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**Subject and Stream: AP Statistics
**

Date: Monday, September 16, 2013

Holiday or Special Note:

Lesson Objective: Identify and interpret the standard normal distribution.

Time

(Min)

Do Now: Find mean and median of a density curve.

Agenda: What is the teacher doing?

Time

(Min)

What are students doing?

1 Normal Curves and the Normal Distribution

5

Define basic characteristics of the normal

curve

2 3 Drawing normal curves

3 3 Revisit definition

4 68-95-99.7 Rule

10

Applet in lab?

5

5

Define Empirical Rule

6 This is an example from your book if you

want to look back later. (Read off Stats 2.2

PP. First example is of ITBS scores with

distribution of N(6.84, 1.55). We’ll work

together to set up the scale (starting with

6.84 in the middle and

increasing/decreasing by 1.55 3 times: 2.19,

3.74, 5.29, 6.84, 8.39, 9.94, 11.45) and

sketch the curve (tall and somewhat skinny

since st. dev. is small-ish).

Then we’ll find the percent of scores less

than 3.74 (How many st. dev’s from the

mean is 3.74? It is 2 st. dev. below at 95%,

so that leaves 5% above and below 2 st. dev.

So we divide by 2 and we’re left with 2.5% of

scores below 3.74.)

What percent of scores are between 5.29

and 9.94? How many σ’s are they from μ?

From 5.29 to 8.39 is 68% of scores and then

we need half of the distance between 95

and 68%, which is 27/2 = 13.5%. So we add

that back on to our 68% giving us 81.5% of

scores between 5.29 and 9.94.

5

Practice calculations using rule

The next example is of young females’

heights with N(64.5, 2.5). First let’s label the

points 1, 2 and 3σ’s from the μ (57.0, 59.5,

62.0, 64,5, 67.0, 69.5, and 72.0). Then

sketch the curve (somewhat wider/shorter

than last example). (Have students work on

their own or with elbow partner. Ask

someone to share on board.)

What % of them have heights greater than

67 inches? (Students again work on

own/with partner.) (100 – 68)/2 = 16% or

(1 - .68)/ 2 (Have student show work on

board.)

What % of females have heights between 62

and 72 inches? .68 + ((.95-.68)/2) + ((99.7 –

95)/2) = about 84%. (Or, it’s half of 99.7%

plus half of 68%.) (Student shows work on

board.)

Remind them only to use Empirical rule with

Normal distributions.

7 Standard Normal Distribution

2

Use μ and σ to define SNM

Introduce Table A

8 If we want to know what area under the

standard Normal curve of a certain z-score,

we can’t always use the Empirical Rule. So

we use Table A which gives us the

proportion of observations or areas to the

LEFT of certain z-scores. Flip to it in the back

of your book. Say we want to find the

proportion of observations less than 0.81.

Find the z-score of 0.8 along the right and

0.01 on the top. What is the area? .7910.

Does this make sense? Are there any

questions before we go on to another

example?

-Next example: find observations GREATER

than -1.56.

-Make sure they are sketching the curve,

and shading in which part of the area they

are looking for. Put up work bit by bit so

someone doesn’t fall behind.

-Area under curve is 1, so subtract to find to

the right. (Have student put up

work/equation used to solve.)

15

Practice Problems

Calculators

-Next example is finding proportion

between two z-scores: See if two people did

it differently. Have them each put up their

work.

-Last example: working backwards. What is

the z-score for which 93 percent of the

observations are below? (Find the closest

area in Table A to .93, since it’s all

approximate values, anyway.) Does it make

sense?

Subtotal for agenda minutes

48

Time

(Min)

Exit Slip:

Total planned instructional minutes (Do Now, Agenda, Exit Slip)

48

Homework:

Materials:

Accommodations/Modifications:

Reflection (What went well, what could be improved)

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