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Yvette Cantu

Sunday, June 30, 2013
Week 6: Assignment: Reading and Writing Development
The abilities to read and write are valuable life skills that must be learned and
developed throughout one’s life. My two chosen age groups are early childhood and
middle childhood. Reading is a complex, multifaceted process that continues to develop
throughout the childhood and adolescent years. Reading has always seemed to me to
be a rather basic skill; however, as it turns out, I was completely wrong because reading
is quite the opposite. Phonological awareness, word recognition, and reading
comprehension are all key aspects of learning how to read. Phonological awareness is
the ability to hear the distinct sounds within words. The following abilities are examples
of phonological awareness: hearing the syllables of a word, dividing the word up into
phonemes. Learning how to read and write can involve patience and dedication. I
believe that these two skills should be incorporated into a child’s life early on so they are
more prepared to use them once the start school. If a child is having difficulties while
learning these two important pieces of education then it is crucial to help the child find
ways to better understand these skills. There are plenty of strategies to strengthen a
student’s writing and reading abilities and spending one on one time with them is the
most important. The pressure of peers might distract or embarrass them. When a child
is in the early to middle childhood a teacher can model the way words are written or
said and have full attention on the way they are portraying the words. A strategy for just
writing would be to use the handwriting paper and just to make them repeat the letters
until you know that they can write them correctly. When it comes to being able to read a
word you can have a child listen to a tape of their reading while following along. As they
follow along they will memorize and know how the words sound. When a student
Yvette Cantu
Sunday, June 30, 2013
Week 6: Assignment: Reading and Writing Development
strengthens their vocabulary it helps them to have a better understanding of the
materials they read.
In the early childhood stage it is very important for parents to speak and read to
their children as much as possible. Parents should also speak very clearly so children
will speak correctly. Early childhood begin from when they are born to preschool. In the
beginning stages of early childhood the child would not be reading or writing just yet.
But they would be starting to learn how to read and to write. They should be learning
how to recognize letters and how to put them together to form words. At the end of this
stage the child should be able to read and write, or they should be at the beginning
stages of reading and writing. In early childhood, children tend chopping up the word
into smaller parts and it sounds like a person chewing food while talking, or blending
separate phonemes together to make real words. Word decoding is a method of word
recognition that tries to identify those words that are unknown to that specific person; it
uses letter sound relationships, analogies, common letter patterns, and /or semantic
and syntactic vocabulary (McDevitt & Ormrod, 2004). Reading comprehension is
successfully obtained when the individual is able to understand the words and
sentences on the page. A child’s overall language development can directly affect a
child’s ability to comprehend what he/she is reading. The more words a child knows, the
bigger that child’s vocabulary will be; furthermore, a larger vocabulary means more
words are understood, thus resulting in better performance scores on reading
comprehension tests. Writing involves the development of handwriting, spelling,
composition skills, written grammar, and metacognitive processes. For the children in
Yvette Cantu
Sunday, June 30, 2013
Week 6: Assignment: Reading and Writing Development
early child the material that I would use would be handouts. The handouts will have the
letters for the kids to trace. Then they would a beginners reading book. They would
have to read the book and they would have to write about what they read. Another thing
that I would do is give the children an assignment where they had to match up the word
with the picture. For example if the handout had pictures of a dog, cat, kite and cow the
child would have to match the word with the picture. That should help with the reading
aspect. For the writing I would have the child write the words out two times each.
Middle childhood begins from grades kinder to third grade. There are many
important skills that a student needs to learn when getting an education. The basic have
always been said to be reading, writing, and arithmetic. These three subjects are the
basic for learning any lesson in education. The two that take the most work in learning is
read and writing. A child acquires different levels of these two skills at different times in
their life and it is important to push their minds to work the best they can at putting these
skills to use in the classroom. I believe that elementary school is the most important
time in a student’s life to learn these skills which are known as middle childhood .the
beginning stages of middle childhood the child should be at the beginning stages of
reading and writing. By the end of the middle childhood the child’s reading and writing
skills should be more advance. They should be able to read at a higher level. They
should be able to take spelling words and look them up in the dictionary, write out the
words, and make the words into this stage children begin to identify letters
and matching letters with individual sounds, knowing what a word is, and interpreting
spaces and punctuation are the earliest building blocks for reading this
Yvette Cantu
Sunday, June 30, 2013
Week 6: Assignment: Reading and Writing Development
childhood stage, children short-term capacity allow for greater verbal memory.
Increases in knowledge base, or available schemata, facilitate the use of old or familiar
knowledge to make sense of new knowledge. Other developments in this stage of
childhood include: reading and learning from all variety of texts, including both fiction
and nonfiction, monitoring their own comprehension, summarizing main points, and
discussing details of text, expanding their understanding of concepts and ideas by
making inferences and using additional print resources, and building a connection
between existing knowledge and learn something new from material presented in print.
There are many differences in these two types of child hood stages even though
they are very close to each a classroom environment on both of these child
hood stages I would expect them to be very differently. For example in preschool I
would expect children learning rhymes, songs, and very short stories. In early childhood
children are beginning to learn how to write letters and their name. They also start to
comprehend size relationships, name four colors, count to four and have fun with word
play and rhymes. Most of the classroom environment for this childhood stage would be
singing, rhyming, and teaching children how to write their middle childhood
stage, children begin talking with sentences. I think that the classroom environment will
involve much more of writing words and even sentences. I also think that much more
reading would be involved.
Both of these childhood stages are fairly close to each other but yet very different
both in reading and writing as well as in the classroom environments. All stages in a
child are very important but the most important in my opinion is the early childhood
Yvette Cantu
Sunday, June 30, 2013
Week 6: Assignment: Reading and Writing Development
stage because their little brain is like a sponge which they absorb everything they see
and learn.

Yvette Cantu
Sunday, June 30, 2013
Week 6: Assignment: Reading and Writing Development
References (2013). Retrieved from
Get Ready to Read. (2006). Retrieved from
Livestrong . (2013). Retrieved from