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Bibliography

"The City:Karachi," Britannica School,Encyclopedia Brittanica s.v accessed May 8,2014,
http://school.eb.com/levels/high/magazine/article/73794960
- The city of Karachi has seen many different ethnic groups come and go but
regardless they were still able to increase their population drastically. This encyclopedia
entry also explains how the city was built with new modern buildings and the remnants of
old British buildings. This general source gave me important information about Karachi’s
past and present immigrants and the types of buildings that create the image of the city.

CNN History. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014.
http://www.cnn.com/2012/11/10/world/asia/pakistan-malala-one-month/.
This picture shows an image of pakistinian people practicing the religion of islam. This
specific website is important because it helps give the readers an idea of how these
people practice there beliefs.

Demotix. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014.
http://www.demotix.com/news/2573981/afghan-refugees-protest-against-harassment-
karachi-police/all-media.
This picture shows an image of Afghan refugees protesting against Karachi's police. This
specific website is important because it shows how the different groups of migrants cause
issues and differences among the population of Karachi.

DHA Today. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014. http://dhatoday.com/masjid-e-tooba-
all-you-need-to-know/.
This picture shows an image of Masjid-e-Tooba which is a mosque in Karachi. This
specific website is important because it a very popular tourist location and is a location
for which Karachi is known for.

The Express Tribune Blog. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014.
http://blogs.tribune.com.pk/story/6389/in-pursuit-of-greener-passports/.
This picture shows an image of Pakistan's passport. This specific website is important
because this is how people can come into Pakistan and also travel out of it without being
illegal.

Flickr. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014.
https://www.flickr.com/photos/jaffery/4570115905/.
This picture shows an image of Karachi's Municipal Corporation building. This is
important because it shows readers one of Karachi's most important buildings and a
frequently visited tourist location.

Historical Maps of Karachi. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014.
http://arifhasan.org/maps/historical-maps-of-karachi.

"Karachi," Britannica School, Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. accessed May 7,
2014,http://school.eb.com/levels/high/article/106464.
Karachi is a city that is reliant on their port and all the trading that comes with it. This
encyclopedia entry also talks about the location of the harbor and how there are natural
features that protect it. This general source is important because it gives me a summary
on all the important aspects that a mega city like Karachi has or lacks in.

Karachi. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014.
http://ckarachi.blogspot.com/2010/09/top-14-residential-areas-of-karachi.html.
This picture shows an image of one of Karachi's top ten residential areas. This specific
website is important because it shows the difference between the slums in Karachi and
where middle to upper class people live.

Karachi Metropolitan. "KMC." Karachi Metropolitan Corporation. Last modified 2011.
Accessed May 8, 2014. http://www.kmc.gos.pk.
Karachi is split up into 5 districts that represent the people’s different living styles. This
website explains how South and West Karachi is where the wealthy people and the
downtown is and how the other three districts are for the working and middle class. This
specific source is important because it focuses on how each part of the city is assigned for
housing, entertainment or business.

Karachi Metropolitan Corporation. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014.
http://www.kmc.gos.pk/Contents.aspx?id=94.

Karachi Port Trust. Last modified 2011. Accessed May 8, 2014. http://kpt.gov.pk.

Kingsbury, Robert C. "Karachi." Encyclopedia Americana. Grolier Online
http://ea.grolier.com/article?id=0228160-00 (accessed May 12, 2014).
Karachi’s port is the center for trading and its national airport is there connection to the
rest of the world. This encyclopedia entry also talks about the different tourist attractions
and the layout of the city. This general source is important because it gives you an idea of
how the city has grown over the years and how the boundaries have moved.

Mitula Houses. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014. http://homes.mitula.pk/master-
houses-karachi.

Navy Housing Scheme. http://karachi.saintclassified.pk/navy-housing-scheme-karsaz-karachi-
ad-76151.

