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# FORM 5 PHYSICS MARKING SCHEME PAPER 2, 2011

1 a Maximum displacement from the rest point 1
b i D 1
ii The length of pendulum D same as A 1
c Resonance 1
Total 4

2 a Pressure = Force / Area 1
b Depth / Density / gravity 1
c P=hpg
=0.l2 x l000 x l0
= 1200 Pa.

1
1
d

1
Total 5

3 a Main scale 1
b 0.01 mm 1
Reading of main scale = 5.8mm
Reading of thimble scale = 0.28mm
Actual Reading = 5.8mm + 0.28mm -0.02 = 5.76mm

Thickness of a piece of paper = 5.86/50
= 0.116 mm.

1

1

1
Total 5

4 a When the lift accelerate upwards // Diagram 4(b) 1
b 1. weight acting downwards
2. normal force , R acting upwards
1
c 500 N // 490 N 1
d 1. R = mg + ma // R = 500 + 100
2. R = 600 N
2
e Zero 1
Total 7

5 a i Final temperature of liquid A is higher than final temperature of liquid B 1
ii Liquid A have higher specific heat capacity than liquid B
A became increase temperature faster.
Concept : Heat capacity
1
1
1
b Gradient graf A is steeper ( cool faster)
Became constant if react room temperature.
1
1
c During the day, land gets heated by the Sun much quicker than does water.
As the land becomes warmer, it heats the air in the atmosphere above it.
This causes the air to expand, becoming less dense, and thus creating a low
pressure.
1

1
Total 8

6 a Resistance is the ratio of potential difference to the current flow // a
device that resists/impedes the current/electron flow in a circuit.
1
b i Cross sectional area 6.2 > 6.1 1
ii Potential difference 6.1 > 6.2 1
iii Current for both circuits are the same. 1
c i Resistance 6.1 > 6.2 1
ii As the cross sectional area increases, resistance decreases 1
d 1. Decreases
2. Because total/effective resistance decreases
2
Total 8

7 a The distance between focal point and center lens 1
b 0.08 m or 8 cm 1
c P and R – convex lens
Q - the concave lens
1
1
d replacement value of u and f
V = - 5:45 cm
1
e i P : Obective lens R: lens 1
ii 2 light rays to produce images correctly first and draw the first image
Drawing a beam of light from the image into an eyepiece
Drawing the final image
1
1
1
Total 10

8 a i Longitudinal wave / mechanical wave 1
ii No sound / sound cannot be heard 1
iii Sound wave cannot propagate // sound energy cannot be transferred 1
b

1
c i P - Infrared
Q - Ultraviolet
1
1
ii Gamma ray / ultraviolet / X-Ray 1
iii Can kills the life cell / skin burn or skin cancer 1
Amplitude of the wave drawn
is bigger

Note: accept as long as the
amplitude drawn is slightly
bigger.
Note: the reason given must be related to the answer in
(c) (ii)
iv Radio wave / microwave 1
v High frequency / high energy / high penetrating power / less diffracted 1
vi Gamma ray 1
vii high energy / high penetrating power 1
Total 12

9 a Sound wave is a longitudinal waves.
b i 1st
: The diameter of guitar string in Diagram 9.1 is smaller than diameter of the
string in Diagram 9.2
2nd
: The amplitude of the wave in Diagram 10.1 is the same as in Diagram9.2
3rd
: Number of oscillations in Diagram 10.1 is higher than in Diagram 10.2
3
ii When the diameter of the string increases , the frequency of the wave decreases 1
iii The higher the frequency , the higher the pitch of the sound 1
c 1
st
: When a tuning fork vibrates, air molecules will vibrate.
2
nd
: When the tuning fork moves forwards, the air is compressed.
3
rd
: When the tuning fork moves backwards, the air layers are pulled apart and
cause a rarefraction.
4
th
: Therefore, a series of compression and rarefactions will produce sound.
5
th
: The sound energy is propagated through the air around it in the form of
waves.
4
d 1
st
: Large diameter
2
nd
3
rd
:The distance of signal receiver from the centre of the parabolic disc is
same as the focal length
4
th
5
th
:Use microwave wave
6
th
:High energy
7
th
:Short wavelength
8
th
:Easily reflected
9
th
:High frequency
10
th
:High energy / can travel at longer distance
11
th
:The position of the parabolic disc is high
12
th
:The signal is not blocked //much coverage//can detect signal
13
th
:Strong material
14
th
:Not easily broken
10
Total 20

10 a i The rate of charge flows. 1
b 1 State the correct comparison f the pe f circuit connection
Diagram 10.1 connected in series and Diagram 10.2 connected in parallel.

