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96 ANSWERS TO EXERCI SES

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CHAPTER 8 • CHAPTER CHAPTER 8 • CHAPTER
LESSON 8.1
1. 228 m
2
2. 41.85 cm
2
3. 8 yd
4. 21 cm
5. 91 ft
2
6. 182 m
2
7. 96 in
2
8. 210 cm
9. A ϭ42 ft
2
10. sample answer:
11. 3 square units
12. 10 square units
13. 7ᎏ
1
2
ᎏ square units
14. sample answers:
15. possible answer:
16. 23.1 m
2
17. 2(4)(3) ϩ2(5.5)(3) ϭ57 m
2
18. For a constant perimeter, area is maximized by
a square. 100 m Ϭ4 ϭ25 m per side; A ϭ625 m
2
.
19. ᎏ
5
1
30

20. 112
21. 96 square units
22. 32 square units
4 cm
16 cm
16 cm
16 cm
16 cm
64 cm
2
8 cm
4 cm
16 cm
64 cm
2
8 cm
4 cm
12 cm
8 cm
6 cm
48 cm
2
48 cm
2
Answers to Exercises
23. 500 cm
2
24a. smallest: 191.88 cm
2
; largest: 194.68 cm
2
24b. Answers will vary. Sample answer: about
193 cm
2
.
24c. Answers will vary. The smallest and largest
area values differ at the ones place, so the digits
after the decimal point are insignificant compared
to the effect of the limit of precision in the
measurements.
25a. In one Ohio Star block, the sum of the red
patches is 36 in
2
, the sum of the blue patches is
72 in
2
, and the yellow patch is 36 in
2
.
25b. 42
25c. About 1814 in
2
of red fabric, about 3629 in
2
of blue fabric, and about 1814 in
2
of yellow
fabric. The border requires 5580 in
2
(if it does
not need the extra 20%).
26. 100; 36 ϩ64. The area of the square on the
longer side is the same as the sum of the areas on
the other two legs.
27. aϭ76°, b ϭ52°, c ϭ104°, dϭ52°, e ϭ76°,
f ϭ47°, g ϭ90°, h ϭ43°, k ϭ104°, mϭ86°.
Explanations will vary.
28. sample construction:
29a. 29b.
29c.
30°
30°
A
M
8
ANSWERS TO EXERCI SES 97
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LESSON 8.2
1. 20 cm
2
2. 49.5 m
2
3. 300 square units
4. 60 cm
2
5. 6 cm
6. 9 ft
7. 30 ft
8. 5 cm
9. 16 m
10. 168 cm
11. 12 cm
12. 3.6 ft; 10.8 ft
13. sample answer:
14. sample answer:
15. sample answer:
16. The length of the base of the triangle equals
the sum of the lengths of both bases of the
trapezoid.
2 cm
3 cm 3 cm
7 cm 9 cm
12 cm
46 cm 35 cm
45 cm 56 cm
12 cm
4 cm
8 cm
10 cm 9 cm
7 cm
7 cm
12 cm
9 cm 12 cm
9 cm
17. ᎏ
1
2
ᎏ(To see why, draw altitude PQ

.)
18. more than half, because the top card
completely covers one corner of the bottom card
19a. 86 in. of balsa wood and 960 in
2
of Mylar
19b. 56 in. (or less, if he tilts the kite)
20. 3600 shingles (to cover an area of 900 ft
2
)
21. The isosceles triangle is a right triangle
because the angles on either side of the right
angle are complementary. If you use the trapezoid
area formula, the area of the trapezoid is

1
2
ᎏ(a ϩ b)(a ϩ b). If you add the areas of the
three triangles, the area of the trapezoid is

1
2
ᎏc
2
ϩ ab.
22.
Given: trapezoid ABCDwith height h. area
of ᭝ABDϭᎏ
1
2
ᎏhb
1
; area of ᭝BCDϭᎏ
1
2
ᎏhb
2
; area
of trapezoid ϭsum of areas of two triangles
ϭᎏ
1
2
ᎏh
΂
b
1
ϩb
2
΃
23. 11ᎏ
1
4
ᎏ square units
24. 7 square units
25. 70 m
26. 144 cm
2
27. 828 ft
2
; 144 ft
28. 1440 cm
2
; 220 cm
29a. incenter
29b. orthocenter
29c. centroid
30. a ϭ34°, b ϭ68°, c ϭ68°, d ϭ56°, e ϭ56°,
f ϭ90°, g ϭ34°, h ϭ56°, mϭ56°, n ϭ90°,
p ϭ34°. Possible explanation: Let Obe the center
of the circle. mBC

