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First of all we will discuss about what is product and what is project? Product: Product is, a company that develop and releases Hardware, Middleware, Operating system, Languages, Tools etc are becomes the product. They develop the products for global clients i.e. there are no specific clients for them. Here the requirements are gathered from market and analyze that with some experts and start to develop the product. After developing the products they try to market it as a solution. Here the end users are more than one. Product development is never ending process and customization is possible. Project: Project is finding solution to a particular problem to a particular client. It depends on the product. By using the products like Hardware, Middleware, Operating system, Languages and Tools only we will develop a project. Here the requirements are gathered from the client and analyze with that client and start to develop the project. Here the end user is one. Project--Placing the order before manufacturing process Product--Placing the order after manufacturing process Difference between Product and Project Here is some important difference between project and products are listed. 1 2 3 4 5 PRODUCTS PROJECTS Here the requirements are gathered Here the requirements are gathered from from market survey. particular client Develop the application for Global clients Products are depends on products End users are more than one Never ending process Develop the application for particular client Projects are depends on products End user is one Once developed it will be finished
New Product development: In business and engineering, New Product Development (NPD) is the term used to describe the complete process of bringing a new product or service to market. There are two ways are there in NPD. 1. Idea generation, Product design and deal engineering.
2. Market research and market analysis. Companies typically see new product development as the first stage in generating and commercializing new products within the overall strategic process of Product Lifecycle Management used to maintain or grow their market share. Product Lifecycle Management (PLM): In traditional manufacturing, companies must address a variety of complex challenges to improve product development. The challenges like managing all data relating to the design, production, support and ultimate disposal of manufactured goods and more. To better race and win successful manufacturing companies are seeking an enterprise solution that solves these product development challenges. For these types of challenges PLM gives a better solution. Product lifecycle management (PLM) is the title commonly applied to a set of application software that enables the New Product Development (NPD) business process. In PLM there are four primary areas, they are 1. 2. 3. 4. Product and Portfolio Management (PPM) Product Design (CAx) Manufacturing Planning (MPM) Product Data Management (PDM)
Product and Portfolio Management is focused on managing resource allocation, tracking progress vs. plan for projects in the new product development projects that are in process (or in a holding status). Portfolio management is a tool that assists management in tracking progress on new products and making trade-off decisions when allocating scarce resources. Product Data Management is focused on capturing and maintaining information on products and/or services through its development and useful life. The product lifecycle management covers at least the following areas 1. Terms and abbreviations used in this field (definition of product, lifecycle, lifecycle phases etc) 2. Product information models and product models 3. Definition of products and product- related information objects (items, structures, product-related documents, definition of product information, etc)
4. Product lifecycle management practices and principles used and applied in the company (how products are managed throughout their lifecycle, identification of information management principles such as versioning principles, information status, etc.) 5. Product management related process 6. Instructions on how to apply the concept in everyday business.
Products are classified into two categories they are 1. Infrastructure Products 2. Business Application Products 1. Infrastructure Products In globe many product based companies are there. The companies like SUN, Microsoft, IBM, Apple, Intel, Cisco and Oracle are the some of product based companies. They are mainly releasing the products. They are mainly concentrating on the infrastructure products. The products like Hardware, Operating System, Middleware, Languages, Tools and API are the some of the infrastructure products. The business application products are mainly depending on the Infrastructure products. The following are the matrix showing the major companies and its product.
Hardware Sun Enterprise, Sun Blade, Sun Fire, Netra, SPARC Enterprise, UltraSPARC T1 / UltraSPARC T2, SPARC, JavaStation (NC), Sun Ray, Sun Modular Datacenter, Sun Grid, Sun SPOT
Tools/ Application Sun Java Studio Creator, Sun Java Studio Enterprise, Sun Studio Software, Office Suite.
JMS, Sun Java System Application Server, Sun Java System Web Server
HttpServer API, AWT, JDBC, javax.swing, javax.imageio, javax.sound, java.sql
Java, Akido, DASL(Distrib uted Application Specification Language)
Java DB, HQL
Key boards, mouse, Webcam, Broadband Networking Wireless Base Station, Wireless Adapters Notebooks, PC’s, Printers, storage Devices, Processors, mainframe computers, Scanners PC’s, Laptops, IPhone, Ipod, Apple Paladin, Modem, Apple TV.
