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FINAL EXAMINATION IN ENGLISH

I. In no more than 2-3 lines, answer the following questions:

1. Define common law.
2. When do we use “versus”?
3. Give an English equivalent to the following Latin phrases: locus in quo, ab initio, prima facie,
ex parte, in camera, inters alia.
4. What does a solicitor do and what does a barrister do?
5. Give a Romanian equivalent to the following English terms: custom, books of authority, case
law, plaintiff, to breach, equity, provision, malice aforethought, grievous bodily harm, sole
obligation, second appeal.
6. What is the role of the Supreme Court in the US court system?
7. Which are the two types of courts in the US?
8. Describe the English jury.
9. What is EURATOM?
10. Specify the importance of the Treaty of Rome signed in 1957.

II. Translate the following text into Romanian:
The Tory party’s gone crazy over Europe, and it’s Cameron’s fault
For a while yesterday, the European flag flew proudly over Michael Gove’s office. The
Education Secretary’s vote of no confidence in the EU the day before had made no difference.
Whatever others in Whitehall might say, it seemed, the Department for Education remained
happily collegiate in matters continental. It had accepted a request to show the flag for Europe
Day last week, which was why the circle of gold stars on a deep blue background proclaiming
the penetration of Brussels deep into the workings of British governance could be seen flapping
erratically in the breeze at the top of Sanctuary Buildings in Great Smith Street. No one raced for
the halyards when Mr. Gove appeared on television on Sunday morning to announce that he
would vote to leave the EU if he could, and it was only at lunchtime yesterday, when the flag’s
presence was drawn to the boss’s attention, that his ideological preferences were brought to bear
and it was hastily lowered.
The waving of a flag tells us nothing about the Government’s European policy, of course, save
perhaps that the EU is more deeply embedded in the fabric of the state than we would like to
admit. The speed with which it was whisked off the DfE’s flagpole once it was detected by those
who understand the power of symbols tells us plenty, however, about how twitchy the
Conservative Party has become since the latest flare-up of its Euro neuralgia. Over the past few
days it has, with a troubling degree of deliberation, thrown away the small but growing political
advantage it had given itself in recent weeks in order to indulge in another of those interminable
arguments about the nature of our relationship with the EU. In the space of a fortnight the Tories
have gone from leading a national conversation about Labour’s unsuitability to govern a
changing Britain, to staging a public family feud about who emptied the dishwasher last time and
where they should go for the holidays.
(The Telegraph, Monday, May, the 13
th
, 2013)