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IPSat

Satellite Terminal
Installation and Operation Guide

6340 Sequence Drive, San Diego, California 92121-4356
Phone: 858-458-1800 Fax: 858-657-5400
01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
Notice
This publication and its contents are proprietary to Radyne ComStream, Inc. and are intended solely for the contractual use of its
customers for no other purpose than to install and operate the equipment described herein. This publication and its contents shall not
be used or distributed for any other purpose and/or otherwise communicated, disclosed, or reproduced, in any way whatsoever,
without prior written consent of ComStream.

Only experienced personnel should install and/or operate this equipment. Prior to installing or operating any equipment or parts
thereof, personnel must carefully read and understand all of the contents of this publication. To properly install and operate this
equipment and/or all parts thereof, personnel must strictly and explicitly follow all of the instructions in this publication.

FAILURE TO COMPLETELY READ AND FULLY UNDERSTAND AND FOLLOW ALL OF THE CONTENTS OF THIS
PUBLICATION PRIOR TO INSTALLING AND/OR OPERATING THIS EQUIPMENT, OR PARTS THEREOF, MAY
RESULT IN INJURY TO PERSONNEL AND/OR DAMAGE TO THE EQUIPMENT, OR PARTS THEREOF.

Radyne ComStream does not assume any liability arising out of the application or use of any products, component parts, circuits,
software, or firmware described herein. Radyne ComStream further does not convey any license under its patent, trademark,
copyright, or common- law rights nor the similar rights of others. Radyne ComStream further reserves the right to make any changes
in any products, or parts thereof, described herein without notice.
©2001-2002 Radyne ComStream, Inc. All rights reserved.

Radyne ComStream is a registered trademark. Other brand and product names mentioned herein may be trademarks or registered
trademarks of their respective owners.

Contents are provided with Restricted Rights. Use, duplication, or disclosure by the government is subject to restrictions as set forth in
subparagraph (c) (1) (ii) of the Rights in Technical Data and Computer Software [OCT. 1988] clause at DFARS 252.227-7013 and
subparagraphs (a) through (d) of the Commercial Computer Software-Restricted Rights [JUNE 1987] clause at FAR 52.227-19, as
applicable. Manufacturer is Radyne ComStream, Inc., 6340 Sequence Drive, San Diego, CA 92121 USA.

Contents of this manual are provided as is without warranty of any kind, either expressed or implied, including, but not limited to, the
implied warranties of merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, and non-infringement.

Content could include technical inaccuracies or typographical errors. Changes are incorporated in new editions of this manual. Radyne
ComStream may make improvements and / or changes in the product(s) and / or the program(s) described in this manual at any time
without notice.

In no event will Radyne ComStream be liable for direct, indirect, special, incidental, economic, cover, or consequential damages
arising out of the use or inability to use the contents even if advised of the possibility of such damages. Some jurisdictions do not
allow the exclusion or limitation of implied warranties, or the limitation of liability for incidental or consequential damages, so the
above limitation or exclusion may not apply to you. For further information on legal and intellectual property matters, contact Radyne
ComStream.

This equipment has been tested and found to comply with the limits for a Class A digital device, pursuant to part 15 of the FCC Rules.
These limits are designed to provide reasonable protection against harmful interference when the equipment is operated in a
commercial environment. This equipment generates, uses, and can radiate radio frequency energy and, if not installed and used in
accordance with the instruction manual, may cause harmful interference to radio communications. Operation of this equipment in a
residential area is likely to cause harmful interference in which case the user will be required to correct the interference at his own
expense.

WARNING! Electric Shock Hazard
Do Not Open The Equipment!
Service Only by Radyne ComStream, Inc.

Gefährliche Spannung!
Öffuen des Gerätes und Service nur dur Radyne ComStream, Inc.
The IPSat contains no user-serviceable parts. Do not attempt to service this product yourself. Any attempt to do
so will invalidate any and all warranties.

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Table of Contents:
Notice.......................................................................................................................................... 1
Preface........................................................................................................................................ 4
Using This Guide:...................................................................................................... 4
Revision History ........................................................................................................ 6
Customer Service....................................................................................................... 6
Product Shipments ..................................................................................................... 7
Warranty Statement ................................................................................................... 8
Return Procedure ....................................................................................................... 9
Other Radyne ComStream Products ........................................................................ 10
Safety Precautions ................................................................................................... 11
Overview .................................................................................................................................. 16
System Overview..................................................................................................... 16
IPSat Overview........................................................................................................ 18
Installation ............................................................................................................................... 20
Placement................................................................................................................. 20
Required Cables....................................................................................................... 20
Powering On The IPSat ........................................................................................... 24
Basic Configuration ................................................................................................. 24
Rear Panel Connections........................................................................................... 28
Front Panel Operation............................................................................................................ 32
Front Panel Components.......................................................................................... 32
IPSat Menu Structure............................................................................................... 34
Navigating through the Menus ................................................................................ 35
Front Panel Navigation Buttons............................................................................... 37
Entering Commands From the Front Panel ............................................................. 38
Entering Commands Using the Terminal Emulator ................................................ 39
TX Enable Button .................................................................................................... 40
Front Panel Menu Descriptions ............................................................................... 40
Front Panel Lockout ................................................................................................ 49
IPSat Console Design .............................................................................................................. 50
IPSat Menu Tree ...................................................................................................... 50
IPSat Console Parameters........................................................................................ 51
Faults and Maintenance ......................................................................................................... 64
Fault and Status Indicators....................................................................................... 64
Rear Panel LED Indicators ...................................................................................... 65
Fault Reporting ........................................................................................................ 65
Maintenance............................................................................................................. 67
Appendix A .............................................................................................................................. 68
Technical Specifications .......................................................................................... 68
Appendix B .............................................................................................................................. 71
Cable Specifications ................................................................................................ 71
Overview ................................................................................................................. 71
IFL F- and N Connectors......................................................................................... 72
Optional Power Detector Cable ............................................................................... 77
Appendix C .............................................................................................................................. 79
Outdoor Unit Recommendations ............................................................................. 79
Index......................................................................................................................................... 80

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3 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
Preface

Using This Guide:
This guide is your sourcebook for using the IPSat Satellite Terminal
and describes the installation, operation, and configuration for this
product. An overview of system and product level requirements,
technical specifications, and troubleshooting procedures are also
provided.
This guide is designed to help you find information quickly and easily.
To take full advantage of this design, please take a moment to review
the specific formats.

Important Information
Throughout this guide you will find icons designed to help you identify
important information. These icons are:

This hazard icon identifies the possibility of electric shock when you
perform an operation with the IPSat or if you do not use the IPSat
according to instructions.

The caution icon identifies information that requires careful attention
in order to prevent equipment damage and/or injury to the operator.

The note icon identifies information for the proper operation of your
equipment, including helpful hints, shortcuts, or important reminders.

Illustrations
Some illustrations contained in this guide may differ slightly from
those shown on your front panel display, rear panel, or remote terminal
due to variations in your setup, configuration, or customization.
Figures depicting equipment may differ from those at your site:
therefore, refer to the labeling on your Radyne ComStream equipment
to identify the components. An effort has been made to use illustrations
that reflect basic equipment and configurations of the majority of
customers.

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Issuing Commands
Tasks and examples are presented in a series of step-by-step
instructions. Commands or information that you enter appear in a
different type, as shown in the following example:

To restore the factory default configuration, select
config>4:systm>init factory default from the front
panel.

If the command contains variable information that is to be typed, the
variable information is found within karats < >. In the following
example, you would type TR then the correct value for
<TX Symbol Rate>:
Type TR <TX symbol rate>

Front Panel Navigation
This guide uses right angle brackets (>) to indicate a sequence of
menus, submenus, and menu items.
For example, select config>4:M&C>Misc>Date>June 03,
2003 means:

• Select Config from the main menu
• Then select 4:M&C
• Then select Misc.
• Then select Date.
• At the date options, enter the date, June 03, 2003, in the
correct format.

Displays
The system may return values and messages on a front panel LCD,
remote terminal, or both. In this guide these values and messages
appear in a different type: baud rate 1200

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Revision History
This guide is periodically updated and revised. For documentation
updates, call Customer Service.

Revision Date Type of Revision
A Dec 01 Initial release
B Jan 02 Recommended the use of Ethernet
Switch on the IPSat Ethernet interface.
C Oct 03 Rewrite

Customer Service
We hope this guide provides all the information and instructions you
need to operate the IPSat. However, if you need assistance, contact
Radyne ComStream Customer Service at our corporate office located
in the United States, through any of the following:

Phone (858) 458-1800 Monday-Friday
7:30 a.m. – 6:00 p.m. pacific standard time
Fax (858) 657-5455
After-hours emergency Customer Service Paging (858) 458-1800
option 5. Leave a detailed voice message and your call will be
returned.

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Product Shipments
Please verify that your company name and address are correct on the
packing slip that is included with your equipment. Notify Radyne
ComStream Customer Service if any of the information is incorrect.
Ensure that you write down the following numbers and include them in
any correspondence with Radyne ComStream concerning your order:

Purchase order
Model
Reference line
Sales order

Errors
If any part of your shipment is missing or incorrect, call Radyne
ComStream Customer Service.

Cartons and Packing Materials
The factory shipping carton and packing materials are designed to
protect the equipment from excessive shock and vibration that can
occur during shipping.
Use the original shipping carton and packing materials to repack the
unit for shipment to another location or to return the unit to
ComStream for repair.
For additional information on equipment repacking, refer to the
Warranty booklet that accompanied the product shipment.

LCD Display
When you receive your IPSat, the LCD display may be covered with a
plastic protective covering. To remove the protective covering, gently
lift one of the corners and peel off the covering.

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Warranty Statement
Radyne ComStream warrants that its products are free from defects in
material and workmanship at the time of shipment and that they
conform to applicable specifications. In no event will Radyne
ComStream be liable for consequential misuse or damages.

The Radyne ComStream IPSat is warranted against any above-
mentioned defects that may occur within two years of the shipping
date.

Should it be necessary to make a claim against this warranty, the buyer
shall first notify Radyne ComStream Customer Service to define the
nature of the problem. When returning products, please be aware of the
following:
• Products returned to Radyne ComStream, whether for upgrade,
warranted or out-of-warranty repair work, or maintenance,
must comply with the ComStream Return Procedure.
• Products shall be forwarded to Radyne ComStream,
transportation prepaid.
• Products returned to ComStream freight collect or without a
return material authorization number will not be accepted.
• Radyne ComStream shall not accept any responsibility for
returned products that are improperly packaged and/or
damaged in shipment. If possible, please use original shipping
and packaging materials.
• Original product identification markings and labels must not
have been removed, defaced, or altered. Further, to preserve
the warranty the product should not be subjected to abuse,
improper installation or application, alteration, accident, or
negligence in use, storage, transportation, or handling.

Any returned product shall be completely evaluated in an attempt to
duplicate the problem so that appropriate corrective action and repair
may be completed. Following repair, the product shall be thoroughly
tested for compliance with appropriate specifications. This process will
be handled promptly but may be subject to available labor and material
resources.

The Radyne ComStream warranty, as stated herein, is in lieu of all
other warranties, expressed, implied, or statutory.

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Return Procedure
If it is necessary to return a product for out-of-warranty repair,
upgrade, or any modification, the following procedures must be
followed:

Contact ComStream Customer Service, located in the United States, by
phone or fax, at:
Phone (858) 458-1800
Fax (858) 657-5455

Speak to a ComStream Customer Service representative about any
questions, issues, or problems. Quite often equipment problems can be
corrected over the phone, which keeps your equipment in service and
avoids unnecessary and costly downtime.
Should it be necessary to return a product to ComStream for any
reason, the ComStream Customer Service representative will issue you
a return material authorization (RMA) number. To issue an RMA
number, the ComStream representative will need the product serial
number and model number.

You may be returning a product for either: repair, upgrade, or
modification. If you are returning the product for:
Repair – Include a complete description of the problem, the operating
conditions that caused the problem, and any circumstances that may
have led to the problem. This information is essential for ComStream
repair technicians to reproduce, diagnose, and correct the problem.
Upgrade or modification – Include a complete description of the
current configuration and the desired change(s). This information will
allow a ComStream Customer Service representative to provide a
formal quote for the upgrade.

Include a purchase order (PO) for any upgrade or out-of-warranty
repair work being performed. ComStream will begin repair work after
a PO is received.

Reference the RMA number on all paperwork that accompanies the
equipment, and write the RMA number clearly on the outside of the
shipping container.

Ship your module in the original shipping carton and packaging (or its
equivalent), prepaid to:
Radyne ComStream, Inc.
6340 Sequence Drive
San Diego, CA 92121 USA
RMA Number

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Do not include product accessories such as manuals, other printed
material, or rack-mount brackets.
When handling or shipping static-sensitive equipment, observe
antistatic procedures, and always use antistatic bags for shipment.
All equipment upgrade and repair requests will be completely
evaluated and the required work performed promptly. The equipment
will then be thoroughly tested for compliance with appropriate
specifications.

Other Radyne ComStream Products
The ComStream Web site, found at www.radynecomstream.com,
provides information about the entire line of ComStream products and
systems, including internet over satellite systems, broadcast receivers,
earth stations, high-speed and DVB modems, cable and microwave
products, and frequency converters.

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Safety Precautions
Carefully read and follow all safety, use, and operating instructions
before operating the IPSat. Heed all warnings and cautions contained
in this guide. Retain these instructions for future reference.

