Assalamu’alaikumWarahmatullahiWabarakatuh

Today, I’m Ocha and I’m.................. will presentation about Indonesia. This is Indonesian
map. Indonesia is: a country in Southeast Asia, which is crossed by the equator and located
between Asia and Australia continent and between the Pacific and Indian Oceans. Indonesia
is the largest archipelago country in the world comprising of 17 506 islands. Alternative
names are commonly used Nusantara. With a population of around 260 million people in
2013, Indonesia is the fourth most populous country in the world and the largest Muslim
country in the world, some 230 million even though officially not an Islamic state. Indonesia
is a republic form of government, the House of Representatives (DPR), Regional
Representatives Council (DPD) and a directly elected president. Jakarta is the capital of the
country. Indonesian overland borders with Malaysia on Borneo island, with Papua New
Guinea on the island of Papua and East Timor on the island of Timor. Other neighboring
countries include Singapore, Philippines, Australia, and the union territory Andaman and
Nicobar Islands in India. Under the influence of Hinduism and Buddhism, several kingdoms
formed on the islands of Borneo, Sumatra, and Java since the 4
th
century to the 14th
century. Kutai, is the oldest kingdom in the archipelago that stands in the 4
th
century in the
upper Mahakam River, East Kalimantan. In the western region of the island of Java, in the
4th century until the 7th century AD stand Tarumanegara kingdom. Government
Tarumanegara followed by Sundanese kingdom of the year 669 AD until 1579 AD In the 7th
century Malay kingdoms emerged centered in Jambi, Sumatra. Beat Malay Srivijaya
maritime empire and emerged as the most powerful in the nation. He ruled over Sumatra,
Java, the Malay peninsula, while controlling the trade in the Strait of Malacca, the Sunda
Strait, and the South China Sea. There’s Indonesian Heroes, they are:
Name Born Died Notes Elevated
Zainul Arifin 1909 1963
Politician and guerrilla fighter, killed by an
assassin targeting Sukarno
1963
Zainal Mustafa 1907 1944
Islamic leader who fought against
the Japanese occupation forces
1972
Yusuf Tajul
Khalwati
1626 1699
Islamic leader, led a guerrillarebellion
against the Dutch East India Company
1995
Yos Sudarso 1925 1962
Commodore of the Navy, killed in a
confrontation with the Dutch
1973
overNetherlands New Guinea
Wilhelmus Zakaria
Johannes
1895 1952 Medical pioneer in radiology 1968
Wahidin
Sudirohusodo
1852 1917 Doctor and leader in Budi Utomo 1973
Wahid Hasyim 1914 1953
Leader of Nahdlatul Ulama, first Minister of
Religion of Indonesia
1964
Wage Rudolf
Supratman
1903 1938
Composer of the national anthem
"Indonesia Raya"
1971
Urip Sumoharjo 1893 1948
Early leader of Indonesian Armed Forces,
second in command toSudirman
1964
Untung Surapati 1660 1706
Led several rebellions against theDutch
East India Company
1975
Teuku Umar 1854 1899
Acehnese guerrilla leader who fought
against Dutch colonial forces; husband
of Cut Nyak Dhien
1973
Tirto Adhi Suryo 1880 1918
Early journalist, exiled for his anti-Dutch
editorials
2006
Tirtayasa 1631 1683
Guerrilla from Banten who fought against
the Dutch
1970
Thaha Syaifuddin 1816 1904
Sultan of Jambi, led an armed revolution
against Dutch colonial forces
1977
Tan Malaka 1884 1949 Minang politician and communist activist 1963
Tuanku Tambusai 1784 1882
Islamic leader from Riau who fought
against Dutch colonial forces in thePadri
War
1995
Tahi Bonar
Simatupang
1920 1990
General who served as chief of staff from
1950 to 1954
2013
Syarif Kasim II 1893 1968
Sultan of Siak, promoted integration of
the East Sumatran kingdoms
1998
Syafruddin
Prawiranegara
1911 1989 First governor of Bank Indonesia 2011
Sutoyo
Siswomiharjo
1922 1965
General in the Army, killed by
the30 September Movement
1965
Sutomo 1888 1938
Javanese educator, established Budi
Utomo
1961
Sutomo 1920 1981
Military officer who led troops in theBattle of
Surabaya
2008
Sutan Syahrir 1909 1966 Politician, first Prime Minister of Indonesia 1966
Suryopranoto 1871 1959
Education and workers' rights figure,
brother of Ki Hajar Dewantara
1959
Suryo 1896 1948
Governor of East Java during theNational
