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SLOVAKIAN NEWS

SPORTS
Sport is an important social phenomenon and about 46% of people are interested in them
often and regularly (they are watching them in mass media). About 5 10% of people are
not interested in sports at all, but this number is decreasing.
The most atractive sports for masses and mass media are football and ice hockey.
Traditional sports are athletics, tenis, cycling, skiing, basketball, swimming, volleyball,
handball, and also canoeing and horse riding.
Some less common but popular sports are snowboarding, floorball or box. Some sports are
atractive more in media as motor racing and motor bike racing, sumo fights, adrenalin or
risky sports as surfing, paragliding or extreme sports.
Traditional Sports:



0%
20%
40%
60%
80%
100%
120%
1960 1980 2000 2020
Football
Hockey
Hunting
Fishing
13%
25%
33%
52%
5%
30%
56%
73%
3%
13%
31%
38%
3%
10%
14%
22%
1990 2000 2010 2020
New sports
Rafting Snowboarding Wakeboarding Hang Gliding
Future of sports in 2020 on Olympic
In February 2013 the International Olympic Committee (IOC) executives met to discuss the
make-up of the Summer Games from 2020. Wrestling was the sport cut from the list, even
though modern pentathlon was reported to be most in danger. Again there is a selection of
sports bidding for inclusion in the 2020 and 2024 Olympic Games. Wrestling was brought
back into the battle to appear in Tokyo in 2020, along with baseball and softbal climbing,
carate, roller sports, squash and wakeboard.



WOMEN ROLE

What job was only for men and what job women dint do?
In the past, the role of women was to care about household, raise children, care for their
husband. Mens task was to work and earn money. The exclusively mens jobs were, for
example.:miner, wood chopper,, merchanist, officials ... Men had higher status in society than
women.

Nowadays the same jobs carried out by women - differences:
For comparison: The job officer was previously represented only by men. Today, the number
of women in this job greatly increased. But conditions arent the same. Although the status of
men and women in society is equal, there are still some differences. The main are that a
woman earns less than a man because of benefits given to them as mothers. Leadership
positions held by men, have a higher salary more employee benefits and more respect.

Women in leadership positions:
Despite all the conditions women are now in higher possitions as well. For example, take the
leading positions in banks, in marketing, in politics, in schools ... Their salaries are lower than
mens on these places. Many of them are faced with even less respect. Despite all these
obstacles they do not give up and they are able to know carve their interests!

Housewives:
Status of housewives in the past and today doesnt change. As then and now, their work is
raising children, cleaning, cooking, ironing ... But to those duties is now added their ordinary
job.








EDUCATION
Our education is changing every year.
50 years ago, schools were more focused
on hand skills of students, they worked in
workshops, in the school gardens, they fed cows
and ducks. There were over 50 students some
classess, from more grades. They didnt carry
books in backpacks but in their hands wrapped
around with twine. Required school attendance
was 8 years.
The beginning of the 21st century the
required school attendance was 10 years, which means
that after finishing elementary school with 9 grades,
every student had to go to secondary school for at least
one year. There were 30 students maximum in one
class. Students had many options to choose a
secondary school or high school and then university.
Languages were more and more taught and more
students were traveling to study to foreign countries. There were new subjects such as
information Technologies where students were learning to work with PC.
Year 2020 Many people call todays school a digital
school, students work with modern technologies every
day. Every student has their own tablet or notebook and
they comunicate with their teachers through it.
Handcrafts and other useful life skills returned to
schools as a result of research at the beginning of the
century. Mandatory practice, cooperation with
companies and some programs for students trying to
simulate profesions became important parts of
preparation of kids for their future.

In the past, girls did not continue their studies after grammar school. They were
supposed to take care of household and childre. Today they do the same jobs as men so they
have to have the same education.

Education of women today In the past, girls did not continue their studies after
grammar school. They were supposed to take care of household and childre. Today they do
the same jobs as men so they have to have the same education.




Subjects at schools



Jokes:
Our parents always tell us not to take precious things to school. Then why are they sending
us there?





