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Q.1 (a) Explain the functions of various components of D. C. Generator. 07
Q.2 (a) Explain the internal and external characteristics of D.C. shunt and seri
es
generator.07
Q.1 (a) Explain construction and working of D.C. generator. 07
(b) Discuss the No load and load characteristics of separately excited D.C.
generator.
Q.1 (a) List the essential parts of DC Machine. Explain briefly
construction and function of each part.
Q.2 (a) Classify different type of DC generator. Derive EMF equation of
DC generator.
(b) Describe different parts of a D.C. machine; their material and functions wit
h
the help of a neat diagram
a)Explain construction and working of D.C. generator.
(b)A 4-pole, long-shunt lap wound generator supplies 25 kW at a terminal voltage
of 500 V. The armature resistance is 0.03 O, series field resistance is 0.04 O
and shunt field resistance is
200 O. The brush drop may be taken as 1.0 V. Determine the e.m.f. generated. Als
o calculate the No. of conductors if the speed is 1200 r.p.m. and flux per pole
is 0.02 Weber. Neglect armature reaction
Q.3 (A) Explain the no load and load characteristics of DC Generator. [7]
Q.3 (B) Classify the DC generator and explain construction of it.
(b) A 4- pole D.C. Shunt generator with a shunt generator with a shunt field
resistance of 100 ohm and an armature resistance of 1 ohm has 378 wave
connected conductors in its armature. The flux per pole is 0.2 wb. If a load
resistance of 10 ohm is connected across the armature terminals and the
generator is driven at 1000 r.p.m. Calculate the power absorbed by the load.
(b) A 4-pole, long-shunt lap wound generator supplies 25 kW at a terminal voltag
e
of 500 V. The armature resistance is 0.03 O, series field resistance is 0.04 O
and shunt field resistance is 200 O. The brush drop may be taken as 1.0 V.
Determine the e.m.f. generated. Also calculate the No. of conductors if the
speed is 1200 r.p.m. and flux per pole is 0.02 Weber. Neglect armature
reaction.
(b) A shunt generator delivers 195 A at terminal voltage of 250V. The
armature resistance and shunt field resistance are 0.02O and 50_
respectively. The iron friction losses is equal to 950 W. Find i)
EMF generated ii) Cu Losses iii) Output of prime mover iv)
efficiency
(b) Explain different methods of speed control of D. C .series Motor. 07
(b) Explain necessity of starter for D.C. motor. Discuss three point starter
with appropriate diagram.07
(b) Explain different methods for speed control of D.C. shunt motor. 07
(b) Explain with neat diagram torque speed characteristic of D.C. shunt
motor
(b) Explain Necessity of Starter for DC Motor & Explain three point
starter for DC shunt Motor
(b) State different methods of speed control of DC Shunt Motor.
Explain Ward Leonard method
Q.2 (a) Explain necessity of starter for D.C. motor. Discuss three point starter
with
appropriate diagram.
(b) Explain different methods for speed control of D.C. shunt motor. 07
Q.2(a)Explain different methods for speed control of D.C. shunt motor.
(b)List different type of starters for three phase induction motor. Explain any
one in detail.
(b)Explain necessity of starter for D.C. motor. Discuss three point starter with
appropriate diagram.
Q.3 (A) Explain speed torque characteristics of all types of DC Motors. [7]
Q.3 (B) What are the methods of starting of DC Motor? Explain any one in detail.
[7]
b) A 220 V D.C. shunt motor having armature resistance of 0.25 ohm carries an
armature current of 50 Amp runs at 600 r.p.m. If the flux is reduced by 10%
by field regulator, find the speed assuming load torque remains the same.07
Q.3 (a) Draw and explain the vector diagrams when the single phase transformer i
Q.4 (a) Describe the construction of core and shell type single phase transforme
r.
