International J ournal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJ CTT) – volume 4 Issue 8– August 2013

ISSN: 2231-2803 http://www.ijcttjournal.org Page 2441

Model and Analysis on Car Seat Mounting Bracket
M.V.Srinivasan
#1
, M. Lava Kumar
*2

1
M. Tech-(CAD-CAM), Siddharth Institute of Engineering and Technology, Puttur
2
Assistant Professor, Siddharth Institute of Engineering and Technology, Puttur

Abstract –
Abstract--In this paper, we are desiged a car seat
mounting bracket with seat arrangement by using Pro/E Software
for Automobile Applications. We have Conducted, structural
analysis by varying the seat bracket material. By extracting the
results Comparison is done for three materials to validate better
material for car seat mounting bracket to find out which material
is best for the withstand in loading condition. Analysis is by using
ANSYS software.

Keywords---- Creo-Pro/E, ANSYS, Structural steel,Alluminium
Alloy,Gray Cast Iron, Stresses,Directional deformation

I. INTRODUCTION

The front bench typically allowed three people to sit
abreast, or six passengers to car, nearly the same
passenger load as a three-row SUV or minivan, though
with less comfort. The bucket seat arrangement leaves a
space between the two front seats, usually occupied by a
shifter and hand brake. Originally, bucket seats were
associated with imported cars in the 1950s and 1960s.
The Volkswagen Bus was originally available with three
rows of bench seats seating up to nine passengers, but
since then most minivans have been configured to seat
seven or eight with front bucket seats.
Even in the United States, the bucket seat has
largely replaced the bench seat; the bucket is viewed as
"sportier", and smaller cars have made the middle
position less viable. For high performance cars, bucket
seats help keep the driver in place during high
accelerations. Some larger cars are still available with
bench seats, as are some trucks, which would only be able
to seat two if bucket seats were fitted.
Part of the success of the Chrysler K-cars, the Dodge
Aries and the Plymouth Reliant, was that by retaining front
bench seating rather than adopting bucket seats usually fitted
to compacts, they could still function as the six passenger cars
they were designed to replace and compete against.
A. Introduction To Car Seat Belt
Seat belts were invented by George Cayley in the late 1800s,
though Edward J. Claghorn of New York, New York was
granted the first patent on February 10, 1885 for a safety belt.
Claghorn was granted United States Patent #312,085 for a
Safety-Belt for tourists, described in the patent as "designed to
be applied to the person, and provided with hooks and other
attachments for securing the person to a fixed object."
In 1946 Dr. C. Hunter Shelden had opened a neurological
practice at Huntington Memorial Hospital in Pasadena,
California. In the early 1950s Dr. Shelden had made a major
contribution to the automotive industry with his idea of
retractable seat belts. This came about greatly in part from the
high number of head injuries coming through the emergency
rooms. He investigated the early seat belts whose primitive
designs were implicated in these injuries and deaths. His
findings were published in the November 5, 1955 Journal of
the American Medical Association (JAMA) in which he
proposed not only the retractable seat belt, but also recessed
steering wheels, reinforced roofs, roll bars, door locks and
passive restraints such as the now-and-ever-popular air bag.
Subsequently in 1959 Congress passed legislation requiring all
automobiles to comply with certain safety standards.


International J ournal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJ CTT) – volume 4 Issue 8– August 2013

ISSN: 2231-2803 http://www.ijcttjournal.org Page 2442

B. Types Of Belts
Lap: Adjustable strap that goes over the waist. Used
frequently in older cars, now uncommon except in some rear
middle seats. Passengers aircraft seats also use lap seat belts to
prevent injuries.
Sash: Adjustable strap that goes over the shoulder. Used
mainly in the 1960s, but of limited benefit because it is very
easy to slip out of in a collision.
Three Points: Three-point and lap-and-sash belts help spread
out the energy of the moving body in a collision over the
chest, pelvis, and shoulders. The three points belt is the
standard seat belt for road cars.
II. FORCES ACTING ON CAR SEAT

When the vehicle moves with certain velocity different forces
are acting on the human body. The major force considered to
be IMPACT FORCE when sudden breaks are applied. When
car takes turnings some centrifugal forces are also acting on
car seat. In order to reduce the effect of centrifugal forces
roads are built with some precision and also natural frequency
was determined by applying some constraints like all DOF in
order to safe guard the structure from resonance
In present analysis one analysisis considered:
1) Structural static analysis.

