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# Friction Loss Calculations (Method 1 - On Actual)

Project : FITCO-01 Design of Foot ball court Friction Factor = 1.25, Allowable % of PSI
Variation between Valve and the last
Design Capacity 118.5GPM rounded to 120GPM Sprinkler - 6.93%. Sprinkler to Sprinkler
Pressure Variation is less than 1% of the
Dynamic Pressure 90PSI nominal Operating Pressure of
Sprinkler.

Length of Pipe
Loss per 100ft

Type of pipe

Flow (GPM)
Size of Pipe

Remarks
(Inches)

(Feet)

(PSI)
(PSI)

(PSI)
Line
Sl#

## Lateral Line (PVC CLASS 200)

Lateral Line
Class 200 1.5 23.7 1.09 0.0109 66.9 0.729 The sizes of Lateral
Section A
Lines were managed
Lateral Line
Class 200 2.5 47.44 0.53 0.0053 63.04 0.3341 according to the
Section B Maximum Pressure
Lateral Line Variation between
Class 200 2.5 71.1 1.21 0.0121 66.846 0.8088
Section C last Sprinkler and
Lateral Line Valve as 6.93%,
A Section D Class 200 3 94.8 0.72 0.0072 62.976 0.4534 henceforth the
Friction Loss Factor
Lateral Line comes 1.24 or say
Class 200 3 118.5 1.11 0.0111 72.9 0.8092
Section E 1.25

## 10% of Lateral Pipe

Fittings - Pressure Losses in Lateral Line Pipe 3.1345 x 0.1 0.31345
Pressure Loss
Total Pressure Loss on Lateral Line Pipe 3.44795
Main Line (PVC SCH. 40)
Flow rounded to
Main Line SCH. 40 4 120 0.34 0.0034 764 2.59
120GPM

## 10% of Main Pipe

Fittings - Pressure Losses in Main Line Pipe 2.59 x 0.1 0.259
Pressure Loss

## Total Pressure Loss on Main Line Pipe 2.849

Size
Zone PSI Loss
Sl# Description (Inches Remarks
GPM (PSI)
)
Main Line Accessories
Isolation Valves - 3 nos. FITCO Model - Series 70B Negligible or zero
118.5 4 0
Brass Gate Valve Pressure Loss
Hydraulic Control Valve, FITCO Model # C 402/CF402
118.5 3 1.5
Flowmatic Pressure Relief and Check Valve
C Air and Vacuum Relief Valve, FITCO Model Series
118.5 3 0 Nil
3500
Pressure Loss Data is
Spring Loaded type Pressure Relief Valve FITCO
118.5 3 0 not available in the
Model # PR-600, F031-32052A
FITCO Catalogue
Total Pressure Loss on Main Line Accessories 1.5
Lateral Line Accessories

## Isolation Valve - 1 no. FITCO Model - Series 70B Negligible or zero

118.5 3 0
Brass Gate Valve Pressure Loss
Solenoid Valve FITCO 500 Series Proline high flow
D 118.5 3 4
Valve Model # 530-050

## Total Pressure Loss on Lateral Line Accessories 4.725

Zero Elevation or
E Elevation - Pressure Gain or Loss 118.5 0 0
Depression
F Other Accessories Loss if any 118.5 0 0 Nil

Estimated Pump Discharge Requirement = 118.5 + 11.85 (10%of Pump GPM Capacity as
135GPM
Pump Safety Factor) + 4.65GPM incase using QCVs = 135GPM
Pressure reduction 10% as Pump Safety Factor (add to the Total Pressure Loss) 90 X 0.1
9PSI
= 9PSI
Total Pressure Loss on Irrigation System calculated as per table above 12.522PSI

## Grand Total Pressure Loss (12.175 + 9 ) 21.522PSI

Pressure Required at the Head (Sprinkler) ie. Working Pressure 60PSI
Total Pressure Requirement (Estimated Dynamic Pressure at Design Capacity) of the
81.522PSI
System (60 + 21.175)
Pressure available at Pump Discharge (Dynamic Pressure at Discharge Point) 90PSI

