100-kHz array are separated by 120°, What is
the tower separation in feet?
a. 321
b. 48
c. 298
d. 412

62. What is the reflection coefficient of an open-circuited transmission
line?
a. 1
b. -1
c. 0
d. Infinity

63. The reflection coefficient on a transmission line is 1/3, what is the
SWR?
a. 0
b. 3
c. 2
d. 4

64. Indicate the false statement. The SWR on a transmission line is
infinity: the line is terminated in a/an
a. Short circuit
b. Open circuit
c. Pure reactance
d. Complex impedance

65. Coaxial lines are used on those systems operating_______.
a. Below 2 GHz
b. At 300 MHz
c. Above 10 kHz
d. Above 10 Ghz

66. What is the SWR along a transmission line having a characteristic
impedance of 75 Ω and a load impedance of 300 Ω?
a. 0.25
b. 4
c. 2
d. 0.5

67. Who developed the Smith Chart?
a. Philip H. Smith
b. James N. Smith
c. Philip S. Chart
d. Gunn Chart

68. An electronic equipment used to measure standing wave ratio.
a. Reflectometer
b. Wavemeter
c. Altimeter
d. Multimeter

69. What is the phase shift corresponding to λ / 4 in standing wave
pattern?
a. 0°
b. 40°
c. 90°
d. 180°

70. For a parallel resonant circuit, a λ / 4 stub must be_____ at the
ends.
a. Open
b. Shorted