2 State the correct comparison f the ammeters reading
The reading of ammeter in Diagram 10.2 is greater than in Diagram 10.1
.
3 State the correct comparison f the voltmeters readings
The reading of voltmeter in Diagram 10.1 > Diagram 10.2.

4 State the correct comparison f the jfective resistance
The effective resistance in Diagram 10.2 < Diagram 10.1.
6

5 State the correct relation between the jfective resistance and the current
flows
Effective resistance increases, the current flows decreases.

6 State the correct relagion between pe f circuit connection and efective
resistance.
Circuit connected in parallel, the effective resistance decreases.
c 1 State the correct happens f the ammeter reading

2 State he correct happens f voltmeter reading

3 State the correct reason
Effective resistance in the circuit decreased.
3
d State the correct extra device attached and correct reason
1 Attach one fuse to the live wire in the consumer unit! fuse box.
2 To break/switch off the circuit when large current before the wire become
hotter and produce fire.

State the correct choosing fwirilcable and correct reason
3 Using the insulating wires !! thicker wires
4 To prevent short circuit!! To reduce resistance, improve efficiency.

State the correct ajustment f each lamp and the correct reason
5 Attach switch for each lamp.
6 To allows each lamp to be switched on and off independently.

State the correct mod fication f connection f metal fitting lamp and give the
correct reason
7 Connect the metal fitting lamp to the earth wire!cable.
8 To flows electron (extra) to earth to avoid lethal shock.

State the correct using f bulbs and give the correct reason
9 Using only 240 V light bulb.
10 To ensure the bulbs light up with normal brightness.
10
Total 20

11 a The Principle of Conservation of Momentum / Energy 1
b When the ball on one end is pulled up and let to fall, it strikes the second
ball which is at rest and comes to a dead stop.

The momentum of the ball becomes zero as its velocity is zero.

The Principle of Conservation of Momentum states that in a collision between
two objects the total momentum of the objects in the system remains
unchanged.
The energy and momentum from the first ball is transferred to the
second ball and then transmitted through the balls at rest to the ball on the
other end.

Because the momentum and energy is maintained in this system, the ball
on the opposite side will move at the same velocity as the ball that were in

4
initial motion
(any four)

c Specifications. Reason
The balls touch each other This will reduce losses of energy
which will reduce the speed of the
balls
The type of material used
to make the balls is steel
Steel balls are hard and produce
highly elastic collision. Energy can
easily propagates through the
intermediate balls.
Two strings used to hang
each ball
This string arrangement restricts the balls’
movements to the same plane.

the position of the ball to
start the oscillation
High position of the ball, high potential energy
and will change to high kinetic energy. The last
end ball will swing at bigger speed.
The most suitable design is Q because the ball s touch each other, made from
steel, use two strings attached to each ball and the initial position of the ball is
high.

2

2

2

2
1
1
d i m
1
u
1
+ m
2
u
2
= m
1
v
1
+ m
2
v
2

(5)(0.8) + (3)(0) = 0 + (3) v
2

v
2
= 1.33 ms
-1

m
1
u
1
+ m
2
u
2
= 0 – (0.05)(0.8)
= -0.04 kgms
-1

Impulsive force = -0.04 / 0.05 = 0.8 N

1
1

1
1

1
Total 20

12 a i If the voltage supplied is 12V the power generated is 24W

1
ii To give out more heat energy 1
iii 1. Length of conductor
2. cross sectional area
3. R is directly proportional to length, l
4. R is inversely proportional to cross sectional area, A

1
1
1
1
b i R T = 4 + (4x4)
4+ 4
= 4 + 2
= 6 Ω

1

1
ii V = IR = 2 x 4
= 8 V
1
iii I = 4/4
= 1 A
1
c 1. Connection to earth
2. to flows the excess / overload current to earth if the is short circuit
3. material of heating coil is nichrome
4. to produces high heat energy
5. high number of loop
6. to increase surface area so that more heat is released
7. high power
8. to produce more heat energy in the coil
10
I = 12
6
= 2 A

9. R is chosen
10. because is connected to earth, material is nichrome, high number of loop, and
has high power.

Total 20