Derive the e.m.f equation of single phase transformer. 07
Q.2 (a) Explain equivalent circuit of single phase transformer with neat diagram
s. 07
b) Discuss open circuit and short circuit test on a single phase transformer. 07
Q.3 (a) Explain working principle of transformer & Also derive EMF
equation of transformer.
Q.1 (a) Describe the construction of single phase transformer.
Derive the e.m.f equation of single phase transformer.
(b) Discuss open circuit and short circuit test on a single phase transformer. 0
7
Q.4 (A) Explain the construction and working principle of 1-ph Transformer. [7]
Q.4 (B) Classify the transformer with respect to construction. Explain any one i
n detail. [7]
Q.4 (A) Explain OC & SC Test on the 1-ph Transformer. [7]
Q.4 (B) Derive the condition for the maximum efficiency of the Transformer. [7]
(b) The open circuit & short circuit tests on 10 KVA 450/120V 50Hz
transformer gives following results:
OC test: Voc = 120V, Ioc = 4.2 A, Woc = 80W
(supply was on LV side)
SC test: Vsc = 9.65 V, Isc = 22.2 A, Wsc = 120W
(supply was on HV side)
Compute: i) The approximate equivalent circuit constants.
ii) Efficiency & regulation under full load
Condition at 0.8 pf lag.
Q.3 (a) Explain Transformer ON Load. Draw its vector diagram at unity
power factor and at lagging power factor..
(b) A 40 KVA 3300/240 V, 50 Hz, 1-phase transformer has 660 turns
on the primary. Determine i) the number turns of secondary ii) The
approximate values of primary and secondary full load currents.
iii) The maximum value of flux density in core. (Internal drops in
winding are ignored)
Q.4(a)Draw and explain the vector diagrams when the single phase transformer is
(b)The open circuit & short circuit tests on 10 KVA 200/400V, 50Hz transformer g
ives following results:
OC test: Voc = 200V, Ioc = 1.3 A, Woc = 120W
(HV side open)
SC test: Vsc = 22 V, Isc =30 A, Wsc = 200W
(supply was on HV side)
Find parameters of equivalent circuit .
(b) A 10 KVA, 2000/400 V single phase transformer has R1= 5 ohm.X1=12 ohm,
R2= 0.2 ohm and X2= 0.48 ohm. Determine the equivalent impedance of the
transformer referred to (1) primary side (2) secondary side 07
Q.3 (a) A 25 kVA transformer has 500 turns on the primary and 50 turns on the
secondary winding. The primary is connected to 3000 V, 50 Hz supply.
Find the full load primary and secondary currents, the secondary e.m.f.
and the maximum flux in the core. Neglect leakage drops and no-load
primary current.
(b) Derive the equation of torque under starting condition for three phase Induc
tion
Motor.
Q.3 (a) Explain the principle of three phase Induction Motor. Also state the adv
antages and disadvantages of Three phase Induction motor. Explain the constructi
on of Squirrel cage Induction motor
Q.4 (a) State the type of three phase induction motor. Explain how rotor
rotates when three phase induction motor is connected across three
phase supply & Define Slip.
Q.3(a)State the type of three phase induction motor. Explain how rotor rotates w
hen three phase induction motor is connected across three phase supply & Define
Slip.
(b) List different type of starters for three phase induction motor.
Explain any one in detail.
Q.3 (a) Explain working principle of 3 phase induction motor. Also give comparis
on
between squirrel cage and slip ring induction motor.
(b) What is slip of 3 phase induction motor? Discuss its torque slip
characteristics
(b) A 3 phase induction motor is wound for 4 poles and is supplied from a 50 Hz
supply. Calculate the synchronous speed, rotor frequency and also the speed
of the motor when the slip is 3%.
(b) States the types of single phase Induction motor. Explain capacitor start an
d
capacitor run motor. 07
Q.4 (a) State the various types of single phase AC motors. Explain
Capacitor start and induction run type 1 phase induction motor.
Q.3 (a) Why single phase induction motor is not self starting? Explain any one
method to make it self starting.