Follow Startup Procedure
Do not plug in the IPSat until you have connected the unit and read the
chapter on installation.

Provide a Safe Location
Place the IPSat in a rack or on a stable surface of sufficient size and
strength, where it will not be jarred, hit, or pushed off its surface.
Ensure that all cables and cords are out of the way and will not be
tripped over, as this could cause personal injury or serious damage to
the equipment.

Avoid Water and Moisture
If the equipment is exposed to any liquid, contact ComStream, as
serious damage could occur to the IPSat or its components.

Avoid Heat, Humidity, and Dust
To avoid internal damage, the IPSat should be placed away from all
heat sources, including radiators, heater ducts, and so on, out of direct
sunlight and away from high humidity, excessive dust, or mechanical
vibrations that can cause damage to internal parts.

Provide Adequate Ventilation
Slots and openings on the IPSat are provided for ventilation that is
needed to ensure reliable operation. To avoid overheating and ensure
that the ventilation slots are not blocked, place the IPSat on a smooth,
hard surface that has at least two inches of clearance around the unit
and adequate air circulation. If the equipment is placed in a closed
area, such as a rack, ensure that proper ventilation is provided and that
the internal rack operating temperature does not exceed the maximum
rated temperature at the position of the IPSat.
Never place the IPSat on a soft surface that would obstruct the required
airflow into the ventilation slots
.
Use Correct Power Source
For units equipped with a North American power cord, the cord has an
IEC-compatible female plug on one end, and a male plug on the other
end. This cord is UL and CSA approved up to 125 VAC at 10 A and is
ready to use with no user wiring required.
For units equipped with an International power cord, the cord has an
IEC-compatible female plug on one end, and three stripped and tinned
bare wires on the other end. This cord is approved up to 250 VAC at

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6 A and complies with the international color codes of green/yellow
(ground), blue (neutral), and brown (line).
If these color codes do not correspond to the colored markings on the
terminals in the plug, use the following standards:
• The green/yellow wire must be connected to the plug terminal
marked by the letter E or by the earth symbol ( ) or color-
coded green and yellow.
• The blue wire must be connected to the plug terminal marked
with the letter N or color-coded black.
• The brown wire must be connected to the plug terminal
marked with the letter L or color-coded red.

An AC plug must be attached to the International power cord in
accordance with government standards and codes in effect at the
installation site. If an un-terminated power cord is supplied with the
unit, the appropriate certified termination plug must be installed. The
following is a list of the required certifying agencies for various
countries

Country Agency Country Agency
Australia SAA Italy IMQ
Austria OVE Japan MITI
Belgium CEBEC Netherlands KEMA
Canada CSA New Zealand SECV, SECQ, SECWA,
EANSW, ETSA, HECT
Denmark DEMKO Norway NEMKO
Finland FEI Rep. S. Africa SABS
France UTE Spain AEE
Germany VDE Sweden SEMKO
India ISI Switzerland SEV
Ireland IIRS United ASTA, BSI
Kingdom

Route Power Cords Safely
Route power cords so they are not walked on or pinched. Pay
particular attention to cords and connections at the plugs, receptacles
(such as power strips), and the point where they exit from the IPSat
and attach to other equipment. Do not place any items on or against
power cords.

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No Stacking
Do not place or stack any objects on top of the IPSat. Other equipment
may be placed in a rack or on a shelf above or below the IPSat, but
never stacked directly on top of it.

Protect Against Lightning and Power Surges
When the IPSat is installed, have the professional installer ground the
unit to protect against voltage surges and built-up static charges. For
information on grounding standards for electrical and radio equipment,
refer to the electrical code in the country of installation.
Protect the IPSat from lightning and power-line surges during a storm
by unplugging it from the wall outlet and disconnecting the coaxial
cable.

Turn the IPSat Off When Changing Circuit Boards
Turn the IPSat off before installing or removing any circuit boards
from chassis slots. Possible damage may occur to modem, boards, or
related equipment if power is left on during this procedure.

Provide Antistatic Protection
Wear a properly grounded antistatic wrist strap to prevent electrostatic
damage to components when handling circuit boards or other
electronic modules.

Keep Objects Outside
Touching internal IPSat parts is dangerous to both you and the unit.
Never put any object, including your fingers, through slots or
openings, as this could result in touching dangerous voltage points,
short-circuiting parts, electric shock, or fire.
There are no user-serviceable parts inside the IPSat. If an object falls
into the equipment, unplug the unit and contact ComStream Customer
Service, as serious damage could occur to the IPSat or its components.

Use Approved Attachments Only
Use only ComStream-approved equipment with the IPSat.

Clean the IPSat
Before cleaning the IPSat, unplug it from the wall outlet. Do not use
any type of abrasive pads, scouring powders, aerosol cleaners, or
solvents such as alcohol or benzene.
Use only a clean, soft cloth lightly moistened with a mild detergent
solution. Wipe all equipment with a clean, soft cloth lightly moistened
with water to remove the detergent solution.

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Service the IPSat
Do not attempt to service the IPSat yourself, as there are no user-
serviceable parts. Opening or removing covers may expose you to
dangerous voltages or other hazards as well as void your warranty.
Contact ComStream Customer Service to obtain qualified service
personnel.
The following conditions indicate that the equipment needs servicing:
• The power cord or plug has been damaged.
• An object has fallen into the IPSat.
• Liquid has been spilled into the IPSat, or it has been exposed
to rain or water.
• The unit has been dropped or the cover has been damaged.
• The IPSat does not operate normally, or it shows a marked
change in performance.

Perform Safety Checks
Upon completion of any service or repairs to the IPSat, ask the service
technician to perform safety checks to verify that the unit is in safe
operating condition.

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Overview
System Overview
The typical IP over-satellite system consists of a network hub with a
single, very high-speed uplink broadcasting to numerous remote
stations, each of which includes an IPSat terminal.
The IPSat Terminal is part of a satellite-based IP network that allows
remote sites high-speed communications access to and from
LAN/WAN links. The IPSat provides full two-way connectivity to the
hub over a satellite channel and to a local Ethernet network through a
standard 10/100Base-T interface. The hub receives inbound SCPC
satellite carriers from IPSat remote terminals through a Multiple
Receive Terminal (MRT), offering up to 12 demodulators in only nine
rack units of space.
The hub system is scalable from 1 to 72 Mbps outbound and can
support virtually any number of satellite return channels. Any
combination of Internet protocol data streams, both TCP and UDP,
unicast and multicast, may be carried between the hub and remote
stations. ComStream can also integrate additional networking
equipment and applications based on your system requirements.

Basic Network Topology Diagram

Hub Equipment
While the networking equipment used in the hub will vary greatly with
the particular application of the network, the basic core of the system
remains the same and includes the following:
• Internet Protocol Encapsulator (IP Encapsulator)
• Satellite Modulator, DM-240
• Multiple Receiver Terminal (MRT)
• Optional Equipment

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Hub Network Functional Block Diagram

Internet Protocol Encapsulator (IPE)
The IPE receives data from the hub IP network and encapsulates the
data into a MPEG transport stream according to DVB data broadcast
specification EN 301 192.
Satellite Modulator DM-240
The DM-240 is ComStream's standard DVB-compliant satellite
modulator. Connecting to the IPE, the input interfaces include DVB
SPI, ASI, M2P, and RS-422. The modulator accepts the input MPEG
transport stream and provides scrambling, FEC encoding, and
modulation of the satellite carrier channel in accordance with DVB
specification EN 300 421.
Multiple Receiver Terminal (MRT)
The MRT is a 9 rack-unit chassis housing redundant, hot-swappable
AC power supplies, L-band amplifiers and distribution, and up to 12
SCPC demodulators.
The chassis includes integrated cooling fans and front panel LEDs
showing status of all installed demodulators. The demodulator cards
are hot swappable and operate between 19.2 kbps to 8.448 Mbps,
meeting the same performance specifications as ComStream’s standard
DBR2000 receiver. Each demodulator is connected to a Cisco router,
which provides a standard Ethernet interface to the hub Ethernet
network for return channel traffic from remote stations.
Optional Equipment
Based on the system application, a network may require additional
equipment including:
• MPEG video and audio encoders
• TCP optimization hardware
• Quality of service (QoS) or traffic-shaping hardware
• Basic network equipment
• Application servers

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IPSat Overview
The IPSat Terminal is an integrated two-way SCPC satellite modem
with combined IP router/bridge functionality designed specifically to
carry high-speed broadband internet traffic.

IPSat Remote System Block Diagram

The IPSat Terminal is a two rack-unit chassis including a DVB-
compliant demodulator, MPEG transport demux, IP stack processor,
and Ethernet controller functions. Innovative design of the receive path
allows use of up to the full satellite channel bandwidth to output to the
Ethernet port.
IP data passed to the IPSat Ethernet port is accepted and processed
based on internal static routing tables, framed in HDLC packets, and
passed to the satellite modulator. The modulator scrambles, FEC
encodes, and modulates the data on an L-band IF carrier for
transmission to the satellite. Up to 64 static routes may be defined in
the IPSat.

Connecting multiple client computers through an Ethernet Hub may cause
data collisions and subsequent loss of data. To resolve this potential issue,
Radyne ComStream strongly recommends the use of an Ethernet Switch on
the IPSat Ethernet interface.

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Installation
This chapter provides step-by-step procedures for installing and
cabling the IPSat and a description of all IPSat rear panel connections
and required cables.
Do not remove the IPSat top cover! The IPSat is powered by an exposed,
switching AC power supply which presents an electric shock hazard when the
top cover is removed. Personal injury or damage to the equipment can occur
when the top cover is removed. None of the procedures in this manual require
the removal of the IPSat top cover.

Before beginning your installation, read the Safety Precautions as they contain
important safety information and other instructions required to install the
IPSat.

Placement
When installing the IPSat, always position the equipment to allow easy
access to the rear panel and provide adequate ventilation.
To properly install the IPSat, follow the instructions provided in the
shipping kit.

Ventilation
It is important that all installations allow adequate ventilation to the
IPSat at all times. To keep the system cool and running smoothly, the
power supply-cooling fan exhausts air through grillwork openings on
the rear panel and pulls external air through the slots at the sides of the
unit.
The minimum airflow clearance space is three inches at the sides of the
IPSat and six inches at the rear.

Required Cables
For detailed information on cable specifications, including cable
pinouts, connector drawings, and cable lengths, refer to the appendix
on cable specifications.

The following cables are used to connect the IPSat Terminal:
• RJ45 Cat 5 10/100 BaseT Ethernet cable, either straight
through or crossover. This cable connects the J84 port to a
standard Ethernet interface.

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• RS-232 serial cable. This cable connects the J83 port to a
console.
Coaxial cables:
• IFL TX Cable: TX Out Cable, part number 05-0954-001
(supplied). This cable connects the J61 port to either the
optional attenuator or to the LMR 400 cable.
• IFL TX Cable: LMR 400, 50 ohm coax terminated with N-
type connectors. This cable connects either the optional
attenuator to the upconverter, or the TX Out cable, 05-0954-
001, to the upconverter.
Three signals are on the IFL coaxial cable to the ODU:
o 10 MHz reference which is a reference oscillator for
ODU synthesizer
o DC power (24V @ 3 amp) for the ODU.
o TX carrier signal (L-band)
• Rx Cable: Quad shielded RG-11 coax terminated with F-type
connectors. This cable connects J64 port to the LNB.
• Video interface (J82)
• Audio Left (J80) and Audio Right (J81)
• AC Power Cords: The IPSat shipping kit includes two AC
power cords, one for North American applications, specifically
the United States and Canada, and the other for international
applications.
o North American Applications: the North American
cord has an IEC-compatible female plug on one end
and a North American male plug on the other. This
cord is UL and CSA approved up to 125VAC at 10A.
This cord is ready to use with no user wiring required.
o International Applications: The international cord has
an IEC-compatible female plug on one end and three
stripped and tinned bare wires on the other end. This
cord is approved by many international safety
agencies, including VDE, up to 250VAC at 6A.
AC wiring must be done in accordance with governmental standards and
codes in effect at the IPSat installation site. Refer to the Safety Precautions for
additional information.

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Cabling the IPSat
Refer to the following diagram when cabling the IPSat. For a more
detailed description of the IPSat interconnections, refer to the Rear
Panel Connections Section later in this chapter.

IPSat Cabling

To connect the cables to the IPSat terminal, follow these steps:
1. Place the IPSat AC switch in the Off position.
2. Connect the IPSat ground stud, located to the lower right of the
fan on the rear panel, to the rack ground, or to another solid
connection to earth ground with heavy gauge wire.
3. Connect the IPSat to the upconverter. If an optional attenuator
is required, follow step 3b.
a. Connect the IFL TX coaxial cable, part number 05-
0954-001, from the IPSat TX Out (J61) to the LMR
400 coaxial cable. Then connect the LMR 400 coaxial
cable to the upconverter input.
b. If an optional Attenuator is required, connect the IFL
TX coaxial cable, part number 05-0954-001, from the
IPSat TX Out (J61) to the Attenuator. Then connect
the Attenuator to the upconverter input using the
LMR 400 coaxial cable.