## Difference between Pressure available and Required 8.48PSI (9.42%)

As the Pressure Difference is a Positive Value the System will work efficiently
Design Notes: 1. Pump Capacity - 135GPM @ 90PSI 2. Design Capacity 118.5 GPM, Working Pressure 60PSI,
3. Schedule coefficient (SC) assumed as 1.25, and Distribution Uniformity assumed as 85%, 4. Maximum Flow
Variation between Valve and last Sprinkler 6.93%, 5. Application Rate is 14mm per Day, 6. Water Window for
one Station /Zone - 65 Minutes, Total Stations/Zones - 7 nos., Total Water Window for the System, 7 hours 35
minutes, 7. Evapotranspiration Rate assumed as 12mm, and Crop Coefficient is assumed as 1, 8. Main Line
Type - PVC SCH. 40, and Lateral Line - PVC CLASS 200, Rotor Sprinkler - FITCO K-RAIN PROSPORT Model 14003-
BSP/14003-BSP-SS, Nozzle # 30, 9. Size of Football Court 120 X 80 M (394 X 262 Feet), 10. Main Line type - Ring
Main Line total length 1528Feet.

Theoretical Water Requirement is given below at the area of 'Theoretical Calculation Details' (Sl# 2) below
(EWU). Actual Application is 120 X 80 X 12 = 115200 Liters per day, 30436 US Gallons per Day, @ 12 Liters per 1
2.
M

## 1 Friction Factor (Ff) (Po x Pv) / Lc

Po = Sprinkler Operating Pressure in PSI, Pv = Pressure Variation allowed between the Valve and the last
Sprinkler on the Circuit being sized, usually 10% to 20% of the desired Sprinkler Operating Pressure, Lc = Critical
Length of Pipe from Control Valve to the farthest Head in hundred Feet.

Applying figures to the Formulae Ff = (Po x Pv) / Lc = (60 X 0.0693) / 3.33 = 1.248 or say 1.25 for 100 Feet of
Lateral Line. In our design the Pressure Difference between last Head to the Valve is 3.134 including Fittings
Loss. Allowable is 1.25 X 3.33 = 4.16PSI, where as Lc in our case is 333 Feet.
Estimated Water Use in
2 EWU = (Eto X PF X HA X 0.62) / IE
Gallons per Day (EWU)
EWU = Estimated Water Use in Gallons per Day, Eto = Potential Daily Evapotranspiration for the worse case
scenario, in inches per day, PF = Plant Factor (Crop Coefficient), percent in decimal form, HA = Hydrozone area in
Square Feet, IE = Irrigation Efficiency or Distribution Uniformity, percent in decimal form, 0.62 = Constant for
conversion of units to Gallons per day.

Applying figures to the Formulae EWU = (0.47244 X 1 X 103228 X 0.62) / 0.85 = 35573 Gallons per Day X 3.785 =
134643 Liters per Day, ie. 134643 / 9600 = 14litres/M2 Area.

## Maximum Applied Water

3 MAWA = Eto X LA X 0.496
Allowance (MAWA)

MAWA = Maximum Applied Water Allowance, Eto = Potential Daily Evapotranspiration for the worse case
scenario, in inches per day, LA = Landscaped area in Square Feet, 0.496 = Constant to convert area and
Evapotranspiration to Gallons and then multiplied by 0.8 as required by the model ordinance.

Applying figures to the Formulae MAWA = 0.47244 X 103228 X 0.496 = 24189 Gallons per Day X 3.785 = 91557
Liters per Day / 9600 = 9.54 Liters / Day.
Amount of Power Required
at the Pump Shaft based ob
4 BHP = (Q X h) / (3960 X Ef)
Pump Efficiency, Brake
Horse Power (BHP)

BHP = Brake Horse Power (1 HP = 550 ft-lbs / sec) Q = Pump Discharge in Gallons per Minute (GPM), h = Total
Dynamic Pressure in Feet, 3960 = Constant for conversion of units to Brake Horsepower, Ef = Pump Efficiency
(Decimal).
Not Calculated
Horse Power Required in
5 Pumping water, Horse HP = (ft x GPM) / (3960 x Ef)
Power (HP)
HP = Brake Horse Power, ft = The number of feet the water is lifted from the surface of the water source to the
Discharge point, GPM = The Gallons per minute being pumped, 3960 = Constant for conversion of units to Brake
Horsepower, Ef = Pump Efficiency (Decimal).
Not Calculated

