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ESTIMATION OF LANDFILL CAPACTIY

Current waste generated per year, W = 0 tons/yr.
Estimated of rate of waste generation per yr. (use rate of population growth
where waste generation growth rate estimates not available),x
= 0%
Landfill age,n = 0 yr.
Waste gerneration after n years
= 0 tons/yr.
Total waste generattion in n years (T) in tons =
= 0 tons
Density of waste = 0.85 t/cu.m
Total volume of waste in n years (Vw)
= 0 cu.m
Total Volume of daily cover in n years, Vdc (on the basis of 15 cm soil cover on
top and sides for lift height of 1.5 to 2m)
= 0 cu.m
Total volume required for components of liner system and of cover system ( on the
assumption of 1.5m thick liner system (including leachate collection layer) and
1.0 m thick cover system (including gas collection layer)
= 0 cu.m
(k =0.25 for 1.0 m high landfill, 0.125 for 20 m high landfill and 0.08 for 30 m high
landfill. This is valid for landfills where width of landfill is significant larger than
the height)
Volume likely to become available within 10 years due to settlement/
biodegradation of waste
= 0 cu.m
(m = 0.10 for biodegradable waste; m will for less than 0.05 for incinerated/inert
waste)
First estimate of landfill capacity (Ci) = 0
REFERENCES CALCULATIONS OUTPUT
W 1 +

100


1
2
W+W 1 +

100

n

= T/0.85 (cu.m)

= 0.1

(cu.m)

= k

(cu.m)

= m

=

+

+

REFERENCES CALCULATIONS OUTPUT
Gunapo Landfill Area = 9 hectares
= 90000 m2
Peak Daily Maximum rainfall, P
max
= 155.6 mm/day
(was recorded in the month of October)
Avg .Potential evapotranspiration, PET = 5.3 mm/day
Effective rainfall, R =
= 150.3 mm/day
Bagchi Runoff coefficent = 0.3
Table 13.4
pg 282
Therefore, leachate generated = 4058.1 m3/day
REFERENCES CALCULATIONS OUTPUT
CALCULATING LEACHATE FLOW
The leachate generated from the landfill site can be
calculated by:
Leachate generation = runoff coefficent * operational
area * effective rainfall

Assumptions:
1. No infiltration into the landfill fromm outside areas


Assumptions
1. Landfill Surfaces
2. Runoff coefficient/ infiltration rate to landfill
surface
• Active Tipping area - areas where waste is being
actively tipped
• Temporary working area - either site formation areas
or areas which have been temporarily restored
• Permanent restored - areas which have been permanently
LANDFILL OPERATION PERIOD
Active 1 0.9
Temporary 0.3 4.9
0.3 3.2
9
Year Annual precipitation/mm Active Tipping Area
1981 2603.2 23428.8
1982 2179.1 19611.9
1983 2341.2 21070.8
1984 2089.2 18802.8
1985 2093.0 18837
1986 2050.5 18454.5
1987 1454.4 13089.6
1988 2137.1 19233.9
1989 1486.1 13374.9
1990 1736.3 15626.7
Avg. 2017.0
POST CLOSURE PERIOD
Runoff coeff 0.1
Year Annual precipitation/mm Active Tipping Area
1981 2603.2 0
1982 2179.1 0
1983 2341.2 0
1984 2089.2 0
1985 2093.0 0
1986 2050.5 0
1987 1454.4 0
1988 2137.1 0
1989 1486.1 0
1990 1736.3 0
Avg. 2017.0
Estimated Leachate
Temporary Restored Area Other m3/year m3/day
38267.04 24990.72 86686.6 237.4974 52242.12 MGD
32032.77 20919.36 72564.0 198.8056 2.748812 L/s
34415.64 22475.52 77962.0 213.5944
30711.24 20056.32 69570.4 190.6037
30767.1 20092.8 69696.9 190.9504
30142.35 19684.8 68281.7 187.073
21379.68 13962.24 48431.5 132.6891
31415.37 20516.16 71165.4 194.9738
21845.67 14266.56 49487.1 135.5812
25523.61 16668.48 57818.8 158.4076
Estimated Leachate
Temporary Restored Area Other m3/year m3/day
0 23428.8 23428.8 64.18849 14119.49 MGD
0 19611.9 19611.9 53.73123 0.742922 L/s
0 21070.8 21070.8 57.72822
0 18802.8 18802.8 51.51452
0 18837 18837.0 51.60822
0 18454.5 18454.5 50.56027
0 13089.6 13089.6 35.86192
0 19233.9 19233.9 52.69562
0 13374.9 13374.9 36.64356
0 15626.7 15626.7 42.81288

