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A380

TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL


MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
This document must be used for training purposes only
Under no circumstances should this document be used as a reference
It will not be updated.
All rights reserved
No part of this manual may be reproduced in any form,
by photostat, microfilm, retrieval system, or any other means,
without the prior written permission of AIRBUS S.A.S.
LEVEL I - ATA 30 ICE & RAIN PROTECTION
Ice and Rain Protection System Introduction . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2
Wing Ice Protection System Presentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14
Engine Air Intake Ice Protection Presentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18
Windshield Anti-Icing / Defogging & Rain Prot Presentation . . . . . 24
Potable & Waste Water Ice Protection Presentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32
Ice Detection System Presentation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
TABLE OF CONTENTS Mar 21, 2006
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ICE AND RAIN PROTECTION SYSTEM INTRODUCTION
General
The aircraft can be operated without restriction in icing conditions or
heavy rain thanks to the Ice and Rain Protection system. Hot air or
electrical heating protect critical areas of the aircraft.
The different sub systems of the Ice and Rain Protection system are:
- the wing ice protection,
- the engine air intake ice protection,
- the windshield anti-icing, defogging and rain protection,
- the potable and waste water ice protection,
- the ice detection.
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
ICE AND RAIN PROTECTION SYSTEM INTRODUCTION Mar 15, 2006
Page 2
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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GENERAL
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
ICE AND RAIN PROTECTION SYSTEM INTRODUCTION Mar 15, 2006
Page 3
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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ICE AND RAIN PROTECTION SYSTEM INTRODUCTION
Wing Ice Protection
During icing conditions the slat N4 of each wing is heated with hot air
from the pneumatic system through two Wing Anti-Ice Valves (WAIVs).
Only one valve is activated when the system is in operation. (for each
flight the valve activated changes to avoid hidden failure cases). Two
Anti-Ice Control Units (AICUs) control the WAIVs.
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
ICE AND RAIN PROTECTION SYSTEM INTRODUCTION Mar 15, 2006
Page 4
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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WING ICE PROTECTION
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
ICE AND RAIN PROTECTION SYSTEM INTRODUCTION Mar 15, 2006
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A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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ICE AND RAIN PROTECTION SYSTEM INTRODUCTION
Engine Air Intake Ice Protection
Engine air intake ice protection protects the engine during operation in
ambient icing conditions.
Hot air bled from each engine compressor is used to heat the air intake
lip via an engine Anti-Ice Valve. This maintains the inlet duct of the
engine free of harmful accumulation of ice.
The four valves are controlled by two AICUs.
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
ICE AND RAIN PROTECTION SYSTEM INTRODUCTION Mar 15, 2006
Page 6
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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ENGINE AIR INTAKE ICE PROTECTION
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
ICE AND RAIN PROTECTION SYSTEM INTRODUCTION Mar 15, 2006
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A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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ICE AND RAIN PROTECTION SYSTEM INTRODUCTION
Windshield Anti-Icing - Defogging and Rain Protection
Ice protection for windshield and demisting for windows is electrically
achieved.
Window heat is automatically initiated at first engine start-up.
In case of severe icing conditions on ground, automatic operation can be
overridden by means of the PROBE/WINDOW HEAT pushbutton switch.
The two AICUs, one for each side, monitor and control the heaters, and
include an overheat protection.
Rain removal from the windshield is done by two independent wipers
and in heavy rain, by a rain repellent system.
The systems are controlled from the overhead panel.
The rain repellent is inhibited on the ground when the engines are stopped.
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
ICE AND RAIN PROTECTION SYSTEM INTRODUCTION Mar 15, 2006
Page 8
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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WINDSHIELD ANTI-ICING - DEFOGGING AND RAIN PROTECTION
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
ICE AND RAIN PROTECTION SYSTEM INTRODUCTION Mar 15, 2006
Page 9
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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ICE AND RAIN PROTECTION SYSTEM INTRODUCTION
Potable and Waste Water Ice Protection
An automatic ice protection of the water lines is installed to prevent ice
formation. The system is an anti-ice system, but not a de-icing system.
