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Cannes seen from Spot Satellite

Historical population
Year Pop. ±%
1793 2,626 —
1800 2,896 +10.3%
1806 2,804 −3.2%
1821 3,982 +42.0%
1831 3,994 +0.3%
1836 3,997 +0.1%
1841 3,381 −15.4%
1846 4,720 +39.6%
1851 5,557 +17.7%
1856 5,860 +5.5%
started on two towers on the Lérins islands. One took a century to build; the other, three.
Around 1530, Cannes detached from the monks who had controlled the city for hundreds of years and became
During the 18th century, the Spanish and British both tried to gain control of the Lérins Islands, but were chased
away by the French. The islands were later controlled by many, such as Jean-Honoré Alziary, and the Bishop of
Fréjus. The islands had many different purposes; at the end of the 19th century, one was a hospital for soldiers in
the Crimean War.
Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux bought land at
the Croix des Gardes and constructed the villa Eleonore-Louise.
His work to improve living conditions attracted the English
aristocracy, who also built winter residences.
At the end of the 19th century, several railways were completed.
This prompted the arrival of streetcars. In Cannes, projects such
as the Boulevard Carnot, the rue d'Antibes and the Carlton Hotel
on the Promenade de la Croisette were carried out. After the
closure of the Casino des Fleurs (hôtel Gallia), a luxury
establishment was built for the rich winter clientele, the Casino
Municipal next to the pier Albert-Edouard. This casino was
demolished and replaced by the new Palace in 1979.
With the 20th century came new luxury hotels such as the Miramar
and the Martinez. The city was modernised with a sports centre,
street cars, a post office, and schools. There were fewer British and German tourists after the First World War but
more Americans. Winter tourism gave way to summer tourism and the summer casino at the Palm Beach was
The city council had the idea of starting an international film festival shortly before World War II. The first opened
on 20 September 1946, held in the Casino Municipal.
Cannes has a Mediterranean climate (Köppen climate classification:
either Csa or Csb ) and the city enjoys 12 hours of sunshine per day
during summer (May to September), while in winter (December to
February) the weather is mild. Both seasons see a relatively low rainfall
and most rain occurs during October and November, when 110 mm
(4.3 in) falls.
Cannes summers are long and warm, with summer daytime temperatures
regularly hitting 30 °C (86 °F), while average temperatures are about
25 °C (77 °F). Temperatures remain high from June to September, the