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SP’s

09
AN SP GUIDE PUBLICATION

SpecialSupplement
We are at Hall C, Booth 14 to Aero India 2009

Unmanned
Flying Objects
...and all the buzz on GenNext aircraft, systems & technology

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21st century maritime security.

The P-8I provides India with the most advanced


maritime patrol solution. With its high-bypass
turbo fan jet engine, fully connected mission
system and next-generation sensors, the P-8I
delivers unmatched mission effectiveness
and range. The Boeing-led team is committed
to working with Indian industry for a value-
added, long-term partnership.
Contents

THE FUTURE IS HERE: COVER PHOTOGRAPH: THE UPCOMING UCAV


F-22, the Fifth Generation fighter in flight PROGRAMME NEURON BY DASSAULT, FRANCE

Contents 2009

2 Word from the 20 Military PUBLISHER AND EDITOR-IN-CHIEF


Jayant Baranwal
Owned, published and printed by
Jayant Baranwal, printed at Pragati
Editor GenNext Fighters ASSISTANT EDITOR
Offset and published at A-133, Arjun
Nagar (Opposite Defence Colony),
New Delhi 110 003, India. All rights
Arundhati Das
The Fifth Generation fighters. reserved. No part of this publication
4 Technology SENIOR SUB EDITOR may be reproduced, stored in a retrieval
system, or transmitted in any form or by
Unmanned Wings 23 Exclusive Interview Priya Tyagi any means, photocopying, recording,
electronic, or otherwise without prior
SUB EDITOR written permission of the Publishers.
Most UAV manufacturers are Deputy Chief of Air Staff Air Bipasha Roy
© SP Guide Publications, 2009
developing payloads and Marshal N.A.K. Browne talks CONTRIBUTORS TO SP’S
Air Marshal (Retd) B.K. Pandey FOR ADVERTISING DETAILS CONTACT:
synergetic support systems. at length about the Indian Air Marshal (Retd) V.K. Verma guidepub@vsnl.com
shikha@spguidepublications.com
Air Force’s rapid strides at Air Marshal (Retd) V.K. Bhatia r.ranjan@spguidepublications.com
12 Transport Aircraft modernisation.
Group Capt. (Retd) Joseph Noronha
Lt General (Retd) Naresh Chand SP GUIDE PUBLICATIONS PVT LTD
A-133 Arjun Nagar (Opposite
Lt General (Retd) V.K. Kapoor
In Need of Facelift Defence Colony),
COMPANY NEWS Rear Admiral (Retd) S.K. Ramsay New Delhi 110 003, India.
EUROPE Alan Peaford, Phil Nasskau,
Just three new designs Rob Coppinger
Tel: +91 (11) 24644693, 24644763,
26 TAAL WEST INDIES Anil R. Pustam
24620130
launched in the last two Fax: +91 (11) 24647093
Email: guidepub@vsnl.com
decades. 28 Boeing IDS ASSOCIATE ART DIRECTOR
Ratan Sonal POSTAL ADDRESS
Post Box No 2525
16 Business Aviation 29 CAE GRAPHIC DESIGNERS
New Delhi 110 005, India.
Vimlesh Kumar Yadav
Emerging from Shadows 30 EADS Raj Kumar Sharma REPRESENTATIVE OFFICE
BANGALORE, INDIA
CHAIRMAN & MANAGING DIRECTOR 534, Jal Vayu Vihar
Hedonistic toys of the rich or Kammanhalli Main Road
31 Eurofighter Typhoon Jayant Baranwal
Bangalore 560043, India.
useful accoutrements? Time Tel: +91 (80) 23682534
ADMIN & COORDINATION
to sieve fact from fallacy. 33 In Brief Bharti Sharma www.spguidepublications.com

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Word from the Editor

Seven and surging, Aero India this year echoes the optimism that has spelt hope for a belea-
guered world grappling with the overwhelming implications of an economic slump. Impervious to con-
vulsions gripping the capital markets, the upsurge in defence spending continues unabated—with India
leading from the front. Be it the massive $10 billion (Rs 50,000 crore) deal for Medium Multi-Role Combat
Aircraft for the Indian Air Force (IAF) or the huge inventory of helicopters the armed forces are looking to
pick from the foreign defence market at a cost running into some staggering figures, lure of the lucre and
the rich bargains to be struck have charged the atmosphere like never before.
With a track record of six successful air shows, Aero India is now acknowledged as the fourth largest
air show in the world bringing together players in the global aerospace industry, big and small, to show-
case their products and capabilities and to explore new opportunities for collaboration. More importantly,
the exposition would provide a unique platform for the Indian aerospace industry, both in the public and
private sector, for networking and integration with the global aerospace industry.
February 11 to 15 holds promise of scripting the most spectacular pacts and packaged deals for the
Indian defence establishment. Cynosure of defence manufacturers across the globe, India plays host
to around 550 companies from 50 different countries who are showcasing their products and services.
At the forefront are companies from Germany and France with 31 each. Following close on their heels
are UK (26), Russia (24), the US (22), Italy (19), Belgium (17), Israel (11) and Australia (10). Over 100 air-
craft—military and civil, as also Unmanned Aerial Vehicles—are expected to take part in flying and static
display. One would get to see the latest in the regime of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAV), especially the
miniature versions from Israel.
The team at SP’s heartily congratulates the event organisers—the Ministry of Defence and the Con-
federation of Indian Industry—for their immense effort to make this airshow a resounding success.
Let the show begin!

Jayant Baranwal
Publisher & Editor-in-Chief

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Delivering integrated
surveillance capability
Technology

STEALTHY:
The X-47B Unmanned Combat Air System

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Technology

Unmanned Wings
Most UAV manufacturers are developing payloads and synergetic
support systems also to be used for non-military applications like
counter-terror operations, disaster management, border and urban
surveillance, and crop diagnosis
By Air Marshal (Retd) B.N. Gokhale

I heard some one say the other day “.......last of of unmanned aircraft hinged on the confluence of
the fighter pilots may already have been born.” It three critical technologies. There was a need to

See us at Aero India 2009, Bangalore, Hall C, Booth 14


wasn’t music to my ears, especially having been incorporate automatic stabilisation, remote con-
a fighter pilot all through my career and even after trol and autonomous navigation. Elmer Sperry of
hanging my overall recently, I read with great inter- USA was the first person to attempt an unmanned
est the progress of the Medium Multi Role Combat aircraft design to address all the three issues on a
Aircraft (MMRCA) programme of the Indian Air Force single platform. The efforts resulted in the inven-
(IAF), as well as the futuristic Indo-Russian Fifth tion of an Aerial Torpedo. Soon after this event, ef-
Generation Fighter Aircraft (FGFA) programme. But forts were being made both in the US and the UK
this operator of Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV) was to design radio controlled recoverable aerial targets
very emphatic about what he had said and began which were successfully flown in September 1924.
enumerating a number of futuristic applications on Target drones were introduced in 1930 as a spin-
the anvil in this field. These sound interesting. off from these early efforts. Prior to World War II, a
Having celebrated the century of manned avia- large number were being flown regularly in both the
tion just six years ago, it seems somewhat strange countries to train their anti-aircraft gunners. Inter-
that in just a decade from now i.e. on March 6, estingly, some of these were assembled by one 19
2018, we will celebrate the 100th anniversary of year old Norma Jean Dougherty, an employee, who
unmanned aviation. As per the broad definition, later became a successful Hollywood star popu-
unmanned aviation encompasses a wide range larly known as Marilyn Monroe!
of airborne platforms, starting originally from an In the later years, unmanned aviation pro-
‘aerial torpedo’ or the forerunner of today’s cruise gressed rather slowly, with USAF using such ma-
missile and Precision Guided Munition (PGM), to chines mainly as reconnaissance drones in the
the futuristic astral-planes being developed to fly in Vietnam War. Although research work on miniaturi-
the atmospheres of other galaxies. Other applica- sation, incorporating inertial navigation and GPS as
tions from this ‘family tree’ include the recoverable well as data link continued, it was the Israeli De-
aero models, target drones, decoys, reconnais- fence Forces that were the first to exploit the capa-
sance as well as armed platforms; which are col- bility of these platforms. In the Yom Kippur war of
lectively known as Unmanned Aerial Vehicle (UAV). 1973 with Syrian intention of recapturing the Golan
This term is already changing to Unmanned Aircraft Heights, Israel used their UAVs to gain critical in-
Systems (UAS), with increasing number of ‘dull and formation on the advancing armour, which helped
dangerous’ missions; presently flown by combat them to set up an ambush and achieve a decisive
pilots both, fixed and rotary wing, being taken over victory despite Syrian numerical superiority. How-
by such robotic flying machines. ever, the world came to know about the potential
In addition to the flight itself, the development of the UAV only after the 1982 Bekaa Valley opera-

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tions, where Israeli Defence Forces used them as force multipli- ent types of UAVs, Rustam Medium-Altitude Long Endurance
ers in varied roles such as reconnaissance, spoof missions and (MALE), Pawan optimised for short-range and Gagan, a tactical
Electronic Warfare (EW). UAV. An agreement for foreign collaboration to assist in these
IAF planners saw a great potential in these platforms and programmes was signed in Aero India 2005.
inducted UAVs in the year 2000. Searcher II and Heron UAVs The various roles for which UAVs are being utilised by the
have distinguished themselves over the past few years by deliv- IAF are collation of intelligence including reconnaissance and
ering electro optical/infrared (EO/IR), EW and now Synthetic Ap- surveillance of the designated area, UAV assisted fighter/heli-
erture Radar (SAR) intelligence, without exposing pilots to risk. copter strike (UAFS/UAHS) as well as laser designation of tar-
Within a short span of their induction, the IAF has been able to gets. In addition, these can be used for Battle Damage Assess-
exploit ground and airborne relays to extend operating ranges ment (BDA) and for real time inputs during BAS/BAI missions
to strike aircraft. Use of SAR and IR gives
this platform near all weather 24x7 capabili-
ties. UAVs are also used for gathering ELINT
and using the inputs along with COMINT to
evade and intercept enemy fighters and he-
licopters. Other role being considered is a
weapon platform like the American Preda-
tor, paving way to future use of UCAV. Ad-
ditionally long endurance of UAV enables
availability for extended periods, a distinct
advantage over manned aircraft if engaged
in similar roles.
Most of the UAV manufacturers are de-
veloping payloads and synergetic support
systems also to be used for non-military
applications including counter terrorism op-
erations, disaster management, border and
urban surveillance, ground and sea traffic
monitoring, crop diagnosis, ground mapping
to name a few. With micro and nanotechnol-
ogies developing rapidly their applications in
both military and civil UAVs are also being
worked upon.
The unmanned systems acquired by the
IAF have been continuously upgraded. Add-
ons such as Automatic Take Off and Land-
ing (ATOL) systems, satellite communication
data links, better radio relays and advanced
payloads are also being contemplated. It is a
and also use them in different terrains includ- PARAFOIL LANDING:
very versatile platform, a force multiplier and
ing the Himalayan heights. The preparations The I-View by IAI hence it needs to be accorded the necessary
during Operation Parakram have given the impetus for attaining an integrated opera-
IAF the expertise in reducing the ‘sensor tional status.
to shooter’ cycle. On the other hand, deployment in different Unmanned Systems, as expected are technology intensive
parts of the country has enabled the IAF to acquire additional and therefore their exploitation also poses a number of chal-
infrastructure, which will help in exploiting the UAVs in differ- lenges. With the anticipated expansion of the UAV fleet, these
ent roles including disaster management and internal security. will need to be addressed holistically. Some of these are Human
Apart from the IAF, the Indian Army and the Indian Navy have Resource Management, Inter Operability with other Platforms,
also bought similar platforms enabling commonality in training, Standardisation of Unmanned Systems, Communications, Net-
sharing of infrastructure and maintenance. DRDO meanwhile work Centric Operations and Air Traffic Management to name a
has also embarked on indigenous programmes for three differ- few. These are amplified below.