The News International. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014.
http://photos.thenews.com.pk/e_image_detail.asp?picId=52957&catId=2&date=7/18/201
2&dd=1&albumId=0.
This picture shows an image of date tree. This specific website is important because it
shows people what this tree looks like and represents one of Karachi's main natural
resources.

News Teria. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014. http://newsteria.com/karachi-
cheapest-export-processing-zone-world/.
This picture shows an image of Karachi's port focusing on the types of machinery and
cargo at the port. This specific website is important because it gives people an idea of
what a port looks like if they have never seen one before.

The News Tribe. Last modified 2011-2013. Accessed May 29, 2014.
http://www.thenewstribe.com/2012/08/07/ned-ku-students-make-146-feet-long-pakistani-
flag/.
This picture shows an image of Pakistans flag. This specific website is important because
it shows people what Pakistan's flag is and it is also a symbol for there country.

One World. "Satellite View of Karach." Nations Online. Last modified 1998-2014. Accessed
May 8, 2014. http://www.nationsonline.org/oneworld/map/google_map_Karachi.htm.
Karachi use to be the capital of Pakistan but nevertheless it is still the heart of the
country. This website and map also demonstrates where the main roads and
transportation is in the city. This specific source is important because it gives me an idea
of how developed Karachi is and how looks similar and different to other mega cities.

"Pakistan." CultureGrams Online Edition. ProQuest, 2014. Web. 8 May
2014,http://online.culturegrams.com/world/citations.php?cit_type=text&cit_title=Pakistan
Karachi’s history is full of conflicts and the fight for independence. This encyclopedia
entry also talks about present government is trying to have peace talks with the Taliban.
This specific source gives me an understanding of why the conflicts that are occurring in
Karachi are happening.

Phoebettmh Travel. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014.
http://phoebettmh.blogspot.com/2012/02/pakistan-karachi-city-of-bright-lights.html.
This picture shows a view of the city during the night which pays tribute to Karachi's
nickname The City of Bright Lights. This specific resource is important because it
demonstrates how Karachi is a developed and modern city.

Port Strategy. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014.
http://www.portstrategy.com/news101/world/asia/karachi.
This picture shows an image of Karachi's port. This specific website is important because
it shows the movement of the port and what surrounds this trading center.

Qureshi, Salman, Jü Breuste, and C. Y. Jim. 2013. Differential community and the perception of
urban green spaces and their contents in the megacity of karachi, pakistan. Urban
Ecosystems 16, (4) (12): 853-870,
http://search.proquest.com/docview/1461632593?accountid=9793 (accessed May 8,
2014).

reidyhistory. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014.
http://reidyhistory.wikispaces.com/Karachi,+Pakistan.
This picture shows an image of Karachi's slums and how not every person living in the
city can live a wealthy life. This specific website is important because it helps show the
different aspects of the city regardless if it is a negative image or not.

Retsinas, Nicolas P. 2007. Mega-cities, mega-problems. Los Angeles Times, Feb 28, 2007.
http://search.proquest.com/docview/422154915?accountid=9793 (accessed May 7, 2014).
Mega Cities come with their pros and cons. This newspaper article talks about how
negatives like a sickness can lead to a positive because of the need to improve or find a
way to resolve the problem. This specific source is very important because it gives me a
general view of how most mega cities like Karachi go through development and poverty.

Sayeed, Khalid Bin. "Karachi." The New Book of Knowledge. Grolier Online
http://nbk.grolier.com/ncpage?tn=/encyc/article.html&id=a2015990-
h&type=0ta (accessed May 12, 2014).
Karachi is the center of everything from industrial to the development of ideas. This
encyclopedia source also tells me what kind of materials Karachi’s industries produces.
This general source is important because it gives me a whole idea of what the core for
this mega city is.

Shahid Husain, " Quaid-e-Azam House Museum suffers due to water shortage", The News
International, 14 May 2009.http://www.thenews.com.pk

Skyscraper City. Last modified 2000-2014. Accessed May 29, 2014.
http://www.skyscrapercity.com/showthread.php?t=254726&page=5.
This picture shows a historic Karachi downtown before it became the massive mega-city
we know today. This specific website is important because it lets me show the difference
between how the city use to be and how it has transformed and developed.