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4. Connect the IPSat to the LNB. Connect the RG-11 IFL Rx
coaxial cable from the IPSat Rx In (J64) to the LNB output.
The LNB is a standard DRO or PLL type used to convert the
received C, Ku, or Ka-band carrier to L-band. Two signals are
present on the IFL coaxial cable:
• RF carrier signal (L-band)
• DC power
5. Connect the IPSat to a remote terminal. Connect the RS-232
cable from the IPSat console port (J83) to a terminal or PC
with Terminal emulation software, such as HyperTerminal,
installed.
6. Connect the IPSat to an Ethernet interface by doing one of the
following:
• Connect the CAT 5 straight-through cable from the
IPSat Ethernet 10/100 BaseT port (J84) to a 10/100
port on a switch.
• Connect the CAT 5 crossover cable to a 10/100 port
on a server, PC, or TCP Optimizer.
7. Connect an external power supply to the IPSat, if required.
• Ensure that the external power supply equipment is
turned Off.
• Connect the external power supply cable, part number
05-0952-001, from the DC Power In J60 connector to
the external power supply equipment. Then connect
the external power supply equipment to an AC outlet
according to that manufacturer’s instructions.
8. If an optional power detector is required, connect the P1
connector of the Y-cable to the TX / Rx J63 connector.
• For the optional power detector, connect the P1 15-pin
connector of the power detector cable to the Y-cable
P3 connector. Connect the circular plug of the power
detector cable to the power detector on the ODU.
9. Connect the IPSat to an AC power source.
• Ensure the IPSat power switch is in the Off, or 0,
position.
• Select an AC power cord. If an international power
cord is selected, attach a connector in accordance with
local regulations and laws.
• Connect the female plug of the AC power cord to the
AC power receptacle on the IPSat rear panel.
• Connect the male plug of the AC power cord to an
external AC power conditioning surge suppressor.
• Connect the AC power conditioning surge suppressor
to an AC outlet.

23 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
Corrupted AC input power can interrupt IPSat operations and cause
permanent damage to the unit. You should purchase and install a
commercially available, external AC power conditioning surge suppressor to
protect the IPSat against power spikes and line transients.

Powering On The IPSat
Once the cabling and interconnections for the IPSat are completed, you
may power-up the unit. The IPSat power switch is a rocker switch
located on the rear panel.
The power switch is labeled with a — and an 0. The — represents the
On position, while the 0 represents the Off position.
To power up the IPSat, press the power switch to the ON, or —
position. The power-on cycle takes approximately three to four
minutes to complete, as the unit performs extensive self-diagnostics in
this time period.

Basic Configuration
Before proceeding with the configuration, obtain the basic installation
information at the end of this chapter.

Press the Esc key. The following screen should appear:

Navigate to the Main Menu by pressing the space bar. The following
screen should appear:

24 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
Navigate to the Configuration Menu by pressing 1. The following
screen should appear:

Navigate to the Basic Configuration Menu by pressing 1. The
following screen should appear:

25 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
Most of the IPSat configuration can be performed with the Basic
Configuration Menu. The parameters are defined as follows:
IP Address: Used to identify the IPSat on the network and is usually
defined by your service provider
Subnet Mask: Used by the IPSat in conjunction with its IP address to
make forwarding decisions and is usually defined by your service
provider.
Default Gateway: Used in situations where one or more routers exist
on the IPSat’s subnet accessible through the Ethernet interface. When a
packet is received from the DVB channel and the IPSat determines that
the packet contains a destination IP address that is not on its own
subnet, the IPSat forwards the packet to a gateway. The gateway is
chosen by searching the static routes that have been defined; if no
static route exists to handle the destination network, the packet is
forwarded to the default gateway. Note: The default gateway (and
static route) configuration only applies to forwarding decisions made
on packets received by the DVB port (demodulator or receive port),
not packets received by the Ethernet port. Packet received by the
Ethernet port that contains an unknown destination network will be
forwarded out the HDLC port (modulator or transmit port).
MPEG PID 1: When a PID (Program Identifier) value is entered, the
IPSat will accept and process all traffic received by the DVB port
(demodulator or receive port) that contains the PID value. At least one
PID must be entered to receive DVB traffic and is usually defined by
your service provider.
MPEG PID 2: Same as above.

26 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
RC-Rx coding rate: Sets the type and rate of the FEC (Forward Error
Correction) decoding performed by the demodulator. Defined by
service provider. Default is Vit 2/3.
RD-Rx Data Rate: Sets the data rate in bps (bits per second) that the
demodulator receives at and is usually defined by your service
provider. The Rx Symbol Rate is automatically determined by the Rx
Coding Rate and the Rx Data Rate.
RS-Rx Frequency: Sets the L-band frequency in Hz (hertz) that the
demodulator receives at and is usually defined by your service
provider.
TC-TX Coding Rate: Sets the type and rate of the FEC (Forward
Error Correction) coding performed by the modulator. Defined by
service provider. Default is Vit 1/2. Note: When the service provider is
using Radyne ComStream’s MRT (Multiple Receiver Terminal), the
TX Coding Rate must use the DVB symbol-mapped Viterbi types
(DVB 1/2, DVB 3/4, DVB 7/8) or the sequential types.
TD-TX Data Rate: Sets the data rate in bps (bits per second) that the
modulator transmits at and is usually defined by your service provider.
The TX Symbol Rate is automatically determined by the TX Coding
Rate and the TX Data Rate.
TS-TX Frequency: Sets the L-band frequency in Hz (hertz) that the
modulator transmits at and is usually defined by your service provider.
TP-TX Power Level: Determines the power level in dBm (decibel-
meter) that the modulator transmits at. Default is 0.0dbm.
EM-Modulator: Enables or disables the modulator. It performs the
same function as pressing TX Enable on the front panel. Default is
disabled.
HP-10 MHz Reference: Enables or disables 10 MHz BUC (Block
UpConverter) reference frequency. Default is disabled.
MIV-24 Volt Output: Selects the source for the power to the BUC
(Block UpConverter). Choices are disabled, enabled internal and
enabled external. Default is disabled. Note: Enabled internal has a
maximum of 24vdc at 3 AMPS.
AE-Modulator Auto Enable: Used to automatically return the
modulator, 10 MHz and 24vdc to previous state upon power-up or
reset when set to Auto; otherwise, when set to manual, the modulator
must be manually enabled upon power-up or reset. Default is Manual.
PC-Pure Carrier: Enables or disables the transmission of an
unmodulated carrier (continuous wave) out of the modulator. The pure
carrier signal is used for diagnostic and installation procedures. Default
is disabled.

Once all of the parameters have been configured, press the Esc key. A
reset may be required for some of the settings to take effect. If this is
the case, the IPSat will reset itself after displaying a user prompt.
Refer to the Console chapter for more information about configuration
and monitoring tasks and utilities that are available.

27 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
Rear Panel Connections
All IPSat external connections are located on the rear panel.

IPSat Rear Panel

Remote Port J1
The Remote Control (J1) port interfaces to a remote terminal to
provide remote configuration, monitor, and control functionality of the
IPSat. The Remote Control port is only used in special circumstances.
Most configuration and monitoring tasks are accomplished with the
Console Port.
Connector: RS-232 and RS-485 electrical on DB-9 female connector.
Status Relay Port J68
This port is not used.
External Input Power Supply Port J60
The DC Power In (J60) port supplies up to 48 VDC at 6 amps to the
IFL cable for external (UPA).
Connector: Mini-UHF connector
Transmit Out Port J61
The TX Out (J61) port provides the transmit IF output, reference, and
DC power to the ODU transmitter. The IPSat modulator has
electronically adjustable output power. For normal IPSat operations,
the output power of the L-band modulator is set between –35 and 8
dBm, in 0.1 dB steps. The output frequency is programmable in the
range of 950 to 1750 MHz.
The output impedance is 50 ohms, with a return loss of 8 dB or better.
Connector: Mini-UHF connector
Optional Power Detector Port J63
The Tx/Rx (J63) port uses a Y-cable to interface with optional power
detector and/or user data equipment. This port provides DC and
receives a 4 to 400 KHz signal for the optional BUC power detector
for closed loop power control.
Connector: DB26 HD

28 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
Receive Input Port J64
The Rx In (J64) port receives the L-Band IF signal for the ODU and
provides DC power to the ODU LNB. The power of the input signal
must be in the range of –30 to –65 dBm. The IF frequency must be in
the range of 950 to 1750 MHz.
The input impedance is 75 ohms, with a return loss of 8dB or better.
Connector: F connector
Audio Output Ports J80 and J81
The Audio Left (J80) and Audio Right (J81) Output ports supply the
analog audio outputs for audio channels 1 and 2. The peak output level
is approximately –3 dBu and the output are matched for 600-ohm
impedance.
Connectors: stereo pair on RCA jacks, +18 dBU maximum, 0 dB
throughput gain nominal.
Video Output Port J82
The Video Output port (J82) supplies the composite analog (NTSC or
PAL) video output signal to the user monitor. The output impedance is
75 ohms. Connector: RCA jack.
Console Port J83
The Console (J83) port provides an RS-232 interface between the
IPSat and a console.
Connector: DB 9 connector
Ethernet Port 10/100 BaseT Port J84
The Ethernet 10/100 BaseT (J84) port supports auto-negotiation by
default. Optionally, speed and duplex can be manually set.
Connector: 10/100BaseTX per IEEE 802.3u on an RJ-45 connector.
Power Supply
The rear panel AC power supply interface includes an On/Off (I/0)
power switch, a cooling fan vent, and an IEC 320 power cord
receptacle.
The IPSat is powered by an auto-sensing, auto-ranging AC switching
power supply. The power supply accepts 85 to 240VAC nominal input
voltage levels cycling at 47 to 63 Hz.

29 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
Basic Installation Information Sheet

B a s ic In s ta lla tio n In fo rm a tio n

G e n e ra l In fo rm a tio n

D a te _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ In s ta lle r _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
S ite lo c a tio n _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

C u s to m e r

N a m e _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ P .O .C . a n d p h o n e # _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

S a te llite

N a m e _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ L o n g itu d e ( d e g r e e s ) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

O p e ra tin g b a n d P o la r iz a tio n
• C -b a n d • L in e a r C o -P o l • C ro s s -P o l
• K u -b a n d • C irc u la r R H C P • LH C P

E a rth S ta tio n

A ltitu d e (fe e t) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ M a g n e tic d e v ia tio n d e g re e s /m in u te s )_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
L o n g itu d e (d e g re e s /m in u te s ) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ L a titu d e (d e g re e s /m in u te s )_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

A n te n n a

S iz e _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ -_ _ _ M a n u fa c tu re r_ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

O ffs e t a n g le (d e g ) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ (fo r o ffs e t a n te n n a s n o m in a lly 2 2 .5 ° )
E le v a tio n a n g le (d e g ) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ A z im u th a n g le (d e g ) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
P o la r iz a tio n a n g le (d e g ) _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

O D U In fo rm a tio n

R a d io tra n s m itte r g a in _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ L N B T yp e _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
IF L c a b le le n g th _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ IF L c a b le T yp e _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

ID U C o n fig u ra tio n
P a r a m e te rs
T ra n s m it R e c e iv e
D a ta ra te (b p s ) __________________ ______________________
F re q u e n c y ( h z ) __________________ ______________________
C o d in g R a te __________ __________

N e tw o rk P a r a m e te rs

IP S a t IP A d d re s s _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ Subnet M ask ______________________
D e fa u lt G a te w a y _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _
M p e g P ID 1 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ M p e g P ID 2 _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _ _

30 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
31 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
Front Panel Operation
This chapter presents the following information about the IPSat front
panel:
• Using front panel components
• Navigating through menus
• Menu and command description
• Lockout feature

Front Panel Components
The IPSat has an interactive front panel with push buttons, LED
indicators, and an LCD display allowing the IPSat modem parameters
to be configured, monitored, and controlled from the front panel.

IPSat Front Panel

The front panel consists of:
• 24-character LCD — displays menus, parameters, information,
and messages
• Previous button — used to scroll up to a previous menu level
or to leave a command without changing its parameter
• Selection buttons — all three selection buttons are used to
select a menu item. The left and middle buttons may be used to
scroll down through the list of commands. The right button is
used to select a parameter so that it can be modified.
• Modify up and down buttons — used to scroll up and down
through a list of commands and through the list of parameters
for a selected command.
• Cursor left and right buttons — used to:
o Scroll within the current menu level
o Activate the cursor within a selected parameter
o Move the cursor through the parameter field
• Enter button — used to issue a command or set a parameter
• TX Enable dedicated button with illuminated message — used
to enable and disable modulator output. This button does not

32 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
affect the LCD display and is independent of all other buttons
on the front panel.
• Illuminated status and fault alert messages — provide at-a-
glance status checking enabling you to quickly scan the front
panel to check for any abnormal operating conditions.
o Rx Sync – illuminates green when the entire receive
signal and data path of the IPSat is synchronized to the
receive signal and valid data is being provided at the
user data port.
o Fault – illuminates red when a fault condition exists.
The red fault message is associated with the IPSat
current fault status register.
o Fault – illuminates yellow when a selected IPSat fault
has been logged.
o Test Mode – illuminates yellow when the IPSat is in
Pure Carrier mode. The Test Mode message must be
off, or invisible, for the IPSat to operate normally.
o View Only – illuminates yellow indicating that the
front panel is in lockout mode.

33 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
IPSat Menu Structure

34 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
Navigating through the Menus
The front panel menu structure consists of menus, commands and
parameters.

LCD Symbols
There are three important symbols that appear on the front panel LCD:
• Karats >> or <<
Indicates that there is additional information related to the item
being displayed
• Asterisk (*)
An asterisk (*) appears on the LCD while the IPSat is
executing a command or setting a parameter, indicating that
the unit is processing information. When the asterisk
disappears, the process is complete.
Number followed by colon, such as 4: or 5: Indicates the slot
number in which the module card is inserted

LCD Text Formats
All menus, commands, parameters, and system information are
displayed on the front panel LCD.
Menus
Menus are displayed in the following formats. This example is the
IPSat Main menu.

