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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev.

C ABB Switzerland Ltd


January 05

7. COMMISSIONING
7.1. Safety instructions ................................................................... 7-3
7.1.1. Assumptions and preconditions ............................................... 7-3
7.1.2. Regulations.............................................................................. 7-3
7.2. General remarks on commissioning the REB500 protection
system..................................................................................... 7-5
7.3. Commissioning procedure ....................................................... 7-6
7.4. Checks prior to switching on.................................................... 7-7
7.4.1. Record the equipment data...................................................... 7-7
7.4.2. Visually inspect for transport damage...................................... 7-7
7.4.3. Visually inspect the external wiring and cables........................ 7-7
7.4.4. Check the grounding of cubicles and other units ..................... 7-7
7.4.5. Check the auxiliary DC battery supply ..................................... 7-8
7.4.6. Check the settings ................................................................... 7-9
7.4.7. Check the CT circuits............................................................... 7-9
7.4.8. Check the VT circuits............................................................. 7-12
7.5. Commissioning the protection system................................... 7-13
7.5.1. Communicating with the protection system............................ 7-13
7.5.2. Simulation of isolator and circuit-breaker status signals ........ 7-14
7.5.3. Comparison of diagrams........................................................ 7-14
7.5.4. Comparison with the layout of the primary system ................ 7-15
7.5.5. Checking the analog inputs (CTs).......................................... 7-16
7.5.6. Checking the analog inputs (VTs).......................................... 7-16
7.5.7. Checking the binary inputs signals (opto-coupler inputs)....... 7-17
7.5.8. Check auxiliary contacts on the isolators and
circuit-breakers and the CLOSE command ......................... 7-17
7.5.8.1. Wiring the auxiliary contacts .................................................. 7-17
7.5.8.2. Timing sequence ................................................................... 7-18
7.5.8.3. Special version Not CLOSED = OPEN................................ 7-20
7.5.8.4. Checking the isolator and circuit-breaker auxiliary contacts .. 7-21
7.5.8.5. Checking the manual CLOSE command............................. 7-21
7.5.9. Checking the binary output signals (tripping circuits
and alarms)............................................................................ 7-22
7.5.10. Checking the starting of the breaker failure protection........... 7-24
7.5.11. Checking protection stability .................................................. 7-24
7.5.11.1. Checking through-fault stability with de-energized busbars... 7-25
7.5.11.2. Checking through-fault stability with load current................... 7-27
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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C
7.5.12. Setting the system time.......................................................... 7-28
7.5.13. Viewing traceability data ........................................................ 7-28
7.5.14. Final test and inspection ........................................................ 7-28
7.6. Configuring REB500 to match the layout of the primary plant 7-30
7.6.1. Introduction............................................................................ 7-30
7.6.2. Procedure .............................................................................. 7-31
7.6.3. Adding a bay to an existing station ........................................ 7-32
7.6.3.1. Activating provisionally configured bays ................................ 7-32
7.6.3.2. Activating central unit modules .............................................. 7-33
7.6.4. Removing a bay from operation............................................. 7-34
7.6.4.1. Deactivating bays .................................................................. 7-34
7.6.4.2. Deactivating central unit modules .......................................... 7-35
7.6.5. Special cases when adding or decommissioning plant .......... 7-35
7.6.5.1. Deactivating (items of plant shorted)...................................... 7-35
7.6.5.2. Activating and deactivating individual items of plant .............. 7-36
7.7. Additional checks for REB500sys .......................................... 7-37
7.7.1. Commissioning a new station without any HV....................... 7-37
7.7.2. Additions to an existing station .............................................. 7-37

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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C ABB Switzerland Ltd
7. COMMISSIONING
7.1. Safety instructions
7.1.1. Assumptions and preconditions
It is assumed that the REB500 protection system is already
installed and all the input and output signals that have been
configured are also wired and the optical fiber cables run and
tested.
It must also be assumed that the busbars or sections of them are
in operation and that circuit-breakers and isolators are in the
process of being installed or maintained.
The commissioning engineer requires the operating instructions
and the station diagrams prepared by the engineering depart-
ment.
The protection system may only be commissioned by corre-
spondingly trained commissioning personnel.
7.1.2. Regulations


DANGER: Note that when commissioning REB500sys, the
analog input signals act on the bay protection (BP functions)
as well as the busbar protection and the REB500 functions
(EFP, BFP etc.). Especially when the commissioning
subsequently (e.g. following additions to the system), care must
be taken to prevent part of the system which are already in
operation from mal-operating. Corresponding precautions must
be taken (interrupting tripping circuits, blocking system
functions, disabling auxiliary tripping relays).


DANGER: The greatest care must be taken when testing a
bus-bar protection system on busbars in operation, as the
consequences of tripping a circuit-breaker by mistake when
there is no fault, or not tripping it when there is a fault can be
extremely serious.

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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C


DANGER: Before testing the operation of circuit-breakers or
isolators, check that no maintenance is being carried out on the
circuit-breakers or the busbars. Even with the power switched
off, switching operations with people in the vicinity can cause
accidents and injury.


WARNING: Unnecessary switching operations should be
avoided as far as possible, because switchgear has a limited
number of operations and switching disturbs the normal
operation of the station.

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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C ABB Switzerland Ltd
7.2. General remarks on commissioning the REB500 protection
system
The REB500 protection system operates digitally and is equipped
with a continuous self-supervision and diagnostics function (see
Section 3.6. "Self-supervision"). All the functions are (protection)
algorithms computed by the system software.
ABB exhaustively tests the system software before it is released.
The customers specific data are also recorded in software form
in a database, which is similarly tested by the ABB test depart-
ment before being released.
The self-supervision function is so extensive that only few hard-
ware components are not covered. These include the binary
inputs (opto-couplers) and outputs and the analog channels (CT
and VT inputs).
For these reasons, it is superfluous to test the internal func-
tions of the protection by secondary injection. Secondary injec-
tion is therefore restricted to those components which are not
covered by the self-supervision function, i.e.:
binary inputs and outputs and
analog channels
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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C
7.3. Commissioning procedure
The following procedure has proved the best in practice:
Checks prior to switching on
1 Record the equipment data
2 Visually inspect for transport damage
3 Visually inspect the external wiring and cables
4 Check the grounding of cubicles and other units
5 Check the auxiliary DC battery supply
6 Check the settings
7 Check the CT circuits
8 Check the VT circuits

Checks after switching on the protection system
9 Secondary injection tests using the test set
10 Check the binary input signals
11 Check auxiliary contacts on the isolators and circuit-
breakers and the CLOSE command
12 Check the control signal and alarm circuits
13 Check the tripping circuits
14 Check the stability factor
15 Set the system time
16 Record traceability data
17 Final test and inspection


NOTE: Fill in the respective pages of the TEST REPORT in
Section 13.4. Test Report!

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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C ABB Switzerland Ltd
7.4. Checks prior to switching on
7.4.1. Record the equipment data
For purposes of identification and quality assurance, the
following equipment data shall be recorded:
Rated voltage of the primary plant
Busbar configuration (double busbars, 1 breaker scheme etc.)
Type of station (outdoor/indoor, gas insulated)
Cubicle number(s)
Central unit number
Designations and revision indices of the diagrams
7.4.2. Visually inspect for transport damage
Deformed housings, dents and damaged paintwork are an
indication of transport damage. Where such indications are
observed, check the proper function of the respective unit
especially thoroughly. In severe cases, consult the supplier to
assess the best course of action.
Electrical and optical fiber cables must not be bent or pinched.
Check that all the plug-in boards and modules are properly
inserted and secure.
Check that the consignment is complete.
7.4.3. Visually inspect the external wiring and cables
Check that the gauges of all cables are adequate for the current
to be conducted.
Check that the cable screens are properly grounded.
Check the tightness of the connections by exerting moderate
force.
Screened leads must be used for CT and VT circuits as
described in Chapter 6. Erection and Installation.
7.4.4. Check the grounding of cubicles and other units
Cubicles and equipment must be grounded as described in
Chapter 6. Erection and Installation.
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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C
7.4.5. Check the auxiliary DC battery supply
Disconnect the auxiliary supply from the protection equipment
(green connector).
Check the grounding of the battery supply. The battery circuit
can be grounded
at either positive or negative pole
symmetrically via impedances
not at all (ungrounded)
Check for ground faults if the battery circuit is symmetrically
grounded via impedances or ungrounded. A ground fault on the
station battery does not influence the operation of REB500 itself,
but the correct operation of the binary inputs and outputs and
therefore the system as a whole cannot be guaranteed.
Measure the following voltages:
positive to negative
positive to ground
negative to ground
For higher availability, the station may be equipped with
redundant auxiliary supplies. In this case, check the second
battery supply in the same way as the first. The two supplies
must not be connected in parallel at any point.
The battery voltage must be within the permissible range of the
power supply unit(s) in the busbar protection system under all
operating conditions (refer to the technical data of the respective
power supply unit). Check that the battery leads are connected
with the correct polarity.
If all these checks are satisfactory, reinsert the green auxiliary
supply connectors.


NOTE: Make sure that the battery circuits are properly
protected and multiple circuits are not interconnected.


NOTE: Fill in the respective pages of the TEST REPORT in
Section 13.4. Test Report!

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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C ABB Switzerland Ltd

WARNING: Power supply units may never be inserted or with-
drawn with the auxiliary supply connected. Therefore place the
switch on the front of the power supply unit in the off position
and unplug the green connector on the end of the battery cable.
The other modules may only be inserted or withdrawn when
the switch on the front of the power supply unit in the off position
or there is no power supply unit fitted.

7.4.6. Check the settings
The commissioning engineer does not generally have to
calculate or confirm the calculation of the protection settings. He
only checks and records
whether there appear to be basic or obvious errors
who calculated the settings


NOTE: Fill in the respective pages of the TEST REPORT in
Section 13.4. Test Report!

