ANSI Drafting Standards

ASME Y-14.5 2009
Written by ASME or_________________________________
& Accepted by ANSI or______________________________.
ANSI Standards:
_______________ Projection vs. __________ Projection for ISO
Two division of projection methods are __________& ____________
Drawings contain:
Title Block
Revision Block
Flag Notes
General Tolerances
.x = .1
.xx = .03
.xxx = .010
Limit tolerance
Unilateral tolerance
Bilateral tolerance

Rules to live by when Dimensioning
 Notate units of measure being used in title block or note (METRIC)
 Always dimension features of the object in most descriptive view
 Never dimension to hidden lines
 Follow dimensioning order:
1. Dimension overall sizes
2. Locate features
3. Add details for manufacturing or construction
 Show angles in correct sector that could actually be measured
 Ensure all three major dimensions are shown in one of the views
o Length, Width, and Depth
 Follow standard practices
o Placement – Not on or inside of part
o Spacing – Clarity
o Dimension from closest edge
o Stagger and group dimension with concentric points
 Use Multiples (4X) for repetitive elements
 Use unidirectional text
 Leaders should theoretically pass through center of circles
 Use notes for drilling operations with current symbols
 Assume hole is through unless otherwise noted with depth symbol
 Always use the Ø and R for Diameter and Radius
 Basic dimensions- Theoretical exact size, location in box
 Reference dimension- information only (i.e. overall lengths)
 Determine best dimensioning method
o Datum / Baseline
o Left to Right/ bottom to top (Tape Measure Rule)
o Chain line – Only hole spacing when deemed most critical (2 holes max)

Tolerancing and Surface Texture

• Running Clearance (RC)- shaft must move freely (Inside a bearing or hole)
• Location Clearance Fit (LC)- Shaft and Hole may be same size (Line to Line fit)
• Location Interference Fits (LN)- Shaft larger than hole (Alignment dowel pins)
• Force and Shrink Fits (FN) - Shaft is always bigger (Transmit torque)
• MMC- Maximum Material Condition (Weighs most with largest shaft or smallest hole)
• LMC-Least Material Condition (Weighs most with smallest shaft or largest hole)


Weld Notes