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1. Redundancy means the ________
a. Transmission rate of the system
b. Symbols are to be repeated
c. Time between failures
d. Time between successes

2. The digital information is contained in both the amplitude and
phase of the modulated carrier.
a. PSK
b. FSK
c. QAM
d. ASK

3. The input signal is a binary digital signal and a limited number of
out put phases are possible.
a. PSK
b. FSK
c. QAM
d. ASK

4. A radio channel is composed of ___VB channels.
a. 1800
b. 900
c. 10800
d. 8064

5. What equation defines the composition of an ISDN basic access
line?
a. 2B + D
b. B + D
c. B + 2D
d. 2B + 2D

6. A digital network where voice, video, text and data are multiplied
into a single network for processing and are transmitted prior to
use.
a. Frame delay
b. Asynchronous transfer mode (ATM)
c. ISDN
d. Synchronous digital hierarchy(SDH)

7. Non-ISDN equivalent can be connected to ISDN line by the use
of ____.
a. Terminal equipment
b. Terminal adapter
c. Modem
d. Network adaptor

8. A special voice encoder/decoder used in digitizing speech signal
only is
a. PCM
b. PWM
c. Vocoder
d. PFM

9. Equation used to determine the number of Hamming bits in the
hamming code.
a. 2
n
= m+ n +1
b. 2
n
> m +n +1
c. 2
n
> m +n +1
d. 2
n
< m +n +1

10. What determine which network configuration is most
appropriate?
a. Application layer
b. Presentation layer
c. Network layer
d. Data link layer

11. Ethernet is a baseband system using CSMA/CD operating at
____
a. 10 Mbps
b. 20 Mbps
c. 30 Mbps
d. 40 Mbps

12. Use of coaxial cables in interconnecting networks is limited to an
overall length of __.
a. 1500 ft
b. 1500 m
c. 1500 km
d. 1500 kft

13. What identifies how the stations are interconnected in a
network?
a. Topology
b. Architecture
c. Topology or architecture
d. Topology and architecture

14. _______is a data communications network designed to provide
two-way communications between a large varieties of data
communication terminal equipment within a relatively small
geographic area
a. Private Area network
b. Local Area Network
c. Wide area network
d. Ethernet

15. ______ is the mode of transmission in public data network in
which data are transferred from source to the network then to
the destination in an asynchronous data format
a. Synchronous mode
b. Start/stop mode
c. Packet mode
d. Circuit mode

16. A seven digit character can represent one of______
possibilities.
a. 7
b. 14
c. 64
d. 128

17. ______ is defined to be the maximum rate at which information
can be transmitted through a channel.
a. Bit rate
b. Baud rate
c. Coding
d. Channel capacity

18. Who developed the fixed-length binary code for telegraphy?
a. Samuel Morse
b. Emile Baudot
c. Alexander Graham Bell
d. Guglielmo Marconi

19. Inventor of pulse-code modulation for the digital encoding of
speech signals.
a. R.V.L. Hartley
b. J.R. carson
c. H. Nyquist
d. Alex Reeves

20. Serial binary data interchange between DTE and DCE at rates
up to 20 kbps. RS 232 is its EIA equivalent.
a. V.26
b. V.24
c. V.42
d. V.32

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21. RS 232 is normally an interface between DTE and DCE. What is
its signal rate?
a. 20 kbps
b. 30 kbps
c. 40 kbps
d. 50 kbps

22. What is multiplexing?
a. The process of increasing bandwidth on a channel
b. A technique that enables more than one data source to
share the use of a common line
c. Mailing letter at the post office
d. The ability to share frequency by time

23. In ____ modulation the carrier is a periodic train pulses.
a. Amplitude
b. Analog
c. Digital
d. Pulse

24. Which of the following pulse modulation techniques is a digital
transmission system?
a. Pulse duration modulation
b. Pulse position modulation
c. Pulse width modulation
d. Pulse code modulation

25. A process where the higher amplitude analog signals are
compressed prior to transmission then expanded at the receiver.
a. Compressing
b. Expanding
c. Encoding
d. Companding

26. _______uses a single bit PCM code to achieve a digital
transmission of analog signal
a. Quadrature Amplitude Modulation
b. Frequency Shift Keying(FSK)
c. Delta Modulation(DM)
d. Phase Modulation(PM)

27. The line speed of bell system T1 carrier system is
a. 64 kbps
b. 3.152 Mbps
c. 1.544 Mbps
d. 6.312 Mbps

28. How many channels does a super group have?
a. 60
b. 600
c. 1800
d. 10800

29. The output frequency at the channel combiner of channel 7 is
a. 76 – 80 kHz
b. 80 – 84 kHz
c. 84 – 88 kHz
d. 88 – 92 kHz

30. ________was the first fixed length 5-bit character code.
a. EBCDIC
b. ASCII
c. Morse code
d. Baudot code