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AIDING WAR ON TERROR:


High Endurance and Long-range
UAV Global Hawk by Northrop

A PIONEER:
IAI’s Heron

Is the UAV truly unmanned? In fact, there is a full team of promoting CRM for co-ordinated actions during emergencies.
operators and maintenance crew on the ground required to Next is the issue of Inter Operability of UAV with other plat-
operate the UAV. The Operation Crew which is responsible forms including strike aircraft and helicopters. The ability of
for the conduct of the mission generally consists of a Mission this system to exchange data with a number of other systems
Commander (MC) double banking also as an Internal Pilot (IP), has been proved beyond doubt. This aspect of interoperabil-
an External Pilot (EP) and an Observer (OB) who also works as ity has been demonstrated recently in all operations of UAV in
the Special Load Operator and Imagery Interpreter. The tech- Operation Enduring Freedom, conflict in Lebanon and in the
nical team is headed by a Technical Officer/System Engineer Afghan war. The IAF too is capable of streaming live videos for
who not only ensures maintenance of UAV and systems but all C4I2 users along with provision of ESM data. Successful
also doubles up as a Data Acquisition System (DAS) operator trials reveal that ESM and SAR imagery can be very usefully
for health monitoring of UAV and systems. The UAVs are not integrated. Due to its wide coverage, long endurance and con-
only technology intensive but have marginal error tolerance es- tinued presence in the AOR, use of UAV can be exploited with
pecially in critical conditions of flight like take-off and landing, synergy of effort. Multiple payloads can facilitate this vehicle to
evading enemy interception and during emergencies such as locate and designate hostile emitters, with live video stream-
loss of link . The fleet therefore requires highly skilled and mo- ing for any Commander to decide and shape the battle. The
tivated manpower. By design, this platform is ideally suited for present usage of this platform is a stepping stone for more
long duration sorties, correspondingly crew requirement also complex and interwoven air campaigns in which the UAV will
multiplies. With probable weaponisation in the coming years be the eyes of any commander.
it is essential that all the HR issues such as selection, training, Network Centric Operations (NCO) is a concept of opera-
work ethos, CRM as well as career progression need a con- tions envisioned by the IAF to achieve information superior-
stant review. Use of simulators for EP in particular, would help ity and mission success by effectively linking and networking
in reducing the extensive training schedules and also help in knowledgeable entities in a battle space. Key components of

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NCO include information sharing and collaboration which will Indian military and civilian markets in the years ahead, a require-
promote shared situational awareness and overall mission suc- ment of interoperability with common standards/architecture is
cess. However, a significant challenge in the implementation of the need of the hour. Standardisation resulting in effective in-
NCO will be, achieving the rapid information sharing not only teroperability would help in finding solutions to issues such as
intra but inter-service as well. This could become problematic constraints of bandwidth, airspace management and mobility.
if the software protocols and architecture are different for each Standardisation would help in focussing effort and create com-
Service. To promote true interoperability between forces, all petition, which are two crucial elements, needed to accelerate
relevant stakeholders will need to access data generated by technological progress. The adoption of protocols and stan-
UAV in a common network, regardless of different platforms. dards within the telecommunication and computer industries
Based on requirements projected from their Armed Forces, have certainly shaped and accelerated the current technology
UAV designers and manufacturers in Europe and US are already revolution. When standards are adopted for the UAV usage, in-
working on common architecture to enable System Interoper- dustry will need to respond accordingly. Standards will help in
ability. Induction of similar UAV Systems by IAF, Army and Navy reducing training costs, decreased programme risk, increased
has brought about a need for standardised system architecture interoperability and lower operating costs.
for all existing and future UAV Systems. Since the three Ser- Next are the present limitations of reliable navigation and
vices are presently operating UAVs from a common manufac- seamless data-linking. These become prerequisites for the UAV
turer, all ground stations, data terminals and their architecture to undertake complex missions aimed at manoeuvring in a re-
are similar. However, growth of the UAV fleet of the three ser- stricted tactical area with limitations of terrain and, in urban areas.
vices is likely to increase by 100 per cent in the next four to five However, performance of current surveillance and reconnaissance

See us at Aero India 2009, Bangalore, Hall C, Booth 14


years and nearly five fold in the next decade. With several UAV UAV systems is limited by their inability to seamlessly and reliably
manufacturers and subsystem developers waiting to flood the navigate and send back data in urban environments in day and

MINI ROTARY:
Georgia Tech’s GT-MAX

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Technology

LATEST DEVELOPMENTS
The uses and forms of UAVs have grown more varied. These can be used for reconnais- munitions from an internal weapons bay and will have a stealth airframe with reduced
sance, intelligence-gathering, real time imagery, surveillance of a designated area and radar and infrared cross-sections. Neuron will have the capability to carry two laser guided
for attack. More challenging roles have been and are being envisioned which include 250kg (550lb) bombs in two weapon bays. The air vehicle is expected to have an endur-
combat missions with specialized platforms. These can fly autonomously based on pre- ance of several hours and high subsonic speed i.e. a maximum speed of Mach 0.7 to
programmed flight plans or more complex dynamic automation systems. Today they Mach 0.8. The unmanned Neuron will be controlled from ground based stations and from
range from slingshot-launched spybots to global guardians. In fact, the acronym itself control stations in combat aircraft such as the French Rafale or the Swedish Gripen.
may be morphing into unmanned aerial systems (UAS) to indicate that these are not just X-47 Pegasus Naval Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle, USA: The Pegasus unmanned
aircraft, but systems that include ground stations and other elements. air vehicle was initially developed under private funding by the Integrated Systems Sector
Following UAVs are covered in the latest developments in this field: of Northrop Grumman at El Segundo in California. Pegasus received its X-47A designa-
1. Zephyr being developed by QinetiQ in the UK tion in June 2001. The airframe is a stealthy planform design. It is diamond-kite shaped
2. Neuron being developed as the European Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle (UCAV) with a 55° backward sweep on the leading edge and a 35° forward sweep on the trailing
by Dassault. edge. The X-47A has a wingspan of 8.47m and is 8.5m long; the dimensions of the X-
3. X-47 Pegasus UCAV-N, by Northrop Grumman for USA. 47B have yet to be finalised. The vehicle is robustly built for carrier take-off and landings
4. A160 Hummingbird Unmanned Rotorcraft by Boeing Integrated Defence Sys- and uses a conventional wheeled take-off and landing with an arrestor hook.
tems, for USA. A160 Hummingbird Unmanned Rotorcraft, USA: The A160 Hummingbird long-endur-
5. Taranis Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle (UCAV) by BAE Systems for UK ance helicopter UAV is capable of carrying out persistent intelligence, surveillance and
Zephyr High-Altitude Long-Endurance UAV, UK: Zephyr family of solar-electric- reconnaissance, target acquisition, communications relay and precision resupply mis-
powered unmanned air vehicles is being developed by QinetiQ in the UK with the UK sions. The air vehicle, with optimum-speed rotor, operates autonomously and is planned
Ministry of Defence, under a jointly funded programme. The Zephyr high-altitude, long- to fly at 260km/h at a maximum altitude of 9,150m and hover capability up to 4,570m
endurance (HALE) autonomous unmanned system can provide high-quality surveillance for up to 20 hours. Boeing Integrated Defence Systems, advanced systems division is
data over large areas in real time. The system is capable of capturing and disseminating building three A160 Hummingbird UAVs for the US Defense Advanced Research Projects
information, while operating at altitudes of more than 18km. The QinetiQ development Agency (DARPA) and eight for the US Special Operations Command (SOCOM).
programme aims at providing a HALE UAV for long-endurance operations of up to three Taranis Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle Demonstrator, UK: In December 2006, the
months at altitudes above the weather and air traffic (above 50,000ft), offering an UK MoD announced that the contract for the Taranis unmanned air vehicle demonstrator
operational low-cost persistent military capability by the end of the decade. programme had been awarded to a team led by BAE Systems. The industrial participa-
Neuron—Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle Demonstrator, Europe: Neuron is the Eu- tion in the £124 million joint programme will be managed at BAE Systems, of Warton in
ropean Unmanned Combat Air Vehicle (UCAV) demonstrator for the development, inte- Lancashire, as prime contractor and industrial team leader. A fully developed Taranis air
gration and validation of UCAV technologies. The operational UCAV is expected to be a vehicle will be capable of delivering weapons to a battlefield in another continent with a
larger design than the Neuron demonstrator. A main aim of the Neuron programme is to high level of autonomy. Taranis will be one of the world’s largest unmanned air vehicles.
sustain and develop European manufacturers’ aeronautic and other technologies for next-
generation combat aircraft and UAVs. The UCAV will be able to launch precision-guided By Lt General (Retd) V.K. Kapoor

night/all weather conditions. It is practically impossible to obtain existing hardware for dedicated data-links and add-on satellite
a miniature, lightweight solution, which operates over relatively data-links, as well as create a VPN using existing cellular net-
long ranges and can be used as a robust, autonomous system. works and portable convergence routers. These would need to
Although GPS technology is usable for indoor operations, it is be assembled at the architectural and protocol level to allow
susceptible to jamming, interference and multi-path reception of use of standard equipment and applications without sacrific-
the same signal making it unreliable in many scenarios. ing performance in critical scenarios and provide satisfactory
While using ground based data-links, the Ground Con- results using high data rate links. Secure communication pro-
trol Stations (GCS) and their Data Terminals have to be sited tocols would enable the requisite security for the transmitted
to give maximum unhindered coverage. Though this aspect data. With multimedia data applications, immediate viewing
could be ignored in flat, open terrain, it assumes significance on handheld PDA/phone screens may also be possible in near
in areas with uneven terrain/high rise buildings or trees in close real-time, ideal for NSG operations.
proximity of the GCS site. LOS (Line of Sight) limitations may Air traffic management is another challenge which will need
also dictate deployment of additional GCS in forward locations to be addressed with increasing numbers of UAV both in military
to observe targets. However, this may not be feasible in a rap- and civil use. Since military UAV like the Global Hawk are flying
idly changing tactical scenario. Satellite data-links also have in air spaces common to Civil Aviation traffic, FAA and Euro
inadequate indoor/urban accuracy due to multi-path signal, Control have already drafted regulations to help in air traffic
refraction, diffraction, sky-wave affects and absorption. In UAV management. Developing on the concept of ‘sense and avoid’,
operations, an enormous amount of data exchange is inevi- Russia has also issued instructions for UAV operations, based
table. During this process apart from reliability, secured com- on the use of transponders using Global Navigation Satellite
munication protocols also become extremely essential. System (GNSS). In order to understand the nuances a concept
Therefore use of multiple paths for transferring data from of Optionally Piloted Air Vehicle (OPAV) is being developed. It
the controller to sensor to the recipient, would enable seam- is something in between a piloted aircraft and a UAV. While Bell
less exchange of data ensuring continued success of the mis- Company already has a helicopter OPAV already flying, so are
sion. Towards this, a ‘Multiple Path User Network (MULPUN)’ Russian ‘Irkut-850’ and German Stemme S-10 VT fixed wing
would need to be put in place. This network could utilise the OPAV. These not only serve as excellent ‘flying laboratories’ to

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See us at Aero India 2009, Bangalore, Hall C, Booth 14


LONG ENDURANCE:
Elbit Systems’ Hermes 450

try newer technologies and concepts, but also help in solving of UAVs are phenomenal. Future UAVs will evolve from being
issues such as certification, standardisation and formulation of remotely operated to independent robots, able to self actualise
air traffic regulations. Since the UAV are quite susceptible to the task. But such ultimate autonomy will require capabilities
adverse weather conditions, OPAV could also help in develop- similar to the human brain in terms of speed and memory. As
ing procedures and limits for weather penetration. to how many lines of software code equate to ‘thinking’ is still
It is reported that US armed forces fly more than 350,000 not clear, but indigenous efforts in Robotics and Artificial Intel-
hours every year on UAV and that Israeli Defence Forces log ligence will need to be developed rapidly to ensure that India
almost 50 per cent of their total air effort on such remotely does not miss out on the next RMA.
operated platforms. With numbers of UAVs on the increase, As it approaches its own centennial in 2018, unmanned avia-
indigenisation assumes great importance. India needs to de- tion points towards an impressive future. Think of a scenario, the
velop the capability to make on her own platforms like the large most wanted mastermind is celebrating a recently executed ter-
size Global Hawk, stealthy X-47B, armed Predator, mini rotary rorist attack. More than the damage caused, he is regaling the
GT-Max and the six-inch diameter Micro UAV, Black Widow. It celebrity status in the media coverage. Suddenly clutching at his
is heartening to note that not only DRDO which is collaborating throat, the mastermind is gasping for air, with death just a moment
with other countries, but the Indian private industry along with away. His henchmen are shocked and in the hustle that follows no
foreign partners, is also planning to enter this field. With the in- one has noticed a small honey-bee like flying creature which has
digenous expertise in software, concerted efforts in manufac- fired the fatal poison dart; controlled remotely many miles away
turing UAV and necessary ground support equipment would by a team, determined to eliminate the scourge of terrorism.
greatly benefit the country’s armed and paramilitary forces and Fiction! Far fetched! Undoubtedly it sounds so. But with
also the civil sector. India needs to use the spin-offs from the nanotechnology and many other scientific applications like so-
offset clause in this area. lar powered flutter wings and multiple communication chan-
Moore’s Law predicts that the speed of microprocessors nels, it may not be too far into the future that one hopes to
will reach parity with the human brain around 2015. It is also es- witness a scenario painted above.
timated that the memory capacity of a computer will equal that The UAV operator I mentioned in the beginning may have
of the human closer to 2030. Hence the futuristic applications sounded as if ‘kite flying’, possibly, but that too, remotely. n

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Transport Aircraft

IMPROVED:
The C-130J Super Hercules

In need of facelift
The last two decades have seen the launch of just three new designs in military
transport aircraft: the Boeing C-17 Globemaster III, the EADS-CASA C-295 and
Alenia’s C-27J Spartan

By Group Captain (Retd) Joseph Noronha, Goa

Crises often reveal glaring deficiencies in contingency aircraft of which most are operated by the US and the Com-
planning with air transport capability lagging woefully be- monwealth of Independent States. The ubiquitous Lock-
hind. Most armed forces including those of the major pow- heed Martin C-130, for instance, began production in 1954.
ers are equipped with transport aircraft of the 1960s and Strangely, the last two decades have seen the launch of just
1970s vintage that are technologically obsolete and op- three new designs in military transport aircraft: the Boeing
erationally inadequate. The current global military transport C-17 Globemaster III, the EADS-CASA C-295 and, last year,
fleet consists of more than 2,300 tactical airlift aircraft with Alenia’s C-27J Spartan. Airbus’s own much-awaited A400M
an average age of 26 years and around 50 strategic airlift has been dogged by delays and is yet to get airborne.