Revolution
1964
Suroso 1893 1981 Politician and independence activist 1986
Supriyadi 1925 1945
Leader of a rebellion against theJapanese
occupation forces in Blitar
1975
Suprapto 1920 1965
General in the Army, killed by
the30 September Movement
1965
Supomo 1903 1958
First Minister of Justice, helped write
the Constitution
1965
Supeno 1916 1949
Government minister, killed while fighting
against the Dutch during theNational
Revolution
1970
Andi Sultan Daeng
Radja
1894 1963 Independence activist and politician 2006
Sultan Agung 1591 1645
Sultan of Mataram, fought against
encroaches by the Dutch East India
Company
1975
Sukarno 1901 1970
Independence activist who read
theProclamation of Independence,
firstPresident of Indonesia
2012
Sukarjo
Wiryopranoto
1903 1962
Independence figure, diplomat, and
politician
1962
Suharso 1912 1971 Medical pioneer in prosthetics 1973
Sugiyono
Mangunwiyoto
1926 1965
Colonel in the Army, killed by
the30 September Movement
1965
Albertus
Sugiyapranata
1896 1963 Javanese Catholic bishop and nationalist 1963
Sudirman 1916 1950
Commander in Chief of theIndonesian
Armed Forces for most of the National
Revolution
1964
Slamet Riyadi 1927 1950
Brigadier General in the Army, killed while
putting down a rebellion inSulawesi
2007
Siti Walidah 1872 1946
Founder of Aisyiyah,Muhammadiyah figure,
wife ofAhmad Dahlan,
1971
Siti Hartinah 1923 1996
Wife of then-president Suharto, active in
social work, establishedTaman Mini
Indonesia Indah
1996
Siswondo Parman 1918 1965
General in the Army, killed by
the30 September Movement
1965
Sisingamangaraja
XII
1849 1907
Batak leader who fought a
lengthyguerrilla campaign against Dutch
colonial forces
1961
Silas Papare 1918 1978
Fought for Papua's independence from the
Netherlands, promoted Papuan integration
in Indonesia
1993
Samanhudi 1878 1956 Businessman, established Sarekat Islam 1961
Sam Ratulangi 1890 1949
Minahasa politician and supporter of
Indonesian independence
1961
Saharjo 1909 1963
Minister of Justice, pioneered legal reform
in the country
1963
Robert Wolter
Monginsidi
1925 1949
Guerrilla fighter in Makassar during
the National Revolution, executed by the
Dutch
1973
Rasuna Said 1910 1965 Women's rights advocate and nationalist 1974
Ranggong Daeng
Romo
1915 1947
Led troops in two battles against Dutch
forces during the National Revolution
2001
Rajiman
Wediodiningrat
1879 1952
First head of the People's Representative
Council
2013
Raja Haji
Fisabilillah
1727 1784
Warrior from Riau who fought against
Dutch colonial forces
1997
Raja Ali Haji 1809 c. 1870 Historian and poet from Riau 2004
Pong Tiku 1846 1907
Torajan noble, fought against Dutch
colonialists
2002
Pierre Tendean 1939 1965
Soldier in the Army, killed by the 30
September Movement
1965
Pattimura 1783 1817
Guerrilla from Maluku who fought against
Dutch colonial forces
1973
Pakubuwono X 1866 1939
Susuhunan of Surakarta, supported various
projects which furtheredNative
Indonesian interests
2011
Pakubuwono VI 1807 1849
Susuhunan of Surakarta, rebelled against
Dutch colonial forces
1964
Pajonga Daeng
Ngalie
1901 1958
Coordinated attacks in South
Sulawesi during the National Revolution,
promoted national integration
2006
Oto Iskandar di
Nata
1897 1945 Politician and independence activist 1973
Opu Daeng Risaju 1880 1964
Early woman politician, fought against the
Dutch during theNational Revolution
2006
Teuku Nyak Arif 1899 1946
Acehnese politician and resistance leader,
first governor of Aceh
1974
Nuku Muhammad
Amiruddin
1738 1805
Sultan of Tidore, led several naval battles
against Dutch colonial forces
1995
Noer Alie 1914 1992
Islamic leader and educator, led student
soldiers during the National Revolution
2006
I Gusti Ngurah Rai 1917 1946
Balinese military leader duringNational
Revolution
1975
Nani Wartabone 1907 1986
Independence activist and politician, helped
put down the Permestarebellion
2003
Muwardi 1907 1948
Handled security for theProclamation of
Independence, established a hospital
in Surakarta
1964
Mustopo 1913 1986
Leader during the Battle of Surabaya,
established Dr. Moestopo Dental College
2007
Muhammad Yamin 1903 1962
Poet turned politician and independence
activist
1973
Teuku Muhammad
Hasan
1906 1997
Independence activist, first governor
