1.
2
2.
3.
3.
4.
4.
SOLUTION TO AIEEE2005
MATHEMATICS
If A' A + I " 0, then the inverse of A is
(1)A+I (2)A
{3)AI (4)1A
(4) GivenA
2
A+I"'O
K'A
2
 A' A+ K' I "K
1
0 A
1
on both s1des)
=:.A1 +A_, =OorA_, = 1A.
If the cube roots of unity are 1, w, w' then the roots of the equat1onc;O
(x1)
3
+8=0,are
(1)1,1+2m,12m' (2)1,1,1
(3) 1 , 1 2,,,, 1 2w' (4) 1 , 1 + 2w, 1 + 2w
(3) <0.
{x 1)' + 8 = 0 =:. (x 1) = {2) (1)"'
=>X1=2or2mor2m
2
r!
or n"' 1 or 1 2w or 1 2w'. "J
Let R "'{(3, 3), (6, 6), (9, 9), (12, 12), 12), (3, 6)} be a relation on
the set A"' {3, 6, 9, 12} be a relation on I et " , 6, 9, 12}. The relation is
(1) reflexive and transitive only re exive only
(3) an equivalence relation reflexive and symmetric only
(1)
Reflexive and transitive only.
e.g. {3, 3), (6, 6), (9, 9), eflexive]
(3, 6), (6, 12), (3, 2.,. v[Transitive].
(1)2ab (2)ab
• (4)
(1)
ngle ABCD " (2acas0)
= absin20
(orosH, """"I
'
' '
A(aoosB, bs'"l of greatest rectangle is equal to
•
(
\
\
J
'"'"·
"""")!:
O(aoosB,
"""
,, ,,
5. The differential equation representing the family of curves y' "'2c( x + ..JG), where c
> 0, is a parameter, is of order and degree as fallows:
(1) arder1,degree2 (2)arder1,degree1
5.
{3) order 1, degree 3
(3)
i'=2c(x+..Jc) ... (i)
2yy' = 2c·1 or yy' = c ... (ii)
=> i"' 2yy' (x + .JY1)
On simplifying, we get
{4) order 2, degree 2
[on putting value of c from (ii) in (i)]
(y 2xy•J' = 4yy'' ... (iii)
Hence equation (iii) is of order 1 and degree 3.
·[1,12,4 '']
6. hm ,sec ,+,sec ,+ .... +,sec 1 equals
.  ~ n n n n n
1 1
(1)
2
sec1 (2)
2
cosec1
1
{3) tan! {4)
2
tan1
6. (4)
7
{4) cosA: cosB: cosC
7.
=   ~
8. If in a frequently distribution, the mean and median are 21 and 22 respectively, then
tts mode is approximately
(1) 22.0 (2) 20.5
(3) 25.5 (4) 24.0
8. (4)
Mode + 2Mean = 3 Median
=>Mode"' 3 X 222 X 21= 66 42= 24.
9.
••
10.
10.
11.
11.
Let P be the pomt (1, 0) and Q a pam\ on the locus y' "'8x. The locus of mid point of
PQis
(1)y'4x+2=0
(3)x'+4y+2=0
(1)
P=(1,0)
Q = (h, k) such that k' = Bh
let (q, !)) be the midpoint of PQ
(2J'i+4x+2=0
(4)24y+2=0
u=h+l u,k+O
2' I' 2
2u1 =h 2fl=k.
{2!l)
2
 8 (2n 1) => !!' 4u 2
=>i4x+2=0. 0
If c is the mid of AB and Pis any point outsit!_e AB, G
(1) PA+PB=2PC (2) PA+PB=PC
(3) PA+PB+2PC=O (4) =0
(1)
 ..... _ ··
PB+BC+CP=O
Adding, we get
PA+PB+AC+BC+2CP =0
Since AC = BC
··
&CP=PC
..... _
=:>PA + PB 2PC = 0.
If the coefficients of rth, (r+
y)m are in A.P., then
(1) m' m(4r1) 1· ,,,_
(3) m' m(4r +
(3)
Given me,_,,
2mC =
'
(4r+1)+4r"2=0.
•
terms in the binomial expansion of (1 +
equation
(2) m' m(4r+1) + 4r" + 2 = 0
(4) m' m(4r1) + 4r" + 2 = 0
' " "'''"'''" iPQR,, LR = . If tan ( and tan ( are the roots of
ax"+ bx + c = 0, a"" Othen
(1)a=b+c (2) c=a+b
(3)b=c {4)b=a+c
12. (2)
tan(:). the roots of ax" +bx + c = 0
13.
