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sssssssssssssssssssssssssssthe second-largest software maker by revenue, after M

icrosoft.[3]
The company alsdssssssssssssssssssssss as the top-paid chief executive in the wo
rld.[4][5]
Contents [hide]
1 History
1.1 Overall timeline
1.2 Technology timeline
1.3 Manageability claim
2 Products and services
2.1 Software
2.1.1 Databases
2.1.2 Middleware
2.1.3 Applications
2.1.4 Enterprise management
2.1.5 Development software
2.1.6 Operating systems
2.2 Hardware
2.3 Services
3 Marketing
3.1 Sales practices
3.2 Competition
3.2.1 Oracle and SAP
3.3 Slogans
3.4 Media
4 Controversies
4.1 Trashgate
4.2 "Can't break it, can't break in"
4.3 Relationship with John Ashcroft
4.4 Expeditionary Combat Support System
4.5 Cover Oregon Healthcare Exchange
5 Events
5.1 Acquisition of Sun Microsystems
5.2 Justice Department lawsuit
5.3 Acquisition of Phase Forward
5.4 Lawsuit against Google
5.5 Discontinuation of OpenSolaris
5.6 Discontinuation of OpenSSO
5.7 Mark Hurd replaces Phillips as President
5.8 OpenOffice.org issue
5.9 HP & Oracle lawsuit
5.10 Foreign corrupt practices
5.11 Oracle banned from bidding for US General Services Administration business
6 People
7 Offices
8 Sponsorships
9 See also
10 References
11 External links
History[edit]
This section is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. You c
an help by converting this section to prose, if appropriate. Editing help is ava
ilable. (May 2014)
Ellison took inspiration[6] from the 1970 paper written by Edgar F. Codd on rela
tional database management systems (RDBMS) named "A Relational Model of Data for
Large Shared Data Banks."[7]
He heard about the IBM System R database from an article in the IBM Research Jou
rnal provided by Ed Oates (a future co-founder of Oracle). System R also derived
from Codd's theories, and Ellison wanted to make Oracle's product compatible wi
th System R, but IBM stopped this by keeping the error codes for their DBMS secr
et. Ellison co-founded Oracle Corporation in 1977 with Bob Miner and Ed Oates un
der the name Software Development Laboratories (SDL). In 1979 SDL changed its na
me to Relational Software, Inc. (RSI).[8] In 1982, RSI renamed itself Oracle Sys
tems Corporation [9] to align itself more closely with its flagship product Orac
le Database. At this stage Bob Miner served as the company's senior programmer.
In 1995, Oracle Systems Corporation changed its name to Oracle Corporation.[10]
The company is officially named Oracle, but sometimes referred to as Oracle Corp
oration, which is in fact the name of the holding company.[11]
Part of Oracle Corporation's early success arose from using the C programming la
nguage to implement its products. This eased porting to different operating syst
ems (most of which support C).
Overall timeline[edit]
This section is in a list format that may be better presented using prose. You c
an help by converting this section to prose, if appropriate. Editing help is ava
ilable. (May 2014)
Oracle Linux - A free Linux distribution supported by Oracle since 2006.
1970s
June 16, 1977: Software Development Laboratories (SDL) is incorporated in Santa
Clara, California[1] by Larry Ellison, Bob Miner and Ed Oates.
1978: Oracle Version 1, written in assembly language, runs on PDP-11 under RSX-1
1, in 128K of memory. Implementation separates Oracle code from user code. Oracl
e V1 is never officially released.[12] The name Oracle comes from the code name
of a CIA project which the founders had all worked on while at the Ampex Corpora
tion.
June 1979: SDL is renamed to Relational Software Inc. (RSI)[8] and relocated to
Sand Hill Road, Menlo Park, California. Oracle 2, the first version of the Oracl
e database software, as purchased by Wright-Patterson Air Force Base, runs on PD
P-11 hardware. The company decides to name the first version of its flagship pro
duct "version 2" rather than "version 1" because it believes customers might hes
itate to buy the initial release of its product.[citation needed]
October 1979: RSI actively promotes Oracle on the VAX platform (the software run
s on the VAX in PDP-11 emulator mode).
1980s
1981: Umang Gupta joins RSI, where he writes the first business plan for the com
pany and serves as Vice President and General Manager.
February 1981: RSI begins developing tools for the Oracle Database, including th
e Interactive S version 5, released in 1986, runs in Protected Mode on 286 machi
nes using a technique invented by Mike Roberts, among the first products to do s
o.)
April 1985: Oracle version 5 is released one of the first RDBMSs to operate in c
lient-server mode.
1986: Oracle version 5.1 is released with support for distributed queries. Inves
tigations into clustering begin.
March 12, 1986: Oracle goes public with a revenue of $55 million.
August 1987: Oracle founds its Applications division, building business-manageme
nt software closely integrated with its ssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssssdataba
se software. Oracle acquires TCI for its project management software.
1988: Oracle version 6 is released with support for row-level locking and hot ba
ckups. The