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Transport Aircraft

NEW ENTRANT:
Alenia’s C-27J Spartan

INTERMINABLE DELAYS its shortfall in strategic airlift. In March 2006, under the Strategic
Indeed, the state of the military air transport fleets of the major Airlift Interim Solution, NATO put a multinational airlift contract
powers is rather depressing. The American scene appears par- into effect. Six Antonov An-124-100 strategic airlift aircraft, leased
ticularly bleak. The global war on terror has sharply accelerated from Russia, will be available to 15 NATO members. NATO also
aircraft utilisation rates, yet plans to induct new aircraft seem lost plans to buy three C-17s. Member countries will receive allocated
somewhere in the political labyrinth. The C-17 Globemaster III flight hours relative to their participation. Side-by-side, the Euro-
remains the backbone of US inter-theatre transport operations pean Air Transport Fleet initiative, which could enter operation in
around the world. Improvements in the C-130J Super Hercules, 2014, will pool aircraft like the A400M and the C-130J.
which entered production in 1997, have improved the plane’s Russia in this respect is no better off. There are around 300
range, cruise ceiling, time to climb, speed and airfield require- transport aircraft in service with the Russian Air Force, includ-
ments. Yet, the trend in airlift demand is likely to place a premium ing An-12 Cub, An-72 Coaler, An-124 Condor and Il-76 Candid
on aircraft that can carry more than a C-130J. Consequently, the planes. Most of these entered service in the 1960s and 1970s
levels of C-17 flight hours remain well above USAF projections. and are considered unsafe by modern standards. However,
Stretched by the demands of the war on terror, particularly comprehensive upgrading could extend their service life until
the frequent need to land on unpaved airstrips, the RAF is badly 2020-2025. The Chinese situation has hitherto been a couple of
affected by the revised delivery schedule of the Airbus A400M. notches worse than the Russian, but the much stronger Chinese
The 25 new planes on order that were to arrive in 2010, will be de- economy will probably permit it to keep pace with military trans-
livered in 2012. Meanwhile, NATO has been trying to make good port aircraft requirements in the foreseeable future.

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Transport Aircraft

Dogged by obsolescence and shortages in its transport tin expects to sell more of its competing planes. The traditional
fleets, the Indian Air Force (IAF) operates 14 Ilyushin Il-76 air- Boeing-Airbus rivalry is absent in this segment since Boeing
craft for tactical and strategic airlift, and six IL-78s for in-flight seems too preoccupied with its 787 Dreamliner.
refuelling. Apart from the obsolescent HS-748 Avros, it has a Embraer is also considering a new transport aircraft, the C-
fleet of 90 Antonov An-32 and 28 Dornier Do 228 utility aircraft. 390, which will be the company’s first cargo plane and its heavi-
In an effort to infuse fresh life into its transport fleet, the IAF will est aircraft, carrying approximately 19 tonnes of freight. Size-
begin an upgrade programme for its An-32s and Do 228s this wise it will be between the C-27J and the C-130J. The aircraft’s
year. The upgrade is intended to improve the avionics, increase maiden flight is expected around 2011.
the engine lifespan, and improve range and payload so they can Turning to light military transport aircraft, there are three main
remain operational for another 15 to 20 years. Six C-130J Super options at present: Alenia’s C-27J Spartan, EADS-CASA’s C-
Hercules have also been contracted for delivery in 2011. 295M and that old faithful—Antonov’s An-32. The C-27J Spar-
tan is a twin-turboprop, medium-sized military transport aircraft.
AIRCRAFT ON OFFER The aircraft was selected as the Joint Cargo Aircraft for the US
The Airbus A400M is a direct result of a commonly felt need military. Italy received its first C-27J in October 2006 and the US
by eight European air forces for a new generation, multi-role Army received its first in September last year.
military transport to replace the ageing C-130 Hercules and C- So far as India is concerned, the success of the BrahMos
160 Transall. The aircraft incorporates leading state-of-the-art missile project needs to be replicated in the Indo-Russian Multi-
technology and can operate in many configurations including role Transport Aircraft (MRTA) project. In 2002, the two countries
cargo transport, troop transport, MEDEVAC, aerial refuelling, agreed to a 50-50 joint venture between Hindustan Aeronautics

See us at Aero India 2009, Bangalore, Hall C, Booth 14


EAGERLY AWAITED:
The A400M

and electronic surveillance. Since survivability of transport air- Limited and Ilyushin Aviation Complex/Rosoboronexport to de-
craft in the tactical battle area is open to question, the A400M velop the MRTA with a payload capacity of 18.5 tonnes, a range
could be fitted with an extensive ECM suite. of 2,500 km and a speed of 870 km/hour. The twin bypass tur-
A series of smart design decisions regarding load carrying bo-jet is expected to fly soon and enter service by 2015. While
capacity, extensive use of modern materials, multi-role capabil- the IAF plans to acquire 45 such aircraft, the Russian market
ity and a multinational industrial programme were expected to could absorb 100 planes within the next 12 years. However,
leave the aircraft well positioned to take overall market share latest reports suggest that the deal has not been finalised as
from Lockheed Martin’s C-130J Hercules. The catch: It won’t be yet. If the deal doesn’t come through, India could look at part-
ready in time. In January, EADS announced that the first A400M nering the Embraer’s C-390 programme which is very similar
delivery would be postponed until at least 2012. Critics also say to what is needed by the IAF and also in an advanced stage of
it is overweight and underpowered. As a result, Lockheed Mar- development. n

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Business Aviation

Emerging from the Shadows


Almost overnight, business jets are considered to be, at best, out-of-sync with public opinion;
at worst, ostentatious and hedonistic toys of the opulent. Time to sieve fact from fallacy.
By Joseph Noronha, Goa

When the current heads of America’s busi- Is it a sign of the times that the car mo-
ness jet manufacturers grow old and grey, guls did not attempt to defend their jets as
they may still remember December 3, 2008 productivity-enhancing and time-saving
with a shudder. On that day the bosses of tools? Corporate jets are officially out of fa-
General Motors, Ford and Chrysler made their vour with US politicians, who now have the
way to Washington, DC to plead for a bailout, power to rescue or demolish ‘sick’ compa-
forsaking their sleek private jets and prefer- nies. Such is the disdain for private aircraft
ring to travel by hybrid car instead. It was the that it has been enshrined in legislation.
SIZE MATTERS: modern equivalent of the monarchs of yore How quickly things go wrong. The same
Dassault’s Falcon 7X
is a French-built
shedding their royal trappings in favour of business tycoons who months ago were
large-cabin, long sackcloth and ashes. The intensity of the re- eagerly marking time till the promised de-
range business jet action to their previous trip to Washington in livery of their own jets are now running for
manufactured by corporate jets left the business aviation com- cover. Nor is the current suspicion of busi-
Dassault Aviation
munity stunned. Almost overnight, business ness jets unique to the USA. The June 2008
jets are considered to be, at best, out-of-sync allegations of ‘evasion’ of customs duty on
with public opinion; at worst, ostentatious import of scores of business aircraft into In-
and hedonistic toys of the opulent. dia are too recent to be forgotten.

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Falcon 900LX
Aircraft B 55% MORE
Aircraft C 70% MORE
FUEL COMPARISON FOR A TYPICAL 1,000 nm FLIGHT
Business Aviation

PICTURE OF ELEGANCE:
The ultra-long-range Gulfstream G650

TRAVEL IN COMFORT:
Inside the Embraer Lineage 1000 executive jet

The global market for high prices, buyers are cannily seeking low prices. Trouble
The brouhaha over US tycoons and their jets is only the latest sign is, till the two positions match, the market will be flooded
that the worldwide boom in business jet sales could be coming with unwanted jets. Some say this is the worst market they
to an end. Many factors are responsible. The global credit crunch have ever seen. Order cancellations could reach double-digit
and declining corporate profits are the prime culprits. Suddenly levels in 2009.
there is no money to ‘splurge’ on business aviation. About half As recession bites deep into Europe, business jet sales are
of business jet customers pay cash; the other half of sales are falling everywhere. The Russians were once big buyers. Howev-
financed, and many banks just aren’t lending. An increase in er, since their stock market tanked, demand has cooled consid-
inventory of pre-owned aircraft and decline in business activity erably. But despite the global economic turmoil, the Middle East
makes a significant slowdown in demand likely. The strengthen- business jet market seems to be unaffected and continues to
ing dollar also means that prices go up for the rest of the world, grow. The business jet fleet there jumped by 30 per cent in 2008.
already deeply affected by recessionary winds. With about 700 new jets on order, it seems the good times can
There are currently an estimated 16,000 business jets world- only get better. But the recent crash in oil prices, welcomed in the
wide with just 500 lying idle. North America has the largest share, rest of the world, could dampen the party though only slightly. Oil
with about two-thirds of all private aeroplanes, followed by Eu- prices are likely to move upwards and stabilise at realistic levels
rope with about 15 per cent. 2008 was the fifth consecutive year possibly in a year or so as the global economy recovers.
of expansion, with a record 1,200 new business jets delivered. In India, though turboprops have traditionally dominated
Though some analysts are hopeful that peak deliveries are a year business aviation, there has been a marked preference for jets
or so away others believe the figure for 2008 is unlikely to be ex- in recent times. Currently, the country has about 100 turboprop
ceeded; rather a three to four year decline in annual production aircraft and nearly that many business jets. The Indian economy
should be expected, with growth unlikely to resume until 2013. would be affected by the global meltdown but to a lesser degree
With the American share of new deliveries falling to around 30 as compared with the other advanced economies. That there is
per cent, hopes of growth now rest on the Gulf, Brazil, India and still confidence in the Indian market is manifest in the fact that
China. Embraer has an order for over 30 business jets from India and
According to UBS, a Swiss bank, the number of used busi- there have been a number of fresh enquiries. Embraer show-
ness jets available worldwide for sale at the end of November cased the Phenom 100 and the Phenom 300 business jets as
2008 rose an astonishing 62 per cent compared with a year also the Lineage 1000 executive jet in the luxury class in Mumbai
earlier, to reach an all-time high. The market has few serious recently and is all set to display their new products at Aero India
buyers, too much supply (used and new delivery slots) and 2009 at Bangalore as well.
pricing that has fallen more than 25 per cent over the past six
to eight weeks. Struggling companies, it appears, agree with Blurs & a few bright spots
the philosophy of the US Congress that in hard times a good All in all, it is clear that the business jet industry seems set for a
way to save money is to sell a jet. While sellers are still hoping reality check. Hawker Beechcraft has already cut its workforce

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Business Aviation

and revised delivery schedules. Textron Inc. will eliminate an ad- since been removed. However, the strident criticism of corpo-
ditional 2,000 jobs at its Cessna unit, the world’s biggest maker rate jets seems to have struck a chord.
of business jets, as corporate customers defer and cancel orders The business aviation community is aghast. The National
because of lower earnings and problems obtaining financing. Business Association of America points out that 86 per cent
Cessna hopes to ship slightly more than the 475 Citation jets of of passengers aboard business airplanes are not senior com-
last year, but fewer than the 535 originally expected. pany officials but mid-level employees including salespersons,
Embraer has already lowered its delivery forecasts for this engineers, or other specialists. The president of the European
year to reflect only orders from clients who have clearly indicated Business Aviation Association is urging companies and in-
their ability to take delivery (read, with enough money to pay). dividuals to fully use corporate aircraft during the economic
The 2009 forecast for its business jets is now 145 aircraft, down downturn. “With a faltering economy and diminishing business
from the previous estimate of 195 to 200. This includes 110 Phe- confidence, now is the time to re-establish the business by
nom 100 very light jets and Phenom 300 light jets, a far cry from getting out and seeking new clients and deals, and servicing
the 150 earlier expected. the customer base more proactively and efficiently than ever,”
Take the Very Light Jet (VLJ) segment, for instance. After he says.
scores of bright forecasts, and visions of thousands of VLJs Another thorny issue is that the US Transportation Security
crisscrossing the skies, 2008 was indeed a year of truth. While Administration (TSA) proposes to lower the weight minimum of
Cessna progressed with deliveries of its Mustang VLJ and Em- private aircraft that require security screening from 45,540 kg
braer completed the certification process for the Phenom 100, to 5,675 kg or anything larger than a Cessna CJ1. The regula-
the industry is yet to recover from the twin bankruptcies of Adam tions are intended to establish baseline standards of security