31. Amplitude shift keying is also known as ______.
a. Up/down keying
b. On/off keying
c. Front/back keying
d. I/O keying
32. PCM system require_________.
a. Analog signal
b. Large bandwidth
c. Digital signals
d. Fiber optics cable

33. Which theorem sets the limit on the maximum capacity of a
channel with a given noise level?
a. Nyquist theorem
b. Hartley theorem
c. Shannon-Hartley theorem
d. Shannon theorem

34. _______is the difference between the original and reconstructed
signal.
a. Quantizing noise
b. Fade margin
c. Noise margin
d. Noise figure

35. What are the steps to follow to produce a PCM signal?
a. Sampling,coding and quantizing
b. Sampling,quantizing and coding
c. Quantizing,sampling and coding
d. Coding, quantizing and sampling

36. ________ identifies how the different stations in a multipoint
system are interconnected.
a. Network topology
b. Star network
c. Ring topology
d. Bus network

37. A transmission where data are inputted directly on the cable.
a. Broadband
b. Base band
c. Digital
d. Analog

38. Synchronous modems cost more than asynchronous modems
because
a. They are larger
b. They must contain clock recovery circuits
c. The production volume is larger
d. They must operate on a larger bandwidth

39. When one station is designated as master and the rest of the
stations are considered slaves, message handling is _______.
a. store and forward
b. polling
c. CSMA/CD
d. Token passing

40. A store and forward switching.
a. Circuit switching
b. Packet switching
c. Message switching
d. PSTN

41. A timing signal generated by an oscillating circuit that is used to
synchronize data transmission.
a. Clock
b. Start bit
c. Quantizing
d. BCC

42. Which system allows different types of networks to be linked
together?
a. OSI
b. CCITT
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c. Bell System
d. AT & T

43. A _____ that interconnects LAN having identical protocols at the
physical and data link layers.
a. Bridge
b. Router
c. Gateway
d. Hub

44. A _____ that interconnects LAN that has totally different
protocols and format
a. Bridge
b. Router
c. Gateway
d. Hub

45. All bits in a character can be sent/received simultaneously.
a. Serial data
b. Parallel data
c. Full duplex
d. Half duplex

46. A system that perform parallel-to-series conversion of a data
link.
a. DTE
b. DCE
c. Modem
d. FEP

47. Which mode of transmission achieves less than full-duplex but
more than half-duplex.
a. Full/full duplex
b. Echoplex
c. Isochronous
d. synchronous

48. Rules governing the transmission of digital information.
a. Data communications standard
b. Line protocol
c. Isochronous
d. Digital communications

49. Codes must be
a. Eight bits per character
b. Either seven or eight bits per character
c. Agreed upon in advance between sender and receiver
d. The same in all modem computers

50. Clear to send is a signal passed from the local modem to the
local terminal when data port is ready to transmit data. It usually
occurs in response to
a. Data set ready
b. Request to send
c. Data terminal ready
d. Data carrier detect

51. Digital to analog converter in synchronous modems send
signals to the
a. Modulator
b. Transmission lines
c. Terminal
d. equalizer

52. What is the data rate of the ISDN Basic access B channel?
a. 32 kbps
b. 64 kbps
c. 144 kbps
d. 192 kbps


53. How many bits are there to present 8 combinations?
a. 3
b. 4
c. 2
d. 5

54. How many number of equiprobable events are there for 8-bits of
information?
a. 256
b. 132
c. 2400
d. 512

55. Which character code is used without parity bit?
a. CCITT number 2
b. ASCCII
c. CCITT number 5
d. EBCDIC

56. The percentage of bit errors relative to a specific number of bits
received; usually expressed as a number referenced to a power
of ten.
a. Bit error rate
b. Transmission rate
c. Distortion
d. Parity check

57. The process of one type of device imitating another via a
hardware/software package.
a. Conversion
b. Emulation
c. Imitation
d. Simultation

58. A digital modulation technique that results in two different
frequencies representing binary 1 and 0.
a. FSK
b. QPSK
c. ASK
d. DPSK

59. One dit is equal to _____ bits.
a. 3
b. 3.5
c. 3.32
d. 4

60. A quadratic signaling has _____ possible states.
a. 16
b. 4
c. 8
d. 32

61. What is the smallest unit of information in binary transmission
system?
a. Byte
b. Digit
c. Bit
d. Nibble

62. The lowest layer in the ISO protocol hierarchy.
a. network layer
b. physical layer
c. transport laye
d. datalink layer

63. Modem is referred to as
a. Universal asynchronous receiver transmitter
b. Universal synchronous receiver transmitter
c. Data terminal equipment
d. Data communication equipment

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64. A signaling method relating to a multiplicity of circuits is
conveyed over a single channel by labeled messages.
a. code signaling
b. syncronous
c. common channel signaling
d. asynchronous