13.
14.
b
a b a c
=1 => ==> b=ac
a a a
"
c=a+b.
The system of equations
ux+y+z=u1,
x + ay + z =a 1,
x+y+o.z=a1
has no solution, if« is ,L> ._ +
1 1 u
=u(u
2
1)1(u1)+ 1{1
=>(u1)[u
2
+u11
=> (u 1 )[u
2
+ a?lt2 •
[u
2
+ 2u u 2]
{u1)[u{u+2) ) =0
{a1)= +2 a=2, 1; buleto<1
"'''hi<oh tl1e sum of the squares of the roots of the equation
1 = 0 assume tl1e least value is
\o2)•a10
u+P=a2
=(a+1)
+ p" =(a+ 1))
2
 21XP
=a'2a +6= (a1)' + 5
=>a= 1.
(2) 0
(4) 2
15. If roots of the equation x
2
 bx + c = 0 be two consectutive integers, then b
2
 4c
equals
(1)2 (2)3
15.
16.
16.
17.
17.
18.
(3) 2
(4)
Let a, a + 1 be roots
u+u+l=b
u(a+l)=c
:. b•4c={2u+ tf4u(u + 1)= 1.
(4) 1
If the letters of word SACHIN are arranged in all possible ways and these words are
written out as in dictionary, then the word SACHIN appears at serial number
(1) 601 (2) 600
(3) 603 (4) 602
(1)
Alphabetical order is
0
A,C,H,I,N,S
No. of words starting with A 51 G
No. of words starting will1 C 51
No. of words starting with H 51
No. of words starting with 151
No. of words starting with N 51 0 +
SACHIN 1
• 601. G
The value of '"c.+ L: "'··c, is (lj.
(4)
"c,•i'"·c,
=> "C "C +"C J
={"c: + "C, Y:,.c,
3
+ "C,'
("C +"C )0' +"C +"'C
4 ' ' ' '
=>"c. =
, then which one of the following holds for all n ;, 1, by
• • indunction
 (n 1)1
+(n1)1
(2) A"= 2"'A (n 1 )I
(4) A"= 2"'A + (n 1)1
the principle of mathematical induction (1) is true.
19. If the coefficient Of X
1
in [ax' r equals the coefficient Of X
1
In[ ax' r
then a and b satisfy the relation
{1)ab=1 {2)a+b=1
'
{3) b"' 1 (4)ab= 1
19. (4)
20.
20.
21.
21.
22.
l
 ' '] "C,(••')"''(b',J'
T,. 1 in the expansion ax +bx
= "c, (a)"' (b)"' (xt"'_,,_,
=>223r=7 =>r=5
:. coefficient of x'"' "C,(a)" (br' ...... (1)
Again T,. 1 in the expansion [ax b:' r = "C, (ax)"'' ( b:' )'
= "c, a"_, (1)'" {bt (x)'' (x)" _,
Now113r=7 =>3r=18 => r=6
:. coefficient of x' = "Co a' x 1 " {b)'
=> "C, (a)' (b)' = "C.a' x(b) '
=>ab=1. 0
Let f: {1, 1) 4 B, be a function defined by f(x) =tan '
2
x, , oneone
1x "''ir.:1
;,",'(:"ij"'""'"'h•lo1owol <'{o +
:::[H]
Given f(x) = tan'' (
1
::,) for XE{1, 1
clearty range off{x) = ( i·
(2) :It
{4) .::
2
I + lzd => z
1
and z, are collinear and are to the same side of origin;
•
; and lwl = 1, then z lies on
zi
3
(1) an ellipse
(3) a straight line
{3)
(2) a circle
{4) a parabola.
23.
23.
24.
As given w =; => 1 w 1 I z = 1 => dis1ance of z from origin and point
zi lzil
3 3
( 0, ±) is same hence z lies on bisector of the line joining points {0, 0) and {0, 113).
Hence z lies on a straight line.
