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INSTITUCIÓN EDUCATIVA FULGENCIO LEQUERICA VELEZ

GUIA DE TRABAJO

AREA: INGLES GRADO: 8 PERIODO: 2 HORAS: 26 horas

PROPÓSITO DEL AREA: Formar estudiantes fulgencistas competentes en las cuatro habilidades básicas del idioma
Inglés (listening, speaking, writing & reading), para que interactúen en actos comunicativos de su entorno turístico.
AMBITO O PENSAMIENTO: Listening, writing, speaking, Reading.
Identificar de forma oral y escrita los tiempos presente, pasado y futuro en la lengua inglesa para utilizarlos en situaciones
reales o imaginarias.

ENSEÑANZA:

 Verb to be
 Present simple
 Past simple


Objetivos específicos (Indicadores de logros)
Writing, Reading, writing and listening skill.

 Identifico la idea principal de un texto oral, cuando tengo conocimiento previo del tema.
 Identifico estructuras gramaticales en inglés correspondientes a los tiempos presente, pasado y futuro.
 Narro experiencias pasadas de mi vida personal en inglés.

INITIAL ACTIVITY

Look at these words… what are they?... What tense form can you see?











DEVELOPMENT ACTIVITY

VERB TO BE EN PASADO
Esquema estructural para formar oraciones empleando el tiempo pasado del verbo to be (was, were), en sus formas
afirmativa, negativa, e interrogativa, para identificación, descripción y ubicación del sujeto.



















EL PASADO SIMPLE CON VERBOS REGULARES

Esquema estructural indicando que la acción , actitud o carencia fue dada
y concluida en el pasado.

™ En forma afirmativa con verbos regulares
Subject + v-ed + (o) + (c)
She walked to school this morning.









EL PASADO SIMPLE CON LOS VERBOS IRREGULARES
Esquema estructural empleando formas verbales que indiquen que una acción se ha dado y ha concluido en el pasado.
En forma afirmativa con verbos irregulares
Subject + v irr.p + (o) + (c)
I cut six flowers five minutes ago












Esquema estructural para indicar que no se ha dado y concluido en el pasado una acción, actitud, etc.
Subject + did not / n´t + vinf + (o) + (c)

En forma negativa con verbos regulares.
He did not catch the ball
He didn´t catch the ball

En forma negativa con verbos irregulares.
He did not go to the market yesterday.
He didn´t go to the market yesterday
Observe
Para formar esta estructura se coloca primero el sujeto y luego entre éste y el nombre del verbo se inserta la expresión
DID NOT (didn´t). El resto de la frase sigue el orden normal ya señalado. La forma DID es la que lleva la idea del pasado,
por lo tanto el verbo pasa en forma simple.

Esquema estructural para preguntar si una acción, inclinación, etc., se ha dado y concluido en el pasado.
™ En forma interrogativa con verbos regulares e irregulares

Did + subject + vinf+ (o) + (c)?
Yes, + Spr + did Respuesta afirmativa
No, + Spr + did + not/n´t Respuesta negativa

Did he work in his office yesterday morning?
Yes, he did
No, he didn´t

ASSESSMENT ACTIVITY

EXERCISE 1 Read the dialogue….Circle the verbs in past.. Answer the questions…Translate into Spanish…Play a role.




















1. What did Meg do?

a. She went to a
discotheque
b. She went to a karaoke
bar
c. She did not go anywhere

2. Did Meg go to Lucky´s?

a. Yes, she do
b. Yes, she did
c. No, she did not

3. What did Rick do?

a. He stayed home and
studied
b. He did many things
c. He stay home and study
EXERCISE 2
Put the correct forms of the verbs into the gaps. Use Simple Past in the statements.


1) They __________something to drink. (to order)
2) Last summer I __________to Stuttgart. (to go)
3) She __________her homework in the afternoon. (to do)
4) He __________to 10. (to count)
5) Our cat __________a big mouse. (to catch)
6) In 2011 our class __________a trip to Norwich. (to make)
7) The weather __________really nice. (to be)
8) The secretary __________the file yesterday. (to delete)
9) Paul __________nothing to me. (to say)
10) The people __________something to each other. (to whisper)



EXERCISE 3
Past tense: a short story

Complete the story. Write the verb in past.


