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**KEY ANSWER KEY ANSWER KEY Transmission Lines
**

1

1. A system of conductors used to convey electric power or signal

between two or more points

a. Channels

b. Optical cables

c. Transmission lines

d. Waveguides

2. These conductors are uniformly spaced by insulators. They have

low losses at low and medium frequencies and are economical to

construct and maintained

a. Coaxial cables

b. Open-wire transmission lines

c. Optical cables

d. Waveguides

3. To prevent radiation losses and interference from external

sources, the inner conductor of this transmission line is completely

enclosed with a metal sheath or braid

a. Coaxial cables

b. Open-wire transmission line

c. Optical cables

d. Waveguides

4. The term “balance line” means that

a. Both conductors carry currents that flow in opposite directors

b. Conductors present equal capacitance to ground

c. One conductor is connected to ground

d. A and B above

5. The characteristic impedance of a transmission line is determined

by:

a. Its operating frequency

b. Its length

c. Its physical size and arrangement

d. The signal applied at the input terminal

6. The distributed parameters of the transmission line are: the series

resistance; the series inductance; the shunt capacitance and the

shunt conductance. What parameter was determined due to

dielectric losses?

a. Series resistance

b. Series inductance

c. Shunt capacitance

d. Shunt conductance

7. Shunt capacitance was determined due to:

a. Conductors were closed to each other

b. The length and diameter of the conductors

c. Dielectric losses

d. Flux linkage

8. Series resistance was determined due to:

a. Conductors were closed to each other

b. The length and diameter of the conductors

c. Dielectric losses

d. Flux linkages

9. At radio frequencies, a line is considered lossless because:

a. Characteristic impedance is determined by its physical

structure

b. Inductive reactance is much more than the resistance

c. Capacitive reactance is much larger then the shunt

conductance

d. B and C above

10. Determine the characteristic impedance of a transmission line

which has a capacitance of 30pF/m and an inductance of 75nH/m

a. 5 Ω

b. 50 Ω

c. 500 Ω

d. 5 KΩ

11. The characteristic impedance of an open-wire balance line is

determined from its physical structure. [ Zo = 276 log (2S/d) where

S is the center-to-center distance of the conductors and d is the

diameter of the conductor ]. At what condition is the characteristic

impedance minimum?

a. S = d

b. S = 2d

c. d = 2S

d. S >> d

12. If a change in the dielectric material decreases the capacitance,

the characteristic impedance is:

a. Kept constant

b. Decreased

c. Increased

d. Halved

13. All power applied at the input of the line will be absorbed by the

load if:

a. ZO > ZL

b. ZO < ZL

c. ZL = ZO

d. ZO = ZL

14. When ZL ≠ ZO, the power sent down the line toward the load is

called the

a. The incident power

b. The reflected power

c. The power dissipation

d. The carrier power

15. When mismatch is great, this power actually cause damage to the

transmitter or the line itself.

a. The incident power

b. The reflected power

c. The power dissipation

d. The carrier power

16. A resultant wave due to the combination of incident and reflected

wave

a. Electromagnetic wave

b. Sine wave

c. Standing wave

d. Current

17. If the load impedance matches the characteristic impedance of the

line, there are _____ standing waves

a. More

b. Less

c. No

d. Ten (10)

18. A measure of the mismatch between line and load impedance is

called as

a. Reflection coefficient

b. Standing wave ratio

c. Loss

d. Standing waves

19. At matched condition, SWR is equal to

a. Zero

b. One

c. 100

d. Infinite

20. The ratio of the reflected voltage to the incident voltage on the

transmission line is termed as

a. Reflection coefficient

b. Standing wave ratio

MITRC REFRESHER COURSE MITRC REFRESHER COURSE MITRC REFRESHER COURSE MITRC REFRESHER COURSE ANSWER KEY ANSWER KEY ANSWER KEY ANSWER KEY Transmission Lines