1+a'x (1+b')x (1+c')x
1+b'x (1+c')x thenf{x)isa lfa
2
+b'+c
2
=2and f(x)=
polynomial of degree
{1) 1
(1+b')x
{2)0 0
{4)2 G
{3) 3
(4)
1+(a'+b'+c'+2)x (1+b')x {1+c')x
1+(a'+b'+c'+2)x 1+b'x {1+c')x +C, + c,
1+(a'+b'+c'+2)x (1+b')x 1+c'x CJ
"': i::::i: ·.·
1 (1+b')x 1+c'x ..._,
0
f(x) = 0
1 (1+b')x
f(x)={x1f
Hence degree = ,..,. ""
The I x =a{ cosO+ 0 s1nO), y =a{ smO 0 cosO) at any pam! '0' IS
_:: + 0 with the xaxis
2
at a constant distance from the oligln
Clealiy dy =tan 0 =>slope of normal= cot 0
,,
Equation of normal at '0' is
y a(sin 00 cos 0) = cotO(x a{cos 0 + 0 sin 0)
=>ysin 0 a sin" 0 +a 0 cos 0 sin 0 = x cos 0 +a cos" 0 +a 0 sin 0 cos 0
=oxcosO+ysinO=a
Clearly this is an equation of straight line which is at a COI'lslant distance 'a' from
origin.
25. A funct1on is matched below aga1nst an mterval where 11 IS supposed to be
increasing. Which of the following pairs is incorrect!y matched?
Interval Function
{1) (oo,co) x'3x"+3x+3
(2) [2, oo) 2x
3
 3x' 12x + 6
{3)(...cc·±] 3x'2x+1
(4) (m, 4] x' + 6x' + 6
25. (3)
Clearly function f{x)"' 3x' 2x + 1 is increasing when
=> XE[1/3,m)
Hence (3) Is Incorrect.
26. Let a and the distinct roots of ax' + bx + c"' 0, then
equal to
•' (1)
•'
26. (1)
27.
28.
2
""
x = 1 and +h)= 5, then f(1) equals
b ,, h
(2) 4
(4) 6
f(1+h)f(1)
lim ; AI; function is differentiable so tt. is continuous as it is given
".. h
f(1+h)
lim 5 andhencef{1)=0
h ,, h
f(1+h)
Hence f(1) =lim 5
h ,, h
Hence (3) is the correct answer.
Let f be differentiable for all x. If f(1) = 2 and f(x) 2 for x E [1, 6] , then
(2)f(6)<6
(3) f(6) < 5 (4) f(6)"' 5
28. (1)
29.
29.
30.
30.
Asf(1)=2 &f(X)?:2 'if X E (1,6)
Applying Lagrange's mean value theorem
5
=>f(6)?:10+f(1)
=>f(6)?:102
=> f(6)?: 8.
3 '
"'X .
8
• •
, y= L>"· z= L;c" where a, b, care in A.P. and [a[< 1, [b[<1, [c[< 1,
31. (4)
o0 o·O
Aritl1metic Progression
1
a= 1
'
1
b = 1
y
(2) A.P.
{4) H.P.
32.
32.
33.
33.
34.
. 1
z=Lc"=
""'
a,b,carainA.P.
2b=a+c
2(1!)"' 1!+ 1!
y ' y
2 1 1
=+
y ' '
=>x,y,zaremH.P
1
c=1
'
triangle ABC, then 2 (r + R) equals G
(1)b+c (2)a+b
(3)a+b+c (4)c+a
(2)
y
_, _, 
COS XCOS 2 "'Q
w• [;?
2
.
=>4i'
cos• ox+ x"o/ 4xy coso.
= 4 sin
2
u.
1 1 1
"'2p,a=2p,b=2p,b
p,, p
2
, p, are in H.P.
2t. 2A 2t. .
,,are m H.P.
' b '
1 1 1 . HP
=>,,are1n .
' b '
=> a, b, care in A.P.
=> sinA, sinB, sinC are in A.P.
(2) A.P.
{4) H.P.
1 j ' 2
35. If I, = J 2'" dx, 1
2
= J 2'' dx, I,= J 2'' dx and 1
4
= J 2'' dx then
35.
36.
36.
37.
37.
38.
38.
0 0 j '
(1)1,>1,
(3) I,"' 1
4
(2)
' ' '
1
1
"'J 2'' dx, 1, = J 2'' dx, 1, = J 2'' dx,
' ' 0
If 0 < x < 1, x
2
> x'
' '
=> J2''dx > J2''dx
0 '
(2) I,> 1
2
(4)1,>1,
The area enclosed between the curve y =log. (x +e) and the coo<:;jt is
(1)1 (2)2
(3)3 (4)4
(1) 0 r> ...
