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Cathodic Protection Today:


Part A: Standard Practice (NACE SP0169)
Part B: Real Life on Pipelines and Facilities
IPEIA February 2009
Banff Centre
J .F. (J im) Chmilar, P.Eng.
Chmilar & Associates Consulting Ltd
Cochrane, Alberta
NACE Task Group 360
Review Standard Practice (SP) 0169 Review Standard Practice (SP) 0169 2007 2007
(formerly RP0169), (formerly RP0169), Control of External Control of External
Corrosion on Underground or Submerged Corrosion on Underground or Submerged
Metallic Piping Systems Metallic Piping Systems
Chair: J imChmilar,
Vice Chair: Travis Sera, Southern CaliforniaGas Company Los Angeles,
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2002 ad hoc report to STG 05
Section 6 could not be reaffirmed as it exists,
Ambiguity exists between the 0.850
copper/copper sulfate electrode (CSE) current
applied criterion and 0.850vsCSE polarized
criterion,
There is confusion regarding 100 mV
formation and decay,
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2002 ad hoc report to STG 05
More guidance is needed on cathodic
protection (CP) criteria for controlling
microbiologically influenced corrosion and
corrosion at elevated temperatures,
Upper limits on CP criteria for coating
damage and /or high strength steels are
needed.
STG 05 formed Task Group 285 to
revise Section 6 in 2002
At CTW 2006 RP0169-2002 reaffirmed;
review of the entire document including
Section 6 was turned over to Task Group 360
under STG 35.
Part of the NACE and ANSI protocol
requires all standards be revised or
reaffirmed every 5 years.
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NACE Task Group 360 Work
Developed a series of Eight Questions &
Answers published in MP in December 2007
and February 2008
Significant modifications and additions to
Sections 5 and 6 and addition of an
Appendix that covers a review of
International Standards.
NACE Task Group 360 Work
6.2 Criteria
6.2.1 It is not intended that peopleresponsiblefor external corrosion control belimited to any specific criteria. This
section contains criteria; however, it is acknowledged that other approaches havebeen successful in thepast. The
useof any approach to achievecorrosion control through CP is theresponsibility of theuser. It is important that the
user beableto provideempirical evidencefor any approach that is taken.
6.2.2. Thetwo fundamental polarization criteriain this sectionhavebeen shown to typically reducetheaverage
corrosion rateof steel to less than 25 microns/yr (1 mil/yr) insoils and natural waters in thefield and laboratory
tests at ambient temperatures.3,4,5 A singlecriterion for evaluating theeffectiveness of CP may not besatisfactory
for all locations along astructure.
6.2.3 Steel and Cast Ductile Iron Piping
6.2.3.1 External corrosion control can beachieved at various levels of cathodic polarization depending on the
environmental conditions. Any criterion selected must provideareliableindication that thecorrosion control
objectives of theoperator havebeen satisfied. In theabsenceof specific datalisted in Paragraph 6.1.2 that
demonstratethat adequateCP has been achieved, at least oneof thefollowing shall apply:
6.2.3.1.1 A negative(cathodic) voltageof at least 850 mV as measured with respect to asaturated copper/copper
sulfatereferenceelectrode. This potential may beeither adirect measurement of thepolarized potential, or a
current applied potential corrected for voltage(IR) drops other than thoseacross thestructure/electrolyteboundary.
6.2.3.1.2 A minimumof 100 mV of cathodic polarization. Theformation or decay of polarization can bemeasured
to satisfy this criterion.
6.2.3.1.3 Criteriathat havebeen shown to successfully control corrosion on piping systems can continueto beused
on thosepiping systems.
6.2.3.1.4 Other criteriathat can bedemonstrated to achievethecorrosion control objectives of theoperator.
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WE ARE NOT
ELIMINATING THE
850 ON CRITERIA
NACE Task Group 360 Work
6.2.3.1 External corrosion control can
be achieved at various levels of
cathodic polarization depending on
the environmental conditions. Any
criterion selected must provide a
reliable indication that the corrosion
control objectives of the operator have
been satisfied
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NACE Task Group 360 Work
6.2.3.1.1 A negative (cathodic) voltage of
at least 850 mV CSE.
This potential may be either a direct
measurement of the polarized potential, or
a current applied potential corrected for
voltage (IR) drops other than those across
the structure/ electrolyte boundary.
NACE Task Group 360 Work
6.2.3.1.2 A minimum of 100 mV of
cathodic polarization. The formation or
decay of polarization can be measured to
satisfy this criterion.
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NACE Task Group 360 Work
6.2.3.1.3 Criteria that have been shown to
successfully control corrosion on piping
systems can continue to be used on those
piping systems.
NACE Task Group 360 Work
6.2.3.1.4 Other criteria that can be
demonstrated to achieve the corrosion control
objectives of the operator.
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The -850 on success is largely due to
two things:
1) For many pipelines, 100 mV of polarization
is achieved at less than -850mV off
meaning that -850 mV on has IR drop built
into it (especially older poorly coated lines),
and
The -850 on success is largely due to
two things:
2) While maintaining -850 mV on, many on
potentials on the same structure were
considerably more negative than -850mV on
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TG 360 members agree that:
Operating companies need the ability to
utilize on potentials which are properly
supported.
In addition, we need to ensure that the
language in the SP0169 document does not
create an issue with regulators by wording
of statements in a negative fashion.
NACE RP0169:
Approved April 1969
Revised J an. 1972
Revised Sept. 1976
Revised J an. 1983
Revised April 1992
Reaffirmed 1996-09-13
Reaffirmed 2002-04-11
Reaffirmed 2007-03-15 and
had name change to SP
Revision History SP0169
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NACE Task Group 360 Work
Path Forward: SP0169-2007, will be sent
to the STG 35, STG 05 and STG 30
membership who have registered to be in
the voting pool.
Task Group 360 Secretary:
daniela.matthews@nace.org
Part B: Real Life on Pipelines and Facilities
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Part B: Real Life on Pipelines and Facilities
IF your system is not changing, you
DO NOT NEED to do interrupted
surveys every year. Maybe once every
4 to 5 years and then if practical.
Use Coupon technology as another
tool
?
Questions
THANK YOU