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1 John 1

Background
 ‘General’ or _____________ epistle – no addressee; to Christians in general
 Written 85-95 AD; after John’s Gospel (50-85 AD)
 Purpose:
1. combat Gnosticism: shun the material world and embrace the _____________ world
2. counter Docetism: Jesus only seemed to be human, human form was an _____________
3. confirm salvation
4. defend John’s Gospel
1:1 Defending John’s Gospel
 Parallels to John 1:1-4
o “In the beginning” – Jesus is ______________ with God
o logos “Word” – that which orders the universe, synonymous with Jesus
o life – the gift of God
 Parallels also to Genesis 1
o “In the beginning” – God the Father was not ____________
o logos “Word” – God spoke the universe into ordered being
o life – is created (particularly emphasized in relation to man in Gen. 2:7)
 John was a witness to this eternal being in Jesus, through sight, sound and touch
o contra Docetism
1:2 Defining “life”
 An aside between vss. 1 and 3
 Jesus is also ‘life’
o With the Father in the beginning
o Observed by John
o Testified to now
 phaneroo “manifested” is a frequently used word for John
1:3 Why is this so important to John?
 That all may join in fellowship (koinonia, communion) with John in the body of Christ
 Fellowship is not only in Christ, but also with Christ (and the Father)
1:4 Our joy is “filled up” when others join our __________________ ; do you experience that?
1:5 Another defense of John’s gospel
 Cf. John 1:4-13
o Jesus is the light and He came into darkness
o Darkness does not understand the light by itself
o We must be born of God (_______________), not from human decision (___________)
 Jesus and John the Baptist were born in supernatural conditions
 Nicodemus asks about being “born again”
 Cf. Gen 1:3-5
o On the first day, God separated ___________ and _________________
1:6-7 Countering gnostic belief that we could separate our physical and spiritual parts
 “If we have special ‘knowledge’ or ___________________ , our physical actions don’t matter”
 John
o if you walk in the way of the world, you are acting in spiritual death
o if you live as Jesus
 we have koinonia (fellowship)
 we have purification (katharizo)from all sin through his blood
o this is a salvation issue
 you can’t be saved without being _________________
1:8-9 Countering gnostic idea that we can separate ourselves from our spiritual ancestry
 “We are not spiritually affected by Adam’s sin”
 John
o If you don’t recognize your original sin, you are still dead
 Gnostics believed they could gain enlightenment through their own ‘works’
o If you do, Jesus _____________ all
 As promised (i.e., you can rely on his promises)
 In his justice (it’s not unfair that he saves only those who believe)
1:10 Countering gnostic belief that we don’t really sin if we are “spiritual”
 “If I’m saved, I can’t sin”
 John
o Yes you can, and you do!
o Again, it’s a salvation issue
 Also, Gnostics discounted the Law as the way to God and replaced with ‘enlightenment’
John balances __________ with _______________
 The law has been fulfilled by Jesus
o V. 9 God’s justice can’t be fulfilled unless Jesus died to fulfill the Law
 But, we must live in God’s ways…
o The law was a guide before we had the ___________
o Now, we must live according to the ____________
o And, we must acknowledge our sins as we seek to walk in the light