GREEN BUILDINGS, ORGANIZATIONAL SUCCESS, AND OCCUPANT PRODUCTIVITY (Heerwagen, 2000

)

Ramiro Aznar Ballarin November 2009 University of Reading

GREEN BUILDINGS, ORGANIZATIONAL SUCCESS, AND OCCUPANT PRODUCTIVITY

Ramiro Aznar Ballarin November 2009 University of Reading

INDEX
I. II. III. Introduction Green Buildings and LEED Objectives

IV. Green Buildings and Productivity, Well Being and Strategic Performance V. Examples

VI. Conclusions VII. Bibliography

GREEN BUILDINGS, ORGANIZATIONAL SUCCESS, AND OCCUPANT PRODUCTIVITY

Ramiro Aznar Ballarin November 2009 University of Reading

I. Introduction
Sustanaible Development & Climate Change Mitigation

Landscape Management & Biodiversity Conservation

Urban Sustainability
Green Buildings

GREEN BUILDINGS, ORGANIZATIONAL SUCCESS, AND OCCUPANT PRODUCTIVITY

Ramiro Aznar Ballarin November 2009 University of Reading

IIa. Green Building
Green Building is the practice of creating structures and using process that are environmentally responsible and resource-efficient throughout a building’s lifecycle from siting to design, construction, operation, maintenance, renovation and deconstruction.

GREEN BUILDINGS, ORGANIZATIONAL SUCCESS, AND OCCUPANT PRODUCTIVITY

Ramiro Aznar Ballarin November 2009 University of Reading

IIa. Green Building
+ Comfort + -

Environment -

Health +

James & James, 1999

GREEN BUILDINGS, ORGANIZATIONAL SUCCESS, AND OCCUPANT PRODUCTIVITY

Ramiro Aznar Ballarin November 2009 University of Reading

IIb. LEED
Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design (LEED) is an internationally recognized green building certification system, providing third-party verification that a building or community was designed and built using strategies aimed at improving performance across all the metrics that matter most: energy savings, water efficiency, CO2 emissions reduction, improved indoor environmental quality, and stewardship of resources and sensitivity to their impacts.

GREEN BUILDINGS, ORGANIZATIONAL SUCCESS, AND OCCUPANT PRODUCTIVITY

Ramiro Aznar Ballarin November 2009 University of Reading

II. Objectives

Sustanaible Design

Strategic Performance

Human Resource Development

GREEN BUILDINGS, ORGANIZATIONAL SUCCESS, AND OCCUPANT PRODUCTIVITY

Ramiro Aznar Ballarin November 2009 University of Reading

IVa. Green Buildings and Productivity
• • • Thermal Environment (temperature, humidity level & ventilation) Air quality Lighting

GREEN BUILDINGS, ORGANIZATIONAL SUCCESS, AND OCCUPANT PRODUCTIVITY

Ramiro Aznar Ballarin November 2009 University of Reading

IVa. Green Buildings and Productivity

Seppanen & Fisk 2006

GREEN BUILDINGS, ORGANIZATIONAL SUCCESS, AND OCCUPANT PRODUCTIVITY

Ramiro Aznar Ballarin November 2009 University of Reading

IVa. Green Buildings and Well Being
• • • • Air quality Lighting Windows and views Building acoustics

GREEN BUILDINGS, ORGANIZATIONAL SUCCESS, AND OCCUPANT PRODUCTIVITY

Ramiro Aznar Ballarin November 2009 University of Reading

IVa. Green Buildings and Well Being

Seppanen & Fisk 2006

Lan et al 2009

GREEN BUILDINGS, ORGANIZATIONAL SUCCESS, AND OCCUPANT PRODUCTIVITY

Ramiro Aznar Ballarin November 2009 University of Reading

IVc. Green Buildings and Strategic Performance
• • • • • • • Turnover and Retention Absenteeism Organizational Image Organizatinal Level Productivity Cost Savings Marketing and Sales Costs of Indoor Air Quality Illnesses from a Insurance Perspective

GREEN BUILDINGS, ORGANIZATIONAL SUCCESS, AND OCCUPANT PRODUCTIVITY

Ramiro Aznar Ballarin November 2009 University of Reading

V. Examples
i. Comcast Center (Philadelphia, US) ii. Plaza at PPL Center (Allentown, US) iii. One Crescent Plaza (Philadelphia, US)