Config> Monitor > Faults>

35 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
This example shows the Configuration main menu. The numbers
represent the rear panel slot in which the specific cards are installed.
More signifies that there are more configuration menu items to view.

4:Systm> 5:M&C> More>

Commands
All commands and their associated parameters are displayed on the
LCD with the command listed first followed by it’s current parameter
setting. The following example shows the command, Baud, and its
current parameter setting of 1200 bps.

Baud Rate 1200

Information
Information, such as current faults, faults in the history log, and system
messages, is displayed as ASCII text strings. In the following example,
a fault listed in the fault log is displayed. The number four represents
the specific card which the fault is associated with, the fault, Modem
Reset Occurred, is shown, and the karats >> indicate that there is
additional information associated with that fault.

4:Modem Reset Occurred >>

36 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
Front Panel Navigation Buttons
The following front panel buttons are used to move through menus in
order to configure, monitor, and control the IPSat:

Selection Buttons
The three Selection buttons are used to select the menu item,
command, or parameter displayed on the LCD. To select the displayed
item, you press the Selection button located directly below it. The
Selection button performs the following tasks:
• At a menu level, all of the Selection buttons move you to the
selected submenu
• In a command list, the Left and Middle Selection buttons
scroll through the list of commands
The Right Selection button causes the parameter to flash,
indicating that the parameter can be modified.
• Once the parameter is selected (flashing), you can continue to
press the Right Selection button to scroll through the list of
available parameters. Or, you may press the Left or Center
Selection buttons to leave the selected parameter, and continue
to scroll through the command list.
Modify Up and Down Buttons
Once a parameter is selected, use the Modify buttons to scroll through
the list of available parameters. If the parameter is a numeric value, the
Modify buttons can be used to increase and decrease the value.
Cursor Left and Right Buttons
The cursor buttons perform several functions depending upon your
location within the menu structure.
• At a menu level use the cursor buttons to scroll within the
current menu level
• Once a parameter is selected, press either cursor button to
activate the cursor. The cursor is represented by one or more
flashing characters in the LCD display. Once the cursor is
activated, use the left and right cursor buttons to move the
cursor through the parameter field.
Enter Button
The Enter button is used to issue a command, such as the clear faults
command, or to set a parameter, such as a baud rate. The Enter button
performs the following tasks:
• When the required command is displayed and selected
(blinking), the Enter button executes the command.
• When a parameter is selected (blinking), the Enter button
configures the system with the new parameter value. The new
values are then stored in nonvolatile memory.
Previous Button
The Previous button performs the following tasks:

37 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
• At a menu level, the Previous button moves you up to the next
higher menu level
• In a command list, the Previous button moves you up to the
menu level
• When a parameter is selected, the Previous button moves you
up to the menu level

Entering Commands From the Front Panel

To issue a command from the front panel:
1. Navigate to the required command using the Selection, Cursor,
and Modify buttons.
2. Select the command by press the right Selection button or one
of the Cursor buttons. All or part of the command or its
parameter will flash.
3. Change the parameter as needed.
If the parameter is in a list, scroll through the list by doing one
of the following:
• Use the Modify buttons to scroll up or down through
the list.
• Press the right Selection button to scroll down through
the list.
If the parameter requires a numeric entry:
• Use the Cursor buttons to move the cursor to the
correct numeric position.
• Use the Modify buttons to increase or decrease the
numeric value.
For numeric parameters such as frequency values or transmit
power levels, cursor location determines the amount the value
is changed based on its numeric position (tens, hundreds, etc.).
For example, assume that the number 0 (zero) is displayed and
you need to set the value to 102000. To do this perform these
steps:
• Select the parameter. The cursor displays and blinks
under the zero.
• Press the left cursor button three times, moving the
cursor over three digit positions, to the thousands
position.
• Press the Modify Up button twice. The number 2000
displays.
• Press the left cursor button two times, moving the
cursor over two digit positions.

38 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
• Press the Modify Up button once. The number 102000
displays.
4. Set the new command parameter by pressing the Enter button.
An asterisk (*) appears briefly on the LCD and then
disappears. The command and its updated parameter will be
displayed and will not flash.
• If the Enter button is not pressed, the parameter will
not be changed.
• If no part of the parameter is flashing, pressing the
Enter button will have no effect.
To leave a parameter without modifying it, when all or part is
flashing, navigate to another command or level using the left
or center Selection buttons or the Previous button.

Entering Commands Using the Terminal Emulator
Commands not directly displayed on the front panel can be modified
and issued from the front panel using the terminal emulator command
The following remote command syntax is used when issuing
commands using the front panel terminal emulator :AA command:
:<command mnemonic> <parameter>
where:
• <command mnemonic> refers to a two- or three-letter
command abbreviation used for remote command entry that
replaces the AA on the display.
• There must be one space between the command mnemonic and
the parameter; this space is entered by pressing the right arrow
key.
• <parameter> refers to any value pertaining to the
command.
The parameter for a query command is a question mark (?);
some commands do not require a parameter.

To issue a command using the terminal emulator:
1. Navigate to the terminal emulator :AA command.
2. Select the :AA command. A blinking cursor will display to
the right of the command.
3. Use the Left Cursor button to move the cursor over two
positions to the left, so that it is located to the right of the
colon (:). The cursor should be located under the first A
and be blinking.
4. Enter the required remote command using the correct
terminal emulator syntax.
a. Use the Modify Up and Down buttons to scroll
through the list of characters. The characters display in

39 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
the following order when you use the Modify Down
button:
• A through Z
• Space
• ? (question mark)
• (hyphen)
• , (comma)
• 0 through 9
The characters display in the reverse order when using
the Modify Up button.
b. Move the cursor the right using the Right Cursor
button.
c. Repeat steps a and b as necessary until you have
entered the entire command.
5. Issue the command by pressing the Enter button.
• If the command was a query, the LCD will display
the response for a few seconds and then redisplay
:AA.
• If the command was successfully executed, the
LCD will redisplay :AA.
• If an error occurs, the LCD will display an error
message for a few seconds and then redisplay
:AA.

TX Enable Button
The TX Enable button is used to enable and disable modulator output.
This button does not affect the LCD display and is independent of all
other buttons on the front panel.

Front Panel Menu Descriptions

The following table provides detailed descriptions of the IPSat front
panel menus and commands. The commands are organized in the order
in which they appear on the front panel. Included are:
• Menu level
• Front panel command
• Command function
• Available parameters for that command or the response format
if the command is query-only

40 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
IPSat Front Panel Commands
Command Function Parameter or Range
Config>Systm
UserTxData Sets the primary transmit data rate in bps. Parameter values are: 4800 to 2336000 bps
This command automatically issues all appropriate Default: 0
transmit data rate commands to all modules in the
primary transmit data path and automatically
accounts for any overhead added by a module to the
data stream. UserTxData represents the data rate that
is input to the I/O card in the primary transmit data
path.
UserRxData Sets the primary receive data rate in bps. Parameter values are: 4800 to 2336000 bps
This command automatically issues all appropriate Default: 0
receive data rate commands to all modules in the
primary receive data path and to automatically
accounts for any overhead removed by a module
from the data stream. UserRxData represents the data
rate that is output from the I/O card in the primary
receive data path.

Modem Resets the IPSat. This has the same affect as turning Displays Powerup Test in Progress. When the
the power switch off and on. Upon reset, all reset is complete, system displays IPSat Terminal.
conditions and parameters, with the exception of
those stored in NV memory (configuration
parameters) are returned to default settings.
LoopBack Places the IPSat in Loopback test mode. Parameters are:
This command is useful for testing and DISABLE (default) – normal operation, all loopbacks are
troubleshooting the IPSat. disabled
Loopback connections are used primarily to isolate IF – IF loopback enables the demodulator to accept an IF
the location of a problem in a communications input from the modulator through an external coaxial
circuit. The IPSat always power-ups or resets with all loopback cable.
loopbacks disabled. NEAR – near data loopback. Enables the transmit clock
and data signals (TT and SD) from the DTE to be routed
back to the DTE on the receive clock and data lines (RT
and RD). In internal timing mode, the ST clock from the
modulator is routed to the RT output (instead of TT).
FAR – far data loopback. Enables the receive clock and
data signals (RT and RD) to drive the modulator in place
of the transmit clock and send data signals (TT and SD)
from the DTE. The modulator is temporarily operated in
external timing during far data loopback operation but is
returned to user-selected timing upon exiting far data
loopback mode.
Loopback connections are used primarily to isolate the
location of a problem in a communications circuit. The
IPSat always power-ups or resets with all loopbacks
disabled.

41 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
IPSat Front Panel Commands
Command Function Parameter or Range
Init Factory Initializes all configuration parameters to their Displays In Process, followed by Powerup Test
Default default states, stores them in NV memory, and in Progress. When the initialization is complete,
performs a complete earth station reset. system displays IPSat Terminal.
This command is useful when IPSat configuration
parameters have changed, their states are unknown,
or the unit will not sync or pass data. To return the
IPSat to proper functioning, issue the IN command
and then issue any commands required for custom
configuration of the IPSat.
Initialize New Use this command when new software is added to an Displays In Process, followed by Powerup Test
Firmware IPSat option card, including M&C software, to in Progress. When the initialization is complete,
ensure proper operation after installation. This system displays IPSat Terminal.
command performs a complete initialization and
reset of all cards, returning all configuration
parameters to their default settings and reconfiguring
the NV memory map.
Config>M&C>Remote
Baud Rate Sets the asynchronous communication baud rate for Parameters are: 75, 300, 1200, 2400, 4800, 9600
the remote control port. The baud rate must match Default = 1200
the baud rate of the remote control device

Remote Control Sets the remote control port at the RS-232 or RS-485 Parameters are: RS232 (default)
electrical level RS485
Remote Dat/Par Sets data parity for the remote control port. Parameters are:
7/ODD (default) – 7 data bits with odd parity
8/NONE – 8 data bits with no parity
Protocol Sets the protocol used for the remote control port Parameters are:
ASCII (default) – used with character-based computer
terminals
PACKET – ComStream packet protocol
Packet Address Sets the device address when packet protocol is Parameters are 1 - 31. Default: 1
selected for the remote control protocol. Note: Do not assign more than one device to an address
The Packet Address command is not used for ASCII on a common control bus.
protocol remote control operation.
Config>M&C>S/W Ver
Software Query-only; displays the software version of a Query response values are in the format of:
specified card <slot#>:<card desc.>Software V<ver. #>
where:
<slot#> is the slot number
<card desc.> is the name of the card
<ver. #> is the software version number
Config>M&C>Misc
:AA Terminal emulator; used to enter remote commands ___
that have no front panel equivalent.
To enter a command, use appropriate remote syntax

42 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
IPSat Front Panel Commands
Command Function Parameter or Range
Lamptest Tests all six backlit message LEDs on the front On – causes the message LEDs to light for a few seconds
panel by illuminating them for a few seconds and and then return automatically to their valid states.
then automatically returning them to their valid
states.
Clock Sets the IPSat’s real-time clock, in 24-hour time. <hh><mm><ss> parameter values are expressed in hours,
The real-time clock is used for various IPSat minutes, and seconds as follows:
functions including time-stamped faults hh – hours in two-digit, 24-hour format from 00 to 23
mm – minutes in two-digit format from 00 to 59
ss – seconds in two-digit format from 00 to 59
There is no default; issuing an Init Factory Default
command does not reset the value stored in NV memory
for this command. The time set by the factory is the
current time for U.S.A. Pacific standard time.
For example, to set the real-time clock to 4:43:01 p.m.
issue the command Clock 16:43:01
Date Mo/Da/Yr Sets the real-time date. mo>, <da>, and <yr> parameters are:
mo – month expressed in two-digit format from 01
(January) to 12 (December)
da – day expressed in two-digit format from 01 to 31
yr – year expressed by the last two digits of the year from
00 to 99
There is no default; issuing an Init Factory Default
command does not reset the value stored in NV memory
for this command. The date set by the factory is the
current date for U.S.A. Pacific standard time.
For example, to set the real-time date as 28 August 2003,
issue the remote command DAY 082803.

Config>Modem
TxDataRate Transmit data rate in bps. Parameter values are: 4800 to 23360000 bps
Sets the data rate that is input to the modulator for Default: 9600 bps
transmission. This rate is the transmit data rate Additional Information: TxDataRate and TxSymRate are
expected at the user data I/O connector related by the following equation, which depends on
modulation index (TX Mode Type) and code rate
(TX Code Rate):
Data Rate = (Symbol Rate) × (Code Rate) × (Mod Index)
where:
Code Rate is 1, 1/2, 3/4, or 7/8
Mod Index is 1 for BPSK or 2 for QPSK
Changing the TxDataRate parameter causes the transmit
symbol rate to change automatically according to this
equation, using the currently selected modulation index
and code rate.