2

c. Loss

d. Standing waves

21. A shorted or opened line will have a reflection coefficient of

a. Zero

b. One

c. 100

d. Infinite

22. The minimum voltage along a transmission line is 260V, while the

maximum voltage is 390V. The SWR is

a. 0.67

b. 1.0

c. 1.2

d. 1.5

23. At UHF and microwave frequencies, transmission lines are

commonly used as

a. Antenna

b. Coupler

c. Resonant circuit

d. Transformer

24. The time required for a wave to propagate on a transmission line

will depend on the value of its

a. Series resistance and shunt conductance

b. Series inductance and shunt capacitance

c. Series resistance and series inductance

d. Shunt conductance and shunt capacitance

25. The current (and voltage) distribution along a matched line vary

_____ with distance

a. Linearly

b. Inversely

c. Exponentially

d. Logarithmically

26. a measure of how the voltage or current decreases with distance

along the line

a. Propagation constant

b. Attenuation constant

c. Phase constant

d. SWR

27. The value remains constant for any length of wire

a. Characteristic impedance

b. Inductance

c. Capacitance

d. Propagation constant

28. A measure of the difference in phase between the input and output

current or voltage

a. Attenuation constant

b. Reflection constant

c. Phase constant

d. Characteristic impedance

29. To match a 300Ω transmission line to a 100Ω load, the impedance

of the quarter-wave transformer is

a. 1.732 KΩ

b. 20 Ω

c. 200 Ω

d. 173.21 Ω

30. An attenuation of 1 Neper is equal to _____ dB

a. 8.686 x 10

-3

b. 8.686

c. 4.343

d. 0.115

31. Characteristic impedance and load impedance must be matched in

order to transfer

a. Maximum power to the load

b. Maximum current to the load

c. Maximum voltage to the load

d. Maximum standing waves

32. The ratio of reflected voltage to the forward or incident voltage is

termed as

a. Reflection coefficient

b. SWR

c. VSWR

d. Propagation constant

33. A more common method of expressing the degree of mismatch

between Zo and ZL is return loss. [Return Loss = 20 log (1/

reflection coefficient)]. Echoes may result if return loss is

a. Too high

b. Too low

c. Zero

d. Infinite

34. The points along the line where the incident and reflected voltages

are in phase are points of

a. Maximum voltage and maximum current

b. Minimum voltage and minimum current

c. Maximum voltage and minimum current

d. Minimum voltage and maximum current

35. When incident and reflected voltages are out of phase, the

voltages are

a. Added

b. Neutralized

c. Multiplied

d. Divided

36. If the distance of separation between centers of two parallel wires

is increased, the characteristic impedance will

a. Increased

b. Decreased

c. Be the same

d. Doubled

37. Which statement is true?

a. Increasing the length of the wire will increase the SWR

b. Decreasing the length of the wire will increase the SWR

c. Increasing the length of the wire will decrease the SWR

d. Changing the length of the wire will have no effect on the

SWR

38. The characteristic impedance of balance wire varies from

a. 150 to 600 Ω

b. 40 to 150 Ω

c. 75 to 400 Ω

d. 75 to 600 Ω

39. The characteristic impedance of coaxial cable varies from

a. 150 to 600 Ω

b. 40 to 150 Ω

c. 75 to 400 Ω

d. 75 to 600 Ω

40. Often inserted in telephone lines at spacing as close as 1 (1.6km),

to counteract the capacitance of the line and thus make the line

impedance more closely equivalent to a pure resistance

a. Amplifiers

b. Transformer

c. Equalizer

d. Loading coils

MITRC REFRESHER COURSE MITRC REFRESHER COURSE MITRC REFRESHER COURSE MITRC REFRESHER COURSE ANSWER KEY ANSWER KEY ANSWER KEY ANSWER KEY Transmission Lines