ϭ112° by the Inscribed Angle
Conjecture, and d ϩe ϭmBC

by the Central
Angle Conjecture. ᭝OBA is congruent to ᭝OCA
by SSS, so d ϭe ϭ56°. DEC

is a semicircle, so
mDE

ϭ68°. By the Inscribed Angle Conjecture,
p ϭ34°. Using ᭝OEC and the Triangle Sum
Conjecture, n ϭ90°.
31. 3
2
.6
2
ր3.6.3.6
D
A
b
1
b
2
h
B
C
LESSON 8.3
1a. 121,952 ft
2
1b. 244 gal of base paint and 488 gal of finishing
paint
2. He should buy at least four rolls of wallpaper.
(The area of each roll is 125 ft
2
. The total surface
area to be papered is 480 ft
2
.) If paper cut off at the
corners is wasted, he’ll need 5 rolls.
3. 1552 ft
2
; 776 ft
2
more surface area
4. 21
5. 336 ft
2
; $1780
6. $760
7. 220 terra cotta tiles, 1107 blue tiles; $1598.15
8. 72 cm
2
9. AB Ϸ16.5 cm, BDϷ15.3 cm
10. 60 cm
2
by either method
11. Because ᭝AOB is isosceles, mЄA ϭ20° and
mЄAOB ϭ140°. mAAAB

ϭ140° and mCD

ϭ82°.
mAC

ϭmBD

because parallel lines intercept
congruent arcs on a circle. ᎏ
360° Ϫ1
2
40° Ϫ82°
ᎏϭ69°.
12. E
98 ANSWERS TO EXERCI SES
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ANSWERS TO EXERCI SES 99
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USING YOUR ALGEBRA SKILLS 8
1. x
2
ϩ6x ϩ5 2. 2x
2
ϩ7x
3. 6x
2
ϩ19x ϩ10
4. (3)(2x ϩ1) 5. (x ϩ5)(x ϩ3)
6. (2x ϩ3)(x ϩ4)
7. x
2
Ϫ 26x ϩ165 8. 12x
2
Ϫ 13x Ϫ 35
9. x
2
ϩ8x ϩ16 10. 4x
2
Ϫ25
2x
Ϫ5
5 2x
4x
2
10x
Ϫ10x Ϫ25
x
4
4 x
x
2
4x
4x 16
4x
5
Ϫ7 3x
12x
2
Ϫ28x
15x Ϫ35
x
Ϫ11
Ϫ15 x
x
2
Ϫ15x
Ϫ11x 165
x ϩ 4
x
4
x
2x ϩ 3
x 3
x ϩ 3
x
3
5 x
x ϩ 5
x
2
2x ϩ 1
x
x
3
1
2x ϩ 5
x
x
5
x
3x ϩ 2
x x 2
2x ϩ 7
x
x
7
x
x ϩ 1 x
1
5 x
x ϩ 5
x
2
11. a
2
ϩ2ab ϩb
2
12. a
2
Ϫ b
2
13. (x ϩ15)(x ϩ4) 14. (x Ϫ 12)(x ϩ2)
15. (x ϩ5)(x Ϫ 4)
16. (x Ϫ 3)
2
ϭ(x Ϫ 3)(x Ϫ 3)
17. (x ϩ6)(x Ϫ 6)
18. (2x ϩ7)(2x Ϫ 7)
19. x ϭϪ4 or x ϭϪ1
20. x ϭϪ10 or x ϭ3
21. x ϭ3 or x ϭ8
22. x ϭϪᎏ
1
2
ᎏ or x ϭϪ4
23a and b.
23c.

1
2

[h ϩ (h ϩ 4)]h ϭ48
23d. h ϭϪ8 or h ϭ6. The height cannot be
negative, so the only valid solution is h ϭ 6.
The height is 6 feet, one base is 6 feet, and the
other base is 10 feet.
h ϩ 4
h
h
2x
Ϫ7
7 2x
4x
2
14x
Ϫ14x Ϫ49
x
Ϫ6
6 x
x
2
6x
Ϫ6x Ϫ36
x
Ϫ3
Ϫ3 x
x
2
Ϫ3x
Ϫ3x 9
x
Ϫ4
5 x
x
2
5x
Ϫ4x Ϫ20
x
2
Ϫ12 x
x
2
Ϫ12x
2x Ϫ24
x
4
15 x
x
2
15x
4x 60
a
Ϫb
b a
a
2
ab
Ϫab Ϫb
2
a
b
b a
a
2
ab
ab b
2
LESSON 8.4
1. 2092 cm
2
2. 74 cm
3. 256 cm 4. 33 cm
2
5. 63 cm 6. 490 cm
2
7. Ϸ57.6 m 8. Ϸ25 ft
9. Ϸ42 cm
2
10. Ϸ58 cm
2
11. a ϭ

