GAMBARAN PENGETAHUAN IBU MENOPUASE TENTANG KEBUTUHAN

GIZI PADA MASA MENOPAUSE DI LINGKUNGAN II KELURAHAN
Masalah yang diteliti : Bagaimana gambaran pengetahuan ibu menopause tentang
kebutuhan gizi pada masa menopause di Lingkuang II Kelurahan Tanjung Gusta Medan
2013”.

Desain penelitian : kualitatif eksploratif
Sampel : dalam penelitian ini berjumlah 25 orang
Tehnik pengambilan sampe l: snowballing sampling
Hasil penelitian : Hasil penelitian gambaran pengetahuan ibu menopause tentang
kebutuhan gizi pada masa menopause di Lingkungan II Kelurahan Tanjung Gusta Medan
mayoritas berpengetahuan kurang sebanyak 17 orang (48,6%) dan minoritas berpengetahuan
baik sebanyak 5 orang (14,3%).

Kesimpulan :Berdasarkan hasil penelitian terhadap Gambaran Pengetahuan IbuMenopause
Tentang Kebutuhan Gizi Pada Masa Menopause di Lingkungan II Kelurahan Tanjung Gusta
Medan Tahun 2013 mayoritas responden mempunyai pengetahuan kurang.
Saran :
1. Bagi Responden
Diharapkan kepada semua ibu menopause yang berpengetahuan kurang untuk meningkatkan
pengetahuannya dengan cara mencari informasi yang lebih akurat tentang kesehatan
khususnya tentang menopause baik dari ibu yang sudah berpengalaman, media cetak dan
tenaga kesehatan.
2. Lingkungan II
Diharapkan kepada Kelurahan Tanjung Gusta Khususnya Lingkungan II Tanjung Gusta
untuk semakin meningkatkan pengetahuan ibu menopause tentang kebutuhan gizi dengan
cara memberikan penyuluhan-penyuluhan.










HUBUNGAN NUTRISI KEKERANGAN DENGAN MASA MENOPAUSE PADA WANITA
PERIMENOPAUSE

Masalah : bagaimna Hubungan nutrisi kekerangan dengan masa menopause pada wanita
perimenopause”.

Desain penelitian : survey analitik
Sampel : 41
Tehnik pengambilan sampel : cross sectional stud

Hasil penelitian : penelitian menunjukkan, bahwa: (1) Daging kerang Semele sp. dapat
meningkatkan kadar estradiol responden wanita perimenopause dengan kandungan zat gizi daging kerang
Semele sp. yaitu: protein 7.182%, karbohidrat 66,887 %, lemak 6,82 %, kolesterol 10mg/dl, Calsium 263,385
ppm, Cuprum 9.107 ppm, Magnesium 28.467 ppm, Ferum 1.859 ppm, Zinc tidak terdeteksi; Konsumsi daging
kerang Semele sp. Secara teratur dapat memperlambat masa menopause. Wanita yang sering mengonsumsi
daging kerang masa menopause umunya diatas 50 Tahun
Kesimpulan : SIMPULAN : Jika wanita sering mengonsumsi lemak, akan memperlambat masa
menopause. Pola makan inilah yang akhirnya menyebabkan responden lambat mengalami menopause.














Perbedaan Usia Menopause pada Wanita Pedesaan dan Perkotaan serta
faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhinya

a. Masalah : apakah terdapat perbedaan usia awal terjadinya menopause pada
wanita pedesaan dan perkotaan serta faktor- faktor yang mungkin menyebabkan
perbedaan tersebut.

b. Desain penelitian : epidimiologik analitik Sampel : 100 responden

c. Tehnik pengambilan sampel : purposive sampling

d. Hasil penelitian : bahwa dimana wanita pedesaan mengalami menopause yang lebih
cepat dibanding wanita perkotaan. menopause pada wanita pedesaan sebagian besar
terjadi antara usia 45 sampai 48 tahun yang jika dipresentase sebesar 54% dari seluruh
responden pedesaan sedangkan pada wanita perkotaan sebagian besar terjadi antara
usia 48 sampai 51 tahun yang jika dipresentase sebesar 60% dari seluruh responden
perkotaan.