Coefficient of Uniformity
6 Cu = 100 { 1.0 (-) ∑x / mn}
(Cu)

Cu = Uniformity Coefficient, x = The deviation of individual observations or catchments, ∑x = The sum of the
deviations of individual observations from the mean value m, m = Mean value of all observations in the
distribution, n = number of observations in the distribution, 100 = Constant for conversion to percent.

Not Calculated
Distribution Uniformity
7 Du = 100 { MQ1 / M }
(DU)

Du = Distribution Uniformity expressed as percent, MQ1 = Mean of Observation in lowest 25% of the
distribution, M = Mean of distribution, 100 = Constant for conversion to percent.
Not Calculated, assumed as 85%

## inch - Method (1) Individual

PR = (34650 X GPM -for any Arc) / (Degrees Arc X Head Spacing in feet X Row
Spacing in feet)
(PR) in inches

PR = Precipitation Rate in inches per hour, GPM = Flow for a given Sprinkler of any Arc, in Gallons per Minute,
Degrees Arc = The Arc of the given Sprinkler in degrees, Head Spacing = The Space between the Heads in a row
in feet, Row Spacing = The Space between rows of Heads in feet, 34650 = Constant for conversion of area and
flow into common units.

Not Calculated
mm - Method (1) Individual
PR = (M3 per hour - for any Arc X 360,000) / (Degrees of Arc X Head Spacing
in meter X Row Spacing in meter)
(PR) in mm / hr

PR = Precipitation Rate in mm per hour, M3/hr = Flow for a given Sprinkler of any Arc, in M3 per Hour, Degrees
Arc = The Arc of the given Sprinkler in degrees, Head Spacing = The Space between the Heads in a row in Meter,
Row Spacing = The Space between rows of Heads in Meter, 360,000 = Constant for conversion of area and flow
into common units.

Not Calculated
Method (2) Total Area -
9a Precipitation Rate (PR) in PR = (96.25 X Total GPM) / Total Area
inches
PR = Precipitation Rate in inches per hour, Total GPM = Total Flow from all Sprinklers in the given Area in Gallons
per Minute, Total Area = The given irrigated area in square feet, 96.25 = Constant for conversion of area and
flow into common units.

Not Calculated

## Method (2) Total Area -

(1) PR = (Total Liter per Minute X 60) / Total Area (M2) , (2) PR = (Total M3
9b Precipitation Rate (PR) in
per Hour GPM) / Total Area (M2)
mm / hr
PR = Precipitation Rate in mm per hour, Total M3 per hour = Total Flow from all Sprinklers in the given Area in
M3 per Hour, Total Area = The given irrigated area in M2, 96.25 = Constant for conversion of area and flow into
common units.
Not Calculated

Precipitation Rate - Minimum PR = (ET x Total Acres) / (Hours Avail X Acre per Section X Valves X
10
Minimum Rate Required Efficiency)

ET = Amount of water to be applied in inches per day including crop efficient, Total Acres = The Area to be
irrigated in Acres, Hours Avail. = Hours available for irrigation each day, Acres per Section = Average area
covered by one Control Valve in Acres, Valves = Number of Valves operating at one time, Efficiency = System
operating efficiency in decimal equivalent of percent.

Not Calculated

## 11 Scheduling Coefficient (SC) SC = PR / LPR

SC = Scheduling Coefficient, 1.0 would be perfect uniformity, PR = Precipitation Rate, LPR = Lowest Precipitation
Rate in the irrigated Area

## Not Calculated, assumed as 1.20

12 Irrigation Frequency (F) F = (AWHC X RZ X MAD) / (Eto X Kc)

F = Irrigation Frequency, AWHC = Available Water Holding Capacity is the moisture level in the soil which is
above the plant's Permanent Wilting Point, and below the soil's Field Capacity, In inches per foot, RZ = Root Zone
in feet, MAD = Management Allowable Depletion of water from the AWHC percent. MAD of 30-50% will sustain
a healthy Landscape, ETo = Reference Evapotranspiration Rate, in inches per day, Kc = Crop coefficient, decimal.