Required area (OAB) = J.ln(x +e):.lx
• [xln(x+e) J'•d•]' = 1.
x+e
0
16
•
3
region bounded by the lines x =
are respectively the areas of these
: s, is
y log x + 1), then the solutton of the equation is
(3)
,,,
=y (logylog X+ 1)
,,
Puty=vx
39.
39.
dy xdv
dx dx
=>
,,
,,,
,,
dv dx
__ ,_
vlogv x
putlogv=z
1
dv =dz
'
dz dx
' '
lnz=lnx+lnc
z =ex
logv=cx
0 +
The line parallel to the xaxis and passmg thrljri ':' rsect1on of the lmes ax +
2by + 3b = 0 and bx 2ay 3a = 0, Were (a, 'M
(1) below the xaxis at a distance of
(2) below the xaxis at a
{3) above the xaxis at a it
{4) above the xaxis a from 11
(1)
ax+ 2by + 3b + 3a) = 0
=>(a+bA.)x+(2 +3b3A.a=O
a+bi..=O A
(bx 2ay 3a) = 0
2a' 3a'
3bax+ Y"'"
b b
l
'"' b +3b+b=O
Y( 2b' : 2a' J = ( 3b' : 3a')
3(a' +b') 3
Y= 
2(b' +a') 2
y = so it is 312 units below xaxis.
40.
40.
41.
41.
A spherical iron ball 10 em 111 radius os coated w1th a layer of ice of uniform thickness
than melts at a rate of 50 cm'lmin. When the thickness of ice is 5 em, then the rate at
which the thickness of ice decreases, is
(1) 
1
cmtmin
"'
(3) 
1
cmtmin
"'
(2)
dv =50
d1
4,.r" dr 50
dt
dr 50
 c';;';c;o where r = 15
dt 4Jt(15)'
1
•.
J
r (logxf) l'dxisequalto
l(t+(logxf
(1) logx +C
(logx)'+1
1+x'
(4)
J (logx1}' x
(h(log•)')'
(2) 
1
cm/min
"'
(4)
,,
put logx = t =: dx = e' dt
•' ' +C"' +C
1+t' 1+(1ogx)'
42. Let f: R 4 R be a differentiable function having f (2) = 6, f {2)
Then
'
1
'
1
41
3
lim J equals
••' • x2
(1) 24
(3) 12
(2) 36
(4) 16
42. (4)
43.
43.
44.
44.
'1•1 '
••'
0
x2
Applying L Hospital rule
f'(x)] =4f(2)
3
f{2)
1
=4x6
3
x =16.
48
Let f {x) be a nonnegative continuous function such that area
curve y = r (x), xaxls and the ordinates x =  and x =
• • l Thoo ,,
4
rP
(11(: +J21) (2) '1
(4)
(4) G
Given that 1 f(x)dx
Differentiating w. r. t .,. V
•
The loCI.ls of a po1nt under the condition that the line y = ax + IS a
tangent to the hyr7':,rb' = 1 is
(1) "/ {2) a circle
(3) {4) a hyperbola
(4) •
x' y'
is
a' b'
y = o.x + is the tangent of hyperbola
"' and a'm' b' p'
 b""'
is a"x" i= b" which is hyperbola.
x+1 y1 z2 r:;
45. If the angle 0 between the line 
1
"'
2
"' 
2
 and the plane 2x y + .,{A. z + 4 =
0 is such that sin 0 = i the value of J... is
3
(2) 3
5
45.
46.
46.
47.
47.
48.
4
(1)
Angle between line and normal to plane is
(4) 4
3
00,(_:: o) =
2

2
+
2
./f. where 0 is angle between line & plane
2 3x.JS+'!..
2..fi. 1
=o; sinO=
J.JS+A 3
5
o=;1..=.
3
The angle between the lines 2x = 3y = z and 6x = y = 4z is
(1)0° (2)90"
{3) 45° (4) 30°
(2)
between the lines 2x = 3y = z & 6x = y = 4z is +
S1nce a
1
a
2
+ b,b
2
+ c
1
c, = 0.