e. Kesimpulan : Pada penelitian ini didapatkan perbedaan yang bermakna pada usia
menopause antara wanita pedesaan dan wanita perkotaan dimana wanita pedesaan
mengalami menopause lebih cepat daripada wanita perkotaan. Faktor-faktor yang
mempengaruhi menopause yang menyebabkan perbedaan usia menopause antara
wanita pedesaan dan perkotaan adalah pola hidup dan status gizi.














GAMBARAN SIKAP IBU TERHADAP MASA PREMENOPAUSE PADA
IBU-IBU

a. Masalah : bagaimana gambaran sikap ibu terhadap masa premenopause
pada ibu-ibu

b. Desain penelitian : non eksperimen ( deskriptif kuantitatif)

c. Sampel : 63 responden


d. Tehnik pengambilan sampel : total sampling

e. Hasil penelitian : Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sikap ibu terhadap masa
premenopause secara keseluruhan adalah bersikap negatif.

f. Kesimpulan : Berdasarkan hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan bahwa
subjek di Desa Gonggang, Kecamatan Poncol, Kabupaten Magetan memiliki
gambaran sikap yang negatif terhadap masa premenopause. Hal ini disebabkan
kurangny pengetahuan dan masih adanya pemahaman negative dan keliru tantang
masa premenopause sehingga mempengaruhi sikap dan kesiapan dalam menghadapi
masa premenopause.

g. saran : diharapkan para ibu yang akan menghadapi premenopause
memperoleh informasi yang benar dan tepat mengenai premenopause itu sendiri.
Informasi bisa didapatkan dari penyuluhan kesehatan desa, media massa, buku,
ataupun bertanya pada orang-orang yang ahli dibidangnya. Selain itu, dari dinas
kesehatan dapat memberikan penyuluhan yang berkaitan dengan informasi tentang
usia paruh baya, premenopause, dan menopause sehingga ibu-ibu yang akan
memasuki premenoupause memiliki kesejahteraan dalam hidup. Bagi peneliti
selanjutnya yang akan meneliti variabel premenopause disarankan untuk meneliti
premenopause ditinjau dari berbagai faktor lainnya selain gambaran sikap, misalnya
ditinjau dari pengaruh kebudayaan, media massa, faktor emosional, dan lain-lain.





Exploring Australian Aboriginal Women’s experiences of menopause: a
descriptive study

a. Analysis each of the journal?
How to Exploring Australian Aboriginal Women’s experiences of menopause: a
descriptive study

b. What is the design of research that used?
The study was an exploratory qualitative study

c. How many sample and what is the technic sampling that used?
Twenty-five Aboriginal women

d. What is the result of the research?
A number of themes were revealed. These related to the language used, meanings and attitudes to
menopause, symptoms experienced, the role of men, a lack of understanding, coping mechanisms and
the attribution of menopausal changes to something else. The term “change of life” was more widely
recognised and signified the process of ageing, and an associated gain of respect in the local
community. A fear of menopausal symptoms or uncertainty about their origin was also common.
Overall, many women reported insufficient understanding and a lack of available information to assist
them and their family to understand the transition.

e. What is the conclusion of research?
There are similarities between Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal experiences of menopause, including
similar symptom profiles. The current language used within mainstream health settings may not be
appropriate to this population if it fails to recognise the importance of language and reflect the
attributed meaning of menopause. The fear of symptoms and uncertainty of their relationship to
menopause demonstrated a need for more information which has not adequately been supplied to
Australian Aboriginal women through current services. While this study is with a select population of
Aboriginal Australian women, it reveals the importance of acknowledging differences, particularly in
use of language to convey ideas and support Aboriginal women experiencing menopause.


