= + + + ] −[
Where:
Lo = Leachate produced (m3)
ER = effective rainfall(use actual rainfall (R) for active cells) m
A = area of cell(m2)
LW = liquid waste(also includes excess waste from sludge (m3)
IRCA = infiltration through restored and capped areas (m)
I surface area of lagoons (m2)
a absorptive capacity of waste (m3/t)

Design flow, F = 237.497 m
3
/day
52242.1 MGD
Assumed Detention period ,t = 2 day
Volume of tank, V
E
= 474.995
m
3
104484 MGD
Assumed Depth of liquid column = 5 m
Total Area required
for the equalization = 94.999 m
2
No of tanks proposed = 1
Area required for
for the equalization tank = 94.999 m
2
For a rectangular tank:
Length to Breadth ratio = 1
Tank Breadth = 10 m
Tank Llength = 10 m
For a circular tank:
Tank Diameter = 10.998 m
Typically eqauliztion is sized to provide 2-5 day storage
REFERENCES CALCULATIONS OUTPUT
EQUALIZATION TANK
Equalization can be provided via an above-grade steel
tank witin secondary containinment. A benefit of a
storage tank is that it is enclosed to minimize odour
generation at the facility and heat is retained.
12 hr detention
http://nptel.ac.in/courses/Webcourse-contents/IIT-KANPUR/wasteWater/Lecture%2021.htm
http://wcec.wm.com/resource-documents/05_06_Supporting%20Documents/Supporting%20Document%203%20-%20Leachate%20Treatment%20Alternatives.pdf
http://books.google.tt/books?id=JqhsYW47bkoC&pg=PA315&dq=leachate+equalization+tank+design+detention&hl=en&sa=X&ei=_BxQU56QHZDKsQToz4DwBw&ved=0CCcQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=leachate%20equalization%20tank%20design%20detention&f=false
http://wcec.wm.com/resource-documents/05_06_Supporting%20Documents/Supporting%20Document%203%20-%20Leachate%20Treatment%20Alternatives.pdf
http://books.google.tt/books?id=JqhsYW47bkoC&pg=PA315&dq=leachate+equalization+tank+design+detention&hl=en&sa=X&ei=_BxQU56QHZDKsQToz4DwBw&ved=0CCcQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=leachate%20equalization%20tank%20design%20detention&f=false
http://books.google.tt/books?id=JqhsYW47bkoC&pg=PA315&dq=leachate+equalization+tank+design+detention&hl=en&sa=X&ei=_BxQU56QHZDKsQToz4DwBw&ved=0CCcQ6AEwAA#v=onepage&q=leachate%20equalization%20tank%20design%20detention&f=false
Year 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986
Mean daily precipitation/mm 7.4 6.2 6.6 5.9 5.9 5.8
Annual precipitation/mm 2603.2 2179.1 2341.2 2089.2 2093.0 2050.5
Min. daily precipitation/mm 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
Max. daily precipitation/mm 155.6 77.5 65.3 67.2 88.9 118.4
Total No. days > 1 190.0 186.0 178.0 160.0 165.0 161.0
1987 1988 1989 1990 Avg.
4.1 6.0 4.2 4.9 5.7
1454.4 2137.1 1486.1 1736.3 2017.0
0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0 0.0
47.9 87.6 73.4 67.0 84.9
129.0 161.0 138.0 168.0 163.6
Waste to landfill per day = 253 tonnes
= 253000 kg
REFERENCES CALCULATIONS OUTPUT
LANDFILL PROPERTIES