1
2

s; A ϭ

1
2

asn ϭ

1
2

и

1
2

s
и
s
и
4 ϭs
2
12. It is impossible to increase its area, because a
regular pentagon maximizes the area. Any
dragging of the vertices decreases the area.
(Subsequent dragging to space them out more
evenly can increase the area again, but never
beyond that of the regular pentagon.)
13. Ϸ996 cm
2
14. Ϸ497 cm
2
15. total surface area ϭ13,680 in
2
ϭ95 ft
2
;
cost ϭ$8075
16. Area is 20 square units.
x
y
y ϭ x ϩ 5
1 _
2
y ϭ Ϫ2x ϩ 10
(2, 6)
17. Area is 36 square units.
18. Conjecture: The three medians of a triangle
divide the triangle into six triangles of equal area.
Argument: Triangles 1 and 2 have equal area
because they have equal bases and the same
height. Because the centroid divides each median
into thirds, you can show that the height of
triangles 1 and 2 is ᎏ
1
3
ᎏ the height of the whole
triangle. Each has an area ᎏ
1
6
ᎏ the area of the whole
triangle. By the same argument, the other small
triangles also have areas ᎏ
1
6
ᎏ the area of the whole
triangle.
19. nw ϩny ϩ2x
20. 504 cm
2
21. 840 cm
2
h
1
2
x
y
y ϭ – x ϩ 12
4 _
3
y ϭ – x ϩ 6
1 _
3
(6, 4)
100 ANSWERS TO EXERCI SES
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ANSWERS TO EXERCI SES 101
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LESSON 8.5
1. 9␲ in
2
2. 49␲ cm
2
3. 0.8 m
2
4. 3 cm
5.
͙
3 ෆ in.
6. 0.5 m
7. 36␲ in
2
8. 7846 m
2
9. 25␲ Ϫ48, or about 30.5 square units
10. 100␲ Ϫ128, or about 186 square units
11.
12. 804 m
2
13. 11,310 km
2
14. 154 m
2
15. 4 times
r ϭ 18 cm
16. A Ϸ␲r
2
because the 100-gon almost
completely fills the circle.
17. 456 cm
2
18. 36 ft
2
19. The triangles have equal area when the point
is at the intersection of the two diagonals. There is
no other location at which all four triangles have
equal area.
20. x ϭmDE

ϭ2
и
24° ϭ48°
21. 90° ϩ38° ϩ28° ϩ28° 180°
22.
18 cm
6 cm
12 cm
24 cm
LESSON 8.6
1. 6␲ cm
2
2. ᎏ
64
3

ᎏcm
2
3. 192␲ cm
2
4. (␲ Ϫ2) cm
2
5. (48␲ ϩ32) cm
2
6. 33␲ cm
2
7. 21␲ cm
2
8. ᎏ
10
2
5␲
ᎏcm
2
9. 6 cm
10. 7 cm
11. 75
12. 100
13. 42
14. $448
15a.
15b.
15c.
15d.
16. sample answer:
17a. (144 Ϫ36␲) cm
2
; 78.54%
17b. (144 Ϫ36␲) cm
2
; 78.54%
17c. (144 Ϫ36␲) cm
2
; 78.54%
17d. (144 Ϫ36␲) cm
2
; 78.54%
18. 480 m
2
19. AB Ϸ17.0 cm, AG Ϸ6.6 cm
20. True. If 24␲ ϭ