Lucy, tell me two pronouns.
Who? Me?
CULTURE



Koice, with 234 000 citizens, is after the capital the second largest town in Slovakia. It is
situated in the eastern part of the country. The town is located in the valley of the River
Hornd; on the west it is surrounded by the Slovak mountain Slovensk Rudohorie. Koice
is the Eastern Slovakias centre of culture, industry, commerce, administration and science.
Koice is beautiful city with many culture sights. You can find there
Cathedral of St. Elisabeth, Miklus's prison, East Slovak Museum, Singing
fountain, Urban's tower where the Museum of wax figures is, National
Theatrem, St. Michaels Chapel, and many other.
Catedral of St. Elisabeth
- is a Gothic cathedral in Koice. It is Slovakia's biggest church, as well as one of the
easternmost Gothic cathedrals in Europe.

National Theatre
One of the most beautiful monuments of Kosice. National Theatre
is a classic theater with three ensembles drama, opera and ballet.

Lower gate
Remains of Lower
Gate were found
during the
reconstruction in the
twentieth century.
Town remade this
place to an
underground museum. Museum is located under the Main Street. People can see walls of
old town and monuments of St. Elizabeths Cathedral
Singing fountain
Singing fountain is fountain on
Hlavn (Central) Street in Koice. It
is between National Theatre and
Catedral of st. Elizabeth's . Lights
are regulated according how
music plays.
The biggest reconstruction
of our beautiful town Koice was
in early 2000s, when Rudolf
Schuster became a mayor of the city.
In September 2008, the city was awarded the prestigious title of European Capital of
Culture 2013 as the first in Slovakia. Thanks to that, the city also became the centre of
creativity and a new future for young, creative people who wish to live and work in the city,
which is their home.
We invited for an interview a teacher involved in an international project that year.
Interviewer: You worked on Commenius Project and your school hosted visitors from
Hungary, Finland, England, Spain and Germany for few days.
Teacher: Yes, we had a great time.
I: What was the project about?
T: Well, the project was about jobs in the past, present and future. We spoke about trades and
things typical for our region.
I: Where did you go?
T: We were in Technical museum, we heard o lot of facts about mining from profesor Rybr,
we learned about metallurgy, engineering, we were in minig museum, Miklus prison,
Rodoto.
I: What did you show them?
T: We walked along the Main Street, we told them about history of each significant sight like
St. Elizabeth's Cathedral, St. Urban's tower, The State Theatre, Singing fountain. We visited
the stores and workshops in Hrniarska Street, where we could see many trades like potter,
baker, leather maker, smith, carpenter, herbalist, jewerler,... working.
I: Did you get the chance to present some of our culture to your guests?
T: Of course. We took them to Humno - the
ethnografical museum of history, crafts,
folklore, ornaments. In a Centre of free time we
saw a very nice performance of our traditional
folklore and gipsy music and dance, and also
presentation of our pupils program. But I think,
everybody remembers meeting our former
president of Slovak Republic and mayor of
Koice, Rudolf Schuster, who talked about the
history and development of our town. He could
speak almost all the languages of our partners.
I: How would you summarize this international experience?

T: We learnt a lot from each other, but we had fun too. All the kids got a lots of new friends,
got new perspective about life in wider view, learnt a lot about life and work in other
countries. Hope we can prepare new projects for our pupils in future.