7.4.7. Check the CT circuits


DANGER: Never interrupt CT circuits during operation.
Where manipulations in CT circuits are necessary, be sure to
short-circuit them at the shorting and isolating terminals
beforehand. After completing work on the CT circuits, make
sure that they are closed, i.e. no longer interrupted, and switch
the shorting and isolating terminals back to their normal
operation position again.


NOTE: The CT circuits are not normally tested by the protec-
tion commissioning engineer. He only records who checked
them.

Check that the CTs are connected in strict accordance with the
diagram supplied.
Perform the following checks to establish the correctness of the
CTs and CT circuits:
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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C
Polarity
The test circuit is given in Fig. 7.1.
There must be a positive deflection on the voltmeter when the
switch (S) closed. The polarity must be checked at every protec-
tion unit.
This provisionally checks the CT circuit and confirms the polarity
of the CT.
P1
P2 s2
s1
+
Battery
(e.g. 4.5 V) V
HEST 005040 C
S
+

Fig. 7.1 Circuit for checking CT polarity
Ratio and wiring
The CT ratios and wiring are checked by primary injection be-
tween the three phases R,S and T and ground (R-0, S-0 and T-
0) and phase-to-phase (R-S and R-T). The phase and neutral
currents flowing in protection input circuits are tested.
Apart from checking the ratios and wiring, the phase-to-phase
injection also checks that all three phases are connected with
the same polarity.
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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C ABB Switzerland Ltd
L1
L2
L3
L0
~
~
Protection
HEST 005041 C

Fig. 7.2 Example of primary phase-to-ground injection
Knee-point voltage
This requires the connection of an AC test voltage (HV!) to the
CT secondary and the measurement of current and voltage. The
primary winding must not be short-circuited.
The values recorded indicate whether the CT has a protection or
metering core. A protection core has a relatively high knee-point
voltage (the point at which a 10% reduction of voltage pro-
duces a 50% reduction of current).


NOTE: This check is very important, since swapped protection
and metering cores are only apparent during a power system
fault (possible false tripping of the BBP or failure of the BFP to
trip) not in normal operation.


Fig. 7.3 Recording the magnetizing curve
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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C
Grounding
Every electrically insulated CT circuit must be grounded at one
point (of advantage is a point that is accessible during normal
operation).


NOTE: Fill in the respective pages of the TEST REPORT in
Section 13.4. Test Report!

7.4.8. Check the VT circuits


NOTE: The VT circuits are not normally tested by the protec-
tion commissioning engineer. He only records who checked
them.

Check that the VTs are connected in strict accordance with the
diagram supplied.
Perform the following checks to establish the correctness of the
VTs and VT circuits:
Polarity
This test is generally performed on the secondary windings.
Ratio
Measure the secondary voltage after switching on.
Grounding
Every electrically insulated VT circuit must be grounded at one
point (of advantage is a point that is accessible during normal
operation).

NOTE: Fill in the respective pages of the TEST REPORT in
Section 13.4. Test Report!

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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C ABB Switzerland Ltd
7.5. Commissioning the protection system


DANGER: To avoid any possible false tripping due to wiring
mistakes, interrupt all the tripping circuits before switching the
protection on for the first time.

The protection system is switched on by placing the switch on
the power supply units in the ON position. Providing all the bay
units (BUs) are switched on and correctly connected by optical
fiber cables to the central unit (CU), the system is ready for
operation and standing by after the initialization procedure
(about 5 min). The display shows, for example:
Ready Alarm Trip
ABB REB 500 V7.xx (xx = Softwareversion)
V1.50AB 03-11-03
Should this not be the case, follow the procedure given in
Chapter 9 Fault finding.
There should not be any alarms, assuming all the isolators and
return confirmation signals are properly connected and
energized (if not, see Section 7.5.2. 'Simulation of isolator and
circuit-breaker status signals').
Other operations require the connection of a PC (HMI500 pro-
gram) in order to be able to communicate with the protection
system.
7.5.1. Communicating with the protection system
Connecting the PC
The PC is connected to the central unit or bay unit by means of
the optical connecting cable supplied.
Minimum PC requirements
The PC operator program runs on an IBM PC or compatible
running MS Windows. The minimum PC requirements are
described in Section 4.3.1.
Starting the operator program
See Section 4.4. Starting HMI500.
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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C
7.5.2. Simulation of isolator and circuit-breaker status signals
In order to operate, the REB500 protection system requires
signals from the isolators and circuit-breakers indicating their
status. If one or several positions are unknown, the protection
system starts incompletely. The system is only fully operational
and standing by when all the position signals are available.
At the beginning of commissioning, these signals are frequently
incorrectly wired or the supply for the auxiliary contacts is not
switched on. To enable commissioning of the protection system
to proceed in spite of this, the positions of the isolators and
circuit-breakers have to be simulated. This can be achieved
either using jumpers at the terminals or by simulating opto-
coupler positions in the test mode (see Section 4.5.5.1. for the
operation of the test generator). Double click on status field of an
opto-coupler input to change its status. The color of the status
field then changes to yellow.
Once this has been done, no alarms with the exception of Test
generator active may be active.
7.5.3. Comparison of diagrams
Check that the binary and analog inputs and binary outputs in
the station diagram conform to the REB500 diagram. Systematic
discrepancies such as a different polarity of all CTs can, of
course, occur and are permissible. The diagrams must then be
corrected accordingly.
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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C ABB Switzerland Ltd
1 A
5 A
N
1
2
3
I
L
1
1 A
5 A
N
4
5
6
I
L
2
1 A
5 A
N
7
8
9
I
L
3
1 A
5 A
N
1
0
1
1
1
2
I
L
0
HEST 025002 C
L
3
L
2
L
1

Fig. 7.4 Standard CT wiring diagram
7.5.4. Comparison with the layout of the primary system
Check that the REB500 plant diagram (layout) conforms to the
primary system (see Section 7.6.).


NOTE: Check that the locations of the CTs in the single-line
diagram in the REB500 database (HMI500, menu item Single-
line diagram in the View menu) conforms to the actual primary
system. This check is essential if an end fault protection is
installed, because it influences the tripping logic and none of the
tests discloses an incorrect location.

Should some items of primary system plant not yet be installed,
the have to be masked accordingly (see Section 7.6.).
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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C
7.5.5. Checking the analog inputs (CTs)
Using a test set, SVERKER or ABB MODURES Type XS92b,
inject a current into each of the CT inputs.
The CTs can be checked in one of the following ways:
Reading the injected currents on the local HMI.
(Note: The readings are referred to the primary values.)
Reading the injected currents via HMI500 by selecting
Analog input measurements in the View menu
Reading the injected currents via HMI500 by selecting
Protection zone measurements in the View menu
Reading the injected currents via HMI500 by selecting
Single-line diagram in the View menu
Increasing the currents until the protection function (e.g.
busbar or end fault protection function) picks up.
Checking usually involves increasing the current until the
protection function picks up, but this is not imperative.


NOTE: Fill in the respective pages of the TEST REPORT in
Section 13.4. Test Report!

7.5.6. Checking the analog inputs (VTs)
Using a test set, SVERKER or ABB MODURES Type XS92b,
injects a voltage into each of the voltage transformer inputs.
The checks can be executed in different ways:
Reading the injected voltage on the local HMI
Reading the injected voltage via HMI500 by selecting Analog
input measurements in the View menu.


NOTE: Primary values of phase-to-neutral voltages are
displayed.

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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C ABB Switzerland Ltd


NOTE: Fill in the respective pages of the TEST REPORT in
Section 13.4. Test Report!

7.5.7. Checking the binary inputs signals (opto-coupler inputs)
Check the proper function of every binary opto-coupler input by
exciting the signal source.
The binary inputs can be checked in one of the following ways:
Reading the statuses on the local control unit
Reading the statuses via the HMI500 by selecting Binary
input/output status in the View menu
Checking the events generated in the event list.
The event list enables the correct assignment of the signals as
well as their operation to be checked.


NOTE: Fill in the respective pages of the TEST REPORT in
Section 13.4. Test Report!

7.5.8. Check auxiliary contacts on the isolators and circuit-
breakers and the CLOSE command
The function of these signals is described in Sections 3.7.3. and
3.7.4.
7.5.8.1. Wiring the auxiliary contacts


NOTE: The standard wiring of the N/C auxiliary contacts on
L1, L2 and L3 phases of isolators and circuit-breakers is in
series and the N/O contacts in parallel (see Fig. 7.5).

This is reversed in the case of the special version Not CLOSED
= OPEN (see Fig. 7.7).

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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C
+
+
Switch
open
Switch
closed
CB close
command
CB close command

HEST 005039 C

Fig. 7.5 Isolator and circuit-breaker statuses for the
manual CLOSE signal
7.5.8.2. Timing sequence
To be able to operate discriminatively, the protection has to
know the actual configuration of the busbars. For this purpose,
all auxiliary contacts on the isolators and circuit-breakers
must be connected to the binary inputs of the respective bay
units.
Thus every isolator and circuit-breaker has to be equipped with
potentially-free normally open and normally closed contacts for
every phase, the N/O contact signaling that the corresponding
pole is closed and the N/C contact that it is open.
Isolators
During the closing operation of an isolator, the N/O contact must
already signal its closed status before the main contacts reach
their breakdown voltage.
Conversely, during the opening operation, the N/O contact
(CLOSED signal) should not open before the main contacts
have exceeded their breakdown voltage and it is impossible for
an arc to ignite. If this condition cannot be fulfilled, i.e. the N/O
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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C ABB Switzerland Ltd
contact signals that the isolator is open before it has reached its
breakdown voltage, the N/C contact must not close before the
main contact exceeds its breakdown voltage.
Circuit-breakers
In the case of a closed circuit-breaker, the auxiliary contact for
CLOSED simply has to signal CLOSED.
The auxiliary contact for OPEN simply has to signal OPEN
when the circuit-breaker is open.
The auxiliary contacts on a circuit-breaker do not have to take its
breakdown voltage into account (see Fig. 7.6).
The problem is therefore solved using the circuit-breaker
CLOSE command and an adjustable reclaim time (see Section
3.8.7.4.).