65. ______ is a network operating system within several buildings in
compound.
a. Internet
b. Novell netware
c. 10BASE-t
d. intranet

66. What is the Nyquist sample rate for a voice input of 10 kHz?
a. 10 kHz
b. 20 kHz
c. 30 kHz
d. 40 kHz

67. What is the minimum number of bits required in PCM code for a
range of 10,000?
a. 12
b. 9
c. 14
d. 8

68. How many levels can be represented in PCM transmission
system if the binary numbers 00000000 to11111111 are used to
represent signal levels?
a. 256
b. 64
c. 128
d. 512

69. A symbol to represent a data communications facility within the
wide area network.
a. Hub
b. Cloud
c. Server
d. Gateway

70. All bits in a character are sent and received _____ in serial port.
a. One at a time
b. Simultaneously
c. In group of 2 bits
d. In group of 3 bits

71. Message switching is ____ network.
a. Hold and forward
b. Forward
c. Hold
d. Store and forward

72. Packet switching is _____ network
a. Hold and forward
b. Forward
c. Hold
d. Store and forward

73. Polling is an invitation by the primary to secondary equipment to
____ a message.
a. Store
b. Receive
c. Transmit
d. Read

74. An 8-bit character code.
a. EBCDIC
b. BAUDOT
c. ASCII
d. HOLLERITH

75. Equipment that interfaces the data terminal equipment to the
analog transmission line.
a. Modem
b. Muldem
c. Multiplexer
d. Codec

76. A communication network design for transferring data from one
point to another
a. Public Telephone network
b. Public Data network
c. Value Added Network
d. Packet Switching network

77. A conceptual network in which all transmission lines handle
digital or digitalized data.
a. LAN
b. WAN
c. ISDN
d. PSTN

78. A data communications component that provides control or
supporting services for other computers, terminals, or devices in
a network.
a. Host
b. Communication controller
c. Cluster controller
d. Interface equipment

79. Which data network configuration let computers share their
resources?
a. Peer to peer
b. Hierarchical
c. PVC
d. LAN

80. A means of improving the quality of a private-line circuit by
adding amplifiers and equalizer to it.
a. Line equalizer
b. Line amplifying
c. Line conditioning
d. Line encoding

81. Direct distance dialing (DDD) network is commonly called
a. Private-line network
b. PT network
c. Dial-up network
d. Trunk network

82. A type of server that allows multiple users to take advantage of
a single printing device.
a. Print
b. Client
c. Network
d. File

83. _____ ensures that the transmitter and the receiver agree on a
prescribed time slot for the occurrence of a bit.
a. Bit or clock synchronization
b. Modem or carrier synchronization
c. Character synchronization
d. Message synchronization

84. Characters that must be transmitted other than data are called
a. Parity
b. Error
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c. Overhead
d. Hamming bits

85. The generating power polynomial x
7
+ x
5
+ x
4
+ x
2
+ x
1
+ x is
equivalent
a. 101101110
b. 101101111
c. 010010001
d. 10110111

86. A central device into which each node of a star network is
directly connected
a. Hub
b. Central pointer
c. Router
d. Repeater

87. To ____ is to send a file to a remote computer.
a. Upload
b. Download
c. Call
d. Transmit

88. A microcomputer attached to a network requires a
a. NIC
b. RS 232
c. Software
d. Protocol

89. Digital telephones and integrated voice-data workstations are
examples of what type of ISDN equipment?
a. TE
b. TA
c. NT2
d. TP

90. How many OSI layers are covered under the X.25 standard?
a. 3
b. 4
c. 7
d. 2

91. With _____, a station monitors the line to determine if the line is
busy.
a. CSMA/CD
b. CSMA/CA
c. Token Passing
d. PDDI

92. CCITT standard concentrating on data communications over the
telephone network.
a. V series
b. X series
c. I series
d. T series

93. Broadband uses
a. TDM
b. Space multiplexing
c. FDM
d. Statistical multiplexing

94. _____ uses the connecting medium as a single-channel device.
a. Broadband transmission
b. Digital transmission
c. Base band transmission
d. Analog transmission

95. Which is considered as the fastest LAN topology?
a. Ring
b. Bus
c. Star
d. Tree

96. What is the most widely used data communications code?
a. Gray
b. EBCDIC
c. Baudot
d. ASCII

97. Mark and space refer respectively to
a. 1 and 0
b. Dot and dash
c. Message and interval
d. On and off
98. What is the other name for parity?
a. BCC
b. LRC
c. VRC
d. CRC

99. A device that performs routing functions and protocol translation
from one network to another.
a. Gateway
b. Bridge
c. Router
d. Repeater

100. Not important characteristic of the physical layer
a. Electrical
b. Mechanical
c. Logical
d. All of them


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