of Sumatra
2006
Mohammad Natsir 1908 1993
Islamic scholar and politician, fifthPrime
Minister of Indonesia
2008
Mohammad Husni
Thamrin
1894 1941 Politician and independence activist 1960
Mohammad Hatta 1902 1980
Independence activist, First Vice-President
of Indonesia
2012
Cut Nyak Meutia 1870 1910
Acehnese guerrilla leader who fought
against Dutch colonial forces
1964
Maskun
Sumadireja
1907 1986 Independence activist and politician 2004
Mas Tirtodarmo
Haryono
1924 1965
General in the Army, killed by
the30 September Movement
1965
Mas Mansur 1896 1946 Islamic scholar, Muhammadiyahleader 1964
Marthen Indey 1912 1986
Nationalist and independence activist,
promoted Papuan integration in Indonesia
1993
Martha Christina
Tiahahu
1800 1818
Guerrilla fighter from Maluku who died in
Dutch custody
1969
Maria Walanda
Maramis
1872 1924 Women's rights advocate and educator 1969
Andi Mappanyukki 1885 1967
Bugis nobleman, led attacks against Dutch
forces in the 1920s and 30s, father of Andi
Abdullah Bau Massepe
2004
Mangkunegara I 1725 1795
Fought against Dutch colonists and
collaborators in Central Java
1988
Mahmud
1767 1852
Sultan of Palembang, fought against
1984
Badaruddin II English and Dutch colonists
John Lie 1911 1988
Rear Admiral in the Navy, smuggled
products to fund the National Revolution
2009
Lambertus
Nicodemus Palar
1900 1981
Diplomat, negotiated recognition of
Indonesia during the Revolution
2013
La Maddukelleng 1700 1765
Nobleman from Paser Sultanate, repelled
Dutch forces from Wajo Kingdom
1998
Kusumah Atmaja 1898 1952 First Chief Justice of the Supreme Court 1965
Kiras Bangun 1852 1942
Batak guerrilla leader who fought the Dutch
colonialists
2005
Ki Sarmidi
Mangunsarkoro
1904 1957
Educator with Budi Utomo andTaman
Siswa, government minister
2011
Ki Hajar
Dewantara
1889 1959
Educator and government minister,
established Taman Siswa, brother
ofSuryopranoto
1959
I Gusti Ketut Puja 1904 1957 First governor of Bali 2011
I Gusti Ketut
Jelantik
Unknown 1849
Balinese leader who fought against Dutch
colonial forces
1993
Katamso
Darmokusumo
1923 1965
General in the Army, killed by
the30 September Movement
1965
Ignatius Joseph
Kasimo
1900 1986
Independence activist, Catholic
Party leader
2011
Kartini 1879 1904 Javanese women's rights figure 1964
Karel Satsuit
Tubun
1928 1965
Police brigadier, killed by the 30 September
Movement
1965
Juanda
Kartawijaya
1911 1963
Sundanese politician, final Prime Minister
of Indonesia
1963
Johannes
Leimena
1905 1977
Early Minister of Health, developed
the Puskesmas clinic system
2010
Johannes
Abraham Dimara
1916 2000
Papuan army officer who helped in the
acquisition of Papua
2010
Andi Jemma 1935 1965
Independence activist, led attacks against
Dutch forces during theNational Revolution
2002
Jatikusumo 1917 1992 General in the Army and politician 2002
Janatin 1943 1968
Bombed the MacDonald Houseduring
the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation
1968
Izaak Huru Doko 1913 1985
Independence activist and educator, helped
establish Udayana University
2006
Iwa
Kusumasumantri
1899 1971
Independence activist, lawyer, and
politician
2002
Iswahyudi 1918 1947
Early figure in the Air Force, killed during
the National Revolution
1975
Ismail Marzuki 1914 1958
Composer known for numerouspatriotic
songs
2004
Iskandar Muda 1593 1636
Sultan of Aceh, expanded the state's
influence
1993
Radin Inten II 1834 1856
Nobleman from Lampung, led a revolution
against Dutch colonists
1986
Tuanku Imam
Bonjol
1772 1864
Islamic figure from West Sumatrawho
fought against Dutch colonial forces in
the Padri War
1973
Ilyas Yakoub 1903 1958
Independence activist, politician,
andguerrilla fighter
1999
Idham Chalid 1921 2010 Leader of Nahdlatul Ulama, politician 2011
Ida Anak Agung
Gde Agung
1921 1999
Independence activist and government
minister
2007
Herman Johannes 1912 1992
Engineer, made weapons during
theNational Revolution, helped
establishGadjah Mada University
2009
Hazairin 1906 1975
Legal scholar, independence activist,
government minister, and educator
1999
Hasyim Asy'ari 1875 1947 Islamic leader, founder of Nahdlatul Ulama 1964
Hasanuddin 1631 1670
Sultan of Gowa, fought against Dutch
colonial forces
1973
Hasan Basri 1923 1984