See us at Aero India 2009, Bangalore, Hall C, Booth 14


Aircraft and Eclipse Aviation. The all new Eclipse 500 which is for general aviation operations. They would require flight crews
relatively cheap to buy and operate, was expected to spur a bur- to undergo fingerprint-based criminal history records and ter-
geoning air-taxi business, but DayJet’s demise put paid to those rorist name checks, designate security coordinators, conduct
hopes. Eclipse Aviation’s assets are to be sold to a subsidiary of watch list matching of passengers, and check and validate
Luxembourg-based ETIRC Aviation. Can Eclipse rise from the property on board for unauthorised people and accessible
ashes and resurrect the VLJ prospects? weapons. Such measures, if adopted in the USA, could rapidly
Although 2009 holds much uncertainty for the business spread worldwide. Industry representatives, while appreciat-
aviation industry, it could also see many key milestones being ing the need for enhanced security, feel these measures would
achieved. Innovative manufacturers continue to work behind the pose major challenges for business aviation since they ignore
scenes producing new designs, hopeful that the market down- its distinctive nature.
turn will not be prolonged. Last year saw several new programme
launches such as the midsize Bombardier Learjet 85, the large- In conclusion
cabin Citation Columbus, the ultra-long-range Gulfstream G650 It is perhaps understandable that many people hold top busi-
and midsize G250, after a new design drought of several years. ness executives accountable for the current perilous state of the
This year, Cessna hopes to obtain certification of its light busi- world economy. And what more potent symbol of high-flying
ness jet, the CJ4; Embraer’s Lineage 1000 is earmarked for ser- profligacy than corporate jets? To the impartial observer, howev-
vice entry this quarter while the smaller Phenom 300 light jet is er, these jets are highly effective productivity tools, assets that
due for certification and service entry in the third and fourth quar- can be employed to advantage. They help businesses expand
ter respectively. The Phenom 300s and 100s could play a pivotal into new markets, form partnerships, ferry customers, seal deals
role for the start-up air taxi operators. and expedite vital maintenance. In so doing, they create jobs
and generate tax revenue. Any asset can be misused and busi-
Politics to the fore ness aircraft are no exception. Computers and company cars
The American business jet industry has been the target of a are also open to misuse. Should they be discarded?
wave of political attacks. It was officially proposed that bank For the time being at least, growth of the market for business
executives be forced to disown travel by private aircraft, such jets seem to have slowed down. But all is not lost. The more
as business jets, if they are to qualify for bailout money. Similar pragmatic businesses in America are keeping their jets under
restrictions were tied to earlier federal bailouts for auto com- wraps, or hiding them in the garden shed. They probably hope
panies. And what of the consequences for business aviation? that like most other misguided moralistic campaigns in history,
There are complaints that such legislation would kill high-pay- this one too shall pass. The industry, meanwhile, is focussing
ing, high-quality manufacturing jobs as well as curtail econom- on new business jet designs that are scheduled to enter service
ic recovery in the aviation industry even as government tries to early in the next decade, when growth, prosperity, optimism and
revive other sectors. Fortunately the offending language has sanity should hopefully have returned. n

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Military

FORMIDABLE:
The US F-22 Raptor
incorporates all the
attributes of a Fifth
Generation fighter

GenNext Fighters
Development is progressing from the past decade’s
fighters towards what is known as the Fifth Generation
fighters in the current millennium

By Air Marshal (Retd) V.K. Bhatia

More than a century after the first heavier-than-air machine leapt off the ground, the evolution of
fighter aircraft has been a saga best described by the die-hard determination and extraordinary imagi-
nation of the designers coupled with continuous advancements in technology. Both put together have
been responsible for ushering in revolution in military aviation giving the present day fighters combat
capabilities that were unimaginable earlier. From the doddering bi/tri planes of the First World War to
the present day mean machines, the transformation has been fantastic. Categorised into various gen-
erations, development is progressing from the past decade’s fighters towards what is known as the
Fifth Generation fighters in the current millennium. But, what are the characteristics of the latest aircraft
and what are the trends in fighter development?

Fifth Generation fighters


Attributes that characterise the Fifth Generation of fighter aircraft include highly advanced avionics and
stealthy sensory suites, affording the pilot a comprehensive view of the entire battle-space. Also char-
acterising Fifth Generation is a comprehensive stealthy airframe design and a combination of airframe

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Military

and engines to provide efficient supersonic speeds, that is, reported to be capable of detecting 1.2 meter target at range
‘supercruise’ capability. But that is not all. The Fifth Generation of approximately 109 nautical miles (201 km). Even this highly
fighter is aimed to have a ‘first look, first shoot and first kill’ ca- capable radar was to be replaced by new AESA radar in 2008
pability in all conditions of flight and tactical situations. In other that will eventually incorporate advanced air-to-ground com-
words, it must be able to far outstrip its rivals in all departments puter software. Fused situational awareness information is dis-
of aerial combat—that is, detection, identification, acquisition, played to pilot via four colour liquid crystal multi-function dis-
engagement and destruction. Aircraft that can stand scrutiny in plays. Cockpit and instruments illumination is fully Night Vision
this regard are the Lockheed Martin F-22 Raptor and the not yet Goggles (NVG) compatible. The common integrated processors
operational F-35 JSF (Joint Strike Fighter), and possibly the MiG (CIPs) also contain mission software that uses tailorable mission
MFI and Sukhoi Su-47 with question marks still attached to their planning data for sensor emitter management and multi-sensor
future development and production because of the PAK-FA be- fusion. The CIPs are rated at more than 700 million instructions
coming a more viable Russian alternative. However, so far, only per second (MIPS) with growth to 2,000 MIPS and signal pro-
the F-22 Raptor has been inducted for operational service with cessing capacity greater than 20 billion operations per second
the United States Air Force (USAF). Also, it is the only aircraft (Bops) with expansion capability to 50 Bops. One CIP contains
considered to have all the attributes of a Fifth Generation aircraft more than 300 Mbytes of memory with growth potential to 650
and merits a somewhat detailed study. Mbytes. There is plenty of spare capacity in the systems to
support future growth. The aircraft has provisions for infra-red
F-22, the Raptor search & track and side-mounted phased-array radar.
Designed to be a Fifth Generation aircraft from the word go, the Raptor has the unique capability to carry all its weapons for

See us at Aero India 2009, Bangalore, Hall C, Booth 14


Raptor incorporates low-observables configuration and con- its primary air dominance role internally in the fuselage bays in
struction which has been balanced to give an optimum mix of addition to a long-barrel 20 mm cannon. Three internal bays
stealth and agility, unlike in the case of the earlier F-117 that can carry two AIM-9M Sidewinder or Next Generation AIM-9X
flaunted a stealthy airframe but little agility. To reduce the ra- close combat missiles (one in each side bay) and six AIM-120C
dar signature of the aircraft further, antennae have been located Beyond Visual Range air-to-air missiles and/or precision-guid-
in leading or the trailing edges of wings and fins, or flush with ed GBU-32 Joint Direct Attack Munition. It can also carry un-
surfaces. In addition, all production aircraft have been coated der-wing stores (if stealth is not an overriding factor for a par-
with new Boeing-developed stealthy paint intended to enhance ticular mission) on four hard-points capable of carrying 5,000
low-visibility attributes. The Raptor is powered by two 156kN lb (2,268 kg) each. Other weaponry against surface targets en-
(35,000 lb st) class Pratt & Whitney F119-PW-100 advanced visaged for use by the Raptor includes the BLU-109 Penetra-
technology reheated turbofans, each fitted with a two-dimen- tor, the wind-corrected munitions dispenser (WCMD), AGM-88
sional, convergent/divergent thrust vectoring (20 deg up/down HARM anti-radiation missile, GBU-22 Paveway 3 guidance unit
in the vertical plane) exhaust nozzle for enhanced performance for LGBs, new Small Diameter Bomb and the low-cost autono-
and manoeuvrability. The powerful engines ensure short take- mous attack system submunitions dispenser package. With all
off and supersonic cruise and manoeuvring (supercruise) in the the attributes of a Fifth Generation fighter, the F-22 Raptor is
region of M 1.5 without afterburning. indeed the most formidable combat aircraft ever produced. The
The aircraft is equipped with highly integrated avionics for synergy that results from combining stealth, speed, information
single pilot operation and rapid reaction. Radar, Radar Warning fusion, situational awareness and the ability to operate within
Receiver (RWR) and communication/identification are managed and interact with a broad array of networked systems in a single
by a single system presenting only relevant data and the emis- platform represents a quantum jump in capability and surviv-
sions are controlled (passive to fully active) in stages, accord- ability over contemporary fighters. The European Eurofighter
ing to tactical situation. Common Integrated Processors (CIPs) EF A2000, Typhoon and the French Rafale come pretty close
handle all avionics functions, including self-protection and radio, to the Raptor except that they lack stealth and vectored-thrust
and automatically reconfigure to compensate for faults and fail- capabilities – deficiencies which could prove to be crippling in
ures. The aircraft is equipped with Inter/intra-Flight Data Link combat scenarios against the Raptor. That is why these, oth-
which allows all Raptors in a flight to share target and system erwise highly capable aircraft, have fallen short of being called
data without voice communication. Fifth Generation fighters.
The heart of the Raptor is its state-of-the-art AN/APG-77
Active Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) multi-mode radar, F-35, Lightning II
capable of interleaving air-to-air search and multi-target track A sibling of F-22, the Raptor, F-35 joint strike fighter (JSF) is an-
functions. It also incorporates weather mapping mode with pro- other Fifth Generation fighter from The Lockheed Martin design
visions for air-to-ground modes and side arrays. The radar is team, whose development is progressing at a feverish tempo.

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Military

the new combat aircraft called, PAK-FA which roughly stands


for ‘Prospective Aircraft System of the Frontline Aviation’. The
PAK-FA will incorporate technology from both the Su-47 and
the MiG 1.44. To ease its financial concerns India was invited
as a fifty-fifty partner to join the programme. Overcoming its
initial hesitation/apprehension, in January 2007, India formal-
ly resumed fresh negotiations with Russia over PAK-FA Fifth
Generation fighter development programme which has now
been firmed up as a joint collaborative endeavour on a 50:50
partnership.
From the reports available, the aircraft will be stealthy,
have the ability to supercruise, be outfitted with the Next
Generation air-to-air, air-to-surface and air-to-ship missiles,
and incorporate AESA radar. It will be powered by the Saturn
AL-41F thrust vectoring engines. It is estimated to be similar
in size to the F-22. It is as yet uncertain how low the Radar
The JSF programme was EN-LIGHTNING: Cross Section (RCS) of the PAK-FA will be. This will be Russia’s
created in the US to initial- US F-35 Joint Strike Fighter first attempt at making a ‘stealth’ aircraft from a scratch though,
ly replace various aircraft all latest production variants of Russian military aircraft use Ra-
on the inventory of its armed forces. But as of now, eight more dar-Absorbing Materials that lower RCS to that of less than 1.2
nations have joined the programme and many others waiting m objects. It is also unclear whether the PAK-FA will use con-
in the wings or making up their minds to become partners in ventional stealth, which is used by the USA or ‘Plasma Stealth’
the now highly transformed international programme. The
JSF is being developed in three variants i.e. F-35A – con-
ventional take-off and landing (CTOL), F-35B – short take-off
and vertical landing (STOVL) and the F-35C – carrier variant
for conventional, marine and carrier operations, respectively.
The improvements over the current Fourth or Four+ Genera-
tion fighters include durable, low-maintenance stealth tech-
nology; integrated avionics and sensor fusion that combine
information from off/onboard sensors to increase the pilot’s
situational awareness and improve identification and weapon
delivery, and to relay information quickly to other C2 (Com-
mand & Control) nodes.
The main sensor on board the F-35 is its AN/APG-81
AESA radar designed by Northrop Grumman Electronic Sys-
tems. This is augmented by the EOTS (Electro-Optical Tar-
geting System) designed by Lockheed Martin and BAE. Further reported to have been suc-
E-O sensors form part of the AN/AAS-37 system which acts cessfully developed and DEADLY:
Russia’s PAK-FA 5th Gen fighter
as missile warning system and can aid in navigation and night used by Russia.
operations. The F-35 is also capable of nearly carrying all the The Indian version will
weapons described for the Raptor, above. be somewhat different from the Russian version as it will be
customized to Indian requirements. For example, unlike the
Russian response & Indo-Russian collaboration Russian single-pilot fighter, the Indian variant will have a twin-
The Russians came up with their own designs in response to the seat configuration based on its operational doctrine for combat
US F-22 Raptor. These were from two major design bureaus; operations. Although, development work is at a nascent stage,
MiG 1.42 or 1.44 from RAC MiG Corporation and the Su-47 from the Russian side has expressed optimism that a prototype will
Sukhoi. Radically different from each other, both designs were be ready for its maiden flight by 2012. But the availability of
touted as the answer to the US Raptor. However, development in this FGFA (Fifth Generation Fighter Aircraft) in the IAF as an
both the cases was severely hampered due to financial difficul- operational fleet is not likely to come about before the end of
ties in Russia. Finally, Sukhoi was chosen to lead the design for the next decade. n

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Exclusive Interview

‘IAF’s key objective is to

See us at Aero India 2009, Bangalore, Hall C, Booth 14


arrest force depletion’
Deputy Chief of Air Staff Air Marshal N.A.K. Browne,
AVSM VM talks at length about the Indian Air Force’s rapid strides at
modernisation with effective use of aerospace and modern technology