(b) Explain construction and working Principle of shaded pole motor. 07
Q.5 (A) Explain the Capacitor start capacitor run 1-ph induction motor in detail
.
(a) Explain general principal of Induction motor. Also explain main parts ofthe
Induction motor
Q.2 (B) Derive the equation of torque for the Induction Motor. [7]
Q.2 (B) Enlist various measurement methods for slip and explain any one in detai
l. [7]
Q.3(a)State the various types of single phase AC motors. Explain
Capacitor start and induction run type 1 phase induction motor.
(b)Explain construction and working Principle of shaded pole motor.
(b) Explain the difference between cylindrical and salient pole rotors used in l
arge
alternator . Define (1) pitch factor (2) Distribution factor (3) form factor.
07
4 (a) What is Voltage regulation of Alternator. Explain the synchronous impedanc
e
method of determining regulation of an alternator.07
Q.4 (a) State different methods for finding voltage regulation of alternator. Ex
plain in brief any one of them.
(b) Define Voltage regulation of alternator. State various methods to
find voltage regulation and Explain any one method in detail.
Q.4 (a) State various advantages of stationary armature in an alternator. Also
differentiate between salient pole and cylindrical rotor type synchronous machin
e.
(b) Define voltage regulation of an alternator. Also explain any one method to
find out voltage regulation of an alternator.
Q.5(a)Explain the difference between cylindrical and salient pole rotors
used in large alternator . Define (1) pitch factor (2) Distribution factor (3) f
orm factor.
(b)Define Voltage regulation of alternator. State various methods to find voltag
e regulation and Explain any one method in detail.
Q.5 (a) Explain in brief construction and working principle of universal motor.
07
(b) Explain construction and working of Universal motor. 07
Q.5 (a) Explain construction and working and application of Universal
motor.
Q.4 (a) Explain in brief construction and working principle of universal motor 0
7
Q.4 (a) Explain in brief construction and working principle of universal motor 0
7
(b)Explain construction and working and application of Universal motor.
Q.5 (B) How is Universal motor constructed? [7]
Q.5 (a) Explain in brief construction and working principle of Scharge motor. 07
Q.3 (a) Explain construction and working of Schrage motor. 07
(b) Explain construction and working principle of Schrage Motor
(b) Explain in brief construction and working principle of Scharge motor. 07
(b)Explain in brief construction and working principle of Scharge motor.
b) Explain the operation principle of synchronous motor. Also explain how to get
continuous unidirectional torques.07
(a)Explain the operating principle of synchronous motor. Draw the vector diagram
s when the synchronous motor runs at under excitation and over excitation
(b) Explain the operating principle of synchronous motor. Draw the vector
diagrams when the synchronous motor runs at under excitation and over
excitation.
Q.5 (a) Why synchronous motor is not self starting? Explain its principle
of operation and methods of starting
Q.5 (a) Explain the working principle and construction of synchronous motor. Als
o
explain its applications.
(b) Explain different operating conditions for a synchronous motor. 07
Q.5 (A) Explain the Voltage regulation of synchronous machines. [7]
Q.5 (B) Explain the phasor diagram for the synchronous motor with constant power
and
excitation. [7]
Q.4 (a) State different application and types of Servomotor. 07
(b) Explain double field revolving theory. 07
Q.5 (a) Give the difference between Synchronous motor and Induction motor. 07
(b) Explain construction and working of permanent magnet stepper motor. 07
Q.5 (a) Explain working principle and construction and applications of A.C.serie
s
motor.
(b) Explain comparison between 3 phase induction motor with 3 phase
synchronous motor
Q.4(a)State different application and types of Servomotor.
Explain double field revolving theory.
Q.1 (A) Explain the DC servomotor construction and working. [7]
Q.1 (B) Explain construction and working of VR motor. [7]
Q.2 (A) Explain specifications of stepper motor and its applications in detail.
[7]