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Microsoft has provided data access libraries

,

ADO
It is the single library for accessing any type
of data, i.e universal data access.

ADO is designed based on OLEDB provider
programming for Accessing any type of Data
i.e Universal data acces.
Initially ADO library is provided for web
based application development i.e ASP

Drawbacks
1.ADO and OLEDB are based on
COM(binary standard) implementation.so it
is platform dependent.
2.It does not support complete disconnected
architecture
3. .It does not support integrating with XML
4.It requires performance improvement.
Connected & disconnected architecture
When the application is maintain data base
table information by maintain connectivity
with data base server then it is called
connected architecture
When the application is maintain data base
table information without maintain
connectivity with data base server then it is
called disconnected architecture
ADO.NET
ADO.NET is nothing but a library called as
system.data.dll.
ADO.NET comes with two parts,
1. Managed data provider(It provides

connected architecture)
2. Dataset(It goes with data storage & it

provides complete disconnected)

Managed Data Provider

Managed Managed Managed Managed
Data Data Data Data
Provider for Provider for Provider for Provider for
Oledb SqlServer Oracle ODBC
System.Data.Oledb System.Data.SqlClie System.Data.OracleClien System.Data.ODBC
nt t
Oledb connection ODBC connection
Oracle connection
Oledb Command Sql connection Oracle Command
ODBC Command
Oledb Data Reader ODBC Data Reader
Oledb Data Adapter Sql Command Oracle Data Reader ODBC Data Adapter
Oledb Command Sql Data Reader Oracle Data Adapter ODBC Command
Oracle Command Builder Builder
Builder Sql Data Adapter
Sql Command
Builder

. NET framework 1.0 comes with only two
managed providers, i.e. OLEDB and SQL
Server.
. NET framework 1.1, comes with the entire
four managed data provider.

OLEDB MANAGED DATA PROVIDER
.NET Application

OLEDB Managed Data Provider

OLEDB Provider OLEDB Provider
for Oracle for SQLServer

SQLServe
Oracle r

The Application will be dependent on COM.
It will make processing time, so that
performance will come down.
This is advisable, when there is no other
option for connecting to data store.
Oledb Connection
Syntax:
Dim con as new oledbconnection(“provider
=<provider name>; User Id=<User name>;
Password=<Password>; Data Source=<name
of the system in which server is available>”)

(Or)
-----

OLEDBConnection Conn = new
OLEDBConnection (“provider =<provider
name>; User Id=<User name>;
Password=<Password>; Data Source=<name
of the system in which server is available>”)

Database Provider name

Oracle msdaora.1
SqlServer sqloledb.1
JetEngine microsoft.jet.oledb.4.0
ODBC msdasql.1
In .NET ODBC option is disabled with
managed provider for OLEDB.

Con.open () this will establish the
connection.
Con.close () this will release the
network resources.

OLEDB COMMAND

It will represent the sql statement.
1. Select
2. Insert
3. Delete
4. Update

Syntax:
Dim cmd as new oledbcommand(“select *
from emp “,con)
(or)

oledbcommand cmd = new
oledbcommand(“select * from emp”,con);
Methods:
1.Executescalar (): -
It will return only one value.
E.g. 1) Select count (*) from EMP;
2) Select max (Sal) form EMP;
2.ExecuteNonQuery (): -
It will return number of records affected.
E.g. delete from EMP where deptno=10;
3.ExecuteReader (): -
It returns data reader object (i.e. more than
one value or record or rows)
Select * from EMP;

Data Reader

data reader It consumes fewer amounts of
resources.

oledbdatareader dr = new oledbdatareader()

dr=cmd.executereader ()
It will send select statement to the database
server.
Database sever will execute select statement
and returns all the records to the client
machine.
The records will be stored within temporary
memory storage.
Data reader acts as a reference to the
memory storage.

Methods:

1.read (): - it will fetch one record into client
application process.
10 Acc hyd

2.GetInteger (0): - It returns first column
value (i.e.10)
Getstring (1): - It returns 2nd column value
(i.e.Acc)
GetString (2): - It returns 3rd column value
(i.e.hyd)
3.close ():-It will release temporary memory
storage.
Data Reader will provide only one record at a
time into the client application process. This
will improve the performance of the
application.
So it will come under connection-oriented
architecture.

TRANSACTION HANDLING
A transaction can be defined as a unit of
manipulations on the basis of all or none.

Application

1.Insert into TRANS
trans ITEM
2.Update
Item
Commit Rollback
(Update fails if item number Not found)

DATASET
Dataset can be defined as in memory storage
for the client application, which acts as a
database to the client application. It is going
to be purely disconnected architecture.

DATA ADAPTER
Data adapter acts as a mediator between
dataset and the database server.
This will perform two things,
1.Storing the database table information into
dataset.
2.the changes made within dataset (i.e., insert,
update & delete) will be updated to the
database server.
Data Adapter will contain four command
objects to perform the above things.

. NET Managed data Provider

Data Adapter

XML
Application DATASET
Storag
e
Select Command
Data Reader Insert Command
Command Update Command
Delete Command

Data
Connection Storag
e

Dataset is not a part of .net managed data
provider.
Data adapter is required only when u use
dataset creation based on the database server.

Dim ds as dataset
Dim da as new SqlDataAdapter(“select *
from emp”,con)

Syntax:
dataset ds = new dataset();
SqlDataAdapter da = new SqlDataAdapter
(“select * from emp”, con)
Da.fill (ds,”emp”)

DEPT EMP

DA2
DA1
A

DATASET
(One To One relationship is maintained by
each data adapter with the corresponding
table,
So each time it is required a new data adapter
to perform the changes in a new table)

When you configure data adapter manually it
creates more complexity for the developer,
this leads to wards more time consumption.
To avoid this Microsoft has provided
command builder class.
Command builder class will generate insert
command, update command and delete
command to the data adapter.

sqlcommandbuilder cb = new
sqlcommandbuilder()
cb=sqlcommandbuilder (da)
It will execute constructor of
SQLCommandBuilder and generate insert,
delete and update commands.
Commandbuilderclass will not generate
delete command and update command, if the
backend table is not having primary key.

Data Binding: -

When you establish relation between
textboxes and data table columns, then it is
called as data binding.