If the plane 2ax 3ay + 4az + 6 = 0 passes point of the line joining
the centres of the spheres
x' + i + z' + 6x By 2z = 13 and
x' +.; + z' 10x + 4y 2z= 6, then aes
(1)1 )
(3)2 2
(3)
Plane
2ax 3ay + 4az + 6 = 0 the mid pomt of the centre of spheres
+'i+z
2
10x+4y2z=8 respectively
centreofspheresare( ,1 ,2,1)
Mid pomt of centre 1s
Satisfymgthis onofplane,weget
2a3a+4a+6'CJ" 2
The 1 the line f=2i2]+3k+A.(1]+4k) and the plane
"
;"'""" the line
3/3
(4)
3
f=2f2]+3k+>..(1]+4k)and the planer (1+5]+k) =Sis
equation of plane is x + Sy + z = 5
:. Distance of line from this plane
= perpendicular distance of point (2, 2, 3) from the plane
210+35 10
i.e. ./1 +5
2
+ 1 3./3 ·
49. For any vectoni , the value of (<i xi)' +(<i x jy + (<i x k)' is equal to
(1)38' (2) ii'
(3)2S' (4) 4ii'
49. (3)
50.
so.
Let ii=xi+y]+zk
ii.xi=z]yk
=>(iixl)'=y'+z'
similarly (iix])' =x'+z'
and (iixk)'=x'+Y'=>{iixf)'=y'+z'
similarly ( ii )( 1)' = x' + z' r
and(iixk)'=x'+y'
=>(iixi)' +{iix])' +(iixk)' =2(x'+f'+z") =2ii'. +
If nonzero numbers a, b, care in H.P., then the
' b '
passes through a fixed po1nt. That point IS
(1){1,2)
(3)
a,b,careinH.P.
211 flj => =0
b ' '
' b '
r>.r
1 2 1 "'
always
51. trWngle is (1, 1) and the midpoints of two sides through this vertex
. !?:), then the centroid of the triangle is
(4) ( 1' :')
3 3
(1, 1) and midpoint of sides
is(1,2)and{3,2)
Band C come out to be
(3, 3) and {5, 3)
"d. 13+5
:. centro1 1s
3
,
=>(1,713)
1+3+3
3
52.
52.
53.
53.
54.
54.
If the circles 2 + i + 2ax + cy + a = 0 and "¥! + i 3ax + dy 1 "' 0 intersect in two
distinct points P and Q then the line Sx +by a"' 0 passes through P and Q for
(1) exactly one value of a {2) no value of a
(3) infinitely many values of a {4) exactly two values of a
(2)
S, = x' + i + 2ax + cy +a" 0
S
2
=x'+Y'3ax+dy1 =0
Equation of radical axis of 8
1
and s,
s,s,,o
=o; Sax+ (cd)y+a + 1 "0
Given that Sx + by a " 0 passes through P and Q
a cd a+1
=0> =o
1 b a
o=;a+1=a
2
a'+a+I=O
No real value of a.
A circle touches the xaxis and also touches the circle (0, 3) and radius
2. The locus of the centre of the circle is
(1) an ellipse {2) a •
(3) a hyperbola (4) a p bol
(4) qj
Equation of circle with centre (0, 3) and ·
x'+(y3)
2
"4.
Let locus of the variable circle is {a, p
·:It touches xa:ds.
:. It equation {xu)'+ {y Pl' "
Circles touch externally
:. J«'+(P 3)' =2+P
«'+(p3}'=p'+
«'"' 10(p 112)
:. Locus is "¥!
_t'l'l
and cuts the circle"¥!+ y' = p' orthogonally,
,,
=0 (2)2ax+2by(a
2
b
2
+p
2
)=0
=0 (4)2ax+2by(a
2
+b
2
+p
2
)"0
p' orthogonally
X 0 + 2(PJ X 0"' C, p
2
" p'
Let equation of circle is"¥!+ y' 2«X 2py + p
2
= 0
It pass through (a, b) => a
2
+ b' 2«a 2pb + p
2
" 0
Locus :. 2ax + 2by (a"+ b
2
+ p')" 0.
55. An ellipse has OB as semi minor axis, F and F' its focii and the angle FBF' is a right
angle. Then the eccentricity of the ellipse is
(1)
1
(2)..!.
.J2 2
55.
56.
56.
57.