INDUSTRY

The mining industry in the Kosice region
In the past, industry in the Kosice region was
developing due to the mining industry. Mainly
that concerned the ore deposit of the Spis
and Gemer region. The mining industry dates
back to the 13
th
century and was focused on
mining and processing iron ore and later it
focused on copper. At the turn of the 16
th
and
17
th
century many ore mines come to end, for
example in Spisska Nova Ves where iron ore
was mined. At the end of the 19
th
century the town Krompachy become the second the most
important industrial enterprise in Slovakia. The traditional mining towns of Kosice region are
Roznava, Spisska Nova Vas and Gelnica.
The mining of magnesite in Kosice
The mining of magnesite in Kosice started in the area of Bankov
in 1901. Conversion of crude into burnt magnesite started in
old magnesite factory in1911. Later it moved into new locality
Tahanovce. But it had a negative effect on environment in the
immediate and distant vicinity. Because of that the factory was closed. In doing so,
employees of factory and mine were sucked. Now the factory is in ruins.
The future of the mining in Kosice region
Still there are a lot of deposits of natural raw materials in Kosice region. On one hand the
mining and processing them would have positive effect on the economic growth of the region
but on the other hand it could cause environmental pollution.
Beekeeping
Beekeeping is the
traditional craft in
Slovakia. But the number
of beekeepers is
decreasing every year
because it is hard work
that involves a lot of time,
patience and specialized knowledge. The importance of
beekeeping widely increases due to positive effects on harvest results.
Wine-growing and viticulture
The first written accounts of the growing of wine grapes dates back to 11
th
century. They
come from Nitra region, later from Tekov and royal towns: Pezinok, Svaty Jur, Modra,...
Today are well-known The
Carpathian wine route that leads
through the towns: Bratislava,
Svaty Jur, Pezinok and Trnava,
and the Tokaj wine route: Mala
Trna, Velka Trna, Slovensk Nov Mesto, Vinicky,
Cerhov, Cernochov and Bara where wine cellars are
carved into volcanic to a depth of 8 16 meters.
Both wine routes have a rich history. The visitors can use roads and cycleway to discover not
only viticulture but cooking specialties and interesting flora and fauna.
Metallurgy in Slovakia
The beginnings of metallurgy on the Slovak territory
reach deeply in the primeval ages.
Entrails of our mountains were rich in minerals of
almost all important metals. The situation has
considerably changed recently. The ore deposits
have already been almost depleted.
Smelterworks production was gradually secured by
imports.
Iron metallurgy in Slovakia
Iron metallurgy development in Slavs started in the 5
th
and 6
th
century in the area of
Carpatian mountain. The first blast furnace was built in 1692 in Lubietova. The increase of
iron production was in 19
th
century in the area of Spis and Gemer. Currently only steelworks
in Kosice and Podbrezova are working. The steel is and will remain a perspective material in
the future but it is questionable if steel production will remain in Slovakia in the future.


ECOMOMY
Development of the Slovak economy and industry started in the past during of Habsburg
monarchy. Slovakia was rich in raw materials. These raw materials were the basis of mining
industry. The mining industry produced gold, silver, coal, iron ore. And the mining industry
started the production in
metallurgy, chemical industry,
engeneering, weaponry industry
etc. World War II brought great
damage in the Slovak economy and
industry. After the World War II was
the lack of vehicles, building
materials, machinery, food, animals and the like. But the Slovak economy and industry was
quickly restored. The new Slovak economy was builded on new types of industries and
started production in transport, agriculture, wood industry, textile industry, glass industry,
banking etc. Slovakia began to plan its economy also with other countries. Slovak economy
implemented new plans and were built new factories and modern industry. Economy of
Slovakia still evolving till today.









CLIMATE
The Slovak climate lies between the temperate and continental climate zones
with relatively warm summers and cold, cloudy and humid winters.
Temperature extremes are in interval between 41 to 40.3 C although
temperatures below 30 C are rare. The weather differs from the
mountainous North to the plain South. But because global warming
are winter dry and cold and summers are extremly hot. That causes
overgrowth of insect that harms crops on fields.







Temperature message
Month Average of the 2009 This month Difference
January 0.1C 2.3C (2014) 2.20C
February 0.6C 4.0C (2014) 3.40C
March 6.6C 9.5C (2014) 2.90C
April 11.8C 12.5C (2014) 0.70C
May 15.7C 15.1C (2014) -0.60C
June 19.5C 18.8C (2013) -0.70C
July 21.7C 22.6C (2013) 0.90C
August 20.9C 21.5C (2013) 0.60C
September 16.1C 14.8C (2013) -1.30C
October 9.8C 11.5C (2013) 1.70C
November 5.8C 6.3C (2013) 0.50C
December 0.2C 2.6C (2013) 2.40C
The temperature average of the 2009: 10.9C
Current yearly temperature: 11.9C
Current year temperature development: 1.10C

Extremes
Officially the lowest measured and reported temperature in Slovakia was - 41C, on
February 11, 1929 in Pstrua, district Detva.
Absolute maximumwas the the highest measured temperature of 40.3 C on July 20, 2007 in
Hurbanovo






Forecast: May 23, 2020 Day: 15/21C Night: 5/8C
Wind: 25 km/hr Humidity: 73%










SONGS
English
Green, green, green are all my
clothes
Green, green, green is all that I have
So I love anything that's green
because my love is a hunter, a hunter.

Blue, blue, blue are all my clothes
Blue, blue, blue is all that I have
So I love anything that's blue
because my love is a sailor, a sailor.

White, white, white are all my clothes
White, white, white is all that I have
So I love anything that's white
because my love is a baker, a baker.

Black, black, black are all my clothes
Black, black, black is all that I have
So I love anything that's black
because my love is a chimney sweep.