NOTE: The minimum duration of the circuit-breaker CLOSE
command must guarantee that the CLOSE auxiliary contact is
definitely closed (must overlap). If necessary this has to be
achieved by configuring an input signal prolongation for the
circuit-breaker CLOSE command.

End position:
Isolator/bus-tie breaker
open
Aux. contact must be closed
Isolator/bus-tie breaker closing
N/O aux.contact signalling
main contact CLOSED
Isolator/bus-tie breaker opening
Flashover gap
End position:
Isolator/bus-tie breaker
closed
Aux. contact may be closed
Aux. contact must be open
N/O aux.contact signalling
main contact OPEN
Isolator/bus-tie breaker
main contact
HEST 005036 C

Fig. 7.6 Isolator timing sequence
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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C
The protection system supervises that only one signal is being
generated (i.e. either CLOSED or OPEN), otherwise an
isolator alarm is given after a delay. The alarm can be configured
to block the protection if necessary (see Section 3.7.4.6.).
7.5.8.3. Special version Not CLOSED = OPEN
If the auxiliary contacts do not fulfill the above conditions, the
logic Not CLOSED = OPEN can be used. (This is, however, a
special version and not absolutely necessary. Its application has
to be decided from case to case.) The arrangement must include
an additional input signal which supervises the isolator auxiliary
supply.

ABB principle:
Isolator
closed
open
Current measurement
open closed open
1
0
1
1
1
1
1
1
1
0
0
0
0
0
0
0
closed
open
Current measurement
not CLOSED = OPEN:
(When both isolator position
inputs are inverted)
HEST 005042 C
Fig. 7.7 Switching sequence of the isolator auxiliary
contacts
Inverting the logic means that local events are generated while a
bay unit is starting that signal a change of input status that did
not take place. Correct operation is nevertheless unimpaired.
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7.5.8.4. Checking the isolator and circuit-breaker auxiliary contacts
Check the timing sequence of the isolator auxiliary contacts by
inspecting the construction of the isolator or assessing it from the
respective data sheet.
Verify the operation of the CLOSED and OPEN contacts
1. according to the circuit diagram and
2. by physically opening and closing the isolator. This can be
accomplished by opening one of the following HMI500 or
local HMI dialogues:
View/Switchgear objects
View/Binary input/output status
View/Single-line diagram (HMI500 only)


NOTE: Fill in the respective pages of the TEST REPORT in
Section 13.4. Test Report!

7.5.8.5. Checking the manual CLOSE command
Further information on the operation is given in Section 3.8.7.


NOTE: Check for every configured circuit-breaker that its
CLOSED signal (command) is detected by the protection, i.e.
CLOSE commands from local and remote devices, from the
station automation system (SAS) or from the auto-reclosure
equipment.

The local HMI is the best way of checking the circuit-breaker
CLOSE command, because the signal is generated only briefly
and the local HMI is refreshed the quickest. The corresponding
menu item is Measurements/Inputs.
Alternatively the circuit-breaker CLOSE command can be
temporarily configured as and event and its operation observed
in the HMI500 event list.


NOTE: Fill in the respective pages of the TEST REPORT in
Section 13.4. Test Report!

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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C
7.5.9. Checking the binary output signals (tripping circuits and
alarms)
The contact load and rupture capacity given in Chapter 3.
Structure, Function and Technical specification must not be
exceeded.


WARNING: Test operations of circuit-breakers and isolators
require the permission of the user and all the prescribed
safety precautions must be observed. Avoid unnecessary
switching operations.

The tripping circuits are tested in the same way as the alarm
circuits by setting them appropriately in the test mode (the
operation of the test generator is described in Section 4.5.5.1.).
Set the HMI500 to the test mode by selecting Test mode from
the Testing menu.


NOTE: To enable a start to be made, the password is set to
Test (case sensitive) when the program is supplied.

Click on the Unblock all relays button in the test mode
dialogue.
In the test mode, select Binary input/output status in the View
menu to view the outputs of a binary module. The status of an
output can be changed by double-clicking on the corresponding
field, which then changes to yellow.
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Fig. 7.8 HMI500 dialogue Binary input/output status in
the View menu
Check that the correct circuit-breaker tripping coil is tripped by
the correspondingly configured tripping output.
Energizing the output relay checks all the external alarms and
trips.


NOTE: It is recommended to transmit the signals to activate
all the external alarms on the system (annunciator panels,
station automation system etc.) to ensure that an alarm is
always externally signaled. This can also be achieved by
combining several alarms (general alarm).



WARNING: All external relay coils must be fitted with
freewheel diodes or voltage-dependent resistors (VDRs).
Tripping signals are generally interrupted by the circuit-breaker
itself.


NOTE: Fill in the respective pages of the TEST REPORT in
Section 13.4. Test Report!

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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C
7.5.10. Checking the starting of the breaker failure protection
The breaker failure protection is started by various other
protection functions and therefore its connections to each of
them have to be checked (same procedure as in Section 7.5.7.
Checking the binary inputs signals (opto-coupler inputs)).


NOTE: In principle, every protection function that can trip the
circuit-breaker should also start the breaker failure protection.

These are typically:
Busbar protection (when busbar and breaker failure
protection functions are performed by REB500, the
connection between the two is established in the software)
Bay protection (distance or longitudinal differential)
Remote trip from the other end of a line (direct transfer
tripping)
Transformer protection (differential, Buchholz or
overtemperature)
Overcurrent protection trip.


NOTE: Take care that the tripping signals generated by the
bay protection (e.g. distance protection) are used to start the
breaker failure protection and not the starting signals of the bay
protection functions (e.g. distance protection starting signals).


NOTE: Starting has to be single-phase where single-phase
reclosure is being applied, otherwise three-phase starting is
permissible.

7.5.11. Checking protection stability
The stability check verifies that all the CTs are connected with
the correct polarity and have the correct ratio.
All the feeder and bus-tie breaker CTs must be included,
otherwise correct operation of the protection cannot be
guaranteed.
Wherever possible the stability should be checked before the
busbar is energized, because the risk of a busbar fault is
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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C ABB Switzerland Ltd
especially high when it is being energized for the first time
(flashovers, grounding isolators still closed etc.).
7.5.11.1. Checking through-fault stability with de-energized busbars
Inject a current from a primary injection test set (25 % of the CT
rated current is recommended) into two feeders (a reference
feeder and one other feeder, see Fig. 7.9). Any feeder can be
used as reference. Compare each of the other feeders and bus-
tie breaker with the reference feeder.
If a bus-tie breaker is only equipped with one set of CTs, note
that the they are used by two busbar sections.
In the case of a bus-tie breaker equipped with two sets of CTs
(see Fig. 7.10), make sure that the set of CTs assigned to the
busbar section under test is checked. The simplest way of
ensuring this is to short-circuit the CTs belonging to the section
not under test directly at the CTs or as close as possible to them.
The feeder currents and the differential current can be read
using HMI500.


NOTE: The comparison with the reference feeder must be con-
ducted for phase and neutral currents for protection schemes
that evaluate the neutral current.

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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C
Reference feeder
Primary
injection
test set
I
II

Fig. 7.9 Test set-up for checking protection through-fault
stability by primary injection (2 feeders)

Reference feeder
Primary
injection
test set
Short-circuit CTs
I
II

Fig. 7.10 Test set-up for checking protection through-fault
stability by primary injection on busbar I (bus-tie
breaker with two sets of CTs)
Result of the check of Fig. 7.10
BBI and BBII are not conducting differential current.
Repeat the check for the CTs of BBII.

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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C ABB Switzerland Ltd
7.5.11.2. Checking through-fault stability with load current
Where protection stability cannot be tested before the busbar is
energized or in the case of an extension to an existing system, it
has to be tested using load current.


WARNING: For this test, either tripping by the protection has to
be blocked or the tripping circuits have to be interrupted before
the currents are applied to the protection.

In order to carry out the test, all the amplitudes and directions of
the primary currents must be known. Perform one of the following:
Alternative a) Short-circuit the CTs and isolate them from the
protection.
Alternative b) Use the test mode to simulate that all the
isolators are open (this is the simpler method).
In the case of a), connect the infeeds one by one, or in the case
of b), simulate the closure of the isolators one by one. Whichever
method is chosen, check that the differential current increases
as each infeed is connected (either HMI500 or the local HMI in
the central unit). Repeat this procedure with the loads and the
differential current must reduce as each feeder is connected.


NOTE: In the case of systems, which evaluate the neutral
current, the differential current of the neutral measurement must
be checked as well. A neutral current has to be simulated in a
symmetrical power system in order to perform the stability test
(see Fig. 7.11).

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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C

Fig. 7.11 Testing the through-fault stability of the neutral
circuit


WARNING: Take great care not to open-circuit a CT secondary
by mistake.
Any other protection devices in the same CT secondary circuit
must not be influenced in any way (e.g. transformer differential
protection or ground fault relays).

NOTE: Fill in the respective pages of the TEST REPORT in
Section 13.4. Test Report!