The system has 3 subsystems: the waste water ice protection, the water
servicing panels heating and the potable water ice protection.
Two Ice Protection Control Units (IPCUs) control the electrical heating
elements in the related area.
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
ICE AND RAIN PROTECTION SYSTEM INTRODUCTION Mar 15, 2006
Page 10
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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POTABLE AND WASTE WATER ICE PROTECTION
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
ICE AND RAIN PROTECTION SYSTEM INTRODUCTION Mar 15, 2006
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A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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ICE AND RAIN PROTECTION SYSTEM INTRODUCTION
Ice Detection
The purpose of the ice detection system is to give the crew an indication
of the icing conditions. In addition the ice detection system automatically
controls the Wing Anti Ice and Nacelle Anti Ice systems.
The system is composed of two separate ice detectors installed
symmetrically on the upper part of the nose part of the fuselage below
the rear fixed windows.
Two external visual ice indicators installed between the two windshields
tell the crew that icing conditions are encountered, by formation of ice
on lighted visual indicators.
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
ICE AND RAIN PROTECTION SYSTEM INTRODUCTION Mar 15, 2006
Page 12
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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ICE DETECTION
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
ICE AND RAIN PROTECTION SYSTEM INTRODUCTION Mar 15, 2006
Page 13
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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WING ICE PROTECTION SYSTEM PRESENTATION
General
During icing conditions the slat N4 of each wing is heated with hot air
from the pneumatic system through two redundant Wing Anti-Ice Valves
(WAIVs). Each valve operates alternatively with a flight cycle. Two
Anti-Ice Control Units (AICUs) control the WAIVs.
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
WING ICE PROTECTION SYSTEM PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
Page 14
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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GENERAL
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
WING ICE PROTECTION SYSTEM PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
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A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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WING ICE PROTECTION SYSTEM PRESENTATION
Operation, Control and Monitoring
Hot air is supplied to each wing via two redundant wing anti-ice valves
located in each wing leading edge. Hot air is bled in the slat via piccolo
tubes. The valves are pneumatically operated and electrically controlled.
In case of loss of electrical power supply or lack of pressure, the valve
closes.
The valves are controlled by the AICUs and by two pushbuttons on the
"ANTI-ICE" control panel, located on the overhead panel. The system
operates automatically and in flight only. The "FAULT" light comes on
in case of abnormal operation.
On ground and only for test purposes, the WING pushbutton electrically
opens the valves for 30 seconds to prevent heat damage.
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
WING ICE PROTECTION SYSTEM PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
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A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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OPERATION, CONTROL AND MONITORING
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
WING ICE PROTECTION SYSTEM PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
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A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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ENGINE AIR INTAKE ICE PROTECTION PRESENTATION
General
The engine air intake anti-ice protection is automatically selected when
icing conditions are expected on ground or in flight.
The function of the engine air intake ice protection is to supply HP3 air
to heat the inlet lip during icing conditions.
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
ENGINE AIR INTAKE ICE PROTECTION PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
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A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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GENERAL
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
ENGINE AIR INTAKE ICE PROTECTION PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
Page 19
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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ENGINE AIR INTAKE ICE PROTECTION PRESENTATION
Bleed Air Source
Hot air used to heat the engine air intake lip is bled from the third stage
of the engine High Pressure Compressor (HP3) through an Shut-Off valve
(SOV) and a pressure Regulating Anti Ice Valve (RAIV).
For each engine, hot bleed air is ducted via a pressure regulating and a
shut-off valve. The SOV is pneumatically operated, electrically controlled
via a solenoid and spring loaded open. Upon solenoid energization the
SOV will close. When the engine is running and the solenoid is
de-energized, the RAIV regulates the air pressure. In case of electrical
loss the SOV will open.
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
ENGINE AIR INTAKE ICE PROTECTION PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
Page 20
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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BLEED AIR SOURCE
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
ENGINE AIR INTAKE ICE PROTECTION PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
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ENGINE AIR INTAKE ICE PROTECTION PRESENTATION
Control And Indicating
The controls and indicating are located on the overhead panel on the
anti-ice. For each engine, the Anti-Ice Control Unit (AICU) controls the
valves. Automatic operation of the valves is selected by the AUTO MODE
pushbutton. The system can be manually activated by means of the ANTI
ICE/ENG pushbuttons (through the AICUs).