Yesterday evening I __________(be) at home, sleeping in front of the television,
when I __________ (hear) a strange noise .
I __________ (wake) up and __________ (run) to the window.
Can you guess what I __________ (see) in the garden? A flying-saucer!
I __________ (think) I was dreaming so I __________ (go) to the
bathroom where I __________ (have) a shower
and __________ (forget) about the flying-saucer. Suddenly
something __________ (strike) the front door.
A bit afraid, I __________ (take) a baseball bat , walked towards the door and
opened it.
Two aliens were there, smiling and jumping. They __________ (say): 'Could we have a cup of tea,
please?'
I __________ (burst) into laughter and asked them to come into the house.
I __________ (put) some water on the stove and __________ (give) them some biscuits.




EXERCISE 3






IRREGULAR VERBS

1 INFINITIVE 2 PAST 3 PARTICIPLE CASTELLANO
be (bi) was/were (uós/uér) been (bin) ser, estar
become (bikám) became (bikéim) become (bikám) llegar a ser
begin (biguín) began (bigén) begun (bigán) comenzar
break (bréik) broke (bróuk) broken (bróukn) romper
bring (bring) brought (brot) brought (brot) traer
build (bilt) built (bilt) built (bilt) construir
buy (bái) bought (bot) bought (bot) comprar
catch (kach) caught (kot) caught (kot) agarrar
choose (chus) chose (chos) chosen (chúsn) elegir
come (kám) came (keím) come (kám) venir
cut (kat) cut (kat) cut (kat) cortar
do (dú) did (díd) done (dán) hacer
draw (dró) drew (drú) drawn (drón) dibujar
drink (drink) drank (drénk) drunk (drank) beber
drive (dráiv) drove (dróuv) driven (drívn) conducir
eat (í:t) ate (et) eaten (ítn) comer
fall (fol) fell (fel) fallen (fólen) caer
feel (fí:l) felt (felt) felt (felt) sentir
find (fáind) found (faúnd) found (fáund) encontrar
fly (flái) flew (flu) flown (flón) volar
forget (forguét) forgot (forgót) forgotten (forgótn) olvidar
get (guét) got (got) got/gotten (got/gotn) obtener, conseguir
give (guív) gave (guéiv) given (gívn) dar
go (góu) went (uént) gone (góun) ir
grow (gróu) grew (grú) grown (grón) cultivar, crecer
hang (jéng) hung (jáng) hung (jáng) colgar
have (jev) had (jad) had (jad) tener, haber
hear (jíar) heard (jerd) heard (jerd) oir
keep (kí:p) kept (kept) kept (kept) guardar
know (nóu) knew (niú) known (nóun) saber, conocer
learn (lérn) learnt (lernt) learnt (lernt) aprender
lose (lú:s) lost (lost) lost (lost) perder
make (méik) made (méid) made (méid) hacer, fabricar
meet (mí:t) met (met) met (met) encontrarse con
pay (péi) paid (ped) paid (ped) pagar
put (put) put (put) put (put) poner
read (rid) read (red) read (red) leer
ride (ráid) rode (róud) ridden (rídn) cabalgar
ring (ring) rang (reng) rung (rang) sonar
run (ran) ran (ren) run (ran) correr
say (séi) said (sed) said (sed) decir
see (sí:) saw (sóu) seen (sin) ver
sell (sel) sold (sold) sold (sold) vender
send (send) sent (sent) sent (sent) enviar
show (shóu) showed (shóut) shown (shóun) mostrar
shut (shat) shut (shat) shut (shat) cerrar
sing (sing) sang (seng) sung (sang) cantar
sleep (slíp) slept (slépt) slept (slépt) dormir
smell (smel) smelt (smelt) smelt (smelt) oler
speak (spik) spoke (spóuk) spoken (spóukn) hablar
spend (spend) spent (spent) spent (spent) gastar, pasar
stand (stand) stood (stú:d) stood (stú:d) pararse
steal (stíl) stole (stóul) stolen (stóln) robar
swim (suím) swam (suém) swum (suám) nadar
take (téik) took (tul) taken (téikn) tomar, llevar
teach (tích) taught (tot) taught (tot) enseñar
tell (tel) told (told) told (told) decir, contar
think (zink) thought (zot) thought (zot) pensar, creer
wake (uéik) woke (uóuk) waken (uéikn) despertarse
wear (uéar) wore (uór) worn (uórn) usar (ropa)
win (uín) won (uón) won (uón) ganar
write (ráit) wrote (róut) written (rít) escribir