Epidemiological Determinants of Age at Natural Menopause in Rural
Women of Punjab


a. Analysis each of the journal?
Menopause is a reproductive milestone in a woman’s life but it also is a critical
juncture when women not only experience biological changes but concurring social
and psychological changes. Menopause has also been listed as a disease in ICD-10
.
b. What is the design of research that used?
To study the epidemiological determinants

c. How many sample and what is the technic sampling that used?
A total of 180 women aged 40-60 years years were selected by proportionate
sampling technique.

d. What is the result of the research?
Mean age at menopause was 45.9 (±3.5) years. Mean age at menopause of married
women was 45.73 and that of widow was 47.5 years. There was positive non
significant correlation between age at natural menopause and age at menarche
(p=0.220). The association between age at natural menopause and women’s age at
birth of their last child was not significant (p =0.430).

e. What is the conclusion of research?
Age at menopause showed a trend of later ages with taller women. Age at menarche
and age at last pregnancy had no effect on the age at menopause. Married women
reported natural menopause approximately 2 years earlier than widow women.











High coffee consumption and different brewing methods in relation to postmenopausal
endometrial cancer risk in the Norwegian Women and Cancer Study: a population-
based prospective study

a. Analysis each of the journal?
Coffee and its compounds have been proposed to inhibit endometrial carcinogenesis. Studies in
theNorwegian population can be especially interesting due to the high coffee consumption and
increasing incidence of endometrial cancer in the country.

b. What is the design of research that used?
Multivariate Cox regression analysis

c. How many sample and what is the technic sampling that used?
A total of 97 926 postmenopausal Norwegian women from the population-based prospective
Norwegian Women and Cancer (NOWAC) Study, were included in the present analysis.

d. What is the result of the research?
During an average of 10.9 years of follow-up, 462 incident endometrial cancer cases were identified.
After multivariate adjustment, significant risk reduction was found among participants who drank ≥8
cups/day of coffee with a hazard ratio of 0.52 (95% confidence interval, CI 0.34-0.79). However, we
did not observe a significant dose-response relationship. No significant heterogeneity in risk was found
when comparing filtered and boiled coffee brewing methods. A reduction in endometrial cancer risk
was observed in subgroup analyses among participants who drank ≥8 cups/day and had a body mass
index ≥25 kg/m2, and in current smokers.

f. What is the conclusion of research?
These data suggest that in this population with high coffee consumption, endometrial cancer risk.
decreases in women consuming ≥8 cups/day, independent of brewing method.



























Favorable effects of low-fat and low-carbohydrate dietary patterns on
serum leptin, but not adiponectin, among overweight and obese
premenopausal women: a randomized trial

a. Analysis each of the journal?
How to Favorable effects of low-fat and low-carbohydrate dietary patterns on serum
leptin, but not adiponectin, among overweight and obese premenopausal women: a
randomized trial

b. How many sample and what is the technic sampling that used?
How many sample and what is the technic sampling that used?Seventy-nine overweight and
obese premenopausal women were randomized to either LFD or LCD,with increased physical
activity, for 52 weeks. Serum adiponectin, leptin and the adiponectin-to-leptin ratio (A/L)
were measured at baseline, and at weeks 34 and 52 to assess intervention effects.
c. What is the result of the research?
While there were no significant changes in serum adiponectin concentrations following the
LCD and LFD interventions, leptin concentrations significantly decreased by week 34 of the
intervention period (LCD:35.3%, P = 0.004; LFD: 30.0%, P = 0.01), with no difference by
intervention arm. At week 52, these reductions were statistically non-significant, indicating a
return to baseline levels by the end of the intervention. While there were non-significant
increases in the A/L ratio following the LCD and LFD intervention arms, the overall trend,
across groups, was marginally significant (P = 0.05) with increases of 16.2% and 35.1% at
weeks 34 and 52, respectively.

d. What is the conclusion of research?
These findings suggest that caloric-restricted LCD and LFD dietary patterns favorably
modify leptin and possibly the A/L ratio, and lend support to the hypothesis that these
interventions may be effective for obesity-related breast cancer prevention through their
effects on biomarkers involved in metabolic pathways.