43 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
IPSat Front Panel Commands
Command Function Parameter or Range
RxDataRate Receive data rate in bps. Parameter values are: 4800 to 23360000 bps
Sets the data rate that is output by the demodulator Default: 20000000bps
after demodulating and decoding the receive Additional Information: The RxDataRate and
signal. This rate is the receive data rate provided at RxSymRate are related by the following equation, which
the user data interface depends on the modulation index (Rx Mod Rate) and
code rate (RxCode Rate):
Data Rate = (Symbol Rate) × (Code Rate) × (Mod Index)
where:
Code Rate is 1, 1/2, 3/4, or 7/8
Mod Index is 1 for BPSK or 2 for QPSK
Changing the RxDataRate parameter causes the receive
symbol rate to change automatically according to this
equation, using the currently selected modulation index
and code rate.
TxIF Sets the transmit IF carrier synthesizer frequency Parameter values are: 950000000 to 1525000000 kHz
for the L-band modulator in kHz Default: 950000000 kHz
RxIF Sets the transmit IF carrier synthesizer frequency Parameter values are: 950000000 to 1700000000 kHz
for the L-band demodulator in kHz. Default: 950000000 kHz
TxSymRate Sets the transmit modulator symbol rate in sps Parameter values are: 9600 to 2336000 sps
Default: 0 sps
Additional Information: TxSymRate and TxDataRate are
related by the following equation, which depends on
modulation index (TX Mod Rate) and code rate
(TX Code Rate):
Symbol Rate = Data Rate ÷ (Code Rate × Mod Index)
where:
Code Rate is 1, 1/2, 3/4, or 7/8
Mod Index is 1 for BPSK or 2 for QPSK
Changing the TxSymRate parameter causes the transmit
data rate to change automatically according to this
equation, using the currently selected modulation index
and code rate.
RxSymRate Sets the receive modulator symbol rate in sps. Parameter values are: 9600 to 2336000 sps
Default: 19200 sps
Additional Information: RxSymRate and RxDataRate
are related by the following equation, which depends on
modulation index (Rx Mod Type) and code rate
(Rx Code Rate):
Symbol Rate = Data Rate ÷ (Code Rate × Mod Index)
where:
Code Rate is 1, 1/2, 3/4, or 7/8
Mod Index is 1 for BPSK or 2 for QPSK
Changing the RxSymRate parameter causes the receive
data rate to change automatically according to this
equation, using the currently selected modulation index
and code rate.

44 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
IPSat Front Panel Command
Command Function Parameter or Range
Rx Sample Rate Sets the receive sample rate in MHz Parameters are: 45 (default), 61, 81, 91 MHz
TX Code Rate Transmit FEC coding rate. Parameters are:
Sets the transmit type and rate of FEC Uncoded
convolutional encoding performed by the Seq 1/2
modulator. The modulator supports both Viterbi-
Seq 3/4
and Sequential-compatible convolutional-encoding
algorithms as well as uncoded operation. Vit 1/2 (default)
Vit 3/4
Vit 7/8
DVB 1/2
DVB 2/3
DVB 3/4
DVB 5/6
DVB 7/8
Rx Code Rate Receive FEC coding rate. Parameters are:
Sets the type and rate of FEC decoding performed Vit 1/2
by the demodulator. The demodulator supports Vit 3/5
Viterbi and Sequential decoding algorithms as well
Vit 2/3 (default)
as uncoded operation.
Vit 3/4
Vit 4/5
Vit 5/6
Vit 6/7
Vit 7/8
TX Mod Type Sets the transmit modulation type for the Parameters are: BPSK (default), QPSK
modulator.
Rx Mod Type Sets the receive modulation type for the Parameters are: BPSK (default), QPSK
demodulator.
TX Diff Decoding Controls the transmit differential encoding on the Parameters are:
modulator. OFF – disables differential encoding
ON – enables support for standard as well as QPSK
uncoded operation
Rx Diff Decoding Controls the receive differential decoding on the Parameters are:
demodulator. OFF – disables differential decoding
ON – enables support for standard as well as QPSK
uncoded operation
TX Filter Type Transmit filter mask. Parameters are:
Sets the spectral shape of the modulated TxIF ComStrm (default) – ComStream; select if the IPSat is to
signal. The modulator digital filter coefficients are operate with existing ComStream earth stations, CMxxx,
programmed to create an optimal match to the CVxxx, DTxxxx, or DBRxxx products in a closed-
demodulator baseband digital filter, which results network application; exceptions are the CM2000,
in exceptional IPSat performance. CM3000, and CM720
IBS/IDR – filter used for Intelsat- or DVB-compatible,
open-network applications
SMS – filter used for Eutelsat-compatible, open-network
applications

45 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
IPSat Front Panel Commands
Command Function Parameter or Range
Acquisition Restarts acquisition. Parameters are:
STOP – causes the demodulator to stop searching for a
receive signal carrier. This is typically the status if the
demodulator is synchronized to the receive signal and is
actively demodulating valid data.
LOCK (default) – causes the demodulator to begin
searching for the receive signal carrier. The demodulator
will acquire the carrier closest to the frequency at which
the search begins. Reentering this command restarts
acquisition.
TxPwrLevel Sets the output power level of the modulator in Parameter values are: –350 to 80 dBm
dBm. Default: 0.0 dBm

TX Pure Carrier Pure carrier mode. This command forces the Parameters are:
modulator to transmit an unmodulated carrier, also OFF (default) – enables the transmission of a normal,
referred to as continuous wave (CW). modulated carrier
ON – enables pure carrier transmission
The pure carrier signal is used for diagnostic and system
installation. When enabled, the ST clock on the data I/O
connector is reduced to 0 Hz.
10MhzOutput Enables 10 Mhz Reference Clock for BUC Parameters are:
OFF (default) – Disabled
On - Enabled
Demod Offset Query-only; displays the frequency offset between The response is displayed in units of hertz, typically
the demodulator synthesizer frequency setting within the range of ±30000 Hz; however, measurement
(remote RS command or front panel Rx Freq capabilities may extend past 30000 Hz. If the
command) and the actual demodulator RxIF demodulator is not locked to a receive signal, an N/A
carrier frequency. response will display.
Ref Output Enable Specifies timeout in seconds before radio output is Parameters values are:
automatically turned on. 0 to 32767
Default is 180
Auto Carrier Enable Automatically enables modulator, 10 Mhz Parameters are:
Reference and BUC DC Volt after power cycle or Auto – Enable
reset.
Manual - Disabled

46 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
IPSat Front Panel Commands
Command Function Parameter or Range
ODU Power Cntrl Enables and selects source for BUC DC Voltage. Parameters are:
OFF – Disabled (Default)
INT – Enabled Internally
EXT – Enabled Externally
TX Clock Source Transmit bit timing. Parameters are:
Sets the source of the modulator bit time, transmit INT (default) – internal timing. The modulator generates
data clock. The DTE must provide the DT8000 its own transmit clock (station timing, or ST) based upon
with send data (SD) that transitions on the rising the internal IPSat clock.
edge of the selected transmit clock. EXT – external timing. The modulator uses the TT clock
provided by the DTE as the transmit clock.
LOOP – loop timing. This routes the RT signal from the
demodulator into the TT clock input of the modulator and
sets the modulator for external timing operation.
Note: It is recommended that loop timing be done in the
DTE equipment rather than the IPSat to prevent data
pattern slips due to an incorrect clock-data relationship at
the modulator transmit data latch. If the DTE does not
support loop timing mode, the IPSat loop timing
configuration may be used for data rates below 500 kbps
with a data cable length under 5 m (15 ft) from the IPSat
to the DTE.
TX Scrambling Sets the scrambling algorithm applied to the Parameters are:
transmit data stream. OFF – scrambling disabled
COMSTRM (default) – ComStream-compatible
scrambling
IDR Man. – IDR, IESS-308-compatible scrambling
Rx Scrambling Sets the descrambling algorithm applied to the Parameters are:
receive data stream. OFF – descrambling disabled
COMSTRM (default) – ComStream-compatible
descrambling
IDR Man. – IDR, IESS-308-compatible descrambling
Monitor
Eb/No Query-only; displays the current Eb/N0 level in dB. Query response values: 0 to 21.0
The displayed value represents an estimate of the Eb/N0
and is in the range of 0 to 21 dB in 0.1-dB steps. The
accuracy of the measurement depends on two factors:
Value of the Eb/N0 when queried – from 5 to 10 dB
provides very accurate estimates
Symbol rate of the IPSat – high symbol rates provide
more accurate measurements than low symbol rates
The result is within 0.5 dB.
Additional Information: If Eb/No is viewed when the
IPSat is not locked to a receive carrier, an N/A response
will display.

47 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
IPSat Front Panel Commands
Command Function Parameter or Range
AGC Level Query-only; displays the gain factor applied to the Query response values: 0 to 255
received signal. A low number indicates a strong receive signal as high as
-30 dBm; a high number indicates a weak receive signal
as low as -90 dBm. A return value of 60 to 80 indicates a
good signal level.
Note: The demodulator automatically adjusts the gain
factor to keep the baseband signal at a constant level,
regardless of RxIF input signal power. The range for this
input signal power is -30 to -90 dBm.
Chan Err Rate Query-only; displays the channel error rate. Query response values: are in the form n x 10^-y.
If the Chan Err Rate is viewed when the IPSat is
not locked to a receive carrier, or if it is operating
uncoded, an N/A front panel message will appear.
TX Clk Query-only; displays the frequency of the TT Query response values: are in the form n x 10^-y.
clock supplied by the DTE to the data I/O
connector of the IPSat. The parameter has an
accuracy that is better than ±1 percent of the
frequency being measured. The frequency of the
TT clock is expressed in kHz.
Rx Clk Query-only; displays the frequency of the RT Query response values: 0 to 2336000 kHz.
clock supplied by the data I/O connector of the
IPSAT to the DTE. The parameter has an accuracy
that is better than ±1 percent of the frequency
being measured. The frequency of the RT clock is
expressed in kHz.
Faults
FaultLog Query-only; displays the faults found in the fault Displays logged modem faults.
log.
Current Query-only; displays the real-time current faults. Displays current modem faults; faults can be scrolled
through by using the Modify Up and Down buttons.
Clear Clears the fault history log. __
Note: Upon power-up or reset, the IPSat fault log
register must be cleared by executing the Clear
command before fault monitoring can begin.

48 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
Front Panel Lockout
For some installations, the front panel may need to be disabled. For
these applications the IPSat provides view-only and complete front
panel lockout modes. These modes prohibit accidental or unauthorized
modifications to the IPSat operating configuration. Since the lockout
configuration parameter is stored in NV memory, it remains unchanged
after an IPSat reset or power-up.
To lock out the front panel, change from one lockout mode to another,
or return the front panel to normal operation, perform the following
steps:
1. Access the front panel LockOut command by pressing the
Previous, Up Modify, and left Cursor buttons Previous ^ <
simultaneously (these three buttons are pressed together). The
LCD will display the message Front Panel Normal.
2. Select Normal. It will begin to blink.
3. Scroll through the parameter list until the required
configuration is found.
Available parameters are:
• Normal – all features are enabled; front panel is fully
functional
• View Only – front panel responds to all push buttons,
except Enter and TX Enable, to allow you to read all
operating parameters and configuration parameters,
but not change parameters; this mode is indicated by a
yellow View Only message on the front panel to the
right of the LCD display and above the Enter button
• LockOut – this mode is indicated by the message
Front Panel LockOut on the LCD; while this mode is
active, all button presses are ignored except the
Previous ^ < button sequence.
4. Press the Enter button to issue the command.

49 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
IPSat Console Design
IPSat Menu Tree
The IPSat console provides a menu-driven interface in a tree structure
as detailed below. Notice that there are three main categories of
functions: Configuration, Status, and Utilities. A description of each
function can be found in the chart 5.1.
1. Main Menu
1.1 Configuration
1.1.1 Basic
1.1.2 Advanced
1.1.2.1 Network
1.1.2.1.1 Ethernet
1.1.2.1.2 IP
1.1.2.1.2.1. Static Routes
1.1.2.1.2.2. Multicast Control
1.1.2.1.3 ARP
1.1.2.1.4 HDLC
1.1.2.1.5 NMS Control Address
1.1.2.2 MODEM
1.1.2.2.1 Modulator
1.1.2.2.2 Demodulator
1.1.2.3 DVB/MPEG
1.1.2.3.1 PID Table
1.1.2.3.2 MAC Filtering
1.1.2.3.3 Audio/Video
1.1.2.4 Console
1.1.2.5 Security
1.1.2.5.1 Telnet Control
1.1.2.5.2 Telnet Password
1.1.2.5.3 Telnet Timeout
1.1.2.5.4 Local Ping Control
1.2 Status
1.2.1 Network
1.2.1.1 Ethernet Port Status
1.2.1.2 IP
1.2.1.2.1 Forwarding Table
1.2.1.2.2 Routed Packet List
1.2.1.3 ARP Table
1.2.2 MODEM
1.2.3 DVB/MPEG

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1.2.4 Packet Statistics
1.2.5 Firmware Versions
1.3 Utilities
1.3.1 Ping
1.3.2 Loopback
1.3.2.1 Test
1.3.2.2 Test Statistics
1.3.3 Initialize Configuration
1.3.4 Firmware Upgrade
1.3.5 Debug Commands
1.3.5.1 Forward Channel Processor Commands

IPSat Console Parameters
The following chart provides a description of all of the parameters that
can be configured and monitored on the IPSat.
Main Menu → [1] IP Address: Used to identify the
Configuration → Basic IPSat on the network and is usually
defined by your service provider.
[2] Subnet Mask: Used by the IPSat
in conjunction with its IP address to
make forwarding decisions and is usually
defined by your service provider.
[3] Default Gateway: Used in
situations where one or more routers
exist on the IPSat's subnet accessible
through the Ethernet interface. When a
packet is received from the DVB channel
and the IPSat determines that the packet
contains a destination IP address that is
not on its own subnet, the IPSat forwards
the packet to a gateway. The gateway is
chosen by searching the static routes that
have been defined; if no static route
exists to handle the destination network,
the packet is forwarded to the default
gateway. Note: The default gateway
(and static route) configuration only
applies to forwarding decisions made on
packets received by the DVB port
(demodulator or receive port), not
packets received by the Ethernet port.
Packets received by the Ethernet port that
contain an unknown destination network
will be forwarded out the HDLC port
(modulator or transmit port).
[4] MPEG PID 1: When a PID
(Program Identifier) value is entered, the