7.5.12. Setting the system time
Set the date and local time by selecting Set system time in the
HMI500 Tools menu.
7.5.13. Viewing traceability data
Refer to Section 4.5.5.2. Testing / Installation mode.
7.5.14. Final test and inspection
Print the report with all the settings and the configuration by
selecting Reports in the Tools menu and checking the Print
all reports checkbox in the dialogue that opens (see Section
4.5.6.2. Tools / Reports).
Check all the settings and the configured features such as as-
signment of modules, auxiliary supply values and the assign-
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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C ABB Switzerland Ltd
ment of signals to each opto-coupler input and relay output once
again in the report!!
Visually check that all the temporary changes have been re-
moved and the system restored to its operational state. Pay
special attention to:
interrupted tripping circuits
interrupted alarms
interrupted input signals
short-circuited CTs
interrupted VTs
Make sure that the report has been completely filled in.
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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C
7.6. Configuring REB500 to match the layout of the primary
plant
7.6.1. Introduction
If the layout of the primary plant changes, the image of the
station in REB500 has to be reconfigured to suit.
The simplest way of achieving this is activating and deactivating
individual items of plant or groups of items using HMI500.


NOTE: The layout of the station as presented by HMI500
under View/Single-line diagram must always reflect the
actual arrangement of the primary plant.

Reconfiguration can become necessary when:
a bay has been added to the station (see Section 7.6.3.)
a bay is either taken out of service (e.g. a feeder which is no
longer needed is dismantled) or cannot be commissioned
immediately (see Section 7.6.4.)
a bus-tie breaker or longitudinal isolator is planned for the
future and is shorted on the primary side during commis-
sioning (see Section 7.6.5.)
for example, a feeder circuit-breaker has not been installed
yet, but the feeder itself has to be commissioned (see
Section 7.6.5.)


NOTE: All planned additions to the station must be provision-
ally configured when engineering the system.

Provisionally configured bays and items of plant (future addi-
tions) appear white in the single-line diagram presented by
HMI500 under View/Single-line diagram (see Fig. 7.12
View/Single-line diagram).
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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C ABB Switzerland Ltd

Fig. 7.12 View/Single-line diagram
7.6.2. Procedure
The procedure for reconfiguring REB500 is as follows:
1. Activate or deactivate bays and items of plant to correspond
to the actual situation of the station (see Sections 7.6.3.,
7.6.4. and 7.6.5.).
2. Block REB500 by applying a signal to the input Block output
relays on the central unit.
3. If a bay unit has to be deactivated, it must be switched off
from this point on.
4. If modules have to be added to or removed from the central
unit, this has to be done now (see Section 8.5. Replacing
units).
5. Enter the HMI500 installation mode by selecting
Testing/Installation mode and delete the existing REB500
database by selecting Delete database in the protection
system. HMI500 then terminates automatically.
6. In can occur occasionally with CPU 04 that the installation
mode does not correctly delete the database. REB500
cannot then restart and the database has to be deleted a
second time using RebLoad (see Section 8.5.7. Delete
database).
7. Restart HMI500 when Load database appears on the local
HMI of the central unit.
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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C
8. Download the modified database by selecting File/Download
to protection system. REB500 then restarts automatically.
9. If additions to the station have been unmasked, the
corresponding bay units must now be connected and
addresses assigned to them (see Section 8.5.3.).
10. If plant that has been removed from operation is being
recommissioned, this has to be carried out in accordance
with the present Chapter 7. Commissioning.
7.6.3. Adding a bay to an existing station
If a complete bay is being added to a station (e.g. feeder or bus-
tie), then
the bay has to be activated in HMI500 (see Section 7.6.3.1.)
the new hardware (e.g. bay unit) has to be connected in
accordance with the REB500 wiring diagram
7.6.3.1. Activating provisionally configured bays
To activate a provisionally configured bay, select Configuration /
Activate/deactivate device in HMI500 and then click on the
button Activate all (see Fig. 7.13 Configuration -
Activate/deactivate device).
A bay that has been newly activated appears black in the single-
line diagram (see Fig. 7.12 View/Single-line diagram).
Occasionally, it is a condition that although the primary equip-
ment of a bay has not been installed and thus no signals can be
transmitted to the protection, the REB500 bay unit has to be
fitted and in operation. In this case, open the dialogue
Activate/deactivate device in the Configuration menu and with
the corresponding bay selected click on the button Activate (no
objects) (see Fig. 7.13).
Bays activated in this mode still appear white, but their
designations are black to show that they are active.
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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C ABB Switzerland Ltd

Fig. 7.13 Configuration - Activate/deactivate device
7.6.3.2. Activating central unit modules
It is necessary to activate central unit modules when:
an additional power supply unit is inserted
an additional bay is connected to a bus segment (node ID)
that is deactivated. All the modules of the bus segment
concerned then have to be activated, i.e. CPU, TRM, MBA
and SCM (see Section 3.2.2.)
Central unit modules are activated by selecting in HMI500 and
clicking on the button Activate (see Fig. 7.14 Configuration -
Activate/deactivate / device modules in the central unit).
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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C

Fig. 7.14 Configuration - Activate/deactivate / device
modules in the central unit
7.6.4. Removing a bay from operation
If a bay (e.g. feeder or bus-tie) in a station is being removed from
operation or not commissioned yet, then
the bay has to be deactivated in HMI500 (see Section
7.6.4.1.)
the deactivated hardware (e.g. bay unit) has to be
disconnected
This can become necessary, for example, when the primary
equipment has been removed or de-energized (including the
auxiliary DC supply) for a long period.
7.6.4.1. Deactivating bays
To deactivate a complete bay, select Configuration /
Activate/deactivate device in HMI500 and then click on the
button Deactivate (all objects open) (see Fig. 7.13
Configuration - Activate/deactivate device).
A bay that has been deactivated appears white in the single-line
diagram (see Fig. 7.12 View/Single-line diagram).
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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C ABB Switzerland Ltd
7.6.4.2. Deactivating central unit modules
It is necessary to deactivate central unit modules when:
an additional power supply unit is removed
after deactivating a bay, a bus segment (node ID) is no
longer needed. All the modules of the bus segment
concerned then have to be deactivated, i.e. CPU, TRM, MBA
and SCM (see Section 3.2.2.)
Central unit modules are deactivated by selecting in HMI500 and
clicking on the button Deactivate (see Fig. 7.14).
7.6.5. Special cases when adding or decommissioning plant
In a very few cases, it may be necessary to activate or deacti-
vate devices in the following manner:
7.6.5.1. Deactivating (items of plant shorted)
Application example:
Where a bus-tie breaker or longitudinal isolator is only planned
for the future and is shorted during commissioning, it is
configured by clicking on the button Deactivate (all objects
closed) (see Fig. 7.15 Shorted longitudinal isolator).


Fig. 7.15 Shorted longitudinal isolator
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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C
7.6.5.2. Activating and deactivating individual items of plant
Application example:
The circuit-breaker of a feeder has not been installed, the feeder,
however, has to be commissioned without it.
This is achieved by selecting Configuration Activate/
deactivate device/System objects and clicking on the button
Deactivate (object closed) (see Fig. 7.16 Deactivating
individual items of plant).


WARNING: Activating and deactivating individual items of
plant such as individual isolators can cause the protection
system to respond in an unexpected manner. Deactivating items
of plant affects the protection intertripping and tripping logic and
may therefore only be carried out following consultation with
ABB.
ABB cannot accept any responsibility for incorrect use of
this function!



Fig. 7.16 Deactivating individual items of plant
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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C ABB Switzerland Ltd
7.7. Additional checks for REB500sys
The following additional checks described below are necessary
to commission the bay protection function.
7.7.1. Commissioning a new station without any HV
When commissioning a new station or a station, which is not
energized, the busbar and breaker failure protection functions
(standard REB500sys functions) and the bay protection function
(line protection options) can be commissioned separately,
although certain tests do overlap and should be coordinated to
save time.
Note also that, for example, injecting current in the analog input
of one feeder can trip other feeders via the intertripping logic.
This can, however, be prevented by taking the appropriate
precautions (interrupting tripping circuits, blocking station
protection functions or blocking tripping relays).
7.7.2. Additions to an existing station
When adding to an existing station protected by REB500sys,
more checks have to be carried out than is the case with
REB500 (e.g. auto-reclosure cycle). To avoid any risk of the
station protection functions (BBP, BFP and EFP) being affected
and possibly mal-operating when performing the additional
checks, the following procedure is recommended. The basic
philosophy is to check the bay unit on its own first (without the
rest of the REB500 system). This is done in the stand-alone bay
unit mode and requires that the setfile be loaded in the bay unit
to be extended beforehand as follows:
Step 1
Interrupt the optical fiber link between the central unit and the by
unit to be commissioned.
Step 2
Switch on the auxiliary supply to the new bay unit.
Step 3
Appropriately update the setfile of the REB500sys in question to
include the new bay unit (activate the feeder, see Section 7.6.)
and download it to the new bay unit. The setfile must include
all the settings needed for the new bay unit.
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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C
Step 4
Check the analog inputs.
Refer to Sections 7.5.5. and 7.5.6.
Measuring the pick-up values of functions (e.g. distance
protection function) is unnecessary, because they are fully
processed by the software and any error would be detected by
the self-supervision function. However, it is normal to measure
the reactances of the various distance measuring zones. This
may be omitted if a suitable test set is not available.
Step 5
Check the binary inputs and outputs.
Refer to Sections 7.5.7., 7.5.8. and 7.5.9.
Step 6
Providing the auto-reclosure function is active, a complete auto-
reclosure cycle with the circuit-breaker should be carried out,
since it depends on various external signals (circuit-breaker
status, spring pressure etc.). The correct processing of these
signals can be verified using the test sequencer (see Chapter
12). An external current or voltage source is not necessary.
Step 7
Block the REB500 system (e.g. using Block output relays on
the central unit).
Step 8
Download the updated setfile to the central unit.
This requires that the PC running HMI500 be connected either
directly to the central unit or a bay unit, which is already
operational.


WARNING: On no account connect the optical fiber link to the
new bay unit before the setfile has been successfully
downloaded to the central unit.