Not Calculated

## Sprinkler Run Time in

13 T = (60 X D X ETo X Kc) / (PR X IE)
Minutes (T)
T = Sprinkler Run Time in minutes, 60 = Constant for conversion of Area, Flow, Inches per hour and Inches per
day into common units, D = Watering Frequency in days, ETo = Reference Evapotranspiration rate, in inches per
day, Kc = Crop coefficient, decimal, PR = Precipitation rate of the area, in inches per hour, IE = Application
efficiency of the system, percent.
T = (60 X 7 X 12mm X 1) / (12.93mm X 0.85) = 65 minutes per Station/Zone X 7 = 455 / 7 = 7.5 hours total for 7
Stations/Zones..

## 13 Circuit Operating Time (OT) OT = (I X 60) / (PR X DA)

OT = Circuit Operating Time in minutes per Day, 60 = Constant for conversion factor of 60min/h, I = System
irrigation requirement in inches (mm) per week in the "worst case" season, PR = Circuit Precipitation rate in
inches (mm) per hour, DA = Days available for irrigation per week.

OT = (98mm X 60 minutes/h) / (12.93mm/h X 7) = 65 minutes per Station / Zone, 65 X 7 = 455 minutes for 7
Stations / Zones, 455/60 = 7 hours 35 minutes..

## Friction Loss Calculations (Method 2)

Incase the Pump Selection is to be done from the FITCO Catalogue - Selected Pump is
FITCO WATERTRONICS Model WT-120/150-ST, Pressure 120PSI @ 150GPM /8.1 bar @
564LPM. (Friction Loss Calculation as per HUNTER IRRIGATION Method)

## Design Capacity and Working Pressure Work Sheet

Calculating Design Capacity and Dynamic Pressure
A Record Ste Information
1 Dynamic Pressure at the Discharge Point 120PSI

## 2 Pump Available Flow at Discharge Point 150GPM

Net Elevation change (Discharge Line up to Solenoid Valve) + Uphill, (-
3 0
) Downhill
4 Pressure change due to Elevation : Line 3 X 0.433 0

## Discharge Line Accessories Details

Details Number / Length Size Type

## 8 Hydraulic Control Valve 1 no. 3" Cast Iron(ASTM A-126 Class B)

9 Air and Vacuum Relief Valve 2 nos. 3" Cast Aluminium Body

## Factor Restriction GPM with Restriction

11 Pump / Well GPM Capacity Continuous supply available at Discharge Point (Line 2) 150 GPM

## Not to exceed 90% of continuous Supply available at

12 Pump Safety Factor (-) 15GPM
Discharge Point 150 X 0.10

## C Calculate Dynamic pressure at Design Capacity

13 Pressure Loss from Discharge Point to the Solenoid Valve Point

## 14 Pressure reduction 10% as Pump Safety Factor 120 X 0.10 12PSI

15 Pressure Loss in the Delivery Line 0.34PSI loss(per 100 feet) 764ft / 100 2.59PSI

16 Fittings Loss through Delivery Line (10% of Delivery Line Pressure Loss) 0.259

## 21 Other Pressure Losses 0.00

Pressure Loss from the Discharge Point to Solenoid Valve at 'worst case' Circuit (add
22 16.349
Lines 13 through 21)
23 Approximate Dynamic Pressure at Design Capacity

## Dynamic Pressure at the Solenoid Valve (Line 5 above) 120PSI

Subtract the PSI lost from the Discharge Point to the Solenoid Valve (POC) at Line 22 16.349PSI

## D Estimate Pressure Available at "Worst-Case" Head

Pressure change due to Elevation change from the POC to the highest Head in the
24 0.00
System 0 X 0.433
Pressure subtotal (subtract Line 24 from Line 23; for worst case Heads which are
25 103.651PSI
lower than the POC, add Lines 23 and 23)

26 69.446PSI
103.651 X 0.67

## Pressure available for Sprinkler Selection and Operation 69.446PSI

Working Pressure of Sprinkler is 60PSI, Pressure available at Head is 69.446PSI, excess Pressure is
9.446PSI, this can be managed by setting Pressure to 110PSI from 120PSI at Pump Discharge by
Pressure Reducing Valve provided with the Pump System at Discharge Line of Pump.