SP Guide Publications (SP’s): What are the various steps our to make good all deficiencies, upgrade the existing equip-
being taken towards modernising the IAF for it to become ment, infrastructure and procure state-of-the-art weapon sys-
a well-balanced, continental and strategic air force in the tems. These include systems like advanced combat aircraft,
true sense in terms of combat power, support systems and Network Centric Warfare systems, enhanced airlift capability
infrastructure? etc. We already have the planned inductions of 230 Su-30 MKI
Deputy Chief of Air Staff (DCAS): In the overall context, IAF’s aircraft along with MMRCA (at a later date), which would ar-
principle objective is to arrest force depletion by suitable re- rest the dwindling combat squadron strength. Additional FRAs,
placements and carry out mid-life upgrades to maintain op- AWACS and precision weapons are planned for procurement
erational relevance of existing fleets and gradually build up to to enhance reach, persistence and precision.
requisite force levels in fighter, transport and helicopter fleets
along with AD Systems, force multipliers and weapons. The SP’s: Could you please elaborate on the ‘Upgrade Pro-
option of utilisation of aerospace and modern technology has grammes’?
significant impact on a force like the IAF. To meet these chal- DCAS: The aim of the IAF is to carry out mid-life upgrade to
lenges we constantly review our equipment, organisational and maintain operational relevance of existing fleets. Towards this,
training policies so as to ensure efficient utilisation of resourc- all fleets which have residual life are scheduled for upgrade
es to meet the laid down objectives in a comprehensive fash- and life extension where technically feasible. A systematic up-
ion. Modernisation is a continuous process and due to certain grade plan is already in motion to ensure requisite capability is
constraints in the past, the IAF modernisation plan had pro- retained by the IAF in all types of contingencies.
gressed slowly. However, with the new procurement procedure As far as the fighter fleet is concerned, the MiG-21 is the
in place and availability of funds for capital acquisitions, IAF is oldest aircraft in the inventory and a number of its variants are
progressing well on its modernisation plan. It is our endeav- in service. After considering the residual life and operational

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Exclusive Interview

utilisation, only a limited number of aircraft were planned for In respect of helicopters, no upgrade is planned for the
upgrade. Upgrade primarily included an effective radar and MI-26 fleet due to the limited numbers and restricted residual
compatible avionics for enhancing its role in air-to-air and air- life. Helicopters of this category are being replaced by 15 new
to-ground modes. The project has been completed and all the inductions and the RFP is likely to be issued shortly. However,
aircraft planned for upgrade are operational in IAF squadrons. upgrade for medium-lift helicopter fleet (MI-17) is planned and
Another fleet that has recently achieved its final operational the process has also commenced.
clearance for the upgrade so far is the MiG-27. This includes As Network Centric Operations will be central to future op-
the entire suite of new navigational and attack systems for erational capability due to their impact on information flow and
enhancing weapon delivery accuracy and range of weapons. the decision making process, we have initiated a major pro-
Last of the MiG series for upgrade is the MiG-29 aircraft. This gramme in this regard. Development and integration of cutting
fleet is undergoing its modification which is also linked to its edge technology in this field is progressing at a fast pace and
life extension. The contract for upgrade of MiG-29 was signed we under the ambit of C4ISR (Command, Control, Commu-
in March 2008. The upgrade process has commenced in Rus- nication, Computer, Intelligence, Surveillance and Reconnais-
sia on the initial six aircraft. Series upgrade will be carried out sance) have commenced major networking projects and the
in India at 11 BRD (Nasik). The upgrade includes new avionics most significant being Integrated Air Command and Control
and cockpit layout besides modification of its fuel system for System (IACCS). It is an indigenous project for automation of
AAR (Air-to-air Refuelling). These modifications will increase Air Defence Command and Control infrastructure at tactical,
the operational effectiveness and will allow usage of this fleet operational and strategic levels. During the first phase, pro-
for another 15 years. totypes were developed and evaluated in field conditions. In
As far as Jaguars are concerned, from their initial induction a few months, our system will be operational. Additionally, an-
in the IAF in 1979, they have undergone a number of modifica- other project has already been initiated to integrate airborne
tions for increasing lethality and survivability. In fact the first platforms, ground sensors and Command and Control Centers
major modification of the older NAVWASS system has been so as to reduce the sensor-to-shooter time in time sensitive
completed and in the second phase, additional features are targeting scenario.
being added besides state-of-the-art navigation system DA- To enhance electronic surveillance capability, a large
RIN III. This will further increase the operational capability of number of ground based radars are being inducted. Radars
this long range strike aircraft. in different categories like Aerostat, Medium Power Radar
The Mirage-2000 is also scheduled for upgrade due to (MPR), Low Level Light Weight Radar (LLLWR), Low Level
the changing operational environment. A new radar, on board Transportable Radar (LLTR), Surveillance Radar Equipment
computers and a new EW suite along with long range air-to-air (SRE) Precision Approach Radar (PAR) will assist a great deal
& air-to-surface weapons will enhance its potency. Contract in airspace management.
negotiations are likely to commence shortly. Initially, four air- We are also acquiring state-of-the-art communication
craft will be upgraded with OEM involvement. Follow on up- equipment across the spectrums. These include SATCOM,
grade will be carried out in India by HAL. HF and V/UHF sets with associated encryption equipment to
Su-30 MKIs are being produced in India in different batch- provide secure and reliable communication amongst its Com-
es. To ensure technological advantage, all aircraft of previous mand, Control and Combat elements.
batches are being planned to be upgraded to new and updated To enhance operational efficiency and execute missions
standards. In fact, Su-30 upgrade is a continuous programme round-the-clock in all weather conditions, we have planned to
and has already commenced. modernise all our airfields under a combined project named
In respect of the transport fleet, upgrade of the AN-32 fleet Modernisation of Airfield Infrastructure (MAFI). This will allow
is planned so that it can operate in the prevailing environment a great deal of flexibility for planning and executing operational
and comply with all ICAO requirements. Upgraded avionics will missions and also enhance Flight Safety.
enable its operation in dense air traffic conditions. No major
upgrade is planned for the IL-76 fleet and the AVRO, as the SP’s: What is the status of the MMRCA acquisition pro-
cost of upgrading these fleets would be high and the benefit gramme? Is the programme on schedule? When can the
that accrues will be limited due to their residual life and limited first lot of aircraft be expected to enter squadron service
availability of spares. The upgrade of Dornier is primarily fo- in the IAF?
cused towards improving its avionics suite and the process is DCAS: The Technical Evaluation is in the final stages of be-
likely to commence in 2009-10 in order to ensure that the com- ing completed and the acquisition process is on schedule. We
plete fleet retains the same standard and can operate in dense have plans to commence flight evaluation this summer with the
air traffic environment complying with all ICAO requirements. process being completed by the year-end. n

SP’s
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singulier - Photo DigitalVision. (03 VA V2)

Be a smart chopper

Sagem lets you mix and match the solutions you need for your missions. From
autopilots and flight controls to data management and transmission systems, we
deliver original equipment or retrofit solutions tailored to your specific
requirements. Because mission success depends on the right ingredients. w w w. s a g e m - d s . c o m
Company News

1 2 3

4 5

Taneja Aerospace
& Aviation Ltd
The company is engaged in manufacture of P68C (six seater aircraft), Thorp T-211
(sport aircraft), Nishant (UAV), Hansa (trainer aircraft) and structures for the SARAS
1. P68C First Aircraft
manufactured and aircraft & Structural assemblies for VSSC program. It is the only company in private
flown in 1994; 2. SARAS sector in India which manufacturers aircraft.
Complete fuselage As- In additional to the above facilities the company has highly experienced, design
sembly, Control System and engineering personnel with more than three thousand man month experience.
& Surfaces supplied to
NAL in 2002; 3. HANSA A large number of modifications on the various types of helicopters and fixed wing
First flight of Hansa built at aircraft have been successfully developed and incorporated on the serial production
TAAL Jan 2006; 4. Thorp of the helicopter, aircraft and UAV’s for our prime customers. The company has the
T211 First flight of Twin strength to undertake major design to build projects on a competitive basis.
Seater built at TAAL Jan
2006; 5. NISHANT
The company’s vision is to establish itself as an aero-structure manufacturer spe-
cializing in
• Advanced composite parts
• Light Alloy Structures/Assemblies
• General Aviation Aircraft

Commercialize the Airfield:


• Set up a premier Aviation Technology Park
• Flight Training, MRO etc.
• Create a Commercial / Business Aviation Airport

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Company News

Composite Shop
Brief Description
TAAL has got required facilities and skill to manufacture and assembly
of interiors for Aircrafts and helicopters both for civil and military use.
We have
approval from DGCA and CEMILA for Design of interiors .

TAAL has completed following interiors and cabin refurbishing till date
• Manufacture and assembly of interiors for Dolphin, Pawanhans
helicopters.
• Design, Manufacture and installation of interiors for P68c Aircraft.
•Design ,fabrication and assembly of interiors with sound proofing for
SEA KING helicoptor for Indian Navy.
• Manufacture and assembly of interiors for ALH, HAL being used
by ONGC.
• Manufactured cabin parts for Indian airlines and Air India. n

See us at Aero India 2009, Bangalore, Hall C, Booth 14


FACILITIES & PRODUCTS:
Thermo Forming Machine

P68C Interior Fairings

SP’s
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’09
Company News

Boeing IDS: F/A-18E/F Super Hornet


F/A-18E/F Super Hornet, equipped with SHAred Reconnaissance Pod, provides employ the Remotely Operated Video En-
advanced sensor technologies delivers what Gibbons calls “unmatched total bat- hanced Receiver (ROVER) system, the F/
unmatched total battlespace situational tlespace situational awareness”. A-18E/F sends video to the ROVER and
awareness. “When we designed the Su- “We can do simultaneous air-to-air and it confirms in a matter of seconds that the
per Hornet, we did it in two phases,” said air-to-ground combat with the addition of pilot is engaging the correct target through
Bob Gower, Boeing Integrated Defense the APG-79 radar,” said Mike Gibbons, F/ the real-time air-to-ground video captured
Systems Vice-President for F/A-18 and A-18E/F programme manager. “That hasn’t with the Super Hornet’s sensors.
EA-18. “The first phase was an airframe historically been available. To date, it has The Super Hornet’s Multifunctional In-
and growth focus where we designed-in been an either air-to-air or air-to-ground formation Distribution System /Link 16, can
stealth. “We focused on what the Navy re- mode. Now, the Super Hornet is smashing instantaneously pass targeting information
fers to as a ‘balanced approach to surviv- through that paradigm. With the F/A-18E/ between aircraft by pushing a single but-
ability’: stealth, our advanced electronic F it’s same-time air and ground missions— ton. It is a machine-to-machine interface,”
warning receivers, combat redundancy that’s tough to match.” Another hallmark Gower said. “That used to take 27 key-
for major systems, such as two engines of the day/night all-weather strike fighter strokes before the targeting data could be
and two mission computers. “We also fo- is its versatility when connecting into the transferred and the weapon could be em-
cused on our range and weapons bring- warfighting network—commonly known ployed,” he said. “Obviously, that goes a
back capability,” Gower explained. as net-centric operations. For example, long way toward reducing pilot workload.”
In April 2005, the Block II version of the when forward air controllers on the ground The Super Hornet features 11 weapons
Super Hornet emerged. “Block II mod- stations—and the ability to carry up to
ernised all of the avionics and sensors on 14 air-to-air weapons—which enable the
the aircraft. This reduced risk as we went Super Hornet to fight its way into target
through production stages—one of the key areas, launch weapons, and fight its way
elements in the Super Hornet program’s out. Gower said the Super Hornet’s capa-
formula for success. The second phase bility, availability and its versatility make
of Block II enhancements upgraded the it “the preeminent multi-role platform in
APG-73 radar—known as a mechanically the world today.” He said the F/A-18E/F’s
scanning radar—into the APG-79 Active unlimited angle of attack coupled with it
Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) ra- ability to execute air-to-air, fighter escort,
dar, which lies at the heart of the Super air-to-ground/close air support, maritime
Hornet’s advanced capability. Upgraded attack/tactical maritime operations, re-
sensors, which include the Advanced Tar- connaissance and tactical refueling mis-
geting Forward Looking Infrared pod and sions, make it a true force multiplier. n

BOEING AND INDIA


The Indian Navy recently announced the purchase of eight new Boeing maritime patrol Electronically Scanned Array (AESA) radar which links its onboard avionics and weapons
aircraft, known by the designation of P-8I (I is for India). package into a formidable defender. And its “life cycle” or total ownership costs, are
The P-8I is a uniquely Indian derivative of the new P-8A Poseidon designed for the extremely attractive because this fighter won’t see scheduled depot maintenance until it
U.S. Navy, now being assembled at our plant in Renton, Washington. The maritime patrol clocks a minimum 6,000 hours of flying time and even much longer. That is virtually the
aircraft is built upon Boeing’s 737 platform whose dependability has already made it the entire life of the Super Hornet’s airframe. And the F/A-18E/F carries the full confidence
world’s best-selling commercial airliner. With its advanced electronics, speed and time- of the US Navy, which will keep this fighter on US carrier decks well beyond 2030.
on-station, P-8I will be a daunting deterrent to seaborne territorial incursions. It provides Some of the other Boeing defense products appealing to India are the renowned
the Indian Navy with all of the reach, speed, endurance and technology needed to protect CH-46 Chinook helicopter for humanitarian and military needs, the AH-64D Apache, the
7,000 km of coastline, and to guard crucial international shipping lanes. These aircraft C-17 Globemaster III for large strategic lift, and our network-centric technologies that tie
will remain robust for the next half century, building on the U.S. Navy’s multi-billion all these platforms together into one seamless net-enabled force.
investment in the P-8, and from continuous future technology upgrades. Boeing is Finally, we want to emphasise that Boeing’s strategic goal in India is not simply to
capturing as much of these cost-savings as possible for the Indian Navy. sell planes or helicopters, but to become India’s aerospace partner. It is an objective
Far beyond the sale of these eight planes, the P-8I award is an historic milestone for our that foresees a long-term partnership to strengthen all aspects of India’s aerospace
company, because this represents Boeing’s first contribution to India’s national defense. capabilities in the twenty-first century. As the world’s largest aerospace company, we
Boeing is offering India the F/A-18E/F Super Hornet as India’s newest multi-role believe Boeing is uniquely positioned to offer the depth and breadth of human talent,
combat fighter. As the most advanced see-all, do-all combat fighter in production today, technical expertise and a variety of aerospace and defense resources required to help
the F/A-18E/F is battle-tested, capable of robustly defending the nation from the Hima- India strengthen its self-reliance and leadership in the fields of national security, civil
layas to the Indian Ocean. The Super Hornet boasts the world’s most advanced Active aviation, defense, space technologies.