MS-DOS, Microsoft Windows, Singularity, Xenix.
Microsoft Visual Studio, Microsoft Office
MSMQ, ADO.NET, IIS, Windows Server, ISA server,
NetBIOS, DirectX, Win16,win32
QBasic, Visual Basic, VBScript, c#, visual c++, ASP.NET, VB.NET
SQL Server, MS Access,
AIX/AIXL, IBM 4690 Operating System, OS/2, IBSYS, PCDOS, DOS/360
Eclipse, Jikes, Lotus, Rational clearcase
Websphere, MQSeries, HttpServer
SIM API, AIXlink/X.25 API
Notebooks, pcs, Printers, Pocket pc, Scanners, Digital cameras. Processors, Motherboard chipsets, Desktop, Notebooks, Server chassis, Modular Server, Flash memory, Eathernet Controllers, Microcontroll ers,Adaptors, Blade servers, RFID Transreceiver
MAC OS 8, MAC OS 9, MAC OS 10, MAC OS X 10.2(Jaguar), MAC OS X 10.3(Panther), MAC OS X 10.4(Tiger), MAC OS X 10.5(Leopard) HP-UX, HPUX 10x, HPUX 11.0, HPUX 11i, HP Tru64 Unix OS iRMX
No Application servers
Cocoa(for MAC OS X), AppleHelp.h
Assembly Language, FORTRAN, PL/I, PL/S, REXX Scripting Language, RPG (Report Program Generator). Apple Pascal, Applesoft BASIC, cyberdog internet suit
Apple Spec DB
HP Application Server (HP-AS)
Printer Command Language (PCL)
Routers, Switches, Network cables, wireless Lan Controllers
CATOS(Cataly st Operating System), CISCO IOS(Internetw ork Operating System), IOSXR. Servers(Red Hat Enterprice Linux 5 server, Red Hat Enterprice Linux 5 Advanced Platform, for Mainframes, HPC),Desktop (Enterprise Linux 5)
Application Development Framework, Jdeveloper, Oracle Developer Suit(Oracle Forms, Oracle Designer), Oracle SOA Suite, Oracle Media Objects Network Management tools
Oracle Application server
Latest version Oracle 11g
CISCO Unified Application Server
SAP ERP, SAP NetWeaver Apache Directory Studio, Apache Log4j, Apache ODE (Orchestration Director Engine), Apache Axis, apache Open for Business(apac he OFBiz), Apache Struts, Apache Jackrabbit, Apache Beehive, ANT
SAP Web Application Server (Web AS) Apache HTTP Server, Geronimo, Apache Directory Server, Apache Tomcat(applicati on server) Apache POI, Apache Portable Runtime API, Lucence API
ABAP(Advanc ed Business Application Programming)
Apache Software Foundation
The above mentioned are the infrastructure products released by major companies in world. The companies like HP, Intel and Cisco are mainly concentrating on Hardware products. The companies like IBM, SUN, Microsoft are releasing products in all areas. Red Hat is developing only OS. When we look oracle products they are mainly developed the Oracle database and tools. 2. Business Application Products Business Application products are entirely different from Infrastructure. These types of products are mainly depending on the infrastructure. There are many companies are providing this products. These products are domain specific. They are developing the products entirely for Business solutions. They develop the products in the following domains. 1. Finance, Accounts & Insurance 2. Manufacturing & Engineering 3. Pharmaceutical 4. Chemical & Bulk Drugs 5. Information Technology, IT, ITES, BPO, KPO 6. Software & Computers 7. Hospitality 8. Education, Schools, Computer Training - Coaching Institutes & College 9. Health Care, Hospitals, Laboratory, Medical Institutes & Research Centers 10. Food Processing 11. Transportation, Packers & Movers, Automobile In this areas there are different types of companies are giving the products. The major companies providing the solution are 1. 2. 3. 4. SAP Oracle HP IBM
They are providing the business application solution in the following areas 1. Enterprise Applications 2. Business Solutions 3. SAP solutions for small businesses and midsize companies
Enterprise Applications In enterprise applications they are giving the following products • SAP Business Suit o SAP Customer Relationship Management o SAP ERP o SAP Product Lifecycle Management o SAP Supply Chain Management o SAP Supplier Relationship Management Duet SAP Manufacturing SAP Service and Assistant Management SAP xApps Composite Applications o SAP xApps Analytics o SAP xApps For Mobile Business
• • • •
Business Solutions SAP is giving the following types of products • Packages from SAP and Business Objects o Data Integration and Data Quality Management Package o Enterpriser Query, Reporting and Analysis Package o Financial Performance Management Package o Governance, Risk, and Compliance Package o Master Data Services Package o Visualization and Reporting Package SAP Solution for Enterprise Performance Management SAP Solution for Governance, Risk, and Compliance Package SAP Solution for Information Works SAP Solution for RFID Solution Extensions