Ulack, Richard. "Karachi." Grolier Multimedia Encyclopedia. Grolier Online
http://gme.grolier.com/article?assetid=0157580-0 (accessed May 12, 2014).
Karachi was captured by the British and then annexed to the Indians. This encyclopedia
entry also talks about how it then becomes independent and has become the great mega
city we know now as Karachi. This general source is important because it shows how the
city has grown and the reason for that growth.

Wallpapers Galaxy. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014.
http://www.wallpapersgalaxy.com/mosque-in-karachi-pakistan-wallpaper/.
This picture shows an image of a mosque in Karachi. This specific website is important
because it shows what mosques look like in Karachi and also prove that it is the biggest
religion in the city.

Weinbaum, Marvin G. "Karachi." Encyclopedia of India. Ed. Stanley Wolpert. Vol. 3. Detroit:
Charles Scribner's Sons, 2006. 4. World History in Context. Web. 7 May
Karachi has many immigrants coming in from different places near the country. This
encyclopedia entry explains how the opening of the borders and refuges has accounted
for a large portion of Karachi’s population. This general source is important because it
also explains why conflicts arise because of the different ethnic groups coming into the
city.

Wikimedia Commons. "Adnam Asim's Karachi City. 3 Talwar." Wikipedia. Last modified 2014.
Accessed May 29, 2014.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Adnan_Asim%27s_Karachi_City._3_Talwar_(_Swords
_)_Clifton,_Karachi.jpg.

———. "Composition of Karachi's Economy." Wikipedia. Last modified 2014. Accessed May
29, 2014.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Composition_of_Karachi%27s_Economy.png.

———. "Karachi Beach." Wikipedia. Last modified 2007. Accessed May 29, 2014.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Karachi_beach,_2007.jpg.

———. "Karachi Cantt Train Railway Station." Wikipedia. Last modified 2014. Accessed May
29, 2014. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Karachi_Cantt_Train_Railway_Station.jpg.

———. "Karachi Population." Wikipedia. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Karachi_population.svg.

———. "Karachi Port and Harbour Aerial." Wikipedia. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29,
2014. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Karachi_port_and_harbour_aerial.jpg.

———. "Karachi Skyline." Wikipedia. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Karachiskyline.jpg.

———. "Karachi-Terminal." Wikipedia. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Karachi-Terminal-00138.JPG.

———. "Karachi Transportation Network." Wikipedia. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29,
2014. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Karachi_Transport_Network.png.

———. "Location map Pakistan Sindh." Wikipedia. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29,
2014. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Location_map_Pakistan_Sindh.png.

———. "Logo of Karachi Metropolitan Corporation." Wikipedia. Last modified 2014. Accessed
May 29, 2014.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Logo_of_Karachi_Metropolitan_Corporation.png.

———. "Malir Bridge." Wikipedia. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Malir_bridge.jpg.

———. "Mangroves port Qasim." Wikipedia. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mangroves_port_Qasim.jpg.

———. "Mazar-eQuaid Karachi." Wikipedia. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Mazar_-eQuaid_Karachi_.jpeg.

———. "MCB2." Wikipedia. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:MCB2.jpg.

———. "National Museum." Wikipedia. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Khi_National_Museum.jpg.

———. "Port Grand Karachi." Wikipedia. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Port_Grand,_Karachi.JPG.

———. "Skyline of Karachi." Wikipedia. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Skyline_of_Karachi.jpg.

———. "St.Patricks Cathedral." Wikipedia. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014.
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Karachi_St._Patricks_Cathedral-2.jpg.

Wikipedia. Last modified 2014. Accessed May 29, 2014. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Karachi.
This image shows the different districts in Karachi and how they are split up. This
specific website it is important because it gives a visual image of how each region in
Karachi is split up into a business district or wealthy housing district and why.