Colorful... are all my clothes
Colorful is all that I have
So I love anything that's colorful
because my love is a painter, a
painter.
Suomi
Vihret on vaatteheni kaikki,
kaikki yllni on vihre.
Siksip niin m pidn vihrest,
Kun on ystvni metsmies.

Siniset on vaatteheni kaikki,
kaikki yllni on sinist.
Siksip niin m pidn sinisest,
Kun on ystvni poliisi.

Valkeat on vaatteheni kaikki,
kaikki yllni on valkeaa.
Siksip niin m pidn valkeasta,
kun on ystvni leipuri.

Punaiset on vaatteheni kaikki,
kaikki yllni on punaista.
Siksip niin m pidn punaisesta,
kun on ystvni palomies.

Kirjavat on vaatteheni kaikki,
kaikki yllni on kirjavaa.
Siksip niin m pidn kirjavasta,
kun on ystvni maalari.





Deutsch
Grn, grn, grn sind alle meine Kleider,
Grn, grn, grn ist alles, was ich hab.
Darum lieb ich alles was so grn ist,
Weil mein Schatz ein Jger, Jger ist.

Blau, blau, blau sind alle meine Kleider,
Blau, blau, blau ist alles, was ich hab.
Darum lieb ich alles, was so blau ist,
Weil mein Schatz ein Seemann,
Seemann ist.

Wei, wei, wei sind alle meine
Kleider,
Wei, wei, wei ist alles was ich hab.
Darum lieb ich alles, was so wei ist,
Weil mein Schatz ein Bcker, Bcker ist.

Schwarz, schwarz, schwarz sind alle
meine Kleider,
Schwarz, schwarz, schwarz ist alles ,
was ich hab.
Darum lieb ich alles, was so schwarz ist,
Weil mein Schatz ein Schornsteinfeger
ist.

Bunt, bunt, bunt sind alle meine Kleider,
Bunt, bunt, bunt ist alles, was ich hab.
Darum lieb ich alles, was so bunt ist,
Weil mein Schatz ein Maler, Maler ist.

Magyar
Zld, zld, zld az sszes szp ruhm,
zld, zld, zld minden, amim van.
Szeretek n mindent, mindent, ami zld,
Hiszen az n kedvesem vadsz.

Kk, kk, kk az sszes szp ruhm,
Kk, kk, kk minden, amim van.
Szeretek n mindent, mindent, ami kk,
Hiszen az n kedvesem tengersz.

Fehr, fehr, fehr az sszes szp ruhm,
fehr, fehr, fehr minden, amim van.
Szeretek n mindent, mindent, ami fehr,
Hiszen az n kedvesem pk.

Fekete, fekete, fekete az sszes szp
ruhm,
fekete, fekete, fekete minden, amim van.
Szeretek n mindent, mindent, ami fekete,
Hiszen az n kedvesem kmnysepr.

Sznes, sznes, sznes az sszes szp
ruhm,
Sznes, sznes, sznes minden, amim van.
Szeretek n mindent, mindent, ami sznes,
Hiszen az n kedvesem fest.



Catalan
groc groc groc
es el vestit que porto
groc groc groc
es tot el que jo tinc
perque magrada el groc de la truita
i el meu amic es un cuiner

blau blau blau
es el vestit que portu
blau blau blau
es tot el que jo tinc
perque magrada el blau de les ones
i el meu amic es un mariner

verd verd verd
es el vestit que porto
verd verd verd es tot el que jo tinc
perque magrada el verd de les fulles
i el meu amic es un jardiner

vermell vermell vermell
es el vestit que porto
vermell vermell vermell
es tot el que jo tinc
perque magrada el vermell de la flama
i el meu amic es un bomber















Slovak










Slovak
Zelen s
cel moje aty,
zelen je vetko
o ja mm.
Ja mm tak rd
zelen farbu,
pretoe ja polovnkom som.

Belas s
cel moje aty,
belas je vetko
o ja mm.
Ja mm tak rd
Belas farbu,
pretoe ja nmornkom som.


Bieluk s
cel moje aty,
bielu je vetko
o ja mm.
Ja mm tak rd
bielu farbu,
pretoe ja pekrom som.


ierne, ierne, s
moje aty,
ierne ierne vetko
o ja mm.
Ja mm tak rd
iernu farbu,
pretoe ja kominrom som.


Farebn s
cel moje aty,
farebn je vetko
o ja mm.
Ja mm tak rd
dhov farby,
pretoe ja maliarom som.


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