In case of abnormal operation the pushbutton FAULT light comes on.
If at least one of the 4 engine anti-ice systems is on, the indication is
displayed on the Centralized Display System (CDS).
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
ENGINE AIR INTAKE ICE PROTECTION PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
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A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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CONTROL AND INDICATING
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
ENGINE AIR INTAKE ICE PROTECTION PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
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A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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WINDSHIELD ANTI-ICING / DEFOGGING & RAIN PROT PRESENTATION
Cockpit Windows Anti-Ice Defogging and Rain Protection
The anti-icing and defogging system keeps windshield and windows in
icing or foggy conditions. This is achieved by electrical heating of the
windshield and windows by the Anti-Ice Control Units (AICUs).
Rain removal from the windshield is done by two independent wipers
and a rain repellent liquid, stored in a pressurized bottle, which may be
sprayed onto the windshield to improve visibility.
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
WINDSHIELD ANTI-ICING / DEFOGGING & RAIN PROT
PRESENTATION
Mar 15, 2006
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COCKPIT WINDOWS ANTI-ICE DEFOGGING AND RAIN PROTECTION
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
WINDSHIELD ANTI-ICING / DEFOGGING & RAIN PROT
PRESENTATION
Mar 15, 2006
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A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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WINDSHIELD ANTI-ICING / DEFOGGING & RAIN PROT PRESENTATION
Anti-Ice And Defogging Control and Monitoring
Heating is automatically initiated at first engine start-up and stops at last
engine shut down. The PROBE / WINDOW HEAT pushbutton allows
manual selection.
Monitoring and overheat protection control are achieved by two Anti-Ice
Control Units (AICUs), one for each side. For the windshield, there are
2 heating levels, low on ground and normal in flight. For other windows
there is only one heating level.
Ground/flight information is given by the status of the landing gear.
The AICUs control the windshield and windows temperature heating
using temperature feedback from the temperature sensors.
In case of window heating fault, the AICU sends an output to the
Centralized Display System (CDS).
The AICUs also transmit fault messages to the Central Maintenance
System (CMS).
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
WINDSHIELD ANTI-ICING / DEFOGGING & RAIN PROT
PRESENTATION
Mar 15, 2006
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A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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ANTI-ICE AND DEFOGGING CONTROL AND MONITORING
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
WINDSHIELD ANTI-ICING / DEFOGGING & RAIN PROT
PRESENTATION
Mar 15, 2006
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A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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WINDSHIELD ANTI-ICING / DEFOGGING & RAIN PROT PRESENTATION
Wiper System
Each windshield has its own individually controlled wiper.
A two-speed electrical motor controlled by the WIPER control selector
located on the overhead panel, actuates each wiper. SLOW or FAST
speed can be selected. When the selector is set to OFF, the wiper stops
in the parking position on the lower part of the windshield and is lifted
off the aircraft structure.
A test of the electrical motors is triggered by the AICUs.
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
WINDSHIELD ANTI-ICING / DEFOGGING & RAIN PROT
PRESENTATION
Mar 15, 2006
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WIPER SYSTEM
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
WINDSHIELD ANTI-ICING / DEFOGGING & RAIN PROT
PRESENTATION
Mar 15, 2006
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WINDSHIELD ANTI-ICING / DEFOGGING & RAIN PROT PRESENTATION
Rain Repellent System
The rain repellent system is composed of a pressurized rain repellent can
assembly for storage, a gage assembly for pressure indicating, time
controlled solenoid valves, 2 spray nozzles and a blow out reservoir,
which lets the spray nozzles be purged with hot air.
Normally hot air from the trim air system purges the repellent lines and
nozzles. When the rain repellent pushbutton is pressed in, the solenoid
valve opens for a short time. This causes a measured quantity of rain
repellent liquid to be sprayed onto the related windshield on ground, the
rain repellent system is inhibited when engines are shut down.