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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C ABB Switzerland Ltd
Step 9
Switch off the bay unit.
Connect the optical fiber cable going to the central unit.
Switch on the bay unit.
Step 10
Perform the busbar protection through-fault stability check (see
Section 7.5.11.).
Step 11
Check the direction of the distance protection function with
load current.
This is achieved by measuring real and apparent power in L1
phase.
The real and apparent power measurements of all the directional
functions can viewed by selecting View/BP function monitoring.
The direction Forwards or Backwards is also displayed for
both real and apparent power as soon as a valid measurement
has been made.
The display is influenced by the setting CT Neutral Line
side/Busbar side for the distance protection function.
The default setting of CT Neutral for the distance protection
function is CTs grounded on the busbar side.
Note the following with respect to busbar protection:
The side on which the CTs are grounded is of no consequence
for the busbar protection and does not therefore have a setting.
What is important, however, is that the grounding of all the CTs
on the busbars is the same (and have the same winding sense),
otherwise the differential current will not be correct.
Where this is not the case, the connections to the corresponding
CT inputs on the respective bay units must be reversed (current
phase-angle rotated by 180).
In the feeders in which the current direction has been rotated in
the bay unit by 180, the setting parameter 'CT Neutra' of the
distance function must also be respectively corrected to
corresspond to actual earting direction of the CT.
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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. C
Check the direction of the transformer differential protection
function with load current.
The stability check is performed by comparing the incoming and
outgoing current with the differential current.
The differential current should be very small (in the low %
values) in comparison to the throughput current.
The incoming and the outgoing current can be checked in the
display 'Analog input measurements' for the respective feeder.
The circulating current (and the restraining current) are displayed
in the menu 'BP function monitoring' under 'Transformer
differential protection'.

Step 12
Restore REB500 to normal operation.
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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. D ABB Switzerland Ltd
August 05

8. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE
8.1. Introduction.............................................................................. 8-3
8.1.1. Safety instructions ................................................................... 8-4
8.2. Operation................................................................................. 8-5
8.2.1. Introduction.............................................................................. 8-5
8.2.2. Viewing data on the local HMI ................................................. 8-5
8.2.2.1. Menu structure......................................................................... 8-8
8.2.3. Signalling LEDs and display texts............................................ 8-9
8.2.3.1. Normal operation with no failures ............................................ 8-9
8.2.3.2. Alarm status............................................................................. 8-9
8.2.3.3. Tripped status .......................................................................... 8-9
8.2.3.4. Resetting the protection after a trip........................................ 8-10
8.2.4. Viewing the event list and disturbance recorder records........ 8-10
8.2.5. Critical switching operations during normal operation............ 8-10
8.3. Maintenance .......................................................................... 8-12
8.3.1. Protection system defect........................................................ 8-12
8.3.1.1. General alarm........................................................................ 8-12
8.3.1.2. Unexpected restart and start-up phase.................................. 8-12
8.3.1.3. Differential current alarm........................................................ 8-13
8.3.1.4. Isolator alarm......................................................................... 8-13
8.3.2. Protection blocking functions ................................................. 8-13
8.3.3. Protection tripping.................................................................. 8-15
8.3.4. Special operating modes ....................................................... 8-17
8.3.4.1. Inspection and maintenance.................................................. 8-17
8.3.4.2. Transfer tripping..................................................................... 8-18
8.3.4.3. Isolator auxiliary contact logic Not OPEN=CLOSED ........... 8-18
8.4. Periodic maintenance ............................................................ 8-19
8.4.1. General .................................................................................. 8-19
8.4.2. Examples of maintenance checks ......................................... 8-19
8.4.3. Example: Maintenance check on a feeder circuit-breaker ..... 8-20
8.4.4. Example: Maintenance check on a bus-tie breaker ............... 8-29
8.4.5. Maintenance of bay protection functions
(REB500sys only) .................................................................. 8-32
8.4.6. Checking the local HMI .......................................................... 8-32
8.5. Replacing units ...................................................................... 8-33
8.5.1. Procedure .............................................................................. 8-33
8.5.2. Replacing modules in the central unit .................................... 8-34
8-1
ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. D
8.5.3. Replacing a bay unit .............................................................. 8-35
8.5.4. Checking newly installed hardware........................................ 8-37
8.5.5. Report and traceability data................................................... 8-37
8.5.6. Restoring the system to operation ......................................... 8-37
8.5.7. Delete database..................................................................... 8-38
8.6. Returning modules for repair ................................................. 8-39

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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. D ABB Switzerland Ltd
8. OPERATION AND MAINTENANCE
8.1. Introduction
REB500 includes continuous comprehensive self-supervision
and diagnosis of the software and hardware components. By
setting up a proper signaling scheme while commissioning the
system, most failures are signaled externally (see Section 7.5.9.
Checking the binary output signals). They can include internal
REB500 as well as external failures in primary and secondary
systems that influence the response of the protection. Other
failures that are not detected (e.g. interrupted tripping circuit) are
located and cleared while carrying out periodic inspection and
maintenance (see Section 8.4.). Checks and measurements
while the system is in normal operation (no active alarms) are
therefore unnecessary.


NOTE: Normal operation without any faults is also indicated by
the fact that only green LED are lit on he local HMI.

An alarm (external or on the local HMI) can concern a failure in
the REB500 system (e.g. hardware failure) or in the associated
primary plant (e.g. incorrect isolator status signal).


WARNING: Should the system generate an alarm, inform the
trained maintenance personnel responsible.

8-3
ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. D
8.1.1. Safety instructions


WARNING: Checks and maintenance on the REB500 system
may only be carried out by properly trained personnel.


WARNING: Only properly trained and authorized personnel
should be in possession of the HMI500 password.

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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. D ABB Switzerland Ltd
8.2. Operation
8.2.1. Introduction
Operation in the case of the REB500 busbar protection system is
confined to supervising the proper function of the system and
assessing the system data.
There are different ways of viewing operating, disturbance and
tripping data:
local HMI (see Section 8.2.2.)
PC running HMI500 (see Chapter 4)
remote HMI (see Chapter 11)
station automation system (SCS) (see Chapter 11)
8.2.2. Viewing data on the local HMI
The local HMI provides a quick overview of the status of the
protection (normal operation, alarms and trips) without having to
connect a PC.
It is fitted in every central unit and as an option in the bay units.
On the front, it has a four-line display, three LEDs and six
pushbuttons. These enable the equipment to be operated and
controlled simply and conveniently where it is installed. An
interface is also provided, however, for connecting a PC, which
comprises an opto-electrical converter for electrically isolating
the computer from the protection equipment, thus preventing the
ingress of electrical interference.
Whether on the central unit or a bay unit, the local HMI enables
the following to be viewed:
current and voltage measurements
statuses of inputs and outputs
alarms (generated by the respective bay unit)
system (or respective bay unit) settings
settings of all the specific bay unit protection functions
8-5
ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. D
HEST 005025 C
LEDs: green yellow red
Optical PC
interface
X.XX
Trip Alarm Standby

Fig. 8.1 Local human-machine-interface (LHMI)
LEDs
Each LED can be on one of three conditions: not lit, flashing or
continuously lit. All the LEDs flash while the system is being
initialized.
Green
The green LED does not light before the system has
completed initialization and is standing by. If the green LED is
not lit or flashes, the device is either not switched on or
defective.
Yellow
The yellow LED flashes to signal an alarm condition (e.g.
differential current or isolator alarm). When a button is
pressed or a trip occurs while it is flashing, the LED changes
to being continuously lit.
Red
The red LED indicates a trip. It remains lit until reset by a
binary signal applied to the reset input or by selecting the
HMI Reset latching function.
20 LED signals
20 additional LEDs are provided on the local HMI, each of which
can be assigned to any output signal and configured to latch or
not latch as the case may be.
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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. D ABB Switzerland Ltd
LCD
In the event of an alarm or a trip, the functions of the three LEDs
are shown on the top line and the other lines describe the event
that has occurred. The respective information is displayed
according to the location in the menu structure.
If none of the buttons are operated for about 10 minutes, the
display backlight switches of. It switches on again automatically
as soon as a button is pressed. The initial pressing of a button
while the backlight is off does not change the previous display.
Pushbuttons
The six pushbuttons are used primarily to navigate through the
menu structure. Any of them switches the display backlight on
again if it was switched off. If the backlight is switched on, any of
the buttons acknowledges the current HMI display.
Button E
Press button E to go to the next menu down.
Button C
Press button C to return to the main menu. If Reset latching
is the current menu, pressing this button resets any relays
that are latched.
Arrow buttons
The buttons marked and are for scrolling through
displays of information needing more than four lines.
The buttons marked and are for moving through the
menus item by item.
Setting the bay unit ID
See Section 8.5.
Checking the local HMI
See Section 8.4.6.
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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. D
8.2.2.1. Menu structure
The menu structures of central unit and bay unit are basically the
same. The central unit has additional menu items for system
settings and specific bay units.
Menu structure of the central unit
Alarms

Trips
Reset
Latching
LEDs (500BU03 only)
Blocking (500BU03 only)
Central unit
Meas. var.
Bus zones
Bus zone 1
Diff. cur. alarm
Bus zone 2
Diff. cur. alarm
... (other bus zones as configured)
Inputs
Slot 16 (where fitted)
Slot 18 (where fitted)
Outputs
Slot 16 (where fitted)
Slot 18 (where fitted)
Global values
Settings
System response
Busbar protection
Phases
Neutral
Module check

Bay units
Bay unit 1
Meas. var.
Currents
Voltages
Inputs
Outputs
Circuit-breakers
Breaker designation
... (where configured)
Settings
BBP
BFP (where configured)
OCDT (where configured)
EFP (where configured)
PDF (where configured)
Bay unit 2
See bay unit 1
... (other bay units as configured)
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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. D ABB Switzerland Ltd
Menu structure of the bay unit
Alarms
Trips
Reset
Latching
LEDs (500BU03 only)
Blocking (500BU03 only)
Global values
System response
BBP
Phases
Neutral current
Overcurrent enable
BFP (where configured)
OCDT (where configured)
EFP (where configured)
PDF (where configured)
Measured variables
Currents
Voltages
Inputs
Outputs
Circuit-breakers
Breaker designation
(where configured)

8.2.3. Signaling LEDs and display texts
8.2.3.1. Normal operation with no failures
No action is necessary in normal operation.
Central unit and bay units
HMI text LEDs Event
ABB REB500 V7.xx
V1.00A 02-08-05
Green lit -
Table 8.1 Normal operation
8.2.3.2. Alarm status
In the alarm status, the system alarms that have operated can
be viewed in the alarm list.
8.2.3.3. Tripped status
The trips generated by REB500 can be viewed in the trip list
together with the times they occurred and the protection
functions that caused them. The list shows the ten latest trips,
but is deleted when the particular device is switched off.
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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. D
8.2.3.4. Resetting the protection after a trip
Provision is made on the local HMI for resetting the protection
system and all the signals. This is done by selecting the menu
item Reset latching and pressing button C.
HMI text LEDs Event
Reset latching
C: Reset
E: Quit
- -
Table 8.2 Resetting latched signals and relays
Resetting latched signals and relays by pressing button C on
the local HMI is equivalent an active signal 31810_External
reset (e.g. generated by pressing an external reset button).
8.2.4. Viewing the event list and disturbance recorder records


NOTE: Viewing the event list and disturbance recorder
records is recommended should an alarm occur.