• • • • •
Solutions for Small Businesses and Midsize Companies They are giving solutions to small business and midsize companies
• • • •
SAP Business All-in-One SAP Business ByDesign SAP Business One BusinessObjects Edge Series
Crystal Reports Server SAP Business All-in-One and BusinessObjects Edge Standard
Oracle is also famous for the Business Application Products. They are giving the products in the following areas. 1. Applications 2. Industries Applications: In Application section the following are the products that Oracle is releasing
• • • • • • • • •
Oracle E-Business Suite PeopleSoft Enterprise Siebel JD Edwards EnterpriseOne JD Edwards World Hyperion Oracle Fusion Application Integration Architecture Oracle On Demand
• • • • • • • •
Banking Communication Financial Services Healthcare High Technology Public Sector Retail Utilities
IBM is both product and project based company. They are producing both the Infrastructure products and the Business application products. We already discussed about the infrastructure products.
Business Application products: IBM is offering lot of business application products they are in the following areas Automotive, Banking, Electronics, Insurance and Retail. Business Solution for Automotive: 1. Automotive customer relationship management (CRM) analytics solutions 2. Mechanical design solutions from IBM In this area they are helping to increase productivity, improve profitability and achieve growth. Business Solution for Banking 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. Core Systems Customer insight Multi-channel Payments Risk and compliance
Business Solution for Electronics 1. 2. 3. 4. Electronics value chain management IBM production solutions Electronics sales and service Product lifecycle management
Business Solution for Insurance 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Life insurance core system Claims Underwriting Insurance CRM strategy Sales & customer service Channel Management Resilience & Security Customer Insight ERM
Business Solution for Retail
1. Transform the store - Transform the customer experience in the store by configuring it to the needs of the shopper, real-time. 2. Enable the workforce - Associates have the self-service access to the tools they need to do their jobs. 3. Focus the supply chain - Delivering the right things to the right place at the right time to meet real-time customer demand. 4. Operate on demand - Leveraging your infrastructure to ensure that new innovations can be deployed in stores quickly.
HP is also one of the leading Business Application Provider. They are providing the solution in the following areas. 1. 2. 3. 4. Large Enterprise Business Solutions Small and Medium Business Solutions Home and Home Office Solutions Government, Health and Education Solutions
Business Application vs. Infrastructure The products are divided into two types, one is business application and another one is infrastructure. The business application products are mainly depends on the infrastructure. Most of the companies are developing the both products. The companies like IBM, HP, Oracle and SAP are developing both the above products. They are mainly using their own infrastructure products for developing the business application products. When we look out oracle they are mainly developing the Business application products like Oracle E-Business Suite, PeopleSoft Enterprise, Siebel, Agile Product Lifecycle Management and Oracle Fusion Applications these are the main business products released by Oracle for Business industries. And the products like Application Development Framework, Jdeveloper, Oracle Developer Suit (Oracle Forms, Oracle Designer) Oracle SOA Suite, and Oracle Media Objects are also developing. The main product of oracle is Oracle Database. Sun Microsystems and Microsoft are mainly concentrating on the infrastructure products. They are mainly releasing the hardware, programming languages, API, Middleware, Operating system and different types of development tools and applications. They are concentrating on this because the need of these things is more then the Business application product development. So the business application products are always depending on the hardware, Operating system, Middleware and tools.