3

41. When the receiving end of the wire is an open circuit, it is a point of

a. Maximum current and zero voltage

b. Maximum voltage and zero current

c. Zero current and zero voltage

d. Maximum voltage and maximum current

42. If a wire is terminated on a short circuit, the end of the wire is a

point of

a. Maximum current and zero voltage

b. Maximum voltage and zero current

c. Zero current and zero voltage

d. Maximum voltage and maximum current

43. The principal method of reducing noise and crosstalk to low value

on open-wire lines

a. Filter method

b. Scrambling

c. Feedback

d. Transposing

44. Used for VHF antennas

a. RG-214/U

b. RG-59/U

c. RG-11/U

d. RG-58/U

45. Which transmission line has the highest attenuation?

a. RG-214/U

b. RG-59/U

c. RG-11/U

d. Twin lead

46. Which transmission line has the lowest attenuation?

a. RG-214/U

b. RG-59/U

c. RG-11/U

d. Twin lead

47. A widely used transmission line, in which two stranded wires are

separated by a flat continuous plastic insulators

a. RG-214/U

b. RG-59/U

c. RG-11/U

d. Twin lead

48. Used for TV antennas; cable TV; and HF antennas

a. RG-214/U

b. RG-59/U

c. RG-11/U

d. RG-58/U

49. An open-wire line has an attenuation of 2.4 dB per 100 ft. The

attenuation for 275 ft is

a. 2.4 dB

b. 3.3 dB

c. 4.8 dB

d. 6.6 dB

50. The ratio of velocity of propagation in the transmission line and the

velocity of propagation in free space

a. Wavelength constant

b. Propagation constant

c. Velocity factor

d. Velocity of light

51. This transmission line is used in microwave circuit. It consists of a

narrow, flat conductor sandwiched between dielectric boards

whose outside surfaces are coated with conductor

a. Stripline

b. Microstrip

c. Waveguide

d. Coax

52. Is a narrow, flat conductor on a single dielectric board whose

opposite face is metallized, much like an ordinary printed-circuit

board. It is also used in microwave circuits

a. Stripline

b. Microstrip

c. Waveguide

d. Coax

53. Can be placed at either end of a transmission line to convert

between 72-Ω unbalanced line to a 300-Ω balance line

a. Stub

b. Resonant circuit

c. Balun

d. Coupler

54. Power loss due to increased effective resistance of a conductor at

microwave frequencies due to skin effect.

a. Conduction loss

b. Radiation loss

c. Dielectric loss

d. Corona

55. When does a transmission line terminated in a short look like a

short to the source?

a. At quarter-wavelength

b. At half-wavelength

c. At less than λ/5

d. At less than λ/4

56. How many cycles of a 1 MHz wave can a 6=mile transmission line

accommodate?

a. 60 cycles

b. 6 cycles

c. 16.67 cycles

d. 32.26 cycles

57. A transmission line has a capacitance of 25 pF / ft. and an

inductance of 0.15 µh / ft. Determine the characteristic impedance

of the line.

a. 77.5 Ω

b. 50 Ω

c. 75 Ω

d. 100 Ω

58. For a transmission line giving a maximum rms voltage reading of

50 V at one point and a minimum rms voltage reading 25 V at

another point. What is the VSWR of the line?

a. 2

b. 4

c. 1

d. 5

59. Two 2-mm-diameter wires held 6cm apart center-to-center has a

characteristic impedance of______.

a. 500 Ω

b. 250 Ω

c. 491 Ω

d. 75 Ω

60. Does minimum or maximum VSWR indicate best matching of

antenna to transmission line?

a. Minimum

b. Maximum

c. Either a or b

d. Neither a or b

MITRC REFRESHER COURSE MITRC REFRESHER COURSE MITRC REFRESHER COURSE MITRC REFRESHER COURSE ANSWER KEY ANSWER KEY ANSWER KEY ANSWER KEY Transmission Lines

4

61. If two towers of a 1100-kHz array are separated by 120°, What is

the tower separation in feet?

a. 321

b. 48

c. 298

d. 412

62. What is the reflection coefficient of an open-circuited transmission

line?

a. 1

b. -1

c. 0

d. Infinity

63. The reflection coefficient on a transmission line is 1/3, what is the

SWR?

a. 0

b. 3

c. 2

d. 4

64. Indicate the false statement. The SWR on a transmission line is

infinity: the line is terminated in a/an

a. Short circuit

b. Open circuit

c. Pure reactance

d. Complex impedance

65. Coaxial lines are used on those systems operating_______.

a. Below 2 GHz

b. At 300 MHz

c. Above 10 kHz

d. Above 10 Ghz

66. What is the SWR along a transmission line having a characteristic

impedance of 75 Ω and a load impedance of 300 Ω?

a. 0.25

b. 4

c. 2

d. 0.5

67. Who developed the Smith Chart?

a. Philip H. Smith

b. James N. Smith

c. Philip S. Chart

d. Gunn Chart

68. An electronic equipment used to measure standing wave ratio.

a. Reflectometer

b. Wavemeter

c. Altimeter

d. Multimeter

69. What is the phase shift corresponding to λ / 4 in standing wave

pattern?

a. 0°

b. 40°

c. 90°

d. 180°

70. For a parallel resonant circuit, a λ / 4 stub must be_____ at the

ends.

a. Open

b. Shorted

c. Loaded

d. complex

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