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"I would like to go Northwest ".
You want to go northwest. First, find out where northwest
is on the compass housing. Then you turn the compass
housing so that northwest on the housing comes exactly
there where the large direction of travel-arrow meets the
housing.

Hold the compass in your hand. And you'll have to hold it
quite flat, so that the compass needle can turn. Then turn
yourself, your hand, the entire compass, just make sure
the compass housing doesn't turn, and turn it until the
compass needle is aligned with the lines inside the
compass housing.

When you are sure you've got it right, walk off in the direction the direction of travel-arrow is
pointing. To avoid getting off the course, make sure to look at the compass quite frequently, say
every hundred meters at least.

But you shouldn't stare down on the compass. Once you have the direction, aim on some point in
the distance, and go there. But this gets more important when you use a map.

There is something you should look for to avoid going in the opposite direction: The Sun. At noon,
the sun is roughly in South (or in the north on the southern hemisphere), so if you are heading
north and have the sun in your face, it should ring a bell.

Back bearings enable you to retrace your steps.

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! Walk the distance between the courses and record the number of steps it
took to cover the distance.
! Compete each course twice and record the number of steps then average the
numbers.
! For the 100m course, please complete both walking and running.
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100m f
50m
20m
10

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35C 8;5 45
35C ;=5 355

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• Place the compass on the map so that the direction of the travel arrow is lined up with
the way you want to go.
• Turn the compass housing so that the arrows engraved in its plastic base are parallel to
the north arrows drawn on the map (make sure the arrowhead points E6BAP and not
south).
• Orient the map using the compass and hold it in front of you so that the direction of the
travel arrow points directly ahead of you.
• Rotate your body until the compass needle is aligned with the arrow on the base of the
compass housing.
• Pick out a prominent object ahead of you along the direction of travel, go to it, and
repeat the process (check your bearing every now and then). This way you can detour
around obstructions but still stay on your bearing.

+IBA ]I^:
Use a compass or protractor to find the bearings between the checkpoints shown on the orienteering
course on your worksheet in the order given. S is for start and F is for finish.
!f you are using an orienteering compass you will need to align the indicated north lines on your
worksheet with north on the compass. This may require you to turn your page somewhat. !t is good
practice for 'orienting' a map.

+IBA ]\^X
Use the bearings recorded in your table on the worksheet and an orienteering compass to set the course
on the ground outside. The distance between each marker is 10 meters.

When you reach F, take a bearing to S. !f you have been accurate this bearing should be quite close to
the one you recorded in the table on your worksheet.

Follow the course back from F to S, picking up the markers as you go, and check that the back bearings
you recorded are correct.

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