SP’s
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Company News

CAE:
CDB aids
mission
rehearsal

See us at Aero India 2009, Bangalore, Hall C, Booth 14


CAE’s common database, currently in use by the US
Special Operations Command, can help significantly
enhance training and mission rehearsal capabilities
for the Indian defence forces

Most know simulation offers a range of compelling benefits for tabase issues such as interoperability and correlation,” said H J
training, including significant cost advantages, saving wear and Kamath, President of CAE-Macmet, based in Bangalore.
tear on weapon systems, and addressing environmental impacts. Without getting into too much technical detail, a database that
New technologies and capabilities, however, are helping move conforms to the CDB specification contains datasets that rep-
simulation beyond traditional training to mission preparation and resent the features of the virtual world, also called the synthetic
rehearsal. CAE, one of the world leaders in simulation, has pio- environment that you are trying to create. The implementation of
neered the development of something it calls the Common Data- a CDB significantly enhances interoperable training and mission
base (CDB) and believes the time is now for India’s defence and rehearsal capabilities, while reducing development time, con-
homeland security forces to look at the CDB. figuration control and associated database development costs.
The CDB is a single, standard database that defines a One of the main objectives of the CDB is to ensure unity and
single synthetic representation of the world, and all simulation correlation between the various simulation subsystems, while im-
systems use the same database – the CDB. Originally devel- proving database maintainability. A key benefit is the elimination
oped for the United States Special Operations Command, the of all source-level correlation errors. There are multiple benefits
CDB is an open, non-proprietary database specification that to using the CDB, but they all directly result in the capability to
allows the creation of a standardized, persistent, rapidly up- use simulation for mission preparation and rehearsal because the
datable synthetic environment. Because the CDB can be up- mission rehearsal timeline is greatly reduced.
dated very quickly, it supports mission planning and mission “The CDB could provide the foundation for a national syn-
rehearsal requirements. thetic environment database in India,” said Kamath. “Simula-
CAE not only developed the CDB specification on behalf of tion technologies such as the CDB have proven to be effective
the United States government, but has also implemented the combat multipliers and significant contributors to operational
CDB in two high-performance helicopter combat mission simula- and mission readiness.”
tors for the 160th Special Operations Aviation Regiment. CAE is demonstrating a range of simulation technologies at its
“India has the opportunity to leapfrog more than ten years of booth (Hall H, Booth #23) during Aero India, and will be highlight-
struggle the U.S. and other nations have had with simulation da- ing the capabilities and benefits of the CDB. n

SP’s
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Company News

EADS Defence
& Security focus
on ties in India
The Defence & Security Division (DS) of EADS is fully commit- as well as outstanding communication capabilities based on
ted to support AERO INDIA 2009 in order to make it a success- the latest technology. The Business Unit ensures coherent de-
ful air show and international defence exhibition. Therefore DS livery of end-to-end services for its military and security cus-
will highlight its products and capabilities to the Indian cus- tomers and is fully engaged in future tactical and infrastructural
tomers both on the EADS stand as well as on the Eurofighter network projects for the Indian Army. As an example of our
stand. The German Air Force will deploy the Eurofighter Ty- commitment to India, DCS acted as the design and integra-
phoon to AERO INDIA where they will demonstrate their flight tion authority to the Indian Army for its test bed system called
performance to the visitors for the first time. Since India is cur- Parikshak. This system is being used to help the Indian Army
rently expanding its aerospace and defence industry, DS will investigate the capabilities that could be delivered for the new
further enhance its industrial footprint in this growth market Tactical Communications System (TCS) project. In addition on
and is committed to create new partnerships. First steps will the 16 February 2008, DS and TATA announced the formation
be the creation of EADS DS India Private Ltd. and the launch of a new partnership to bid for the TCS project.
of new joint ventures in 2009. In the global security market, DCS possesses the capa-
bilities to provide integrated border and coastal surveillance as
Military Air Systems (MAS) well as large event security solutions. It provides interoperable
As an integrated Business Unit of DS, MAS concentrates its mission systems, solutions integrated in a command-decision-
capabilities in the fields of combat aircraft, manned mission support system, command and control and combat manage-
aircraft, unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) including research ment systems as well as simulation projects for India’s Armed
into and development of unmanned combat aerial vehicles Forces. DS has been awarded with India’s first major public
(UCAVs). Further, the Business Unit is responsible for complex safety TETRA network contract by the police of the state of
airborne systems including development, production and inte- Andhra Pradesh. The new network will cover the region of
gration stages as well as training services and comprehensive Cyberabad, the high tech hub that surrounds the city of Hy-
system support during the entire in-service phase. Major pro- derabad. In the area of battle management solutions for army
gramme is the Eurofighter Typhoon which is developed and and joint forces, DS provides C3I systems for the strategic,
manufactured by Alenia Finmeccanica (Italy), BAE Systems operative and tactical level as well as military communication
(UK) and EADS (Germany, Spain). Most impressive key feature networks. This complete chain of command ranges from the
of the Eurofighter Typhoon is its multi- and swing-role capabili- highest level of command to the soldier in the field.
ty, which provides military commanders with enormous flexibil-
ity. On behalf of the Eurofighter consortium, EADS submitted Defence Electronics (DE)
the Eurofighter bid proposal for the Medium Multi Role Combat As the Electronics House of EADS Defence & Security, this
Aircraft (MMRCA) competition on 28 April 2008 and its offset Business Unit offers mission-critical key electronics to India.
offer on 4 August 2008. In the area of UAVs, MAS success- In cooperation with local industries, it is ensured that modu-
fully demonstrated its light tactical UAV system Tracker to the lar and interoperable solutions are available over a broad va-
Indian Army. This mini UAV is dedicated to surveillance and in- riety of platforms. Uniting electronic self-protection and sen-
telligence. It gathers, in day/night conditions, close range high sor technologies for platforms deployed within armed forces
resolution image with secured real-time processing. and security forces worldwide, DE provides components and
subsystems based on the latest radar technology such as the
Defence and Communications Systems (DCS) E-Captor radar for the Eurofighter Typhoon, electronic warfare
The “Systems House” of EADS offers integrated solutions for technologies as well as mission management subsystems and
network centric operations, flexible and interoperable services electronics for air defence systems. n

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Company News

Eurofighter Typhoon
Ready for India
Eurofighter Typhoon is ready for India. The Eurofighter con- nations, their four Air Forces and the leading European aero-
sortium is fully committed to meet the future requirements of space and defence companies such as Alenia Finmeccanica,
the Indian Air Force (IAF). As the Medium Multi-Role Combat BAE Systems and EADS in Germany and Spain fully support
Aircraft (MMRCA) competition progresses, EADS which is the the campaign in India. All have one common goal in mind: Eu-
lead company for the Eurofighter Typhoon campaign in India, rofighter Typhoon shall become a new and potent capability in
has initiated intensive preparations for the forthcoming flight tri- the fleet of the Indian Air Force.
Moreover, since industrial cooperation with India is a key
requirement in the MMRCA competition, a comprehensive and
compliant offset offer was submitted on 4 August 2008. Ger-
many, the United Kingdom, Spain and Italy are absolutely com-
mitted to support the Indian defence sector over the decades to
come to bring new capabilities, skills and technologies to indus-

See us at Aero India 2009, Bangalore, Hall C, Booth 14


try; from the Defence Public Sector Undertakings, to all elements
of the defence private sector. The government-owned Hindustan
Aeronautics Ltd (HAL) will play the leading role in all of this and
EADS will liaise closely with HAL on how to integrate and involve
the wide range of non state owned defence companies.

als scheduled for summer 2009.


Germany’s Luftwaffe plans to
deploy Eurofighter Typhoon, the
most modern combat aircraft
available on the world market,
to Bangalore to demonstrate its
flight performance during the
flying displays at AERO INDIA
2009. Eurofighter Typhoon will
be one of the major highlights at
this international Air Show since
it will be flying in India for the very first time. Since Eurofighter Typhoon’s entry into service in 2004, its
While AERO INDIA and the MMRCA flight trials will be the order book has increased to more than 700 aircraft from six
key events this year, 2008 proved to be a challenging year for nations including Austria and Saudi Arabia as first export cus-
all six vendors in this competition. On 28 April, EADS submit- tomers. Countries such as Greece, Turkey, Switzerland, Ja-
ted an attractive Eurofighter Typhoon bid proposal to the In- pan, Croatia, Bulgaria and Romania are also showing strong
dian authorities and invited India to become a partner of the interest. With more than 160 aircraft delivered so far, the Eu-
Eurofighter programme. Bernhard Gerwert, CEO Military Air rofighter Typhoon is rapidly gaining the respect of air forces
Systems, an integrated activity of EADS Defence & Security, throughout the world. Eurofighter Typhoon’s agility and reli-
said: “India is our partner of choice and we are interested in ability combined with its state of the art multi-role capabilities
long-lasting political, industrial and military relations which will provides military commanders with enormous flexibility.
be based on a win-win-partnership with India.” Four European Thanks to unique air-to-air and air-to-ground capabilities

SP’s
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Company News

and its exceptional engines, the EJ 200, Eurofighter Typhoon were made to present information in a clear, simple and intui-
is a hugely capable weapons system. It combines advanced tive way. The cockpit was optimised to provide the pilot with
technology with world-class performance and its air-to-air re- ‘at a glance’ awareness and appreciation of the vast amount
fuelling capability extends weapons carriage, mission duration of information the sensors and datalinks are bringing onboard.
and range. Given Typhoon’s outstanding cabilities, it is equipped Because the HMI was very challenging, an ‘active cockpit’ rig
to meet the IAF’s fast-changing and significant operational and was built to allow the ergonomics to be evaluated by front-line
threat scenarios. Eurofighter Typhoon is ready for India! aircrew and test pilots long before the real aircraft was avail-
able. This enables the HMI and software development to pro-
The cockpit of the Eurofighter Typhoon is unique ceed more rapidly. Former BAE Systems’ Eurofighter Typhoon
Typhoon pilots benefit from one of the most advanced cock- Project Pilot, Craig Penrice, said: “As a fighter pilot you cannot
pit environments ever developed. Latest technologies have fail to’ be impressed when you are introduced to Eurofighter’s
helped to simplify the task of flying and fighting in this modern ‘office’. My experience of demonstrating the aircraft at all the
swing-role combat aircraft. The most advanced fighter cock- trade shows and airbases with our demonstrator, allows me
pits are dominated by large multi-function display screens to say that there is nobody who has walked away with the im-
with a Head-Up Display (HUD) and throttle controls and stick pression that we missed anything.”
covered by control switches and buttons. However, there is
much more to a fighter cockpit. The Human-Machine Interface Voice Control plus HOTAS: the ease of flying
(HMI) is of critical importance and Eurofighter Typhoon design- Eurofighter Typhoon incorporates Hands on Throttle and
ers have paid unparalleled attention in developing it. The HMI Stick (HOTAS) controls, allowing the pilot to control systems
combines the following elements: and sensors without taking his hands from the controls. This
obviates the need to stretch in order to reach controls on the
HUD – the bigger the better panel or side consoles. The aircraft has 12 programmable
Until the Eurofighter Typhoon’s advanced helmet-mounted display buttons on the control column and 12 more on the throttles.
enters service with Tranche 2 aircraft the primary source of flight More unusually, it uses voice recognition technology which
information is the massive, almost frameless, wide-angle HUD. allows the pilot to undertake many routine tasks by using
This can present terrain-avoidance cues from TERPROM and voice commands, controlling some 26 cockpit functions,
infra-red imagery from the PIRATE (Passive Infra-Red Airborne such as changing a radio frequency, calling up a different
Track Equipment), allowing ‘head-up’ operation even in poor display format, or even designating a specific target to be
weather. The HUD also displays basic flight information, target in- engaged, though not for safety-critical commands such as
formation and weapons aiming cues and weapons system status. weapon launches or flight control inputs. Designated VTAS
The MIDS (Multifunctional Information Distribution System), radio, (Voice, Throttle and Stick), the system is based around a
and fuel system displays are arranged under the HUD. voice recognition. It is the first production Direct Voice Input
(DVI) system in service.
Active Matrix LC Displays make the difference
To try to give pilots what they need, the Eurofighter Typhoon’s A helmet to look over your shoulder
three Active Matrix Liquid Crystal Displays change automati- The Helmet Mounted Display (HMD) is one of the most sophis-
cally to present the most appropriate information in any phase ticated systems in the world. It provides flight reference data,
of flight. For example, the displays switch from presenting and weapon-aiming symbology in the pilot’s visor, giving him
system data to navigation information after take-off, and then aircraft information without the need to look inside the cockpit,
to threat warnings if triggered by the DASS (Defensive Aids or through the HUD. The HMD therefore extends the ‘head out’
Sub-System). It may then change to weapons aiming displays advantage offered by a HUD to wherever the pilot is looking,
on reaching the Initial Point, though the pilot can, of course, and not just in a fixed narrow slice of the forward hemisphere.
select other information using the 17 programmable soft touch It allows weapons and sensors to be slaved to ‘look’ wherever
buttons surrounding each display. In the moving map display the pilot’s head ‘points’, with sufficient accuracy for missiles to
mode, the map can be overlaid with target information and the be locked onto an off-boresight or ‘over-the-shoulder’ target.
full ground and air threat picture. The system even provides the pilot with cues of where to look
to find targets. This is achieved by using a high speed optical
HMI for optimum awareness helmet tracker to determine exactly where the pilot is look-
With modern sensors it would be easy to overwhelm pilots with ing, and projecting target designator boxes, generated by the
too much information. This potential problem was recognised weapons system, to show the target’s position, significantly
at the very beginning of the design process and great efforts improving the pilot’s overall situational awareness. n