## Friction Loss Calculations (Method 3)

Dynamic Capacity and Dynamic Pressure Calculations using Hunter Software for
Pressure Management for the System
Job no. - FIT-01 Model Football Court

## Sl# Description Amount Result Remarks

A Inputs
1 Rated Discharge 135GPM
2 Pump Pressure 92PSI
3 Net Elevation Change in Feet 0 Feet
4 Delivery Line Type (Main Line) PVC SCH. 40

## 6 Size of Delivery Line 4"

Aa Friction Losses

## 9 Components Loss (Hydraulic Valve) 1.5PSI

Meagre and
10 Other Components Loss 0PSI
negligible

## Change in Elevation from the POC to the Location of

11 0 Feet
the highest Head in the System

B Result

Pump System

## Pressure at Point of Connection (Pump Discharge

12 92PSI
Point) % Theoretical
Pressure Loss (on
actual) at Main Line
Dynamic Pressure at Point of Connection of Lateral is 4.73% , Practical
13 75.8PSI
Line Calculation is 17.6%

## Design Capacity at Point of Connection of

14 121.5GPM % Theoretical
Lateral Line
Pressure Loss (on
actual is 8.89%) at
Lateral Line is 10.79%
(based on Serial # 13),
Estimated Pressure Available for Sprinkler
15 60.6PSI Practical Calculation
Operation
is 16.52% (based on
Serial # 13 it is 20%)

Theoretical Sum % of Pressure Loss (on actual) at Main Line and Lateral Line together is 13.6%,
Practical Sum % is 34%. This difference of Pressure Difference (20.4%) will cover Pump Safety and
Pressure Loss on sedimentation/contamination in Irrigation water due to inefficient filtration and
when using Effluent water for Irrigation purposes, and also ageing of System altogether as time
passes.
BILL OF QUANTITY & ESTIMATE

## Rotor Sprinklers - FITCO Model K-Rain Pro-

1 Sport BSP/14003 BSP-SS Nozzle Gear Driven, 35 nos. _ _
Nozzle # 30
Electric Remote Valve (Solenoid Valve) 3"
2 Size- FITCO Model 500 Series Proline High 7 nos. _ _
Flow Valve
Gate Valve - FITCO Series Model CIM 70B
3 3 nos. _ _
Brass body, 4" Size
Gate Valve - FITCO Series Model CIM 70B
4 7 nos. _ _
Brass body, 3" Size
Quick Coupling Valve FITCO Model FQCV
5 8 nos. _ _
108110 - 1" Size
Hydraulic Valve, FITCO Model # C 402
6 Flowmatic Pressure Relief and Check Valve - 1 no. _ _
3" Size

## Air and Vacuum Relief Valve, FITCO Model

7 2 nos. _ _
Series 3500 - 3" Size
In-line Filter, FITCO Model Series 335 - 3"
8 7 nos. _ _
Size
Model Series JR, LGK,
LG, LMJ and LH
Leemco Pipe Joint Restraint Systems, in
according to the
9 place of Thrust Blocks - 4" Sizes for 16 nos. _ _
Variety of
Components noted in the Design
Components and
Fittings

## Model Series JR, LGK,

LG, LMJ and LH
Leemco Pipe Joint Restraint Systems, in
according to the
10 place of Thrust Blocks - 3" Sizes for 4 nos. _ _
Variety of
Components noted in the Design
Components and
Fittings
Irrigation Controller 'ECO' Series TURF -AG
11 Controller, FITCO Model # T68-12-G, 12 1 no. _ _
Stations, 25VAC, I Ampere output
Electronically Controlled Pumping System,
12 FITCO Model WT-120/150-ST 1 Set _ _
(120PSI@150GPM)