Soldier during the Indonesian National
Revolution, supported the integration
of Kalimantan in Indonesia
2001
Harun Bin Said 1947 1968
Bombed the MacDonald Houseduring
the Indonesia–Malaysia confrontation
1968
Hamengkubuwono
IX
1912 1988
Sultan of Yogyakarta, independence
activist, military leader, and politician;
second Vice President of Indonesia
1990
Hamengkubuwono
I
1717 1792
Sultan of Yogyakarta, fought against
the Dutch East India Company,
established Yogyakarta
2006
Halim
Perdanakusuma
1922 1947
Early figure in the Air Force, killed during
the National Revolution
1975
Gatot Subroto 1907 1962 General, deputy chief-of-staff of theArmy 1962
Gatot
Mangkupraja
1896 1968
Independence activist and politician,
suggested the formation ofDefenders of the
Homeland
2004
Frans Kaisiepo 1921 1979
Papuan nationalist who helped in the
acquisition of Papua
1993
Ferdinand
Lumbantobing
1899 1962
Doctor and politician, fought for the rights
of forced labourers
1962
Fatmawati 1923 1980
Sewed the first national flag, social activist,
a wife of Sukarno
2000
Fakhruddin 1890 1929
Islamic leader, negotiated protection of
Indonesian hajj pilgrims
1964
Eddy Martadinata 1921 1966
Admiral in the Navy and diplomat, killed in
a helicopter crash
1966
Donald Izacus
Panjaitan
1925 1965
General in the Army, killed by
the30 September Movement
1965
Diponegoro 1785 1855
Son of the Sultan of Yogyakarta, fought
a five-year war against Dutch colonial
forces
1973
Cut Nyak Dhien 1850 1908
Acehnese guerrilla leader who fought
against Dutch colonial forces; wife ofTeuku
Umar
1964
Dewi Sartika 1884 1947
Educator, established the country's first
school for girls
1966
Ernest Douwes
Dekker
1879 1950
Indo journalist and politician who advocated
Indonesian independence
1961
Cokroaminoto 1883 1934
Politician, leader of Sarekat Islam, mentor
to Sukarno
1961
Cipto
Mangunkusumo
1886 1943 Javanese politician, mentor toSukarno 1964
Cilik Riwut 1918 1987
Soldier and politician, promoted economic
and cultural development in Central
Kalimantan
1998
Teungku Chik di
Tiro
1836 1891
Acehnese Islamic figure and guerrillaleader
who fought against Dutch colonial forces
1973
Basuki Rahmat 1921 1969 General, witness to the Supersemar 1969
Bagindo Azizchan 1910 1947
Mayor of Padang, resisted Dutch forces
during the National Revolution
2005
Arie Frederik
Lasut
1918 1949
Geologist and educator who was executed
by the Dutch
1969
Antasari 1809 1862
Fought against Dutch colonial forces in
the Banjarmasin War
1968
Amir Hamzah 1911 1946 Poet and nationalist 1975
Alimin 1889 1964
Independence advocate, politician,
and Communist Party of Indonesiafigure
1964
Ahmad Yani 1922 1965
Leader of the Army, killed by
the30 September Movement
1965
Ahmad Rifa'i 1786 1870
Islamic thinker and writer known for his
anti-Dutch stance
2004
Ahmad Dahlan 1868 1934
Javanese Islamic leader,
establishedMuhammadiyah; husband of Siti
Walidah
1961
Agustinus
Adisucipto
1916 1947
Early figure in the Air Force, killed when his
medical flight was shot down by the Dutch
1974
Agus Salim 1884 1954
Minang Islamic leader, politician,
independence activist
1961
Nyi Ageng Serang 1752 1828
Javanese guerrilla leader who led attacks
on Dutch colonials on several occasions
1974
Adnan Kapau
Gani
1905 1968
Independence activist turned government
minister, smuggled weapons to support
the National Revolution
2007





Adam Malik 1917 1984
Journalist and independence activist,
third Vice President of Indonesia
1998
Achmad Subarjo 1896 1978
Independence activist and government
minister
2009
Andi Abdullah Bau
Massepe
1918 1947
Bugis nobleman, led attacks against Dutch
forces during the National Revolution, son
of Andi Mappanyukki
2005
Abdul Rahman
Saleh
1909 1947
Early figure in the Air Force, killed when his
medical flight was shot down by the Dutch
1974
Abdul Muis 1883 1959 Politician, later author 1959
Abdul Malik Karim
Amrullah
1908 1981 Islamic scholar and author 2011
Abdul Kadir 1771 1875
Nobleman from Melawi, promoted
economic development, fought against
Dutch colonial forces
1999
Abdul Haris
Nasution
1918 2000
General in the Army, twice appointed Army
Chief of Staff
2002
Abdul Halim 1911 1988
Independence activist and politician,
fourth Prime Minister of Indonesia
2008