3
9
6
0
0

и
2␲r, then r ϭ48 cm.
21. True. If

3
n
60

ϭ24, then n ϭ15.
22. False. It could be a rhombus.
23. true; Triangle Inequality Conjecture
102 ANSWERS TO EXERCI SES
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ANSWERS TO EXERCI SES 103
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LESSON 8.7
1. 150 cm
2
2. 4070 cm
2
3. 216 cm
2
4. 340 cm
2
5. Ϸ103.7 cm
2
6. Ϸ 1187.5 cm
2
7. Ϸ 1604.4 cm
2
8. Ϸ 1040 cm
2
9. Ϸ 414.7 cm
2
10. Ϸ 329.1 cm
2
11. area of square ϩ4
и
area of trapezoid ϩ4
и
area of triangle
12. $1570
13. sample answer:
14. sample tiling
3
3
.4
2
/3
2
.4.3.4/4
4
15. a ϭ75°, b ϭ75°, c ϭ30°, d ϭ60°,
e ϭ150°, f ϭ30°
16. About 23 days. Each sector is about 1.767 km
2
.
17. a ϭ50°, b ϭ50°, c ϭ80°, d ϭ100°, e ϭ80°,
f ϭ100°, g ϭ80°, h ϭ80°, k ϭ80°, mϭ20°,
n ϭ80°. Explanations will vary. Sample
explanation: The angle with measure d corresponds
to the angle forming a linear pair with g. Because
d ϭ100°, by the Parallel Lines Conjecture, the
angle adjacent to g measures 100°, and by the
Linear Pair Conjecture, g ϭ80°. The angle with
measure f corresponds to the angle measuring
100°, so f ϭ100°. The angles measuring g and k
are the base angles of an isosceles triangle, so by
the Isosceles Triangle Conjecture, k ϭ80°.
18. 398 square units
CHAPTER 8 REVIEW
1. B (parallelogram) 2. A (triangle)
3. C (trapezoid) 4. E (kite)
5. F (regular polygon) 6. D (circle)
7. J (sector) 8. I (annulus)
9. G (cylinder) 10. H (cone)
11. 12.
13.
14. Sample answer: Construct an altitude from
the vertex of an obtuse angle to the base. Cut off
the right triangle and move it to the opposite side,
forming a rectangle. Because the parallelogram’s
area hasn’t changed, its area equals the area of the
rectangle. Because the area of the rectangle is
given by the formula A ϭbh, the area of the
parallelogram is also given by A ϭbh.
15. Sample answer: Make a copy of the trapezoid
and put the two copies together to form a
parallelogram with base
΂
b
1
ϩb
2
΃
and height h.
Thus the area of one trapezoid is given by the
formula A ϭᎏ
1
2

΂
b
1
ϩb
2
΃
h.
16. Sampleanswer: Cut acircularregionintoalarge
numberof wedgesandarrangethemintoashape
that resemblesarectangle.Thebaselengthof this
“rectangle”is␲r andtheheight is r, soitsareais␲r
2
.
Thustheareaof acircleisgivenbytheformulaAϭ␲r
2
.
17. 800 cm
2
18. 5990.4 cm
2
19. 60␲ cm
2
or about 188.5 cm
2
␲r
r
b
1
b
2
b
2
b
1
h h
b
h
b
h
Apothem
20. 32 cm 21. 32 cm 22. 15 cm
23. 81␲ cm
2
24. 48␲ cm 25. 40°
26. 153.9 cm
2
27. 72 cm
2
28. 30.9 cm
2
29. 300 cm
2
30. 940 cm
2
31. 1356 cm
2
32. Area is 112 square units.
33. Area is 81 square units.
34. 6 cm 35. 172.5 cm
2
36. sample answers:
37. 1250 m
2
38. Circle. For the square, 100 ϭ4s, s ϭ25,
A ϭ25
2
ϭ625 ft
2
. For the circle, 100 ϭ2␲r,
r Ϸ15.9, AϷ␲(15.9)
2
Ϸ794 ft
2
.
39. A round peg in a square hole is a better fit.
The round peg fills about 78.5% of area of the
square hole, whereas the square peg fills only about
63.7% of the area of the round hole.
40. giant 41. about 14 oz
42. One-eighth of a 12-inch diameter pie;
one-fourth of a 6-inch pie and one-eighth of a
12-inch pie both have the same length of crust,
which is longer than one-sixth of an 8-inch pie.
43a. 96 ft; 40 ft 43b. 3290 ft
2
44. $3000 45. $4160
46. It’s a baddeal. 2␲r
1
ϭ44 cm. 2␲r
2
ϭ22 cm,
which implies 4␲r
2
ϭ44 cm. Therefore r
1
ϭ2r
2
.
The area of the large bundle is 4␲
΂
r
2
΃
2
cm
2
. The
combined area of two small bundles is 2␲
΂
r
2
΃
2
cm
2
.
Thus he is getting half as much for the same price.
47. $2002 48. $384 (16 gal)
x
y
R (4, 15)
U (9, 5)
O (4, –3)
F (0, 0)
x
A (0, 0)
D (6, 8) C (20, 8)
y
B (14, 0)
104 ANSWERS TO EXERCI SES
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