SP’s
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In Brief

MILITARY
are homeland defence and civil-
ian support; deterrence opera-
directed to conduct a study on
the feasibility and desirability of
QuickRoundUP
tions; major combat operations; equipping certain ASA units with • The two Alenia Aeronautica
US Air Force to use prop irregular warfare; military support F-35s. Another option for the Air C-27J tactical airlifters deployed
planes as ISR platforms to stabilisation, security, transi- Force is to replace the F-16s with in Afghanistan since September
2008 by the Italian Air Force have
tion and reconstruction opera- some of the more modern F-15
returned to their base after suc-
tions; and military contribution models. However, F-15s, like F- cessful completion of their first
to cooperative security. In order 16s, are beginning to reach the major out-of-area deployment.
to link DoD core mission areas end of their lives. Also, all F-15s, Despite the very difficult terrain
with its capabilities development including those flown by five and weather conditions of the vast
Afghan territory, the C-27J per-
processes, the department iden- ASA units, were grounded for 3
formed well. In their five months in
tified nine core competencies to months in late 2007 and early Afghanistan the C-27Js provided
include force application; com- 2008 after an F-15 broke apart some 200 hours of operational
mand and control; battlespace during a normal flying operation flying, carrying out some 50 sor-
To fulfill commanders’ needs for awareness; net centric; building in November 2007. The air force ties and transporting about 1,500
intelligence, surveillance and re- partnerships; protection; logis- found a structural problem and passengers and over 30,000 lbs of
freight.
connaissance, air force officials tics; force support; and corpo- it is doubtful that enough F-15s
will begin using C-12 Huron rate management and support. will be available till there retire- • Boeing has received a $75
turboprop planes as ISR plat- The 2009 QRM review also de- ment date of 2025. In comments million (Rs 364 crore) contract
extension from the US Air Force
forms. The programme, Project scribes how the department on a draft of this report, DoD
to continue risk reduction and
Liberty, involves Airmen oper- reviewed the rapidly-evolving indicated that extending the ser- system definition for the TSAT. This

See us at Aero India 2009, Bangalore, Hall C, Booth 14


ating a fleet of 37 C-12 aircraft roles, missions, and capabili- vice life of its F-15 and F-16 air- additional award brings Boeing’s
providing ISR full-motion video ties associated with irregular craft is also an option; however, total TSAT contract funding to
and signals intelligence for warfare, cyberspace operations, the air force has yet to determine $793 million (Rs 3,852 crore). TSAT
will provide survivable, protected,
operations Iraqi Freedom and unmanned aircraft systems, and the extent to which such actions
high-capacity and Internet-like
Enduring Freedom. The spe- intra-theater airlift. are viable. connectivity via satellite for
cialised crew of four will provide airborne intelligence, surveillance,
military leaders with real-time Highlights of measures to SAAB opens office in India and reconnaissance; communica-
data and information to make protect US airspace SAAB has opened an office in tions on the move; and protected
strategic communications.
key battlefield decisions. The The US Air Force faces two India (New Delhi) which was in-
project is part of the Secretary challenges for sustaining its Air augurated by Anders Sjöberg, • Boeing has announced that it
of Defense’s ISR task force and Sovereignty Alert (ASA) capabili- Deputy Head of Mission, Em- will assist in the development of
derives from his direction to ties over the long term; firstly, re- bassy of Sweden, and Mats the US Air Force F-16 Mission
Training Centre (MTC) programme
provide more ISR capabilities placing or extending the service Warstedt, Group Senior Vice
as part of a team led by L-3 Link
to US Central Command. There life of aging fighter aircraft and President, Marketing, at SAAB. Simulation & Training (L-3 Link).
will be two deployed units and secondly replacing ASA units SAAB’s commitment to India is The Aeronautical Systems Center’s
one stateside training unit. The with equipment and trained to provide our cutting edge tech- Simulator Systems Group at
modified C-12s—designated personnel when they deploy. nologies across air, land and sea, Wright-Patterson Air Force Base,
Ohio, awarded L-3 Link a $68.2
MC-12W—will be deployed to For example, if aircraft are not indigenised and optimised for
million (Rs 330 crore) contract for
the CENTCOM area of opera- replaced by 2020, 11 of the 18 the local environment. Gripen, the programme in December 2008.
tions during April 2009. current air sovereignty alert sites the most advanced fighter air- This programme supports Boeing’s
could be without aircraft. F-15s craft in its category, is also one growth strategy of capturing con-
DoD releases Quadrennial and F-16s are aging aircraft that of the contenders for the Indian tracts for non-Boeing platforms.
Roles & Missions Review 2009 cost more to maintain as they Air Forces MMRCA program. • The Boeing Co., Integrated
The US Department of Defense age. Of the 18 ASA sites, 12 are “For SAAB, India is a key market Defense Systems (Global Services
(DoD) has released the 2009 currently equipped with F-16s, where the company is making and Support Division), St. Louis,
Quadrennial Roles and Missions which will reach the end of their long term commitments. We are Missouri, has been awarded a
contract for operations and
Review (QRM) Report to Con- useful service lives between fis- offering our high tech portfolio
sustainment support for the fielded
gress in accordance with the Na- cal years 2015 and 2020. One to the Indian Army, Air Force and portions of the Ground-Based
tional Defense Authorization Act option is to replace the F-16s Navy. We will be further enhanc- Midcourse Defense (GMD) System
for Fiscal Year 2008. Although with either F-22s or F-35s, both ing our presence to ensure full for calendar year (CY) 2009 with an
the department has completed of which the Air Force is acquir- support to our customers. SAAB option for CY 2010. The principal
places of performance are the
similar reviews in the past, this ing. However, according to the is actively looking for long-term
contractor’s facility in Huntsville,
was the first review conducted current F-22 and F-35 fielding cooperation with Indian Govern- Ala.; and Missile Defense Agency
with the intention of establish- schedules, only 1 of the 12 units ment and Private Industries,” facilities at Schriever Air Force
ing a framework for performing will receive the new aircraft be- said Jan Widerström, Vice Presi- Base, Colorado, Vandenberg Air
roles and missions analysis on a fore its fleet of F-16s reaches the dent, SAAB International. SAAB Force Base, Calif., and Fort Greely,
Alaska.
recurring basis every four years. end of its useful service life. Sec- has also recently received two
The DoD’s core mission areas retary of the Air Force has been serial production orders for the

SP’s
33
’09
In Brief

Integrated Defensive Aids Suite


(IDAS) for the Indian Advanced
Nations. For example Zambia
has used its copper and Ke-
link and a nose cone for drag re-
duction. Via a standardised plug-
QuickRoundUP
Light Helicopter Dhruv. The com- nya has been negotiating with and-fight data interface, the IRIS- • The Boeing Co., Ridley Park, Pa.,
bined value of these orders from China to trade fishing rights for T SL system will be integrated has been awarded a contract for
Hindustan Aeronautics Limited arms. Among the most popular into the MEADS network-based research with the primary objec-
tive of the programme to carry
(HAL) is approximately $24 mil- Chinese military exports to Af- architecture to provide com-
out Phase 1 of the DiscRotor Risk
lion (Rs 116 crore). rica are the J-7, K-8 and Y-12 manders with increased flexibility Reduction Study. The DiscRotor
aircraft, which are relatively in- to dynamically select the opti- concept consists of a fixed-wing
US focus on optimal future expensive and easy to operate. mum missile for a given target. aircraft fitted with a retractable
strategic airlift mix China views those countries as MEADS, under development by single rotor. The DiscRotor con-
cept has substantial potential to
US Government Accountability potential customers for its new Germany, Italy and the United
provide a high-speed, high-altitude
Office (GAO) was asked to iden- FC-1 fighters. Russia and other States, is designed to replace aircraft (400+knots true airspeed
tify the impact C-5 modernisa- countries are keeping a close Patriot systems in the US and at 30,000 ft) that has the hover and
tion cost increases have had watch but find it difficult to com- Germany and Nike Hercules sys- low-speed characteristics of a
on the mix of aircraft; assess pete with China due to its unique tems in Italy. helicopter.
the current C-5 modernisation concept of arms trade. • The Brazilian Air Force Com-
cost estimate; and identify C- Magic of Merlin helicopters mand has announced that as
17 production plans and issues Germany requests addition of set out in the schedule for the
related to production line shut- secondary missile selection of a new multi-mis-
sion fighters for the Força Aérea
down. GAO found that the US MEADS International (MI) has
Brasileira (FAB), it has received
Air Force has cut the number received a request from the Ger- offers submitted by the three
of C-5s it plans to fully moder- man government to integrate participating companies that
nise by more than half because a European air defence mis- have been short-listed, namely (in
of substantial cost increases in sile into the Medium Extended alphabetical order) Boeing (F-18E/F
Super Hornet), Dassault (Rafale)
the C-5 Reliability Enhancement Air Defence System (MEADS).
and Saab (Gripen NG). This is as a
and Re-engining Programme The scope of work provides for response to Requests for Propos-
(RERP), and plans to acquire incorporation of IRIS-T SL (sur- als issued during October 2008.
more C-17s. Current plans are face launched) as a secondary
• An estimated $27.8 billion (Rs
to provide avionics upgrades to missile, expanding the flexibility
1,35,038 crore) will be spent
all 111 C-5s, limit RERP to 52 of MEADS fire units that will be over the next 10 years on the
C-5s, and acquire 205 C-17s. delivered to Germany. development and production of
However, this mix may change Based on a European air-to- major Electronic Warfare (EW)
again, based in part on the re- air missile that uses an imaging Merlin helicopter proved itself systems, according to Forecast
International’s “The Market for
sults of a new mobility capabili- infrared seeker, the IRIS-T SL in Bosnia and continues to per-
Electronic Warfare Systems.” In
ties study, the findings of which fulfills specific German Air Force form very well in Iraq. It is the total, some 46,060 EW units will
DOD plans to release in May requirements within the MEADS latest addition to the RAF’s be produced, including electronic
2009. programme. It will be the first helicopter family which is em- countermeasures systems, radar
time that one of the MEADS part- ployed to pick up casualties, warning receivers, and electronic
support measure systems, among
China exports arms to Africa ner nations has chosen to adapt move troops and supplies to
others.
China has been increasingly ex- MEADS into a unique configura- the frontline. The pilot has all-
porting military hardware in lieu tion. Compared to IRIS-T, IRIS-T round visibility and Kevlar for • International Aero Engines
of oil, mineral resources and SL is equipped with a larger sol- protection. It has two 7.62 mm (IAE) consortium has announced
that Lufthansa is to power a new
even fishing rights to African id-propellant rocket motor, a data General Purpose Machine Guns
fleet of 20 firm Airbus A321s plus
as standard, with a five-gun options with the V2500 SelectOne
fit available. Self-protection is engine. The value of this busi-
EU NATIONS ENDEAVOUR TO OPEN even better with a whole host of ness to IAE is up to $850 million
EUROPEAN DEFENCE MARKET defensive aids including missile (Rs 4,127 crore) if all options are
exercised and deliveries are due
EU governments are gradually coming around to the idea that they need to open up and laser warning systems and
to commence in 2009. Lufthansa
their defence markets, especially at a time when growing budgetary constraints clash infrared jammers. has extensive experience of
with the increasing need for sophisticated military equipment. Governments have Based on the military util- operating the V2500 and the airline
already agreed to the Code of Conduct on Defence Procurement introduced by the ity version of the Anglo-Italian celebrates 15 years of V2500
European Defence Agency (EDA) in July 2006, but the EDA cannot force governments operation covering 33 aircraft.
EH101, the Merlins Mk3 and
to comply with the code. Also, the protectionist attitude of member states derives
from the fact that they regard defence procurement as an area that overlaps with Mk3a can operate by day and • Lufthansa has selected Inter-
national sovereignty. night, in hot, high or freezing con- national Aero Engines to power
The European Commission is currently proposing new procurement and trade ditions. Powered by three Rolls- a new order for 20 firm Airbus
directives aimed at streamlining defence market legislation, and it is to be hoped that Royce/Turbomeca RTM322 en- A321’s plus options with the V2500
member states will respond positively to this initiative. The proposed directives would SelectOne engine. The contract is
gines, the aircraft can carry three
open up the defence market, improve European cooperation on armaments and lead valued at more than $283 million
to a more competitive European defence industry. or four crew members and 24 ful- (Rs 1,374 crore) to Pratt & Whitney,
ly-equipped troops at a range of