The corresponding procedure is described in Section 4.5.2.7.
View / Disturbance recorder respectively Section 4.5.2.9. View
/ Event list.
8.2.5. Critical switching operations during normal operation


WARNING: Avoid performing switching operations in the
event of the following alarms before the failure has been
analyzed by correspondingly trained personnel.
Isolator alarm
Switch inhibit
Differential current alarm
Inspection and maintenance
Non-observance of this precaution can cause mal-operation in
normal operation or a failure to trip in response to a fault (see
Section 3.7.4.).

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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. D ABB Switzerland Ltd

WARNING: Isolator alarm may only be acknowledged by
correspondingly trained and authorized personnel.
Non-observance of this precaution can cause mal-operation in
normal operation or a failure to trip in response to a fault (see
Section 3.7.4.).

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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. D
8.3. Maintenance


WARNING: Strictly observe station procedures in the event of a
defect be it failure to trip or mal-operation.

8.3.1. Protection system defect
This section lists the signals, which occur for the various kinds of
faults.


NOTE: The possible causes of failures and the action to be
taken by maintenance personnel are given in Chapter 9 Fault-
finding.

8.3.1.1. General alarm
Central unit and bay units
HMI text LEDs Event
General alarm Green lit,
yellow flashes until
button on the local
HMI pressed
CU: 41805_Alarm
BU: No event
Table 8.3 Protection failure
8.3.1.2. Unexpected restart and start-up phase
Central unit
HMI text LEDs Event
-
or
CU start-up signals
The three LEDs
flash
CU: 41810_In service resets
Table 8.4 Central unit restarts
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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. D ABB Switzerland Ltd
Bay units
HMI text LEDs Event
-
or
BU start-up signals
The three LEDs
flash
BU: 21805_In service resets
Table 8.5 Bay unit restarts
8.3.1.3. Differential current alarm
Central unit
HMI text LEDs Event
Diff. cur. alarm Green lit,
yellow flashes until
button on the local
HMI pressed
CU: 41815_Diff. current
alarm active
Table 8.6 Differential current alarm on the central unit
8.3.1.4. Isolator alarm
Central unit and bay units
HMI text LEDs Event
Isol. alarm
Feeder name
Isol. alarm
Green lit,
yellow flashes until
button on the local
HMI pressed
CU: 41505_Isolator alarm
active
CU: 41830_Switch inhibit
active
BU: No event
Table 8.7 Isolator alarm
8.3.2. Protection blocking functions
This section lists the signals when the protection is blocked and
the possible causes.
Central unit and bay units
HMI text LEDs Event
<Subsystem>
blocked
(Subsystem = BBP,
BFP, EFP, OCDT,
PDF, BP)
Green lit,
yellow flashes
until button on the
local HMI pressed
CU: 41405_SP blocked active
BU: 21405_SP blocked active
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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. D
HMI text LEDs Event
Contacts blocked Green lit,
yellow flashes
until button on the
local HMI pressed
CU: 41410_Output relays
blocked active
BU: 21410_Output relays
blocked active
BBP blocked
Feeder
BBP blocked
Green lit,
yellow flashes
until button on the
local HMI pressed
CU: 42405_BBP blocked
active
BU: 22405_BBP blocked
active
BFP blocked
Feeder
BFP blocked
Green lit,
yellow flashes
until button on the
local HMI pressed
CU: 43405_BFP blocked
active
BU: 23405_BFP blocked
active
EFP blocked
Feeder
EFP blocked
Green lit,
yellow flashes
until button on the
local HMI pressed
CU: 44405_EFP blocked
active
BU: 24405_EFP blocked
active
OCDT blocked
Feeder
OCDT blocked
Green lit,
yellow flashes
until button on the
local HMI pressed
CU: 45405_OCDT blocked
active
BU: 25405_OCDT blocked
active
PDF blocked
Feeder
PDF blocked
Green lit,
yellow flashes
until button on the
local HMI pressed
CU: 47405_PDF blocked
active
BU: 27405_PDF blocked
active
BP blocked Green lit,
yellow flashes
until button on the
local HMI pressed
CU: 49405_BP blocked active
BU: 29405_BP blocked active
Table 8.8 Blocking protection functions
Possible causes
The blocking of a protection function is due to either an active
opto-coupler input or an internal alarm, e.g. differential current
alarm.
Corrective action
Corrective action is only necessary if blocking is unintentional. If
this is the case, check whether a voltage is being applied to an
opto-coupler input, which would indicate a fault in the external
circuit. If the fault appears to be caused by an internal alarm,
check whether there is a corresponding display and correct the
cause of the alarm. Refer to the instructions for the
corresponding alarm in Section 8.3.1.1.
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8.3.3. Protection tripping
This section lists the signals which occur when the protection
trips.
Central unit
HMI text LEDs Event
Date Time
Trip
Feeder name
Bus zone *
Green lit,
red lit
CU: 42305_BBP trip
CU: 42310_BBP trip L0
CU: 42315_BBP trip L1
CU: 42320_BBP trip L2
CU: 42325_BBP trip L3
Date Time
BFP trip t1/2
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
CU: 43305_BFP trip t1
CU: 43310_BFP trip t2
Date Time
EFP trip
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
CU: 44305_EFP trip

Date Time
OCDT trip
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
CU: 45305_OCDT trip

Date Time
PDF trip
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
CU: 47305_PDF trip

Date Time
DIST trip
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
CU: None
Date Time
OCSTD trip
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
CU: None
Date Time
OCINV trip
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
CU None
Date Time
DIROCDT trip
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
CU: None
Date Time
DIROCINV trip
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
CU: None
Date Time
OVSTD trip
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
CU: None
Date Time
DIREFGND trip
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
CU: None
Date Time
I0INV trip
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
CU: None
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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. D
HMI text LEDs Event
Date Time
OCINST trip
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
CU: None
Date Time
TH trip
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
CU: None
Date Time
DIFTRA trip
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
CU: None
Table 8.9 Central unit trips
Bay units
HMI text LEDs Event
Date Time
BBP TRIP
Green lit,
red lit
BU: 21110_TRIP
BU: 21115_REMOTE TRIP
BU: 21305_Trip
Date Time
BFP trip t1/2
Green lit,
red lit
BU: 23105_BFP TRIP
BU: 23110_BFP REMOTE TRIP
BU: 23305_BFP trip t1
BU: 23310_BFP trip t2
BU: 23315_BFP TRIP L1
BU: 23320_BFP TRIP L2
BU: 23325_BFP TRIP L3
BU: 23335_Trip by BFP
Date Time
EFP trip
Green lit,
red lit
BU: 24105_EFP REMOTE TRIP
BU: 24305_EFP trip
Date Time
OCDT trip
Green lit,
red lit
BU: 25105_OCDT TRIP
BU: 25305_OCDT trip
Date Time
PDF trip
Green lit,
red lit
BU: 27105_PDF TRIP
BU: 27305_PDF trip
Date Time
DIST trip
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
BU: 2111xx_DIST Trip CB x
Date Time
OCSTD trip
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
BU: 212105_OCSTD TRIP
Date Time
OCINV trip
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
BU: 213105_OCINV TRIP
Date Time
DIROCDT trip
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
BU: 214105_DIROCDT TRIP
Date Time
DIROCINV trip
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
BU: 215305_DIROCINV TRIP
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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. D ABB Switzerland Ltd
HMI text LEDs Event
Date Time
OVSTD trip
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
BU: 216105_OVSTD TRIP
Date Time
DIREFGND trip
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
BU: 220105_DIREFGND TRIP
Date Time
I0INV trip
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
BU: 221105_I0INV TRIP
Date Time
CHKI3PH trip
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
BU: 224605_CHKI3PH Picked up
Date Time
CHKU3PH trip
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
BU: 225605_CHKU3PH Picked up
Date Time
OCINST trip
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
BU: 226105_ OCINST TRIP
Date Time
TH trip
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
BU: 228105 TH TRIP
Date Time
DIFTRA trip
Feeder name
Green lit,
red lit
BU:
229105_DIFTRA TRIP CB L1L2L3
229110_DIFTRA TRIP CB L1
229115_DIFTRA TRIP CB L2
229120_DIFTRA TRIP CB L3
Table 8.10 Bay unit trips
8.3.4. Special operating modes
This section list the signals generated in special operating
modes.
8.3.4.1. Inspection and maintenance
The inspection status is signaled when an inspection/main-
tenance input is active (see Section 11.12.).
Central unit
HMI text LEDs Event
Insp./Maintenance
Feeder name
Green lit,
yellow flashes until
button on the local
HMI pressed
CU: 41825_Inspection/main-
tenance