51 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
IPSat will accept and process all traffic
received by the DVB port (demodulator
or receive port) that contains the PID
value. At least one PID must be entered
to receive DVB traffic and is usually
defined by your service provider.
[5] MPEG PID 2: When a PID
(Program Identifier) value is entered, the
IPSat will accept and process all traffic
received by the DVB port (demodulator
or receive port) that contains the PID
value. At least one PID must be entered
to receive DVB traffic and is usually
defined by your service provider.
[6] RD - Rx Data Rate: Sets the data
rate in bps (bits per second) that the
demodulator receives at and is usually
defined by your service provider. The
Rx Symbol Rate is automatically
determined by the Rx Coding Rate and
the Rx Data Rate.
[7] RS - Rx Frequency: Sets the
frequency in Hz (hertz) that the
demodulator receives at and is usually
defined by your service provider.
[8] TC - TX Coding Rate: Sets the
coding rate that the modulator will use
and is usually defined by your service
provider.
[9] TD - TX Data Rate: Sets the data
rate in bps (bits per second) that the
modulator transmits at and is defined by
your service provider. The TX Symbol
Rate is automatically determined by the
TX Coding Rate and the TX Data Rate.
[10] TS - TX Frequency: Sets the
frequency in Hz (hertz) that the
modulator transmits at and is usually
defined by your service provider.
[11] TP - TX Power Level:
Determines the power level in dBm
(decibel-meter) that the modulator
transmits at.
[12] EM - Modulator: Enables or
disables the modulator. It performs the
same function as pressing TX Enable on
the front panel.
[13] HP - 10 MHz Reference:
Enables or disables the 10 MHZ

52 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
reference from the IPSat to the BUC
(Block Up Converter)
[14] MIV - 24 Volt Output: Enables
or disables the 24v output from the IPSat
power supply to power a BUC (Block
UpConverter). The output supplies a
maximum of 3 Amps.
[15] AE - Modulator Auto Enable:
Used to automatically enable the
modulator upon power-up or reset when
set to Auto; otherwise, when set to
manual, the modulator must be manually
enabled upon power-up or reset.
[16] PC - Pure Carrier: Enables or
disables the transmission of an
unmodulated carrier (continuous wave)
out of the modulator. The pure carrier
signal is used for diagnostic and
installation procedures.

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Main Menu → [1] MAC Address: The Media
Configuration → Access Control address (physical
Advanced → Network → address) of the Ethernet port. While it is
Ethernet possible to change the address, this is not
recommended since there is no guarantee
that it will be unique. The MAC address
is also used by your service provider to
identify your IPSat.
[2] Port Setting: In Auto-negotiation
Mode, the IPSat's Ethernet port will
automatically negotiate its speed and
duplex with the Ethernet port of the
device the IPSat is plugged into. In
Manual Mode, the console will allow the
user to specify the port speed and duplex.
Note 1: When connecting two Ethernet
devices together, both devices should be
set to use the same port settings. For
example, if the IPSat is set to use auto-
negotiation, the Ethernet device it is
connected to should also use auto-
negotiation. If this advice is not heeded,
your network performance could be
reduced due to excessive collisions.
Note 2: The Port Speed and Port Duplex
Mode options only appear when Manual
Mode is selected for the Ethernet port.
[3] Port Speed: The manually
configured speed of the Ethernet port.
[4] Port Duplex Mode: The
manually configured duplex mode of the
Ethernet port.

54 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
Main Menu → When the IPSat must forward traffic to
Configuration → multiple networks that are accessible
Advanced → Network → through different routers on the IPSat's
IP → Static Routes subnet, static routes must be used. To
add a static route, press "a". You will be
prompted to enter the following:
Destination: The destination network IP
address.
Mask: The destination network subnet
mask.
Gateway: The IP address of the gateway
(router) that will forward the packet to its
final destination or the next hop.
Port: The port that the incoming packet
will be forwarded out. This should
always be the Ethernet port unless a
Multicast static route is entered, in which
case, the HDLC port should be chosen.
Note: The default gateway and static
route configuration only apply to
forwarding decisions made on packets
received by the DVB port (demodulator
or receive port), not packets received by
the Ethernet port. Packets received by
the Ethernet port that contain an
unknown destination network will be
forwarded out the HDLC port (modulator
or transmit port).
Configuration Example:
Consider the network diagram below for
the following discussion. Assume that
Router A can forward packets to ten
different networks, Router B can forward
packets to network 192.168.34.240 with
subnet mask 255.255.255.248, and
Router C can forward packets to network
192.168.34.232 with subnet mask
255.255.255.248.

[IPSat]-------[Switch]---------[Router A]
10.0.0.1 | 10.0.0.30
|
|-------------[Router B]
| 10.0.0.35
|
|-------------[Router C]
10.0.0.40

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The easiest way to configure the IPSat
for this network is to perform the
following three steps:
1. Configure a default gateway of
10.0.0.30 on the Basic Configuration
page. Using the default gat
gateway in this instance saves the user
from entering ten static routes.
2. Configure a static route as follows:
Destination: 192.168.34.240
Mask: 255.255.255.248
Gateway: 10.0.0.35
Port: Ethernet
3. Configure a static route as follows:
Destination: 192.168.34.232
Mask: 255.255.255.248
Gateway: 10.0.0.40
Port: Ethernet
Main Menu → Determines how long an unused ARP
Configuration → (Address Resolution Protocol) entry will
Advanced → Network → remain in the ARP table.
ARP
Main Menu → This value depends on the type of
Configuration → equipment your service provider is using
Advanced → Network → to process the IPSat’s HDLC
HDLC (transmitted) traffic. 16-bit address mode
is used for Cisco equipment and 0-bit
address mode is used for RAD
equipment. Your service provider should
provide you with this setting.
Main Menu → The IP address that is used by your
Configuration → service provider's NMS (Network
Advanced → Network → Management System). The NMS allows
NMS Control Address your service provider to configure your
IPSat and gather statistics from your
IPSat.
Main Menu → [1] MI - TX Spectral Inversion:
Configuration → Enables or disables transmit spectral
Advanced → MODEM inversion. Default is Disable
→ Modulator [2] TM - TX Modulation Type:
Modulation type can be set to QPSK or
BPSK. This should be provided by your
service provider. Default is QPSK.
[3] TO - TX Offset: A frequency
that is added (or subtracted) to the TX
frequency. Default is 0hz.

56 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
[4] ROE - Radio Output Enable:
The amount of time that the IPSat will
wait upon power-up or reset to
automatically enable the modulator. The
BUC requires a warm-up period in order
for accurate transmission characteristics.
Default is 180 seconds.
[5] TR - TX Symbol Rate: The
symbol rate at which the modulator
transmits at. It can be entered in sps
(symbols per second). When changing
the symbol rate, the data rate in the Basic
Configuration will also change. Symbol
rate is related to data rate using the
following equation:

Symbol Rate = (Data Rate / (Code Rate x
Modulation Index))

For example, the symbol rate of a 2
Mbps, Viterbi-DVB 3/4, QPSK
transmission is

Symbol Rate = (2000000 / ((3/4) x 2)) =
1333333 sps

[6] DM - Differential Encoding on
modulator: Enables or disables
differential encoding. Used to protect
from the possibility of phase ambiguity
errors. Default is on.
[7] SM - Scrambling Type on
modulator: selects type of scrambling
algorithm applied to transmit data stream.
Default is ComStream.
[8] PD - Power Detect: Enables or
disables optional power detector. Default
is disabled.
[9] MFS - Modulator Filter Select:
Selects the spectral shape of the
modulated transmit signal. Used to
optimize filter shapes between modulator
and demodulator Default is ComStream.

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Main Menu → [1] EBT - Eb/No Threshold: When
Configuration → the Eb/No falls below the Eb/No
Advanced → MODEM threshold, the IPSat will report a fault.
→ Demodulator Default is 0db.
[2] AO - Acquisition Offset: When
the demodulator begins its acquisition
process, it will begin its search at the Rx
frequency plus or minus the acquisition
offset. For example, if the Rx Frequency
is 1200000000 Hz and the acquisition
offset is 1000 Hz, the demodulator will
begin its acquisition at 1200001000 Hz.
Default is 0hz.
[3] DD - Differential Decoding:
Enables or disables differential decoding.
Used to protect from the possibility of
phase ambiguity errors. Default is on.
[4] RM - Rx Modulation Type:
Modulation type can be set to QPSK or
BPSK. This should be provided by your
service provider. Default is QPSK.
[5] RR - Rx Symbol Rate: The
symbol rate at which the demodulator
receives at. It can be entered in sps
(symbols per second). When changing
the symbol rate, the data rate in the Basic
Configuration will also change. Symbol
rate is related to data rate using the
following equation:

Symbol Rate = (Data Rate / (Code Rate x
Modulation Index)) x Reed-Solomon
Overhead

For example, the symbol rate of a 70
Mbps, Viterbi 7/8, QPSK transmission is

Symbol Rate = (70000000 / ((7/8) x 2)) x
(204/188) = 43404256 sps
[6] SD - Descrambling Type:
enables or disables DVB descrambling
algorithm applied to receive data stream.
Default is DVB descrambling.
[7] DFS - Demod Filter Select:
Selects the spectral shape for the digital
filter. Used to optimize filter shapes
between modulator and demodulator.
Default is ComStream.

58 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
Main Menu → When a PID (Program Identifier) value is
Configuration → entered, the IPSat will accept and process
Advanced → all traffic received by the DVB port
DVB/MPEG → PID (demodulator or receive port) that
Table contains the PID value. At least one PID
must be entered to receive DVB traffic
and is defined by your service provider.

Main Menu → Enables or disables MAC Filtering.
Configuration → When MAC Filtering is enabled, only
Advanced → DVB packets containing the IPSat's
DVB/MPEG → MAC MAC address will be accepted and
Filtering processed by the IPSat. This value is
usually defined by your service provider.

Main Menu → [1] Video PID: When a Video PID
Configuration → (Program Identifier) value is entered, the
Advanced → IPSat will accept and process all traffic
DVB/MPEG → received by the DVB port (demodulator
Audio/Video or receive port) that contains the PID
value. The MPEG-2 video traffic that is
received on this PID will be output on the
RCA Video output (J82).
[2] Audio PID: When an Audio PID
(Program Identifier) value is entered, the
IPSat will accept and process all traffic
received by the DVB port (demodulator
or receive port) that contains the PID
value. The MPEG-2 audio traffic that is
received on this PID will be output on the
RCA Audio Left and Right outputs (J80
and J81).
[3] PCR PID: When a PCR
(Programmable Clock Reference) PID
(Program Identifier) value is entered, the
IPSat will accept and process all traffic
received by the DVB port (demodulator
or receive port) that contains the PID
value. In most cases, the PCR PID must
match the video PID so that the MPEG-2
video stream can be properly decoded.
Main Menu → The console port speed Default is
Configuration → 19200,8,N,1 Note: baud rate is in bps
Advanced → Console (bits per second).
Main Menu → Enables or disables the IPSat's Telnet
Configuration → server. Default is Disable. Only six
Advanced → Security → Telnet sessions can be active at any given
Telnet Control time.

59 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
Main Menu → The Telnet password can be entered here.
Configuration → Default is ipsat. Should be changed to a
Advanced → Security → unique password for security reasons.
Telnet Password
Main Menu → The amount of time that a Telnet session
Configuration → can remain idle before it is terminated.
Advanced → Security → Default is 5 min.
Telnet Timeout
Main Menu → Enables or disables the IPSat's response
Configuration → to ping requests received on its Ethernet
Advanced → Security → port. Default is enable.
Local Ping Control
Main Menu → Status → Link Status: Up when Ethernet port
Network → Ethernet is connected to a working Ethernet
Port Status device and Down when Ethernet port is
not connected to a working Ethernet
device.
Port Operation Mode: Ethernet port
can be in auto-negotiation mode or
manual mode.
Speed: Can be 100 Mbps or 10 Mbps.
Duplex Mode: Can be full-duplex or
half-duplex.
Loopback Mode: Ethernet port is
either in normal mode or loopback mode.
Main Menu → Status → Lists the IPSat's routing table which
Network → IP → includes the destination network,
Forwarding Table destination network prefix (mask),
gateway IP address of the destination
network, and the interface that leads to
the destination network. Interface 1 is
Ethernet, 2 is HDLC, and 3 is Local.
Main Menu → Status → Before the IPSat can forward a packet, it
Network → IP → must decide which port the packet should
Routed Packet List be forwarded out of based on the source
and destination IP addresses contained in
the packet. After the IPSat has made this
decision, it stores the information in the
Routed Packet List. Entries time out of
the list based upon the ARP Table
Timeout setting.
Main Menu → Status → Before the IPSat can send data to a host
Network → ARP Table on its Ethernet subnet, it must know the
host's physical address or MAC (Media
Access Control) address. The ARP
(Address Resolution Protocol) table
contains a list of MAC address and IP

60 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
address mappings. Entries will be
removed from the table according to the
ARP Table Timeout value.
Main Menu → Status → Demodulator Status: Reports
Modem whether the demodulator is synchronized
or not synchronized to a carrier signal.
Modulator Status: Reports whether
the modulator is enabled or disabled.