SP’s
34 G WWW.SPGUIDEPUBLICATIONS.COM
’09
In Brief

ANTONY KEEN ON SPEEDING UP through Manas each month. QuickRoundUP


PROCUREMENT PROCEDURES
AeroVironment awarded $41.7 if all options are exercised. Pratt
With the armed forces going on a fast-track million contract option for & Whitney, a United Technologies
modernisation drive after 26/11 terror strikes, Raven UAS & support services Corp. company, is a major partici-
India’s Defence Minister A.K. Antony said that pant in International Aero Engines
AeroVironment announced that (IAE) consortium.
unnecessary procedures, bottle-necks and red-
tape should be cut down for hastening procure- the US Army has ordered addi-
ment procedures. tional RQ-11B Raven small UAS • Northrop Grumman Corporation
“We need to cut down on the unnecessary and associated services for its has delivered its 400th fuselage
procedures, bottlenecks and red tapism in our section for the F/A-18E/F Super
fiscal year 2009 requirements by Hornet, the US Navy’s combat-
procurement mechanism”, Antony said while
the exercise of an option under proven multi-role strike fighter.
addressing the ‘Jumbo’ Majumdar Seminar on
‘Dominance of Aerospace Power’ in New Delhi. an existing contract. Each Ra- The fuselage ‘shipset’, measuring
He said that to hasten the procurement proce- ven system typically consists of nearly 30 feet long and 18 feet high,
dures, the Government had come with the DPP three aircraft, two ground control consists of the aircraft’s centre
and if required, further changes can also be and aft fuselage sections, twin
stations, and spares. The aggre- vertical tails and all associated
made. “We have framed our defence procurement procedures. If changes in the
gate order value is $41.7 million subsystems. As principal F/A-18E/F
present procedures are required to ensure speedy procurement, we will examine
the”, Antony said. (Rs 203 crore) and is fully funded. subcontractor to Boeing, Northrop
Without mentioning DRDO’s frequent complaints against the services of making The award was released under Grumman is responsible for design
last minute changes in their specifications and requirements during trials of its equip- the existing US Army joint small and production of the entire centre
ment and systems, Antony said, “End-users (armed forces) must also ensure that the and aft fuselage as well as subsys-
UAS program of record for AV’s tems integration and after-delivery
requirements and specifications are not changed frequently.”
Raven system and will provide product support.

See us at Aero India 2009, Bangalore, Hall C, Booth 14


systems, spares and services for
the Army and Marine Corps. • Patria Aviation has received an
order from the Finnish Air Force
over 1,000 km and at a maximum and production of the enhanced for a cockpit upgrade of 11 BAES
speed of 167 knots. Alternatively, wing sets. The A-10, also known Boeing completes flights of Hawk Mk 51 and Mk52 jet trainers.
under-slung loads of up to 4.2 as the Warthog, was first intro- two Wedgetail AEW&C The total value of the order is
tonnes can be carried. RAF plans duced into the Air Force inventory Aircraft modified in Australia over €10 million (Rs 62 crore). The
to move the Merlins to Afghani- in 1976. upgraded trainers will be delivered
during 2009 -2010. The Finnish Air
stan once they have completed Force has announced to upgrade
their mission in Iraq. ‘Manas Air Base closure also the 18 BAES Hawk Mk66 jet
won’t disrupt Afghanistan trainers purchased from Switzer-
Boeing submits A-10 operations’ land in summer 2007, which brings
sustainment/integration Pentagon spokesman Bryan the number of modernised aircraft
up to 30.
contract proposal to USAF Whitman has stated that the US
The Boeing Company has sub- hopes to continue operations at • Pratt & Whitney, in a joint
mitted a proposal to the US Manas Air Base in Kyrgyzstan, venture with Seven Q Seven (SQS)
of San Antonio, Texas, celebrated
Air Force to participate as an but would use other means to
the roll-out of the re-engined Joint
associate prime contractor in support troops in Afghanistan Surveillance Target Attack Radar
the projected $1.6 billion (Rs if the Kyrgyz government goes System (Joint STARS) aircraft
7,770 crore) A-10 Thunderbolt through with plans to close it. The Boeing Company has con- along with Northrop Grumman and
Life-Cycle Programme Support Neither the State Department ducted successful functional the US Air Force. The JT8D-219
(TLPS) contract to support the nor the Defense Department has check flights of two 737-700 Joint STARS engine configuration
offers a cost-effective, simplified
sustainment of the A-10 Thun- received official word that Kyr- AEW&C aircraft modified in installation approach. This fuel-ef-
derbolt II weapon system and gyzstan plans to discontinue its Australia for Project Wedget- ficient propulsion system affords
integration of current and future three-year arrangement with the ail. During each of the 2.5-hour the Joint STARS aircraft fuel burn
requirements. Boeing won the US. But Kyrgyz President Kur- flights, the pilots performed a improvement, which will increase
$2 billion (Rs 9,737 crore) A-10 manbek Bakiyev reportedly an- series of functional tests that the Joint STARS time on-station in
its surveillance orbit.
Wing Replacement Programme nounced plans to close the base verified the airworthiness of the
contract in June 2007. The pro- after meeting Russian President aircraft’s systems and struc- • Rolls-Royce will share in an
gramme includes engineering Dmitry Medvedev in Moscow. tures. The flight followed major order by Lufthansa to power a
new fleet of 20 Airbus A321s plus
services and the manufacture of The US pays $17.4 million aircraft modifications performed
options with V2500 SelectOne en-
up to 242 wing sets for the Air (Rs 85 crore) a year to use the by Boeing Defence Australia at gines from the International Aero
Force’s A-10 fleet. air base, a major logistical and Amberley, including the instal- Engine (IAE) consortium. The value
The programme is on sched- refueling hub supporting inter- lation and checkout of an ad- to Rolls-Royce is approximately
ule as Boeing develops the 3-D national troops in Afghanistan, vanced Multi-role Electronically $272 million (Rs 1,320 crore) if all
options are exercised. Deliveries
models that provide the engineer- Whitman said. The closure Scanned Array (MESA) antenna,
are due to commence in 2009.
ing foundation for current wing plan, if implemented, would af- ventral fins and mission system
sustainment needs, design im- fect about 15,000 people and equipment. The Wedgetail pro- • Rolls-Royce has been awarded
provements to prevent cracking, 500 tonnes of cargo that transit gramme includes six 737-700 a contract by the UK Ministry of

SP’s
35
’09
In Brief

AEW&C aircraft plus ground


support segments for mission
ARIANESPACE ORDERS 35 ARIANE 5 ECA QuickRoundUP
LAUNCHERS FROM ASTRIUM
crew training, mission sup- Defence to support the Pegasus
port and system maintenance. Jean-Yves Le Gall, Chairman and engines which provide the Harrier
The modified AEW&C aircraft Chief Executive Officer of Ari- fleet with its unique Short Take Off
anespace, and Alain Charmeau, and Vertical Landing capability.
features Northrop Grumman’s The 10-year contract provides a
Chief Executive Officer of As-
MESA antenna with integrated trium Space Transportation, guaranteed level of availability
identification friend-or-foe ca- have signed a contract for the of Pegasus engines to power the
pabilities; a flexible, open archi- production of 35 Ariane 5 ECA aircraft operating in the UK’s Joint
tecture for cost-effective future launchers (designated the “PB” Force Harrier, which is operated
batch). Worth more than €4 bil- by both the Royal Air Force and
upgrades; an extensive com-
lion (Rs 24,950 crore), this con- the Royal Navy. Rolls-Royce is the
munications suite; and aerial tract follows the letter of intent world’s number two defence aero
refueling capability. signed at the last Paris Air Show engine company with 160 custom-
in 2007, at a ceremony attended ers in 103 countries
Upgraded Early Warning by French President Nicolas Sar-
kozy. The launchers in the PB • Sikorsky Aerospace Services
Radar in Greenland has announced the signing of a $4
batch will be used starting in the
achieves satellite tracking second half of 2010, after the million (Rs 20 crore) contract with
in record time 30 Ariane 5 launchers ordered Presidential Airways to provide
Raytheon Company’s UEWR in 2004 (“PA” batch). With this HUD systems. The distribution of
contract, Arianespace now has these systems will be performed
at Thule Air Base, Greenland, by Helicopter Support Inc., a Sikor-
49 Ariane 5 launchers under
has achieved a significant mile- sky Aerospace Services company.
production.
stone by successfully tracking Sikorsky Aerospace Services is
its first satellite in an opera- the aftermarket business of Sikor-
tional space surveillance mis- sky Aircraft Corp., a subsidiary of
United Technologies Corp.
sion configuration. The UEWRs tors of HAIG and HAI in Madrid, absat 6B satellites. The Arabsat
add missile defence capabilities Spain in the presence of Chinese 5C satellite is scheduled for a • During a test flight the Saab
to the Raytheon-developed PAVE Premier Wen Jiabao and Spanish launch into geostationary trans- Gripen Demo aircraft proved its
PAWS and Ballistic Missile Early Prime Minister José Luis Rodrí- fer orbit (GTO) from the third ability to “Supercruise”, the ability
to fly supersonic without the use
Warning System radars, while guez Zapatero. The Harbin Hafei quarter of 2011 and the launch of afterburner which results in fuel
continuing their missile warning Airbus Composite Manufactur- of Arabsat 6B is scheduled from savings and an increase in range.
and space surveillance missions ing Centre Company Limited the second half of 2012. These This supercruise flight is part of
for the US Air Force Space Com- (the Manufacturing Centre) will two contracts are the 14th and the ongoing high speed supersonic
mand. The radar is a key sensor be set up in 2009. The Manufac- 15th launch Service & Solutions testing that will include super-
sonic flights, with different load
for the Missile Defence Agency’s turing Centre will produce major contracts that Arianespace has alternative.
Ballistic Missile Defence System, components for the A350 XWB signed in the Middle East. The
providing target detection and programme, as part of Airbus’ Arabsat 5C and 6B satellites will • Maritime Helicopter Support
Company, Woodbridge, Va., has
tracking to protect the US and target of manufacturing five per be built by EADS Astrium and
been awarded a definite delivery,
other nations from ballistic mis- cent of the A350 XWB airframe Thales Alenia Space. definite quantity Performance
sile attacks. in China. These components will Based Logistics contract for
be manufactured using the latest Ulan-Ude Aviation Plant has support for Navy H-60 weapons
repairable assemblies and shop
CIVIL
composite manufacturing tech- delivered to Iran two civil
nology based on Airbus stan- Mi-171 helicopters replaceable assemblies covering
various airframes and avionics
dards and processes. Within the framework of the con- systems in support of the H-60
Airbus signs JV contract to Airbus is committed to forg- tract signed in the end of 2007, series helicopters. The work is
set up manufacturing centre ing a long-term strategic part- Ulan-Ude Aviation Plant has de- expected to be completed by
for aircraft composite parts nership with China. The total livered to Iran two civil Mi-171 he- January 2010.
in Harbin, China value of industrial cooperation licopters. The helicopters will be • The US Air Force has awarded
Airbus and a group of Chinese between Airbus and the Chinese operated by non-government or- Northrop Grumman Corporation
industrial partners have signed aviation industry is expected ganisation Red Crescent Society an indefinite-delivery, indefinite-
a contract to establish a JV to be near $200 million (Rs 970 involved in conducting humani- quantity contract for operations
and maintenance support of the
Manufacturing Centre in Harbin, crore) per year in 2010 and $450 tarian missions. The society has
RQ-4 Global Hawk unmanned
China to manufacture composite million (Rs 2,185 crore) per year its own aviation department and reconnaissance aircraft. The
material parts and components in 2015. successful experience in opera- sustainment contract calls for
for the Airbus A350 XWB pro- tion of Russian helicopters. The continued training and peace-
gramme and Airbus A320 Family Arianespace to launch two helicopters will be used for civil time operations support for fiscal
years 2009 and 2010. It will also
aircraft. The contract was signed satellites for Arabsat missions, particularly, for carrying
provide operational assistance
by Laurence Barron, President Saudi-Arabia based operator Ar- out search and rescue missions for two new forward operating
of Airbus China, and Pang Jian, absat has selected Arianespace and transportation of people in- locations in Guam and Italy.
Chairman of the Board of Direc- to launch the Arabsat 5C and Ar- jured in natural calamities. l

SP’s
36 G WWW.SPGUIDEPUBLICATIONS.COM
’09
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F-16IN SUPER VIPER
T H E U LT I M AT E 4 T H G E N E R AT I O N F I G H T E R

Lockheed Martin’s F-16IN Super Viper is a unique new fighter sharing a heritage with the world’s only
fifth generation fighters. This ultimate fourth generation fighter has been tailored exclusively to meet
or exceed all of India’s Medium Multi Role Combat Aircraft (MMRCA) requirements. The F-16IN is the
right choice for the Indian Air Force (IAF) and is ready for integration into India’s infrastructure and
operations now. Evolutionary technologies make the F-16IN the most advanced fourth generation fighter
in the world today.