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Oracle Corporation is a U.S.

based multinational computer technology corporation

headquartered in Redwood City, California, United States. The company specializ
es in developing and marketing computer hardware systems and enterprise software
products particularly its own brands of database management systems. Oracle is
the second-largest software maker by revenue, after Microsoft.[3]
The company also builds tools for database development and systems of middle-tie
r software, enterprise resource planning (ERP) software, customer relationship m
anagement (CRM) software and supply chain management (SCM) software.
Larry Ellison, a co-founder of Oracle, has served as Oracle's CEO throughout its
history. He also served as the Chairman of the Board until his replacement by J
effrey O. Henley in 2004. On August 22, 2008, the Associated Press ranked Elliso
n as the top-paid chief executive in the world.[4][5]
Contents [hide]
1 History
1.1 Overall timeline
1.2 Technology timeline
1.3 Manageability claim
2 Products and services
2.1 Software
2.1.1 Databases
2.1.2 Middleware
2.1.3 Applications
2.1.4 Enterprise management
2.1.5 Development software
2.1.6 Operating systems
2.2 Hardware
2.3 Services
3 Marketing
3.1 Sales practices
3.2 Competition
3.2.1 Oracle and SAP
3.3 Slogans
3.4 Media
4 Controversies
4.1 Trashgate
4.2 "Can't break it, can't break in"
4.3 Relationship with John Ashcroft
4.4 Expeditionary Combat Support System
4.5 Cover Oregon Healthcare Exchange
5 Events
5.1 Acquisition of Sun Microsystems
5.2 Justice Department lawsuit
5.3 Acquisition of Phase Forward
5.4 Lawsuit against Google
5.5 Discontinuation of OpenSolaris
5.6 Discontinuation of OpenSSO
5.7 Mark Hurd replaces Phillips as President
5.8 issue
5.9 HP & Oracle lawsuit
5.10 Foreign corrupt practices
5.11 Oracle banned from bidding for US General Services Administration business
6 People
7 Offices
8 Sponsorships
9 See also
10 References
11 External links
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Ellison took inspiration[6] from the 1970 paper written by Edgar F. Codd on rela
tional database management systems (RDBMS) named "A Relational Model of Data for
Large Shared Data Banks."[7]
He heard about the IBM System R database from an article in the IBM Research Jou
rnal provided by Ed Oates (a future co-founder of Oracle). System R also derived
from Codd's theories, and Ellison wanted to make Oracle's product compatible wi
th System R, but IBM stopped this by keeping the error codes for their DBMS secr
et. Ellison co-founded Oracle Corporation in 1977 with Bob Miner and Ed Oates un
der the name Software Development Laboratories (SDL). In 1979 SDL changed its na
me to Relational Software, Inc. (RSI).[8] In 1982, RSI renamed itself Oracle Sys
tems Corporation [9] to align itself more closely with its flagship product Orac
le Database. At this stage Bob Miner served as the company's senior programmer.
In 1995, Oracle Systems Corporation changed its name to Oracle Corporation.[10]
The company is officially named Oracle, but sometimes referred to as Oracle Corp
oration, which is in fact the name of the holding company.[11]
Part of Oracle Corporation's early success arose from using the C programming la
nguage to implement its products. This eased porting to different operating syst
ems (most of which support C).
Overall timeline[edit]
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an help by converting this section to prose, if appropriate. Editing help is ava
ilable. (May 2014)
Oracle Linux - A free Linux distribution supported by Oracle since 2006.
June 16, 1977: Software Development Laboratories (SDL) is incorporated in Santa
Clara, California[1] by Larry Ellison, Bob Miner and Ed Oates.
1978: Oracle Version 1, written in assembly language, runs on PDP-11 under RSX-1
1, in 128K of memory. Implementation separates Oracle code from user code. Oracl
e V1 is never officially released.[12] The name Oracle comes from the code name
of a CIA project which the founders had all worked on while at the Ampex Corpora
June 1979: SDL is renamed to Relational Software Inc. (RSI)[8] and relocated to
Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, California. Oracle 2, the first version of the Oracl
e database software, as purchased by Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, runs on PD
P-11 hardware. The company decides to name the first version of its flagship pro
duct "version 2" rather than "version 1" because it believes customers might hes
itate to buy the initial release of its product.[citation needed]
October 1979: RSI actively promotes Oracle on the VAX platform (the software run
s on the VAX in PDP-11 emulator mode).
1981: Umang Gupta joins RSI, where he writes the first business plan for the com
pany and serves as Vice President and General Manager.
February 1981: RSI begins developing tools for the Oracle Database, including th
e Interactive Application Facility (IAF), a predecessor to Oracle*Forms.
1982: RSI renames itself Oracle Systems Corporation in order to align itself mor
e closely with its primary product.
March 1983: Oracle Database is rewritten in C for portability and Oracle version
3 is released.
April 1984: Oracle receives additional funding from Sequoia Capital.
October 1984: Oracle version 4 is released, introducing read consistency.
November 1984: Oracle database software is ported to the PC platform. The MS-DOS
version (4.1.4) of Oracle runs in only 512K of memory. (Oracle for MSDOS versio
n 5, released in 1986, runs in Protected Mode on 286 machines using a technique
invented by Mike Roberts, among the first products to do so.)
April 1985: Oracle version 5 is released one of the first RDBMSs to operate in c
lient-server mode.
1986: Oracle version 5.1 is released with support for distributed queries. Inves
tigations into clustering begin.
March 12, 1986: Oracle goes public with a revenue of $55 million.
August 1987: Oracle founds its Applications division, building business-manageme
nt software closely integrated with its database software. Oracle acquires TCI f
or its project management software.
1988: Oracle version 6 is released with support for row-level locking and hot ba
ckups. The