Table 8.11 Inspection/maintenance on central unit
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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. D
Bay units
HMI text LEDs Event
Inspection
Inspection number
Green lit,
yellow flashes until
button on the local
HMI pressed
BU: 21815_Inspection/main-
tenance

Maintenance Green lit,
yellow flashes until
button on the local
HMI pressed
BU: 21815_Inspection/main-
tenance active

Table 8.12 Inspection/maintenance on bay units
8.3.4.2. Transfer tripping
A transfer trip is signaled when a transfer trip input is active (see
Section 11.11.).
Central unit
HMI text LEDs Event
Trip transferred Green lit,
yellow flashes until
button on the local
HMI pressed
Depends on configuration

Table 8.13 Transfer trip
8.3.4.3. Isolator auxiliary contact logic Not OPEN=CLOSED
A failure of the isolator image auxiliary supply is signaled when
the isolator auxiliary contact logic Not CLOSED=OPEN is
active (see Section 7.5.8.3.).
Central unit
HMI text LEDs Event
Isol. alarm
Feeder name
Isol. alarm
Green lit,
yellow flashes until
button on the local
HMI pressed
CU: 41505_Isolator alarm
CU: 41830_Switch inhibit
CU: 41820_Loss of supply
voltage
BU: 21810_Loss of supply
voltage
Table 8.14 Isolator alarm for Not OPEN=CLOSED logic
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8.4. Periodic maintenance
8.4.1. General
Depending on the ambient conditions, we recommend removing
the dust (e.g. with a vacuum cleaner) and wiping the front of the
LCD with a damp cloth (perhaps with a little washing up liquid)
from time to time. Do not use petrol or cleaning agents
containing alcohol.
As explained in Section 8.1. REB500 includes continuous and
comprehensive self-supervision and diagnosis of the software
and hardware components. Since it is in the software that the
protection functions are computed, they do not require any
periodic maintenance.
The protection equipment, however, is only part of the overall
protection system, we recommend periodically checking all the
parts that are not automatically supervised (details of the self-
supervision routines are given in Section 3.6. Self-supervision).
The following components must be tested periodically:
all external circuits (e.g. tripping, BFP starting, CT and VT,
etc.)
all external switching devices (circuit-breakers and isolators)
all REB500 tripping and signaling contacts
all REB500 opto-coupler inputs
all REB500 analog inputs
the local HMI

8.4.2. Examples of maintenance checks


NOTE: The following examples illustrate the advantages of the
digital protection system. The protection functions do not require
any testing.

The examples of maintenance checks are based on a double
busbar configuration operating under the following conditions:
1. Maintenance is not performed specifically on the REB500
system, but in combination with the routine maintenance of
the feeder (circuit-breaker) and therefore only applies to the
bay unit.
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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. D
2. REB500 must not be blocked while maintenance is being
performed.
3. Maintenance of the REB500 bay unit must not require that
the supply be interrupted.
Since with REB500, its maintenance can be combined with that
of the circuit-breaker, the power supply to consumers is not
interrupted although testing covers 100% of bay equipment.
Protection of the remainder of the station is unimpaired, because
the bay under test is isolated from the system (busbar isolators
and circuit-breaker are open because the bay is isolated for
inspection and maintenance).


WARNING: Maintenance involves opening and closing circuit-
breakers. Make sure that all safety notices are in place and all
the safety precautions taken.


WARNING: REB500 is still fully operational while the
maintenance described below is being carried out and responds
accordingly.


NOTE: A test procedure similar to the examples of Sections
8.4.3 and 8.4.4. must be established for all feeders and
performed at approximately 2 yearly intervals.

8.4.3. Example: Maintenance check on a feeder circuit-breaker

Fig. 8.2 Maintenance check on a feeder circuit-breaker
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Conditions:
The isolator image auxiliary supply must not be switched off
for certain checks.
The feeder must not be grounded for certain checks.
The maintenance procedure must be gone through step by
step.
The feeder is isolated from the busbars during the test and
therefore cannot conduct power.
The maintenance procedure for a feeder connected to double
busbars is illustrated in Fig. 8.3 Steps of the feeder
maintenance procedure.


Fig. 8.3 Steps of the feeder maintenance procedure
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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. D
Step 1: Isolate the feeder
The conditions before Step 1 can be seen from Fig. 8.4
Configuration of the feeder before Step 1 (on load).

Fig. 8.4 Configuration of the feeder before Step 1 (on
load)
Connect the PC to the central unit and start HMI500
Open the circuit-breaker
Open the isolators.
Check the statuses of the isolators and the circuit-breaker
(providing they are active in the protection system) in HMI500 by
selecting Switchgear objects in the View menu (see Fig. 8.5
Checking the statuses of the switchgear).

Fig. 8.5 Checking the statuses of the switchgear
Interrupt the tripping and transfer tripping circuits.
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Step 2: Check the analog input circuits
The conditions prior to step 2 can be seen from Fig. 8.6
Configuration of the feeder before step 2.

Fig. 8.6 Configuration of the feeder before step 2
Short circuit the main CT leads at the terminals of the
protection cubicle and open the jumper to the protection.
As an extra precaution block the busbar protection
completely for a short period by applying the signal
32205_Block BBP to the central unit (not absolutely
essential because the busbar isolators are open).
Inject a current of 1 x I
N
and, it there are voltage inputs, a
voltage of 1 x U
N
into each phase of the analog inputs.
Read the currents and voltages via HMI500 by selecting
Analog input measurements in the View menu (see Fig.
8.7 Checking the signals at the analog inputs and Sections
7.5.5. and 7.5.6.).
Enable the busbar protection again.
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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. D

Fig. 8.7 Checking the signals at the analog inputs
Step 3: Check the output circuit using the HMI500 test
generator
The conditions prior to step 3 can be seen from Fig. 8.8
Configuration of the feeder before Step 3.

Fig. 8.8 Configuration of the feeder before Step 3
Start the HMI500 test generator in the Test mode dialogue.
This automatically blocks all the output relays (see Section
7.5.9.).
Enable all the relays again so that the system is operating
normally.
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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. D ABB Switzerland Ltd
Close the circuit-breaker.
Operated the tripping relay of the trip circuit in question (see
Fig. 8.9 Using the test generator to initiate tripping).


Fig. 8.9 Using the test generator to initiate tripping
Check that the circuit-breaker has tripped.
Note: If tripping is phase by phase and a CB pole
discrepancy function is configured, the latter will trip the other
two poles.
Repeat the last two operations for the other phases and trip
circuits.
Check that the circuit-breaker is open, otherwise open it.
Check the remote tripping function of the breaker failure
protection if configured. The remote circuit-breaker must be
ready to trip before this test. Operate the remote tripping
relay and trip the remote circuit-breaker. Check that this has
indeed happened.
Check the signals to other systems (annunciator panel etc.).
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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. D
Step 4: Check that the breaker failure protection starts
The conditions prior to Step 4 can be seen from Fig. 8.10
Configuration of the feeder before Step 4.

Fig. 8.10 Configuration of the feeder before Step 4
Interrupt the transfer tripping circuit.
Initiate a starting signal from the bay protection to the breaker
failure protection (by simulation or secondary injection).
Check that the starting signal has been received from the bay
protection by the breaker failure protection by opening the
Binary input/output status dialogue (see Fig. 8.11 Checking
the binary inputs) or viewing the event list (see Section
7.5.10.).
Restore the transfer tripping circuit.
Step 5: Check the input signals from the circuit-breaker
The following test must also be performed if the busbar image of
the circuit-breaker is being used:
Close and reopen the circuit-breaker.
Check the status of the circuit-breaker in the same way as for
an isolator (see step 7).
Check the close command on the local HMI by opening the
Binary input/output status dialogue, because this input
signal only lasts a short time and the local HMI is refreshed
more frequently (see Section 7.5.8.5.).
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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. D ABB Switzerland Ltd

Fig. 8.11 Checking the binary inputs
Step 6: Check the input signals from the isolators
The conditions prior to step 6 can be seen from Fig. 8.12
Configuration of the feeder before step 6.

Fig. 8.12 Configuration of the feeder before step 6
Close and open the isolators to busbars I and II.
Check the statuses of the isolators by opening the Binary
input/output status dialogue (see Fig. 8.11 Checking the
binary inputs and Section 7.5.8.4.).
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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. D
Step 7: Recommissioning the bay
The conditions prior to step 7 can be seen from Fig. 8.13
Configuration of the feeder before step 7.

Fig. 8.13 Configuration of the feeder before step 7
Reinsert the jumpers in the CT secondary circuit and remove
the short-circuit from the main CT leads.
Close the isolator to connect the feeder to the desired
busbars.
Close the circuit-breaker.

Step 8: Check the load current
The conditions prior to step 8 can be seen from Fig. 8.14
Configuration of the feeder before step 8 (on load).

Fig. 8.14 Configuration of the feeder before step 8 (on load)
Compare the actual load current with the value in the Analog
input measurements dialogue (see Fig. 8.7 Checking the
signals at the analog inputs and Section 7.5.11.2.).
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REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. D ABB Switzerland Ltd
8.4.4. Example: Maintenance check on a bus-tie breaker

Fig. 8.15 Steps of the bus-tie breaker maintenance
procedure
Conditions:
The isolator image auxiliary supply must not be switched off
for certain checks.
The bus-tie breaker circuit must not be grounded for certain
checks.
The maintenance procedure must be gone through step by
step.
The bus-tie breaker is isolated from the busbars during the
test and therefore cannot conduct power.
The maintenance procedure for a bus-tie breaker connected to
double busbars is illustrated in Fig. 8.15 Steps of the bus-tie
breaker maintenance procedure.
Step 1: Isolate the bus-tie breaker
The conditions prior to maintenance can be seen from Fig. 8.16
Configuration of the bus-tie breaker before Step 1 (on load).
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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. D

Fig. 8.16 Configuration of the bus-tie breaker before Step 1
(on load)
Connect the PC to the central unit and start HMI500.
Open the bus-tie breaker.
Open the isolators.
Step 2: Check the analog input circuits
The conditions prior to step 2 can be seen from Fig. 8.17
Configuration of the bus-tie breaker before step 2.