GREEN BUILDINGS, ORGANIZATIONAL SUCCESS, AND OCCUPANT PRODUCTIVITY

Ramiro Aznar Ballarin November 2009 University of Reading

i

iii

ii

GREEN BUILDINGS, ORGANIZATIONAL SUCCESS, AND OCCUPANT PRODUCTIVITY

Ramiro Aznar Ballarin November 2009 University of Reading

Va. Conclusions
i. Green Buildings are relevant to business interests across the full spectrum of concerns, from portfolio issues to enhanced quality of individual workspaces.

ii. Research on Green Buildings should address a range of outcomes (workforce attraction and retention, quality of work life, work output, and customer relationship). iii. Green Buildings can provide both cost reduction benefits and value added benefits.

GREEN BUILDINGS, ORGANIZATIONAL SUCCESS, AND OCCUPANT PRODUCTIVITY

Ramiro Aznar Ballarin November 2009 University of Reading

Vb. Conclusions: structure
Green Building Features and Productivity
Thermal and air quality factors Comfort Lighting Etc.

Reference
Leaman (1999), Preller et al (1990), Raw (1998a) Brager & deDear (1998), Wyon (1996), Diamond (1992), Melnechuck (1988) Hedge et al (1995), Veitch & Newsham (1999a) Etc.

GREEN BUILDINGS, ORGANIZATIONAL SUCCESS, AND OCCUPANT PRODUCTIVITY

Ramiro Aznar Ballarin November 2009 University of Reading

Vb. Conclusions: content (I)
The Ecological Niche as a n-dimensional hypervolumen

G.E. Hutchinson Hutchinson, 1957

GREEN BUILDINGS, ORGANIZATIONAL SUCCESS, AND OCCUPANT PRODUCTIVITY

Ramiro Aznar Ballarin November 2009 University of Reading

Vb. Conclusions: content (II)
Independent Variales (xi)
Temperature (x1) Humidity (x2) Ventilation (x3) Comfort (x4) Lighting (x5) Window views (x6) Daylight (x7) Air quality (x8) Acoustics (x9) … Comfort (xn)

Dependent Variales (yi)
Productivity (y1) Well Being (y2) Strategic Performance (y3)

y1 = a + b1x1 + b2x2 + … + bnxn

bi: regression coefficients

Green Buildings

GREEN BUILDINGS, ORGANIZATIONAL SUCCESS, AND OCCUPANT PRODUCTIVITY

Ramiro Aznar Ballarin November 2009 University of Reading

GREEN BUILDINGS, ORGANIZATIONAL SUCCESS, AND OCCUPANT PRODUCTIVITY

Ramiro Aznar Ballarin November 2009 University of Reading

V. References
• Heerwagen, 2000. Green Buildings, Organizational Success, and Occupant Productivity. Building Research and Information 28(5): 353-367. (Scientific article) Hutchinson, G.E. 1957. Concluding Remarks. Cold Spring Harbor Symposia on Quantitative Biology 22 (2): 415–427. James & James, 1999. A GREEN VITRUVIUS. Principles and practice of sustanaible architectural design. ACE, ERG, SAFA & SOFTECH, London. 152 pp. Lan, L., Lian Z., Pan L., & Ye, Q. 2009. Neurobehavioral approach for evaluation of office workers’ productivity: The effects of room temperature. Building and Environment 44: 1578–1588. Seppanen, O. A., & Fisk, W. J. 2006. Some Quantitative Relations between Indoor Environmental Quality and Work Performance or Health. Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory: Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory. Retrieved from: http://escholarship.org/uc/item/80v061jx [01/11/09] Environmental Protection Agency (US): www.epa.gov/greenbuilding/ [01/11/09] US Green Building Council: www.usgbc.org [01/11/09] Philadelphia Business Journal: http://philadelphia.bizjournals.com/philadelphia/ [01/11/09] Denis Du Bois, 2007. The Business Case for Green Office Buildings. Energy Priorities Magazine: http://energypriorities.com/ [01/11/09] (Lay article) • •

• • • •

GREEN BUILDINGS, ORGANIZATIONAL SUCCESS, AND OCCUPANT PRODUCTIVITY

Ramiro Aznar Ballarin November 2009 University of Reading

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