AGC value: The AGC (Automatic
Gain Control) of the demodulator is a
gauge of how powerful the received
signal is. As the signal strength
increases, so does the AGC value.
Eb/No: The Eb/No value is the
energy-per-bit with respect to noise (or
signal-to-noise ratio) of the signal
received by the demodulator.

Receive Offset: The frequency
difference between the signal acquired by
the demodulator and the configured Rx
frequency.
Main Menu → Status → Displays the number of packets received
DVB/MPEG on each configured PID in the DVB
stream.
Main Menu → Status → [DVB] Received Packets: Number of
Packet Statistics packets received on the DVB port.
[DVB] Dropped Packets: Number of
packets received at the DVB port that
could not be forwarded due to an
unresolvable destination IP address or
some other error condition.
[DVB] Local Packets: Number of
packets received on the DVB port that
are destined for the IPSat.

[Ethernet] Transmitted Packets:
Number of packets that are transmitted
out of the Ethernet port.
[Ethernet] Received Packets:
Number of packets that are received by
the Ethernet port.
[Ethernet] Receive Errors: Number
of errors that occur on received packets
on the Ethernet port. For example, if the
IPSat receives a frame that is too short

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due to an Ethernet collision, an error will
be logged. Another example would be
when the IPSat receives traffic at a faster
rate than it can transmit.

[HDLC] Transmitted Packets:
Number of packets that are transmitted
out of the HDLC port.
[HDLC] Transmission Errors:
Number of errors that occur when
attempting to transmit packets out of the
HDLC port.

Mpeg Packet Total: Number of
packets received in the MPEG/DVB
stream.
Mpeg Packet Errors: Number of
errors received in the MPEG/DVB
stream. It is normal for a few errors to
appear upon startup or reset.
Main Menu → Status → Displays the versions of firmware that
Firmware Versions are used by the IPSat.
Main Menu → Utilities [1] Destination IP Address: The IP
→ Ping address of the host that is to be pinged.
[2] Packet size: The size of the
payload contained in the ping.
[3] Number of packets: The number
of packets to send to the host.
[4] Send Ping(s): Initiates the ping
process. Pressing the ESC key will abort
the ping task.
Main Menu → Utilities [1] Loopback IP Address: The IP
→ Loopback → Test address that the IPSat will send back
through its HDLC port.
[2] Loopback Test (Hardware):
Starts or stops the loopback mode.
Main Menu → Utilities DVB Receive Packets: The number
→ Loopback → Test of packets received at the DVB port
Statistics during loopback testing.
HDLC Transmit Packets: The
number of packets transmitted out of the
HDLC port during loopback testing.
Main Menu → Utilities Answering Yes will return all of the
→ Initialize Packet Processor (non-MODEM) settings
Configuration to their factory default values.

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Main Menu → Utilities When new features are added or "bugs"
→ Firmware Upgrade are fixed, a firmware upgrade is required.
The firmware can be downloaded to the
IPSat using the console interface or your
provider may choose to download it
through the DVB stream. For the fastest
console download, the console port speed
should be set to 115200 bps and 1K X-
MODEM should be used as the transfer
protocol. Note: While a firmware
upgrade is being downloaded, the IPSat
will not forward any network traffic.
Main Menu → Utilities This is a debugging tool and should only
→ Debug Commands → be used under the direction of Radyne
Forward Channel ComStream customer support.
Processor Commands

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Faults and Maintenance
This chapter provides information on:
• Faults and status indicators
• Fault reporting, including current faults and faults found in the
fault history log
• Troubleshooting operational problems
• IPSat maintenance
Fault and Status Indicators
Front Panel LED Indicators
The IPSat front panel LED indicators are located to the right of the
LCD display. They indicate the status of certain IPSat operating and
hardware conditions. Some are visible with or without illumination;
others are visible only when illuminated. The IPSat front panel
indicators are described in the following table.
IPSat Front Panel LED Indicators
LED Message Active Inactive Description
Rx Sync Green White Illuminates when the entire receive signal and data path of the IPSat is
synchronized to the receive signal and valid data is being provided at the user data
port. Receive synchronization includes demodulator carrier sync, demodulator bit
time sync, decoder sync (if operating with Viterbi decoding enabled).
The Rx Sync message appears white if the IPSat is not synchronized to the
receive signal. This status message is not directly affected by any push buttons on
the front panel.
Fault Red Not Illuminates as long as a selected IPSat fault condition exists. You can select which
Visible IPSat fault conditions affect this indicator. Some users are concerned only with
hardware fault conditions that may indicate that a faulty card must be replaced.
Others are concerned with operational fault conditions and hardware faults; for
example, you may want to know when the demodulator loses sync.
The red Fault message is associated with the IPSat current fault status register.
Fault Yellow Not Indicates that a selected IPSat fault has been logged. Once a fault is detected, it is
Visible remembered in the IPSat fault log, even if the fault disappears, until the fault
register is cleared. You can select which IPSat faults affect this indicator.
The yellow Fault message is associated with the IPSat fault log register. The fault
log register is 32 bits long, each bit representing one fault condition.
The fault register is cleared by the Clear fault register command accessed through
the front panel Faults.
Test Mode Yellow Not Illuminates when the IPSat is in Pure Carrier mode. The Test Mode message must
Visible be off, or invisible, for the IPSat to operate normally.
View Only Yellow Not Indicates that the front panel is in lockout mode. Configuration parameters may
Visible not be changed using the front panel buttons, however the buttons can be used to
scroll through and view the command lists.
TX Enable Green White Illuminates when the modulator output is enabled.

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Rear Panel LED Indicators
There are six status LEDs on the IPSat rear panel that provide
information on the Ethernet 10/100Base-T port connection. The rear
panel LEDs include:
• 1/2 Dup – duplex mode indicator
o LED is off – port is operating in half duplex
o illuminates green – port is operating in full duplex
• Rx – receive indicator
o off – port is not receiving data
o illuminates green – port is receiving data
• TX – transmit indicator
o off – port is not transmitting data
o illuminates green – port is transmitting data
• Link – link indicator
o off – no link present
o illuminates green – link present
• Coll – collision indicator
o off – no collisions are happening
o blinking green – collisions are occurring on the
transmission
• 100B – rate indicator
o off – port is operating at 10 Mbps
o illuminates green – port is operating at 100 Mbps

IPSat Rear Panel LEDs

Fault Reporting
Once a fault is detected by the IPSat, it is reported and stored in both a
current fault log and fault history log. The current and history logs
differ in that the:
o Current fault log only retains faults that are currently occurring
o Fault history log register retains faults until they are cleared by
issuing the front panel Faults>Clear command
Each fault message is issued only once; subsequent occurrences of that
fault will not cause fault messages to appear until the fault log register
is cleared.

65 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
Current Faults
Current faults are reported real -time, which means that only
conditions that are present at the time of the query are displayed,
regardless of what fault conditions have existed in the past.
To view the current faults on the front panel LCD, select
Faults>Current.
o If there are no fault conditions, Modem Status OK is
displayed.
o If there are faults, they are displayed in a scrollable list.
After 10 seconds of inactivity on the front panel push
buttons, the LCD updates the list with any new faults and
automatically returns to the top of the list.

Fault History Log
The fault log is an historical record of IPSat fault conditions.
Faults in the fault history log are recorded with a date and time
stamp and are saved in volatile memory for subsequent viewing.
The date and time stamp allow you to determine how often a
particular event or fault is occurring and to track the performance
of internal components, monitor system performance, and
diagnose problems.
To view the fault history log on the front panel LCD, select
Faults>FaultLog.
o If there are no fault conditions, Modem FaultLog is Clear
is displayed.
o If there are faults, they are displayed in a scrollable list.
Each fault contains the fault description and a time and
date stamp. The time and date stamp are viewed by
pressing the left or right cursor buttons.

4:Modem Reset Occurred>> <<10:32:01, 11/16/02

Troubleshooting Tips
The troubleshooting tips in the following table were designed to
help you diagnose and correct minor operational problems in the
unlikely event that you experience difficulties with your IPSat
Remote Terminal.

For the problems listed, solutions are provided to help you
troubleshoot IPSat difficulties. If you try all the suggested
solutions and the unit still fails, call Radyne ComStream
Customer Service.

66 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
Trouble Shooting Common IPSat Problems
Problem Possible Causes Solutions

IPSat is not receiving power. Check that power is being supplied to the unit—some
front panel LEDs should be lit.
No main menu at The RS232 cable is not properly Check that the RS232 cable is connected using the serial
terminal connected. cable provided.
Parity and baud rate parameters are Check that the selected parity, 8/none or 7/odd, default
not properly configured. 19200, 8, none, 1 and baud rate match that of the
terminal.

IPSat is set for external timing. Set to internal.
10 MHz Ref is not enabled. Enable 10 MHz Ref in console.
Carrier is not being 24 VDC for BUC not enabled. Select 24 Internal for External from console. External
transmitted requires external power supply.
The Eb/N0 level is too low. Check the cabling to the satellite dish. Check that the
modem is configured properly. Check antenna alignment.
Cables are not connected properly. Check that all cables are connected correctly.
Modulator output is not enabled at Check that the modulator output is enabled at the far end.
the far end.
Modulator and demodulator Check that the modulator and demodulator configuration
parameters are not compatible. parameters are compatible.
IPSat will not acquire Signal-to-noise ratio is not correct. Check that the signal-to-noise ratio is sufficient.
the incoming carrier If operating in QPSK mode, there Use DI command to compensate for this.
may be a spectral inversion problem
introduced in the up conversion or
down conversion process.
Signal is not present on the Rx IF Check the AG parameter to ensure that a signal is present
connector. on the Rx IF connector. A value of 255 indicates no
signal; a value of 80 to 135 indicates a good signal level.
IPSat experiences Rain fades or other loss of signal Make sure that the Eb/N0 level is sufficient.
occasional decoder power will cause decoder faults
synchronization loss, before carrier tracking or bit timing
but no loss of carrier faults.
tracking or bit time
lock.

Maintenance
The IPSat requires no periodic or preventive maintenance and is
designed to deliver years of maintenance-free service. The only task
you need to perform is keeping the air intake grill free of debris,
blockage, or excessive dust to ensure that the IPSat receives adequate
airflow.
If you do clean the IPSat, first remove power from the unit. Then clean
the cabinet, panel, and controls with a soft cloth lightly moistened with
water.

Do not use any type of abrasive pads, scouring powders, liquid cleaners,
aerosol cleaners, or solvents such as alcohol or benzene.

67 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
Appendix A
Technical Specifications
General Specifications
Chassis 2RU rack-mountable in standard 19" rack. Approximately 14"
deep. Removable tabletop feet included
Power 90 to 265 VAC, 47 to 63 Hz
Integrated line filter
Internal supply will source up to 5W BUCs; external power
supply for larger BUCs available
Cooling Forced air; air inlet on side panels, exhaust on rear panel
At least 2 inches free air space on back and sides for air flow
required
Environmental 0 to 50 degrees C ambient, 5 to 95% RH, non-condensing
Vibration as normally encountered in stationary hub facility
Regulatory CE Mark approval pending, others upon request
Monitor & Control Available through the front panel, RS-232 console, TELNET,
or optional Network Management System

Demodulator Specifications
RF Input 50 to 2150 MHz
–20 to –65 dBm carrier power
–10 dBm maximum aggregate power
Symbol Rates 1.0 to 45.0 Msps
Data Rates 1.0 to 72.5 Mbps
Demodulation QPSK
DVB Forward Error Viterbi rate 1/2, 2/3, 3/4, 5/6, and 7/8 inner decoder
Correction DVB-compliant deinterleaver
DVB Reed-Solomon rate 188/204 outer block decoder
DVB synchronous descrambler
Compliant with DVB-S standard, EN 300 421
DVB Mode BER per EN 300 421
Performance
BERT RS-422 electrical
Synchronous clock and data
1/8th aggregate data rate (less RS sync byte)

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Modulator Specifications
RF Output 950 to 1750 MHz
RF Output Power +8 to –35 dBm carrier power adjustable in 0.1 dB steps
RF Step Size 1 kHz
Symbol Rates 19.2 Ksps to 2.048 Msps
Data Rates 9.6 Kbps to 2.048 Mbps
Modulation BPSK or QPSK
FEC Modes Intelsat mapped symbols per IESS 308; 1/2, 3/4, and 7/8 rate
DVB mapped symbols per EN300 421; 1/2, 3/4, and 7/8 rate
Radyne ComStream Sequential 1/2 and 3/4 rate
Scrambler V.35 asynchronous scrambler in Viterbi only
Differential Encoding Included in Viterbi and Sequential
Phase Noise Compatible with IESS 308
Spurious Compatible with IESS 308
BERT RS-422 electrical
Synchronous clock and data
1/8th aggregate data rate (less RS sync byte)

Ethernet Specifications
Ethernet Data Interface 0/100Base-T twisted pair interface per IEEE 802.3u
RJ-45 female connector, pinout per IEEE 802.3u
Ethernet Mode Auto detect
LED Indicators On rear panel: 10/100B Mode, TX Data, Rx Data, collision, and
Link
MPEG Transport Processing 32 PIDs and MPE section filters per EN 301192 and IEC 13818-
1
Aggregate Transport Data 72.5 Mbps maximum
Rate
Filtered Transport Data Rate Up to full channel rate
Ethernet Throughput Rate Greater than 10000 packets / sec
Routing Functions Supports 64 static routes (gateway devices, ARP)