Fig. 8.17 Configuration of the bus-tie breaker before step 2
Short circuit the main CT leads at the terminals of the
protection cubicle and open the jumper to the protection.
As an extra precaution block the busbar protection
completely for a short period by applying the signal
32205_Block BBP to the central unit (not absolutely
essential because the busbar isolators are open).
Inject a current of 1 x I
N
and, if there are voltage inputs, a
voltage of 1 x U
N
into each phase of the analog inputs.
Read the currents and voltages via HMI500 by selecting
Analog input measurements in the View menu (see Fig.
8.7 Checking the signals at the analog inputs and Sections
7.5.5. and 7.5.6.).
Enable the busbar protection again.
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Step 3: Check the output circuit using the HMI500 test
generator
The conditions prior to step 3 can be seen from Fig. 8.17
Configuration of the bus-tie breaker before step 2.
Start the HMI500 test generator in the Test mode dialogue.
This automatically blocks all the output relays (see Section
7.5.9.).
Enable all the relays again so that the system is operating
normally.
Close the bus-tie breaker.
Trip circuit 1, R phase (see Fig. 8.9 Using the test generator
to initiate tripping).
Check that the R phase pole of the circuit-breaker has
tripped.
Repeat the last two operations for the other phases and trip
circuits.
Check that the bus-tie breaker is open, otherwise open it.
Check the signals to other systems.
Step 4: Check that the breaker failure protection starts
The conditions prior to step 4 can be seen from Fig. 8.17
Configuration of the bus-tie breaker before step 2.
Check that the starting signal has been received from the
bus-tie breaker protection by the breaker failure protection by
opening the Binary input/output status dialogue (see Fig.
8.11 Checking the binary inputs and Section 7.5.10.).
Step 5: Check the input signals from the circuit-breaker
Close and reopen the bus-tie breaker.
Check the status of the circuit-breaker as described in
Section 8.4.3 Example: Maintenance check on a feeder
circuit-breaker.
Check the close command as described in Section 8.4.3
Example: Maintenance check on a feeder circuit-breaker.
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ABB Switzerland Ltd REB500/REB500sys 1MRB520292-Uen/Rev. D
Step 6: Check the load current
The conditions prior to step 6 can be seen from Fig. 8.16
Configuration of the bus-tie breaker before Step 1 (on load).
Compare the actual load current with the value in the Analog
input measurements dialogue (see Fig. 8.7 Checking the
signals at the analog inputs and Sections 7.5.5. and 7.5.6.).
8.4.5. Maintenance of bay protection functions (REB500sys only)
Before checking the auto-reclosure cycle of the bay protection,
consider the possible effect of, for example, secondary injection
on other protection functions such as the busbar and breaker
failure protection functions.


WARNING: Where there is doubt, block the station protection
functions by applying the input signal 31205_Block SP to the
central unit.

8.4.6. Checking the local HMI
Start the self-testing function of the local HMI by holding buttons
<E> and <C> simultaneously depressed for about 5 seconds.
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8.5. Replacing units


WARNING: Units and modules may only be replaced with
the permission of the engineer responsible for the protection
system.

8.5.1. Procedure
The best time to replace assemblies is when the station is out of
operation, but even in this case, care must be taken that no
unintentional operation of switchgear can take place (danger to
persons close to the item of plant).
While the station is in operation, care must be taken that the
station is still adequately protected when REB500 is switched
off.


WARNING: Power supply units may never be inserted or
withdrawn with the auxiliary supply connected. Therefore place
the switch on the front of the power supply unit in the off position
and unplug the green connector on the end of the battery cable.
It is insufficient to simply switch off the unit. Other modules
may only be withdrawn or inserted when the power supply unit
500PSM03 is switched off.


WARNING: Observe ESD (electrostatic discharge) procedures
when replacing hardware components, otherwise parts sensitive
to ESD may be destroyed.

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8.5.2. Replacing modules in the central unit
Module
Slot on
backplane 500CUB03
500PSM03 1, 20
500CPU05 3, 5, 7, 9, 11, 13, 15, 19
500SCM01 4, 6, 8, 10, 12, 14, 16, 18
500BIO01 16, 18
500CIM06 19
Table 8.15 Central unit modules
After replacing the 500CMP05 module in slot 3 (CMP), it is
necessary to reload the setfile. Using the TCP/IP link for the
HMI500, reconfigure the new communications parameter.

Procedure:

1. Switch on the CU:
When this display appears
on the local HMI, press the
E button.

Simon

Press E for
Setup ...


2. The Setup Menu will be
displayed on the HMI.
With the '' or '' arrows the
menu item Change IP
Addr. can be selected.
With the 'E' resp. '' key the
menu item is activated.

SETUP MENU
Change IP Addr.
Delete Database
Exit


3. The IP address is displayed
on the HMI
With the '' or '' arrows the
desired menu item can be
selected.
With the 'E' resp. '' key the
menu item is activated.

CHANGE IP ADDR.
IP Address
Subnet Mask
Gateway Adress



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4. With the keys '' bzw. '' the
value of an item can be
changed,
and, move the cursor from
one value to the other with
the keys '' resp. ''.
The new values are
displayed, and with 'E' 'C
are stored or cancelled.

IP ADDRESS
000.000.000.000

E=Save C=Cancel


5. The Setup Menu is
displayed on the HMI.
With the keys '' resp. '' the
menu item 'Exit' is selected.
With the key 'E' resp. '' exit
the Setup Menu.

SETUP MENU
Change IP Addr.
Delete Database
Exit


After confirmation the central unit will be restarted automatically
with the new communication parameters.
8.5.3. Replacing a bay unit
Before replacing a bay unit, check that the new unit contains the
same modules (BU03 and what options are included, see
Section 3.3.).
When connecting a bay unit to a central unit for the first time, for
example, when replacing a defective module, it is necessary to
configure the communications parameters, the node ID and the
device ID as they were on the old unit.


NOTE: The communication parameters that have to be set,
i.e. node ID and device ID (addresses) are given in the draft
report Bus section and device allocation accessed via the
Reports menu item in the HMI500 Tools menu.


WARNING: Incorrect or incorrectly executed settings will
prevent the bay unit from starting and can disable the entire
system.

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The setting procedure is as follows:

1. Switch on the bay unit.:
When this display appears
on the local HMI, press the
E button.

Simon

Press E for
Setup ...


2. The Setup Menu will be
displayed on the HMI.
With the '' or '' arrows the
menu item Change MVB
Addr. can be selected.
With the 'E' resp. '' key the
menu item is activated

SETUP MENU
Change MVB Addr.
Delete Database
Exit


3. With the keys '' resp. '' a
value can be changed,
with the keys '' bzw. ''
move from one item to the
other.
The new values are
displayed, and with 'E' 'C
are stored or cancelled.

MVB Address
Node Id = 001
Device Id = 001
E=Save C=Cancel


4. The Setup Menu is
displayed on the HMI.
With the keys '' resp. '' the
menu item 'Exit' is selected.
With the key 'E' resp. '' exit
the Setup Menu.

SETUP MENU
Change MVB Addr.
Delete Database
Exit


Once the values have been confirmed, the bay unit restarts
automatically with the new communication settings.

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8.5.4. Checking newly installed hardware
Hardware components that are not included in the self-super-
vision system (see Section 8.4.1.) have to be checked according
to Section 8.4. or Section 7.5. Commissioning the protection
system.
8.5.5. Report and traceability data
Record all modules that are replaced in a report and update the
report every time a module is replaced.
The traceability data must also be read (see Section 7.5.13.).
8.5.6. Restoring the system to operation
Refer to Section 8.4. or Section 7.5. Commissioning the
protection system.


WARNING: The protection system may only be restored to
operation with the permission of the engineer responsible for it.

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8.5.7. Delete database
It can occur occasionally with 500CPU05 or the 500BU03 (in
stand-alone operation) that the installation mode does not
correctly delete the database.
REB500 cannot then restart and the database has to be deleted
manually using the local HMI.
The setup procedure:

1. Switch on the CU:
When this display appears on
the local HMI, press the E
button.

Simon

Press E for
Setup ...


2. The Setup Menu will be
displayed on the HMI.
With the '' or '' arrows the
menu item Delete
Database can be selected.
With the 'E' resp. '' key the
menu item is activated.

SETUP MENU
Change IP Addr.
Delete Database
Exit


3. The 'Delete Database' menu
is displayed on the HMI.
With the 'E' key the
database is deleted. With
the 'C' key exit the menu
item.

DELETE DATABASE

E = Delete DB
C = Cancel


4. The Setup Menu is
displayed on the HMI.
With the keys '' resp. '' the
menu item 'Exit' is selected.
With the key 'E' resp. '' exit
the Setup Menu.

SETUP MENU
Change IP Addr.
Delete Database
Exit



After confirmation the central unit will be restarted automatically
with the new communication parameters.
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8.6. Returning modules for repair
Defective modules should be shipped accompanied by a full
description of the failure, wherever possible in the original
packing or in packing that affords adequate protection from
moisture, vibration and electrostatic discharge to your ABB
company or agent or to the following address:

ABB Switzerland Ltd
Power Systems
Repair Centre
Warenannahme PT-EG
Bruggerstrasse 72
CH-5401 Baden
8-39