3 ) ~
4
(1)
·: LFBF' "'90"
:. (.Ja'e' + b' )' + ( ./a'e' + b' )' = (2ae)"
=o; 2(a
2
e' + b
2
)"' 4a'e'
=o; e
2
"' b
2
/a
2
Alsoe'= 1b
2
/a
2
= 1e'
Vector al+a]+ck,
'
'
'
1 0 1 "' 0
'
'
b
:.a,b,c are in G.P.
(4) _1
,f3
(2) no value of A
B(O, b)
{4) exactly two values of).
57.
0 ,,
0
value of Jc.
00
only y {2) only x
both x andy {4) neither x nor y
58. (4)
.ii= 1 k, 6= xi+ j +(1x)k and C= yl +X]+(1+xy)k.
[•'+•!'·')
59.
59.
60.
60.
61.
61.
j k
iixC=x 1 l ~ x =1(1+xxx')]{x+x'xyy+xy)+k{x'y)
y x 1+xy
a.(bxC)= 1
which does not depend on x and y.
"lwo'"'"" such thatP(A_u_BJ=i· P(ArtB)=± andP{A)=±·
stands for complement of event A. Then events A and Bare
~ ~ ~ ~ ; :'::and mutually exclusive
~ i I but not independent
{3) independent but not equally likely
{4) mutually exclusive and independen:
(3)
P(AuB)=i· P(A n B)=± and P(A)=±
=> P(A u B)= 516 P(A) = 314
Also P(A u B)= P(A) + P(B) P(A r. B)
=> P(B)= 516314 + 1/4= 1/3
P(A)P{B)=314113=1/4 =P(ArtB)
Hence A and 8 are independent but net equally likely.
62. A lizard, at an initial distance of 21 C"ll behind an insect, moves from rest with an
acceleration of 2 cmfs' and pursues the insect which is crawling uniformly along a
straight line at a speed of 20 cmfs. Then the lizard will catch the insect after
(1)20s (2)1s
(3)21s (4)24s
62. (3)
63.
63.
64.
64.
65.
!2t'= 21 + 20t
2
=>t=21.
eliminated and m we get
(f f)n"' !wm'.
2
A and B are two like ~ ? ' ~ ' ' ' ' ' " ' " ' ~
B and is contained
through a distance
2H
(1)
A8
(
3
) 2(AH+B)
(2)
(A+B)=d=H
H
•
(2)
moment H lies in the plane of A and
A and B after combining is displaced
H
A•8
H
(4)
A8
R of two forces acting on a particle is at right angles to one of them and
is one third of the other force. The ratio of larger force to smaller one is
(2) 3 : .J2
'"3Fcos0
F:3Fsin0
=> F'"' 2../2 F
F:F'::3:2../2.
(4) 3:2../2
,.
66.
...
67.
67.
66.
66.
69.
The sum of the series 1+'_,_,_,_,_+ ........ ad inf. is
4.2! 16.4! 64.6!
{
1
) e1
.r.
(J) e1
,.,.
(4)
putting x = 1/2 we get
' cos' x
The value of J dx, a> 0, is
., 1+a'
(1) an:
(3)
•
=o; (a+ b)""' + b
2
+ ab)
=o; 3a
2
+ 3b
2
+ 2ab"' 0.
(
2
) B+1
.r.
(
4
) B+1
,.,.
•
70. Let x
1
, x
2
, ••• ,x, ben such that l;x,' andl;x, Then a
70.
possible value of n among the following is
{1) 15
{3) 9
(2)
L:· r
{2) 16
(4) 12
71. A particle is projected from a point 0 with velocity u at an angle of
When it is moving in a direction at right to its
velocity then is given by
3 2
{3) 2u (4)
3
71. (4)
72.
73.
u cos 60" v cos 30"
4
v"' .J3.
•
{2) {6, "')
{4) [4, 5]
'•··· 'Min G.P., then lhe determinant
loga"''
loga.,, loga.,, is equal to
loga •. , loga •.•
c,,c,c,
two rows becomes identical
Answer: 0.
{2) 0
{4) 2
74. A real valued function f{x) satisfies the functional equation f(x y)"' f(x) f(y) f(a x)
f(a + y) where a is a given constant and f(O)"' 1, f{2a x) is equal to
{1) f(x) (2) f(x)
{3) f(a) + f(a x) (4) f(x)
74. (1)
f(a {x a))= f{a) f(x a) f(O) f(x)
=f(x) [·: x=O, y=O, f(O)=f'(O)f'(a) => f'(a)=O => f(a)=OJ.