III. PROBLEM FORMULATION
For analyzing the comfortless provided by the car seat to
driver in some special cases like when driver applies sudden
breaks, when the car passes over a speed breaker we take the
help of two softwares.
Pro/ENGINEER
ANSYS
Above mentioned software’s requires some input. The input
provided is as follows.
Geometric model of car seat.
Material properties of materials used for car seat.
Type of elements used for analysis.
Mesh generation.
Parameters Required:
Forces excrete on car seat.
Boundary conditions
Force excreted = 7700 N
BOUNDARY CONDITIONS:
The base of car seat is fixed in all D.O.F.
The total component will be considered as a composite
structure.
For this analysis some assumptions are to be considered.
Materials used are homogenous & isotropic
Loads applied are distributed equally.
IV. MATERIAL PROPERTIES
Three types materials are used to manufacture a car seat.
1) Alluminium Alloy, Sructural Steel & Gray Cast Iron (Seat
Mounting Bracket)
2) Steel (Supporting Structure)
3) Poly Urethene (Cushion Material)

TABLE – 1
MATERIAL PROPERTIES
Properties Of Steel:
Young’s modulus = 2E5 N/mm2
Poisson’s ratio = 0.3
Density= 7.89E-9 ton/mm3
Properties Of Poly Urethane:
Young’s modulus = 1200N/mm2
Poisson’s ratio = 0.45
Density = 1e-18 ton/mm3

International J ournal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJ CTT) – volume 4 Issue 8– August 2013

ISSN: 2231-2803 http://www.ijcttjournal.org Page 2443

V. ANALYSIS MODLES OF CAR SEAT
A. Car Seat Mounting Bracket

Fig.:1. Car Seat Mounting Bracket Model

Fig.:2. Car Seat Model
B. Model Of Car Seat Fine Mesh:

Fig.3. Car Seat Model With Meshing













VI. ANALYSIS:
A. Stress & Deformatio For G.C.I:

Fig.4. Equivalent Stress Distribution For G.C.I

Fig.5.Normal Stress Distribution For G.C.I

Fig.6.Total Deformation For G.C.I

International J ournal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJ CTT) – volume 4 Issue 8– August 2013

ISSN: 2231-2803 http://www.ijcttjournal.org Page 2444

Fig.7.Normal Elastic Strain For G.C.I

Fig.8.Directional Deformation For G.C.I

B. Stress Distribution For S.S:

Fig.9.Equivalent Stress Distribution For S.S

Fig.10.Normal Stress Distribution For S.S

Fig.11.Total Defprmation For S.S

Fig.12. Normal Elastic Strain For S.S

Fig.13.Directional Deformation For S.S
C. Stress Distribution For Aluminium Alloy:

Fig.14.Equivalent Stress Distribution For Al.Alloy

Fig.15.Normal Stress Distribution For Al.Alloy
International J ournal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJ CTT) – volume 4 Issue 8– August 2013

ISSN: 2231-2803 http://www.ijcttjournal.org Page 2445


Fig.16.Total Deformation For Al.Alloy

Fig.17. Normal Elastic Strain For Al.Alloy

Fig.18.Directional Deformation For Al.Alloy

VII. STRESS & REACTION VALUES COMPARISONS CHART:


Fig.19.Equivalent Stress Comparison (Min. & Max)

Fig.20.Normal Stress Comparison (Min. & Max.)

Fig.21.Shear Stress Comparison (Min. & Max.)

Fig.22.Normal Elastic Strain Comparison (Min. & Max.)

Fig.23.Directional Deformation Comparison (Min. & Max.)



International J ournal of Computer Trends and Technology (IJ CTT) – volume 4 Issue 8– August 2013

ISSN: 2231-2803 http://www.ijcttjournal.org Page 2446

VIII. RESULTS

Table for model analysis:

Table – 2
MODEL ANALYSIS RESULT TABLE
IX. CONCLUSION:

The Stress & Deformation analysis of Car Seat Mounting
Bracket is carried out by using Pro/ENGINEER & ANSYS
software’s, the stresses on the car seat mounting bracket is
studied and the following conclusions are drawn.
1. The Analysis is carried out for using three material with
Gray Cast Iron, Structural Steel & Aluminium Alloy and the
maximum safety find out in the case of directional & total
deformation minimum values for Structural Steel as 0.20509
& 47.575 respectively obtained and the range of withstanding
capacity is more in Structural Steel.
2. The stress analysis is carried out for this three material
structural Steel is better than other two metals in normal stress
as the value is 155.31, it is very minimum.
3. In the case of strain analysis it have huge variations
compared with maximum value of other two metals as
Equivalent Elastic Strain, Normal Elastic Strain & Shear
Elastic Strain values are minimum 0.00137, 0.006856 &
0.01336 respectively


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Of India
4. SURENDRA SINGH.,” Strength of materials”., KONARK publishers
5. TALT Lecter1501,physical properties,characterstics of alloys,prepared
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