MPEG-2 Video Decoder Output Specifications
Output RCA jack, female
Impedance 75 Ohms
Input Data Format MPEG-2 video stream per IEC 13818-2
Demultiplexing Up to 32 user-defined MPEG PIDs available
Video Decoding MPEG-2 compliant per IEC 13818-2
Analog Video Output Composite video: NTSC (default) or PAL, standard definition

69 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
MPEG-2 Audio Decoder Output Specifications
Output RCA jack, female
Impedance 600 Ohms unbalanced
Audio Decoding MPEG-1 and MPEG-2 compliant
Analog Audio Output Left and right dual mono or joint stereo
Analog Audio Bandwidth 13 KHz ± 1 dB, based on 64 kbps audio data rate per channel
Analog Audio Level 0 dBm +1/-3 dB fixed for a 0 dBm input signal at program
encoder

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Appendix B
Cable Specifications
Overview
This appendix provides installation procedures and defines the required
performance parameters for the following cables and connectors:
o IFL TX and Rx cables
o Y-cable
o Optional Power Detector Cable
o IFL F- and N- connectors

IPSat Cabling

IFL Cables
IFL cables must conform to the specifications provided in this manual to
ensure that ComStream equipment operates properly.
Quad-shielded coax must be used for IFL cables. Without quad shielding,
the system may be subject to outside RF interference, which can degrade
performance.
IFL cables must be properly installed for the system to operate at the
specified performance levels. Radyne ComStream strongly recommends
purchasing the following IPSat IFL cables from the following vendors:
o LMR-400 quad-shielded coaxial cable, Times Microwave
Communications, 800-867-2629
o RG-11 quad-shielded coaxial cable, type 2282, Times Fiber
Communications, 800-677-2288
It is assumed that the TX and Rx IFL cables are the same length. A record
of the length of these cables should be kept for reference. Radyne
ComStream can provide complete IFL Kits including all required
connectors and cables pre-wired...

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IFL F- and N Connectors
ComStream supplies the necessary F- and N-connectors for use with the
IPSat IFL coax cables. These connectors are designed for the
recommended Times Microwave LMR-400 and Times Fiber RG-11
coaxial cable. If another IFL coaxial cable is used, different F and N-
connectors will be required and must be matched to the coaxial cable
selected.
IFL F-Connector
The F-connectors supplied with the IPSat are designed to be used with
the recommended Times Fiber RG-11 coaxial cable. One F-connector
must be installed on both the indoor and outdoor ends of the Rx coaxial
cable. A crimping tool must be used to securely fasten the F-connector
collar. Although this crimping tool is available from different vendors,
ComStream recommends the following vendor for additional F-
connectors or crimping tools:
o CABLE Prep, 203-526-4337
o Crimp tool part number HCT-211
For up-to-date information on vendors, contact your Radyne
ComStream representative.
RG-11 Cable Assembly with F-Connector
To prepare the RG-11 cable and attach an F-connector, follow these
steps.
1. Expose 5/16 inch (7.9 mm) of the center conductor. Ensure
that the center conductor is not scored.
2. Remove 1/4 inch (6.4 mm) of jacket. Ensure that the braid
is not cut. Fold exposed braid back over the cable jacket.

3. Remove first foil. Ensure that the braid is not cut. Fold the
second braid back over the cable jacket.

4. Guide the center conductor into the connector. Push the
connector onto the cable until a reasonable stop is felt.
5. Crimp the connector using the recommended crimping tool
(.475 inch [12.1 mm] hexagon tool.)

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IFL N-Connector
The N-connectors supplied with the IPSat are designed for the
recommended Times Microwave Quad-shielded LMR-400 coaxial
cable. One N-connector must be installed at both the indoor and outdoor
ends of the TX coaxial cable. By using the quad-shielded LMR-400
cable from Times Microwave, cable runs of up to 100 m (328 ft.) can be
used for data rates above 19.2 kbps. For lower data rates, the maximum
cable lengths are shown in the following table.

Data Rate (kbps) Maximum Cable Length (m)
9.6 86
19.2 100
The maximum length assumes a receive Eb/N0 of 5 dB. With higher
Eb/N0 values, maximum cable runs can be increased to a maximum of
100 m. This cable attenuates the received signals by 6 dB per 30.5 m
(100 ft.). For longer cable runs, the receive signal Eb/N0 must be
increased by an amount equal to the increased signal attenuation caused
by the additional cable length. For example, increase the far end
transmit power by 6 dB for each additional 30.5 m of IFL coax cable
length.
Cable Loss
For all data rates, the degradation of system NF due to the IFL coaxial
cable is negligible for cable lengths up to 100 m (328 ft.).
LMR-400 Cable Assembly with N-Connector
To prepare the LMR-400 cable and attach an N-connector, follow these
steps.
1. Flush cut end of cable using a fine saw blade. Cut cable so that
the end remains round and the face of the cable is perpendicular
to its length. Slide on shrink boot, clamp nut, washer, and
gasket.

2. Expose the 0.240 inches of the conductor. Cut through the cable
jacket, braids, and dielectric core. Do not nick the cable
conductor.

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3. Expose 0.500 inches of the outer braid. Do not to nick the
braids when removing the cable jacket.

4. Slide on the ferrule. Ensure that all braids come up through the
ferrule

5. Flare out the braids and fold them back onto the ferrule. Trim
braids to shoulder. Trim core back to 0.030 inches maximum.
Trim the conductor back to 0.230 inches.

6. Install the contact. Solder on the contact using 60/40 solder.
Feed solder through solder hole while heating the contact.

7. Install the connector body onto the cable. Check for proper pin
height. Apply Locktite 242 to the clamp nut threads. Thread the
clamp nut into the connector body. Torque to 50 in-lbs. Check
pin height.

8. Install strain relief boot. Position the boot onto the connector
body. Apply hot air until boot is smoothly seated onto both the
cable and connector. Use only an adhesive lined shrink boot.

74 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
Optional Y-Cable for Power Detector
The Rx/Rx J63 Y-cable is required when an optional power detector or
user data interface is installed in the system.
Y-Cable Wire Data
The following table provides the wire data for the Y-cable:
Y-CABLE WIRE DATA
FROM P1 TO TO P3 FROM P1 TO P2 TO P3
P2
1 31 14 9
2 23 15 11
3 24 16 2
4 26 17 4
5 27 18 17
6 29 19 2
7 7 21 36
8 22 22 7
9 35 23 25
10 13 25 11
11 5 26 33
12 6 20 1 20 12
13 8 24 19 37 12
The following pins should be daisy chained with 22 AWG wire:
Daisy chain P1 pins 20 and 24
Daisy chain P2 pins 1, 19, 20, and 37

Y-Cable Assembly
The Y-cable assembly is shown in the following diagram.

Y-Cable Rx/Rx J63 Assembly

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Y-Cable Preparation
To prepare the Y-cable, follow these steps.
1. For P1, P2, and P3: remove at least .75 inches of outer insulation,
braid, drain wire and foil from the cable end, exposing the wires.
Expose 1.00 inch of braid, drain wire, and foil by removing outer
insulation.

2. For P2 and P3: slide plastic nut over the cable.

3. For P2 and P3: insert metal insert between braid shield and the foil
shield and push back towards insulation.
4. For P2 and P3: braid and foil shield should not extend beyond the
back shell. Fold drain wire back over braid.

5. For P2 and P3: assemble back shell and connector.
6. For P1: install the e-clip between the back shell and connector.

7. For P1: install a 1.00 inch length of shrink sleeving over cable prior
to termination into connectors. Peel foil back over shrink sleeving
prior to installation of outer shell.

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Optional Power Detector Cable
The power detector cable assembly and wire data are shown in the
following diagram.

Wire Data Chart
From To Color
P1 P2
P1-2 P2-A RED
P1-7 P2-B BLUE
P1-11 P2-D BLACK
P1-12 P2-E YELLOW

Optional Power Detector Cable Assembly and Wire Data

Power Detector Cable Preparation
To prepare the Power Detector-cable, follow these steps.
1. For P1 and P2: remove at least .75 inches of outer insulation, braid,
drain wire and foil from the cable end, exposing the wires. Expose
.50 inch of braid, drain wire, and foil by removing outer insulation.
2. For P1: expose .50 inch of braid, drain wire, and foil by removing
outer insulation.

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3. For P1: slide plastic nut over the cable

4. For P1: insert metal insert between braid shield and the foil shield
and push back towards insulation.

5. For P1: braid and foil shield should not extend beyond the back
shell. Fold drain wire back over braid.

6. For P1: assemble back shell and connector.
7. For P1: install the e-clip between the back shell and connector.

8. For P2: expose 1.00 inch of braid, drain wire, and foil by removing
outer insulation.

9. For P2: slide backshell assembly components over the cable.
10. For P2: fold over the braid.
11. For P2: secure the connector to the backshell

12. For P2: insert ground ring between cable and braid shield. Gently
force ground ring towards the backshell until temporarily secured.
13. For P2: trim excess braid around the ground ring.
14. For P2: engage adapter on backshell and tighten securely.
15. For P2: insert grommet into adapter
16. For P2: deposit small amount of silicone sealant between cable and
grommet.
17. For P2: insert follower into adapter
18. For P2: engage strain relief and tighten securely. Tighten strain
relief clamps on the cable jacket.

78 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
Appendix C
Outdoor Unit Recommendations
For TX IFL cable lengths less than those listed in the following table, an
in-line attenuator should be inserted into the cable. ComStream
recommends the use of a ComStream attenuator, part number 17-0107-
101. The attenuator ensures a minimum dynamic range of 15 dB in the
output power.
The minimum cable length should be used as a guide by the system
integrators and installers as an approximation only.
The maximum cable length is 100 meters in all installations.
ComStream strongly recommends the use of Times Microwave LMR-
400 TX IFL cable and Times Fiber RG11 quad-shielded Rx cable. For
information on ordering LMR-400 or RG-11 cable, refer to the appendix
on cable specifications.
The following table provides the recommended Outdoor Unit and
Optional Power Detector for the IPSat System.

Output Frequency ODU Part Minimum Optional
Power Band Number IFL Power
Watt Cable Detector
dBm Length Part
(meters) Number
2 33 Ku 30-0120-510 20 30-0120-512
4 36 Ku 30-0120-560 20 30-0120-512
5 37 C 30-0120-479 45 30-0120-569
8 39 Ku 30-0120-584 20 30-0120-512
10 40 C 30-0120-583 20 30-0120-569

For additional information and updates regarding outdoor units, contact
your Radyne ComStream sales representative.

79 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003
Index
[DVB] Dropped Packets ....................... 61 HDLC .................................................. 56
[DVB] Local Packets ............................ 61 HDLC Transmit Packets ..................... 62
[DVB] Received Packets ...................... 61 HDLC] Transmission Errors ............... 61
[Ethernet] Receive Errors .................... 61 Hub Equipment ................................... 16
[Ethernet] Received Packets ................ 61 IFL cables ............................................. 71
[Ethernet] Transmitted Packets ........... 61 Lamptest.............................................. 43
[HDLC] Transmitted Packets .............. 61 LMR-400 .............................................. 73
10 MHz Reference ............................... 51 MAC Address ...................................... 54
24 Volt Output ..................................... 51 MAC Filtering ..................................... 59
AC power ............................................. 29 MIV ..................................................... 51
Acquisition Offset ................................ 58 Modulator Auto Enable ....................... 51
AE ....................................................... 51 Modulator Status ................................. 61
AGC Level .......................................... 48 Mpeg Packet Errors............................. 61
AGC value ........................................... 61 Mpeg Packet Total ............................... 61
ARP Table ........................................... 60 ODU Power Cntrl ............................... 47
attenuator .............................................. 79 Optional Equipment .............................. 17
Audio PID ............................................ 59 Packet Statistics ................................... 61
cable lengths ......................................... 79 PCR PID .............................................. 59
cabling .................................................. 22 Power Detect ........................................ 56
Chan Err Rate...................................... 48 preventive maintenance.......................... 67
Code Rate............................................ 45 Pure Carrier ........................................ 51
Console ................................................ 59 Receive Offset ...................................... 61
Customer Service .................................. 6 Revision ................................................. 6
Default Gateway .................................. 51 RG-11................................................... 72
Demod Filter Select.............................. 58 ROE..................................................... 56
Demodulator Status ............................. 61 Routed Packet List............................... 60
Descrambling Type .............................. 58 RxIF .................................................... 44
Differential Encoding........................... 56 Specification ........................................ 68
DVB Receive Packets ........................... 62 Static Routes ........................................ 55
Eb/No................................................... 61 status LEDs ........................................... 65
EM....................................................... 51 System Overview ................................ 16
Ethernet ................................................ 29 Telnet Control ..................................... 59
Ethernet Port Status ............................ 60 Telnet Password................................... 60
External Input Power .......................... 28 troubleshooting...................................... 66
fault log ................................................ 66 TX Enable............................................. 40
faults .................................................... 66 TxIF..................................................... 44
Forwarding Table ................................ 60 Video PID ............................................ 59
front panel............................................. 32 Warranty ............................................... 8
front panel LED .................................... 64 warranty repair ........................................ 9
Front Panel Lockout............................ 49 Y-cable ................................................. 75

80 01-0841-401 Rev. C 10/2003