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
WINDSHIELD ANTI-ICING / DEFOGGING & RAIN PROT
PRESENTATION
Mar 15, 2006
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RAIN REPELLENT SYSTEM
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
WINDSHIELD ANTI-ICING / DEFOGGING & RAIN PROT
PRESENTATION
Mar 15, 2006
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POTABLE & WASTE WATER ICE PROTECTION PRESENTATION
General
An automatic electrical water ice protection system is installed to prevent
ice formation in the water pipes and drain masts in flight or on ground
at freezing temperature. Two Ice Protection Control Units (IPCUs) control
and monitor this system.
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
POTABLE & WASTE WATER ICE PROTECTION PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
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GENERAL
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
POTABLE & WASTE WATER ICE PROTECTION PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
Page 33
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POTABLE & WASTE WATER ICE PROTECTION PRESENTATION
Electrical Heating Elements - Control And Monitoring
Electrical heating elements have temperature sensors that are installed
on the following components:
- water lines,
- drain masts,
- water service panels,
- potable water tank lines and valves,
- waste tank drain lines and valves.
Electrical heating elements are controlled and monitored by two Ice
Protection Control Units (IPCUs). The Ice Protection Control Units turn
the electrical heating on or off depending on information from temperature
sensors. Programmable temperature thresholds are stored in the IPCUs.
IPCU intercommunicates via DEU-B (Decoder/Encoder Unit) with the
CIDS directors to monitor and indicate the status of the Ice Protection
System.
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
POTABLE & WASTE WATER ICE PROTECTION PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
Page 34
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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ELECTRICAL HEATING ELEMENTS - CONTROL AND MONITORING
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
POTABLE & WASTE WATER ICE PROTECTION PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
Page 35
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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ICE DETECTION SYSTEM PRESENTATION
General
The purpose of the ice detection system is to give to the crew indications
of icing conditions. In addition the ice detection system automatically
controls the Wing Anti Ice and Nacelle Anti Ice systems.
The system is composed of two separate ice detectors installed
symmetrically on the upper part of the nose part of the fuselage below
the rear fixed windows.
Two external visual ice indicators installed between the two windshields
tell the crew that icing conditions are encountered, by formation of ice
on visual indicators.
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
ICE DETECTION SYSTEM PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
Page 36
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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GENERAL
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
ICE DETECTION SYSTEM PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
Page 37
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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ICE DETECTION SYSTEM PRESENTATION
Operation
The ice detection system is made of two ice detectors installed on the
skin of the aircraft. They are connected to the Anti-Ice Control Units
(AICU). In AUTO mode, the AICUs operate automatically the WAI and
Engine Air Intake anti ice systems depending on ice detectors information.
The ice detection system operates in flight above 1500 Ft and when the
Total Air Temperature (TAT) is below 10 degrees Celsius. The system
is inhibited on ground.
Indication and Monitoring
There are two levels of detection: ICE DETECTED related to an
elementary detection and SEVERE ICE DETECTED related to 7
elementary detections. In auto mode, the ICE signal activates the Engine
Air Intake Ice Protection and the SEVERITY signal activates the Wing
Anti-Ice (WAI) through the AICU. This signal is reset (ice detector
RESET input) and its processing is inhibited as long as the WAI is
activated.
These two levels are displayed on the EWD. A fault signal is displayed
when the two ice detectors are faulty.
Visual Light Indicator
The ICE IND AND STBY COMPASS switch control the lighting of the
lighted icing indicators.
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
ICE DETECTION SYSTEM PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
Page 38
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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OPERATION ... VISUAL LIGHT INDICATOR
MAINTENANCE COURSE - T1 & T2 (RR / Metric)
LEVEL I - ATA 30 Ice & Rain Protection
ICE DETECTION SYSTEM PRESENTATION Mar 15, 2006
Page 39
A380 TECHNICAL TRAINING MANUAL
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AIRBUS S.A.S.
31707 BLAGNAC cedex, FRANCE
STM
REFERENCE L0Y06082
MARCH 2006
PRINTED IN FRANCE
AIRBUS S.A.S. 2006
ALL RIGHTS RESERVED
AN EADS JOINT COMPANY
WITH BAE SYSTEMS