When we look out the world market the industries involved in business application product development is greater than the infrastructure. This is because they are developing the business products in the following areas. 1. Finance, Accounts & Insurance 2. Manufacturing & Engineering 3. Pharmaceutical 4. Chemical & Bulk Drugs 5. Information Technology, IT, ITES, BPO, KPO 6. Software & Computers 7. Hospitality 8. Education, Schools, Computer Training - Coaching Institutes & College 9. Health Care, Hospitals, Laboratory, Medical Institutes & Research Centers 10. Food Processing 11. Transportation, Packers & Movers, Automobile
SAP ERP SAP ERP application product contains the following products 1. 2. 3. 4. SAP ERP Financials SAP ERP Human Capital Management SAP ERP Operations SAP ERP Corporate Services
The solutions for industries Banking
2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 7) 8) 9) 10) 11) 12) 13) 14) 15) 16) 17) 18) 19) 20) 21) 22) 23) 24) 25) 26)
Defense & Security Healthcare Higher Education & Research Insurance Public Sector Aerospace & Defense Automotive Chemicals Consumer Products Engineering Construction & Operations High Tech Industrial Machinery & Components Life Sciences Mill Products Mining Oil & Gas Logistics Service Providers Media Postal Services Professional Services Railways Retail Telecommunications Utilities Wholesale & Distribution
Open Source Products Generically, Open Source refers to a program in which the source code is available to the general public for use and/or modification from its original design free of charge, i.e., opens. Open source code is typically created as a collaborative effort in which programmers improve upon the code and share the changes within the community. Open source develops in the technological community as a response to proprietary software owned by corporations. The free software movement was launched in 1983. In 1998, a group of individuals advocated that the term free software be replaced by open source software (OSS) as an expression which is less ambiguous and more comfortable for the corporate world. Software developers may want to publish their software with an open source license, so that anybody may also develop the same software or understand how it works. Open source software generally allows anybody to make a new version of the software, port it to new operating systems and processor architectures, share it with others or market it. The aim of open source is to let the product be more understandable, modifiable, duplicatable, reliable or simply accessible, while it is still marketable.
The following are the organizations and products that are developing the open source products 1. Apache Software Foundation 2. Blender -- 3d animation 3. Drupal -- Content Management System 4. Eclipse Foundation 5. Free Software Foundation 6. GIMP -- Image Editing similar to photoshop 7. GNU 8. Java 9. JBoss 10. Joomla -- Content Management System 11. KnowledgeTree -- Document Management for Teams and Small to Medium-sized Organizations 12. Linux 13. Macaulay2 -- algebraic geometry and commutative algebra 14. Miranda IM -- multiprotocol IM 15. Mozilla Foundation 16. MySQL 17. NetBSD 18. OpenBSD 19. Open-Xchange 20. OpenOffice.org -- Word processor, spreadsheet, presentation tool, database, equation editor 21. Open Source Development Labs 22. Open Source Initiative 23. PHP -- Hypertext preprocessor 24. Povray -- Ray Tracer 25. Python 26. Restore -- RESTORE is an open source project for heterogeneous system backup and restore. 27. SourceForge -- Repository of open source software 28. Subversion (software) -- version control The following are the Business Application Open source Products. 1. Compiere — ERP solution automates accounting, supply chain, inventory and sales orders. 2. ERP5 — Python and Zope based ERP 3. PayThyme — Payroll software 4. Quasar Accounting
* all rates are as on 1st day of month/year
YEAR 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999 2000 2001 2002 2003 January February March April May June July August October 04 04 04 04 04 04 04 04 04 1 US $ = Rs. 1 GBP = Rs. 7.86 8.66 9.46 10.10 11.37 12.38 12.61 12.96 13.91 16.23 17.01 18.20 26.32 26.32 31.37 31.37 35.18 35.86 39.24 42.47 43.50 46.69 48.34 46.01 45.69 45.34 45.33 43.48 44.45 45.45 46.04 46.41 46.39 45.97 45.47 44.15 18.29 17.56 16.55 16.32 15.19 15.98 18.46 22.22 24.76 26.59 28.04 34.54 46.54 46.30 46.54 49.01 54.59 61.42 64.17 70.50 69.84 69.73 70.37 79.20 81.60 82.37 84.71 80.15 79.06 83.24 83.77 84.48 83.61 83.30 83.62 85.82 1 EURO = Rs.
49.58 43.85 43.98 43.12 50.53 57.48 56.53 56.62 53.49 53.26 55.39 56.15 55.84 56.49 57.17 58.25 59.20
September 04 November 04 December 04
January March April May June July August October
05 05 05 05 05 05 05 05
43.47 43.70 43.75 43.66 43.59 43.75 43.61 43.51 44.13 44.04 45.17 45.99 45.19 44.12 44.40 44.65 44.95 46.38 46.12 46.61 46.61 45.08 44.69 44.12 44.18 44.21 44.11 44.27 43.13 41.18 40.66 40.38 40.88 39.81 39.46 39.64 39.42 39.37
84.20 82.30 83.95 82.15 79.43 79.33 77.10 76.47 79.57 77.69 80.14 79.32 77.90 78.19 77.45 77.77 82.09 87.15 84.70 86.94 88.80 85.62 87.18 86.43 86.72 86.84 86.79 86.87 85.36 82.02 81.7 82.02 82.42 81.51 81.75 81.76 78.72 78.29
58.98 56.96 57.87 56.73 56.13 53.82 52.77 52.76 54.46 52.94 54.54 54.35 53.51 53.44 52.72 54.19 56.79 59.65 58.67 59.49 59.81 57.36 58.89 58.25 57.25 58.38 57.44 58.53 57.64 56.07 55.05 55.34 55.83 56.81 57.00 58.42 57.96 58.48
September 05 November 05 December 05 January 06 February 06 March April May June July August October 06 06 06 06 06 06 06
September 06 November 06 December 06 January 07 February 07 March April May June July 07 07 07 07 07
August 07 September 07 October 07 November 07 December 07 January 08 February 08
2006 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 US Japan China Germany France UK South Korea Italy Brazil Canada Russia India Spain Mexico Indonedia 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15
2025 China US Japan Germany South Korea France India UK Italy Brazil Russia Indonesia Mexico Taiwan Canada
Scott G McNealy Founder/Chairman of the Board/Director at Sun Microsystems, Incorporated Santa Clara, California TECHNOLOGY / DIVERSIFIED COMPUTER SYSTEMS Director since 1982 52 years old Mr. McNealy is a Founder of Sun and has served as Chairman of the Board of Directors since April 2006, as Chairman of the Board of Directors and Chief Executive Officer from April 2004 to April 2006, as Chairman of the Board of Directors, President and Chief Executive Officer from July 2002 to April 2004, as Chairman of the Board of Directors and Chief Executive Officer from April 1999 to June 2002, as Chairman of the Board of Directors, President and Chief Executive Officer from December 1984 to April 1999, as President and Chief Operating Officer from February 1984 to December 1984 and as Vice President of Operations from February 1982 to February 1984.
In his 22 years at the helm, McNealy grew Sun from a Silicon Valley start-up to a leading provider of network computing infrastructure with 37,900 employees worldwide, all while positioning the Company as the model of corporate integrity. In 1986, he took Sun public, creating one of the most notable publicly traded technology companies.
Economy and infrastructure of India Economy and trade
currency: Rupee= 100 paise annual inflation rate: 8% population below poverty line: 35% Gross Domestic Product: USD 340 per capita GNI USD 450 per capita // - [ppp: 2340] GDP growth: 4% Income: USD 330 per capita Import: USD 28655 per capita // - export: USD 26330 per capita Trade: USD 44 per capita // - or 20% of GDP Trade partners: US JP CIS DE GB Human development index: 0,571 // - position of the country in the world no.: 115 Female labour force: 32% Unemployment: 9% Tourism: 2,6 million
Economic activities in agriculture, fisheries, industry, mining, services, energy
Land use: arable land: 57% //; - grass land: 4% //; - wooded area: 22% //; - arid land and desert: ca 10 - 15% Agriculture: labour force: 63% //; - part of agriculture in GDP: 31% Agricultural products: wheat, sugar cane, rice, millet, sorghum, jute, barley, tea, cattle, spices, cashews, cotton, potatoes, oilseed Livestock (million): asses: 1 / camels: 1 / cattle: 219 / buffalo 94 / goats: 123 / pigs: 16,5 / poultry: 402 / sheep: 58 Fish catch: 3316815 - 5380000 metric tonnes Industry: labour force: 11% //; - part of industry in GDP: 27% Industrial products: textiles, chemicals, petroleum products, jute, cement, fertilizers, food processing, steel Mining products: coal, iron ore, lead, zinc, diamonds, oil & natural gas, bauxite, chromite, copper, manganese, mica, titanium CO2 emission per capita: 1,1 Services: labour force: 27% //; - part of services in GDP: 42% Energy use (kg per capita): 482 Electricity use (per capita): 379 Annual water use (per capita): 612
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